Archive for December, 2012

Yvette Felarca – Posts | Facebook

Yvette Felarca sued Berkley School District to prevent them from disclosing, pursuant to California Public Information Laws, her school emails that contain key words like Antifa, By All Means Necessary, and/or BAMN. If Felarca was not using her school email address and school resources for such arguably private use, why would she care if the school district released the information? The suit itself is an ad hoc admission that she utilized school resources to discuss BAMN. Here is a link to the complaint filed by Felarca https://www.courtlistener.com//gov.uscourts.cand.318757.32

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Is that an OK sign? A white power symbol? Or just a right …

The smirk that almost inevitably accompanies the OK sign, that simplest of hand signals, is the dead giveaway in the shroud of internet-age befuddlement: Does the sign, the thumb and forefinger joined together in a circle, the remaining three fingers splayed out behind, mean alls good? Or does it mean white power instead?

The smirk gives away the proper answer: Youre being trolled.

The social-media-driven controversy over the meaning of the well-known hand sign has arisen in part as the result of a deliberate hoax concocted on the internet message board 4chan, which in addition to its well-earned reputation as a gateway to the racist alt-right is perhaps more broadly known as the home of trolling culture.

So when it gets flashed during a national broadcast, or during a video being shot to promote the Coast Guard, or by a cluster of Proud Boys and Patriots, what its about most of the time is a deliberate attempt to trigger liberals into overreacting to a gesture so widely used that virtually anyone has plausible deniability built into their use of it in the first place.

The problem, of course, is that there are white nationalists, neo-Nazis and Klansmen who have increasingly begun using the use of the symbol both to signal their presence to the like-minded, as well as to identify potentially sympathetic recruits among young trolling artists flashing it. To them, the configuration means WP, for white power.

This use of the signal preceded the 4chan hoax that made it go viral. A number of alt-right figures, notably white-nationalist guru Richard Spencer, published photographsof themselves using the symbol as early as 2016. Milo Yiannopoulos adopted the symbol on social media as early as 2015.

But by then, the alt-right had already long weaponized the trolling culture and its use of irony to create a hall of mirrors surrounding such memes. These can easily be found in other alt-right ironic constructs, such as the hoax religion of Kek(and its home country, Kekistan), or its adoption of Pepe the Frogas a mascot.

The original “Operation O-KKK” post at 4chan.

In early 2017, after a controversy aroseover whether Gateway Pundit publisher Jim Hoft and a writer for his site flashed the white power sign at the White House Press Briefing Room, the trolls at 4chan responded with a hoax they titled Operation O-KKK. The plan? We must flood twitter and other social media websites with spam, claiming that the OK hand signal is a symbol of white supremacy. Make fake accounts with basic white girl names and type shit like: OMG thats so truuuuu

The intent: Leftists have dug so deep down into their lunacy. We must force [them] to dig more, until the rest of society aint going anywhere near that shit.

A number of media outlets bit, running credulous pieceswarning that the old OK sign now had a darker connotation as an alt-right symbol. Somewhat in reaction, the Anti-Defamation League published a piece dismissing the whole question as a product of the 4chan hoax. (The piece has since been updatedwith a more nuanced analysis.)

This became the preferred narrative about the hand signals meaning. When White House aide Stephen Miller was photographed appearing to pose while making W and P hand signals, and social-media accusations flew claiming it proved his affiliation with white nationalism, the fact-checking site Snopes.com flattened such talkby determining that was false, based mainly on the claims ostensible origins as a hoax.

Patriot Prayer and Proud Boys flash the OK sign in Portland.

Since then, the hand signals use has nonetheless spread. Its used ironically by a number of Trump supporters at far-right rallies. Its been particularly prominent among far-right street protesters such as the Proud Boys and the Northwest-based Patriot Prayer, whose members have prominently displayed the sign in group photos and during street protests.

Roger Stone and the Proud Boys in Salem, OR. From Twitter.

At a gathering of Proud Boys in Salem, Oregon, that hosted former Trump adviser Roger Stone, the entire group was photographed making the sign.

So when a former White House aide named Zina Bash appeared to flash the signduring confirmation hearings for Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh while seated directly behind him on September 4, an uproar arose on social media led by Twitter users claiming that she was making a surreptitious white power signal to knowing viewers. Bash aggravated matters two days later by showing up again behind Kavanaugh and flashing the sign aggressively.

Just as quickly, however, mainstream mediaaccounts shut down discussionof the matter by referring to the established narrative, explaining the signals spread entirely as a 4chan hoax. Eventually the whole matter was dismissed as liberal silliness.

However, that narrative obscures the reality of the darker undercurrents behind the spread of the OK sign as a far-right signal. In addition to being adopted by Trump-friendly young people who mostly see it as a way to trigger liberals, its also been adopted by militiaman Patriots (though it should be noted that III% militiamenuse a reverse form of the OK sign as a way to signal membership in their mythical 3 percent of the populace ready for a revolution).

Overt neo-Nazis such as Andrew Anglin mostly make fun of the whole concept of hand signals (he even ran a vulgar cartoon on theDaily Stormer weighing in on the controversy). Yet its use keeps popping up in group photos of far-right hate-group members enjoying like-minded company. Its ubiquity seems to make its use by racists and trolls alike irresistible.

Dismissing the spread of the hand signal as a hoax overlooks two hard realities: first, that its increasing use gives open license to actual racist ideologues to operate and recruit under the cover of the plausible deniability established by less ideological young trolls; and second, that any kind of wink-and-nudge interaction with the racist right is a direct route to its normalization.

While the people who flash the sign can always readily claim innocence of any racist intent by attesting that they only meant it ironically and that their real purpose was to anger liberals, minorities and social justice warriors (SJWs), they cant so readily escape ethical culpability for their role in the spread of hateful ideologies and their effects, including a global spike in hate crimes. Nor can they blame members of the minority groups who reasonably find such hand signals potentially threatening for being upset.

Radical fascists have, after all, historically taken advantage of the marketplace of ideas as a useful platform for spreading their toxic ideology the outcome of which always entails the utter destruction of that marketplace and its replacement with authoritarian propaganda. When far-right ideologues retreat to a free speech defense amid claims of left-wing persecution which is what memes like the OK sign are designed to do this is always their long-term goal.

Natalie Wynn, a popular YouTube star who posts under the nom de plume ContraPoints, explained this dynamic vividly in a 2017 video titled Decrypting the Alt-Right:

More obscure symbols can be useful as a kind of secret handshake that lets Nazis recognize each other without normies taking notice. The best symbols to use for this purpose are ones that are not primarily associated with fascism, or at least have some other meaning, such as the othala rune, or the iron cross. Better still are symbols that, until adoption by fascists, are completely innocuous. Modern fascists have taken to using almost arbitrary emoji as a way to wink and nod at each other, notably the frog, after Pepe, the milk, and the OK sign.

Another advantage of using innocuous symbols is that when leftists try to point those symbols out, the fascists can always say, These gullible SJWs now think that even the OK sign is racist. Is there anything they *dont* think is racist?

Emily Pothast observes at Medium: Its ambiguity is precisely why its such an effective trolling tactic. When successful, this kind of trolling makes otherwise credible journalists and public intellectuals look like buffoons, either by overreacting to an ambiguous stimulus or by missing the whole context of the gesture.

Salon writer Amanda Marcotte delved this point further on Twitter: Part of the problem is that if, hypothetically, someone flashed white supremacist symbols at the camera, the point of the stunt would be to get liberals wound up, so they can then claim that liberals are just imagining things, she wrote. That was what the OK symbol was literally invented to do: Both serve as a white supremacist symbol and also one that is just ordinary-enough looking that when liberals expressed outrage, the white supremacist could play the victim of liberal hysteria.

So what does it mean when someone flashes the OK sign? In the end, it can mean almost anything, but primarily its one of three things:

The first of these (and its most common, but also most declining, use) is harmless. But it cant credibly be claimed by anyone who has a record of involvement with the many far-right elements that swirl both around the Trump White House and outside it as well. Nor can it be claimed by street-protesting Proud Boys chanting far-right slogans.

The second is less directly harmful, but hardly innocent of wreaking havoc. The normalization of the radical right under the rhetorical protection of self-proclaimed centrists and libertarians, particularly those who spread conspiracy theories and are often labeled the alt-lite, is a legacy that could last a generation or longer.

The third is, of course, reflective of a toxic worldview and authoritarian politics, bent primarily on the destruction of liberal democracy. At the moment, it remains the smallest bloc of the three.

Yet trolling culture, the ethos that fuels the second motivation, has proven a direct gateway not just to the alt-right, but also to even more poisonous cultures such as that of woman-hating incels. Its one thing to shrug off misbehavior by embracing the troll label, but it still means youre a participant in a toxic subculture. It’s easy for the second motivation to morph into the third.

So when someone flashes the OK sign with that knowing smirk, its not just a harmless act that can be dismissed. It may or may not mean that they are a white nationalist attempting a sly signal. But the sign unquestionably identifies the user as one thing: a troll.

Photo from Facebook.

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Is that an OK sign? A white power symbol? Or just a right …

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National Policy Institute | Official Blog of The News Service …

Richard Spencer, the controversial white nationalist whos sparked a state of emergency and turned Hogtown into a powderkeg, says he doesnt promote violence and isnt a white supremacist.

Spencer, who coined the term alternative right years ago, is coming to the University of Florida this afternoon as another stop on a national recruitment effort targeting college students.

The National Policy Institute, which Spencer founded and leads, paid about $10,000 to rent the Phillips Center for the Performing Arts. The university first balked at Spencers appearance, but relented after deciding it would probably lose a lawsuit threatened by Spencers lawyer.

The university estimates costs for Spencers speech will be in the $500,000 range, further angering students, faculty and others who want the alt-right sensation to stay the heck away.

We spoke with Spencers chief lieutenant, Evan McLaren, this week.

Theres nothing hateful about what Richard or myself or the National Policy Institute expresses, McLaren said.

McLaren, the executive director of D.C.-based NPI, told us the first business purchase he made after going to work for Spencer this summer was a ballistics vest.

Read the full story here.

And heres what Spencer had to say in a recent interview with the Culture Report.

Spencer denied that hes a white supremacist, which he defined as a white person who wants to rule over other races.

And I dont want to do that, so hes not a white supremacist, Spencer said.

White supremacist is basically a scare word. You might as well call me a poo-poo head or some other middle school-level insult. Because thats all it is. Its a way of suppressing speech. Its a way of silencing someone even before the conversation begins, actually. So, yes, I get it a lot. Its obvious bullshit. Its the same thing as when a conservative would say, hes a communist, or hes a Marxist. Well, maybe thats true in many cases. But that doesnt mean that they dont have something to offer, he explained.

So, what is he?

If I were to describe my ideology, my identity, it would be identitarianIt basically means that that question of identity is at the very heart of how I think of the world, he said.

Are whites superior?

The easiest thing for me to say would be, oh no, of course not. But look, of course, I would say, for me, yes. Speaking from my perspective, yes, I want to live in a white country, he said, adding that he feels more at home in European countries than Asian or Hispanic nations.

Every people thinks of itself as a chosen people on some level. As unique and special. Obviously Jews have taken that to the next level with their sense of chosenness, he added.

Whites arent superior from an objective, scientific sense, Spencer said. Africans are better at running and sprinting and East Asians have higher IQs, he said.

The key issue is really not superiority. Its difference. I dont want to lose that coherence to the white race, he concluded.

But the Anti-Defamation League doesnt buy Spencers insistence thats hes not a hate-monger and hes not inciting violence.

The fact is that Richard Spencer and his cohorts are white supremacists and their ultimate goal is to have a white ethno-state, and thats based on the idea that different races should live separately. Theyre very much opposed to diversity, Marilyn Mayo, a director of the ADLs Center on Extremism, told us this week. They promote both racist and anti-Semitic ideas. Their message definitely is not a message of unity, but it is a hateful message.

Regarding the clashes that have erupted at some of his speeches, Mayo said that Spencer doesnt promote violence.

They dont have a history of promoting violence, but its clear that the ideas that theyre promoting are based on hateful views, she said.

Both Spencers supporters and counter-protestors have come to the events prepared to engage in battle, Mayo noted.

I think that Spencer himself has not promoted violence. But he has also brought white supremacists to these events who are there to protect him, and those people have a tendency towards violence, she said.

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PNPI The Postsecondary National Policy Institute

The leading source of professional development for current and prospective federal policymakers who work on higher education issues.

PNPI is the leading source of professional development for current and prospective policymakers who work on federal higher education issues. The only program of its kind in the postsecondary space, PNPIs professional development events provide participants with an opportunity to consider a full range of higher education topics, while engaging in constructive dialogue with postsecondary leaders, researchers and their peers. In addition, PNPI publishes primers, factsheets and research summaries on a full-range of postsecondary issues that are posted and regularly updated on their website

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Flag of Libya – Wikipedia

The flag of Libya was originally introduced in 1951, following the creation of the Kingdom of Libya. It was designed by Omar Faiek Shennib and approved by King Idris Al Senussi who comprised the UN delegation representing the regions of Cyrenaica, Fezzan and Tripolitania at UN unification discussions.

The flag fell out of use in 1969, but was subsequently adopted by the National Transitional Council and anti-Gaddafi forces and effectively reinstated as the countrys national flag in article three of the Libyan Draft Constitutional Charter for the TransitionalStage issued on 3 August 2011.[1][2]

The flag of the Kingdom of Libya was adopted when Libya gained full independence in 1951. It consisted of a white star and crescent on a triband red-black-green design, with the central black band being twice the width of the outer bands. The design was based on the banner of the Senussi dynasty from Cyrenaica, which consisted of a black field and star and crescent design, and was later used as the flag of the region.

Omar Faiek Shennib, Chief of the Royal Diwans, Vice President of the National Assembly and Minister of Defense under King Idris Al Senussi is credited in the memoirs of Adrian Pelt, UN commissioner for Libya (1949 to 1951) for the design of the original flag of Libya.[citation needed]According to Pelt:”during deliberations of the Libyan National Constitutional Convention, a paper drawing of a proposed national flag was presented to the convention by Omar Faiek Shennib [distinguished member of the delegation from Cyrenaica]. The design was composed of three colors; red, black and green, with a white Crescent and Star centered in the middle black stripe. Mr. Shennib informed the delegates that this design had met the approval of His Highness Emir of Cyrenaica, King Idris Al Senussi [later to become King of Libya]. The assembly subsequently approved that design.”[3][yearneeded][pageneeded]

This flag represented Libya from its independence in 1951 until the 1969 Libyan coup d’tat. The symbolism of the star and crescent in the flag of the Kingdom of Libya was explained in an English language booklet, The Libyan Flag & The National Anthem, issued by the Ministry of Information and Guidance of the Kingdom of Libya (year unknown) as follows: “The crescent is symbolic of the beginning of the lunar month according to the Muslim calendar. It brings back to our minds the story of Hijra [migration] of our Prophet Mohammed from his home in order to spread Islam and teach the principles of right and virtue. The Star represents our smiling hope, the beauty of aim and object and the light of our belief in God, in our country, its dignity and honour which illuminate our way and puts an end to darkness.”[4]

In 2011, interviews with Ibtisam Shennib and Amal Omar Shennib, Omar Faeik Shennib’s only two remaining children, were cited as confirming Pelt’s account of the origin of the flag.[5] Ibtisam Shennib recalled the morning her father brought a draft of the flag to the breakfast table and showed it to her and her siblings, explaining the original intent behind the selection of the flag’s colours and symbols. According to Omar Faiek Shennib, “red was selected for the blood sacrificed for the freedom of Libya, black to remember the dark days that Libyans lived under the occupation of the Italians and green to represent its primary wealth, agriculture, [Libya once being referred to as the ‘agricultural basket’ or ‘breadbasket’ of the Ottoman Empire] and the future prosperity of the country. The star and crescent were placed within the black central strip of the flag as a reference to the Senussi flag and the role of King Idris in leading the country to independence”.[3]

During the Libyan Civil War against the rule of Muammar Gaddafi, the 195169 flag as well as various makeshift versions without the crescent and star symbol, or without the green stripe came back into use in areas held by the Libyan opposition and by protesters at several Libyan diplomatic missions abroad.[6][7][8]The National Transitional Council, formed on 27 February 2011, adopted the flag previously used in the Kingdom of Libya between 1951 and 1969 as the “emblem of the Libyan Republic”.[9][10] The flag was officially defined in article three of the Libyan Draft Constitutional Charter for the TransitionalStage:

The national flag shall have the following shape and dimensions:

Its length shall be double its width, its shall be divided into three parallel coloured stripes, the uppermost being red, the centre black and lowest green, the black stripe shall be equal in area to the other two stripes together and shall bear in its centre a white crescent, between the two extremities of which there shall be a fivepointed white star.

On 10 March 2011, France was the first country to recognise the council as the official government of Libya, as well as the first to allow the Libyan embassy staff to raise the flag.[11] On 21 March, the flag was flown by the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations and appeared on their official website,[12][13] and thereafter in late August by the Arab League[14] and by Libya’s own telecommunications authority,[15] the Libya Telecom & Technology, on its own website. In the following months many other Libyan embassies replaced the green flag of Gaddafi with the tricolour flag.

This original flag of Libya is now the only flag used by the United Nations to represent Libya, according to the following UN statement: “Following the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution 66/1, the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations of a Declaration by the National Transitional Council of 3 August 2011 changing the official name of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to ‘Libya’ as well as a decision to change Libya’s national flag to the original.”[16] All Libyan diplomatic posts, such as embassies and consulates, use the original flag of Libya.

The flag of Libya is described in Article 7 of the Constitution of 7 October 1951. It was officially adopted on 24 December 1951. The passage from the constitution reads:

Chapter 1, Article 7: The national flag shall have the following dimensions: Its length shall be twice its breadth, it shall be divided into three parallel coloured stripes, the uppermost being red, the centre black and the lowest green, the black stripe shall be equal in area to the two other stripes combined and shall bear in its centre a white crescent, between the two extremities of which there shall be a five-pointed white star.

Both the precise shade and legal construction is described in a booklet issued by the Ministry of Information and Guidance of the Kingdom of Libya in 1951.[17] The passage reads:

The exact particulars of the Libyan National Flag prescribed by Article 7 of the Constitution shall be as follows: The red shall be sign red, and the green permanent green. The Crescent shall be on the hoistward side of the star, and the centre of the circle of which the crescent forms a part shall be in the centre of the flag. The star shall be in the open end of the crescent and one point of the star shall point to the centre of the circle. The maximum width of the 270 crescent shall equal 16 of its outside diameter which is 14 of the width of the flag. The distance between the tips of the crescent shall equal that between the uppermost and lowermost point of the star measured along a perpendicular forming the hoistward sides of these two points. The perpendicular shall form a tangent to the outside circumference of the crescent at a point equidistant from the top and bottom of the flag.

The name “Libya” was introduced during colonisation by Italy in 1934.Before 1911, the Ottoman vilayet of Tripolitania (the “kingdom of Tripoli”) included much of the same territory as modern Libya.

The short-lived Tripolitanian Republic in western Libya had its own flag, which had a light blue field and a green palm tree in the center, with a white star on top of it.[18] It was unilaterally declared in 1918 and claimed sovereignty over the entire former vilayet, but never had full de facto governance.

From 1934 to 1943, Libya was an Italian colony and adopted the flag of the Kingdom of Italy.

The areas of Libya under British military administration (Cyrenaica 19421949 and Tripolitania 19431951) did not have their own flag and thus, used the Union flag of the United Kingdom.

During the French Administration of the former Southern Military Territory, Fezzan-Ghadames had a red flag with a crescent and star, very similar to the flag of Turkey.

During World War II, Italian Libya was occupied by France and the United Kingdom. The Cyrenaica Emirate was declared in British-occupied Cyrenaica in 1949 with the backing of the British authorities. The “Emir of Cyrenaica”, Idris of Libya, kept the emirate’s flag which derives from flag of Turkey (a white crescent and star on a black background) as his personal flag after he became king of Libya in 1951.

Following the coup d’tat of 1969, the flag was replaced by the Pan-Arab red-white-black tricolour of the Arab Liberation Flag, first flown after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 (which also formed the basis of the flags of Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen).

In 1972 when Libya joined the Federation of Arab Republics its flag was adopted by the country, linking it to Egypt and Syria. It featured a golden hawk (the “Hawk of Qureish”), holding a scroll with the Arabic name of the Federation.[19]

The flag of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya was adopted on 11 November 1977 and consisted of a green field. It was the only national flag in the world with just one colour and no design, insignia, or other details.[20] It was chosen by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi to symbolise his political philosophy (after his Green Book).[21]

The green colour traditionally symbolises Islam, reflecting the historical green banners of the Fatimid Caliphate. In Libya, green was also a colour traditionally used to represent the Tripolitania region.

British Military Administration (19421951)

Kingdom of Libya (19511969)

Libyan Arab Republic (19691972)

Federation of Arab Republics (19721977)

Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (19772011)

State of Libya (2011present)

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The Zionist Story. (Full Documentary)

The Zionist Story, an independent film by Ronen Berelovich, is the story of ethnic cleansing, colonialism and apartheid to produce a demographically Jewish State.

Ronen successfully combines archival footage with commentary from himself and others such as Ilan Pappe, Terry Boullata, Alan Hart and Jeff Halper.

“I have recently finished an independent documentary, The Zionist Story, in which I aim to present not just the history of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, but also the core reason for it: the Zionist ideology, its goals (past and present) and its firm grip not only on Israeli society, but also, increasingly, on the perception of Middle East issues in Western democracies.

These concepts have already been demonstrated in the excellent ‘Occupation 101 documentary made by Abdallah Omeish and Sufyan Omeish, but in my documentary I approach the subject from the perspective of an Israeli, ex-reserve soldier and someone who has spent his entire life in the shadow of Zionism.

I hope you can find a moment to watch The Zionist Story and, if you like it, please feel free to share it with others. (As both the documentary and the archived footage used are for educational purposes only, the film can be freely distributed).

I have made this documentary entirely by myself, with virtually no budget, although doing my best to achieve high professional standard, and I hope that this ‘home-spun’ production will be of interest to viewers.” – Ronen Berelovich.Links:http://pulsemedia.org/2009/03/09/the-…http://australiansforpalestine.com/17370http://kanan48.wordpress.com/2011/02/…

Re-Uploaded from Dobronironechka’s Channel:http://www.youtube.com/Dobronironechka

Related Videos:

Israeli Myths & Propaganda:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sIWvcB…http://blip.tv/file/4403235

Occupation 101:http://vimeo.com/14327996

Imperial Geography:http://blip.tv/file/1674292

Memory of the Cactus:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQ_Ljk…

Canada “Park” in Palestine:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHRbR7…

The History of Palestine:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t88I7I…

Palestine 1896:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hjEvqU…

1936 Warning of a British and Zionist Colonization of Palestine:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IfwaLE…

Important Note: I made this documentary available on this channel for educational and non-commercial use only and as the creator of the documentary mentioned please feel free to share it with others.

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Judaism – Beliefnet

Source of Creation and Life of the Universe, we gather together on Tu B’Shvat, as Jews of conscience, with a deep spiritual bond to your natural wonders, to affirm and preserve creation.We are grateful for creation in all its majesty: the ever-flowing waters, the azure blue skies, the complex…

Rabbi Warren G. Stone

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Nation of Islam – Signs and symbols of cults, gangs and …

The NOI was founded in Detroit on July 4, 1930, by Wallace Fard Muhammad, also known as W. D. Fard Muhammad, in order to, as the Nation of Islam states, “teach the downtrodden and defenseless Black people a thorough Knowledge of God and of themselves, and to put them on the road to Self-Independence with a superior culture and higher civilization than they had previously experienced.”[13] The NOI teaches that W. Fard Muhammad was both the “Messiah” of Judaism and the Mahdi of Islam. Fard chose his assistant minister, Elijah Muhammad, in 1931 to succeed him as head of the movement, calling Muhammad “His Divine Representative”. Fard trained Muhammad night and day for 3 years before he took over NOI in 1934. Muhammad[clarification needed] and the movement were widely rejected during his 44 years as the NOI leader. Muhammad[clarification needed] established a newspaper, The Final Call to Islam, and attempted to create schools founded upon Muslim teachings.[14]

Muslim parents agreed with the foundation of these new schools, but the Michigan State Board of Education did not. Muslim teachers were charged with contributing to the delinquency of minors and jailed. The charges were later dropped and the teachers were freed; Muhammad was given six months probation to relocate the children to a standard state school, but he refused because the classes were predominantly taught by white Christians. Muhammad left for Chicago in September of that year.[clarification needed] He was soon joined by W. D. Fard Muhammad, who was run out of Detroit by the police.[14]

In 1942, during World War II, Elijah Muhammad was convicted of violating the Selective Service Act and jailed. Many other Nation of Islam members were similarly charged, as NOI opposed serving in the United States military. Upon his release in 1946, Elijah Muhammad slowly built up the membership of his movement through recruitment in the postwar decades. His program called for the establishment of a separate nation for black Americans and the adoption of a religion based on the worship of Allah and on the belief that blacks were his chosen people.[14][15]

During this time, the Nation of Islam attracted Malcolm Little. While in prison in Boston for burglary from 1946 to 1952, Little joined the Nation of Islam. He was influenced by his brother, Reginald, who had become a member in Detroit. Little quit smoking, gambling and eating pork, in keeping with the Nation’s practices and dietary restrictions. He spent long hours reading books in the prison library. He sharpened his oratory skills by participating in debating classes. Following Nation tradition, Elijah Muhammad ordered him to replace his surname, “Little”, with an “X”, a custom among Nation of Islam followers who considered their surnames to have been imposed by white slaveholders after their African names were taken from them.[16]

Malcolm X rose rapidly to become a minister and national spokesperson for the NOI. Highly influenced by Malcolm X’s membership, the Nation claimed a membership of 30,000.[when?] In March 1964, Malcolm X was excommunicated from the Nation due to disagreements with Elijah Muhammad; among other things, Malcolm X found issues with Muhammad’s lack of adherence to Muslim teachings, and Malcolm X’s fame had led to media attention and a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) infiltration into the Nation of Islam.[16] In April 1964, one month later, Malcolm X founded Muslim Mosque Inc., stating, “I never left the Nation of Islam of my own free will. It was they who conspired with Captain Joseph here in New York to pressure me out of the Nation.”[17] In March 1966, three NOI members were convicted of assassinating Malcolm X.[18][19]

In 1955, Louis Wolcott joined the Nation of Islam.[20] Following custom, he also replaced his surname with an “X”. He was given his new name, “Farrakhan”, by Elijah Muhammad. In 1965, following the assassination of Malcolm X, Farrakhan emerged as the protege of Malcolm. Like his predecessor, Farrakhan was a dynamic, charismatic leader and a powerful speaker with the ability to appeal to the African-American masses.[21]

At the time of Elijah Muhammad’s death in 1975, there were 75 NOI centers across America.[22] The Nation’s leadership chose Wallace Muhammad, also known as Warith Deen Mohammad, the fifth of Elijah’s sons – not Farrakhan – as the new Supreme Minister. At the time, Nation of Islam was founded upon the principles of self-reliance and black supremacy, a belief that mainstream Muslims consider heretical.[23] He shunned his father’s theology and black pride views, forging closer ties with mainstream Muslim communities in an attempt to transition the Nation of Islam into orthodoxy more similar to Sunni Islam.[24] Under W. D. Mohammed’s leadership, the Nation of Islam decentralized into many bodies of followers led by many different leaders. This made it hard to track the exact number of NOI members, but it is estimated to have been in the tens of thousands.[25]

In 1977, Farrakhan resigned from Wallace Muhammad’s reformed organization. He worked to rebuild the Nation of Islam upon the original foundation established by Wallace Fard Muhammad and Elijah Muhammad. Farrakhan traveled across America speaking in cities to gain new followers. Over time, Farrakhan regained many of the Nation of Islam’s original properties. There are now mosques and study groups in over 120 American cities attributed to Farrakhan’s work as a leader.[26]

In 1995, the Nation of Islam sponsored the Million Man March in Washington, D.C. to promote African-American unity and family values. Estimates of the number of marchers were given between 400,000 and 840,000. Under Farrakhan’s leadership, the Nation of Islam tried to redefine the standard “black male stereotype” of drug and gang violence. Meanwhile, the Nation continued to promote social reform in African-American communities according to its traditional goals of self-reliance and economic independence.[26]

Under Farrakhan’s leadership, the Nation was one of the fastest growing of the various political movements in the country. Foreign branches of the Nation were formed in Ghana, London, Paris, and the Caribbean islands. In order to strengthen the international influence of the Nation, Farrakhan attempted to establish relations with Muslim countries. He was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1991 and experienced a near-death experience in 2000 due to complications. After that experience, Farrakhan toned down the politics of NOI and attempted to strengthen relations with other minority communities, including Native Americans, Hispanics, and Asians.[26]

On May 8, 2010, Farrakhan publicly announced his embrace of Dianetics and has actively encouraged Nation of Islam members to undergo auditing from the Church of Scientology.[27][28]

Since the announcement in 2010, the Nation of Islam has been hosting its own Dianetics courses and its own graduation ceremonies. At the third such ceremony, which was held on Saviours’ Day 2013, it was announced that nearly 8500 members of the organization had undergone Dianetics auditing. The organization announced it had graduated 1,055 auditors and had delivered 82,424 hours of auditing. The graduation ceremony was certified by the Church of Scientology, and the Nation of Islam members received certification. The ceremony was attended by Shane Woodruff, vice-president of the Church of Scientology’s Celebrity Centre International. He stated that, “[t]he unfolding story of the Nation of Islam and Dianetics is bold, [i]t is determined and it is absolutely committed to restoring freedom and wiping hell from the face of this planet.”[12]

The main belief of the NOI and its followers is that there is no other God but Allah. They teach that their founder, Master Fard Muhammad is the Mahdi.[29] The official beliefs of the NOI have been outlined in books, documents, and articles published by the organization, and in speeches by Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, Farrakhan, and other ministers. Many of Elijah Muhammad’s teachings may be found in Message to the Blackman in America.[30]

Written lessons from 1930 to 1934 were passed from W. Fard Muhammad to his student, Elijah Muhammad. These were collected and entitled The Supreme Wisdom. The NOI continues to teach its followers that the present world society is segmented into three distinct categories. They teach that from a general perspective, 85% of the population are the “deaf, dumb and blind” masses of the people who “are easily led in the wrong direction and hard to lead in the right direction”. Those 85% of the masses are said to be manipulated by 10% of the people. Those 10% rich “slave-makers” are said to manipulate the 85% masses of the people through ignorance, the skillful use of religious doctrine, and the mass media. The third group is referred to as the 5% “poor righteous teachers” of the people of the world, who know the truth of the manipulation of the 85% masses of the people by the 10%. The 5% “righteous teachers” are at constant struggle and war with the 10% to reach and “free the minds” of the masses of the people.[31][32]

An official Nation of Islam platform referred to as “The Muslim Program” was written by Elijah Muhammad in his book Message to the Blackman in America (1965). The itemized platform contains two sections; “What The Muslims Want”, consisting of 10 points; and “What The Muslims Believe”, consisting of 12 points.[29]

Elijah Muhammad once said that the Moon was once a part of the Earth, and that the Earth is over 76 trillion years old.[33] The entire land mass on the Earth was called “Asia”. This was, Elijah Muhammad claimed, long before Adam.[34] Elijah Muhammad declared that Black People in America are descendants of the Asian black nation and of the tribe of Shabazz. He writes on page 31 of his book, “Message to the Blackman in America”, “…who is this tribe of Shabazz? Originally, they were the tribe who came with the earth (or this part) 66 trillion years ago when a great explosion on our planet divided it into two parts. One we call earth and the other moon. This was done by one of our scientists, God, who wanted the people to speak one language, one dialect for all, but was unable to bring this about.”[35]

In an April 13, 1997, interview on NBC’s Meet the Press, Tim Russert asked Farrakhan to explain the Nation of Islam’s view on separation:

Tim Russert: “Once a week, on the back page [of your newspaper] is The Muslim Program, ‘What the Muslims Want’ [written in 1965]. The first is in terms of territory, ‘Since we cannot get along with them in peace and equality, we believe our contributions to this land and the suffering forced upon us by white America justifies our demand for complete separation in a state or territory of our own.’ Is that your view in 1997, a separate state for Black Americans?”

Minister Louis Farrakhan: “First, the program starts with number one. That is number four. The first part of that program is that we want freedom, a full and complete freedom. The second is, we want justice. We want equal justice under the law, and we want justice applied equally to all, regardless of race or class or color. And the third is that we want equality. We want equal membership in society with the best in civilized society. If we can get that within the political, economic, social system of America, there’s no need for point number four. But if we cannot get along in peace after giving America 400 years of our service and sweat and labor, then, of course, separation would be the solution to our race problem.”[36]

Wallace Fard Muhammad taught that the original peoples of the world were black and that white people were a race of “devils” created by a scientist named Yakub (the Biblical and Qur’anic Jacob) on the Greek island of Patmos. According to the supreme wisdom lessons, Fard taught that whites were devils because of a culture of lies and murder that Yakub instituted on the island to ensure the creation of his new people. Fard taught that Yakub established a secret eugenics policy among the ruling class on the island. They were to kill all dark babies at birth and lie to the parents about the child’s fate. Further, they were to ensure that lighter-skinned children thrived in society. This policy encouraged a general preference for light skin. It was necessary to allow the process of grafting or making of a lighter-skinned race of people who would be different. The idea was that if the light-skinned people were allowed to mate freely with the dark-skinned people, the population would remain dark-skinned due to the genetic dominance of the original dark-skinned people. This process took approximately 600 years to produce a blond-haired, blue-eyed group of people. As they migrated into the mainland, they were greeted and welcomed by the indigenous people wherever they went. But according to the supreme wisdom lessons, they started making trouble among the righteous people, telling lies and causing confusion and mischief. This is when the ruling class of the Middle East decided to round up all the troublemakers they could find and march them out, over the hot desert sands, into the caves and hillsides of Europe. Elijah claimed that this history is well-known and preserved, and is ritualized or re-enacted within many fraternal organizations and secret societies. Fard taught that much of the savage ways of white people came from living in the caves and hillsides of Europe for over 2,000 years without divine revelation or knowledge of civilization.[37] The writings of Elijah Muhammad advise a student must learn that the white man is “Yacub’s grafted Devil” and “the Skunk of the planet Earth”.[38]

The Nation of Islam teaches that black people are the original people, and that all other people come from them. Farrakhan has stated, regarding spiritual ascension, “If you look at the human family now, I’m talking about black, brown, red, yellow and white we all seem to be frozen on a subhuman level of existence. In Islam and, I believe, in Christian theology and Jewish theology as well, there are three stages of human development. The first stage is called the animalistic stage of development. But when we submit to animal passions, then we can do evil things to one another in that animalistic stage of development. But when moral consciousness comes and we have a self-accusing spirit, it is then that we become human beings. Right now, we have the potential for humanity, but we have not reached that potential, because we are functioning on the animalistic plane of existence.”[39]

The Blackman is the original man. From him came all brown, yellow, red, and white people. By using a special method of birth control law, the Blackman was able to produce the white race. This method of birth control was developed by a Black scientist known as Yakub, who envisioned making and teaching a nation of people who would be diametrically opposed to the Original People. A Race of people who would one day rule the original people and the earth for a period of 6,000 years. Yakub promised his followers that he would graft a nation from his own people, and he would teach them how to rule his people, through a system of tricks and lies whereby they use deceit to divide and conquer, and break the unity of the darker people, put one brother against another, and then act as mediators and rule both sides.

In an interview on NBC’s Meet the Press, Farrakhan said the following in response to host Tim Russert’s question on the Nation of Islam’s teachings on race:

You know, it’s not unreal to believe that white people who genetically cannot produce yellow, brown or black had a Black origin. The scholars and scientists of this world agree that the origin of man and humankind started in Africa and that the first parent of the world was black. The Qur’an says that God created Adam out of black mud and fashioned him into shape. So if white people came from the original people, the Black people, what is the process by which you came to life? That is not a silly question. That is a scientific question with a scientific answer. It doesn’t suggest that we are superior or that you are inferior. It suggests, however, that your birth or your origin is from the black people of this earth: superiority and inferiority is determined by our righteousness and not by our color.[36]

Pressed by Russert on whether he agreed with Elijah Muhammad’s preaching that whites are “blue-eyed devils”, Farrakhan responded:

Well, you have not been saints in the way you have acted toward the darker peoples of the world and toward even your own people. But, in truth, Mr. Russert, any human being who gives themself over to the doing of evil could be considered a devil. In the Bible, in the “Book of Revelation”, it talks about the fall of Babylon. It says Babylon is fallen because she has become the habitation of devils. We believe that that ancient Babylon is a symbol of a modern Babylon, which is America.

[citation needed] During the time when Malcolm X was a member and leader of the Nation of Islam, he preached that black people were genetically dominant to white people but were dominated by a system of white supremacy:

Thoughtful white people know they are inferior to Black people. Even [Senator James] Eastland knows it. Anyone who has studied the genetic phase of biology knows that white is considered recessive and black is considered dominant. The entire American economy is based on white supremacy. Even the religious philosophies, in essence, white supremacy. A white Jesus. A white Virgin. White angels. White everything. But a black Devil, of course. The “Uncle Sam” political foundation is based on white supremacy, relegating nonwhites to secondclass citizenship. It goes without saying that the social philosophy is strictly white supremacist. And the educational system perpetuates white supremacy.[41]

After MalcolmX made his pilgrimage to Mecca, he stated that seeing Muslims of “all colors, from blue-eyed blonds to black-skinned Africans”, interacting as equals led him to see Islam as a means by which racial problems could be overcome. He credits his evolving views on Islam and race as a reason for leaving the Nation of Islam and his decision to convert to Sunni Islam.[42]

The Nation of Islam teaches that intermarriage or race mixing should be prohibited. This is point 10 of the official platform, “What the Muslims Want”, published 1965.[43] Farrakhan nevertheless stated in the Tim Russert interview:

The mother of the Leader who came to North America to teach us, Fard Muhammad, His mother was a white woman. His father was a black man. So where there is love, love transcends our racial denomination or ethnicity. Love is the great power of transformation. I don’t think that we can say when two people are in love that they shouldn’t marry one another. But I would prefer that the black man and the black woman marry into their own kind.[44]

Elijah Muhammad taught his followers about a Mother Plane or Wheel, a UFO that was seen and described in the visions of the prophet Ezekiel in the “Book of Ezekiel”, in the Hebrew Bible.

Now as I looked at the living creatures, I saw a wheel on the earth beside the living creatures, one for each of the four of them. As for the appearance of the wheels and their construction: their appearance was like the gleaming of beryl. And the four had the same likeness, their appearance and construction being as it were a wheel within a wheel. When they went, they went in any of their four directions without turning as they went. And their rims were tall and awesome, and the rims of all four were full of eyes all around.

Ezekiel 1:1518 (ESV)

Farrakhan, commenting on his teacher’s description said the following:

The Honorable Elijah Muhammad told us of a giant Mother Plane that is made like the universe, spheres within spheres. White people call them unidentified flying objects (UFOs). Ezekiel, in the Old Testament, saw a wheel that looked like a cloud by day but a pillar of fire by night. The Honorable Elijah Muhammad said that that wheel was built on the island of Nippon, which is now called Japan, by some of the Original scientists. It took $15 billion in gold at that time to build it. It is made of the toughest steel. America does not yet know the composition of the steel used to make an instrument like it. It is a circular plane, and the Bible says that it never makes turns. Because of its circular nature it can stop and travel in all directions at speeds of thousands of miles per hour. He said there are 1,500 small wheels in this Mother Wheel, which is a half mile by a half mile [800 m by 800 m]. This Mother Wheel is like a small human-built planet. Each one of these small planes carry three bombs.

The Honorable Elijah Muhammad said these planes were used to set up mountains on the earth. The Qur’an says it like this: We have raised mountains on the earth lest it convulse with you. How do you raise a mountain, and what is the purpose of a mountain? Have you ever tried to balance a tire? You use weights to keep the tire balanced. That’s how the earth is balanced, with mountain ranges. The Honorable Elijah Muhammad said that we have a type of bomb that, when it strikes the earth a drill on it is timed to go into the earth and explode at the height that you wish the mountain to be. If you wish to take the mountain up a mile [1.6 km], you time the drill to go a mile in and then explode. The bombs these planes have are timed to go one mile down and bring up a mountain one mile high, but it will destroy everything within a 50-square-mile [130 km] radius. The white man writes in his above top secret memos of the UFOs. He sees them around his military installations like they are spying.

The first book analyzing the Nation of Islam was The Black Muslims in America (1961) by C. Eric Lincoln. Lincoln describes the use of doctrines during religious services:

Often the minister reads passages from well-known historical, sociological, or anthropological works, and finds in them inconspicuous references to the black man’s true history in the world…. Occasionally the minister chides the audience for its skepticism: “I know you don’t believe me because I happen to be a black man. Well, you can look it up in a book I’m going to tell you about that was written by a white man.” He then reads off references that his hearers are challenged to check.

In recent years, the embrace of Dianetics under Farrakhan has drawn much criticism that the Nation of Islam is becoming too close to the Church of Scientology and the ideas of its founder L. Ron Hubbard, whom Farrakhan has said he respects. Farrakhan has praised Hubbard, saying he was “exceedingly valuable to every Caucasian person on this Earth”. Of followers of Scientology, he stated “You can still be a Christian; you just won’t be a devil Christian. You’ll still be a Jew, but you won’t be a satanic Jew!”[27][28][46]

In 1930’s a Japanese national by the name of Satokata Takahashi allegedly promised financial aid and military assistance to African Americans in Detroit if they ‘joined a war against the white race.” In 1938 the FBI charged that Nakane had an influential presence within the NOI, speaking as a guest at temples in Chicago and Detroit. A poster was removed from a raid of Muhammad’s Chicago home that was a copy of a poster removed from Detroit headquarters of Takahashi. The poster was entitled “Calling the Four WInds.” There were images of four guns, each titled “Asia” and they had barrels pointing to the center of the poster, which had an image of the United States. “Calling the Four Winds” is the title of a speech written by Takahashi’s wife.[47] Muhammad engaged in the use of various names to elude federal authorities because they were monitoring Black Muslims for sedition and failure to register for the draft. He used names such as Elijah Karriem, Elijah Evans, Gulam Bogans, Mr. Muck Muck, and Muhammad Rasoul. Muhammad went to prison from 1942-1946 for influencing his followers not to register.[48]

The Nation of Islam has repeatedly denied charges of anti-Semitism.[49] Farrakhan has stated, “The ADL… uses the term ‘anti-Semitism’ to stifle all criticism of Zionism and the Zionist policies of the State of Israel and also to stifle all legitimate criticism of the errant behavior of some Jewish people toward the non-Jewish population of the earth.”[50] However, NOI officials and outlets including Farrakhan have also been accused of repeatedly using anti-semitic and homophobic rhetoric, including saying, “It’s the wicked Jews, the false Jews, that are promoting lesbianism, homosexuality. It’s the wicked Jews, false Jews, that make it a crime for you to preach the word of God, then they call you homophobic!”[8]

Regarding condemnation for having referred to Adolf Hitler as being a ‘great man’, Farrakhan has said, “I have throughout my life referred to Hitler as a wicked man, yet, the national news media insists that I called him a ‘great man’, with the implied inference that ‘great’ means ‘good’. However, I did refer to him as ‘wickedly great’, in the same sense that Genghis Khan stands out in history.”[51]

Professor David W. Leinweber of Emory University asserts that the Nation of Islam engages in revisionist and antisemitic interpretations of the Holocaust and that they exaggerate the role of Jews in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Leinweber and others use the original statements of Farrakhan and others as the basis for their evaluation.[52]

NOI Health Minister Abdul Alim Muhammad has accused Jewish doctors of injecting Blacks with the AIDS virus.[53][54]

Jeffery Muhammad, the Nation of Islam’s longtime leader in Dallas, Texas, stated:

They [Asian-American merchants in black neighborhoods] are just the latest in a long line of people who have come to this country like Jews, Italians, Indians and now Asians who have sucked the blood of and exploited the black community.[55]

The NOI obtained substantial funds from the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, notably a $5 million loan used to pay back-taxes and costs for the home of the movement’s former leader Elijah Muhammad and a $3 million loan from Libya in the 1970s to acquire its opulent headquarters on Chicago’s South Side.[61] Libya channeled funds through the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) based in Canada to a Libyan intelligence front in Washington. The money was provided to finance trips to Tripoli by the NOI and American radicals, according to a Canadian parliamentary investigation and a prosecution by the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.[62] “At least one gathering attended by Farrakhan in Libya in violation of a travel ban imposed on Americans by President Reagan after Libya was linked to terrorist attacks in Europe offered training seminars on weapons and explosives.”[63] The Libyans paid $250,000 in travel and other expenses to stage a pro-Gaddafi demonstration in which NOI played a leading role.[64]

In 1994, the NOI leader visited Khartoum, where he met with Gen. Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir, the Sudanese head of state and Dr. Hassan Abdullah al-Turabi, who headed Sudan’s ruling party. Farrakhan’s National Assistant Khalid Abdul Muhammed attended the 1995 PAIC meeting. Upon meeting Sheikh Naim Qassem of Hezbollah after a news conference at a Khartoum hotel, Muhammed found a translator to convey his greetings.[citation needed]

In 1996, Farrakhan traveled to Iran, Iraq, and Libya, at which time Gaddafi offered him an additional $1 billion. Farrakhan said he would use the money to develop the black community and increase its power in politics. He also denied an earlier report, which originated in the Iranian press, that while in Iran he had said, “God will destroy America by the hands of Muslims. God will not give Japan or Europe the honor of bringing down the United States; this is an honor God will bestow upon Muslims.”[65][66] In August 1996, Farrakhan formally asked the U.S. government to allow him to accept the funds from Libya, a requirement because of sanctions against the African state. His application was denied.[67][68][69]

In 2011, shortly after Gaddafi’s death, Farrakhan portrayed Gaddafi as a fellow revolutionary who had lent millions of dollars to the Nation of Islam over the years, “It wasn’t the money, but the principles that made me his brother”.[70][71]

The NOI has produced a number of videos promoting anti-American sentiments. NOI video titles include “Conspiracy of the International Bankers”, “Conspiracy of the U.S. Government”, “Controversy with Jews”, and “Which One Will You Choose, the Flag of Islam or the Flag of America?” In one video Farrakhan is said to state, “I hasten to tell you that the precious lives that were lost in the World Trade Center was a cover, a cover for a war that had been planned to bring a pipeline through Afghanistan to bring oil from that region, oil owned by Unocal, of which Dick Cheney is a stock holder.”[72]

Farrakhan’s videos also address the U.S. military. During the Millions March in Harlem, Farrakhan discussed the Fort Hood shootings as he addressed the crowd.

You don’t join the armed forces to become nation builders. You join the armed forces and they train you to kill. They’re killers. So why did Army major Nidal Malik Hassan, a Muslim psychologist at Fort Hood go on a shooting spree after being assigned to debrief soldiers who came back from the theater of war. He couldn’t take it any more so he shot up the soldiers. They want you to think he was a terrorist. But he was debriefing terrorists. And unfortunately, it took his balance.[73]

Controversy over the availability of NOI videos and writings surfaced on June 15, 2011, when Representative Peter King, Chairman of the House Committee on Homeland Security hosted a hearing titled “The Threat of Muslim-American Radicalization in U.S. Prisons”. During the hearing, former Bureau of Prisons director Harley Lappin testified on the extreme susceptibility of radicalization of inmates through propaganda efforts of groups like NOI. Testimony included discussion of an incident in which two radicalized converts planned a terrorist attack on a military facility in Seattle. The suspects had met in prison and had converted to Islam while there. In July 2011, King and Representative Frank Wolf, worried that prisoners were being radicalized by Farrakhan, asked U.S. Bureau of Prisons Acting Director Thomas Kane to remove Nation of Islam material from prisons and to audit all other Islamic texts and sermons made available to inmates as well as bureau procedures for approving such materials.[72]

The Final Call is a newspaper published by NOI in Chicago, with news stories on a variety of topics, primarily related to Blacks in America. “The Muslim Program” is published in every issue of the newspaper stating the demands of the Nation of Islam. NOI journalists have written about a range of topics, including conspiracy theories on the assassination of John F. Kennedy and a Central Intelligence Agency conspiracy to disrupt rule in Libya.[74] Harold Muhammad, minister of an NOI New Orleans mosque, wrote in the paper that there is enough evidence that AIDS is a man-made disease being used by the U.S. government against Blacks.[75][unreliable source?]

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Nation of Islam – Signs and symbols of cults, gangs and …

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Nation of Islam – definition of Nation of Islam by The Free …

New York Congressman Gregory Meeks, who has attended Farrakhan’s events in the past, condemned Farrakhan’s comments, while also apparently deriding conservative critics of the Nation of Islam leader.In addition to the profound legacies of the Nation of Islam and Moorish Science Temple of America among Black male inmates throughout the early to mid-1900s, various Black orthodox Muslim organizations began to visibly impact the Black male prison experience in the 1950s.The head of the Nation of Islam has slammed critics of superstar performer Beyonce.The pan-African hip hop umma is transnational in its focus and commitment, and so, not surprisingly, it demonstrates the “ascendancy of Sunni Islam in black youth culture” (102), rather than the race-based theology of the Nation of Islam, or its splinter group, the Five Percenters.Some members of the Nation of Islam have left the organization because of this alliance while others have stayed emphasizing their trust in Farrakhan’s leadership and the benefit they have received from auditing.It was upon his return from his Hajj that Malcolm broke from the Nation of Islam and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc.Assassinated in 1965, aged just 39, allegedly by members of the Nation of Islam angry that he left the group and exposed corruption in its ranks, Malcolm X was remembered at his Harlem funeral as “our living, black manhood” and as “our own black shining Prince.Summary: Nation of Islam Minister Louis Farrakhan said the “white right” wants U.Washington, Mar 25 (ANI): King of pop Michael Jackson’s associate is said to have threatened auctioneer Darren Julien with harm from the Nation of Islam if they did not stop the auction of the singer’s memorabilia.3) Snoop Dogg supports the Nation of Islam and has praised Minister Louis Farrakhan.When asked by the BBC if he planned to convert and become a member of the Chicago-based Nation of Islam, Snoop indicated he had already taken the plunge.However, they had to pay a heavy price for following Malcolm X when he disassociated himself from the Nation of Islam.

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Nation of Islam – definition of Nation of Islam by The Free …

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Yvette Felarca – Posts | Facebook

Yvette Felarca sued Berkley School District to prevent them from disclosing, pursuant to California Public Information Laws, her school emails that contain key words like Antifa, By All Means Necessary, and/or BAMN. If Felarca was not using her school email address and school resources for such arguably private use, why would she care if the school district released the information? The suit itself is an ad hoc admission that she utilized school resources to discuss BAMN. Here is a link to the complaint filed by Felarca https://www.courtlistener.com//gov.uscourts.cand.318757.32

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Is that an OK sign? A white power symbol? Or just a right …

The smirk that almost inevitably accompanies the OK sign, that simplest of hand signals, is the dead giveaway in the shroud of internet-age befuddlement: Does the sign, the thumb and forefinger joined together in a circle, the remaining three fingers splayed out behind, mean alls good? Or does it mean white power instead? The smirk gives away the proper answer: Youre being trolled. The social-media-driven controversy over the meaning of the well-known hand sign has arisen in part as the result of a deliberate hoax concocted on the internet message board 4chan, which in addition to its well-earned reputation as a gateway to the racist alt-right is perhaps more broadly known as the home of trolling culture. So when it gets flashed during a national broadcast, or during a video being shot to promote the Coast Guard, or by a cluster of Proud Boys and Patriots, what its about most of the time is a deliberate attempt to trigger liberals into overreacting to a gesture so widely used that virtually anyone has plausible deniability built into their use of it in the first place. The problem, of course, is that there are white nationalists, neo-Nazis and Klansmen who have increasingly begun using the use of the symbol both to signal their presence to the like-minded, as well as to identify potentially sympathetic recruits among young trolling artists flashing it. To them, the configuration means WP, for white power. This use of the signal preceded the 4chan hoax that made it go viral. A number of alt-right figures, notably white-nationalist guru Richard Spencer, published photographsof themselves using the symbol as early as 2016. Milo Yiannopoulos adopted the symbol on social media as early as 2015. But by then, the alt-right had already long weaponized the trolling culture and its use of irony to create a hall of mirrors surrounding such memes. These can easily be found in other alt-right ironic constructs, such as the hoax religion of Kek(and its home country, Kekistan), or its adoption of Pepe the Frogas a mascot. The original “Operation O-KKK” post at 4chan. In early 2017, after a controversy aroseover whether Gateway Pundit publisher Jim Hoft and a writer for his site flashed the white power sign at the White House Press Briefing Room, the trolls at 4chan responded with a hoax they titled Operation O-KKK. The plan? We must flood twitter and other social media websites with spam, claiming that the OK hand signal is a symbol of white supremacy. Make fake accounts with basic white girl names and type shit like: OMG thats so truuuuu The intent: Leftists have dug so deep down into their lunacy. We must force [them] to dig more, until the rest of society aint going anywhere near that shit. A number of media outlets bit, running credulous pieceswarning that the old OK sign now had a darker connotation as an alt-right symbol. Somewhat in reaction, the Anti-Defamation League published a piece dismissing the whole question as a product of the 4chan hoax. (The piece has since been updatedwith a more nuanced analysis.) This became the preferred narrative about the hand signals meaning. When White House aide Stephen Miller was photographed appearing to pose while making W and P hand signals, and social-media accusations flew claiming it proved his affiliation with white nationalism, the fact-checking site Snopes.com flattened such talkby determining that was false, based mainly on the claims ostensible origins as a hoax. Patriot Prayer and Proud Boys flash the OK sign in Portland. Since then, the hand signals use has nonetheless spread. Its used ironically by a number of Trump supporters at far-right rallies. Its been particularly prominent among far-right street protesters such as the Proud Boys and the Northwest-based Patriot Prayer, whose members have prominently displayed the sign in group photos and during street protests. Roger Stone and the Proud Boys in Salem, OR. From Twitter. At a gathering of Proud Boys in Salem, Oregon, that hosted former Trump adviser Roger Stone, the entire group was photographed making the sign. So when a former White House aide named Zina Bash appeared to flash the signduring confirmation hearings for Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh while seated directly behind him on September 4, an uproar arose on social media led by Twitter users claiming that she was making a surreptitious white power signal to knowing viewers. Bash aggravated matters two days later by showing up again behind Kavanaugh and flashing the sign aggressively. Just as quickly, however, mainstream mediaaccounts shut down discussionof the matter by referring to the established narrative, explaining the signals spread entirely as a 4chan hoax. Eventually the whole matter was dismissed as liberal silliness. However, that narrative obscures the reality of the darker undercurrents behind the spread of the OK sign as a far-right signal. In addition to being adopted by Trump-friendly young people who mostly see it as a way to trigger liberals, its also been adopted by militiaman Patriots (though it should be noted that III% militiamenuse a reverse form of the OK sign as a way to signal membership in their mythical 3 percent of the populace ready for a revolution). Overt neo-Nazis such as Andrew Anglin mostly make fun of the whole concept of hand signals (he even ran a vulgar cartoon on theDaily Stormer weighing in on the controversy). Yet its use keeps popping up in group photos of far-right hate-group members enjoying like-minded company. Its ubiquity seems to make its use by racists and trolls alike irresistible. Dismissing the spread of the hand signal as a hoax overlooks two hard realities: first, that its increasing use gives open license to actual racist ideologues to operate and recruit under the cover of the plausible deniability established by less ideological young trolls; and second, that any kind of wink-and-nudge interaction with the racist right is a direct route to its normalization. While the people who flash the sign can always readily claim innocence of any racist intent by attesting that they only meant it ironically and that their real purpose was to anger liberals, minorities and social justice warriors (SJWs), they cant so readily escape ethical culpability for their role in the spread of hateful ideologies and their effects, including a global spike in hate crimes. Nor can they blame members of the minority groups who reasonably find such hand signals potentially threatening for being upset. Radical fascists have, after all, historically taken advantage of the marketplace of ideas as a useful platform for spreading their toxic ideology the outcome of which always entails the utter destruction of that marketplace and its replacement with authoritarian propaganda. When far-right ideologues retreat to a free speech defense amid claims of left-wing persecution which is what memes like the OK sign are designed to do this is always their long-term goal. Natalie Wynn, a popular YouTube star who posts under the nom de plume ContraPoints, explained this dynamic vividly in a 2017 video titled Decrypting the Alt-Right: More obscure symbols can be useful as a kind of secret handshake that lets Nazis recognize each other without normies taking notice. The best symbols to use for this purpose are ones that are not primarily associated with fascism, or at least have some other meaning, such as the othala rune, or the iron cross. Better still are symbols that, until adoption by fascists, are completely innocuous. Modern fascists have taken to using almost arbitrary emoji as a way to wink and nod at each other, notably the frog, after Pepe, the milk, and the OK sign. Another advantage of using innocuous symbols is that when leftists try to point those symbols out, the fascists can always say, These gullible SJWs now think that even the OK sign is racist. Is there anything they *dont* think is racist? Emily Pothast observes at Medium: Its ambiguity is precisely why its such an effective trolling tactic. When successful, this kind of trolling makes otherwise credible journalists and public intellectuals look like buffoons, either by overreacting to an ambiguous stimulus or by missing the whole context of the gesture. Salon writer Amanda Marcotte delved this point further on Twitter: Part of the problem is that if, hypothetically, someone flashed white supremacist symbols at the camera, the point of the stunt would be to get liberals wound up, so they can then claim that liberals are just imagining things, she wrote. That was what the OK symbol was literally invented to do: Both serve as a white supremacist symbol and also one that is just ordinary-enough looking that when liberals expressed outrage, the white supremacist could play the victim of liberal hysteria. So what does it mean when someone flashes the OK sign? In the end, it can mean almost anything, but primarily its one of three things: The first of these (and its most common, but also most declining, use) is harmless. But it cant credibly be claimed by anyone who has a record of involvement with the many far-right elements that swirl both around the Trump White House and outside it as well. Nor can it be claimed by street-protesting Proud Boys chanting far-right slogans. The second is less directly harmful, but hardly innocent of wreaking havoc. The normalization of the radical right under the rhetorical protection of self-proclaimed centrists and libertarians, particularly those who spread conspiracy theories and are often labeled the alt-lite, is a legacy that could last a generation or longer. The third is, of course, reflective of a toxic worldview and authoritarian politics, bent primarily on the destruction of liberal democracy. At the moment, it remains the smallest bloc of the three. Yet trolling culture, the ethos that fuels the second motivation, has proven a direct gateway not just to the alt-right, but also to even more poisonous cultures such as that of woman-hating incels. Its one thing to shrug off misbehavior by embracing the troll label, but it still means youre a participant in a toxic subculture. It’s easy for the second motivation to morph into the third. So when someone flashes the OK sign with that knowing smirk, its not just a harmless act that can be dismissed. It may or may not mean that they are a white nationalist attempting a sly signal. But the sign unquestionably identifies the user as one thing: a troll. Photo from Facebook.

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National Policy Institute | Official Blog of The News Service …

Richard Spencer, the controversial white nationalist whos sparked a state of emergency and turned Hogtown into a powderkeg, says he doesnt promote violence and isnt a white supremacist. Spencer, who coined the term alternative right years ago, is coming to the University of Florida this afternoon as another stop on a national recruitment effort targeting college students. The National Policy Institute, which Spencer founded and leads, paid about $10,000 to rent the Phillips Center for the Performing Arts. The university first balked at Spencers appearance, but relented after deciding it would probably lose a lawsuit threatened by Spencers lawyer. The university estimates costs for Spencers speech will be in the $500,000 range, further angering students, faculty and others who want the alt-right sensation to stay the heck away. We spoke with Spencers chief lieutenant, Evan McLaren, this week. Theres nothing hateful about what Richard or myself or the National Policy Institute expresses, McLaren said. McLaren, the executive director of D.C.-based NPI, told us the first business purchase he made after going to work for Spencer this summer was a ballistics vest. Read the full story here. And heres what Spencer had to say in a recent interview with the Culture Report. Spencer denied that hes a white supremacist, which he defined as a white person who wants to rule over other races. And I dont want to do that, so hes not a white supremacist, Spencer said. White supremacist is basically a scare word. You might as well call me a poo-poo head or some other middle school-level insult. Because thats all it is. Its a way of suppressing speech. Its a way of silencing someone even before the conversation begins, actually. So, yes, I get it a lot. Its obvious bullshit. Its the same thing as when a conservative would say, hes a communist, or hes a Marxist. Well, maybe thats true in many cases. But that doesnt mean that they dont have something to offer, he explained. So, what is he? If I were to describe my ideology, my identity, it would be identitarianIt basically means that that question of identity is at the very heart of how I think of the world, he said. Are whites superior? The easiest thing for me to say would be, oh no, of course not. But look, of course, I would say, for me, yes. Speaking from my perspective, yes, I want to live in a white country, he said, adding that he feels more at home in European countries than Asian or Hispanic nations. Every people thinks of itself as a chosen people on some level. As unique and special. Obviously Jews have taken that to the next level with their sense of chosenness, he added. Whites arent superior from an objective, scientific sense, Spencer said. Africans are better at running and sprinting and East Asians have higher IQs, he said. The key issue is really not superiority. Its difference. I dont want to lose that coherence to the white race, he concluded. But the Anti-Defamation League doesnt buy Spencers insistence thats hes not a hate-monger and hes not inciting violence. The fact is that Richard Spencer and his cohorts are white supremacists and their ultimate goal is to have a white ethno-state, and thats based on the idea that different races should live separately. Theyre very much opposed to diversity, Marilyn Mayo, a director of the ADLs Center on Extremism, told us this week. They promote both racist and anti-Semitic ideas. Their message definitely is not a message of unity, but it is a hateful message. Regarding the clashes that have erupted at some of his speeches, Mayo said that Spencer doesnt promote violence. They dont have a history of promoting violence, but its clear that the ideas that theyre promoting are based on hateful views, she said. Both Spencers supporters and counter-protestors have come to the events prepared to engage in battle, Mayo noted. I think that Spencer himself has not promoted violence. But he has also brought white supremacists to these events who are there to protect him, and those people have a tendency towards violence, she said.

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PNPI The Postsecondary National Policy Institute

The leading source of professional development for current and prospective federal policymakers who work on higher education issues. PNPI is the leading source of professional development for current and prospective policymakers who work on federal higher education issues. The only program of its kind in the postsecondary space, PNPIs professional development events provide participants with an opportunity to consider a full range of higher education topics, while engaging in constructive dialogue with postsecondary leaders, researchers and their peers. In addition, PNPI publishes primers, factsheets and research summaries on a full-range of postsecondary issues that are posted and regularly updated on their website #asoda-custom-1241977540 {background-color: #2a3464!important;}#asoda-custom-1241977540 { border-color: #2a3464 !important;}#asoda-custom-1241977540 span {color: #ffffff!important;}#asoda-custom-1241977540:hover {background-color: #ffffff!important;}#asoda-custom-1241977540:hover { border-color: #2a3464 !important;}#asoda-custom-1241977540 span:hover {color: #2a3464!important;}

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Flag of Libya – Wikipedia

The flag of Libya was originally introduced in 1951, following the creation of the Kingdom of Libya. It was designed by Omar Faiek Shennib and approved by King Idris Al Senussi who comprised the UN delegation representing the regions of Cyrenaica, Fezzan and Tripolitania at UN unification discussions. The flag fell out of use in 1969, but was subsequently adopted by the National Transitional Council and anti-Gaddafi forces and effectively reinstated as the countrys national flag in article three of the Libyan Draft Constitutional Charter for the TransitionalStage issued on 3 August 2011.[1][2] The flag of the Kingdom of Libya was adopted when Libya gained full independence in 1951. It consisted of a white star and crescent on a triband red-black-green design, with the central black band being twice the width of the outer bands. The design was based on the banner of the Senussi dynasty from Cyrenaica, which consisted of a black field and star and crescent design, and was later used as the flag of the region. Omar Faiek Shennib, Chief of the Royal Diwans, Vice President of the National Assembly and Minister of Defense under King Idris Al Senussi is credited in the memoirs of Adrian Pelt, UN commissioner for Libya (1949 to 1951) for the design of the original flag of Libya.[citation needed]According to Pelt:”during deliberations of the Libyan National Constitutional Convention, a paper drawing of a proposed national flag was presented to the convention by Omar Faiek Shennib [distinguished member of the delegation from Cyrenaica]. The design was composed of three colors; red, black and green, with a white Crescent and Star centered in the middle black stripe. Mr. Shennib informed the delegates that this design had met the approval of His Highness Emir of Cyrenaica, King Idris Al Senussi [later to become King of Libya]. The assembly subsequently approved that design.”[3][yearneeded][pageneeded] This flag represented Libya from its independence in 1951 until the 1969 Libyan coup d’tat. The symbolism of the star and crescent in the flag of the Kingdom of Libya was explained in an English language booklet, The Libyan Flag & The National Anthem, issued by the Ministry of Information and Guidance of the Kingdom of Libya (year unknown) as follows: “The crescent is symbolic of the beginning of the lunar month according to the Muslim calendar. It brings back to our minds the story of Hijra [migration] of our Prophet Mohammed from his home in order to spread Islam and teach the principles of right and virtue. The Star represents our smiling hope, the beauty of aim and object and the light of our belief in God, in our country, its dignity and honour which illuminate our way and puts an end to darkness.”[4] In 2011, interviews with Ibtisam Shennib and Amal Omar Shennib, Omar Faeik Shennib’s only two remaining children, were cited as confirming Pelt’s account of the origin of the flag.[5] Ibtisam Shennib recalled the morning her father brought a draft of the flag to the breakfast table and showed it to her and her siblings, explaining the original intent behind the selection of the flag’s colours and symbols. According to Omar Faiek Shennib, “red was selected for the blood sacrificed for the freedom of Libya, black to remember the dark days that Libyans lived under the occupation of the Italians and green to represent its primary wealth, agriculture, [Libya once being referred to as the ‘agricultural basket’ or ‘breadbasket’ of the Ottoman Empire] and the future prosperity of the country. The star and crescent were placed within the black central strip of the flag as a reference to the Senussi flag and the role of King Idris in leading the country to independence”.[3] During the Libyan Civil War against the rule of Muammar Gaddafi, the 195169 flag as well as various makeshift versions without the crescent and star symbol, or without the green stripe came back into use in areas held by the Libyan opposition and by protesters at several Libyan diplomatic missions abroad.[6][7][8]The National Transitional Council, formed on 27 February 2011, adopted the flag previously used in the Kingdom of Libya between 1951 and 1969 as the “emblem of the Libyan Republic”.[9][10] The flag was officially defined in article three of the Libyan Draft Constitutional Charter for the TransitionalStage: The national flag shall have the following shape and dimensions: Its length shall be double its width, its shall be divided into three parallel coloured stripes, the uppermost being red, the centre black and lowest green, the black stripe shall be equal in area to the other two stripes together and shall bear in its centre a white crescent, between the two extremities of which there shall be a fivepointed white star. On 10 March 2011, France was the first country to recognise the council as the official government of Libya, as well as the first to allow the Libyan embassy staff to raise the flag.[11] On 21 March, the flag was flown by the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations and appeared on their official website,[12][13] and thereafter in late August by the Arab League[14] and by Libya’s own telecommunications authority,[15] the Libya Telecom & Technology, on its own website. In the following months many other Libyan embassies replaced the green flag of Gaddafi with the tricolour flag. This original flag of Libya is now the only flag used by the United Nations to represent Libya, according to the following UN statement: “Following the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution 66/1, the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations of a Declaration by the National Transitional Council of 3 August 2011 changing the official name of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to ‘Libya’ as well as a decision to change Libya’s national flag to the original.”[16] All Libyan diplomatic posts, such as embassies and consulates, use the original flag of Libya. The flag of Libya is described in Article 7 of the Constitution of 7 October 1951. It was officially adopted on 24 December 1951. The passage from the constitution reads: Chapter 1, Article 7: The national flag shall have the following dimensions: Its length shall be twice its breadth, it shall be divided into three parallel coloured stripes, the uppermost being red, the centre black and the lowest green, the black stripe shall be equal in area to the two other stripes combined and shall bear in its centre a white crescent, between the two extremities of which there shall be a five-pointed white star. Both the precise shade and legal construction is described in a booklet issued by the Ministry of Information and Guidance of the Kingdom of Libya in 1951.[17] The passage reads: The exact particulars of the Libyan National Flag prescribed by Article 7 of the Constitution shall be as follows: The red shall be sign red, and the green permanent green. The Crescent shall be on the hoistward side of the star, and the centre of the circle of which the crescent forms a part shall be in the centre of the flag. The star shall be in the open end of the crescent and one point of the star shall point to the centre of the circle. The maximum width of the 270 crescent shall equal 16 of its outside diameter which is 14 of the width of the flag. The distance between the tips of the crescent shall equal that between the uppermost and lowermost point of the star measured along a perpendicular forming the hoistward sides of these two points. The perpendicular shall form a tangent to the outside circumference of the crescent at a point equidistant from the top and bottom of the flag. The name “Libya” was introduced during colonisation by Italy in 1934.Before 1911, the Ottoman vilayet of Tripolitania (the “kingdom of Tripoli”) included much of the same territory as modern Libya. The short-lived Tripolitanian Republic in western Libya had its own flag, which had a light blue field and a green palm tree in the center, with a white star on top of it.[18] It was unilaterally declared in 1918 and claimed sovereignty over the entire former vilayet, but never had full de facto governance. From 1934 to 1943, Libya was an Italian colony and adopted the flag of the Kingdom of Italy. The areas of Libya under British military administration (Cyrenaica 19421949 and Tripolitania 19431951) did not have their own flag and thus, used the Union flag of the United Kingdom. During the French Administration of the former Southern Military Territory, Fezzan-Ghadames had a red flag with a crescent and star, very similar to the flag of Turkey. During World War II, Italian Libya was occupied by France and the United Kingdom. The Cyrenaica Emirate was declared in British-occupied Cyrenaica in 1949 with the backing of the British authorities. The “Emir of Cyrenaica”, Idris of Libya, kept the emirate’s flag which derives from flag of Turkey (a white crescent and star on a black background) as his personal flag after he became king of Libya in 1951. Following the coup d’tat of 1969, the flag was replaced by the Pan-Arab red-white-black tricolour of the Arab Liberation Flag, first flown after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 (which also formed the basis of the flags of Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen). In 1972 when Libya joined the Federation of Arab Republics its flag was adopted by the country, linking it to Egypt and Syria. It featured a golden hawk (the “Hawk of Qureish”), holding a scroll with the Arabic name of the Federation.[19] The flag of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya was adopted on 11 November 1977 and consisted of a green field. It was the only national flag in the world with just one colour and no design, insignia, or other details.[20] It was chosen by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi to symbolise his political philosophy (after his Green Book).[21] The green colour traditionally symbolises Islam, reflecting the historical green banners of the Fatimid Caliphate. In Libya, green was also a colour traditionally used to represent the Tripolitania region. British Military Administration (19421951) Kingdom of Libya (19511969) Libyan Arab Republic (19691972) Federation of Arab Republics (19721977) Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (19772011) State of Libya (2011present)

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The Zionist Story. (Full Documentary)

The Zionist Story, an independent film by Ronen Berelovich, is the story of ethnic cleansing, colonialism and apartheid to produce a demographically Jewish State. Ronen successfully combines archival footage with commentary from himself and others such as Ilan Pappe, Terry Boullata, Alan Hart and Jeff Halper. “I have recently finished an independent documentary, The Zionist Story, in which I aim to present not just the history of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, but also the core reason for it: the Zionist ideology, its goals (past and present) and its firm grip not only on Israeli society, but also, increasingly, on the perception of Middle East issues in Western democracies. These concepts have already been demonstrated in the excellent ‘Occupation 101 documentary made by Abdallah Omeish and Sufyan Omeish, but in my documentary I approach the subject from the perspective of an Israeli, ex-reserve soldier and someone who has spent his entire life in the shadow of Zionism. I hope you can find a moment to watch The Zionist Story and, if you like it, please feel free to share it with others. (As both the documentary and the archived footage used are for educational purposes only, the film can be freely distributed). I have made this documentary entirely by myself, with virtually no budget, although doing my best to achieve high professional standard, and I hope that this ‘home-spun’ production will be of interest to viewers.” – Ronen Berelovich.Links:http://pulsemedia.org/2009/03/09/the-…http://australiansforpalestine.com/17370http://kanan48.wordpress.com/2011/02/… Re-Uploaded from Dobronironechka’s Channel:http://www.youtube.com/Dobronironechka Related Videos: Israeli Myths & Propaganda:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sIWvcB…http://blip.tv/file/4403235 Occupation 101:http://vimeo.com/14327996 Imperial Geography:http://blip.tv/file/1674292 Memory of the Cactus:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQ_Ljk… Canada “Park” in Palestine:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHRbR7… The History of Palestine:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t88I7I… Palestine 1896:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hjEvqU… 1936 Warning of a British and Zionist Colonization of Palestine:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IfwaLE… Important Note: I made this documentary available on this channel for educational and non-commercial use only and as the creator of the documentary mentioned please feel free to share it with others.

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Judaism – Beliefnet

Source of Creation and Life of the Universe, we gather together on Tu B’Shvat, as Jews of conscience, with a deep spiritual bond to your natural wonders, to affirm and preserve creation.We are grateful for creation in all its majesty: the ever-flowing waters, the azure blue skies, the complex… Rabbi Warren G. Stone

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Nation of Islam – Signs and symbols of cults, gangs and …

The NOI was founded in Detroit on July 4, 1930, by Wallace Fard Muhammad, also known as W. D. Fard Muhammad, in order to, as the Nation of Islam states, “teach the downtrodden and defenseless Black people a thorough Knowledge of God and of themselves, and to put them on the road to Self-Independence with a superior culture and higher civilization than they had previously experienced.”[13] The NOI teaches that W. Fard Muhammad was both the “Messiah” of Judaism and the Mahdi of Islam. Fard chose his assistant minister, Elijah Muhammad, in 1931 to succeed him as head of the movement, calling Muhammad “His Divine Representative”. Fard trained Muhammad night and day for 3 years before he took over NOI in 1934. Muhammad[clarification needed] and the movement were widely rejected during his 44 years as the NOI leader. Muhammad[clarification needed] established a newspaper, The Final Call to Islam, and attempted to create schools founded upon Muslim teachings.[14] Muslim parents agreed with the foundation of these new schools, but the Michigan State Board of Education did not. Muslim teachers were charged with contributing to the delinquency of minors and jailed. The charges were later dropped and the teachers were freed; Muhammad was given six months probation to relocate the children to a standard state school, but he refused because the classes were predominantly taught by white Christians. Muhammad left for Chicago in September of that year.[clarification needed] He was soon joined by W. D. Fard Muhammad, who was run out of Detroit by the police.[14] In 1942, during World War II, Elijah Muhammad was convicted of violating the Selective Service Act and jailed. Many other Nation of Islam members were similarly charged, as NOI opposed serving in the United States military. Upon his release in 1946, Elijah Muhammad slowly built up the membership of his movement through recruitment in the postwar decades. His program called for the establishment of a separate nation for black Americans and the adoption of a religion based on the worship of Allah and on the belief that blacks were his chosen people.[14][15] During this time, the Nation of Islam attracted Malcolm Little. While in prison in Boston for burglary from 1946 to 1952, Little joined the Nation of Islam. He was influenced by his brother, Reginald, who had become a member in Detroit. Little quit smoking, gambling and eating pork, in keeping with the Nation’s practices and dietary restrictions. He spent long hours reading books in the prison library. He sharpened his oratory skills by participating in debating classes. Following Nation tradition, Elijah Muhammad ordered him to replace his surname, “Little”, with an “X”, a custom among Nation of Islam followers who considered their surnames to have been imposed by white slaveholders after their African names were taken from them.[16] Malcolm X rose rapidly to become a minister and national spokesperson for the NOI. Highly influenced by Malcolm X’s membership, the Nation claimed a membership of 30,000.[when?] In March 1964, Malcolm X was excommunicated from the Nation due to disagreements with Elijah Muhammad; among other things, Malcolm X found issues with Muhammad’s lack of adherence to Muslim teachings, and Malcolm X’s fame had led to media attention and a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) infiltration into the Nation of Islam.[16] In April 1964, one month later, Malcolm X founded Muslim Mosque Inc., stating, “I never left the Nation of Islam of my own free will. It was they who conspired with Captain Joseph here in New York to pressure me out of the Nation.”[17] In March 1966, three NOI members were convicted of assassinating Malcolm X.[18][19] In 1955, Louis Wolcott joined the Nation of Islam.[20] Following custom, he also replaced his surname with an “X”. He was given his new name, “Farrakhan”, by Elijah Muhammad. In 1965, following the assassination of Malcolm X, Farrakhan emerged as the protege of Malcolm. Like his predecessor, Farrakhan was a dynamic, charismatic leader and a powerful speaker with the ability to appeal to the African-American masses.[21] At the time of Elijah Muhammad’s death in 1975, there were 75 NOI centers across America.[22] The Nation’s leadership chose Wallace Muhammad, also known as Warith Deen Mohammad, the fifth of Elijah’s sons – not Farrakhan – as the new Supreme Minister. At the time, Nation of Islam was founded upon the principles of self-reliance and black supremacy, a belief that mainstream Muslims consider heretical.[23] He shunned his father’s theology and black pride views, forging closer ties with mainstream Muslim communities in an attempt to transition the Nation of Islam into orthodoxy more similar to Sunni Islam.[24] Under W. D. Mohammed’s leadership, the Nation of Islam decentralized into many bodies of followers led by many different leaders. This made it hard to track the exact number of NOI members, but it is estimated to have been in the tens of thousands.[25] In 1977, Farrakhan resigned from Wallace Muhammad’s reformed organization. He worked to rebuild the Nation of Islam upon the original foundation established by Wallace Fard Muhammad and Elijah Muhammad. Farrakhan traveled across America speaking in cities to gain new followers. Over time, Farrakhan regained many of the Nation of Islam’s original properties. There are now mosques and study groups in over 120 American cities attributed to Farrakhan’s work as a leader.[26] In 1995, the Nation of Islam sponsored the Million Man March in Washington, D.C. to promote African-American unity and family values. Estimates of the number of marchers were given between 400,000 and 840,000. Under Farrakhan’s leadership, the Nation of Islam tried to redefine the standard “black male stereotype” of drug and gang violence. Meanwhile, the Nation continued to promote social reform in African-American communities according to its traditional goals of self-reliance and economic independence.[26] Under Farrakhan’s leadership, the Nation was one of the fastest growing of the various political movements in the country. Foreign branches of the Nation were formed in Ghana, London, Paris, and the Caribbean islands. In order to strengthen the international influence of the Nation, Farrakhan attempted to establish relations with Muslim countries. He was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1991 and experienced a near-death experience in 2000 due to complications. After that experience, Farrakhan toned down the politics of NOI and attempted to strengthen relations with other minority communities, including Native Americans, Hispanics, and Asians.[26] On May 8, 2010, Farrakhan publicly announced his embrace of Dianetics and has actively encouraged Nation of Islam members to undergo auditing from the Church of Scientology.[27][28] Since the announcement in 2010, the Nation of Islam has been hosting its own Dianetics courses and its own graduation ceremonies. At the third such ceremony, which was held on Saviours’ Day 2013, it was announced that nearly 8500 members of the organization had undergone Dianetics auditing. The organization announced it had graduated 1,055 auditors and had delivered 82,424 hours of auditing. The graduation ceremony was certified by the Church of Scientology, and the Nation of Islam members received certification. The ceremony was attended by Shane Woodruff, vice-president of the Church of Scientology’s Celebrity Centre International. He stated that, “[t]he unfolding story of the Nation of Islam and Dianetics is bold, [i]t is determined and it is absolutely committed to restoring freedom and wiping hell from the face of this planet.”[12] The main belief of the NOI and its followers is that there is no other God but Allah. They teach that their founder, Master Fard Muhammad is the Mahdi.[29] The official beliefs of the NOI have been outlined in books, documents, and articles published by the organization, and in speeches by Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, Farrakhan, and other ministers. Many of Elijah Muhammad’s teachings may be found in Message to the Blackman in America.[30] Written lessons from 1930 to 1934 were passed from W. Fard Muhammad to his student, Elijah Muhammad. These were collected and entitled The Supreme Wisdom. The NOI continues to teach its followers that the present world society is segmented into three distinct categories. They teach that from a general perspective, 85% of the population are the “deaf, dumb and blind” masses of the people who “are easily led in the wrong direction and hard to lead in the right direction”. Those 85% of the masses are said to be manipulated by 10% of the people. Those 10% rich “slave-makers” are said to manipulate the 85% masses of the people through ignorance, the skillful use of religious doctrine, and the mass media. The third group is referred to as the 5% “poor righteous teachers” of the people of the world, who know the truth of the manipulation of the 85% masses of the people by the 10%. The 5% “righteous teachers” are at constant struggle and war with the 10% to reach and “free the minds” of the masses of the people.[31][32] An official Nation of Islam platform referred to as “The Muslim Program” was written by Elijah Muhammad in his book Message to the Blackman in America (1965). The itemized platform contains two sections; “What The Muslims Want”, consisting of 10 points; and “What The Muslims Believe”, consisting of 12 points.[29] Elijah Muhammad once said that the Moon was once a part of the Earth, and that the Earth is over 76 trillion years old.[33] The entire land mass on the Earth was called “Asia”. This was, Elijah Muhammad claimed, long before Adam.[34] Elijah Muhammad declared that Black People in America are descendants of the Asian black nation and of the tribe of Shabazz. He writes on page 31 of his book, “Message to the Blackman in America”, “…who is this tribe of Shabazz? Originally, they were the tribe who came with the earth (or this part) 66 trillion years ago when a great explosion on our planet divided it into two parts. One we call earth and the other moon. This was done by one of our scientists, God, who wanted the people to speak one language, one dialect for all, but was unable to bring this about.”[35] In an April 13, 1997, interview on NBC’s Meet the Press, Tim Russert asked Farrakhan to explain the Nation of Islam’s view on separation: Tim Russert: “Once a week, on the back page [of your newspaper] is The Muslim Program, ‘What the Muslims Want’ [written in 1965]. The first is in terms of territory, ‘Since we cannot get along with them in peace and equality, we believe our contributions to this land and the suffering forced upon us by white America justifies our demand for complete separation in a state or territory of our own.’ Is that your view in 1997, a separate state for Black Americans?” Minister Louis Farrakhan: “First, the program starts with number one. That is number four. The first part of that program is that we want freedom, a full and complete freedom. The second is, we want justice. We want equal justice under the law, and we want justice applied equally to all, regardless of race or class or color. And the third is that we want equality. We want equal membership in society with the best in civilized society. If we can get that within the political, economic, social system of America, there’s no need for point number four. But if we cannot get along in peace after giving America 400 years of our service and sweat and labor, then, of course, separation would be the solution to our race problem.”[36] Wallace Fard Muhammad taught that the original peoples of the world were black and that white people were a race of “devils” created by a scientist named Yakub (the Biblical and Qur’anic Jacob) on the Greek island of Patmos. According to the supreme wisdom lessons, Fard taught that whites were devils because of a culture of lies and murder that Yakub instituted on the island to ensure the creation of his new people. Fard taught that Yakub established a secret eugenics policy among the ruling class on the island. They were to kill all dark babies at birth and lie to the parents about the child’s fate. Further, they were to ensure that lighter-skinned children thrived in society. This policy encouraged a general preference for light skin. It was necessary to allow the process of grafting or making of a lighter-skinned race of people who would be different. The idea was that if the light-skinned people were allowed to mate freely with the dark-skinned people, the population would remain dark-skinned due to the genetic dominance of the original dark-skinned people. This process took approximately 600 years to produce a blond-haired, blue-eyed group of people. As they migrated into the mainland, they were greeted and welcomed by the indigenous people wherever they went. But according to the supreme wisdom lessons, they started making trouble among the righteous people, telling lies and causing confusion and mischief. This is when the ruling class of the Middle East decided to round up all the troublemakers they could find and march them out, over the hot desert sands, into the caves and hillsides of Europe. Elijah claimed that this history is well-known and preserved, and is ritualized or re-enacted within many fraternal organizations and secret societies. Fard taught that much of the savage ways of white people came from living in the caves and hillsides of Europe for over 2,000 years without divine revelation or knowledge of civilization.[37] The writings of Elijah Muhammad advise a student must learn that the white man is “Yacub’s grafted Devil” and “the Skunk of the planet Earth”.[38] The Nation of Islam teaches that black people are the original people, and that all other people come from them. Farrakhan has stated, regarding spiritual ascension, “If you look at the human family now, I’m talking about black, brown, red, yellow and white we all seem to be frozen on a subhuman level of existence. In Islam and, I believe, in Christian theology and Jewish theology as well, there are three stages of human development. The first stage is called the animalistic stage of development. But when we submit to animal passions, then we can do evil things to one another in that animalistic stage of development. But when moral consciousness comes and we have a self-accusing spirit, it is then that we become human beings. Right now, we have the potential for humanity, but we have not reached that potential, because we are functioning on the animalistic plane of existence.”[39] The Blackman is the original man. From him came all brown, yellow, red, and white people. By using a special method of birth control law, the Blackman was able to produce the white race. This method of birth control was developed by a Black scientist known as Yakub, who envisioned making and teaching a nation of people who would be diametrically opposed to the Original People. A Race of people who would one day rule the original people and the earth for a period of 6,000 years. Yakub promised his followers that he would graft a nation from his own people, and he would teach them how to rule his people, through a system of tricks and lies whereby they use deceit to divide and conquer, and break the unity of the darker people, put one brother against another, and then act as mediators and rule both sides. In an interview on NBC’s Meet the Press, Farrakhan said the following in response to host Tim Russert’s question on the Nation of Islam’s teachings on race: You know, it’s not unreal to believe that white people who genetically cannot produce yellow, brown or black had a Black origin. The scholars and scientists of this world agree that the origin of man and humankind started in Africa and that the first parent of the world was black. The Qur’an says that God created Adam out of black mud and fashioned him into shape. So if white people came from the original people, the Black people, what is the process by which you came to life? That is not a silly question. That is a scientific question with a scientific answer. It doesn’t suggest that we are superior or that you are inferior. It suggests, however, that your birth or your origin is from the black people of this earth: superiority and inferiority is determined by our righteousness and not by our color.[36] Pressed by Russert on whether he agreed with Elijah Muhammad’s preaching that whites are “blue-eyed devils”, Farrakhan responded: Well, you have not been saints in the way you have acted toward the darker peoples of the world and toward even your own people. But, in truth, Mr. Russert, any human being who gives themself over to the doing of evil could be considered a devil. In the Bible, in the “Book of Revelation”, it talks about the fall of Babylon. It says Babylon is fallen because she has become the habitation of devils. We believe that that ancient Babylon is a symbol of a modern Babylon, which is America. [citation needed] During the time when Malcolm X was a member and leader of the Nation of Islam, he preached that black people were genetically dominant to white people but were dominated by a system of white supremacy: Thoughtful white people know they are inferior to Black people. Even [Senator James] Eastland knows it. Anyone who has studied the genetic phase of biology knows that white is considered recessive and black is considered dominant. The entire American economy is based on white supremacy. Even the religious philosophies, in essence, white supremacy. A white Jesus. A white Virgin. White angels. White everything. But a black Devil, of course. The “Uncle Sam” political foundation is based on white supremacy, relegating nonwhites to secondclass citizenship. It goes without saying that the social philosophy is strictly white supremacist. And the educational system perpetuates white supremacy.[41] After MalcolmX made his pilgrimage to Mecca, he stated that seeing Muslims of “all colors, from blue-eyed blonds to black-skinned Africans”, interacting as equals led him to see Islam as a means by which racial problems could be overcome. He credits his evolving views on Islam and race as a reason for leaving the Nation of Islam and his decision to convert to Sunni Islam.[42] The Nation of Islam teaches that intermarriage or race mixing should be prohibited. This is point 10 of the official platform, “What the Muslims Want”, published 1965.[43] Farrakhan nevertheless stated in the Tim Russert interview: The mother of the Leader who came to North America to teach us, Fard Muhammad, His mother was a white woman. His father was a black man. So where there is love, love transcends our racial denomination or ethnicity. Love is the great power of transformation. I don’t think that we can say when two people are in love that they shouldn’t marry one another. But I would prefer that the black man and the black woman marry into their own kind.[44] Elijah Muhammad taught his followers about a Mother Plane or Wheel, a UFO that was seen and described in the visions of the prophet Ezekiel in the “Book of Ezekiel”, in the Hebrew Bible. Now as I looked at the living creatures, I saw a wheel on the earth beside the living creatures, one for each of the four of them. As for the appearance of the wheels and their construction: their appearance was like the gleaming of beryl. And the four had the same likeness, their appearance and construction being as it were a wheel within a wheel. When they went, they went in any of their four directions without turning as they went. And their rims were tall and awesome, and the rims of all four were full of eyes all around. Ezekiel 1:1518 (ESV) Farrakhan, commenting on his teacher’s description said the following: The Honorable Elijah Muhammad told us of a giant Mother Plane that is made like the universe, spheres within spheres. White people call them unidentified flying objects (UFOs). Ezekiel, in the Old Testament, saw a wheel that looked like a cloud by day but a pillar of fire by night. The Honorable Elijah Muhammad said that that wheel was built on the island of Nippon, which is now called Japan, by some of the Original scientists. It took $15 billion in gold at that time to build it. It is made of the toughest steel. America does not yet know the composition of the steel used to make an instrument like it. It is a circular plane, and the Bible says that it never makes turns. Because of its circular nature it can stop and travel in all directions at speeds of thousands of miles per hour. He said there are 1,500 small wheels in this Mother Wheel, which is a half mile by a half mile [800 m by 800 m]. This Mother Wheel is like a small human-built planet. Each one of these small planes carry three bombs. The Honorable Elijah Muhammad said these planes were used to set up mountains on the earth. The Qur’an says it like this: We have raised mountains on the earth lest it convulse with you. How do you raise a mountain, and what is the purpose of a mountain? Have you ever tried to balance a tire? You use weights to keep the tire balanced. That’s how the earth is balanced, with mountain ranges. The Honorable Elijah Muhammad said that we have a type of bomb that, when it strikes the earth a drill on it is timed to go into the earth and explode at the height that you wish the mountain to be. If you wish to take the mountain up a mile [1.6 km], you time the drill to go a mile in and then explode. The bombs these planes have are timed to go one mile down and bring up a mountain one mile high, but it will destroy everything within a 50-square-mile [130 km] radius. The white man writes in his above top secret memos of the UFOs. He sees them around his military installations like they are spying. The first book analyzing the Nation of Islam was The Black Muslims in America (1961) by C. Eric Lincoln. Lincoln describes the use of doctrines during religious services: Often the minister reads passages from well-known historical, sociological, or anthropological works, and finds in them inconspicuous references to the black man’s true history in the world…. Occasionally the minister chides the audience for its skepticism: “I know you don’t believe me because I happen to be a black man. Well, you can look it up in a book I’m going to tell you about that was written by a white man.” He then reads off references that his hearers are challenged to check. In recent years, the embrace of Dianetics under Farrakhan has drawn much criticism that the Nation of Islam is becoming too close to the Church of Scientology and the ideas of its founder L. Ron Hubbard, whom Farrakhan has said he respects. Farrakhan has praised Hubbard, saying he was “exceedingly valuable to every Caucasian person on this Earth”. Of followers of Scientology, he stated “You can still be a Christian; you just won’t be a devil Christian. You’ll still be a Jew, but you won’t be a satanic Jew!”[27][28][46] In 1930’s a Japanese national by the name of Satokata Takahashi allegedly promised financial aid and military assistance to African Americans in Detroit if they ‘joined a war against the white race.” In 1938 the FBI charged that Nakane had an influential presence within the NOI, speaking as a guest at temples in Chicago and Detroit. A poster was removed from a raid of Muhammad’s Chicago home that was a copy of a poster removed from Detroit headquarters of Takahashi. The poster was entitled “Calling the Four WInds.” There were images of four guns, each titled “Asia” and they had barrels pointing to the center of the poster, which had an image of the United States. “Calling the Four Winds” is the title of a speech written by Takahashi’s wife.[47] Muhammad engaged in the use of various names to elude federal authorities because they were monitoring Black Muslims for sedition and failure to register for the draft. He used names such as Elijah Karriem, Elijah Evans, Gulam Bogans, Mr. Muck Muck, and Muhammad Rasoul. Muhammad went to prison from 1942-1946 for influencing his followers not to register.[48] The Nation of Islam has repeatedly denied charges of anti-Semitism.[49] Farrakhan has stated, “The ADL… uses the term ‘anti-Semitism’ to stifle all criticism of Zionism and the Zionist policies of the State of Israel and also to stifle all legitimate criticism of the errant behavior of some Jewish people toward the non-Jewish population of the earth.”[50] However, NOI officials and outlets including Farrakhan have also been accused of repeatedly using anti-semitic and homophobic rhetoric, including saying, “It’s the wicked Jews, the false Jews, that are promoting lesbianism, homosexuality. It’s the wicked Jews, false Jews, that make it a crime for you to preach the word of God, then they call you homophobic!”[8] Regarding condemnation for having referred to Adolf Hitler as being a ‘great man’, Farrakhan has said, “I have throughout my life referred to Hitler as a wicked man, yet, the national news media insists that I called him a ‘great man’, with the implied inference that ‘great’ means ‘good’. However, I did refer to him as ‘wickedly great’, in the same sense that Genghis Khan stands out in history.”[51] Professor David W. Leinweber of Emory University asserts that the Nation of Islam engages in revisionist and antisemitic interpretations of the Holocaust and that they exaggerate the role of Jews in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Leinweber and others use the original statements of Farrakhan and others as the basis for their evaluation.[52] NOI Health Minister Abdul Alim Muhammad has accused Jewish doctors of injecting Blacks with the AIDS virus.[53][54] Jeffery Muhammad, the Nation of Islam’s longtime leader in Dallas, Texas, stated: They [Asian-American merchants in black neighborhoods] are just the latest in a long line of people who have come to this country like Jews, Italians, Indians and now Asians who have sucked the blood of and exploited the black community.[55] The NOI obtained substantial funds from the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, notably a $5 million loan used to pay back-taxes and costs for the home of the movement’s former leader Elijah Muhammad and a $3 million loan from Libya in the 1970s to acquire its opulent headquarters on Chicago’s South Side.[61] Libya channeled funds through the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) based in Canada to a Libyan intelligence front in Washington. The money was provided to finance trips to Tripoli by the NOI and American radicals, according to a Canadian parliamentary investigation and a prosecution by the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.[62] “At least one gathering attended by Farrakhan in Libya in violation of a travel ban imposed on Americans by President Reagan after Libya was linked to terrorist attacks in Europe offered training seminars on weapons and explosives.”[63] The Libyans paid $250,000 in travel and other expenses to stage a pro-Gaddafi demonstration in which NOI played a leading role.[64] In 1994, the NOI leader visited Khartoum, where he met with Gen. Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir, the Sudanese head of state and Dr. Hassan Abdullah al-Turabi, who headed Sudan’s ruling party. Farrakhan’s National Assistant Khalid Abdul Muhammed attended the 1995 PAIC meeting. Upon meeting Sheikh Naim Qassem of Hezbollah after a news conference at a Khartoum hotel, Muhammed found a translator to convey his greetings.[citation needed] In 1996, Farrakhan traveled to Iran, Iraq, and Libya, at which time Gaddafi offered him an additional $1 billion. Farrakhan said he would use the money to develop the black community and increase its power in politics. He also denied an earlier report, which originated in the Iranian press, that while in Iran he had said, “God will destroy America by the hands of Muslims. God will not give Japan or Europe the honor of bringing down the United States; this is an honor God will bestow upon Muslims.”[65][66] In August 1996, Farrakhan formally asked the U.S. government to allow him to accept the funds from Libya, a requirement because of sanctions against the African state. His application was denied.[67][68][69] In 2011, shortly after Gaddafi’s death, Farrakhan portrayed Gaddafi as a fellow revolutionary who had lent millions of dollars to the Nation of Islam over the years, “It wasn’t the money, but the principles that made me his brother”.[70][71] The NOI has produced a number of videos promoting anti-American sentiments. NOI video titles include “Conspiracy of the International Bankers”, “Conspiracy of the U.S. Government”, “Controversy with Jews”, and “Which One Will You Choose, the Flag of Islam or the Flag of America?” In one video Farrakhan is said to state, “I hasten to tell you that the precious lives that were lost in the World Trade Center was a cover, a cover for a war that had been planned to bring a pipeline through Afghanistan to bring oil from that region, oil owned by Unocal, of which Dick Cheney is a stock holder.”[72] Farrakhan’s videos also address the U.S. military. During the Millions March in Harlem, Farrakhan discussed the Fort Hood shootings as he addressed the crowd. You don’t join the armed forces to become nation builders. You join the armed forces and they train you to kill. They’re killers. So why did Army major Nidal Malik Hassan, a Muslim psychologist at Fort Hood go on a shooting spree after being assigned to debrief soldiers who came back from the theater of war. He couldn’t take it any more so he shot up the soldiers. They want you to think he was a terrorist. But he was debriefing terrorists. And unfortunately, it took his balance.[73] Controversy over the availability of NOI videos and writings surfaced on June 15, 2011, when Representative Peter King, Chairman of the House Committee on Homeland Security hosted a hearing titled “The Threat of Muslim-American Radicalization in U.S. Prisons”. During the hearing, former Bureau of Prisons director Harley Lappin testified on the extreme susceptibility of radicalization of inmates through propaganda efforts of groups like NOI. Testimony included discussion of an incident in which two radicalized converts planned a terrorist attack on a military facility in Seattle. The suspects had met in prison and had converted to Islam while there. In July 2011, King and Representative Frank Wolf, worried that prisoners were being radicalized by Farrakhan, asked U.S. Bureau of Prisons Acting Director Thomas Kane to remove Nation of Islam material from prisons and to audit all other Islamic texts and sermons made available to inmates as well as bureau procedures for approving such materials.[72] The Final Call is a newspaper published by NOI in Chicago, with news stories on a variety of topics, primarily related to Blacks in America. “The Muslim Program” is published in every issue of the newspaper stating the demands of the Nation of Islam. NOI journalists have written about a range of topics, including conspiracy theories on the assassination of John F. Kennedy and a Central Intelligence Agency conspiracy to disrupt rule in Libya.[74] Harold Muhammad, minister of an NOI New Orleans mosque, wrote in the paper that there is enough evidence that AIDS is a man-made disease being used by the U.S. government against Blacks.[75][unreliable source?]

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Nation of Islam – definition of Nation of Islam by The Free …

New York Congressman Gregory Meeks, who has attended Farrakhan’s events in the past, condemned Farrakhan’s comments, while also apparently deriding conservative critics of the Nation of Islam leader.In addition to the profound legacies of the Nation of Islam and Moorish Science Temple of America among Black male inmates throughout the early to mid-1900s, various Black orthodox Muslim organizations began to visibly impact the Black male prison experience in the 1950s.The head of the Nation of Islam has slammed critics of superstar performer Beyonce.The pan-African hip hop umma is transnational in its focus and commitment, and so, not surprisingly, it demonstrates the “ascendancy of Sunni Islam in black youth culture” (102), rather than the race-based theology of the Nation of Islam, or its splinter group, the Five Percenters.Some members of the Nation of Islam have left the organization because of this alliance while others have stayed emphasizing their trust in Farrakhan’s leadership and the benefit they have received from auditing.It was upon his return from his Hajj that Malcolm broke from the Nation of Islam and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc.Assassinated in 1965, aged just 39, allegedly by members of the Nation of Islam angry that he left the group and exposed corruption in its ranks, Malcolm X was remembered at his Harlem funeral as “our living, black manhood” and as “our own black shining Prince.Summary: Nation of Islam Minister Louis Farrakhan said the “white right” wants U.Washington, Mar 25 (ANI): King of pop Michael Jackson’s associate is said to have threatened auctioneer Darren Julien with harm from the Nation of Islam if they did not stop the auction of the singer’s memorabilia.3) Snoop Dogg supports the Nation of Islam and has praised Minister Louis Farrakhan.When asked by the BBC if he planned to convert and become a member of the Chicago-based Nation of Islam, Snoop indicated he had already taken the plunge.However, they had to pay a heavy price for following Malcolm X when he disassociated himself from the Nation of Islam.

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