Archive for the ‘Anti-Semitism News’ Category

Antisemitism in UK rises

British Jewish watchdog: Anti-Semitic incidents in U.K. up 9% in 2008

By Haaretz Service
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1007372.html
Thu., July 31, 2008 Tamuz 28, 5768

The first six months of 2008 have seen a 9 percent increase in anti-Semitic incidents in the United Kingdom compared to the same period last year, according to a U.K. organization for the defense of British Jewry.

The Community Security Trust (CST) stated in a press release that it recorded 266 anti-Semitic incidents during the first half of 2008. It recorded 244 such cases in the corresponding period in 2007.

According to the organization, the rise was based in smaller Jewish communities beyond the main centers of London and Manchester, and as such may reflect improved reporting from those areas.

CST spokesperson Mark Gardner said: “These figures reflect the fact that
Anti-Semitism can affect British Jews in the smallest communities as well as the largest.”

There was also a significant increase in the number of reported incidents involving students, both on and off campus, the organization stated.

However, the CST did note that the number of violent anti-Semitic assaults has fallen by 24 per cent compared to the first six months of 2007, from 54 to 42 incidents.

Gardner added that, “The rise in anti-Semitic incidents affecting Jewish students is of particular concern and we will work with the Union of Jewish Students, university authorities and the government to tackle what is clearly a growing problem.”

—-

Jewish trust: Anti-Semitic attacks in U.K. soared during Lebanon war

By Assaf Uni, Haaretz Correspondent
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/758156.html
03/09/2006

LONDON – The number of anti-Semitic incidents in Great Britain has risen sharply since the start of the Lebanon war, according to an organization dedicated to the safety of Britain’s Jewish community.

According to Mark Gardner, spokesman of the Community Security Trust, there were over 90 incidents of anti-Semitism in Britain during July, including attacks on Jewish-owned stores, hate mail sent to representatives of the Jewish community and verbal and physical attacks on Jews in public. Over the past few years, the monthly average has been 10 to 30 such attacks.

The British report is merely the latest in a series of reports documenting an increase in anti-Semitic incidents throughout Europe in the past two months.

On Thursday, an all-party parliamentary inquiry into anti-Semitism in Britain will publish a report that is expected to declare anti-Semitism a serious problem and call on the government to fight it. Committee Chair Denis MacShane MP said in Saturday’s London Times that the CST’s figures “confirm the evidence given to us that anti-Semitic attacks are a very real problem.”

Gardner told The Times that the July incidents “were more dispersed than usual,” noting that “it is usually a small number [of people] responsible for a large number of attacks, but these were very widespread across the country and included graffiti attacks on synagogues in Edinburgh and Glasgow.”

Hate mail sent to senior Jewish figures blamed them for the deaths of Lebanese children in Beirut, Gardner told The Times.

The public debate in Britain over the Israel Defense Forces’ operations in Lebanon during the war was heated. It included mass antiwar demonstrations, political denunciations of Israel’s “disproportionate use of force” and attempts to prevent the transfer of American weapons to Israel via Scottish airports.

Last week, Lord Janner was attacked in the House of Lords by fellow peer Lord Bramall during an argument over Israeli actions in Lebanon. “The number of anti-Semitic attacks reflects the mood music around Jews and Israel,” Gardner told The Times.

The past two months have brought a steep increase in reported incidents of anti-Semitism around the world. The Australian Jewish Council reported a fivefold increase in anti-Semitic incidents in the country. Synagogues in Italy and Norway have been defaced and vandalized in recent weeks, and a monitoring organization in the Netherlands reported a “steep rise” in the number of anti-Semitic incidents there.

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Antisemitism at the Pentagon


Pentagon: We thought engineer was Israeli spy because he’s a Jew

By Ofra Edelman, Haaretz Correspondent, and The Associated Press

(Left: David Tenenbaum, age 43, of Southfield, Michigan, is the Orthodox Jew who was accused of betraying United States military secrets to the Israelis back in 1997. (Detroit Free Press, via newscom.com) .)

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1008704.html

Wed., August 06, 2008 Av 5, 5768

The Pentagon has admitted in an internal report that it wrongly accused an army engineer from Michigan of spying for Israel because he was a Jew.

David Tenenbaum of Southfield is an Orthodox Jew and fluent in Hebrew. The Defense Department put him on paid leave in 1997 while it and the FBI investigated his ties to Israel.

He eventually was cleared of leaking military secrets, but says he has been vindicated by the report.

Tenenbaum was hired as an engineer by the U.S. Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command (TACOM) in Warren, Michigan. The Pentagon report said Tenenbaum’s knowledge of Hebrew made him a more attractive candidate, since it would facilitate working with Israel on various joint military projects, the Free Press reported.

“It was well known that Mr. Tenenbaum was Jewish, lived his religious beliefs and by his actions appeared to have a close affinity for Israel,” the Pentagon report, which was released three weeks ago, said. “We believe that Mr. Tenenbaum was subjected to unusual and unwelcome scrutiny because of his faith and ethnic background, a practice that would undoubtedly fit a definition of discrimination.”

In 2000, Tenenbaum filed a lawsuit against the U.S. government, accusing it of employing “Naziesque” surveillance methods against Jews, according to the Detroit Free Press. Tenenbaum, who had sought more than $20 million in damages, said he was the subject of a federal investigation that “literally terrorized” him and his family, according to the Free Press.

Tenenbaum’s lawyer told the Free Press that the investigation led the Army to shelve his client’s Humvee armor project in 1995, a move that he said cost the lives of ill-equipped American soldiers deployed in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Tenenbaum still works at the U.S. Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command in Warren. He told the Detroit Free Press he wants an apology from the Army and his accusers punished.

—-

The Detroit News
Oakland County

Tuesday, August 5, 2008
Southfield

Pentagon affirms that man’s faith led to spy accusations

Army employee was suspected of working for Israel because he was Jewish, a report says.

Gregg Krupa / The Detroit News
http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080805/METRO02/808050351

SOUTHFIELD — A report from the Office of Inspector General of the Pentagon affirms what David Tenenbaum tried to tell people for 11 years: that being a Jew led to the false suspicions he was a spy for Israel.

During an investigation, including interrogations by the FBI in 1997, Tenenbaum was publicly suspected of providing classified information to Israel while he worked for the Tank Automotive and Armaments Command in Warren. Subsequently, the U.S. Department of Justice said it did not have evidence to prosecute, and Tenenbaum retrieved his security clearance — at a higher level. But his lawsuit, aimed at establishing that he was wrongly suspected from the start, in part, because of discrimination, was rejected by federal courts.

“It is kind of hard to get back a reputation,” Tenenbaum said. “When I came back to work in 1998, I was told by high-level people that my career was over. What I have seen is that was true.”

Now, Tenenbaum has a 62-page report from the inspector general of the U.S. Department of Defense declaring that he “was subjected to unusual and unwelcome scrutiny because of his faith and ethnic background.”

The report was issued July 13 after U.S. Sen. Carl Levin, D-Detroit, the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, intervened.

Early newspaper reports of the accusations against Tenenbaum were published based on legal documents that federal officials later said should have been kept under seal.

“He’s gone through hell,” said lawyer Mayer Morganroth. “He still works for TACOM but they don’t give him any meaningful assignments, anymore.”

The inspector general’s report includes an extensive appendix on a program that Tenenbaum had started to make Humvees and other equipment safer for soldiers. The lack of armor in the Humvees has been criticized as causing casualties during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, in which roadside bombs are frequently used.

When he was targeted, Tenenbaum and his lawyers say, the program was closed and never restarted.

“I knew there was a problem and I was working on it,” Tenenbaum said. “The Department of Defense is going to have to explain why, when they knew there was a problem, no one was working on it.”

Officials of the Department of Defense issued no comment Monday on Tenenbaum’s assertions.

—-

ABC News
Law & Justice

Army Engineer Cleared of Spying for Israel

Pentagon Report: Tenenbaum Wrongly Accused of Spying for Israel

http://www.abcnews.go.com/TheLaw/story?id=5516449&page=1
August 5, 2008

DETROIT (AP) – An Army engineer from Michigan says he’s been vindicated by an internal Pentagon report that says he was wrongly accused of spying for Israel.

David Tenenbaum of Southfield is an Orthodox Jew and fluent in Hebrew. The Defense Department put him on paid leave in 1997 while it and the FBI investigated his ties to Israel. He eventually was cleared of leaking military secrets.

The Defense Department’s Inspector General Office reported three weeks ago that Tenenbaum “was subjected to unusual and unwelcome scrutiny because of his faith and ethnic background.”

Tenenbaum still works at the U.S. Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command in Warren. He told the Detroit Free Press he wants an apology from the Army and his accusers punished.

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Muslims attack Jews in France

Muslim immigrants attack three Jewish teens in Paris

By Yair Ettinger, Haaretz Correspondent, Haaretz Service and DPA
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1018853.html
08/09/2008

Three Jewish teens were attacked by a group of Muslim African immigrants in Paris on Saturday evening, a French police spokeswoman said Sunday.

The Jewish teens, ages 17 and 18, who have been identified as Dan Nebet, Kevin Bitan and David Boaziz, are leaders of the Bnei Akiva youth group in Paris’ 19th District.

Thiery Nebet, Dan’s father, told Haaretz over the phone that according to what his son had said, as they were walking down the street, “Four or five Arabs of African origin started to throw walnuts at Kevin. When he went up to them to ask them why they did it, they surrounded him and knocked him down. Kevin and David moved in and very quickly more Arabs joined in and started to beat the three with their fists and with chains.”

The Jewish teens were hospitalized, one with a broken nose and jaw and all three with bruises, and filed a police report after their release. Police opened an investigation and are looking for the Muslim teenagers allegedly responsible for the attacks.

According to the chairman of the Jewish Students Union in France, Raphael Haddad, barrages of stones were thrown at the three teens during the attack. Haddad also said the incident occured on Petit Street in the 19th District, not far from where a 17-yea-ar-old Jewish youth was attacked and seriously injured by immigrants on June 21.

The attack is one of a long series of racial attacks in Europe in general and in France in particular. France has Western Europe’s largest population of both Jews and Muslims.

The assault was condemned by French President Nicolas Sarkozy and was described by Jewish organizations as an act of anti-Semitism. The Jewish Agency’s envoy in Paris, Rafi Zaush, told Army Radio that attacks in the 19th District are common but most incidents are less violent and therefore not reported by the media.

The French ministerial committee to fight racism and anti-Semitism showed concern over the incidents in the 19th District and turned to the mayor, requesting he beef up police presence ahead of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. The French Ministry of the Interior confirmed that the attack was motivated by anti-Semitism, saying the incident ended with relatively little damage.

According to Thiery Nebet a large number of Jews live in the 19th District and, “The atmosphere here is difficult. Now I need to protect our sons so they will not talk a great deal, because that is what we were told by the community’s security people. This time it was my son; it can be anyone. The Jews want to live in peace but it’s impossible with the Arabs here. We go around with a skullcap and that bothers them, but we don’t care. If we have to take off our skullcaps to live better, it’s better to leave now.”

Benjamin Touati, head of the French desk of World Bnei Akiva, said Sunday: “The situation is very worrisome. One hundred meters from the place of the attack is a Chabad school with 1800 female students.”

—-

Jewish teen brutally beaten in apparent anti-Semitic attack in Paris

By Reuters
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/995088.html
22/06/2008

A 17-year-old French Jew was attacked on Saturday night in Paris, an assault condemned by President Nicolas Sarkozy and said by Jewish organizations to be an act of anti-Semitism.

The young man, identified as Rudy Haddad by one Jewish organization, was attacked by youths of African origin, a police source said, and the National Agency of Vigilance Against Anti-emitism said he had been attacked with iron bars.

Police said five youths had been held for questioning, and one police source told Reuters the victim was suffering “serious neurological problems.”

The Union of French Jewish Students said Haddad had been identified as Jewish because he was wearing a kippa (skullcap), and had suffered several broken ribs and a fractured skull and was in intensive care at a hospital in central Paris.

“The victim was wearing a kippa and was on his way back home when his attackers, after identifying him as Jewish, started to beat him,” the union said.

The number of attackers was not known, varying from 6 or 7 to 30, depending on sources. Haddad’s father told French radio RTL there were around 15 attackers.

Two police sources said the attack took place right after a skirmish between two groups of youths, one Jewish and the other of North African origin. They said it was unclear whether Haddad had taken part in the confrontation.

They said such skirmishes were a regular feature in the multi-confessional Buttes Chaumont neighbourhood in the 19th arrondissement of Paris.

The assault was immediately condemned by French President Nicola Sarkozy, who began a three-day visit to Israel on Sunday aimed at reinforcing his
image as an ally of the state.

“[Sarkozy] assures the victim and his family of his support and renews his total determination to fight all forms of racism and anti-Semitism,” said a statement from Sarkozy’s office.

Interior Minister Michele Alliot-Marie expressed her “profound emotion” and announced in a statement the opening of an investigation to determine the circumstances of the attack.

A 23-year-old French Jew, Ilan Halimi, was found naked, tortured and covered in burns near Paris on February 13, 2006, after being held captive for three weeks. He died on the way to the hospital.

The crime shocked France and raised fears of surging anti-Semitism among French Muslims.

In February of this year, another Jewish teenager was tortured in the same town in which Halimi was killed, in yet another anti-Semitic attack.

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Confonting anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism on Facebook, YouTube, Google and the web

Anti-Semitism 2.0 Going Largely Unchallenged

Old-guard groups seen slow in recognizing viral threat from Facebook, YouTube.

by Tamar Snyder
Staff Writer
http://www.thejewishweek.com/viewArticle/c37_a4553/News/National.html
02/20/2008

More than 35,000 people have joined the Facebook group “Israel is not a country! … Delist it from Facebook as a country!”

Type “Jew” into the search function on YouTube, and you’ll discover a host of anti-Semitic videos, including “911 Jew Spy Scandal 3” and a video clip in which National Polish Party’s Leszek Bubel declares himself a “proud anti-Semite.”

And Google Earth, the satellite-mapping program, recently came under fire when officials from Kiryat Yam filed a lawsuit against Google after the Internet giant refused to take down a note posted by user Thameen Darby claiming that the northern Israeli town was founded on the remains of the Arab village of Ghawarina.

This is the new face of anti-Semitism: Anti-Semitism 2.0. And it’s potentially more hazardous than the relatively straightforward smear campaigns and petitions of yesteryear.

Web 2.0 applications such as Facebook, YouTube, Wikipedia and Google Earth thrive on communities in which users generate and share information in the form of videos, photos and blog posts, which are subject to vague terms of service and seemingly arbitrary censorship.

This leaves the door open for anti-Semites across the globe to co-opt these applications to spread messages of hate, often failing to distinguish between Jews and Israel when comparing Jews to Nazis and Israel to apartheid South Africa, observers say.

“This phenomena is spreading anti-Semitism and acceptability of anti-Semitism in new and increasingly effective ways,” says Andre Oboler, a Legacy Heritage Fellow who runs ZionismOnTheWeb.org and is a post-doctoral fellow studying online public diplomacy at Bar-Ilan University.

“Now in the Web 2.0 world, the social acceptability of anti-Semitism can be spread, public resistance lowered and hate networks rapidly established,” Oboler said.

What’s worse, Oboler contends, Jewish organizations are behind the times and are not devoting the resources necessary to stop the hate virus from spreading.

Many at the helm of these large organizations have yet to sign up for a Facebook account, don’t spend much time on YouTube and aren’t all that sure what Google Earth is.

“Community leaders tend to be the sort of people who are too busy to spend time looking at YouTube videos,” Oboler says. “They are very, very focused on old media, which is a bit strange, since a lot of people their age are online.”

The average American YouTube viewer is 39, and 33.5 percent of Facebook users are between 35 and 54 years old.

The more tech-savvy among community leaders realize just how grave the situation is — but have all but shaken their heads at the impossibility of making a dent in the large volume of hate messages being spread. As Myrna Shinbaum, spokeswoman for the Anti-Defamation League retorted, “We can’t sit here all day monitoring YouTube and Facebook.” (The organization does report objectionable material to service providers. “But the minute they do the right thing and pull something down, another pops up,” says Deborah Lauter, ADL’s national civil rights director. “It takes constant vigilance and policing.”)

Yet we live in a world in which “truth” often belongs to the Web site with the highest Google ranking and the most hits, regardless of its credibility. Therefore, anti-Semitism 2.0 is arguably far more serious than its previous Web incarnations. And when it comes to social networking sites, the stakes are higher since the reach is that much greater, Oboler contends.

On Facebook, for example, information spreads in a viral fashion. When users join a group or sign up to promote a cause, their friends are automatically notified in their “news feeds.” They then have the option of joining, too, spreading the message even further. “The message thus spreads not only across geographic boundaries, but also across social groups,” explains Oboler.

The “Israel is not a country!” group, for example, attracted 35,000 members as of press time. Assuming each member has approximately 150 friends (a lowball estimate), then the group — which decries Israel as an apartheid regime and claims that Israel has no right to exist — will have been advertised to more than 5.25 million people.

In response, several Facebook users established counter-groups, such as the “Palestine is not a country” and even “causes” such as “Facebook needs to delete the group ‘Israel is a terrorist country we all hate Israel!’” which more than 19,000 people have joined. Although “Israel is not a country!” no longer shows up in search results, “Israel: Terrorist State,” “I Hate Israel,” and some 75 groups like it still exist.

With larger Jewish organizations largely failing to combat anti-Semitism 2.0, much of the legwork has been left to individuals (many of them under 40) who lack both financial backing and the time to devote themselves fully to tracking and wiping out anti-Semitism in this new medium for spreading hate. “They see something, get annoyed and have to do something about it,” Oboler says. “But there’s no greater strategy behind it.”

Dovid, an Orthodox businessman in his late 30s, is one of the lone rangers on YouTube, the video-sharing Web site that — according to Alexa, a company that measures Web traffic — is the second-most visited site on the Web. He has posted more than 150 pro-Israel videos on YouTube, generating more than 1.3 million video views — and thousands of hateful and insidious comments (which is why he requested that The Jewish Week not print his last name).

“A little over a year ago, I was searching YouTube and there was so much really, really vile stuff out there,” he says. So he posted trailers from the 2005 movie “Obsession: Radical Islam’s War Against the West.”

“I wanted to get the message out there,” he says.

Using the name “CheckItOutNowNYC,” he continued to spend hours each week searching for videos that highlighted a positive image of Israel and the Jews, including one featuring Bob Dylan performing “Hava Nagilah.” More than 50,000 people have viewed his video, “See the Humane Treatment of a Palestinian Woman by Israel,” a three-minute NBC News clip about a female suicide bomber who entered Israel using a special medical permit but was caught with 20 pounds of explosives.

Dovid labels each video with background information and resources for those interested in learning more. The number of page views is staggering, as are the more than 100 comments he receives a day. But it’s very time-consuming, he says.

“I wish there were 50 guys like me downloading videos and reposting them,” Dovid said.

He’s since posted videos promoting Jewish organizations including Nefesh B’Nefesh and Efrat C.R.I.B. (Committee for the Rescue of Israel’s Babies). Yet he wonders why these organizations aren’t creating their own YouTube channel and posting their videos themselves.

“Super-large Jewish organizations are really slow,” he says. “But the goal is to get the videos out there. We need Jews to take a proactive stance to educate the public.”

A few Jewish organizations are warming up to Facebook. The Consulate General of Israel in New York and the Embassy of Israel in Washington, D.C., both have Facebook pages, but they’ve each garnered less than 1,000 “fans.” The ADL has a Facebook page, too, but it’s a rather dormant unofficial page created by a high school student.

Among the handful of organizations that are first beginning to explore social networking as a possible avenue for promotion, most lack a comprehensive understanding of how Web 2.0 works.
“Various organizations have a policy that they won’t link to other sites,” Oboler says. “This is counterproductive. Web 2.0 is about sharing. The way a Web site gets popular is partly related to the number of links and how high up they are on Google.”

“Organizations — especially the younger ones — are now realizing that Facebook, YouTube and other such Web sites are an important medium for reaching out to Jewish and non-Jewish students alike to talk about Israel,” said Dani Klein, campus director of the pro-Israel activism group StandWithUs. StandWithUs often records on-campus events and lectures and posts them on the Web.

“There will be 50 to 100 people in the room hearing the lecture, but the number of people who can watch it on the Web grows exponentially,” Klein said.

Since 2005, StandWithUs has been actively using Web 2.0 to connect with Jewish and pro-Israel students on campus. It created a Facebook page, posts events and uploaded videos to the Web site, including the protest against Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadenijad’s speech at Columbia University. In addition to the StandWithUs Facebook page, the organization created a Facebook page for Israel, where Klein posts YouTube videos highlighting Israel’s technological innovations and humanitarian efforts, as well as important links and resources.

In what may be viewed as a hopeful sign, the organization is in the process of creating a multinational online task force to monitor Facebook, YouTube and other Web 2.0 applications and find problematic videos and groups that need responses. The task force would then work on posting educated, rational comments on these pages, hoping to sway those who joined anti-Israel groups out of peer pressure.

“The people who started these groups are most likely in the top 10 percent who are staunchly anti-Israel,” Klein said, adding that they are probably not easily swayed. Instead, StandWithUs will reach out to the majority of the group, who he calls “casual Palestinian supporters” who joined because their friends invited them or because “it’s hip to be anti-Israel.”

“We’ve always known it was a problem,” said Klein. “As individuals, we try to combat it. But we need to do more.”

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Palestinians depicting Jews as enemies

Cartoon film on Nakba describes Jews as ‘enemies of homeland’
By Reuters
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/982336.html
Tue., May 13, 2008 Iyyar 8, 5768

Jewish fighters are shown shooting Palestinians and bombing their villages in an animated film by Gaza-based women marking 60 years since Israel was founded and hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were displaced.

“The Tale of a Key” describes the Jews as “enemies of the religion and enemies of the homeland” and is meant to highlight what the illustrators called the “holy” right of dispossessed Palestinians to return to land that is now part of Israel.

The women behind the film, who run a production company in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip, say they are not politically aligned but want to teach Palestinian children and adults about the events that drove them from their homeland.

“It tells of the suffering, the killing and displacement,” said Moamena Abu Hamda, director of the JohaToon company in Gaza City. “It shows that the Palestinian people did not leave their land by their own will but they were forced to do it.”

Hamas’s Al-Aqsa Television drew Israeli and international censure last year for using cartoons and puppet-shows featuring Mickey Mouse and Lion King lookalikes to illustrate the Islamist movement’s battle against Israel, which it does not recognise.

JohaToon plans to screen the 32-minute film, which it says is for adults as well as children, in Gaza this month and hopes to market it in other Arab countries and further afield.

Some 700,000 Palestinians fled or were expelled from their homes in the war that led to the founding of Israel in 1948.

About 4.5 million refugees and their descendents now live in squalid camps in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

Most of the Gaza Strip’s 1.5 million residents are either refugees or their descendants and live in eight densely populated camps and four cities.

Refugees cling to a “right of return” and their fate is one of the thorniest issues facing negotiators who are trying to reach a deal this year to create a Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank — land Israel occupied in 1967 Middle East war.

While Israel celebrates its 60th birthday with fireworks, parties and military display this month, Palestinians hold rallies to mourn the “Nakba”, or “catastrophe” of displacement and to highlight the refugee problem.

Abu Hamda insisted “The Tale of the Key” – which refers to the keys many Palestinians carry as symbols of their lost homes – was not meant to incite violence against Israelis but to recount stories passed down from previous generations.

“We have laid down facts as we heard them from our grandfathers and grandmothers,” Abu Hamda told Reuters. “We told the tale as we heard and as people saw it.”

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

2007 rise in Anti-semitism

Anti-Semitic incidents in Canada hit record high in 2007

By Rhonda Spivak
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/989445.html
Tue., June 03, 2008 Iyyar 29, 5768

WINNIPEG – Anti-Semitic incidents in Canada hit a record high in 2007, according to a recently released report by the League of Human Rights of B’nai Brith Canada.

The group recorded 1,042 anti-Semitic incidents in Canada in 2007, up 11.4% since 2006. A 59.1% increase was noted on Canadian college and university campuses.

In Montreal, anti-Semitic incidents increased 16 percent from 2006 to 2007, and regional Quebec showed a significant increase of 282 percent from the previous year.

The study also showed that over the past 10 years anti-Semitic incidents have jumped 400 percent in Canada.

Nearly 30 percent of all incidents in 2007 were attributed to internet activity. Of these, nearly one-third involved threatening or harassing communications.

Synagogues were targeted in 22 incidents, in Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Edmonton, Richmond British Columbia, Hamilton and Barrie, Ontario. There were 28 incidents of violence in 2007, down from 30 in 2006. Incidents of harassment were up from 588 in 2006 to 699 in 2007.

“The 2007 findings indicate that anti-Semitism is not just at the fringes of Canadian society,” Frank Dimant, executive vice-president of B’nai Brith Canada said in a news release. He also noted that incidents are no longer “primarily confined to urban centers.”

—-

Anti-Semitic incidents rise in Germany, Australia, U.S. in 2007

By Anshel Pfeffer and Asaf Uni, Haaretz Correspondent
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/948267.html
Thu., February 21, 2008 Adar1 15, 5768

The annual global report on anti-Semitism being presented to the cabinet Sunday morning points to a rise in anti-Semitic incidents in Germany, Australia, the United States and Ukraine together with an overall decrease in Western Europe. The largest number of incidents were recorded in Britain, followed by France.

Under pressure from Diaspora Jewish community leaders, particularly the Board of Deputies of British Jews, it was decided this year not to cite numbers of incidents but only to report general trends. In previous years there were discrepancies between the numbers in the Israeli report and data published by other countries.

The report, a joint government and Jewish Agency project, indicates a decline in anti-Semitic incidents in 2007 after the steep jump registered for 2006 in the wake of the Second Lebanon War. In countries where an increase did occur, such as Germany and Australia, this was tied to the strengthening of the radical right, along with aggression by local Muslim communities.

Rising anti-Semitic incidents in the U.S., including a 30-percent increase in New York, is also associated with racist activity by right-wing extremist groups.

In Ukraine, last year saw a move from spontaneous anti-Semitic acts to more organized activity within parties with anti-Semitic platforms and the distribution of anti-Semitic propaganda at universities and colleges. Contrary to President Victor Yushchenko’s declarations during his visit to Israel two months ago, the government only recently began countering such activity.

Similar trends can be seen in other Eastern European countries. Anti-Semitism is rife in Russia, alongside general racism and xenophobia, but the central government has cracked down on the phenomenon over the past year.

The security director for the Board of Deputies of British Jews, Michael Whine, declined to comment on Britain’s topping the list of anti-Semitic incidents in the Israeli report, saying only, “we are still going over our data.”

In related news, the Muslim Council of Britain will participate for the first time in today’s National Holocaust Memorial Day, chosen for the date that Auschwitz was liberated. The large umbrella organization decided two months ago to end its six-year boycott of the memorial day, a decision that followed accusations in recent years by the British government and Jewish organizations that its positions were anti-Semitic.

The city of Liverpool will host the main event, where speakers will include Britain’s Chief Rabbi, Sir Jonathan Sacks and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Rowan Williams.

—-

Report: British Jews facing more anti-Semitic sentiment than ever

By Assaf Uni, Haaretz Correspondent
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/759754.html
Mon., February 18, 2008 Adar1 12, 5768

LONDON – Britain’s Jewish community faces an unprecedented level of anti-Semitism and feels more threatened than ever, according to the report of the all-party parliamentary inquiry into anti-Semitism, which is to be released Thursday.

The panel found an increase in “anti-Semitic discourse,” particularly among leftist groupings, and recommends a series of actions to prevent the situation from deteriorating further.

Panel chairman Denis MacShane, who will present the report’s conclusions to Prime Minister Tony Blair Thursday, told Haaretz Wednesday that the report rings the “alarm bells” for Britain.
The committee was created about a year ago in order “to investigate the current problem, identify the sources of contemporary anti-Semitism and make recommendations that we believe will improve the current situation.”

Over 100 written statements were submitted to the 14 committee members, who span the political spectrum. Experts, politicians and public figures testified before the panel in four separate hearings.

The panel was initiated by members of Parliament and not intended to be an official inquiry.

According to the report, the number of anti-Semitic incidents reported in Britain has risen since 2000, accompanied by a decline in public support for Jews.

The panel attributed the escalation to flare-ups in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict (but did not specify a direct connection), as well as the “anti-Semitic discourse” being held openly among Muslims, the extreme left and, to a lesser extent, the extreme right.

“It is this phenomenon that has contributed to an atmosphere where Jews have become more anxious and more vulnerable to abuse and attack than at any other time for a generation or longer,” the report said.

“We are ringing the alarm bells for Britain,” MacShane told Haaretz, to tell the people that the country’s Jews are unable to live lives free of fear and to enjoy cultural, community and religious life without the constant fear of being attacked.

He said that one of the most important findings of the panel is that most Britons are simply unaware of the serious problem of anti-Semitism in their country.

Great Britain is home to 300,000 Jews, two-thirds of whom live in the Greater London area. The recommendations in the 66-page report include better reporting of anti-Semitic incidents on the part of the police and an investigation of why only ten percent of such incidents result in a suspect being accused.

“The Panel recommends that the Home Office require police forces nationwide to record such incidents using the current Metropolitan police model of categorizing such incidents as both racist and anti-Semitic.”

It “calls on the Department for Communities and Local Government to commission an annual survey of attitudes and tensions between Britain’s communities to be monitored by the Commission for Racial Equality,” and places great emphasis on combating anti-Semitism on university campuses and on limiting “traditional broadcast and internet access to racist, including anti-Semitic, material.”

One of the more interesting chapters of the report deals with the public mood in Britain, which, according to the authors, changes markedly “when Jews are discussed, whether in print or broadcast, at universities, or in public or social settings.”

The report warns against the growth of a “new anti-Semitism” that transfers the traditional stereotypes about Jews to Israel, as a Zionist state. “We heard evidence that contemporary anti-Semitism in Britain is now more commonly found on the left of the political spectrum than on the right.”

MacShane believes that the academic boycott of Israel by the Association of University Teachers (which was later reversed) and the decision by the Anglican Church to re-examine its investments in companies with ties to the Israel Defense Forces contribute to anti- Semitism.

He said the decision to focus on Israel while ignoring all the non-democratic regimes in the world is hypocritical and contributes to the Jews’ feeling like “second-class citizens” who are spurned by certain elements in the country.

The publication of the report coincides with the celebration this month of the 350th anniversary of the Jewish presence in Britain. “I’ve been here for 11 years and I never thought it would get so bad,” said Linda Cohen, an Israeli who was assaulted about two weeks ago in an anti-Semitic incident in the largely Jewish London neighborhood of Golders Green.

Cohen, the owner of a Jewish-Israeli cafe, said, “I didn’t know there was anti-Semitism in Britain until two young men assaulted me verbally and physically after asking whether this was a Jewish cafe.”

According to the report, anti-Semitism in contemporary Britain is a complex issue. “Anti-Semitism is not one-dimensional. It is perpetrated in different ways by different groups within society and for this reason it is hard to identify.”

MacShane hopes the report will draw a lot of attention to the situation of Britain’s Jewish community. He says another MP on the committee told him that his constituents are completely unaware of the things heard by the panel over the last year.

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Antisemitism in modern France grows

Jewish teen brutally beaten in apparent anti-Semitic attack in Paris

By Reuters
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/995088.html
Sun., June 22, 2008 Sivan 19, 5768

A 17-year-old French Jew was attacked on Saturday night in Paris, an assault condemned by President Nicolas Sarkozy and said by Jewish organizations to be an act of anti-Semitism.

The young man, identified as Rudy Haddad by one Jewish organization, was attacked by youths of African origin, a police source said, and the National Agency of Vigilance Against Anti-emitism said he had been attacked with iron bars.

Police said five youths had been held for questioning, and one police source told Reuters the victim was suffering “serious neurological problems.”

The Union of French Jewish Students said Haddad had been identified as Jewish because he was wearing a kippa (skullcap), and had suffered several broken ribs and a fractured skull and was in intensive care at a hospital in central Paris.

“The victim was wearing a kippa and was on his way back home when his attackers, after identifying him as Jewish, started to beat him,” the union said.

The number of attackers was not known, varying from 6 or 7 to 30, depending on sources. Haddad’s father told French radio RTL there were around 15 attackers.

Two police sources said the attack took place right after a skirmish between two groups of youths, one Jewish and the other of North African origin. They said it was unclear whether Haddad had taken part in the confrontation.

They said such skirmishes were a regular feature in the multi-confessional Buttes Chaumont neighbourhood in the 19th arrondissement of Paris.

The assault was immediately condemned by French President Nicola Sarkozy, who began a three-day visit to Israel on Sunday aimed at reinforcing his image as an ally of the state.

“[Sarkozy] assures the victim and his family of his support and renews his total determination to fight all forms of racism and anti-Semitism,” said a statement from Sarkozy’s office.

Interior Minister Michele Alliot-Marie expressed her “profound emotion” and announced in a statement the opening of an investigation to determine the circumstances of the attack.

A 23-year-old French Jew, Ilan Halimi, was found naked, tortured and covered in burns near Paris on February 13, 2006, after being held captive for three weeks. He died on the way to the hospital.

The crime shocked France and raised fears of surging anti-Semitism among French Muslims.

In February of this year, another Jewish teenager was tortured in the same town in which Halimi was killed, in yet another anti-Semitic attack.

—-

Jewish teen tortured in French town where Ilan Halimi was killed

By Daniel Ben Simon, Haaretz Correspondent
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/961212.html
Wed., May 28, 2008 Iyyar 23, 5768

The incident of brutal abuse began at 10 A.M. on February 22. Mathieu Roumi, 19, whose father is Jewish, was strolling through his neighborhood in the Paris suburb of Bagneux, which has been the site of violent riots by immigrants in the past two years. The suburb became notorious as the scene of Ilan Halimi’s 2006 murder, which horrified France.

Roumi ran into two youths he knew. They discussed a sum of money that he supposedly owed them. An argument ensued, after which they beat him and, with the help of a third friend, dragged him to a dark basement. The three assailants were joined by three other youths, all neighborhood residents and neighbors of Roumi.

For two hours the attackers tortured the young man. One shoved cigarette butts into his mouth, another took issue with Roumi’s Jewish origin, grabbed correction fluid and scrawled “dirty Jew” on his forehead. The six men proceeded to scream at him and threaten that he would die the way Halimi did.

They identified themselves as members of the “Barbarians,” the same gang that kidnapped Halimi from his store, demanded ransom for his release, and when that was not forthcoming, tortured the 23-year-old over the course of three weeks. Moments after he was dumped on the street, Halimi died.

Roumi told police investigators that throughout his ordeal, his assailants employed measures with sexual and sadistic connotations. When the issue of his sexual orientation arose, one of them placed a condom on the tip of a stick and shoved it in Roumi’s mouth.

“We admire Youssouf Fofana!” they shouted at him, referring to the leader of the gang that murdered Halimi. Fofana and 29 other suspects are on trial for abduction, torture and murder. If convicted, they can expect a life sentence.

Roumi’s life was spared because one of the assailants, who owned the basement space, had to leave and take the key with him. Roumi was set free and returned home, battered and broken. When he got to his parent’s home, they sent him immediately for a medical examination.

The next day Roumi went to the police. In a matter of hours, the six assailants were arrested. Most are in their 20s, two come from Muslim homes, two are “fully” French, and another two are African and Portuguese immigrants. They told interrogators that they had not meant to hurt Roumi.

Sami Gozlan, a former police investigator appointed by the Jewish community to monitor anti-Semitic incidents, visited the Roumi family the day after the incident.

“The family was in a terrible state,” he told Haaretz Wednesday. “The father was weeping like a baby and couldn’t believe that such a thing could happen to his son in France. The mother was also deeply upset. They told me that their younger children were forced to stay with relatives outside the neighborhood. Mathieu himself is still in shock.”

“Sadly the lesson of Halimi’s murder has not been learned,” Gozlan added. “The fact that angry immigrant youth can kidnap a Jew in broad daylight and abuse him proves that the lesson has yet to be learned.”

Jewish organizations condemned the attack and urged the authorities to increase police vigilance in mixed immigrant neighborhoods, where fear of attacks against Jews runs especially high.

—-

Swastika drawn on French Jewish woman in anti-Semitic attack

By Yair Ettinger, Haaretz Correspondent
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/852843.html
Last update – 16:36 27/04/2007

A young Jewish woman was viciously attacked on Thursday by unidentified assailants in a train station in Marseilles. The attack was described by one observer as the “worst anti-Semitic incident in France since the murder of Ilan Halimi” over a year ago.

French police investigating the incident have imposed a gag order on all details of the attack, but David Roche, a Jewish Agency representative in France who is in touch with officials there said the incident is being described as an anti-Semitic attack.

According to details received from Roche, the attack occured in the afternoon when a 22-year-old woman arrived at the metro station of the La Rose district – which has a mixed Muslim and Jewish community.

According to reports, two unidentified men of Middle Eastern appearance approached the woman and began abusing her. At some point, they began hitting her, and one report states that she was dragged by the hair.

When they saw a Star of David on her neck, they lifted her shirt and drew a cross on her abdomen. One of the witnesses said it was a swastika.

The two assailants fled the scene.

In a telephone interview from Paris, Roche told Haaretz that Marseilles police have set up a special investigation squad and are searching the La Rose district.

The young woman gave testimony to the police for many hours, and sources at the Jewish Agency say she was confused and found it difficult to tell her story.

—-

Halimi murder sparks increased interest in immigration among French Jews

By Amiram Barkat
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=696519
Last update – 01:40 21/03/2006

The number of French Jews who are looking into the possibility of immigrating to Israel has doubled since the torture-slaying of Ilan Halimi last month. According to David Roche, European general director for the Jewish Agency, since the murder, dozens of French Jews have contacted the Jewish Agency to inquire about immigration.

In 2005, some 3,000 French Jews moved to Israel, compared to 2,400 in 2004.

Jewish Agency chairman Ze’ev Bielski, who is currently visiting Jewish communities in France, met yesterday with Jewish leaders, who told him of their concerns in the aftermath of the murder. Bielski also met with Halimi’s mother, Ruth, and offered the Jewish Agency’s assistance to her and the rest of the family.

“There is no hysteria among France’s Jews,” Bielski said, “but there is certainly an upturn in the number of people taking an interest in visiting Israel, as well as in housing and employment.

“The issue of employment is of the most concern,” he added.

—-

21 charged with kidnap, murder of Jewish man

By Haaretz Correspondent and Reuters , By Daniel Ben-Simon
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/955962.html
Thu., February 21, 2008 Adar1 15, 5768

Twenty-one people will be tried in France for the 2006 kidnapping and murder of Ilan Halimi, a French Jew, in a trial expected to generate a great deal of interest in the country’s Jewish and African communities.

Another seven suspects face trial for failing to report a crime, while one will be tried in a court for children because she was under 16 at the time of the attack on Halimi.

Halimi, 23, was found naked, tortured and covered in burns near Paris on February 13, 2006, after being held captive for three weeks in a crime that shocked France and raised fears of surging anti-Semitism among French Muslims. He died of his injuries soon afterward.

The African community, which gave rise to the self-styled “gang of barbarians” accused of killing Halimi, says the suspects were motivated by money rather than anti-Semitism. The suspects include Muslim immigrants from North Africa, and immigrants from Congo and the Ivory Coast.

The self-proclaimed “brain of the Barbarians,” Youssouf Fofana, was eventually arrested in the Ivory Coast. Fofana told police that he led the gang and organized Halimi’s kidnapping, but has denied killing him. If he is convicted, he is expected to receive a life sentence.

Fofana and 18 other suspects are in jail pending the trial, which will be heard before a juvenile court because some were youths at the time of the attack. The other suspects have blamed Fofana for the abduction and murder, telling police he recruited them to the gang and that they joined because they didn’t have anything better to do.

“We were bored,” one of the suspects said.

No trial date was set, and a judicial source said it might not be held until 2009.

Police say the gang attempted to kidnap several Jewish youths before capturing Halimi. They then sent a series of ransom demands to his parents, asking for as much as 450,000 euros, but lengthy negotiations failed to secure his release.

The kidnappers used a pretty young woman – a blonde of Iranian descent – to entice Halimi into a trap, dragging the telephone salesman to a cellar where they proceeded to beat and torment him. Police investigators said the kidnappers acted with indescribable cruelty.

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

France: Two Arabs and a black man from a Muslim gang arrested and charged with assault

Arab Primary Suspect in Assault on French Jew

By Arnon Yaffeh, Paris
Dei’ah veDibur: Information and Insight
14 Tammuz 5768 – July 17, 2008
http://chareidi.shemayisrael.com/afrancepnc68.htm

Two Arabs and a black man from a Muslim gang were arrested and charged with assaulting Rudy Ilan Haddad, 17, in Paris’ 19th arrondissement. The first brought before the police lineup was a hulking skinhead who was identified as a career soldier in the French military. Fouad O., 26, was brought before the investigating judge as the primary suspect who allegedly struck Ilan Haddad on the head with a metal rod as he was on his way to the shul. The Arab soldier continued hitting the victim even after he lost consciousness, nearly killing him.

Last week policemen raided his parents’ apartment, but didn’t find him there. Later armed policemen arrested him while sleeping in his quarters at a French Air Force base, where he serves as a technician.

The fact that this time the French police made a concerted effort to arrest a suburban Arab who attacked a Jew indicates a change in government policy. Previously the government would try to downplay the severity of violent attacks against Jews. Still, the press is depicting the assault as a fight between Muslim and Jewish gangs.

According to reports President Sarkozy himself ordered the three arrested. The judge charged Fouad with “attempted murder and collective violence with antisemitic overtones under aggravated circumstances,” as the charge sheet reads, and ordered his arrest for interrogation. The antisemitism she noted makes the charges more severe. His parents claimed he lived on the violent fringes of society until he enlisted in the military as a technician.

Another Muslim, referred to as Sekou M., is facing the same charges. He admits he was present when the group of Arabs and Africans attacked Haddad, but claims he stood off to the side and was not among the three assailants. The police reported he has a criminal record. The third suspect, a 27-year-old from Mali, was accused of injuring another Jew on that same Shabbos with a machete. Despite being charged with excessive violence he was released immediately. The judge rejected the prosecutor’s request to keep him in custody as a menace. She also released four other suspects following their arrests for interrogation.

Despite the grave-sounding charges the assailants won’t rot in jail for years pending trial, as is common in France, sometimes even in the case of light charges. But not for assaulting Jews. Five other Arabs charged with attempted murder were released one day after their arrest and were back on the streets. Judges don’t stand up to the pressure, taking pity on the assailants and releasing them from custody.

The background and ages of the three suspects disprove reporters’ claim the attack was part of a turf battle between local gangs, since the suspects are already several years past adolescence. Still, journalists insist on referring to them as “youths.”

The victim, Rudy Haddad, was discharged from the hospital. His mother reports he suffers from memory loss and headaches. She accused the press of disseminating false reports. Her son was making his way to the synagogue alone when he was attacked and does not belong to a gang, not even Beitar. He had never been involved in gang fights. “It’s not enough that they almost killed my son, but now they’re also defaming him and tainting his reputation,” she told a Jewish radio station.

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Antisemitism in UK rises

British Jewish watchdog: Anti-Semitic incidents in U.K. up 9% in 2008By Haaretz Servicehttp://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1007372.html Thu., July 31, 2008 Tamuz 28, 5768The first six months of 2008 have seen a 9 percent increase in anti-Semitic incidents in the United Kingdom compared to the same period last year, according to a U.K. organization for the defense of British […]

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Antisemitism at the Pentagon

Pentagon: We thought engineer was Israeli spy because he’s a JewBy Ofra Edelman, Haaretz Correspondent, and The Associated Press(Left: David Tenenbaum, age 43, of Southfield, Michigan, is the Orthodox Jew who was accused of betraying United States military secrets to the Israelis back in 1997. (Detroit Free Press, via newscom.com) .)http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1008704.htmlWed., August 06, 2008 Av […]

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Muslims attack Jews in France

Muslim immigrants attack three Jewish teens in ParisBy Yair Ettinger, Haaretz Correspondent, Haaretz Service and DPAhttp://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1018853.html 08/09/2008Three Jewish teens were attacked by a group of Muslim African immigrants in Paris on Saturday evening, a French police spokeswoman said Sunday.The Jewish teens, ages 17 and 18, who have been identified as Dan Nebet, Kevin Bitan and […]

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Confonting anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism on Facebook, YouTube, Google and the web

Anti-Semitism 2.0 Going Largely UnchallengedOld-guard groups seen slow in recognizing viral threat from Facebook, YouTube.by Tamar SnyderStaff Writerhttp://www.thejewishweek.com/viewArticle/c37_a4553/News/National.html02/20/2008More than 35,000 people have joined the Facebook group “Israel is not a country! … Delist it from Facebook as a country!”Type “Jew” into the search function on YouTube, and you’ll discover a host of anti-Semitic videos, including […]

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Palestinians depicting Jews as enemies

Cartoon film on Nakba describes Jews as ‘enemies of homeland’By Reutershttp://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/982336.html Tue., May 13, 2008 Iyyar 8, 5768Jewish fighters are shown shooting Palestinians and bombing their villages in an animated film by Gaza-based women marking 60 years since Israel was founded and hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were displaced.“The Tale of a Key” describes the […]

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

2007 rise in Anti-semitism

Anti-Semitic incidents in Canada hit record high in 2007By Rhonda Spivakhttp://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/989445.html Tue., June 03, 2008 Iyyar 29, 5768WINNIPEG – Anti-Semitic incidents in Canada hit a record high in 2007, according to a recently released report by the League of Human Rights of B’nai Brith Canada.The group recorded 1,042 anti-Semitic incidents in Canada in 2007, up […]

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

Antisemitism in modern France grows

Jewish teen brutally beaten in apparent anti-Semitic attack in ParisBy Reutershttp://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/995088.html Sun., June 22, 2008 Sivan 19, 5768A 17-year-old French Jew was attacked on Saturday night in Paris, an assault condemned by President Nicolas Sarkozy and said by Jewish organizations to be an act of anti-Semitism.The young man, identified as Rudy Haddad by one Jewish […]

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed

France: Two Arabs and a black man from a Muslim gang arrested and charged with assault

Arab Primary Suspect in Assault on French JewBy Arnon Yaffeh, ParisDei’ah veDibur: Information and Insight14 Tammuz 5768 – July 17, 2008http://chareidi.shemayisrael.com/afrancepnc68.htmTwo Arabs and a black man from a Muslim gang were arrested and charged with assaulting Rudy Ilan Haddad, 17, in Paris’ 19th arrondissement. The first brought before the police lineup was a hulking skinhead […]

Fair Usage Law

September 21, 2009   Posted in: Anti-Semitism News  Comments Closed


Fair Use Disclaimer

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."

Under the 'fair use' rule of copyright law, an author may make limited use of another author's work without asking permission. Fair use is based on the belief that the public is entitled to freely use portions of copyrighted materials for purposes of commentary and criticism. The fair use privilege is perhaps the most significant limitation on a copyright owner's exclusive rights.

Fair use as described at 17 U.S.C. Section 107:

"Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phono-records or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include:

  • (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for or nonprofit educational purposes,
  • (2) the nature of the copyrighted work,
  • (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole, and
  • (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work."