Archive for the ‘Anti-Semitism’ Category

Leo Frank killed Mary Phagan, says grand-niece

By Clint Williams, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

The 1915 lynching of Leo Frank, convicted of murdering 13-year-old Mary Phagan, is the stuff of books, movies and now a Broadway play.

None of them, says Mary Kean, get it right.

“The inaccuracies bother me,” says Kean, who has been a student of the infamous case since she herself was a 13-year-old girl named Mary Phagan after her great-aunt.

The first Mary Phagan was found strangled to death at the National Pencil Factory in Atlanta on April 27, 1913.

Leo Frank, the factory’s manager, was convicted on the testimony of janitor Jim Conley, who said Frank ordered him to hide Mary’s body in the factory basement and plant a note on the body blaming the crime on “a light-skinned Negro.”

In August 1915, days after his death sentence was commuted to life in prison, a group of about two dozen men from Marietta snatched Frank from the Georgia Work Farm Prison in Milledgeville. Frank was lynched from an oak tree on Frey Gin Road in Marietta.

The musical “Parade,” which opened in New York in December and is expected to run through April, takes the position of many other retellings of the crime: that Frank was wrongly accused and the victim of virulent anti-Semitism. In most dramatic accounts, the death of Mary Phagan is little more than a plot device that triggers the chain of events leading to the lynching, the focus of “Parade.”

“Mary Phagan was the victim,” says Kean. “He was the murderer.”

That is not any sort of emotional, knee-jerk conclusion, says Kean, who answers her telephone at work, “Mary Phagan Kean.”

“I’m not just the victim’s namesake, I’m a student of the case.”

Over the years, Kean has spent thousands of hours studying original court records and scrolling through microfilm copies of newspapers of the era. Much of her research is found in Kean’s book, “The Murder of Little Mary Phagan,” published in 1988.

The family history that has consumed Kean as an adult was unknown to her as a child. Kean, a self-described “military brat,” grew up knowing nothing about the lynching of Leo Frank and the murder of her great-aunt.

It wasn’t until an eighth-grade history teacher asked her if she was related to the famous Mary Phagan that she learned from her father the story of the girl whose name she carries.

“My father sat me down, we had a glass of milk, and explained it to me,” Kean recalls.

Her father gave a brief account of the murder and lynching and tried to explain the historical significance. The case was famous, Kean’s father said, because it was the first time in the South that a black man’s testimony convicted a white man. The case was cited as the cause for the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan and the creation of the Anti-Defamation League.

When the family moved to the Atlanta area, Kean says, more people asked about her name. So she began reading all she could about the incident.

“I’d go to rummage sales and look for books about the case,” Kean says.

Her reading sparked her research.

“I wanted to know, I needed to know: Is what they are printing true?”

Much of what has been printed–or put on stage–isn’t true, Kean insists.

The suggestion that Frank was railroaded because he was Jewish is off the mark, she says. There were no bloodthirsty crowds shouting, “Hang the Jew” outside the courthouse, she says.

“I think the way this was covered so heavily in the papers, if that sort of thing had happened it would have been written about,” Kean says.

Pulling out a photocopy of a 1913 Atlanta Constitution story about the trial, Kean reads the headline: ” ‘Good order kept in court by vigilance of deputies.’ Does that sound like what they’re saying today?”

Modern tellings also suggest that class conflict had a role in the lynching of Leo Frank. Poor Southerners working in factories resented their rich Northern bosses. The implication, Kean says, is that Mary Phagan was poor white trash.

The Phagan family was middle-class, Kean says. Mary’s stepfather was a cabinetmaker and her grandfather a wealthy Marietta businessman.

When the family moved from Marietta to East Point, Mary Phagan couldn’t get a desk at her new school, Kean explains, so Mary was working at the pencil factory until the start of the next school year.

Kean again reads from a 1913 newspaper article.

“From her looks,” a story about the testimony of Mary Phagan’s mother states, “the Phagan family is above the station in life from which come children who toil in factories.”

Perhaps most galling to Kean is the contention that Frank was wrongly convicted.

There is ample evidence in the court records to prove Frank was the killer, she says. Frank was caught in contradictions during the coroner’s inquest, Kean notes, and he refused to be cross-examined by the defense.

Kean also offers what could be called linguistic evidence. The note left with the body must have been dictated by Frank, she says. The use of the word “Negro” indicates a Northerner is the author, she says. A Southerner would use the word “colored.”

The 1986 pardon of Frank cited by his modern-day defenders, Kean says, was granted without attempting to address guilt or innocence.

“I think that the truth isn’t really told about Leo Frank,” says Kean. “He is not a martyr, he is a murderer.”

But that doesn’t mean the lynching was justified, Kean says.

“I think it’s a very horrible thing that happened to Leo Frank,” she says.

Convinced Frank is the killer, the only mystery for Kean in the Mary Phagan case is who is putting a red silk rose on the dead girl’s grave.

Over the last several months, every week or so, a single red rose appears on the grave. About a dozen are now planted there.

“That is so sweet,” Kean says. “It means so much to my family.”

Fair Usage Law

April 26, 2015   Posted in: Abraham Foxman, Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, B'nai B'rith, Jewish, Leo Frank, Race Relations  Comments Closed

Anti-Semitic and Racist Websites to Monitor for the Year 2014

Sai Baba – “All action results from thought, so it is thoughts that matter.”

Do you think this is a game? Hate is NOT growing exponentially on the Internet, but its web traffic visitation is.

Why should 21st century hate be characterized as illegal thought crimes? Because thoughts become actions. The hate begins in the mind with thoughts, then comes to life with the action of the hate crimes, not vice versa. The book 1984 instilled this irrational fear of outlawing modern free speech when it comes to insensitive words at one end of the spectrum and thought crimes on the other end of the spectrum. Have you noticed that when someone thinks and then plans carefully about killing, rather than murdering at the spur of the moment, or even by accident, its called premeditated and has enhanced penalties? Have you noticed when someone commits a crime of violence with racism in mind, its called a hate crime? Thoughts proceed actions, not the reverse. Thoughts do matter, and certain thoughts should be made illegal, because they lead to hate crimes. If someone killed you because they didn’t like the ethnic variety of your hair, the shape of your nose or tint of your skin, wouldn’t you want people’s thoughts like that to have far greater fear of penalties associated and setup against them by our society? Think about it, murder because of aesthetics or ones beliefs is hate at its worst. If we could criminalize thoughts, it would go a long way to stop hate. The sites listed below are blocked in most countries world wide, and via some ISPs in the United States, but not others, making the fight to censor hate speech a long term battle.  Social media like twitter and facebook have given the fringe a new outlet to reach the masses and they are having incredible success. Send us a donation!

Hate goes mainstream

Gutter Racism and low grade web design is a lot harder to find these days on hate sites, which is why they are even more insidiously polished than they were in the last 20 years. Some hate sites are verging on looking like independent mainstream media sites that easily fool people. Haters are starting to appeal to the masses by false reason, through videos and imagery, rather than instinct. Gentile extremism and patriotic ethnocentric ideologies are centrally based on thoughts involving prejudice, bigotry and followed by open hate speech, falsely criticizing cultures, or alleged behaviors of other races (usually Jews). Yet at one time, not long ago, white separatist groups used to be at the fringe of society and have butt ugly web sites. Today far right organizations of every type have blossomed in number according to the superb research of SPLC Southern Poverty Law Center, Morris Dees and Mark Potok. And concerning its cousin the ADL, Abraham Foxman in 50 years has transformed Anti-Defamation League into thee premiere international juggernaut of Jewish Civil Rights Organizations.

Many hate groups which were formed long ago and were relatively unknown to the masses less than a decade ago, are now mystifyingly moving toward the mainstream as of 2014. Yet despite the fact that 99% of Pro-White websites that ever existed in the last 20 years, have been forced off the Internet, new generations of savvy web-hate blogs have been launched with alarming slickness. Though some argue domestic extremists are only the tip of the iceberg, compared to Islamic extremism, which is definitely an even bigger threat to the Jewish people underneath the surface of the digital ocean.

These web sites listed below at one time got relatively little web traffic and very few people were interested in their social-political movements, but now they are in the top 1% of  Internet world traffic, in terms of new people landing upon them for the first time, and returning on a regular basis in hopes of updates! This is a shocking development, so don’t sit on your hands people! Please report Internet hate when you see it to us, on our contact page. Help STOP the HATE! The danger is that these sites are striving hard to look more professional, with every passing year. What do we do if they start looking like independent mainstream media sites, and capture millions of readers? They have the potential to radicalize the entire planet Earth and tip the balance against the Jewish people.

Tor Browser (surfing), Jitsi (chat) and cryptocash (bitcoin)

The biggest danger of these anti-semite-sites is that many of them are able to solicit donations through untraceable cryptocurrencies, like bitcoin for instance (there are literally hundreds of cryptocurrencies out there now), or use the mainstream digital cash systems, like paypal to receive money. Though paypal has been cooperative when we ask them to delete people’s accounts we don’t like, so that isn’t so much of a problem, as other methods. In the past, credit card companies were easy to call and convince them to shut down these groups capacity to receive donations, but today, more of these sites are embracing the growing number of digital cryptocurrencies that simply can not be easily controlled. The number of cryptocurrencies are growing exponentially, helping to turn some of these extremist freaks into overnight millionaires due to their speculation. We must boycott bitcoin for bit-hate sake and every other cryptocurrency monetary systems that enables these kinds of groups to flourish cryptofascistly. We should be very alarmed by the fact extremist groups are embracing digital coins of every sort, because if the trend continues, they could use them to debase fiat money like US Dollar, Euro and Shekel, which are currently the world’s reserve currencies.

The other major problem is the NSA spy scandals (thank the asshole snowden and assange) have inspired extremists to learn how to use proxy servers, Tor Browser, Jitsi, Linux, PGP and encryption technology, making it nearly impossible to track them and read their emails. You might think this is an invasion of privacy, until 9-11 part 2 and realize that mass surveillance actually helps keep us safe from domestic terrorism. Have you noticed, there hasn’t been another 9-11? You can thank the NSA for that fact that mass spying actually works.

Submit sites for reporting

Please email us if you know of any hate web sites we missed or forgot to add to these list. We intend to report this growing list to the ADL or SPLC, and ask them to pressure the ISPs hosting these sites, to block them, shut them down, and delete them for good. We also intend to report this growing list to European countries to request that they block these odious view points. We have been amazingly successful in having hundreds of web sites blocked in countries all over the world. We are fighting Internet hate one site at a time. Us the contact form to recommend sites for monitoring.

#0. Metapedia

#1. David Duke

#2. Kevin MacDonald

#3. John de Nugent (Hasbara hackers attacked this site so much it forced John Duh Nugent to consolidate his website efforts)

#4. Rebel of Oz

#5. True Tube Video Sharing (WE GOT IT PURGED FROM INTERNET!!)

#6. Destroy Zionism (WE GOT IT PURGED FROM INTERNET!!)

#7. Storm Front

#8. Solar General and

#9. White Network

#10. Vanguard News Network

#11. Council of Conservative Citizens

#12. Unity of Nobility:

#13. Zundel Site

#14. Grizzom

#15. Leo Frank Library (We are succeeding in getting this website blocked by countries all over the world!!)

#16. Kevin Alfred Strom

#17. National Vanguard

#18. Christian Truth Tellers

#19. Ugly Truth

#20. White Rabbit Radio

#21 Free America Rally

#22 Exposing the Holocaust Hoax Archive

#24 Violence Against Whites
– A web site that ignores the centuries of violence against non-Whites and Jews.

#25 End Zog

#26 Aletho News

#27 Total Fascism

#28 Holy War

#29 Hot K Blog

#30 Aryan Legacy White Transhumanism (WE GOT IT PURGED FROM INTERNET!!)

#31 Culture Wars

#32 Jewish Gas Chamber Hoax by Eric Hunt

#33 European Knights Project

#34 What Really Happened?

#35. New Observer Online

DISCLAIMER: not all the sites listed above or below are anti-Semitic, some of them are deeply cryptic about it or not at all. Some of these sites are not anti-Semitic on this article.

More to come.
Thirty Five Web sites in the top 1% of web traffic in the world according to

This is a frightening development that so-called “White Liberationists”, “White Civil Rights” and “White Human Rights Activists” who are really nothing more than odious separatists, have moved from the bleeding edge fringe of social obscurity toward reaching the mainstream. Even worse is the fact that many anti-Semitic written works are being translated into every major European and Middle Eastern language. David Duke who wrote three major anti-Semitic books, has seen them translated by independent extremist activists into more than a dozen languages without the authors permission. Please monitor these hate sites, and report any other hate sites on the Internet that are popular, so we can contact their Internet Service Providers requesting to have them removed from the web.

35. White Genocide Project (729,537)
34. Racist Jokes (726,488)
33. Traditionalist Youth Network (723,960)
32. ANU News (715,306)
31. White News Now (560,034)
30. Committee for Open Debate on the Holocaust (486,368)
29. Darkmoon (484,342)
28. The Political Cesspool (461,837)
27. Incog Man (458,251)
26. Institute for Historical Review (422,141)
25. Gun Owners of America (398,158)
24. Vanguard News Network (378,082)
23. The White Network (339,528)
22. (338,896)
21. Southern Nationalist Network (337,160)
20. Western Voices World News (242,358)
19. Occidental Dissent (218,785)
18. Alternative Right* (215,085)
17. (210,308)
16. The White Voice (199,774)
15. The Occidental Observer (179,043)
14. The White Resister (171,731)
13. Counter-Currents Publishing (163,062)
12. Total Fascism (155,609)
11. NumbersUSA (118,819)
10. The British Resistance (114,141)
9. VDARE (106,297)
8. British National Party (104,852)
7. Vanguard News Network Forum (83,704)
6. TruTube.Tv (71,377)
5. The Daily Stormer (58,629)
4. American Renaissance (53,290)
3. Metapedia (47,966)
2. Top Conservative News (46,982)
1. Stormfront (15,237)

Hate Chat:

Professional Mainstream Anti-Semitic Groups,0

Fair Usage Law

January 1, 2015   Posted in: AIPAC, Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism Lobby, Anti-Semitism News, Apartheid, B'nai B'rith, Boycott Israel, Censorship, Council of Conservative Citizens, David Duke, Discrimination News, Holocaust Denial, Holocaust Revisionism, Info Wars, Israel, Israel Apartheid, Israeli Lobby, Jewish, Jews, John de Nugent, Judaism, Ku Klux Klan, Leo Frank, Mark Potok, Multicultural News, Neo Nazi, Occidental Observer, Palestine, Racism News, Racist News, Southern Poverty Law Center, SPLC, White Nationalism, White Power, White Supremacism, William Luther Pierce, Zionism  Comments Closed

The Most Anti-Semitic Audiobooks and Readings of 2015

Alex Linder’s Vanguard News Network Audio Book Collection: Alex Linder the admin of the anti-Semitic, holocaust denying, White separatist, and conspiracy theory discussion forum is building the largest collection of racist anti-Jewish audiobooks in the world on his discussion forum.

The National Alliance just recently started this year (2015) an audiobook section on their website featuring anti-Semitic books by U.S. Senator Tom Watson

Balder Ex Libris is quickly becoming one of the largest online book repositories of anti-Semitic books in the world.

Free PDF Info is one of the largest anti-Semitic web site repositories in the world for non-English European books

The Savoisien one of the largest online libraries in the world with hate books.

Zion’s Trojan Horse by U.S. Senator Jack Tenney (December 4, 1953)

Onward Christian Soldier by Donald Day

Donald Day was correspondent for Colonel McCormick’s Chicago Tribune in northern Europe for over 22 years. In 1920 he was invited to visit Russia by the Soviet representative in New York. But when he arrived in Riga the communist government refused to grant him a visa to enter Russia. He applied and waited for this visa for more than 20 years, until July 1940, when the Soviets annexed Latvia and gave him 24 hours to leave the country. In the meantime, the Kremlin was crawling with American correspondents who, unlike Donald Day, were quite willing to cast aside any integrity for the chance to laud the “great Soviet experiment” in accord with the dictates of the Ministry of Propaganda.

Day was the only American correspondent in Europe to be stationed north of Berlin. During these years he covered news developments in Poland, Danzig, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland, visiting each of these countries several times a year. He also made a number of trips to Sweden and Norway for The Tribune.

In the United States Donald Day was considered an authority on Bolshevism and on northern Europe. Up until the time he began to be censored by his own publisher and eventually fired at the persistent urging of the U.S. State Department, his dispatches were published under his own name in The Chicago Tribune, the New York Daily News and in 80 other large American newspapers which subscribed to The Tribune’s foreign news service. But when events began to develop in Europe that signaled the coming of war, the truth became the first casualty and Donald Day was cut off as the eyes and ears of millions of his American readers.

His book—appearing at a time when so many of us have been heavily influenced in one way or another by war propaganda—throws a considerable amount of fresh light on some old problems and recurring media deceptions.

Donald Day cast aside lucrative salaries, guaranteed pensions and the prospects of limelight prestige for a chance to observe, verify and report on the facts. This book contains some of his travels and adventures and also some first-hand observations of the countries and peoples he confronted in a long and interesting career.

Onward Christian Soldiers by Donald Day at The Internet Archive

Onward Christian Soldiers by Donald Day at

Onward_Christian_Soldiers.pdf 14.3 MB by Donald Day!MR8xzQRT!nob1uwtHpWJpV3IS6LAx9lNWJH0hHPlwfvs_6m4vMB8

Onward Christian Soldiers by Donald Day at The Savoisien

VNN Vanguard News Network Audio Book About Onward Christian Soldier

Anti-Semitic Audiobookets

January 1915, Watsons Magazine article about Leo Frank case into January 2015 audio booklet

March 1915, Watsons Magazine article about Leo Frank case into March 2015 audio booklet

The Most Anti-Semitic Articles of 2015

100 Years Ago Today: The Trial of Leo Frank Begins

Leo Frank Trial Week One

Leo Frank Trial Week Two

One Hundred Years Ago Leo Frank Mounts the Witness Stand

Leo Frank Trial Week Three

Leo Frank Trial Week Four

Leo Frank Trial Closing Arguments: Luther Rosser, Reuben Arnold and Frank Hooper

Closing Arguments of Prosecutor Hugh Dorsey at the Leo Frank Trial

One Hundred Reasons Leo Frank is Guilty

Anti-Defamation League: One Hundred Years of Jewish Hate, October 1913 – 2013

Professor Emeritus of Judaic Studies: Leonard Dinnerstein’s Pseudo-history About the Leo Frank Case

Review of Tabloid Style Journalist Steve Oney’s the Dead Shall Rise: Who Really Solved the Mary Phagan Murder Case?

Did Leo Frank Confess to the Murder of Mary Phagan?

Atlanta Constitution Newspaper (1913 – 1915):

Atlanta Georgian Newspaper (April – August, 1913):

Atlanta Journal Newspaper (April – August, 1913):

Fair Usage Law

December 24, 2014   Posted in: Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, John de Nugent, Race Relations, Racism News, Racist News, White Nationalism, White Power, White Racism, White Supremacism, World War I, Zionism  Comments Closed

Jewish Reaction to the Guilt of Leo Frank

Jewish Reaction to the Guilt of Leo Frank
Published on April 25, 2013 by Carolyn in The International Jew Study Hour

April 25, 2013

A special program on the 100th anniversary of the rape/murder of 13-year-old Mary Phagan (pictured right) on April 26, 1913 in Atlanta, Ga.

Hadding Scott and Carolyn Yeager put the emphasis on the Jewish agenda to “overturn the verdict” against Leo Frank in the minds of Americans and people everywhere, and explain how Jewry goes about it. From regular appeals for Leo Frank in the Jewish New York Times; to circulating false stories that the jurors were influenced by mobs outside the courthouse shouting “Hang the Jew”, and were even personally threatened; to bringing up “new testimony” 69 years later from the only surviving witness at the trial (Alonzo Mann); to gaining a meaningless Pardon that does not exonerate Frank, but is only a sort of apology for not protecting him in prison; to creating a musical and television docu-drama about Frank’s innocence — Jewry goes all out in their effort to change the perception toward this pedophile-murderer to that of innocent victim of antisemitism. And they pretty much succeed! But here is a song for Mary by Fiddlin’ John Carson, compliments of Hadding.

The ADL (Anti-Defamation League) also formed in that year to declare Frank’s innocence and continues its work to cover up or minimize all crimes by Jews by labeling any accusations “antisemitism.”

Podcast: Download

Fair Usage Law

April 26, 2013   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, Leo Frank  Comments Closed

On August 18, 1913, Did Leo Frank Confess on the Witness Stand?


Did Leo Frank Confess? thumbnail











On the 99th anniversary of the verdict, we examine the murder of Mary Phagan and the trial of Leo Frank (Illustration: autopsy photo).

by Mark Cohen

THE CENTURY-OLD “cold case” Mary Phagan murder mystery — the violent rape and murder of teenager Mary Phagan and the subsequent lynching of the convicted killer, Jewish businessman Leo Frank — has now been conclusively solved by scholars using the extensive 1913 official investigation and trial records. In this once-in-a-lifetime event, the publishing, mass media, and academic establishments — who have for decades promoted the conspiracy theory that anti-Semites framed Frank for the crime because he was Jewish — have been proven to be wrong by the statements of Leo Frank himself.


Leo Frank

In addition to being an executive of Atlanta’s National Pencil Company, Leo Frank was also a B’nai B’rith official — president of the 500-member Gate City Lodge in 1912 — and even after his conviction and incarceration Frank was elected lodge president again in 1913. As a direct result of the Leo Frank conviction, the B’nai B’rith founded their well-known and politically powerful “Anti-Defamation League,” or ADL.

At the climax of the Leo Frank trial, an admission was made by the defendant that amounted to a confession during trial. How many times in the annals of US legal history has this happened? Something very unusual happened during the month-long People v. Leo M. Frank murder trial, held within Georgia’s Fulton County Superior Courthouse in the Summer of 1913. I’m going to show you evidence that Mr. Leo Max Frank inadvertently revealed the solution to the Mary Phagan murder mystery.

When Leo Frank mounted the witness stand on Monday afternoon, August 18, 1913, at 2:15 pm, he orally delivered an unsworn, four-hour, pre-written statement to the 250 people present.

The Leo Frank trial

Epic Trial of 20th Century Southern History

The audience sat in the grandstand seats of the most spectacular murder trial in the annals of Georgia history. Nestled deep within the pews of the Fulton County Superior Court were the luckiest of public spectators, defense and prosecution witnesses, journalists, officials, and courtroom staff.

Hugh M. Dorsey

Like gladiators in an arena, in the center of it all, with their backs to the audience, seated in ladder-back chairs, were the most important principals. They were the State of Georgia’s prosecution team, made up of three members, led by Solicitor General Hugh M. Dorsey and Frank Arthur Hooper. Arrayed against them were eight Leo Frank defense counselors, led by Luther Z. Rosser and Reuben Rose Arnold. The presiding judge, the Honorable Leonard Strickland Roan, sitting in a high-backed leather chair, was separated by the witness stand from the jury of 12 white men who were sworn to justly decide the fate of Leo Frank.

Crouched and sandwiched between the judge’s bench and the witness chair, sitting on the lip of the bench’s foot rail, was a stenographer capturing the examinations. Stenographers clicked away throughout the trial and were changed regularly in relays.

Reuben R. Arnold

Surrounding the four major defense and prosecution counselors were an entourage of uniformed police, plainclothes detectives, undercover armed security men, government staff, and magistrates.

The first day of the Leo Frank trial began on Monday morning, July 28, 1913, and led to many days of successively more horrifying revelations. But the most interesting day of the trial occurred three weeks later when Leo Frank sat down in the witness stand on Monday afternoon, August 18, 1913.

The Moment Everyone Was Waiting For

What Leo Frank had to say to the court became the spine-tingling climax of the most notorious criminal trial in US history, and it was the moment everyone in all of Georgia, especially Atlanta, had waited for.

Leo Frank posing for Collier’s Weekly. The photo would later become the front cover for the book The Truth About the Frank Case by C.P. Connolly. In the picture, the fingertips of Leo Frank’s left hand are firmly clasped around the base of a cigar, vertically projecting upward from his groin region. The significance of Leo Frank’s left fist would be revealed when the Mary Phagan autopsy, conducted on Monday, May 5, 1913, by Dr. H. F. Harris, was reported during the Leo Frank trial.

Judge Roan explained to the jury the unique circumstances and rules concerning the unsworn statement Leo M. Frank was to make. Then, at 2:14 pm, Leo Frank was called to speak. When he mounted the stand, a hush fell as 250 spellbound people closed ranks and leaned forward expectantly. They were more than just speechless: They were literally breathless, transfixed, sitting on the edges of their seats, waiting with great anticipation for every sentence, every word, that came forth from the mouth of Leo Frank.

But listening to his long speech became challenging at times. He had a reputation as a “gas jet” from his college days (see his college yearbook entry), and he lived up to it now with dense, mind-numbing verbiage.

Three Out of Nearly Four Hours: Distractions and Endless Pencil Calculations

To bring his major points home during his almost four-hour speech, Leo Frank presented original pages of his accounting books to the jury. For three hours he went over, in detail, the accounting computations he had made on the afternoon of April 26, 1913. This was meant to show the court that he had been far too busy to have murdered Mary Phagan on that day nearly 15 weeks before.

Leo Frank’s reputation as a “hot air artist” — and service as a debating coach — shown in his college yearbook entry

One point emphasized by the defense was how long it took Frank to do the accounting books: Was it an hour and a half as some said, or three hours? Can either answer ever be definitive, though? No matter how quickly one accountant works, is it beyond belief that another could be twice as fast?

The Ultimate Question Waiting to be Answered

Monteen Stover

The most important unanswered question in the minds of everyone at the trial was this: Where had Leo Frank gone between 12:05 pm and 12:10 pm on Saturday, April 26, 1913? This was the crucial question because Monteen Stover had testified she found Leo Frank’s office empty during this five-minute time segment – and Leo Frank had told police he never left his office during that time. And the evidence had already shown that Mary Phagan was murdered sometime between 12:05 and 12:15 pm in the Metal Room of the same factory where Leo Frank was present.

There weren’t a plethora of suspects in the building: April 26, 1913, was a state holiday in Georgia — Confederate Memorial Day — and the factory and offices were closed down, except for a few employees coming in to collect their pay and two men doing construction work on an upper floor.

Two investigators had testified that Leo Frank gave them the alibi that he had never left his office from noon until after 12:45. If Leo Frank’s alibi held up, then he couldn’t have killed Mary Phagan.

Everyone wanted to know how Leo Frank would respond to the contradictory testimony clashing with his alibi. And, after rambling about near-irrelevancies for hours, he did: Frank stated — in complete contradiction to his numerous earlier statements that he’d never left his office — that he might have “unconsciously” gone to the bathroom during that time — placing him in the only bathroom on that floor of the building, the Metal Room bathroom, which is where Jim Conley stated he had first found the lifeless body of little Mary Phagan, and immediately adjacent to the Metal Room proper, where Mary Phagan’s blood was found, and where the prosecution had spent weeks proving that the murder had actually taken place.

Paul Donehoo

This was doubly amazing because weeks earlier Leo Frank had emphatically told the seven-man panel led by Coroner Paul Donehoo at the Coroners Inquest, that he (Leo Frank) did not use the bathroom all day long — not that he (Leo Frank) had forgotten, but that he had not gone to the bathroom at all. The visually-blind but prodigious savant Coroner Paul Donehoo — with his highly-refined “B.S. detector” was incredulous as might be expected. Who doesn’t use the bathroom all day long? It was as if Leo Frank was mentally and physically, albeit crudely and unbelievably, trying to distance himself from the bathroom where Jim Conley said he found the body.

Furthermore, Leo Frank had told detective Harry Scott — witnessed by a police officer named Black — that he (Leo Frank) was in his office every minute from noon to half past noon, and in State’s Exhibit B (Frank’s stenographed statement to the police), Leo Frank never mentions a bathroom visit all day.

And now he had reversed himself!

Why would Leo Max Frank make such a startling admission, after spending months trying to distance himself from that part of the building at that precise time? That is a difficult question to answer, but there are clues. 1) The testimony of Monteen Stover (who liked Frank and who was actually a supportive character witness for him) that Frank was missing from his office for those crucial five minutes was convincing. Few could believe that Stover — looking to pick up her paycheck, and waiting five minutes in the office for an opportunity to do so — would have been satisfied with a cursory glance at the room and therefore somehow missed Frank behind the open safe door as he had alleged. 2) The evidence suggests that Frank did not always make rational decisions when under stress: Under questioning from investigators, he repeatedly changed the time at which Mary Phagan supposedly came to see him in his office (and State’s Exhibit B shows that Frank, in the presence of his lawyers, told police that Mary Phagan was in his office with him alone between 12:05 and 12:10 pm); he reportedly confessed his guilt to his wife the day of the murder; he, if guilty, reacted out of all proportion and reason to being spurned by his teenage employee; and he maintained the utterly unbelievable position throughout the case that he did not know Mary Phagan by name, despite indisputably knowing her initials (he wrote them on the company books by hand) and interacting with her hundreds of times.

Mary Phagan

Frank had also said (to paraphrase his statement before the racial angle had been brought forward by his defense team) that to the best of his recollection when he was in his second floor office from 12:00 to 12:45 pm, aside from temporary visitors, the only other people continuously in the building he was aware of were Mr. White and Mr. Denham on the fourth floor, banging away and doing construction as they tore down a partition. That’s it, three people. One can understand investigators, after hearing Frank’s statement that there were only three people in the building, asking the question: If there are three people in the factory, and two of them didn’t do it, who is left?

Even if only one of these lapses is true as described, it is enough to show a pronounced lack of judgement on Frank’s part. A man with such impaired judgement may actually have been unable to see that by explaining away his previous untenable (and now exposed as false) position of “never leaving the office” with an “unconscious” bathroom visit, he was placing himself at the scene of the murder at the precise time of the murder. Thus are men who tell tales undone, even as they fall back upon a partial truth.

Georgia: Right to Refuse Oaths and Examination

Under the Georgia Code, Section 1036, the accused has the right to make an unsworn statement and, furthermore, to refuse to be examined or cross-examined at his trial. Leo Frank made the decision to make an unsworn statement and not allow examination or cross examination.

The law also did not permit Solicitor General Hugh M. Dorsey or his legal team to orally interpret or comment on the fact that Leo Frank was not making a statement sworn under oath at his own murder trial. The prosecution respected this rule.

The jury knew that Leo Frank had had months to carefully prepare his statement. But what was perhaps most damaging to Leo Frank’s credibility was the fact that every witness at the trial, regardless of whether they were testifying for the defense or prosecution, had been sworn, and therefore spoke under oath, and had been subject to cross-examination by the other side — except for Leo Frank. Thus it didn’t matter if the law prevented the prosecution from commenting on the fact Leo Frank had refused cross examination, opting instead to make an unsworn statement, because the jury could see that anyway. Making an unsworn statement and refusing to be examined does not prove that one is guilty, but it certainly raises eyebrows of doubt.

Leo Frank takes the stand

The South an “Honor Bound” Society

Could a sworn jury upholding its sacred duty question Leo Frank’s honor and integrity as a result of what Southerners likely perceived as his cowardly decision under Georgia Code, Section 1036? If so, greater weight would naturally be given to those witnesses who were sworn under oath and who contradicted Leo Frank’s unsworn alibis, allegations, and claims. It put the case under a new lens of the sworn versus the unsworn.

The average Southerner in 1913 was naturally asking the question: What white man would make an unsworn statement and not allow himself to be cross-examined at his own murder trial if he were truly innocent? Especially in light of the fact that the South was culturally white separatist — and two of the major material witnesses who spoke against Leo Frank were African-Americans, one claiming to be an accomplice after the fact turned accuser. In the Atlanta of 1913, African-Americans were perceived as second class citizens and less reliable than whites in terms of their capacity for telling the truth.

Today, we might ask: Why wouldn’t Leo Frank allow himself to be cross examined when he was trained in the art and science of debating during his high school senior year and all through his years in college, where he earned the rank of Cornell Congress Debate Team coach? (Pratt Institute Monthly, June, 1902; Cornellian, 1902 through 1906; Cornell Senior Class Book, 1906; Cornell University Alumni Dossier File on Leo Frank, retrieved 2012)

Odd Discrepancies

Newt Lee

Most Leo Frank partisan authors omit significant parts of the trial testimony of Newt Lee and Jim Conley from their retelling of the Leo Frank Case. Both of these black men, former National Pencil Company employees, made clearly damaging statements against Frank.

The evidence Newt Lee brought forward was circumstantial, but intriguing — and never quite adequately explained by Leo Frank then, or by his defenders now.

He stated that on Friday Evening, April 25, 1913, Frank made a request to him, Lee, that he report to work an hour early at 4:00 pm on Confederate Memorial Day, the next day. The stated reason was that Leo Frank had made a baseball game appointment with his brother-in-law, Mr. Ursenbach, a Gentile who was married to one of Frank’s wife Lucille’s older sisters. Leo Frank would eventually give two different reasons at different times as to why he canceled that appointment: 1) he had too much work to do, and 2) he was afraid of catching a cold.

Newt Lee’s normal expected time at the National Pencil Company factory on Saturdays was 5:00 pm sharp. Lee stated that when he arrived an hour early that fateful Saturday, Leo Frank had forgotten the change because he was in an excited state. Frank, he said, was unlike his normal calm, cool and collected “boss-man” self. Normally, if anything was out of order, Frank would command him, saying “Newt, step in here a minute” or the like. Instead, Frank burst out of his office, bustling frenetically towards Lee, who had arrived at the second floor lobby at 3:56 pm. Upon greeting each other, Frank requested that Lee go out on the town and “have a good time” for two hours and come back at 6:00 pm.

Because Leo Frank asked Newt Lee to come to work one hour early, Lee had lost that last nourishing hour of sleep one needs before waking up fully rejuvenated, so Lee requested of Frank that he allow him to take a nap in the Packing Room (adjacent to Leo Frank’s front office). But Frank re-asserted that Lee needed to go out and have a good time. Finally, Newt Lee acquiesced and left for two hours.

At trial, Frank would state that he sent Newt Lee out for two hours because he had work to do. When Lee came back, the double doors halfway up the staircase were locked – very unusual, as they had never had been locked before on Saturday afternoons. When Newt Lee unlocked the doors and went into Leo Frank’s office he witnessed his boss bungling and nearly fumbling the time sheet when trying to put a new one in the punch clock for the night watchman – Lee – to register.

The National Pencil Company building around 1913

It came out before the trial that Newt Lee had earlier been told by Leo Frank that it was a National Pencil Company policy that once the night watchman arrived at the factory – as Lee had the day of the murder at 4:00 pm – he was not permitted to leave the building under any circumstances until he handed over the reigns of security to the day watchman. Company security necessitated being cautious – poverty, and therefore theft, was rife in the South; there were fire risk hazards; and the critical factory machinery was worth a small fortune. Security was a matter of survival.

The two hour timetable rescheduling – the canceled ball game – the inexplicable sudden security rule waiver – the bumbling with a new time sheet – the locked double doors – and Frank’s suspiciously excited behavior: All were highlighted as suspicious by the prosecution, especially in light of the fact that the “murder notes” – found next to Mary Phagan’s head – physically described Newt Lee, even calling him “the night witch.” And, the prosecutor asked, why did Leo Frank later telephone Newt Lee, not once but two or more times, that evening at the factory?

A “Racist” Subplot?

The substance of what happened between Newt Lee (and janitor James “Jim” Conley – see below) and Leo Frank from April 26, 1913 onward is most often downplayed, censored, or distorted by partisans of Leo Frank.

From the testimony of these two African-American witnesses, we learn of an almost diabolic intrigue calculated to entrap the innocent night watchman Newt Lee. It would have been easy to convict a black man in the white separatist South of that time, where the ultimate crime was a black man having interracial sex with a white woman — to say nothing of committing battery, rape, strangulation, and mutilation upon her in a scenario right out of Psychopathia Sexualis.

Luther Z. Rosser, for the defense

The plot was exquisitely formulated for its intended audience, the twelve white men who would decide Leo Frank’s fate. It created two layers of African-Americans between Frank and the murder of Mary Phagan. It wouldn’t take the police long to realize Newt Lee didn’t commit the murder, and, since the death notes were written in dialect, it would leave the police hunting for another black murderer. As long as Jim Conley kept his mouth shut, he wouldn’t hang. So the whole plot rested on Jim Conley – and it took the police three weeks to crack him.

The ugly racial element of this defense ploy is rarely mentioned today. The fact that it was Leo Frank, a Jew (and generally considered white in the racial separatist Old South), who first tried to pin the rape and murder of Mary Phagan on the elderly, balding, and married African-American Newt Lee (who had no criminal record to boot) is not something that Frank partisans want to highlight. The Leo Frank cheering section also downplays the racial considerations that made Frank, when his first racially-tinged defense move failed and was abandoned, change course for the last time and formulate a new subplot to pin the crime on Jim Conley, the “accomplice after the fact.”

If events had played out as intended, there would have likely been one or two dead black men in the wake of the defense team’s intrigue.

Jim Conley knew too much. He admitted he had helped the real murderer, Leo Frank, clean up after the fact. To prevent Conley, through extreme fear, from revealing any more about the real solution to the crime, and to discredit him no matter what he did, a new theory was needed. Jim Conley certainly was scared beyond comprehension, knowing what white society did to black men who beat, raped, and strangled white girls.

The Accuser Becomes the Accused

Jim Conley

The new murder theory posited by the Leo Frank defense was that Jim Conley assaulted Mary Phagan as she walked down the stairs from Leo Frank’s office. Once Phagan descended to the first floor lobby, they said, she was robbed, then thrown down 14 feet to the basement through the two-foot by two-foot scuttle hole at the side of the elevator. Conley then supposedly went through the scuttle hole himself, climbing down the ladder, dragged the unconscious Mary Phagan to the garbage dumping ground in front of the cellar incinerator (known as the “furnace”), where he then raped and strangled her.

But this grotesque racially-tinged framing was to fail in the end — in part because because physicians noticed that the scratch marks on Mary Phagan’s face — she had been dragged face down in the basement — did not bleed, strongly suggesting she was already quite dead when the dragging took place.

Investigators arranged for a conversation to take place between Leo Frank and Newt Lee, who were intentionally put alone together in a police interrogation room at the Atlanta Police Station. The experiment was to see how Frank would interact with Lee and determine if any new information could be obtained.

Once they thought they were alone, Leo Frank scolded Newt Lee for trying to talk about the murder of Mary Phagan, and said that if Lee kept up that kind of talk, Frank and he would go straight to hell.

Leo Frank in the courtroom; his wife Lucille Frank behind him

Star Witnesses

The Jewish community has crystallized around the notion that Jim Conley was the star witness at the trial, and not 14-year-old Monteen Stover who defended Leo Frank’s character — and then inadvertently broke his alibi.

Leo Frank partisans downplay the significance of Monteen Stover’s trial testimony and Leo Frank’s attempted rebuttal of her testimony on August 18, 1913. Governor John M. Slaton also ignored the Stover-Frank incident in his 29-page commutation order of June 21, 1915.

Many Frank partisans have chosen to obscure the significance of Monteen Stover by putting all the focus on Jim Conley, and then claiming that without Jim Conley there would have been no conviction of Leo Frank.

Could they be right? Or could Leo Frank have been convicted on the testimony of Monteen Stover, without the testimony of Jim Conley?

It is a question left for speculation only, because no one ever anticipated the significance of Jim Conley telling the jury that he had found Mary Phagan dead in the Metal Room bathroom.

It was not until Leo Frank gave his response to Monteen Stover’s testimony – his explanation of why his second floor business office was empty on April 26, 1913 between 12:05 pm and 12:10 pm – that everything came together tight and narrow.

Tom Watson resolved the “no conviction without Conley” controversy in the September 1915 number of his Watson’s Magazine, but perhaps it is time for a 21st century explanation to make it clear why even the Georgia Supreme Court ruled that the evidence and testimony of the trial sustained Frank’s conviction.

August 18, 1913: You Are the Jury

The four-hour-long unsworn statement of Leo Frank was the crescendo of the trial. (Later, just before closing arguments, Frank himself was allowed the last word. He spoke once more on his own behalf, unsworn this time also, for five minutes, denying the testimony of others that he had known Mary Phagan by name and that he had gone into the dressing room for presumably immoral purposes with one of the company’s other employees.)

The jury that convicted Leo Frank

Three Confessions

It is important to understand that Leo Frank’s startling admission of his presence in the death room at the critical moment did not stand alone in the jury’s eyes. Conclusive as it was, it was not Frank’s only confession.

The official record shows Leo Frank confessed to murdering Mary Phagan three times, though he would deny all three.

James Conley

• Confession Number One — April 26, 1913: Leo Frank’s murder confession number one was made to Jim Conley when Leo Frank told him he had tried to “be with her” (have sexual intercourse with Mary Phagan) and she refused him. According to Conley, Frank then stated he had hit her, knocking her down, then adding “I guess I struck her too hard and she fell and hit her head against something.” Some of Mary Phagan’s bloody hair was discovered on Monday, April 28, 1913, by Robert P. Barret on the handle of a lathe in the second floor Metal Room.

• Confession Number Two — April 26, 1913: According to the McKnight family, Leo Frank confessed to murdering Mary Phagan to his wife Lucille Selig Frank on the evening of April 26, 1913, at around 10:30 pm, saying to his wife that he didn’t know why he would murder — and asking his wife for his pistol so he could shoot himself. Lucille reportedly told her family, and her household cook and cleaning lady Minola McKnight, about what happened that evening. Minola McKnight told her husband Albert McKnight, and full documentation can be found in State’s Exhibit J (see the Appendix to this article). Decades later, Lucille Selig Frank refused to be buried in the Frank family plot next to her husband, leaving explicit instructions to the contrary.

• Leo Frank Murder Confession Number Three — August 18, 1913: This is the “unconscious bathroom visit” statement delivered by Frank to the court in his unsworn statement, placing him unequivocally at the murder scene at the critical time. Frank would also reaffirm this admission in a newspaper interview published by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution on March 9th, 1914.

With Mercy — or Without?

Judge Leonard Strickland Roan gave the jury two options if they found Leo Frank guilty of the crime of murder: ‘With Mercy’ or ‘Without Mercy.’ If there was any doubt of Leo M. Frank’s guilt, the judge and jury could have sentenced him to life in prison instead of sentencing him to death by hanging. When the jury unanimously sentenced Leo Frank to death by hanging after deciding on a verdict of guilt, Judge Roan had the legal option to downgrade the jury’s death sentence, and only give Leo Frank life in prison – that is, if Roan disagreed with the judgement. But Judge Roan agreed with their collective verdict and recommendation.

Judge Leonard Strickland Roan

Many in the Jewish community, and other Leo Frank partisans, have suggested that Judge Roan doubted the verdict because of one of his apparently appeasing comments made orally to his former law partner, Luther Rosser. But if Roan actually doubted the verdict, he could have exercised his power many times to prevent Frank’s execution, and even given him a new trial if that would have served the cause of justice. But he did none of these things.

You are Hereby Sentenced to Hang on April 17, 1914; Happy Birthday

Certainty of Leo Frank’s guilt was so strong that — after reviewing his trial testimony for months, and after the Georgia Supreme Court’s majority decision upheld Leo Frank’s conviction and the fairness of his trial — Judge Benjamin Hill, on March 7, 1914, sentenced him to die on his 30th birthday: April 17, 1914.

Only absolute mathematical certainty of guilt warrants such a cruel sentencing date by a judge.

* * *

Appendix: Essential Reading

To gain a full understanding of the Leo Frank case, and the tissue-thin “anti-Semitic conspiracy” theories advanced by the media today, it is necessary to read the official record without censorship or selective editing by partisans. Here are the resources which will enable you to do just that.

Leo M. Frank Brief of Evidence, Murder Trial Testimony and Affidavits, 1913

• Leo M. Frank unsworn trial statement (BOE, Leo Frank Trial Statement, August 18, 1913)

• Leo Frank trial, State’s Exhibit B

Original State’s Exhibit B:

Part 1 –

Part 2 –

Complete Analysis of State’s Exhibit B (required reading): The full review of State’s Exhibit B

• Leo Frank Case files from the Georgia Supreme Court, Adobe PDF format:

Atlanta Constitution issue of March 9, 1914 (Leo Frank Answers List of Questions Bearing on Points Made Against Him, March 9, 1914)

• Compare the analysis of the bathroom statement by reading: Argument of Hugh M. Dorsey, followed by Argument of Mr. Frank Hooper — also compare with Tom Watson’s version

• Minola McKnight statement (Minola Mcknight, State’s Exhibit J, June 3, 1913) and cremation request in the 1954 Notarized Last Will and Testament of Lucille Selig Frank

• 2D and 3D National Pencil Company floor diagrams

The National Pencil Company in 3 Dimensions

3-Dimensional Floor Plan of the National Pencil Company in 1913:

The Defendant Leo Frank’s Factory Diagrams Made on His Behalf:

2-Dimensional Floor Plan of the National Pencil Company in 1913. Defendants Exhibit 61, Ground Floor and Second Floor 2D Birds Eye View Maps of the National Pencil Company: Plat of the First and Second Floor of the National Pencil Company.

1. State’s Exhibit A (Small Image) or State’s Exhibit A (Large Image).

2. Different Version: Side view of the factory diagram showing the front half of the factory

3. Bert Green Diagram of the National Pencil Company

• James “Jim” Conley’s testimony (James Conley, Brief of Evidence, August, 4, 5, 6, 1913)

• Staged late defense version of events

• The Jeffersonian Newspaper 1914-1917 and Watson’s Magazine (August and September, 1915) series on the case

• Defense and prosecution both ratify the original Brief of Evidence: Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913. Brief of Evidence

John Davison Lawson’s American State Trials 1918, Volume X

• Mary Phagan Kean’s analysis of the Leo Frank Case: The Murder of Little Mary Phagan

State’s Exhibit A

Fair Usage Law

April 18, 2013   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, B'nai B'rith, Hate Crimes, Hate Speech, Israel, Jewish, Leo Frank, Southern Poverty Law Center, SPLC  Comments Closed

The Leo Frank Pedophile Scandal, an Epic Saga 1913 to 1915, that Gave Rise to the ADL and KKK

The Corporate Standard of the National Pencil Company Circa 1913
The National Pencil Company (NPCo) was conceived in the imaginative spirit of an industrial Atlanta in the year 1907. One of its principal founders, an old wealthy cotton speculator, Moses Frank (b. 1841), would engage his young nephew Leo M. Frank to manage the nascent company. The NPCo was officially born on April 8, 1908, and Leo Frank upon returning from pencil manufacturing training in Germany, began his first day of work on Monday morning, August 10, 1908. Tragically, the booming NPCo would fall terminally ill less than five years later on Monday morning, April 28, 1913, when an early-bird employee of only six weeks, Robert P. Barret, made an unusual forensic discovery in the factories metal room at his workstation.
Monday, April 28, 1913 @ 6:30 a.m.

At the crack of dawn, Barret entered through the gloomy factory facade of 37 to 41 South Forsyth street in downtown Atlanta, tripping into the manufacturing plant’s small enclosed lobby. Upon entering through the front door, Barret walked 10 paces, to the foot of the stairwell, he climbed up the 19 steps leading to the large, empty and echoing lobby of the 2nd floor, this was the same floor where Leo Frank’s office resided, but Barret walked in the opposite direction, down the long hallway to the rear of the building, entering the metal room at 6:35 a.m.

The Confederate Memorial Weekend April 26, 1913

Confederate Memorial Day was a momentous state holiday celebrated throughout the South, but each Confederate State celebrated it on a different day. In Georgia it was held every April 26, and it was a most somber and coveted celebration. A parade was conducted to honor the men who fought and died for Southern independence against an ever increasingly tyrannical federal U.S. government. Though the Sunday edition of the Atlanta Constitution newspaper reported too soon that it was the first time no serious crime had been committed on that holiday, it had actually been marred by a terrible tragedy reported by Britt Craig in an EXTRA released later that Sunday morning, April 27, 1913, concerning the murder of an unknown little White girl. However, the mystery was all about to come to light, unbeknownst to Robert P. Barret the following day,  while picking up where he had left off on his bench lathe in the metal room.

Robert P. Barrett began preparing himself for his work day on a new work week

As Robert P. Barret’s hand reached for the handle of his bench lathe, his fingers become entangled within a bloody tress (AC, Coroners Inquest, May 13) of what looked to be 6 to 12 strands of Mary Phagan’s hair pretzel wrapped around the handle of his lathe.

Finishing Where He Left Off

The machine Robert used on a daily basis still had a piece of his work in it he had left unfinished Friday, April 25, 1913, at 6:30 PM. It was then that Friday he helped clean the metal room immaculately with other staff members, and with much anticipatory relief, left afterwards looking forward to Memorial Day that evolved into a holiday weekend.

The Moment of Truth

With perplexed curiosity, Robert P. Barret began an inspection of the immediate area, expanding outward from his work station, and when he looked at the floor in front of the ladies dressing room, next to the door of the only bathroom on the second floor, he discovered a peculiar five inch wide white-pinkish-red fanshaped bloodstain, set in a starburst spatter pattern, with tiny scattered droplets sprayed behind it.

The Flood Gates Open

With more than 100 child laborers due to work that early morning, funneling through the entry way of the 4-story ominous factory, through what became the bottleneck of the palladian arched front door, word about Mary Phagans death spread faster than wild fire, including all the details and rumors about about how she was discovered mauled in the rear of the factory basement diagonal to the cellar incinerator.

More than 100 child laborers went hog wild.

The discovery of metal room forensic evidence evolved into a significant exhibition, simply because of the murder connection, and as a result of word traveling so briskly through the factory, countless dozens of employees would flock to witness the metal room blood and hair spectacle. An ensuing high drama erupted, as pre-teen, and teenaged girls erupted into emotional temper tantrums, it was morbid hysteria reaching a fevered pitch, and it became infectious as the terror-shocked girls broke down into sobbing tears. The unraveling of early morning work place calm, quickly transformed into total rebellion and hysterics, causing everything to fall apart like a tumbling house of cards. As the permutations of thoughts, all leading to black walls unfolded, it effectively shattered the labor forces work moral beyond reconciliation. As word continued to spread, the dominoes fell and the whole factory essentially shut down resulting in extreme loafing and commiseration, because everyone naturally came to the conclusion the evidence found in the second floor metal room meant the murder did not originally happen in the basement, but the very work room Mary Phagan had toiled for 55 hours a week during the last 13 months.

And in the traumatized minds of more than 100 kids working in the factory, each of them knew it could have easily been one of them.

The Monday morning metal room murder evidence revelation would later that day prove to become another turning point for the Mary Phagan murder investigation underway by the perplexed police, it was however partly embarrassing too, because the police who scoured the building in the pitch black darkest hours of the early part of Sunday morning, April 27, 1913, overlooked the lock of bloodied hair strands twisted around the bench lathe handle, suspended in full view, and even worse, the police completely missed the odd and partially obscured blood stain on the greasy wooden floorboards numerous paces away diagonal to the only set of bathrooms that existed on the second floor.

While this illuminating post-sunrise discovery on the second floor of the National Pencil Company was playing out like a gathering hurricane, Superintendent Leo Frank was sitting in the hot seat at the police station for a round of procedural questioning that same Monday Morning, April 28, 1913 at 9:00 a.m.

The Atlanta Police HQ Interrogation Room

High-Power attorneys Luther Zeigler Rosser and Herbert Haas had arrived after a patient Leo Frank waited for them patiently. When they were all fully present with Luther Zeigler Rosser standing with his back to the window and Leo Frank’s butts firmly glued into one of the hard wooden chairs, a fleet of police officers and detectives encompassed him. It was then and there Leo Frank began uttering his fatal State’s Exhibit B to an official government stenographer named Gay Charles Febuary, capturing the Police questions and Leo Franks answers. Frank’s stenographed record would later be stitch together on an old fashioned typewriter, with only Leo Franks stenographed answers alone, without the specific police questions to him, and this unsigned document was later submitted as part of the integral and concatenated circumstantial evidence for the State’s prosecution at the trial of Leo Frank, who was accused of strangling Mary Phagan.

State’s Exhibit B would become one of the most important and controversial documents at the trial, because of what Monteen Stover would testify.

Flash forward from 1913 to 1915…

Wrongful Death

As the the two painfully cringing years of embarrassing appeals Leo Frank unsuccessfully waged, had worked their way through the appellate courts to their final conclusion in April 1915, Mary Phagan’s Mother Mrs. Frances E. L. Coleman in 1915 would finally sue the National Pencil Company for a huge sum of money at the time, $10 Grand, it was over the wrongful death of her daughter, strangled noonish April 26, 1913. Though she won the case, she was only able to collect a small percentage of the money.

Overdue Bill

Harry Scott originally hired by Sigmund Montag on behalf of Leo Frank — to “ferret out the real murderer, whoever it might be” — from the controversial and world renowned National Pinkerton Detective Agency, sued the National Pencil Company for an unpaid detective bill of a little more than about $1,300.  The refusal to pay the private investigation bill was due to the mood of the National Pencil Company leadership who were upset and felt their statement, “ferret out the real murderer, whoever it might be” was meant to be public lip service to show and faux that they really cared. Sigmund Montag and Leo Frank ultimately expected that under their personal veneer of indignation, the detectives they hired, would protect their interests. Little did they know, police, investigators and detectives – independent or government – tend to stick with their own “kind”.

From the perspective of the Pinkertons, detective Harry Scott reviewed every single detail of the case he had gathered meticulously, he thought with absolute mathematical certainty it was Leo Frank who committed the murder of Mary Phagan, so much so, that he might have embellished and fabricated evidence against Leo Frank when he testified at the trial as quack Jewish Historian and Librarian Steven Goldfarb suggests (American Heritage, October, 1996).

Pinkertons Betray NPCo

The NPCo felt betrayed because they didn’t like the outcome of “ferret out the real murderer, whoever it might be” and with-held payment for the independent private investigation of the murder of Mary Phagan in their factory.

Both cases against the NPCo were won, they would surely be interesting reading as the Pinkerton case revealed a tidbit of juicy details not given at the 1913 Leo Frank trial, in 1915 Harry Scott on the witness stand recalled, “the insecure nature all the way through of Leo Frank’s eyes”, when he was originally began questioned in detail Leo M. Frank about Mary Phagan, on April 28, 1913. Remarking after the first day of the trial, newspaper journalists would corroborate this insecurity when they noticed Leo Frank averted his eyes and would not look at Mary Phagan’s mother when she went on the witness stand. It left people wondering why a man who claimed he was innocent could not look the mother of the murder victim in the face when she testified.

Detective Harry Scott also found it a smidgen odd, that Leo Frank claimed he did not know Mary Phagan, but later Leo Frank told Pinkerton Detective Harry Scott that John M. Gantt had been intimate with Mary Phagan. Pinkerton Detective Harry Scott thought to himself how could Leo Frank not know Mary Phagan when he knew such an intimate detail about her. That tidbit of information led to the arrest of John M. Gantt, former paymaster at the NPCo, but he was quickly removed as a suspect after producing a corroborated alibi.

An interesting turn of events that later evolved into a clincher was ultimately what Leo Frank said on two separate days about Newt Lee’s time card.

The Grave Yard Shift

On Sunday Morning, April 27, 1913, Leo Frank was taken into his second floor office at the National Pencil Company on 37 to 41 South Forsyth Street, still accompanied by the police after viewing Mary Phagan’s corpse at P.J. Bloomfield’s Mortuary. With the police closely following behind, Leo Frank approached the time clock in his office, took the nightwatchman Newt Lee’s time slip out from it and began examining the scheduled punches from the evening of April 26 to the early morning of April 27. With police curiously looking over Leo Frank’s shoulder at the time slip, as he slowly eyeballed it from the top of the time card starting from 6PM on April 26, 1913 down to 3AM on April 27, 1913, Leo Frank verbally confirmed that Newt Lee correctly punched the clock every half hour as he was supposed to during his graveyard-shift.

Hired only three weeks before April 26, 1913, Newt Lee was employed as the factory nightwatchman, it was his job to do non-stop security rounds, which involved walking across each of the four levels of the National Pencil Company building with his smokey lantern. As part of his security rounds, Newt Lee was required to punch the time clock in Leo Frank’s office every half hour. By Leo Frank saying Newt Lee’s time card was punched correctly every half hour, it tended to affirm Newt Lee was present in the factory and doing his job correctly as he was required. The police also felt that because Newt Lee had punched his card regularly as expected and reported the body of Mary Phagan immediately after he had discovered her body, he was acting in accordance with what might be considered normal behavior.

Recap of Leo Frank’s Deposition

On Monday Morning, April 28, 1913, Leo Frank was taken down to the Atlanta police station to make a statement, which would later be submitted as part of the evidence at the 29-day trial (July 28 to August 25, 1913) called State’s Exhibit B. It was during this time, Leo Frank made intimations that Newt Lee did not punch his card correctly and that there were 3 or 4 places on his time card that Newt Lee did not punch every half hour as he should have, He showed the police this new doctored up time card and it was also submitted by the Leo M. Frank legal defense team at the trial.

The implication was that Newt Lee had 3 or 4 separate one hour segments of unaccounted-for-time he could have left the factory or his whereabouts were simply unknown. When the police juxtaposed this newfangled time card against the murder notes, it was beginning to look really bad for Newt Lee the “Night Witch”.

The implication, content and suppositions of the “death notes” found by the strangled body of Mary Phagan accusing the “Night Witch” (Night Watch) of sexual assault turned all eyes on Leo Frank once the metal room forensic evidence was revealed in the afternoon of Monday, April 28, 1913.

At the trial, defense witness Pinkerton Detective Harry Scott, would tell a stunned courtroom that Leo Frank admitted to a conversation with Mary Phagan that when she asked him [Leo Frank] if the metal had come, Leo Frank responded to Mary Phagan, “I Don’t Know”, instead of “no”, opening the doorway of three dimensional time and space, creating the visual of Leo and Mary walking from Leo Frank’s second floor inner office to the metal room for the purpose of find out if the brass sheets of had arrived or not.

An experienced detective is the equivalent of a seasoned psychologist in terms of being able to read body language and asking the right questions. The excuse that Leo Frank was only nervous during the investigation because of what he saw at P.J. Bloomfield’s mortuary did not fly, especially when the Jury watched Leo Frank for 29 days as he sat in front of them, un-obscured, with nothing between himself, and them. At the trial Leo Frank was acting invincibly calm, cool and collected, after a frightened first few days. Nightwatchman Newt Lee at the trial said Leo Frank was acting noticeably nervous, bustling and frenetic on the afternoon of April 26, 1913, suspiciously requesting assertively to Newt Lee that he must leave the building for 2 hours or no more than 2.5 hours.

The National Pencil Company, destined for financial and business greatness in the golden future of the roaring 20’s, as a possible world class international pencil company, imploded financially and suffered a tragic death in the bowels of Jewish history, all because of one infatuated man frustrated with a little girl he could not have and that scorned him.

The factory went bankrupt as to be expected and the whole 1913 to 1986 Leo Frank affair became dark blood stain on the chapter of 20th century Jewish history in America, not because of one man named Leo Frank, but because countless Jewish individuals, groups and powerful interests have attempted aggressively to rehabilitate the image and reputation of Leo Max Frank for more than 100 years in the most treacherous ways.

Leo Frank’s wealthy uncle Moses “Moe” Frank (who knew Leo Max Frank intimately and hired Leo in August 1908 based on his nephews genuine academic credentials and his personification of German engineering, training and qualifications), was the old angel investor and major stock holder who in great part made the National Pencil Company possible, and he was no where to be found at the Leo Frank trial, just like Leo Frank’s Father, Rudolph Frank. Moe is said to have left Atlanta, April 21, 1913, for Brooklyn NY, just before embarking on another sojourn to Europe with his 20-years-younger second wife Sara Frank.

A very contrived letter (see images) was allegedly mailed to Moses Frank on April 26, 1913, written by Leo Frank in the time range of the Phagan murder, and it was erroneously submitted as evidence by the defense. The condescendingly dark and morbid letter was meant to show the court Leo Frank’s very “calm and zen like” state of mind on the day of the murder, and though it was added as evidence at the trial, Dorsey made a mockery of its contents.

Some Neutral observes think Leo Frank was drunk and possibly on drugs with the “Thin Gray Line?”, why would Leo Frank hintingly mock his uncle Moe born in the 1840’s with death? Nothing Starting at the factory?!

Moses Frank disappeared into the woodwork and was sure to slip off for the German Empire on a business and pleasure trip with his young wife Sarah Frank, thus making it virtually impossible for Dorsey to subpoena Moses “Moe” Frank. The outer portion of the letter was never recovered as might be normally expected, but a typed version was submitted instead of the original hand written letter and questions about its unusual contents, style and message emerged (Koenigsberg, The Leo Frank Case, Opened or Closed, 2011).

Get ready to learn the intricate details about the most unusual Jewish-Gentile conflict and flare-ups in early US history, what it revealed and why it has turned into a 100 year strong cultural race war between Jews and Gentiles.

Portrait of Leo Frank:
Leo Maxwell Frank (April 17, 1884 – August 17, 1915)
Also stylized as:

1. Leo Max Frank (the name chiseled on his tombstone within Mount Carmel Cemetery NYC),

2. Leo M. Frank (his name and signature on official legal documents),
3. Leo Frank (his name known by the public), or just simply
4. Leo or Frank (for short).

Welcome to The Biography of Leo Frank:
The early years…
    Meet the Franks:

The closest family members of Leo Frank clan that is


Papa: Rudolph Frank (November 5, 1844 to 1/15/1922), a Jew of North-Central European Ashkenazim roots was born and raised in Germany in the mid 1800’s onward, until he later immigrated into the United States in the latter half of the 19th century circa 1869. Rudolph would make several career changes during his life and live in at least three vastly differing places, German Empire, Brooklyn New York, and Paris Texas. In the 1880 Census, Rudolph said he was 35 years old (Census Report, 1880). Rachel Frank in 1913 reported Rudolph was 67 and that his health had begun to fail in 1911 / 1912 from a nervous “crisis” forcing him to no longer be able to work as a traveling salesman, and given the life expectancy in this era was around 50 years, Rudolph lived a long life to his late 70’s when he passed away from cancer in Brooklyn on January 15, 1922. Leo Frank using the eugenics terminology of the era described his father’s absence at his 1913 trial saying it was because Rudolph Frank had become an “Invalid” (Leo Frank Statement, Trial BOE, August, 18, 1913). Rudolph was buried in Mount Carmel Cemetery in Queens, NY at Frank-Stern family grave plot in grave site #4 location: 1-E-41-1035-4 to the right of his wife Rachel “Rae, Rea” Frank.

Mama: Rachel “Ray” Jacobs Frank (April 16, 1859 to 1/1/1925), an Ashkenazim Jew was born of German-Jewish immigrant parents living in NYC and she was not only raised in Brooklyn, but spent the vast majority of her life in New York, except for a 3 year stint in Texas, and several months in Georgia for certain during the Frank-Selig wedding, murder trial, some appeals and for other family affairs. She was buried in Mount Carmel Cemetery in Queens, NY at Frank-Stern family grave site #3 location: 1-E-41-1035-3.

Sister: Marian Frank (1886 to 1948), Leo’s baby sister by 2 years at about the age of 24 she became Marian Stern in 1910, when she married an Otto Stern in NYC. Marian Frank Stern lived a long life for the period, born on Oct 18 1886, she died 4/2/1948, and is buried at Mount Carmel Cemetery in Frank-Stern family grave site #12: 1-E-41-1035-12. Long lived Otto Stern, her husband, born March 11, 1882 died 5/26/1963 and is buried next to Marian at Mount Carmel Cemetery in Frank-Stern family grave site #11: 1-E-41-1035-11.

The Patriarch of the Frank Family: Uncle Moe (who embodied Luck is opportunity met with a prepared mind) & his “Someone Robbed the Cradle” young wife Aunt Sarah:

Moses Frank (1841-1927)

Rudolph Frank’s older brother was Moses (Moe) Frank. Leo’s “rich” uncle Moe who made his fortune in cotton oil speculation, was the primary angel investor and visionary who made the National Pencil Company possible. According to Koenigsberg, “Moses Frank, an 1856 immigrant from Dudelsheim in Hesse-Darmstadt” (2011), naturalized as an American citizen in Atlanta, 1865 or New York, NY, 1864, depending on different accounts within the Ellis Island Manifest Records (Free to register:

Moe lived and adopted Atlanta as his homebase and traveled back and forth often from there to Brooklyn, and from Brooklyn on and off during his numerous world travel launches in NYC. Atlanta was where he married his first wife Jane Wilson Kelly, a (divorced) woman who had 3 children, and after she died in 1904, as a widower, Moe re-married a second time to young Sara, she was about 20 years his junior, and she joined the Frank clan in 1909 as Sara Frank. Moe had even been in Atlanta the very week of April 21st 1913 with his second wife Sara (Koenigsberg, Leo Frank Case, 2010).

At a time of the early 20th century when people died in their early 50’s, the long lived Moses died in his 80’s in 1927 and when all things are considered he lived an awesome, interesting, well traveled, complicated and fulfilling life – despite the devastation his nephew caused to his investment the National Pencil Co.

Moe is buried at Mount Carmel Cemetery in Queens, NY, in the Frank-Stern family grave plot, at grave site #5 location: 1-E-41-1035-5.

Sara Frank, 18 or 20 years Junior to Moe (she changed her age on Ellis Island Manifest documents during different trips, was born circa 1860 or 1862, and she died in her 70’s on 8/1/1937, about 10 years after Moe. Aunt Sara is buried next to Uncle Moe at Mount Carmel Cemetery in Queens, NY, at Frank-Stern family grave plot, grave site #6 location: 1-E-41-1035-6.

Uncle Moe: Moses Frank the Confederate Veteran? NOT!

Steve Oney describes Moe as, “Confederate veteran Moses Frank” (Oney, 2003, p. 10), but despite being over cited without any reliable sources to back it up by Leo Frank partisan writers, Moses Frank never served in the Confederate Army and despite the high survival rate of enlistment documents, there are no records of any kind or any reliable evidence to support that Moses was ever in any U.S. Military, North or South, nor do any of his numerous eulogies make reference to him as a Confederate veteran (Koenigsberg, 2011). The unsubstantiated claim of Moe as a confederate veteran seems to come erroneously from Attorney Reuben Rose Arnold who on a whim in October 1913 makes a passing mention of Moses as a Confederate veteran in his emotional-appeal speech to Judge Leonard S. Roan to get Leo Frank a new trial (‘The Trial of Leo Frank, Reuben R. Arnold’s Address to the Court on his Behalf’ in October 1913.). Perhaps Arnold threw in that unverified fact in the mix hoping it would make Leo seem less of an outsider to the South, but those cozy warm and fuzzy attempts did not help his case. Besides, Leo had lived in Atlanta for 5 years and was well connected.

Frank-Stern family grave plot #1 (1-E-41-1035-01): Alas, it is Empty, it was specifically reserved For Mrs. Lucille S. Frank when the day of her passing should arrive, so she could rest in peace for all eternity next to her beloved husband, however she softly and soundly rejected that proposition with the utmost of subtle politesse that transcended time and space. Lucille S. Frank aka Mrs. Leo Frank died in 1957, in her short will notarized in 1954 (Probate Office, Atlanta, 2011) she disbursed her personal items and specifically requested cremation (Signed by Mrs. Lucille S. Frank, in the Will of Lucille Selig Frank, 1954), it was a trifle bit odd and unusual for a faithful and practicing Jewess from a prominent Jewish family, it was also a very honest and candid verdict given for the 1913 Leo Frank trial nearly 44 years after the fact, but this Jurywoman was no ordinary jurist peer called to pass impartial judgment, it was the beloved wife of Leo Frank, a woman who stood by her husband invincibly and faithfully throughout the whole humiliating ordeal of appearances, posturing, veneer and double-think.

When the pretentious curtain of Jewish family life and society obscuring the reality of truth was pulled away, it was all an uncomfortable dog and pony show, a charade Lucy had to feign and suffer her way through from 1913 to 1915, and perhaps till April 23, 1957 when she passed away, but her 1954, reveals she was finally mentally free of the painful chains of pretentiousness. And after the August 17, 1915, lynching and Leo’s voluminous prison love letters were to be no more in 1915, nothing could prevent Lucy from facing the painfully repressed truth of what really happened that distant Saturday in the late evening of April 26, 1913, within the privacy of their bed chamber, according to Minola’s State’s Exhibit J if it were true.

The repressed memory torturing Lucille Selig Frank for three days shy of 44 years, was the “second Leo Frank murder confession”, a perplexing breakdown which occurred on that infamous Saturday night, and later revealed to the police on June 3, 1913, via Lucille’s negro servant.

All three in total Leo Frank confessions that are known from the official record, couldn’t be repressed forever, let alone the second one which became unmistakable for Mrs. Leo M. Frank. Lucille endured a lifetime of dark quiet solemn deep pain, feeling betrayed by the husband she had loved unshakably.

Fading Whispers

No matter where Lucy went in Atlanta, the stigma did not fade so easily, glances, odd prolonged stares and furtive whisperings would follow her, but would wane quickly over the years and decades that followed.

The significance of it all would come to a supernova inferno from a spark of fiery light within the consciousness of the cosmos returning to the deep dark slumber of the source.

The equivalent of a lifetime, 42 years after the August 17, 1915, lynching and August 20th, 1915, burial, of Leo Frank, her beloved husband who rested under a chiseled stone with the words: “Semper Idem” translates from Latin to English “Always the Same” (, 2011) is when Lucy passed away in 1957 of heart failure – a broken heart. Lucille Selig Frank left an unmistakably clear “message from the grave” with her written and notarized last will and testament reflecting the decision to be cremated and thus by softly sold fiat, meant she would not buried next to her beloved husband. She requested to her family to have her ashes disbursed in an Atlanta park, but allegedly a local ordinance forbade it.

And though the ultimate disposal of her ashes were not specified in the available record of her will, the empty grave site reserved for Lucy immediately next to her buried husband Leo, was an equally invincible message that was loud and clear, and her honorable and loving family being able to read between the lines did the honest thing burying Lucille’s ashes in an unmarked grave between the tombstones of her loving parents and not sprinkling them over the empty grave site reserved for Lucille Selig Frank in the Mount Carmel Cemetery left of her deceased husband Leo Frank.

Lucy never remarried and the image of facing Lucy in court, seeing her as an observer from the Jury box sitting faithfully, defiantly and indignantly to the left of Leo Frank is a powerful vision. Sitting to the right of Leo Frank was his mother Ray Frank, but that invincible image of being flanked by loyalty did not survive to the grave in the Mount Carmel Cemetery.

The empty grave site to the left of Leo Frank in Queens, NY, is a Banquos Ghost of the only woman to put in a silent ballot verdict for the August 25, 1913, Leo Frank trial.

One Big Charade of Perpetuated Lies

In regards to Lucille, one can only imagine the real grief of having to bitterly relive the intricate web and haunting calamity of trials, conflicts and tribulations in nightmares and day dreams, day by day, week by week, month by month, year by year and decade by decade.


The 1915 lynching was in some ways a deep sighing catharsis and final relief for Lucille, a women who knew in the deepest reaches of her heart, soul and intellect the unmistakable true guilt of her husband, after all, one can act out words, uphold obligations to Jewish family and the watchful eyes of Jewish society, and make all the temper tantrum and stoic indignant appearances, but beneath the many masks of the masquerade balls, this well born clever woman was hiding the pain of the humiliating truth, it was the burden of weariness and hurt she had to bare for the rest of her days.

After a Life Time of Dark Pain Her Heart Became Free Again Like a White Dove opening its wings in 1954

However, during the winding down years of her life, in 1954 Lucy became free, coming to terms with letting go of a life time of pretend, make believe and wishful thinking, it was an awaking moment of enlightenment, freedom and liberty that few people can fathom unless they experience being swept into a maelstrom where you have to live your entire life based on a complicated web of lies.

The Empty Grave

The self-requested cremation of Lucille Selig Frank and the empty grave plot #1 in the Frank-Stern funeral parcel are never enunciated with any honest depth and critical interpretation by the Frankites, Jewish community or Leo Frank Partisans, because Lucille’s cremation tends to vindicate the unanimous verdict of the trial Jury and State’s Exhibit J.

The Cremation was also in some ways the ultimate vindication of State’s Exhibit J, given by the Frank-Selig cook and cleaner Minola McKnight, which revealed Leo Frank had made his first murder confession to his wife, when he admitted murdering Mary Phagan in a drunken stupor to Lucille in their private bed chamber on the late evening of Saturday, April 26, 1913 (Minola McKnight, State’s Exhibit J, June 3, 1913). That was the private Leo Frank murder confession on the evening of April 26, 1913, the public Leo Frank murder confession would come in the afternoon of August 18, 1913 (Leo Frank Statement, BOE, August 18, 1913).

The public Leo Frank Murder Confession at his Trial on August 18, 1913:

Now gentlemen [of the Jury], to the best of my recollection from the time the whistle blew for twelve o’clock [noon on Saturday, April 26, 1913] until after a quarter to one [12:46 p.m.] when I went up stairs and spoke to Arthur White and Harry Denham [at the rear of the fourth floor], to the best of my recollection, I did not stir out of the inner office [at the front of the second floor]; but it is possible that in order to answer a call of nature or to urinate I may have gone to the toilet [in the metal room at the rear of the second floor]. Those are things that a man does unconsciously and cannot tell how many times nor when he does it (Leo Frank Trial Statement, August 18, Brief of Evidence, 1913).

The Final Verdict of the Jurywoman

For Lucille to request cremation and thus not be buried with her husband, is one of those quiet, lets-pretend-it-never-happened humiliations for the self-deceiving and myopic Jewish community which has perfected the art of repression and re-writing history. As Jewish historians and writers ignore its deeper subtle meaning, or play it off as just not relevant enough to mention the depths of it, the symbolism of the unmarked grave of Lucille is a monument of truth that can not be spun.

How did Lucille Solve the Dilemma?

The tradition for Jewish Widows throughout the Jewish ages is burial next to their deceased husbands, but if Lucille Selig Frank was not buried next to her husband because of instructions from her will and to her family, it would have been a very loud and clear statement, given that the cemetery Grave Plot #1 (immediately left of Leo Frank) was specially reserved for Lucille Frank so she could be buried next to her husband Leo Max Frank, who is contained within Grave Plot #2.

Looking at the trial Photo of Lucille Selig Frank, sitting left flank of Leo Frank and his Mother Ray Frank to his right flank, one sees this vision on the grassy knoll where Leo Frank is buried, alas, there is no Lucille Frank for his left flank. Let the Frankites and ADL spin their way out of this one.

For an intelligent and clever woman like Lucille Selig Frank, the public charade of presenting herself as the loyal, feather brained naive and incensed wife was finally far from over in the years and decades after the lynching. Lucille Frank chose the nontraditional, but appropriate option: cremation, it was the soft, gentle and subtle way, to save the Jewish community the humiliation of Lucy openly choosing not to be buried next to Leo Frank (because Lucille wasn’t insensitive after all, she just wasn’t going to spend all eternity next to her deceased cheating husband), in many ways it was Lucille Selig Frank’s own unmistakable final verdict in the Leo Frank trial of 1913, when she passed away in 1957.

Grave Plot #2: Leo Frank 1-E-41-1035-02 08/17/1915
Grave Plot #3: Ray Frank 1-E-41-1035-03 01/01/1925
Grave Plot #4: Rudolph Frank 1-E-41-1035-04 01/15/1922
Grave Plot #5: Moses Frank 1-E-41-1035-05 1927
Grave Plot #6: Sarah Frank 1-E-41-1035-06 08/01/1937

STERN, MARIAN 1-E-41-1035-12 04/02/1948
STERN, OTTO 1-E-41-1035-11 05/26/1963

1881: From Texas to New York City – An Arranged Marriage in the Jewish Enclave of Brooklyn

Step back to the early 1880’s, not at all uncommon during Jewish history and the era, an arranged German Jewish marriage was organized between a much older gentleman (lucky old goat) and a blandly attractive young Jewess. It was the typical selective breeding program that has been a permanent fixture over the Jewish centuries, the older intelligent gentleman obtaining a young healthy breeder and housewife. In far off Brooklyn, NY, in 1881 Rudolph Frank and Rachel Jacobs married within the Jewish enclave of Brooklyn, NY. Rudolph Frank “robbed the cradle” as they say and was 15 to 16 years Rachel Jacob’s senior (1844 verses 1859). After their traditional Brooklyn-Jewish marriage and honeymoon, they made the great voyage returning to Rudolph’s humble abode in Cuero (Paris), Texas, for about the next 3 Years (1881 to 1884).

Ironically in terms of “robbing the cradle”, Twenty Nine Year Old Leo Frank (1884 to 1915) was about 16 years senior to 13 year old little Mary Anne Phagan (1899 to 1913) when he became the prime suspect of the bludgeoning (12:03 to 12:04), rape and strangulation (12:05 to 12:18) of her on Saturday, April 26, 1913, Confederate Memorial Day, in the metal room on the second floor of the National Pencil Company located at 37 to 41 South Forsyth Street.

“The Perfect Family”

Several years and more after Rudolph Frank and Rachel Jacobs married, they created the proverbial “perfect family” and had two children together, a boy and a girl, in the “perfect order”, first a son named Leonard Maxwell who was born at their Texas residence in 1884, followed by a daughter Marian in Brooklyn, two years thereafter in 1886.

Leo, Rudolph and Rachel Frank, Early Family Life in Texas – 1880’s and onward

Rudolph Frank, had served as the local postmaster in Cuero, Texas (Also known as Paris Texas), and before emigrating from Europe into the United States, he had formerly some training and experience as a physician back in his “ancestral homeland” of Germany, but he unfortunately never completed the course work necessary in medicine to become a fully recognized Doctor. In the United States, he certainly would have had the option of completing his studies, and plugging into the lucrative Doctor Pharmacy matrix after upgrading his training in the US, but he did not go this route and instead became a traveling salesman until he was unable to work any longer.

Brooklyn Native, Rachel (Rae or Ray) Jacobs Frank (a Jew Yorker by birth), traditional for the time, became a young home maker after her marriage to Rudolph, but the young housewife felt like a withering flower once she was physically uprooted and transplanted into the boiling-hot, primitive and rural makeshift town in Paris (Cuero), Texas, after she was replanted far far away from her parents home in throbbing Brooklyn, a once lushly sylvan and green oasis, an eternally urban-suburban hip borough of New York City. For the Jewish gene pool the mega cities of America, like NYC offered the best protection, opportunity and improvement for the Americanized Ashkenazim. It was not just Manhattan, but Brooklyn and all of NYC that often attracted the best of the aggressive, racially conscious, eugenic, agitation, revolutionary Jewish gene pools.

Summer Heat of 1883: The Conception of Leo Frank

One day during the sexual heat of a hot and dry Texas summer in July, 1883, all the biological stars were in alignment, Rudolph and Ray had finally after nearly 2 years of marriage and trying, finally conceived their first child.

It’s Official: Ray Frank is Pregnant 1883

The pregnancy would eventually be affirmed for sure when during the early first trimester Rachel Ray began experiencing all those natural signs of being “prego”, including morning sickness and barfing.

In time Rachel would put her hand on her new bump and in turn it would become for future Moma Ray and Papa Rudolph a glorious, momentous and celebrated moment “unknowing” what was to eventually come, is it a boy or a girl? What do we name our child or who do we name our child after? With a high infant mortality rate back in those days, it was enough to make the newly wed couple nervous, uncertain and excited about their unknown future. Rudolph would have been walking around puffed up and proud-chested, glowing and beaming, the old goat was going to become a father afterall, he was beside himself with joy and praying for a son.

Hurray! It’s a Boy!

They did not know it at the time, because there were no sonograms or other gender determining sciences available, but they were to be eventually surprised at birth.

Nine months after conception, on April 17, 1884, a son was born to a relieved Rudolph. Leo Frank had entered the world in their wooden frame home in the small Texas town known as Paris. The Frank’s humble little abode was located about 100 or so miles from San Antonio, Texas.

Talk of moving away for better opportunities and “greener pastures” began before Leo was born and would intensify immediately thereafter, more importantly the social infrastructure and extended family network was mostly back in mean and green urban Brooklyn, NOT in the bland, droll and drab, tumble weed fields and listless planes of wild west 19th century Texas with a population less than 2 million, the wide little semi Defacto Texas Republic had fields that seemed endless!

It is said, that as hard as it is to believe in an age where every keystroke is recorded, they didn’t have birth certificates back then in Texas at least in that “neck of the woods”.



It’s Time to Pack Our Bags HONEY, We’re Movin’ (BACK) to Brooklyn! O’Thank Heavens! Rachel was tired of slumming it.

The freshly formed Frank clan would follow through with no doubts or hesitations, embarking on an arduous journey, and the three of them would soon emigrate forever from the flat, rural, provincial, yawning and wild cowboyesque Texas, to the hustling and bustling cosmopolitan North East where life was truly lucid and intense. Where one could live deeply and suck the marrow out of the bones of life, as Henry David Thoreau might have quipped about Brooklyn had be been born there.

The best gene pools in the world were created and born within the womb of Brooklyn.

1884 Summer: Rudolph, Rachel and Sweet Baby Leo Frank

A tumultuous turning point for the new Frank family began with the summer of 1884, the complicated move at the time would have taken weeks of careful planning, organizing, and packing, their voyage was unfolding at a time in U.S. history when far-reaching travel was rough and painfully slow, but fortunately patience was plentiful — though trying at times.

The Frank family made the right choice when they decided to relocate from the slow and boring small-town of Cuero, Texas, thousands of miles away, back to the home-town of Rachel, that place of brick, rock and brownstone clad buildings, the living suburb within the periphery of NYC known as the borough of Brooklyn (Kings County). Home Sweet Home, Brooklyn had “better-everything” and it was where everyone would benefit and have more opportunities, but not unlike Texas during certain times during the year, their arrival was at the thickest and sweatiest time during the peak of humid mugginess in the sweltering New York City summer heat.

No words might describe the ecstasy of finally settling in for a bit, sliding in and marinating in a large soothing claw foot bath tub after such a long stinky trip, which had stop overs, random annoyances and delays. It was so nice to have plumbing and toilets with running water vs. the crescent moon carved and shabby phone booth style outhouses of Texas that perpetually stunk to high heaven.

Wow, Brooklyn has electricity and running water without a well, and sewers to boot, what a concept!

Cute little cone headed and round faced baby Leo Frank, who not only looked more like his mother than his father, but he also got her generic good looks too. Sweet baby Leo Frank was barely three months old at the time of this immense pilgrimage and major relocation, he was still suckling nourishing milk from his mothers bosom and it would naturally be a traumatic move for him, but possibly instilling a little bit of that restless spirit in the environmental mix with his diasphoratic DNA genetic heritage, afterall his uncle Moses was a globe trotter himself. That long dramatic journey from one side of the country to the other, would not be his first or last metaphorically speaking and it certainly left a powerful impression upon him in a very abstract way, not unlike his future travels which would be even more dramatic in 1905 and 1907/1908 with two European Trips (Ellis Island Records, 1905, 1908).

Finally, after settling into NYC, Rudolph Frank took a job as a traveling salesman and Rachel “Ray” resumed her roll as home maker. Two years later and in the chillier NY months, a baby sister had arrived, Marian Frank, was born during a chilly day in 1886 in Brooklyn.


Leo and Marian looked so cute together.


Leo looks like the male version of Rachel Rae-Ray Jacobs Frank as a child, but Franks Eastern European round plate face would narrow and square down a bit, giving him a more oval chiseled athletic handsome-fit-nerd look in his prime of 29.

Education: Public Schools, College Prep at Pratt Institute, Cornell University 1902 to 1906, Overseas Trip in 1905


Leo Frank spent his most formative years in Brooklyn, NYC, where he grew up and was educated at public schools and the prestigious college prep school, the Pratt Institute of Brooklyn, a creative and artsy-fartsy institution of higher learning which is still running strong more than 100 years after Leo attended. One can only imagine what a fascinating place Brooklyn must have been like in the decades surrounding the turn of the century as it was going through its own unique development and evolution in its lifecycle.


Leo M. Frank was a star student and matriculated into Cornell University in Ithaca, NY (Tuition of $100), from the Fall of 1902 and studied there until his college graduation ceremony in June of 1906. At Cornell, Leo Frank studied Mechanical Engineering and dabbled in numerous hobbies, sports, and numerous social affairs.

Summer of 1905

In the summer of 1905 between his Junior and Senior year at Cornell, Leo Frank went on his first (of two) overseas trip(s), visiting various countries, meeting with extended family, taking black and white photos (some of which survived) and spending time with his world traveling investor uncle Moses Frank who was 63 at the time according to the original manifest documents (Ellis Island Manifest, 1905). Ellis island passage records revealed mostly when people arrived in the United States, not when they left (Ellis Island Record Rules). Steve Oney has one trip for Leo Frank in 1906, as a Cornell graduation activity, which is wrong and not corroborated by official Records at Ellis Island or Cornell University Documents. US Passports were not universally or generally required until circa 1917/8 and beyond with the unraveling of world war I, the history of passports is mainly very gray and murky in terms of its crisp universal agreed upon use in 1980. Leo Frank did apply for a passport in the single digits of the 20th century, where he put his height at 5’8″ (Leo Frank Passport Application, 190N).

Leo Frank’s 10 Day Atlantic Trip ended on September 24, 1905, when he arrived at Ellis Island with his uncle, they had departed together from Hamburg, Cuxhaven, on September 14, 1905 (Ellis Island Records, 1905).

According to the Ellis Island Records, Leo Frank sailed on the ‘Hamburg’. :

[The Hamburg] Built by A/G Vulcan Shipyard, Stettin, Germany, 1900. 10,532 gross tons; 521 (bp) feet long; 60 feet wide. Steam quadruple expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 15 knots. 2,170 passengers (290 first class, 100 second class, 1,780 third class).Two masts and two funnels. Steel hull and four decks. Crew 225.

Built for Hamburg-American Line, German flag, in 1899 and named Hamburg. Hamburg-Far East, New York from 1904, Genoa-NY from 1906 service. Interned at New York at the start of World War I in August 1914. Chartered in 1914 and renamed Red Cross. US Red Cross service. Renamed Hamburg in 1917. Seized by US Government, in 1917 and renamed Powhatan. US troopship service. Known as the USS Powhatan, SP 3013. Transferred to U.S. Shipping Board, in 1919. Chartered by Baltic S.S Corp. Of America, US flag, in 1920 and renamed New Rochelle. New York-Danzig service. Chartered by U.S. Mail Steamship Company, in 1921. Also New York-Danzig service. Renamed Hudson in 1921. Also New York-Danzig service. Chartered by United States Lines, in 1921. New York-Bremerhaven service. Renamed President Fillmore in 1922. Also New York-Bremerhaven service. Transferred to Dollar Line, American flag, in 1924. Around-the-world service. Scrapped in the United States in 1928.


During Frank’s college years at his Alma mater, he engaged in chess, cards, tennis, and played basketball for his class team – Leo Frank was a handsome athlete and scholar who looked a lot like the fictional character Donnie Darko (Jake Gyllenhaal) during his college years and he certainly had another side to him too.


During his free time Frank engaged in Jewish fraternal activities and practiced amateur photography. The 1906 Cornell yearbook has Frank listed as a member of the Cornell Society of Mechanical Engineering (CSME). Frank was also a member of the Cornell Congress and the H. Morse Stephens debate team. If Frank’s participation in the multitude that is college and his ability to multi-task were any indication of his potential future, he was destined for greatness, but on the flip side our intuition and instincts tell us there’s also something unusual, even freaky about Leo Frank, some of Leo Franks pictures below and above reveal a real kind of unbalanced “donnie darko” side about him.


Meet: Leo Freak, his Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde alter ego.Something just isn’t right.
A posthumous core drilling sample of Leo Frank should be conducted to obtain his genetic equation, sequence it to determine its multifactorial genetic composition and compare it with other violent criminals and pedophile men who murder children to determine DNA patterns, and also use parallel super computers to determine propensities and see what gene patterns make one prone to these kinds of psychotic behaviors.

Notice those freaky bulging psychotic serial killer eyes, can you imagine having to stare into those eyes or have those winking cockeye’d lazy-eyes making subtle sexual innuendos at you? Would you not be freaked out from the vantage point of a pre-teen or teenage girl? Leo definitely has some serious hormonal imbalance issues (hyperthyroidism?) and possibly physiological problems from both environment and hereditary, not to mention the factor of his excessive consumption of drugs, booze, cigarettes, and whoring, one can only wonder how those imbalances may have affected his mind and propensities from time to time. When Leo Frank killed Mary, he snapped violently, and the question is why? Frank had access to the company treasury, and his favorite mamsan, Nina Formby, was a phone call away to order an unlimited supply of child prostitutes, so why did he single out Mary? Is it because she spurned his advances and overtures, scorning him?

However, Leo also seems to be a good nature’d kind of guy for the most part, who had great managerial talents. What we have here is a real Dr. Jeckyll and Mr. Hyde, as Dorsey accurately put it (Dorsey, Closing Arguments, August, 1913) – this double life and double personality is not at all uncommon in humans.

Employment 1906 to 1913


After college, Frank took a job in the summer of 1906 as a draftsman for the B.F. Sturtevant (Sturdivant) Company in bone chilling and frozen tundra Hyde Park, Massachusetts, 6 months later he returned to New York as the brisk chilly fall turned into a frigid NY winter.


In 1907 Frank began a new job working for the National Meter Company of Brooklyn, NY, as a testing engineer and draftsman for about 10 months. Though Leo M. Frank was Ivy League educated at the haughty Cornell University, the best school of higher education New York has to offer (no offense Columbia), he was unable to connect with any kind of steady job – though not because he lacked talent. Leo Frank was a sharp cookie.

1907, 1908 to 1913, Big Opportunities in the South, briefly in 1907, and five years during 1908 to 1913.

Leo Frank’s wealthy world traveling uncle Moses Frank – Moe, had suggested to Leo M. Frank that he should consider becoming involved in a potentially lucrative opportunity and participate on some level in the management, upkeep and maintenance of a new manufacturing venture, a pencil factory in Atlanta, Georgia, one that Moses had just invested in with some serious shekels. After all, Leo Frank was no slouch, he had an engineering degree and it would be most useful and valuable to have a family member on the team being a potentially serious player. Moses “Moe” was no slouch either, he made his golden nest egg from cotton oil speculation, and it was time to make another, because being on permanent vacation and traveling around the world can slowly get very expensive and that’s the honest to God truth. Moses was a vibrant old man, but thought to be blind by 1908 (Koenigsberg,, 2011). Moses was the high-up and undeclared patriarch of sorts for the Frank clan and extended family, he was looked up to and revered as such.

1907 October – Life Changing Event, Atlanta & European Sojourn.

In the middle of October 1907 his uncle Moe – Moses Frank and associates, invited Frank down south to the beautiful burgeoning Atlanta on the brink, it was part pleasure and a family outing, but ultimately a business meeting when all is said and done. What Moses was offering Leo was the opportunity of a lifetime, suggesting that Leo stop working for other people and making them rich, and instead come to work for a newly born family business. Tragically the genius idea of opening a pencil manufacturing plant could have been a shining star or a golden mill, but instead would always be remembered for southerners as the ultimate symbol and collapse of Jewish-Gentile relations in the South, a place located in the blackened heart of Atlanta, Georgia. Defense leader, Luther Rosser in a loud and arrogant basso voice would describe it as a vile hole in his closing argument at the end of the Leo Frank capital murder trial, August 1913.

Frank thought it over, but had that warm tingly feeling of excitement and agreed, after spending 2 weeks getting a little taste of Atlanta, he returned to NYC momentarily and then embarked on a long and bitterly cold Atlantic journey across that dangerous and unforgiving dark-wine Homeric ocean to the country or conglomeration historically known at the time as the “German Empire” — papa Rudolph Frank’s immediate ancestral home land in Europe.

In December 1907 Frank began a 9 month apprenticeship in serious, stern and gruff Germany, to study pencil manufacturing under the tutelage of Eberhard Faber.

Today Eberhard Faber is a name found commonly on pencils, pens and erasers in contemporary and not so far away historical times. Faber built the first U.S. pencil factory in 1861. Faber was the last in a family of lead pencil manufacturers dating back to Kasper Faber, who died in 1784.

August 1, 1908

After a 10 day Atlantic trip across the dark wine homeric ocean, on August 1, 1908, Leo Frank arrived in the United States on Ellis Island, from the port of departure Cherbourg, France. Leo Frank rode across the mighty Atlantic ocean on the The Kaiser Wilhelm II. Built by Vulcan-Werke, Stettin, Germany, launched in 1903 . 19,361 gross tons; 707 (bp) feet long; 72 feet wide. Steam quadruple expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 23 knots. 1,888 passengers (775 first class, 343 second class, 770 third class).Four funnels and three masts.

Built for North German Lloyd, German flag, in 1902 (start date) and named Kaiser Wilhelm II. Bremen, Southampton, Cherbourg and New York service. Laid up U.S. authorities, in 1914. Seized by United States Navy, American flag, in 1917 and renamed USS Agamemnon. Troopship service. Transferred to U.S. Shipping Board, in 1919 and renamed Monticello. Scrapped at Baltimore in 1940.

August, 1908

On August 1st, 1908, Leo M. Frank returned briefly to NYC to kiss and hug his mom and dad, and give noogies to his younger sister sister Marian, then he practically ran out and off, he left his home in Brooklyn, New York, and permanently relocated with all his belongings and luggage to Atlanta, Georgia.

After briefly settling in, on the 10th day of August 1908, Frank was given a medium level entry position in the Frank family business, and he embraced it wholeheartedly, hitting the ground running Leo was sure to climb the corporate ladder. With hard work and dedication, Leo Frank vigorously moved up the ranks in respect, building trust and a developing a reputation for punctuality and meticulousness. In a matter of new york style energy he shown bright as a Jewish star in the South. In time Frank became superintendent, accountant, treasurer and part owner of the National Pencil Company, located in what at the time what was considered the chest pounding heart of Atlanta, Georgia.

In Time, Rising to Superintendent, Accountant, Treasurer and Employee Payer.

When Frank became superintendent of the 37 to 41 S. Forsyth street, National Pencil Company factory, his responsibilities were for purchasing supplies and machinery, accounting, operations, paying off employees and insuring the final production quality exceeded that of competitors. Frank was also made a part time general supervisor of the pencil Lead plant on Bell Street. Frank had a lot of responsibilities, and he worked long hours and his math and science brain were put to good use and as a result his accounting and management skills grew exponentially.

The Creepy Boss with the Rattling Cash Box

Leo Frank was diligently focused on work flow minutiae and efficiency, as a result his upward mobility at the pencil factory was reflective and worthy of him, he worked for nearly five years, reaching the heights of prominence, leadership and responsibility at the apogee of his career while he was in the early age of 29 — just before his arrest, and during this nearly half-decade (August 10th 1908 to Tuesday, April 28th 1913) of service he had developed a general reputation amongst the general public at face value as a good chap with promising potential. His rich uncle Moses, was proud of Leo and saw him as the perfect man to command the helm of the factories on the ground.

In general Leo Frank exhibited all the behaviors you would want in a leader, an early bird, punctual, hard working, obsessive compulsive, good at math and when it came to accounting, paying attention to details, and keeping meticulous books. Leo Frank monitored time cards fanatically and could account for every second of every minute and penny, this is precisely why the business was so successful. From it’s beginnings in 1908, it was a powerhouse by 1913, primarily because of Leo Frank and the occasional dressing down scoldings he received from Sig Montag.

Although Leo Frank was a rockstar at running the show, he had a dark, naughty, perverted, fetishesque and kinky side, the alleged perception of his character amongst a bakers dozen or more of the pre-teen and teenage girls who had labored at the factory, was that Leo Frank was a creepy touchy-feely boss, one whose “claws” came out and Frank got just a wee little bit too close if you know what I mean, but Frank wasn’t always so obvious, he was very subtle sometimes and not always so noticeable in his lecherous deviousness. Naturally given Frank’s position of limelight prominence in the Jewish community, his high leadership position at the factory and his relatively new marriage, all ensured Leo Frank was reminded he had to have some semblance of stealthiness, he wasn’t a dummy after all, and he knew on some level consciously and unconsciously he had to try to maintain some measure of self-control and fertiveness for his friskiness.

Population and Labor Surge

There was an over abundance of child labor available in Atlanta at the time, and no shortage of naive farmgirls who sought a better life in the “fast” urban Southern city away from the droll existence on the “slow” rural fields. The lean muscle rail thin bespectacled handsome nerd, known as Leo Frank was always making couched sexual propositions to a careful selection of his pre-teen and teenage girls working at the factory, they claimed Frank made “implied” innuendos, naughty suggestions, lecherous stares, was openly caught sometimes leering at them in the dressing room, at times winking and got a little bit too familiar at times with some of the girls. There were other allegations too besides aggressive sexual harassment (lasciviousness), that the factory was also being used as a rendezvous for in-call and out-call prostitution under the winking eye of Leo Frank. There were after work during the work week and Saturday Dionysian stress relief parties involving booty, bubbles and beer. The gloomy poorly lit basement was one of the kinky places couples were allowed to rendezvous. In general the factory could be interpreted as becoming the work hard and play hard fiefdom for Lord Leo Frank in a roundabout way, but really he was just trying to blow off some steam and it got way out of hand. Even Darley another married man was seen with a young girl at the movies on Confederate Memorial Day (Koenigsberg, 2011).

Wall to Wall, Row to Row, Column to Column

The jammed rows of fire hazard humping and pumping brothels were just around the corner from the Pencil factory and at the time bursting at the seams with child prostitutes, teenage hookers and fresh street meat. Not so ironically, the National Pencil Company factory was once a bed bug ridden sweaty hotel where grandpa dirties and horn dog men of all ages for that matter, could get their rocks off on the side and bring home STD’s to their unfortunate and unsuspecting house-Frau wives at home. The bordellos were filled with poor, naive and worn out farm girls and child laborers who had been ground down in the slave pits of the malicious “meat grinding” mills and ferociously filthy factories for just pennies an hour, and many finally got turned out for dollars at a time once they realized they could make a weeks wages in a single day of turning tricks. Like all things in life and in the universal cosmos, there are circles, ups-n-downs and waves. Farming was no different, it was periodical, during drought, dry sales and down cycles the cities would be flooded with farm girls and boys looking for any work and wages available. Child Prostitution was an unfortunate part of a city surging in population, where severe poverty was rife, and the testosterone-fueled supply and demands in every possible direction where high. Though on its best day, Atlanta didn’t have even a fraction of the numerical whoring available as NYC did at the time, but pound for pound, Atlanta had more.

Rattle the Money Box, How About it?

In a slap stick kinda way, Frank was also allegedly often making inappropriate sexual innuendos with the cash box in his office, sitting in his swivel chair, with his long skinny boney looking legs spread like a wishbone, slapping his knees, rattling the swollen cash box on the table, smirking, grinning, winking and saying how bout it? Though sexual harassment was no stranger to women in the history of female labor, it was often the biggest complaint in the factories, mills and industrial sweatshops of the time. The number of pre-teen and teenaged girls sexually molested and raped in these horrendous environments are uncountable. The temptation was always there on both sides and turning out girls was a game that today is called today in urban areas, “the crown and the jewels”. It’s a game that has existed and been played in and played out over and over all throughout history, when young naive girls were forced to come into contact and work in the testosterone surging mans world which is why wine, women, whiskey, hormones and testosterone came into play in every direction in three dimensionally. Leo Frank’s Character for Lasciviousness was Bad Frank’s character would be described by more than thirteen of the girls and other factory workers, who would testify against him, saying Frank was, what amounted to a lascivious (sexually aggressive) pedophile and some suggested a frequent dabbler in whoring. Though the words pedophile, whoring and whore monger did not exist at the time, these kinds of descriptions were vividly implied, because more than a bakers dozen employees and former employees of the National Pencil Company made very specific allegations and claims during the Leo Frank trial (July 28 to August 25, 26 1913), even more affidavits supporting these notions would emerge after the trial between 1913 and 1915. Indeed, after the trial, Dorsey to counter the claims of the defense that the accusations were false went ahead and secured more affidavits supporting Frank’s pedophile and naughty-naughty tendencies, including one about a young girl that got knocked up by Frank and revealed a very kinky-sexually-aggressive side of Leo Frank.

Leo Frank was into Bruise Biting

Apparently Frank was into sadist teeth to flesh sexual foreplay, leaving teeth marks and bruises on a little teenage girl he had turned out. Perhaps, the young degenerates DNA has lived on after all, not through his bloated dumpy infertile wife who couldn’t conceive after 3 years of manual procreation, but the sweet young naive lass he debauched at the factory. At Least Ten to One Ratio: People attesting to Leo Frank’s Good Character vs. Bad Character for Lasciviousness Though there were just as many, if not more, a lot more people that came forward to say Frank was not a horny and frisky licentious boss with wood in his pants, taking advantage of his position and power – the quantity numbers game could not save Frank in this situation, because of the “quality” and closeness of those speaking out against him. Pedophile, Like accusing people of Racism: Guilty Until Proven Innocent The accusation people use today when they want to destroy, smear and defame you is to call you a racist or antisemite, or pedophile. It’s a sad reality, but in a situation where a girl claims naughty overtures by the bossman, or any man for that matter, he is almost certainly and always socially considered guilty before innocent.

How Many Witnesses Corroborated Leo Frank’s Naughty Tendencies?

Dorsey put the number at 19 verifiers in his closing arguments (Dorsey, August 1913) making it somewhat virtually impossible to counter that the lascivious tendencies were not true – no matter how many character witnesses Leo Frank “bussed down” from New York. The claims of some of his female employees essentially amounted to pouring a cup of hemlock on his murder trial and poisoning it. Leo Frank was not on trial for pedophilia, adultery, sexual harassment or whoring. The Leo Frank Defense Team would argue that bringing up Frank’s pedophilia and whoring rampages had no place at the trial, because Frank was not on trial to determine if he was a sexual predator, however, the prosecution brought it up only after the defense made the blunder of bringing up Leo Frank’s character. The rule at the time is that you couldn’t challenge the honor of ones character, until the defense brought it up first and they did – big mistake. Once the defense gave the green light, Frank’s lascivious and licentious character became an issue by the prosecution to show Frank’s propensities and tendencies for sexual aggression and whoring as a probable segway or gateway for the theory of why he murdered Phagan and it helped the prosecution build their case. It wiped out over 100 character witnesses Leo Frank had bussed down from the North East, including teachers, and associates from the Pratt Institute of Brooklyn and the uppity Cornell University. It became odd and alien that Frank had to bus in truck loads of Northerners, because the Jury would naturally wonder why can’t Frank, who lived in the south for 5 years, be unable to bring in more local support, people who are from Atlanta and the surrounding area. After all, 5 years in Atlanta is a long time and Frank’s local showing was average at best.

In Lucille’s July 17, 1909 picture with Leo Frank, Lucy looked her best.

When the Big Boned Lucy was Attractive: July 17th 1909, 6 years later Leo’s Throat Would Be Slashed

1910 – Marriage of Mr. Leo Max Frank (1884 to 1915) Marries Miss Lucille Selig (1888-1957).

Meet the Seligs: Daughter, Lucille Cohen, Mama, Josephine Cohen, and Papa, Emil Earlier in 1910, Leo’s baby sister Marian Frank, became Marian Stern after she had married Otto Stern in NYC, and Frank being older by a couple of years felt the half-joking half-serious social pressures at the time and knew he was overdue to marry. Frank was fortunately introduced to Lucille Selig after he had arrived. Once Leo Frank settled in and took permanent residence in Atlanta August of 1908, he began dating Lucy very seriously in 1909, though they had corresponded before they met in person. Lucille Selig came from a prominent and wealthy Jewish family of industrialists who two generations earlier had founded the first synagogue in Atlanta. The Selig-Franks lived in a Grand Home.

A Match Made in Heaven: Emil and Josephine

Both born on the same month and day: Lucille’s father Emil Selig (Jun. 10, 1849 – Mar. 30, 1914) was a salesman for the West Disinfecting Co., a maker of soaps and supplies, before that, he was a liquor salesman. Son of Samsohn Seelig & Sara Loeb. Emil who did not leave a probated will was buried in Oakland cemetery Jewish Section, Block 279, Lot 58, Grave 3.

Mrs. Josephine Loeb-Cohen Selig (Jun. 10, 1862 – Jan. 27, 1933), was a home maker and her daughter Lucille Selig would often help out when they weren’t lounging about, playing cards, socializing with their sowing-circle of cackling Jewish housewives and gossiping yentas yakity yaking.

Magnolia McKnight (Minola) was their personal cook, who also did light cleaning and laundry. Josephine and her daughter(s) lived the good life, the simple life, the pampered patrician life, by comparison to the toiling local crackers as they were called in local parlance (Oney, 2003) as some of them White Folks were light and flakey *wink*. Lucy’s (Lucille) zaftig figure and swelling belt line showed that there was no shortage of downright good ole fashioned “house negro” cooked feasts and dishes made by their gossipy skinny high yellow “black mammy”, OLE’ MINOLA (Magnolia McKnight) as they affectionately called her. Josephine was buried a Oakland Cemetery, in Jewish Section, Block 279, Lot 58, Grave 2. Josephine’s parents were Jonas Loeb Cohen (1823 – 1885) and Regina Abraham Cohen (1839 – 1918).

The Odd Couple “Opposites Attract”: Mr. Leo Frank and Miss Lucille Selig

An Engagement and Prelude to a Marriage Destined to Fail:

The colloquial that “opposites attract” tends to apply more to short term relationships and temporary lust, than anything else. Therefore the cliche “opposites attract” is a misnomer to the highest in the bigger picture of time and space. Every learned psychologist will tell you that studies show those kinds of relationships can tend to be very problematic, unstable, divisive and often don’t work out in the long run, but back then it “didn’t matter” marriage was for the most part a life long venture and people learned how to “suck it up”, not like today where 50%+ of people divorce over the pettiest of squabbles. It also helped that life expectancies in the early 20th century were decades shorter than what they are today. The marriage of Leo and Lucille, was sadly like too many marriages, eventually destined to fail even if they would have most definitely remained together till the end, which didn’t really matter for Leo Frank as there was an infinite supply of side action on the sly.

Leo Frank was very much a total opposite of sorts compared to Lucile, and they had more serious differences than things in common. The marriage between them appears to be more political than anything else and based on some of the things that would come out about what Frank was doing on the down low, their marriage could not be described as happy by any stretch of the imagination, except on the surface for appearances, but definitely not under the Jewish Royal Marriage veneer.

Lucille in 1913
Meet the Bride: Lucile Loeb-Cohen Selig Lucille Selig Frank (February 29, 1888 – April 23, 1957) was very much different from Leo Max Frank (1884 – 1915). Lucille “Lucy” Selig was “red boned”, a big thick girl, “chunky, but funky” in Jewish frat boy parlance.

Lucy was part of the active and highly assimilated Jewish community of Georgia, she was very much Southern and sassy, moreover, irregardless of being from a well-to-do and prominent Jewish family with means, she was very provincial compared to Leo. In fact as any born and raised New Yorker will tell you (which Leo Frank “essentially” was), everyone outside of NYC is provincial and bland. Despite being intelligent with a sharp and witty tongue, Lucy’s highest educational level ended at the high school level, though she was well read and could still hold her own. If one were to quantify Lucy she was a strong loyal woman to the core, but she wasn’t a dummy and when all was said and done, she knew what was going on behind the scenes. She should not be considered a naive feather brain Jewish house frau who thought everything between her and Leo was fine and dandy.

Leo Frank was a lean, mean, whoring machine, and super slim with that “0% body fat” look. Frank was no doubt a high testosterone, heavy drinker, chain smoker, partier and fit to fuck after years of tennis and basketball at his Alma Matter. Frank was very cosmopolitan, well traveled, could speak basic German, and as for Hebrew and Yiddish, as a Jew Yorker, those dialects came as part of the natural ethnic enclave culture of Jewish Brooklyn, and to top it all off, Frank rightfully was a bit of an educated snob, the Ivy Leaguer of privilege had the opportunity to study at one of the 7 best schools in the United States and then afterward take an educational “sabbatical”, experiencing being trained overseas in the cold, gruff, serious and no-nonsense Germany, these things were part of what made Leo Frank a cut above the rest.

The Odd Couple

After the odd-couple married, the big boned Lucille packed on the stereotypical post-marriage stones, her weight slowly swelled up like a hog slow-dining and soothingly grazing at a voluptuous landfill, though she was an extra thick woman that held her weight really well, it still left her looking frog necked, androgynous (like the fictional character “Pat” from the comedy show Saturday Night Live) and dumpy – as the unflattering evolution of her photos clearly shows before and during the Leo Frank affair.

Hillary Clinton Will Tell You Some Women Should Not Have Short Hair

Lucille’s masculine short-butch bull-dyke haircut like her swelling weight issues didn’t help her either, but anyway you slice it or dice it, Leo Frank got bored with Lucy faster than a new york minute – “specially” when the factory was flooded with hard body pre-teen and teenage former-farm-girls blossoming much faster than their female peer counterparts – the teen girl laborers matured years ahead of their time and were nothing like the girls who came from middle class families who could ensure their daughters wouldn’t have to give up school to work in the “meat grinding” mills. It was more than the endless stream of young blossoming girls funneling into the factory each day that provided inspiration for Leo Frank, a phone call to Leo Frank’s favorite madaam Nina Formby from Atlantas Red Light District, Leo Frank could order the catch of the day and have young pre-teen hookers delivered by foot to his office for lunch, and no one would notice any difference otherwise, since the factory was filled with young girls anyway.

Take away the hat and add glasses, you get a dead ringer for Pat from Saturday Night Live. 
The above pictures capture what Lucille Frank Looked Like in 1913. These images have not been modified in anyway and are exact scans of the originals. The resemblance of Lucille Selig Frank to the androgynous Pat from Saturday Night Live is uncanny!
Could You Have Sex with Pat From Saturday Night Live?

The thoughts Leo Frank had of mounting that swelling provincial cow he married in 1910 gave him the nauseous visual notion of a mosquito trying to puncture, impale and drill into a beached walrus with a matted afro. And naturally the fit and skinny Leo Frank took to his past time of buffet whoring more vigorously, when he got tired of hogging, with his “big fat wife” – as he called Lucille behind her back (Jim Conley, 1913).

Seasoned Partier

Steve Oney put’s Leo Frank at 5’6″ (Oney, 2003), but Frank’s passport application puts him at 5’8″. Despite being only 5’7″ and 135 lbs. Frank could hang with the best of them, no pun intended, his liver was clad in iron, well trained and seasoned from years of Jewish Frat parties at college and he certainly enjoyed the unlicensed “speakeasies” and underground poker halls of NYC, not to mention swilling the exquisite beer and booze of Germania during his 9 month stint, moreover, as a whoring aficionado, Frank certainly delighted in sampling some of Germanias Aryan whores in the half-underground half-above ground red light district there too. Frank proudly earned his International whoring wings in his fathers, “homeland” of Germania, to crown off his whoring escapades in New York City and eventually his main-staple bordelloing headquarters that would call itself home in Atlanta, Georgia. Frank loved to bogart cigarettes and puff his tabacky pipe, and to wash it all down he guzzled coffee by the pot during his work days and when the sun had already set and the hands of the big ole clock in his office stuck seven, inaugurating the evening, it was time to wind down with beer, whiskey, wine, and women, to top off the long stressful days. It was all a phone call away.

Nina Formby

A simple phone call to the mischievous and twinkle in her eye Nina Formby, Leo Frank’s favorite mamasan who worked down the street in the area of Atlanta that was jam packed wall to wall with young meat child brothels, could send order take out delivery directly to his office for mere dollars. Frank loved to sample and dabble in the endless experienced or fresh meat that was constantly churning, burning, humping, pumping and grinding through the “blink and look the other way” Atlanta Red Light District. Frank had some major hormone issues and mental imbalances, its not clear if it was genetic or from excessive consumption (too much substance abuse), or both, however you can tell he had these problems at times, by the numerous pictures of him looking like a psychotic serial killer with his out of orbit big buggy bulging scary creepy erie freaky eyes which seem to swallow you and even sparkle like black diamonds as Jim Conley described (BOE, James Conley, August, 1913). At times Leo’s eyes appeared hyperthyroid (graves disease?), which might be more revealing about his physiology, psychology and personality than meets the eyes (no pun intended).

Barring Leo Franks Flaws

ASIDE from Franks sneaky-creepy-freaky lascivious behavior against his pre-teen and teenage girl employees, after work and Saturday drunken debauchery, swings of mentally and hormonally imbalanced states – Frank was exactly the kind of guy you wanted to run your factory, because barring his serious flaws, he was work-hard-play-hard kind of leader, early to work and late to get home (not always late to get home because of work, though it offered a good excuse). What also made Leo Frank, really valuable is that he kept obsessive-compulsive disorder detailed records and two sets of accounting books. Leo Frank monitored employee time cards religiously and fanatically down to the minute.

Leo Frank was a human calculator and time clock with superb memory after nearly 5 years of brute force calculating at the factory nearly 60 hours a week. Frank could be relied on as he was always punctual, but at a salary of $150 a month (6x the salary James Jim Conley, who made 11 cents an hour plus tips), even if he dipped into in the company coffers to finance his bingeing and whoring rampages, it went un-noticed, after all Leo managed the accounting books and the light embezzlement didn’t raise any suspicions or eye brows of Moses Frank or Sig Montag.

The surviving records and invoices of the National Pencil Company, show money was flowing in like it was going out of style, lots of money in and lots of pencil stock out, the numbers were growing fast and furiously at the factory bank account, sales reports showed they were sometimes churning out $2,500+ to $5,000+ a week in gross orders, not bad by 1913 standards.

Aside from a little frisky-frisky and naughty-naughty on the side during occasional evenings and Saturdays that might put Leo Frank’s reputation at risk, Frank was mostly liked by his employees and he held the company together for the most part given it’s zillion complicated variables that had to be managed and juggled. Franks creepy innuendos towards his employees never became an issue, because the girls that got creeped-out would move on, the ones turned out ended up at the brothels up the street, and the ones that tolerated it stayed would put up with it begrudgingly and stoically. Leo wasn’t after all the girls either, he was subtle and very selective. The official trial record has numerous laborer teenage girls who became former employees because of Leo Frank’s sexual harassment, and if you think about, it didn’t matter as there was an infinite supply of new young meat that needed a job.

Wailing Wall

Had Frank not gone off the edge on April 26, 1913, the National Pencil Factory would probably today be remembered in glowing terms as a shimmering icon of industrious Southern Jewish history. Instead, the factory is remembered by Southerners as a vile sweatshop and bastion of pedophilia where little mill girls got tested and some of them turned out. For the Jewish community, the factory is remembered with organ pipes and violins, as a mini Jewish Holocaust, by a people bent on its own exaggerated victim hood and obsessed with perfidious narcissism against perceived “out groups”, if only they had saved the western wall of the pencil factory before it got demolished, it would have become a spiritual shrine, a Southern wailing wall part 2, for Jews to bob, undulate and weave, to release all of the wallowing inner pain and suffering through prayer and sticking notes in the wall, all of it dramatized by an egomaniac people who love to celebrate their own metaphorical “sadomasochistic” instigated persecution.

A Marriage of Politics

Leo Frank engaged in a highly political matrimony, marrying into a prominent Jewish family, one who generations earlier had founded the first synagogue in Georgia. Leo and Lucille were married by Rabbi David Marx on November 30, 1910 in a borderline-gouache pink wedding ceremony at their in-laws gaudy and dated McMansion.

Meet Rabbi David Marx, More than a Rabbi, he was the Catalyst and Lead Activist of Leo Frank’s Emotional Exoneration Movement The prominent Dr. David Marx was the Rabbi of the Hebrew Benevolent Congregation, a popular Jewish reform synagogue of the highly assimilated Jewish community of the South, he had presided over the momentous event. Atlanta at the time had the largest Jewish community in the south with several thousand Jewish families who were all highly assimilated and active in Jewish life.

A More Detailed and Insiders Version of the Marriage Event

The wedding was held at 68 East Georgia Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia, the home of the bride’s parents, Mr. Emil Selig and Mrs. Josephine Loeb-Cohen Selig. Rabbi David Marx performed the ceremony and members of Hebrew Benevolent Congregation attended before a small gathering of family and close friends. The Athens Banner described the evening as “a pretty event,” noting that “the house was artistic with quantities of smilax and vases of pink carnations in all the rooms.” The paper reported that “Miss Michael sang several beautiful selections of songs before the ceremony and was accompanied by Miss Regina Silverman, who also played the wedding march.” … The two young women also wore pink, with Helen Michael in “a white lingerie gown over pink silk” and Regina Silverman in “a pink chiffon cloth gown over silk, trimmed with lace and black marabou. Other out-of-town attendants at the wedding included the groom’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph Frank of Brooklyn, New York, and the best man, Mr. Milton Rice of Rochester, New York. The paper stated the couple would “spend several weeks at the Piedmont before going north for a wedding trip.” After their honeymoon, Lucille and Leo settled in with their in laws the Cohen-Seligs, at 68 East Georgia Avenue, the place of their pink-overload marriage. Lucille and Leo Frank became active members of Jewish Society. Frank a highly secure, confident, active man with poise, had the highest honor bestowed upon him, he was elected B’nai B’rith president the largest Lodge in the South, over 500 members strong. It made sense that Leo Frank was elected as president of B’nai B’rith, as no average,shivering, insecure and nervous man would ever be elected to such an important position. Frank was a man who beamed with inner confidence and strength, he was the confident superintendent of the National Pencil Factory, he was married into a prominent Jewish family, he was active in Jewish Society and Philanthropy, so naturally he was a perfect leader for the powerful and influential B’nai B’rith.

Noon, April 26th 1913

In a shuttered factory on Confederate Memorial Day, Saturday, April 26, 1913, Leo Frank was wrapping up some last minute paperwork before intending to do some light afternoon whoring and then call it a day to go to see a baseball game with his brother in law. However, things took a wrong turn. Thirteen year old Mary Phagan came in to the factory to receive her pittance of pay, $1.20 from a previously shortened week that ended the Monday before on April 21st 1913. Phagan was one of Leo Frank’s child laborers at the factory, she was cute, with lovely blue eyes and very well developed for her age, she had been laid off the previous Monday because supplies of brass ran out. The brass was processed, formed into bands around the ends of pencils and used to hold erasers to the pencils, and when the brass had intermittently ran out, some of the 4 girls in the metal room had to be temporarily laid off. Phagan worked in the metal room’s tipping department, inserting erasers into the metal bands of the erasers, and because metal had run out, she was laid off until the supplies which acted as a “dependency” were replenished.

Dorsey Called it a Species of Coercion

Frank allegedly lured Mary Phagan just down the hall from his second floor office into the metal room, which was where Phagan had toiled endlessly for the last year at her workstation. It was theorized based on the testimony of Jim Conley and circumstantial evidence, that Frank convinced Phagan to follow him to the metal room on the false pretense of seeing if the brass metal supplies had arrived or not, and thus determining whether or not Phagan would have her job back on the following Monday morning. Once alone inside the metal room with Phagan, Frank quietly closed the door shut and securely locked it, and according to Hugh M. Dorsey in his closing remarks, Leo Frank, using Phagan’s laid-off, half-unemployed status and potential job prospects on Monday, April 28, 1913, as a species of coercion and manipulation (Dorsey, August 1913), Frank bluntly demanded sex from Mary Phagan, that is, if she wanted her job back, but when Phagan resisted him and tried to escape, Leo Frank grabbed her, bludgeoned her by pounding her in the face with his angry fist, he lifted her up and slammed her (Conley, 1913) against the handle of the lathe, where her hair broke off and was spotted by an employee Barret et al, Monday morning, August 28th 1913, and affirmed by numerous other employees who knew Phagan after they too saw it. Frank then allegedly dragged Phagan into the bathroom of the metal room while she was unconscious, lifted her skirt up, ripped or cut open her underwear and raped her 13 year old virgin vagina, rupturing her hymen and leaving her tornup underwear bloodied according to the physical evidence retrieved from Phagan by the Undertaker and presented at the trial (BOE, 1913). Frank then allegedly grabbed a nearby cord used to tie the boxes of pencils and garroted Phagans tender throat until she suffocated and died of brain damage.

A follow-up clean-up job ensued, once Leo regained his composure.

Mary Phagan’s strangulation became a national scandal once its discovery hit the media’s press machines and it became a cause celeb for the Jewish community which feared being disgraced because a high profile member of their tribal community might have committed such a disgraceful act and heinous crime against one of the host populations children.

According to Leo Frank’s own statements and behaviors which some say collectively amounted to virtual admissions on: April 27 together with April 28 (See State’s Exhibit B in the Brief of Evidence 1913), April 30, and August 18th (see the unconscious bathroom segway confession), the beating, pedophile-rape and child-murder of Mary Phagan, occurred between “12:05 to 12:10, maybe 12:07” or possibly “12:10 and 12:15”, and with the absolute time range basically being 12:03 to 12:15. Though we will never know for sure, until the invention of a time machine or an identical simulation or our universe comes out near the end of this century, can’t wait to see the previews.


To be fair, Frank might not have had premeditated murder in his heart when his ulterior motives inspired tricking Phagan to go back with him into the metal room to see if the supplies had come in, but in his overpowering attempt to turn her out, he knew unconsciously he had no choice but to permanently silence Phagan, because if Phagan had reported that he violently forced himself on her, rape or not (rape-escape), the consequences would have been severe. White people back then did not tolerate the shit that goes on today, it was well known in those days when white people weren’t deracinated from their racial consciousness, their was the risk of mob vigilante justice, which at times included castration with rusty tools without anesthesia, followed by lynching for rapists or attempted rapists, and even if Frank did not hypothetically end in that fate because of his influence and access to other peoples wealth, he knew either way his career, reputation, the factory and marriage would have been permanently ruined if it was found out. Mary Phagan’s last breath was around 12:05 +/-.

After Leo Frank murdered Mary Phagan.

Based on interpretations and recollections of Jim Conley (Connolly) Statements:

Frank asked his roustabout, lackey and watchdog Negro custodian, Jim (James) Conley (also spelled Connolly depending on the source), who made 11 cents an hour, or more tan $6 a week, to dump the body of Phagan in the rear of the basement in front of an over sized large furnace, it was normally used or burning trash, but now the stage had been set with the unspoken intention of later asking Jim Conley (James Connolly) to stuff Mary Phagan in the oven to cremate her and erase the evidence.

When Frank and Jim Conley (James Connolly) went back to Leo’s second floor office, Frank allegedly asked JamesConnolly to ghost write unheard-of and never before created murder notes in the history of the United States, as if they were actually being written by Mary Phagan while she was in the middle of being raped and killed after using the metal room bathroom, by the Nightwatchman, Newt Lee, an honest hard working Negro employee who had not arrived at work yet, but would be at the factory in the late afternoon to begin his security guard rounds. Leo Frank the day before, on Friday, told Newt to come in an hour early.

Blame it on the Night Watchman Newt Lee (The Night Witch)

The contrived murder notes evolved the Mary Phagan murder investigation into one of the most shocking and embarrassingly botched attempts in U.S. history, by a person trying to third-party frame and railroad the violently heinous rape and murder on an innocent Negro (Negro is the term they used back then to describe Afro Americans), Leo Frank’s graveyard shift employee, an African American named Newt Lee, who was setup to be the fall guy and scapegoat for Phagan’s murder (according to Jim Conley). Later at the trial, Newt Lee, who had been working at the factory as the nightwatchman for 3 weeks, would have some very interesting sworn testimony to provide about Leo M. Frank’s unusual behavior on that infamous day of April 26 1913. It was testimony that even Leo Frank would not fully counter or explain away during his August 18, 1913 trial testimony. Newt Lee also told the police that the factory was being used by couples to have evening trysts.

Down payment of a Half Pack of Cigarettes, Two Paper Dollars and Two Silver Quarters, $200 promised

Frank allegedly offered a $200 payment, took it away when Conley was resistant and then offered it again, but as a potential post-payment if Jim Conley or Connolly would go downstairs stuff the dead little girl into the giant cellar oven and burn the evidence, but Connolly was leery and hesitant, saying he would only do it if Frank helped. For some reason Frank wanted Connolly to do it by himself and would not help him. Frank told Conley that if he didn’t get caught and if Connolly would do the job, he would pay him the money during the week.

Frank gave Connolly a small down payment of cash and smokes,telling him to light up, but Jim Conley later left the factory with the $2.50 and a half-pack of cigarettes, that Frank had given him as a small down payment on the $200 bribe offering, without doing the final dirty work.

Frank sternly, firmly and directly ordered Jim Conley to come back later and finish the clean up job, including specific hints that Jim Conley must finish the makeshift crematorium work of burning Phagans body if he wanted to get the $200 at a later time. Jim Conley didn’t accept or reject the job, but got spooked, left the factory after Leo Frank left and went drinking across the street before going Home and falling asleep – not waking up until mid day Sunday. Had Jim Conley done what Leo Frank had told him to do, this article might not exist today. Based on different accounts, Frank left the factory to go home for a late lunch between 1:10 and 1:20, arriving at his home at about 1:30, he was nauseous and lost his appetite, stayed for about 10 minutes, didn’t eat anything and then left to go back into town. Frank silently prayed to himself, hoping that Jim Conley was doing the erasure of evidence deed.

Jim Conley never came back, can you blame him?

Frank Had the Worst Case of Butterflies in his Stomach

Leo Frank returned to the factory after his late low calorie “lunch” of allegedly eating nothing and his stomach was twisting in knots. Frank waited around desperately for Jim Conley to return promptly, on the promise of $200 in Greenbacks, that is if Jim would incinerate the body, but when Jim Conley never came back that late afternoon, Frank was Freaking out and became nauseously terrified and more nervous, agitated, frenetic and excited then ever, and in a last pitched act of desperation, Frank snatched the contrived murder notes he had dictated to Jim Conley he had him scrawl up earlier, and scattered them next to Phagan’s body in the gloom of the basement. It is not clear, why Frank did not attempt to stuff the bloody body of Phagan into the oven himself and attempt to destroy the evidence. Although Phagan was a low chunky girl at 4’11” she easily weighed 115 to 120lbs, almost as much as Leo Frank at 5’8″ and 135lbs and the dirt floor basement was absolutely filthy, covered wall to wall in black charred soot and cinders. Frank being a bit of a premadonna was smart and cautiously would have avoided getting unnecessarily dirty and stain himself up with filth and possibly blood in a way he could not explain away when he went home to his big fat wife (as he described his own wife).

Had skinny Leo Frank tried to stuff that heavy little girl in the oven, A sarcastic moment… Lucille might say: Honey, why does your handsome suit have some blood and soot stains all over it? Frank might reply: Oh, I don’t know pumpkin, just a busy day on the job at the quiet office on this State holiday violently raping little girls and then strangling them off for good measure so they can’t snitch.

Fortunately Frank was wearing a brown suit at work, brown is the best color in the world for hiding stains, but the premadonna wanted to be as far from the body as possible. Frank then went back upstairs to possibly resume a poorly and partly consummated clean up job in the metal room that his step-and-fetch-it Jim Conley had not done a very good job, but possibly being a little bit of a premadonna it is unlikely he would have made much effort, for the same reasons he had not wanted to touch the nasty twisted and disheveled body in the basement that his actions in the metal room had earlier created.

If You’re Gonna Murder Someone, At Least Do a Good Clean Up Job

Since they didn’t have CSI at the time, Frank didn’t know any better, his training was in engineering, not forensic murder cover-up. In the second floor metal room there appeared to be a really badly executed clean up job, which included smearing and rubbing haskolene into the blood stains left by Mary Phagans head when she was accidentally dropped on the floor during her removal process. The haskolene smearing appeared to be a cover up attempt to hide the murder evidence as best as possible, but the blood clearly showed through the bungled erasure attempt.

It was a major blunder, and Frank should have just had his Step-and-fetch-it Jim Conley use good old fashioned hot water, soap and a scrub brush. It was likely that Frank had the Janitor do the half-assed clean up job and that Jim did a half-heartedly poor job or was just simply unable to hide the soaked in blood stains on the metal room floor, so they were smeared with haskolene.

Together they botched the clean up job big time.

Even worse, no one thought to remove the hair left on the lathe after Leo slammed Mary’s head into it. Employees discovered the hair in the morning of Monday, April 28th 1913, and later Mr. Coleman, Mary Phagan’s step father would identify the hair as being Mary’s. That was another major blunder of Frank, he had the negro lackey sweep the floor and clean the bathroom, but he forgot about the hair that got on the lathe.

4pm: The Night Watch (“Night Witch”) Arrives

Newt Lee, the Tall Slim Negro
When Newt Lee finally arrived at work at a few minutes to 4pm, Frank was bustling with nervousness, frantic, agitated, frenzied and excited. Leo M. Frank in a wild frazzled and pumped-up state practically pushed Lee out of the building. Frank ordered a very tired and resistant Newt Lee to leave the factory, requiring Lee to come back to the factory in about 1.5 to 2.5 hours, have a good time and come back at 6PM or 6:30PM. Frank had one last hope Jim “James” Conley would hopefully come back for the potential $200 bribe offering and final clean up job, but alas, he was not returning that day, he was in drunk and happy lala land back in his “nigger shack” as Steve Oney accurately described what they looked like and were called at the time.

“What Time is It?”

Newt Lee made a strong resistant hesitation to leaving the factory, because he was exhausted, he had to come into work an hour earlier at 4pm instead of 5pm on Saturday April 26 1913 by Frank’s request made on Friday April 25 1913. Frank said he wanted to go to the baseball game, which he canceled after he murdered Phagan. When Newt Lee asked Frank if he could please sleep in the packing room for an hour or two, but Frank flatly refused, wouldn’t let him stay and was insistent that Newt Lee leave the factory and go out and have a good time – finally Leo Frank practically forced Newt Lee out of the factory. Newt Lee left and came back at a few minutes before 6pm , Frank was still in a panicked and nervous state, asking him in a frantic state what time it was, this was coming from the man who spent the last 5 years in front of a large faced time clock and meticulously recorded everything.

6:00 PM, Saturday, April 26, 1913

At 6PM, Frank told Newt, “Don’t punch yet!”, saying that he needed to change the time sheet. Newt watched Frank butterfinger and fumble with the changing of the time sheet in the time clock, his hands were bumbling and fumbling with it even after 5 years of changing the time sheets, it took him twice as long as usual. Normally Leo Frank could change the time sheet with his eyes closed, at that time his hands were jim jammin like jitterbugs in a frying pan.

It was something Leo Frank could normally do with his eyes closed, blind folded and one hand tied behind his back, but today for some strange reason he was struggling with it. Newt went downstairs after he punched to smoke a fag, on a crate in the doorway downstairs. Frank frantically gathered his stuff, put on his hat and goat, then left the building briskly. As Frank exploded out of the door, he became terrified with horror when on the way out he ran into a former employee and bookkeeper named Gantt, and fell backward scared trying to practically crawl backward into the building, but it was too late – he had been spotted by Gantt and Newt Lee who was smoking finishing off his fag looked at Frank perplexedly.

Frank knew that Gantt had known Mary and the Phagan family quite well. Frank was deeply relieved when he discovered that the former employee was there because he wanted to collect his shoes he left there in the factory previously and was not looking for the missing Mary Phagan who at this time had spent nearly 6 hours slow-rotting in the basement. As the former employee Gantt, had requested to go into the factory to get his shoes, Frank lied in a non-challant manner to the former employee saying he had seen the Negro Jim Conley sweep them out of the factory, Frank was trying to get rid of Gantt without seeming overly concerned, However, Gantt outmaneuvered Frank by saying they were a different color, and Frank who was in no position to get into a heated debate, quickly acquiesced, Frank wanted to “get the hell out dodge” as soon as possible and as far from the building as possible, as he knew Phagan’s lifeless body was slumped on a saw dust pile in the basement would be discovered by the “Night Witch” during his rounds.

Gantt convinced Frank to let him go in to the factory and Frank obliged with the caveat that Newt Lee must accompany him during the whole time. Gantt, found his shoes (both of them black and tan) in the packing room, which meant Leo Frank lied and Gantt left the building with Newt Lee closely following and monitoring. Newt Lee, then locked the front door and began his security rounds.

6:30PM, Saturday, April 26, 1913

When Frank got home at 6:30pm, he did something he had never done before with Newt Lee, he immediately called the factory but no one picked up the phone. 7PM Then Frank called again at 7:00pm and Newt Lee finally picked up, Frank in a brisk frazzled voice asked if everything was Alright at the factory and when Newt Lee said Yes, Frank curtly said goodbye and slammed the phone. Frank had never called the factory on a Saturday or any other day for that matter before, to check up on things, according to Newt Lee who worked there for 3 weeks.

Frank also never asked about Gantt.

At the trial, Leo Frank said he called to see what the status was concerning Gantt, but Newt Lee said Frank did not ask about Gantt. Frank might have been calling the factory twice to see if Newt Lee discovered the body of Phagan, because Newt Lee was supposed to check every square inch of the factory during his rounds, but once the factory was locked up, Newt might have not gone all the way back into the rear of the basement or at all until the early morning of April 27th 1913 during his visit to the negro toilet to drop the Cosby’s off at the pool, but that was still about 8 hours away. Ironically, Leo Frank in his August 18 1913 trial testimony would make subtle complaints against Newt Lee for not finding the body sooner, henceforth throwing even more suspicion on his own two never before made phone calls to the factory at 6:30 and 7:00 PM on April 26th 1913. That evening Frank chain smoked cigarettes and guzzled booze like it was going out of style, he drank the liquor cabinet dry, he was attempting to medicate himself and his copious binging would ensure he would be badly hung over the next day and may have contributed to his inability to hide his guilt-revealing body language or it could have made him appear guilty because he was so worn out, pale, nervous and had a trembling hoarse voice, he would fire off questions at the police before they could answer the questions and fumbled with his shirt and tie.

April 27th 1913

At approximately 3:15 AM in the morning, the Negro Nightwatch named Newt Lee, during his lantern beholden factory rounds, went down to the cellar to use the negro latrine in the rear of the basement, the Cosby’s were knocking, and they were asking if they could use the pool in the back yard, when he finished his business, without wiping he pulled up his draws and pants, and buttoned up, he spotted and discovered the mangled twisted body of a little girl in the gloom of the rear of basement, about 150 feet back. When he approached the dead body, he noticed that her dress was pulled up and her underwear was torn and pulled down, soaked in blood and urine, and a cord was dug snug and deep into the tender flesh of her neck. Newt Lee got the hell out of dodge as quickly as he possibly could and called Leo Frank for nearly 10 minutes straight, but alas there was no answer, Leo was drunk as a skunk and passed out stone cold, finally giving up on ringing Frank, Newt Lee called the police station at 3:28AM and one of the biggest Jewish scandals of the early 20th century was about to unfold. Newt loped to the ladder at the beginning of front area of the basement and shimmied back up, he ran up the stairs, briskly going to the office to call Leo M. Frank. After nearly 10 minutes of trying to reach Leo M. Frank, Newt gave up and decided to call the police.

A Phone Call at Half Passed Three in the Morning, the Investigation Begins

The Police and Detectives were on the scene within minutes in their model T fords, they were left with the engines on, they were let in by Newt Lee who waited by the front door for them to arrive, and they went down the hatchway, descended the diagonal ladder with lanterns and flash lights, beginning their investigation. They noticed drag marks from the front of the elevator and lead all the way to the cinder / saw dust pile in front of the furnace. They found had to pull down a stocking to confirm the girl was White, because she had been dragged in the dirty floor. They found the contrived murder notes. Later that same morning and day, observing, and questioning countless associated and affiliated people, they immediately contacted an apprehensive Leo M. Frank at the crack of dawn because he was a senior level manager of the factory who had been at the virtually empty and shuttered factory that day. Frank resisted going with the police when they arrived because he wanted some Coffee and breakfast before going out with them, and Frank was very nervous, pale, trembling, fumbling with himself and was hung over badly with a hoarse voice. He fired questions at the police so quickly they didn’t have a chance to answer.

Frank Incriminated Himself

When Frank gave a number of incriminating statements, was betrayed by his body language and made several foolish mistakes and blunders that totally gave himself away, the intuitive police and detectives became very suspicious, with the result of Frank becoming prime suspect number one. After questioning Leo Frank and numerous other people, everything seemed to conclusively point in the direction of Leo M. Frank. Two days later, Leo Frank was arrested and detained on the morning of Tuesday, April 29 1913 at 11AM and later, he was indicted and finally his conviction on April 25 1913, which was affirmed by the Trial Judge the day after the verdict on August 26, 1913. It was this highly publicized event at the end of the trial that became one of the pre climaxes of the Leo M. Frank case, followed by a lynching 2 years later and in all, would define how Leo M. Frank would forever be remembered. The undertaker had also arrived afterward and they took the body out of the basement, up the ladder and to the mortuary to be placed on a cooling table. The dead child, was later identified by Grace Hicks the morning of April 27th 1913 as thirteen year old Mary Anne Phagan. Grace Hicks worked in the metal department on the second floor with Mary Phagan for about a year and was very familiar with her. Grace Hicks testified some very interesting details about the metal room, including the positioning of the dressing room and the layout of the bathrooms there and where Mary Phagan’s work station was in relation to them.

Police and Detective Investigation – April 27th 1913 Sunday

After police and detectives questioned Leo M. Frank, countless dozens of factory employees and arrested some affiliated people, all the evidence began pointing in one direction. Tuesday April 29 1913 Fifty Six hours after the body of Mary Phagan was discovered, the police and detectives had developed a very strong legitimate suspicion against Frank, their intuition was based the evidence and testimony they had gathered. Leo M. Frank was arrested on Tuesday, April 29th 1913 at 11AM, it was the last day of his freedom.

Coroners Inquest Jury, Wednesday, April 30 1913.

The official murder investigation wasted no time.

The coroner’s inquest began shortly after nine o’clock on Wednesday, the 30th day of April. The empaneled Jury hearing the testimony consisted of 7 men in total, 6 inquest Jurymen and the Coroner: 1. H. Ashford, 2. Glenn Dewberry, 3. J. Hood, 4. C. Langford, 5. John Miller 6. C. Sheats 7. Judge of the Inquest Jury, Coroner, Paul Donehoo.

Leo was very specific that he did not use the 2nd floor bathroom ALL DAY when he spoke at the Inquest. Not that he didn’t remember, etc., but that he DID NOT USE it. It certainly seems as if he was distancing himself (verbally and mentally) from that area.

The Perjury of Lemmie A Quinn

Concerning Leo M. Frank’s alibi, Frank said he had forgotten for the first week of the murder investigation to bring forward Lemmie A Quinn, foreman of the metal room, a key witness. However at the Coroners Inquest, Lemmie Quinn, came forward to provide contrived testify that sounded totally suspicious and did not pass the common sense test.

Lemmie Quinn: “Where is Herbert Schiff?” Why is Herbert Schiff not at work on a state holiday in an empty factory?

Quinn said, he had come back to the pencil factory and specifically into Leo M. Frank’s office at 12:20 to 12:25 for the purpose of talking about baseball with Mr. Herbert Schiff, but Mr. Schiff was not supposed to be at the factory at all that day, because it was a State holiday, and everyone was given the day off. Schiff also prided himself at the trial in never missing a day of work in 5 years.

The testimony of Quinn was meant to shrink the plausible time Leo M. Frank could have to strangle Mary Phagan by 15 minutes from 12:02 to 12:35, to 12:02 to 12:19. Quinns contrived testimony also added eye witness testimony strength to Leo Frank’s alibi that he never left his office from noon to 12:35. Lemmie Quinns perjury, shrunk Leo M. Frank’s unaccounted, but it still left wide open and unaccounted for, the time frame Mary Phagan had come to Leo M. Frank’s office, which was between 12:05 and 12:10, maybe 12:07.

Conclusion of the Coroners’ Inquest and Jury

Coroner Paul Donehoo and his Inquest Jury of six men empaneled, questioned over 100 employees and dozens of other various associated people. The week long inquest and testimony provided under oath, left very strong suspicion on Leo M. Frank when Thursday, May 8th 1913, the Mary Phagan Inquest drew to a close.

Coroner’s and Inquest Juries Verdict 7 to 0

The Coroner and his Inquest Jury of six men together voted unanimously 7 to 0 recommending Leo M. Frank be bound over for murder and investigated further by a Grand Jury of 23 men which included 5 Jews. Newt Lee was ordered to be held as a material witness as expected.

Deputy Plennie Minor delivered the unanimous verdict of the Coroner’s Inquest Jury to Leo M. Frank who was being held in the infamous Tower. Frank was sitting perusing a local newspaper at the time. When Deputy Plennie Minor approached Leo M. Frank and told him about the unanimous verdict of the Inquest Jury, which had ordered that Frank be held for murder and for a more thorough investigation by the Grand Jury! Newt Lee slumped his head dejectedly when the bad news was delivered, however, Leo Frank insolently replied that it was no more than he had expected and continued crackling away and folding at the big sheets of his newspaper. More than two hundred witnesses, factory workers and affiliates had been subpoenaed providing testimony at the Inquest. Leaving a very strong impression when the weight of the evidence was considered against Leo Frank. What stood out the most from all the inquest testimony is that Leo Frank said specified he never went to the bathroom that day and he held onto that position until he made a startling revelation at the trial.

Grand Jury: A Decisive Moment, to Try or Not to Try.

On May 24th 1913, the day the Grand Jury of twenty three men were to vote after a long, grueling and exhaustive review of testimony and evidence concerning Leo M. Frank, they would be short some members. Two Grand Jurors where not present on the day of the vote, one member, a Jewish member went to New York City and M. Beutell, a Gentile, had an important event he was unable to miss, and as these two men were out of town, they were not permitted to vote by absentee ballets, it therefore reduced the Grand Jury from 23 to 21 voting men. The importance of this reduction was that only a majority of 11 instead of the former 12 votes were necessary to indict Leo Frank in this nail biting moment for the police and prosecution that had tirelessly spent a month building their case. Even though Leo Frank was a businessman partly responsible for creating more than a hundred jobs for the community, they were not sympathetic, because primarily the evidence was solid and overwhelmingly strong against him. With twenty-one men remaining, some close observers may have wondered if the vote was straddling the fence in either direction, and questioned whether the majority of 11 out of 21 would come forward and vote for an indictment or not.

A Close Call?

In a result that set another powerful tone for the future of the case, just as the Coroner’s Inquest Jury vote had done, the Grand Jury voted unanimously 21 to 0 in favor of indicting Leo M. Frank for the murder of little Mary Phagan. With four Jews voting unanimously with seventeen other Gentile men to Indict Frank, it puts serious doubts about the veracity of the Jewish Communities historical and contemporary race-baiting hatred claims over the last 100 years that Leo Frank went to trial because he was Jewish; an innocent Jew railroaded and framed collectively by European-Americans who are innately anti-Jewish and the whole Leo Frank affair was a widespread anti-Jewish and anti-Semitic conspiracy. Countering the Jewish position, Southerners are wondering why Frank supporters must resort to making false, bigoted and racist blood-libel smears against them for the last 100 years, when the evidence against Frank is solid, and every level of the U.S. legal system sided with the Jury that they were not mob terrorized and Leo Frank had a fair trial.

The indictment read… In the name and behalf of the citizens of Georgia, charge and accuse Leo M. Frank, of the [Fulton] County and State [of Georgia] aforesaid, with the offense of Murder, for that the said Leo M. Frank in the County aforesaid on the 26th day of April in the year of our Lord Nineteen Hundred and thirteen, with force and arms did unlawfully and with malice aforethought kill and murder one Mary Phagan by then and there choking her, the said Mary Phagan, with a cord place around her neck contrary to the laws of said State, the good order, peace and dignity thereof. The Frankites, like Steve Oney and Dinnerstein, would claim the outlandish claim the entire Leo Frank case can be reduced to the word of Jim Conley vs. Leo Frank. Though the indictment had absolutely nothing to do with Jim Conley, and after powerful and compelling evidence (without Jim Conley) was presented to the Grand Juryman, the following 21 Grand Jurymen of which four were Jews unanimously signed the bill of indict against Leo Frank (Bill of Indictment, 1913, Atlanta Publishing Company, The Frank Case, 1913; and Mary Phagan Kean, 1987).

The 21 Members of the Grand Jury Unanimously Voting to Indict Leo Frank are:

1. J.H. Beck, Foreman,
2. A.D. Adair, Sr.,
3. F.P.H. Akers,
4. B.F. Bell,
5. J.G. Bell,
6. Col. Benjamin,
7. Wm. E. Besser,
8. C.M. Brown,
9. C.A. Cowles,
10. Walker Danson,
11. G. A. Gershon,
12. S.C. Glass,
13. A.L. Guthman,
14. Chas. Heinz,
15. H.G. Hubbard,
16. R. R. Nash,
17. W.L. Percy,
18. R. A. Redding,
19. R.F. Sams,
20. John D. Wing,
21. Albert Boylston

After the twenty one Jurymen unanimously signed the murder indictment of Leo M. Frank, would be put on trial before a cohort of 13 men, a Judge and a petite Jury of 12 men to decide his fate.

Trial of Leo M. Frank

See:State’s Exhibit A

Judge Leonard Strickland Roan Presiding Over the Leo Frank Murder Trial

The Murder Trial Testimony Captured in The State of Georgia vs. Leo M. Frank, July 28 1913 to August 26 1913

Leo Frank late July 1913 at his Murder Trial
After being virtually silent during nearly three months of incarceration at the tower, Leo Frank finally emerged in fore of the public stage, for a sardine packed courtroom and a drama which would last 29 days.

Unknowingly at the time, the Leo Frank trial would become one of those rare cases in U.S. history that would enthrall and capture the imagination and tribal emotions of the masses for more than a century after the whole ordeal. Put before a freshly created Jury after a long Jury selection process, Leo Frank was showing signs of being physically sunken, mentally worn out and emotionally weathered. Leo Frank sat in the middle of the court room, not obscured by a table, but fully exposed in full view, ghostly flushed and emaciated – a shrunken and empty shell of the former man. Leo Frank looked like a dead ringer of Pee Wee Herman (Paul Rubin) strung out on heroin. The resemblance is uncanny.

Leo Frank’s perturbly cocked head with a gentle sideways lean exuded a very subtle but plea for mercy, pity and sympathy. His bulging impenetrable eyes where encircled with that mentally ill purple color. Throughout the entire trial, Leo Frank’s crossed arms and legs exuded at times lonely, insecure, arrogant and insubordinate body language which gives one the nearly imperceptible psychological feeling of wanting to ask: what are you hiding?

More Particularly, Leo Frank’s crossed arms in a very specific pattern could easily be interpreted as the reflection of an overtly defensive body language you might expect of a little skinny teenage boy with a guilty conscious who painfully waits in the tension of anticipation just moments before being sternly scolded by an incensed mother for doing something unacceptable. Though psychology was in its infancy at the time (1913), today more than a century later, contemporary psychologists suggest most people unconsciously interpret crossed arms as different mental degrees reflecting defensive, “conflicted” and closed behavior. It gave the imperceptible perception that Leo Frank was trying to hide something.

Moreover, Leo Frank’s testicle crushing tightly locked crisscrossed legs gave off the most imperceptible haughty, and shielded tone. There was something unnerving about Leo Frank’s demeanor and appearance at the trial, even though his crew were decked out in fine threads, something about Leo Frank seemed entirely out of place, giving one the feeling of an unsettling notion that something is just not right about this guy. His bulging eyes out of orbit staring in different directions exaggerated by his eye glasses, the recovering drug addict red-indigo hues around his eyes, his sunken face and protruding simian jaw, his rail thin body, his crossed arms that resembled a little boy who knows he did something wrong, the infinitely tight crossed legs that seem to crush a mans genitalia into oblivion, all of it wrapped in an expensive suit, gave off a very weird vibe about this guy.

Frank’s body language also seemed out of sync with everyone else in the Courtroom and most certainly the Jury placed directly in front of him, and as such, Leo Frank’s demeanor whether intentional or unconscious was setting a disadvantageous posture, working against him from the starting block of his trial.

Colliers Reveals Visually, That Mary Phagan is a Beautiful Version of Leo Frank’s Dumpy and Funky Wife, is there a connection there?
Read the trial testimony and review the affidavits, including the SHOCKING August 18, 1913, Leo Frank murder trial confession.

The Conviction

The Leo M. Frank conviction, along with what was perceived as defamatory portrayal of Jews in the media, became the impetus and directly inspired the founding of the Western Civilization immune system destroying ADL in the fall of 1913.

Appeals – Majority and Unanimous Decisions during the Appeals Process Affirm the Murder Conviction Given by the Trial Jury

After the murder trial ended on August 26th 1913, Leo M. Frank commenced two embarrassing years (1913 to 1915) of estoppel, reflecting a snap shot the Leo Frank Defense League movement. The appellate process commenced after the trial was filled with numerous half-serious half-baked legal appeals made to the Georgia Superior Court, Georgia Supreme Court, United States District Court and United States Supreme Court, every court carefully and meticulously studied and reviewed the murder trial testimony and evidence, every single court affirmed the trial was fair and the Jury was not mob terrorized, with only 4 dissenting judges out of more than a dozen affirming Judges.

See: Primary Sources Section.

Two Years of Half-Baked Court Appeals

Leo Frank then began a very expensive two year circus of embarrassing, poorly concocted and frivolous appeals. Franks lawyers and defense teams used every method of criminal activity on behalf of Leo Frank to create evidence to support him. They bribed and threatened witnesses, put forward and spun together embarrassingly cheesy frivolous court appeals through every possible legal channel, all the way up and down the Georgia State Superior Court, Georgia State Supreme Court, the District Court of the United States and the United States Supreme Court, multiple times ad nauseum.

Oct 1913

Starting with a Request for a New Trial: on 31 October 1913 – Judge Roan denied the motion for a new trial. More specifically, immediately following the Leo M. Frank murder trial conviction on August 26, 1913, on August 27, 1913, Leo Frank’s defense team requested a new trial.

The presiding judge Leonard S. Roan denied the appeal.

Another motion for a new trial was denied by the Georgia Supreme Court in February 1914 after much review.

More specifically on 17 February 1914 – the Supreme Court of Georgia affirmed the verdict of the lower court by a vote of 4 to 2.

25 February – the Supreme Court of Georgia, unanimously overruled a motion for rehearing.

7 March 1914 – Frank was sentenced by Judge Leonard S. Roan, for the second time to death by hanging on April 17th, Leo M. Frank’s birthday.

No Doubting Judge Sentences One to Die on their Birthday

Leo Frank partisans are forever claiming Judge Leonard Strickland Roan doubted Leo Frank’s conviction. Judge Leonard S. Roan, finally sentenced Leo M. Frank to be hanged on his birthday April 17th 1913, putting infinite doubt in the suggestion of the Jewish and Frank defense’s statements, backed up with their forged documents, that Judge Leonard Roan had doubted the verdict.

No real scholar who is incapable of self-deception could ever take it seriously that Judge Roan doubted Leo Frank’s guilt (which is always claimed by Leo Frank partisans), because No genuine seriously doubting Judge would ever do something so profoundly cruel as to sentence someone they thought might be innocent to be hanged on their birthday, unless they, openly or secretly, fully believed the individual was absolutely guilty.

Hanging Someone on their Birthday

One’s birthday only happens once every 365 days (barring leap year) and as an execution date, it is only reserved for individuals who are absolutely and without question guilty of the most heinous crimes.

16 April 1914 – at the eleventh hour, an extraordinary motion for a new trial was filed and death sentence on Leo M. Frank’s 30th birthday was stayed.

22 April 1914 – Judge B. H Hill, former chief justice of the Court of Appeals, who had succeeded to the Judgeship of Fulton Superior Court, denied the extraordinary motion for a new trial.

25 April 1914 – The day before the anniversary of Mary Phagan’s death, Frank’s sanity was examined and he was declared sane.

Motion to set the Verdict aside as a Nullity

Beginning in June 1914, Frank’s defense appealed to the Fulton County Superior Court to set aside the guilty verdict. Fulton County Superior Court denied the appeal, as did the Georgia Supreme Court (December 1914).

14 November 1914 – the Georgia Supreme Court again denied a new trial.

18 November 1914, the Georgia Supreme Court refused a writ of error.

23 November 1914 – Mr. Justice Lamar, of the Supreme Court of the United States refused a writ of error.

25 November 1914 – Mr. Justice Holmes of the United States Supreme Court, also refused a writ.

7 December 1914, the full bench of the United States Supreme Court refused a writ of error.

9 December 1914, Frank was re-sentenced to death to hang on January 22, 1915.

21 December 1914 – United States District Judge W. T. Newman of Georgia, refused a writ of habeas Corpus.

28 December 1914 – Mr. Justice Lamar granted an appeal and certificate of reasonable doubt to the United States Supreme Court.

15 April 1915 – the Supreme Court of the United States 4 to 2, with Mr. Justices Holmes and Hughes dissenting, dismissed the appeal.

Ultimately Leo M. Frank had fully exhausted completely every possible court appeals process.

Georgia Prison Commission

As five courts upheld the original decision of the jury in Leo Frank’s case, Frank then applied for clemency with the Georgia Prison Commission to commute his sentence from death to life in prison.

9 June 1915 – the State Prison Commission submitted a “divided” 2 to 1 report to Governor Slaton, Commissioners Davison and Rainey voting against commutation and Paterson voted for commutation.

This application was denied.

During the two Year Appeals Process, The National Letter Writing Campaign and Emotional Appeals Process Was in Full Force

With every possible court appeal fully exhausted, Leo M. Frank’s last hope was utilizing the full extent of his 2 year old flush bankroll of his legal defense fund which was made possible by advertising magnate A.D. Lasker and newspaper mogul Adolph Oct the owner of the New York Times.

With a swollen treasury of hundreds of thousands of dollars, the culmination of a vast 2 year political bribery and manipulation machine reaching its crescendo, it had penetrated every major city across the United States and even some major cities throughout Europe.

The Governor of Georgia had been flooded with more than 10,000 letters in support of Leo M. Frank from people who never read the official trial record in the case which included all the facts, testimony and evidence against Leo Frank. See Brief of Evidence in Primary Sources.

Criminal Governor

Lastly, with absolutely no more court appeal options left for Leo Frank and the Prison Commission denying his request for clemency, there was only one last option, a commutation by the corrupt Governor of Georgia, John M. Slaton. Frank applied to Governor John M. Slaton for Executive Clemency.

Last Hope: 31 May 1915

Because Frank’s plea for commutation of sentence to life imprisonment was heard before the State Prison Commission and denied, Frank had one last hope with the Governor of the State of Georgia, John Marshall Slaton who was in office from June 28, 1913 to June 26, 1915.

Slaton would save the life of Leo Frank at the eleventh hour, as Frank was on Death Row registered to be lynched on June 22nd 1915 by Sheriff Mangum. Well before the dramatic soap opera of the eleventh hour on the infamous day of June 21st 1915, the treacherous and criminal Governor of Georgia, John M. Slaton, was made a senior law partner in the very firm representing and defending Leo M. Frank at his July 28th 1913 to August 26th murder trial. The firm was called: Rosser, Brandon, Slaton & Phillips.

John Marshall Slaton, Clemency, Commuted Leo M. Frank’s death sentence to life in prison.June 21st 1915, The 11th Hour.

On June 21 1915, one day before Leo M. Frank was to be hanged to death, John M. Slaton, when at the exit as an outgoing Governor of Georgia, in an absolutely gross conflict of interest, commuted the death sentence of Leo M. Frank to life in prison. The clemency was based on a half-baked hokey commutation order that insulted the intelligence of the elite of Georgia, Southerners, Legal Scholars, Judges, Lawyers and the people of the United States of America, when the commutation was compared against the dry leaves of the 1913 Brief of Evidence. John M. Slaton, Governor of the State of Georgia Betrays the People A commutation hearing was held in Atlanta on June 12-16, 1915. Representing Leo Frank were William M. Howard of Augusta, Manning J. Yeomans of Dawson, Harry A. Alexander and Leonard Haas of Atlanta speaking for the defense. On June 21, 1915, just six days before Nathaniel Edwin Harris, the newly elected governor, was to take office, and one day before Frank was scheduled to hang (June 22 1915), Slaton commuted Frank’s death sentence to life in prison. There was public outrage, primarily because John M. Slaton, was a law partner and business associate in the law firm hired by Leo Frank, making Leo Frank Slaton’s client and because Slaton in a gross conflict of interest had betrayed the constitution and his oath of office. The Southern population reached ascended to boiling crescendo of rage and were indignantly furious to a fevered pitch at the insolence of the clemency decision made on behalf of Leo M. Frank, especially after every level of the United States Legal System had meticulously reviewed the trial and upheld the evidence supporting the conviction, stating Leo Frank had a fair trial. More than a dozen judges had by affirmed the legitimacy of the murder conviction and they certainly didn’t miss the fact Leo Frank had made a near confession on August 18 1913, when he told the Jury he made an unconscious bathroom visit inside the metal room during the time Phagan was murdered there.

John M. Slaton, feigned moral and emotional consternation, saying: “I can endure misconstruction, abuse and condemnation,” Slaton said, “but I cannot stand the constant companionship of an accusing conscience which would remind me that I, as governor of Georgia, failed to do what I thought to be right…. [F]eeling as I do about this case, I would be a murderer if I allowed this man to hang. It may mean that I must live in obscurity the rest of my days, but I would rather be plowing in a field for the rest of my life than to feel that I had that blood on my hands.”[1] Slaton’s commutation disregarded volumes of trial evidence and testimony against Frank, but Slaton also chose to not disturb the Jury’s verdict and in a sly and underhanded sort of way affirmed the murder conviction. Slaton, also suggested, that the Jewish Communities charge of race hatred as being the reason Frank was convicted was unfair, as it was certainly not true, because numerous other legal tribunals reviewed the evidence and testimony, and felt it was strong enough to convict Leo M. Frank. None of the appeals courts could be falsely accused of being mob terrorized or antisemitic, as the Jewish community put such false accusations and slander against the murder trial Jury. In order to protect Leo Frank, he was transferred from Fulton Tower in Atlanta to the prison farm outside Milledgeville.

July 17 1915 – Leo Frank Gets Shanked

Frank was attacked at the State Farm Prison in Milledgeville on July 17, 1915, by a fellow convict named William Creen, who cut Leo’s throat with a 7 inch butcher knife. Two inmate doctors got to Frank in just the nick of time and stitched him up. Frank lingered between life and death for several weeks, but finally recovered. The wound was slow to heal in the boiling and humid heat of the Georgian Summer. That wound would partly split open again a month later, during the culmination of the case on August 17 1915 – when the Knights of Mary Phagan, Founding Fathers of the Current Ku Klux Klan (KKK), hanged Leo Frank.

Almost months later after the commutation and one month after his shanking, Leo M. Frank, was abducted from Prison by a group of men from the State of Georgia’s highest social, legal and political strata, these prominent men who Knighted themselves as the Knights of Mary Phagan, drove Frank 175 miles to Cobb County, and Lynched him near an intersection at Frey’s Mill. A mature oak tree helped fulfill the most perfectly executed slow strangulation lynching of Leo M. Frank, that is just after the dawn dew kissed a glorious rising sun on August 17th 1915.

Lynching of Leo Frank – August 17 1915

See: The Lynching of Leo Frank August 18, 1913, Lucille Selig Frank Leaves Atlanta to Bury Leo M. Frank in New York City Mrs. Lucille Selig Frank boarded a train for New York City on August 18 1913, Leo Frank’s body was returned to New York on August 20, 1913, where he was buried at New Mount Carmel Cemetery.

The Burial of Leo Frank

Last Name, First Name Location Date of Death

FRANK, LEO 1-E-41-1035-2 8/17/1915 Section: 1 Block: E Map: Path: 41 Lot: 1035 Line: Society: Grave: 2 Cemetery Gates Close at 4:00 P.M.

Lucille returned to Atlanta where she opened a dress shop and became sporadically active in the work of The Temple. Lucille’s asexual, dumpy, androgynous, and butch physical appearance, plus her weight issues and having been married to Leo Frank, along with the rumors of the extensive extracurricular whoring activities surrounding him, including the grueling and grisly crime leading to his conviction (two years of higher court affirmation that his trial was fair), had tended to severely diminish and limit Lucille’s dateability and sex appeal. Lucille Frank never remarried and died at the age 69 from a broken heart (heart disease). In her later age, her weight seemed to normalize, but her eyes remained sad and penetrating.

Actions Speak Louder Than Words

Lucy Selig died on April 23, 1957 (1888-1957) just days before Confederate Memorial Day. Frankites have suggested: her family was unsure of burying her in Atlanta, and it wasn’t for another number of years that nephews buried her ashes between her parents’ graves in Oakland Cemetery, but without a marker.

Lucille died 42 years after Leo M. Frank was lynched, what was equivalent to a lifetime, as the life expectancy in the early 20th century was between 40 to 50 years and she was very clear about her own ultimate verdict in the Leo Frank Case, her wishes were unmistakable in her will and she stated that she wanted to be cremated (Will of Lucille Selig Frank, 1954) and thus NOT buried next to or with her deceased husband Leo M. Frank in the grave reserved for her to the left of Leo Frank. It was anticlimactic, sad and a heart breaking decision coming from the woman who stood by her husband loyally throughout the whole ugly drama, even though her cook Minola Magnolia McKnight had tipped her hand revealing Lucille knew approximately what really happened. The official records State’s Exhibit J indicates Lucille Selig knew the real score about Leo Frank. In truth what could Lucille really do?.. other than the only option she really had, cognitive dissonance and double think, her honor, the honor of her family and the Jewish community was on the line. Lucille did what any good loyal wife would do in a similarly difficult situation, stand by her husband , right or wrong, guilty or innocent.

Infallible Wives and Mothers

We can not hold the same black and white, right or wrong lens to loyal mothers and wives who stand by their sons and husbands invincibly like Lucille S. Frank and Rachel Jacobs Frank did, and we do not live in a black and white world, but one of subtle shades and variations of gray. The moral lens of what is right and wrong, can not be applied to family and friends who loyally stand by their children, relative or spouses, in court, even if deep down they know of their guilt. Lucille did what she had to do, which was a hard decision and she should not be negatively judged for fiercely supporting her husband loyally all the way to the end, even though cosmetically she had to put on the veneer of pretenses and appearances, pretending publicly her husband Leo Frank was “not guilty” of the murder. On some level it was probably difficult for Lucille Selig to trick herself into not believing the dozen or more employees who came forward and in essence suggested Frank was a sexual predator, pedophile and whore monger, some suggesting he was regularly whoring on the Sabbath and trying to turn out girls at the factory.

Lucille was provincial, but she was not naive, she knew what her husband was doing since he stopped having sex with her except for the obligatory one time a month during ovulation he would drunk and perform manual procreation with her trying to conceive, Leo the Second.

Three years of trying and no results.

Though Steve Oney, quotes a woman 70 years later who suggested Lucille was pregnant and miscarried, but none of the voluminous letters written between Lucille and Leo hint at any pregnancy or miscarriage, condolences, or mentions, not even subtle or couched appear in them (Koenigsberg, 2010).

William J Burns Detective Agency of New York

The alleged persistent theme of the Leo M. Frank Case according to Frankites was Jew York City vs. Georgia. Detective William Burns the keystone cop style sleuth, employed by the Leo M. Frank team, who was originally dismissed for being too obvious in his bribing, threatening and criminal activity, received a telegram from Marietta Georgia after the lynching of Leo M. Frank. The Telegram sarcastically told him to come down quickly and investigate the lynching, signed H.H. Looney Chief of Police. William Burns had been driven out of Georgia with threats of lynching when it was discovered he was hired by the money bags supporting the Leo Frank defense. The corrupt Burns tried to bribe any witnesses he could and turn the Mary Phagan murder investigation into a carnival side show, by publishing grandiose announcements in the local newspapers whenever he could.

1980’s – One Failed Pardon and One Pardon without Exoneration

Alonzo “Lonnie” Mann – 1982 / 1983 March 7, 1982, An ugly Jewish Supremacist engineered chapter was unfurled for the public. The Nashville Tennessean published a special breaking news report about a story in which Alonzo Mann, Leo Franks former office boy in 1913, said he saw janitor Jim Conley carrying Mary Phagans body to the basement of the National Pencil Company in Atlanta, where Mr. Frank was the superintendent. Mr. Mann asserted that Conley killed Mary and Frank was innocent. 1982, About 70 years after the murder of Mary Phagan and Lynching of Leo M. Frank, Alonzo Mann the former office boy of Leo M. Frank came forward in an other doctored up media expose pushing the Jewish Defense position at the behest of the Jewish Community. Now nearly 83 years old, the senile and ailing Alonzo Mann with a mountain of medical bills came forward to say he had seen Conley carrying Mary Phagans body on the first floor. Alonzo Mann produced an affidavit seven decades after the Leo M. Frank drama, thus giving the Frankites more odious support for their position, but however, because of the Frank Defense’s history of obtaining suspicious and questionable affidavit through criminal means and bribing to defend Leo M. Frank the affidavit was not taken seriously by anyone familiar with the case.

Alonzo Mann brought absolutely nothing new to the Leo M. Frank Case or Trial and his new testimony sounds totally fake, because Jim (James) Conley had admitted to being an accomplice and that he participated in bringing the dead body of Mary Phagan to the basement at Leo M. Frank’s request. In a statement that makes absolutely no sense and does not pass the scrutiny of common sense, Alonzo Mann said, that the Negro Jim Conley threatened his life if he told anyone about seeing him with the dead body of Mary Phagan and when Alonzo Mann told his family and parents, they allegedly told him to keep quiet about it.

Despite Alonzo Mann alleged “taking a lie detector test” and signing an affidavit, the Alonzo Mann’s story lacks the common sense test, truth and veracity, because at the time “Negroes” were second class citizens, and no White Family or Parents would tell their White Children to be quiet about a Negro allegedly murdering a White Girl. Even today in modern times, no White Family would ever tell a White boy to be quiet about a Negro murdering a White Girl. It doesn’t make sense and comes off like total bullshit, to be blunt.

However, Alonzo Mann’s testimony tends to affirm Jim Conley was called in to work on a holiday to sit in his usual place under the stairwell and watch for Leo Frank, because there would be no other reason for James Conley to sit on the first floor all day for no reason unless he was asked to do so. Consider this, does it make sense that James “Jim” Conley – who had been paid $6.00 the day before (Friday Evening) – would rather hang out in a saloon swilling 5 cent beers, than waste his day sitting on a box on the first floor of the factory on a holiday? Alonzo Mann’s testimony 70 years later tends to confirm Leo Frank lied about not knowing Jim Conley was in the building that day. It also means Alonzo Mann lied on the witness stand under oath and perjured himself, because he claimed in 1913, he left Frank’s office at 11:30, and in the 1980’s he claims he left Leo Frank’s office at noon. Alonzo Mann lied under oath.

Alonzo Mann State’s Adds More Evidence that Leo Frank Lied on the Witness Stand

What is more interesting is that Alonzo Mann’s 1980’s revelation, is that he said he saw Jim Conley numerous times in the morning and early afternoon on April 26, 1913, sitting on a box under the stairs on the first floor. Because Mann says it was from the morning till noon, this eye witness account may further prove that Leo Frank lied on the stand on August 18, 1913, about Frank not knowing Jim Conley was sitting on a box under the stairs on the first floor, acting as a watchdog and look out for him. Leo Frank said he had come and gone from the factory in the morning, and would have seen and known about his roustabout lackey waiting there for him, (Read the August 18, 1913, murder trial testimony of Leo Frank)

Alonzo Mann: Dead Man’s Affidavit

However, the ADL of B’nai B’rith, American Jewish Committee, Atlanta Jewish Federation and numerous other Jewish organizations used the affidavit after Alonzo Mann died (and could no longer be questioned) to push for a Posthumous Pardon and Exonerate Leo M. Frank for the murder of little Mary Ann Phagan.

The First Exoneration Attempt Failed

Attorneys for three Jewish organizations petitioned the State (Georgia) Board of Pardons and Paroles to pardon Leo Frank, but the petition was denied on December 22, 1983.

Pardon Achieved:

Posthumous Pardon without Exoneration – March 11 1986 Pyrrhic Victory for the Jewish Community After successful pressure from the ADL of B’nai B’rith, and other Jewish pressure organizations. These treacherous groups were able to manipulate the Georgia Board of Paroles to pardon Leo M. Frank, but why would they not exonerate him of the Crime?

Jewish Power and Political Correctness Prevailed

On March 11, 1986, the Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles granted Frank a pardon, citing the state’s failure to protect him or prosecute his killers, though they stopped short of exonerating Leo M. Frank of the murder of Mary Phagan. Leo Frank’s murder conviction is still today black letter settled law and binding legal precedent. The Judge and Jury have the last word, as do the vigilante lynchers who were never prosecuted.

Spun Pardon and Pyrrhic Victory

The Jewish Community saw the Pardon at face value as vindication of Leo Frank, but it was really a Pyrrhic victory. First, because in order to pardon someone of a crime, the person has to be guilty, you can’t pardon someone unless you acknowledge they are guilty first. Therefore the guilt of the individual has to be affirmed and in Leo Frank’s case it was indisputable fact and binding settled law. So the Prison Board in the 1980’s basically acknowledged the veracity and truth that Leo M. Frank was guilty, but they refused to exonerate him of his guilt, though they forgave him of the Murder of Mary Phagan, because the state failed to protect Leo M. Frank and because his lynching prevented him from further appeals – there is only one problem with that… Did Leo Frank have Further appeals at any level of the United States Court System???

The prison board has a clear and full understanding of the law, and yet they made a bald face lie. They were patently in error concerning the lynching of Leo Frank, about it preventing him from any further appeals within the appellate court system, because Leo M. Frank had fully and totally exhausted all of his court appeal options at every level of the State, District and Federal Appellate Courts, with the Supreme Court unanimously overruling any further review of the case, thus closing the door forever at all levels of the appellate court system. When there were no more options left in the court system, the prison board at the time refused a recommendation of clemency and even the bribed Governor John M. Slaton (whose law firm represented Leo Frank at his trial), refused to pardon or exonerate Leo Frank, and actually stated in his commutation letter he was NOT disturbing the guilty verdict given to Leo Frank by the Jury. Not a single legal body in the last 100 years has overturned the guilty verdict of Leo Frank, but attempts to spin the truth have endlessly been made by members of the Jewish hate religion that has been waging an undeclared culture war with Western Civilization for thousands of years.

The Prison Board Affirmed Leo Frank’s Guilt

The board affirmed Leo M. Frank’s guilt and quelled the powerful and wealthy Jewish Community, that has for 100 years has been vociferously screeching Leo M. Frank was a “noble and innocent Jew, Framed, railroaded and scapegoated in a vast Anti-Jewish conspiracy”, because in order to Pardon someone, they have to have first committed a crime, you have to basically first acknowledge openly or in an unspoken manner, that the individual is guilty of a crime, before they can be pardoned. If Leo Frank were innocent, he would have been exonerated, but he wasn’t.


See:State’s Exhibit A Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913. Brief of Evidence 1913: Brief of Evidence, 1913 (Click Here) .

See: Leo M. Frank Georgia Supreme Court Case File (1,800 Images Volumes 1 & 2)

American State Trials Volume X (1918) By John D. Lawson

The Murder of Little Mary Phagan, 1987, by Mary Phagan Kean, Available in PDF on or

See: Leo M. Frank Georgia Supreme Court Case File (1,800 Images available on

Oney, Steve (2003), And the Dead Shall Rise (An interesting source, despite his status admitted bias) on

Koenigsberg, Allen (2011) The Leo Frank Case and Leo Frank discussion forum, see:

Mount Carmel Cemetery NY, where the lynched body of Leo Frank is interred

Last Name, First Name, Location, Date of Birth, Date of Death

Grave Site #1: Meant for Lucille Selig Frank 1-E-41-1035-1 (EMPTY)

Lucille’s Last Will and Testament specifies cremation and she requested her ashes spread in Atlanta, it speaks volumes about her verdict in the Leo Frank case. As you stand at the foot of the Frank-Stern family plot, envision looking at Leo Frank in court during his trial, flanked with his wife on his left and his mother on the right, but when it came to eternity, Lucille would not maintain that configuration. The empty grave site to the left of Leo Frank is proof that even his loving wife knew he was guilty.

Grave Site #2: FRANK, LEO      1-E-41-1035-2     b. April 17, 1884     d. 08/17/1915

Grave Site #3: FRANK, RAY      1-E-41-1035-3     .b. April 16, 1859     d.  01/01/1925

Grave Site #4: FRANK, RUDOLPH      1-E-41-1035-4     b. November 5, 1844     d.  01/15/1922

Grave Site #5: FRANK, Moses      1-E-41-1035-5      b. 1841        d. 10/24/1927

Grave Site #6 :FRANK, SARAH      1-E-41-1035-6      1861 to 08/01/1937

Grave Site #12: STERN, MARIAN      1-E-41-1035-12      b. October 18, 1886     d.  04/02/1948

Grave Site #11: STERN, OTTO      1-E-41-1035-11        b. March 11, 1882      d. 05/26/1963

Images: State’s Exhibit A, The 3D map of the factory

Image: Second Floor of the National Pencil Company


Fair Usage Law

April 9, 2013   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, Jewish, Jewish Heritage, Jewish History, Jews, Judaism, Leo Frank, Race Relations, Racism News, Racist News, White Nationalism, White Supremacism, Zionism  Comments Closed

Physician Claims Jews are Mental Illness Carriers

Subtitle: “Is Mental Illness the Jewish Disease?”

It is NOT posted on the Internet. It’s from Psychiatric News, published by the American Psychiatric Association. Date of publication: Oct. 25, 1972. Go to your local library.

Evidence that Jews are carriers of schizophrenia is disclosed in a paper prepared for the American Journal of Psychiatry by Dr. Arnold A. Hutschnecker, the New York psychiatrist who once treated President Nixon.

In a study entitled “Mental Illness: The Jewish Disease” Dr. Hutschnecker said that although all Jews are not mentally ill, mental illness is highly contagious and Jews are the principal sources of infection.

Dr. Hutschnecker stated that every Jew is born with the seeds of schizophrenia and it is this fact that accounts for the world-wide persecution of Jews.

“The world would be more compassionate toward the Jews if it was generally realized that Jews are not responsible for their condition.” Dr. Hutschnecker said. “Schizophrenia is the fact that creates in Jews a compulsive desire for persecution.”

Dr. Hutschnecker pointed out that mental illness peculiar to Jews is manifested by their inability to differentiate between right and wrong. He said that, although Jewish canonical law recognizes the virtues of patience, humility and integrity, Jews are aggressive, vindictive and dishonest.

“While Jews attack non-Jewish Americans for racism, Israel is the most racist country in the world,” Dr. Hutschnecker said.

Jews, according to Dr. Hutschnecker, display their mental illness through their paranoia. He explained that the paranoiac not only imagines that he is being persecuted but deliberately creates situations which will make persecution a reality.

Dr. Hutschnecker said that all a person need do to see Jewish paranoia in action is to ride on the New York subway. Nine times out of ten, he said, the one who pushes you out of the way will be a Jew.

“The Jew hopes you will retaliate in kind and when you do he can tell himself you are anti-Semitic.”

During World War II, Dr. Hutschnecker said, Jewish leaders in England and the United States knew about the terrible massacre of the Jews by the Nazis. But, he stated, when State Department officials wanted to speak out against the massacre, they were silenced by organized Jewry. Organized Jewry, he said, wanted the massacre to continue in order to arouse the world’s sympathy.

Dr. Hutschnecker likened the Jewish need to be persecuted to the kind of insanity where the afflicted person mutilates himself. He said that those who mutilate themselves do so because they want sympathy for themselves. But, he added, such persons reveal their insanity by disfiguring themselves in such a way as to arouse revulsion rather than sympathy.

Dr. Hutschnecker noted that the incidence of mental illness has increased in the United States in direct proportion to the increase in the Jewish population.

“The great Jewish migration to the United States began at the end of the nineteenth century,” Dr. Hutschnecker said. “In 1900 there were 1,058,135 Jews in the United States; in 1970 there were 5,868,555; an increase of 454.8%. In 1900 there were 62,112 persons confined in public mental hospitals in the United States; in 1970 there were 339,027, in increase of 445.7%. In the same period the U.S. population rose from 76,212,368 to 203,211,926, an increase of 166.6%. Prior to the influx of Jews from Europe the United States was a mentally healthy nation. But this is no longer true.”

Dr. Hutschnecker substantiated his claim that the United States was no longer a mentally healthy nation by quoting Dr. David Rosenthal, chief of the laboratory of psychology at the National Institute of Mental Health, who recently estimated that more than 60,000,000 people in the United States suffer from some form of “schizophrenic spectrum disorder.” Noting that Dr. Rosenthal is Jewish, Dr. Hutschnecker said that Jews seem to take a perverse pride in the spread of mental illness.

Dr. Hutschnecker said that the word “schizophrenia” was given to mental disease by dr. Eugen Blueler, a Swiss psychiatrist, in 1911. Prior to that time it had been known as “dementia praecox,” the name used by its discoverer, Dr. Emil Kraepelin. Later, according to Dr. Hutschnecker, the same disease was given the name “neurosis” by Dr. Sigmund Freud.

“The symptoms of schizophrenia were recognized almost simultaneously by Bleuler, Kraepelin and Freud at a time when Jews were moving into the affluent middle class,” Dr. Hutschnecker said. “Previously they had been ignored as a social and racial entity by the physicians of that era. They became clinically important when they began to intermingle with non-Jews.”

Dr. Hutschnecker said that research by Dr. Jacques S. Gottlieb of Wayne State University indicates that schizophrenia is caused by deformity in the alpha-two-globulin protein, which in schizophrenics is corkscrew-shaped. The deformed protein is apparently caused by a virus which, Dr. Hutschnecker believes, Jews transmit to non-Jews with whom they come in contact. He said that because those descended from Western European peoples have not built up an immunity to the virus they are particularly vulnerable to the disease.

“There is no doubt in my mind,” Dr. Hutschnecker said, “that Jews have infected the American people with schizophrenia. Jews are carriers of the disease and it will reach epidemic proportions unless science develops a vaccine to counteract it.”

A Jew learns as part of his sacred Bible and Talmud studies that crimes against Gentiles, such as genocide, mass murder, child abuse etc. are considered holy services to God. The Bible and the Talmud, the holy books of hate, mandating innocent Jewish youngsters to hate, to murder, to deceit, to expel, to rob non-Jews in the name of God. This leaves not only a dent on their mental structure, but turns their soul into a festering spiritual deformity.

They live and work together with non-Jews in communities throughout the world, liking their Gentile neighbours, enjoying their culture and even at times falling in love with members of the Goyim opposite sex. However, because of the strict law and restrictions (based on racial purity) imposed upon them, they are forced to grow up and develop in a world in which they learn the skills of obeying one command and living a double life. The dilemma the ordinary Jew faces, is that he has to obey the Rabbis’ interpretation of God’s laws. They educated the young minds of the Jewish nation to despise, to subjugate, to look down upon and even to hate the non-Jewish world. Failing to follow these holy commands results, as they are taught, in severe punishment by God. This must result naturally in mental aberration amongst the Jewish community.

Loathsome example-patients of this serious mental illness, that befalls Jews, are America’s neo-conservatives who seem to take joy in waging wars in the Middle East.

Fair Usage Law

December 28, 2012   Posted in: Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, Zionism  Comments Closed

Murder on This Day in Jewish History August 17: Leo Frank was Lynched in Georgia, August 17, 1915.

Anti-Semitism or Justice?

Tuesday morning, August 17, 1915, 97 years ago today, B’nai B’rith President of Atlanta, Leo Frank, was lynched in Marietta by a group of 25 to 35 “good old boys” from the highest political and social strata of Georgia. The lynch mob called itself the, “Knights of Mary Phagan” and later helped to revive the defunct KKK in November 1915.

The lynch mob abducted Leo Frank from the state prison in Milledgeville, GA, a penitentiary located about 150 miles from Atlanta. Leo Frank was serving a life sentence for raping and murdering one of his child laborers, a 13-year old girl named Mary Phagan. Two months before Leo Frank was abducted, on June 21, 1915, the outgoing Governor, John M. Slaton, commuted the death sentence of Leo Frank to life in prison, the result was explosive outrage from the people of Georgia, because Slaton was the lawpartner and part owner of the lawfirm that represented Leo Frank as his defense team at his trial and appeals years prior. Slaton’s lawfirm was named, ‘Rosser, Brandon, Slaton, and Phillips’. A protest of more than a 1000 people gathered at the Governor’s mansion was held back by militia troops. Slaton was hanged in effigy.

Slaton completed his term as governor on June 25, 1915, and promptly left the state with his wife, for fear of life and limb. Slaton’s commutation of Leo Frank’s death sentence to life in prison, had effectively ended his political career.

Two years early, in 1913, Leo Frank was the general superintendent of the National Pencil Company (NPCO), a manufacturing concern in the heart of Atlanta, Georgia. The NPCO factory, was known a child labor sweat shop with about 170 employees, most were preteen workers paid pennies an hour.  Mary Phagan had been an employee of the NPCO for about a year from the spring of 1912 to April 26, 1913, she earned $4.05 every week for 55 hours of repetitive labor over a 6 day period. Phagan worked on a knurling machine, putting rubber erasers into the brass bands attached to the tips of pencils. Employee payoff time was regularly scheduled for noon on Saturdays, when congested lines of employees congregated around Leo Frank’s office located on the second floor of the NPCO.

On Monday, April 21, 1913, Phagan was temporarily laid off because there was a shortage of brass sheet metal that was regularly processed to make the circular tubes suspended at the ends of the pencils for holding erasers. As a result of a reduction of hours, Mary Phagan’s pay for that week was reduced to $1.20. Saturday, April 26, 1913, was a state Georgia State holiday, Confederate Memorial Day.

On Saturday, April 26, 1913, Mary Phagan entered Leo Frank’s office at 12:02pm asking for her pay and if the metal had arrived yet to determine if she would be coming to work Monday morning, April 28, 1913. Leo Frank knew the answer was “No”, but he told Phagan, “I Don’t Know”, so they promptly walked from Leo Frank’s second floor office – located at the west area of the NPCO building – down the hall to the metal room, located at the east end of the factory. The brass was normally kept in a closet in the metal room, there Leo Frank told Mary Phagan that he wanted to be with her, but she refused him, so he assaulted her, he punched her in the eye, she screamed in terror, he then immediately slammed her head against solid iron handle of a bench lathe and she fell to the floor unconscious. Leo Frank dragged Phagan to the metal room bathroom, lifted up her dress, ripped open her underwear and raped her, unable to ejaculate, he became even further frustrated, got up, grabbed a 7 foot cord hanging from a nail on the wall and strangled her to death. Leo Frank then asked his 27-year old Negro janitor to move the body of phagan to the rear of the basement and stuff her body into an incinerator to cremate her, but Conley refused to burn the last part, and agreed to write “Mary Phagan Death Notes” pinning the crime of the Negro Nightwatchman named Newt Lee, who was not due to arrive at the factory in the late afternoon, to begin his overnight security shift.

At 3:20 am on Sunday, April 27, 1913, Newt Lee discovered the body of Mary Phagan in the cellar of the National Pencil Company and immediately climbed 2 floors to reach Leo Frank’s office, to use the phone and call the police.

Two days later Leo Frank became the prime suspect because he incriminated himself in an inescapable manner in the minds of the police. As the investigation continued, Leo Frank got caught in a number of lies concerning his whereabouts when Mary Phagan was in office. First Frank told the police he was with Mary Phagan in his office between “12:05pm and 12:10pm, maybe 12:07pm”, but an employee named Monteen Stover seeking to collect her pay said Leo Frank’s office was empty between 12:05 and 12:10pm, because she waited there for him and then left because she thought perhaps the factory was deserted given it was a holiday.

At the murder trial of Leo Frank on August 18, 1913, he explained to the Jury why Monteen Stover had found his office empty, by saying he might have “unconsciously” gone to the bathroom in the metal room. If you had been sitting in the courtroom when you heard those words of admission from Leo Frank, you would have felt cold shivers down your spine, because  Leo Frank made an admission that amounted to a murder confession. By commonsense alone, Leo Frank could not simultaneously be in his office with Mary Phagan, and in the metal room bathroom at the same time.

Leo Frank’s accessory-after-the-murder, told a jury that Leo Frank confessed in private to assaulting Mary Phagan because she refused to have sex with him.

Leo Frank was convicted on Monday, August 25, 1913.

To learn more about the Leo Frank Case visit the Leo Frank Research Library:

Fair Usage Law

August 17, 2012   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, B'nai B'rith, Jewish American Heritage Month, Judaism, Ku Klux Klan, Leo Frank  Comments Closed

Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust Denial!

Did Six Million Really Die?

by Richard E. Harwood


Of course, atrocity propaganda is nothing new. It has accompanied every conflict of the 20th century and doubtless will continue to do so. During the First World War, the Germans were actually accused of eating Belgian babies, as well as delighting to throw them in the air and transfix them on bayonets. The British also alleged that the German forces were operating a “Corpse Factory,” in which they boiled down the bodies of their own dead in order to obtain glycerine and other commodities, a calculated insult to the honour of an Imperial army. After the war, however, came the retractions; indeed, a public statement was made by the Foreign Secretary in the House of Commons apologising for the insults to German honour, which were admitted to be war-time propaganda.

No such statements have been made after the Second World War. In fact, rather than diminish with the passage of years, the atrocity propaganda concerning the German occupation, and in particular their treatment of the Jews, has done nothing but increase its virulence, and elaborate its catalogue of horrors. Gruesome paperback books with lurid covers continue to roll from the presses, adding continuously to a growing mythology of the concentration camps and especially to the story that no less than Six Million Jews were exterminated in them. The ensuing pages will reveal this claim to be the most colossal piece of fiction and the most successful of deceptions; but here an attempt may be made to answer an important question: What has rendered the atrocity stories of the Second World War so uniquely different from those of the First? Why were the latter retracted while the former are reiterated louder than ever? Is it possible that the story of the Six Million Jews is serving a political purpose, even that it is a form of political blackmail?

So far as the Jewish people themselves are concerned, the deception has been an incalculable benefit. Every conceivable race and nationality had its share of suffering in the Second World War, but none has so successfully elaborated it and turned it to such great advantage. The alleged extent of their persecution quickly aroused sympathy for the Jewish national homeland they had sought for so long; after the War the British Government did little to prevent Jewish emigration to Palestine which they had declared illegal, and it was not long afterwards that the Zionists wrested ftom the Government the land of Palestine and created their haven from persecution, the State of Israel. Indeed, it is a remarkable fact that the Jewish people emerged from the Second World War as nothing less than a triumphant minority. Dr. Max Nussbaum, the former chief rabbi of the Jewish community in Berlin, stated on April 11, 1953: “The position the Jewish people occupy today in the world — despite the enormous losses — is ten times stronger than what it was twenty years ago.” It should be added, if one is to be honest, that this strength has been much consolidated financially by the supposed massacre of the Six Million, undoubtedly the most profitable atrocity allegation of all time. To date, the staggering figure of six thousand million pounds has been paid out in compensation by the Federal Government of West Germany, mostly to the State of Israel (which did not even exist during the Second World War), as well as to individual Jewish claimants.


In terms of political blackmail, however, the allegation that Six Million Jews died during the Second World War has much more far-reaching implications for the people of Britain and Europe than simply the advantages it has gained for the Jewish nation. And here one comes to the crux of the question: Why the Big Lie? What is its purpose? In the first place, it has been used quite unscrupulously to discourage any form of nationalism. Should the people of Britain or any other European country attempt to assert their patriotism and preserve their national integrity in an age when the very existence of nation-states is threatened, they are immediately branded as “neo-Nazis”. Because, of course, Nazism was nationalism, and we all know what happened then — Six Million Jews were exterminated! So long as the myth is perpetuated, peoples everywhere will remain in bondage to it; the need for international tolerance and understanding will be hammered home by the United Nations until nationhood itself, the very guarantee of freedom, is abolished.

A classic example of the use of the ‘Six Million’ as an anti-national weapon appears in Manvell and Frankl’s book, The Incomparable Crime (London, 1967), which deals with ‘Genocide in the Twentieth Century.’ Anyone with a pride in being British will be somewhat surprised by the vicious attack made on the British Empire in this book. The authors quote Pandit Nehru, who wrote the following while in a British prison in India: “Since Hitler emerged from obscurity and became the Führer of Germany, we have heard a great deal about racialism and the Nazi theory of the ‘Herrenvolk’ … But we in India have known racialism in all its forms ever since the commencement of British rule. The whole ideology of this rule was that of the ‘Herrenvolk’ and the master race … India as a nation and Indians as individuals were subjected to insult, humiliation and contemptuous treatment. The English were an imperial race, we were told, with the God-given right to govern us and keep us in subjection; if we protested we were reminded of the ‘tiger qualities of an imperial race’.” The authors Manvell and Frankl then go on to make the point perfectly clear for us: “The white races of Europe and America,” they write, “have become used during centuries to regarding themselves as a ‘Herrenvolk.’ The twentieth century, the century of Auschwitz, has also achieved the first stage in the recognition of multi-racial partnership.” (ibid., p .14)


One could scarcely miss the object of this diatribe, with its insiduous hint about “multi-racial partnership.” Thus the accusation of the Six Million is not only used to undermine the principle of nationhood and national pride, but it threatens the survival of the Race itself. It is wielded over the heads of the populace, rather as the threat of hellfire and damnation was in the Middle Ages. Many countries of the Anglo-Saxon world, notably Britain and America, are today facing the gravest danger in their history, the danger posed by the alien races in their midst. Unless something is done in Britain to halt the immigration and assimilation of Africans and Asians into our country, we are faced in the near future, quite apart from the bloodshed of racial conflict, with the biological alteration and destruction of the British people as they have existed here since the coming of the Saxons. In short, we are threatened with the irrecoverable loss of our European culture and racial heritage. But what happens if a man dares to speak of the race problem, of its biological and political implications? He is branded as that most heinous of creatures, a “racialist”. And what is racialism:,of course, but the very hallmark of the Nazi! They (so everyone is told, anyway) murdered Six Million Jews because of racialism, so it must be a very evil thing indeed. When Enoch Powell drew attention to the dangers posed by coloured immigration into Britain in one of his early speeches, a certain prominent Socialist raised the spectre of Dachau and Auschwitz to silence his presumption.

Thus any rational discussion of the problems of Race and the effort to preserve racial integrity is effectively discouraged. No one could have anything but admiration for the way in which the Jews have sought to preserve their race through so many centuries, and continue to do so today. In this effort they have frankly been assisted by the story of the Six .Million, which, almost like a religious myth, has stressed the need for greater Jewish racial solidarity. Unfortunately, it has worked in quite the opposite way for all other peoples, rendering them impotent in the struggle for self-preservation.

The aim in the following pages is quite simply to tell the Truth. The distinguished American historian Harry Elmer Barnes once wrote that “An attempt to make a competent, objective and truthful investigation of the extermination question … is surely the most precarious venture that an historian or demographer could undertake today.” In attempting this precarious task, it is hoped to make some contribution, not only to historical truth, but towards lifting the burden of a lie from our own shoulders, so that we may freely confront the dangers which threaten us all.

Richard E. Harwood


Rightly or wrongly, the Germany of Adolf Hitler considered the Jews to be a disloyal and avaricious element within the national community, as well as a force of decadence in Germany’s cultural life. This was held to be particularly unhealthy since, during the Weimar period, the Jews had risen to a position of remarkable strength and influence in the nation, particularly in law, finance and the mass media, even though they constituted only 5 per cent of the population. The fact that Karl Marx was a Jew and that Jews such as Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht were disproportionately prominent in the leadership of revolutionary movements in Germany, also tended to convince the Nazis of the powerful internationalist and Communist tendencies of the Jewish people themselves.

It is no part of the discussion here to argue whether the German attitude to the Jews was right or not, or to judge whether its legislative measures against them were just or unjust. Our concern is simply with the fact that, believing of the Jews as they did, the Nazis’ solution to the problem was to deprive them of their influence within the nation by various legislative acts, and most important of all, to encounge their emigration from the country altogether. By 1939, the great majority of German Jews had emigrated, all of them with a sizeable proportion of their assets. Never at any time had the Nazi leadership even contemplated a policy of genocide towards them.


It is very significant, however, that certain Jews were quick to interpret these policies of internal discrimination as equivalent to extermination itself. A 1936 anti-German propaganda book by Leon Feuchtwanger and others entitled Der Gelbe Fleck: Die Ausrotung von 500,000 deutschen Juden (The Yellow Spot: The Extermination of 500,000 German Jews, Paris, 1936), presents a typical example. Despite its baselessness in fact, the annihilation of the Jews is discussed from the first pages — straight-forward emigration being regarded as the physical “extermination” of German Jewry. The Nazi concentration camps for political prisoners are also seen as potential instruments of genocide, and special reference is made to the 100 Jews still detained in Dachau in 1936, of whom 60 had been there since 1933. A further example was the sensational book by the German-Jewish Communist, Hans Beimler, called Four Weeks in the Hands of Hitler’s Hell-Hounds: The Nazi Murder Camp of Dachau, which was published in New York as eady as 1933. Detained for his Marxist affiliations, he claimed that Dachau was a death camp, though by his own admission he was released after only a month there. The present regime in East Germany now issues a Hans Beimler Award for services to Communism.

The fact that anti-Nazi genocide propaganda was being disseminated at this impossibly early date, therefore, by people biased on racial or political grounds, should suggest extreme caution to the independent-minded observer when approaching similar stories of the war period.

The encouragement of Jewish emigration should not be confused with the purpose of concentration camps in pre-war Germany. These were used for the detention of political opponents and subversives — principally liberals, Social Democrats and Communists of all kinds, of whom a proportion were Jews such as Hans Beimler. Unlike the millions enslaved in the Soviet Union, the German concentration camp population was always small; Reitinger admits that between 1934 and 1938 it seldom exceeded 20,000 throughout the whole of Germany, and the number of Jews was never more than 3,000. (The SS: Alibi of a Nation, London, 1956, p. 253).


The Nazi view of Jewish emigration was not Iimited to a negative policy of simple expulsion, but was formulated along the lines of modern Zionism. The founder of political Zionism in the 19th century, Theodore Herzl, in his work The Jewish State, had originally conceived of Madagascar as a national homeland for the Jews, and this possibility was seriously studied by the Nazis. It had been a main plank of the National Socialist party platform before 1933 and was published by the party in pamphlet form. This stated that the revival of Israel as a Jewish state was much less acceptable since it would result in perpetual war and disruption in the Arab world, which has indeed been the case. The Germans were not original in proposing Jewish emigration to Madagascar; the Polish Government had already considered the scheme in respect of their own Jewish population, and in 1937 they sent the Michael Lepecki expedition to Madagascar, accompanied by Jewish representatives, to investigate the problems involved.

The first Nazi proposals for a Madagascar solution were made in association with the Schacht Plan of 1938. On the advice of Göring, Hitler agreed to send the President of the Reichsbank, Dr. Hjaimar Schacht, to London for discussions with Jewish representatives Lord Bearsted and Mr. Rublee of New York (cf. Reitlinger, The Final Solution, London, 1953, p. 20). The plan was that German Jewish assets would be frozen as security for an international loan to finance Jewish emigration to Palestine, and Schacht reported on these negotiations to Hitler at Berchtesgaden on January 2, 1939. The plan, which failed due to British refusal to accept the financial terms, was first put forward on November 12, 1938 at a conference convened by Göring, who revealed that Hitler was already considering the emigration of Jews to a settlement in Madagascar (ibid., p. 21). Later, in December, Ribbentrop was told by M. Georges Bonnet, the French Foreign Secretary, that the French Government itself was planning the evacuation of 10,000 Jews to Madagascar.

Prior to the Schacht Palestine proposals of 1938, which were essentially a protraction of discussions that had begun as early as 1935, numerous attempts had been made to secure Jewish emigration to other European nations, and these efforts culminated in the Evian Conference of July, 1938. However, by 1939 the scheme of Jewish emigration to Madagascar had gained the most favour in German circles. It is true that in London Helmuth Wohltat of the German Foreign Office discussed limited Jewish emigration to Rhodesia and British Guiana as late as April 1939; but by January 24th, when Göring wrote to Interior Minister Frick ordering the creation of a Central Emigration Office for Jews, and commissioned Heydrich of the Reich Security Head Office to solve the Jewish problem “by means of emigration and evacuation”, the Madagascar Plan was being studied in earnest.

By 1939, the consistent efforts of the German Government to secure the departure of Jews from the Reich had resulted in the emigration of 400,000 German Jews from a total population of about 600,000, and an additional 480,000 emigrants from Austria and Czechoslovakia, which constituted almost their entire Jewish populations. This was accomplished through Offices of Jewish Emigration in Berlin, Vienna and Prague established by Adolf Eichmann, the head of the Jewish Investigation Office of the Gestapo. So eager were the Germans to secure this emigration that Eichmann even established a training centre in Austria, where young Jews could learn farming in anticipation of being smuggled illegally to Palestine (Manvell and Frankl, SS and Gestapo, p. 60). Had Hitler cherished any intention of exterminating the Jews, it is inconceivable that he would have allowed more than 800,000 to leave Reich territory with the bulk of their wealth, much less considered plans for their mass emigration to Palestine or Madagascar. What is more, we shall see that the policy of emigration from Europe was still under consideration well into the war period, notably the Madagascar Plan, which Eichmann discussed in 1940 with French Colonial Office experts after the defeat of France had made the surrender of the colony a practical proposition.

Continue to Part 2

Fair Usage Law

July 5, 2012   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, Holocaust, Holocaust Denial, Holocaust Revisionism, Israel, Jewish, Jewish American Heritage Month, Jewish Heritage, Jewish History, Jews, Judaism, Neo Nazi, World War II, Zionism  Comments Closed

Leo Frank killed Mary Phagan, says grand-niece

By Clint Williams, The Atlanta Journal-ConstitutionThe 1915 lynching of Leo Frank, convicted of murdering 13-year-old Mary Phagan, is the stuff of books, movies and now a Broadway play.None of them, says Mary Kean, get it right.“The inaccuracies bother me,” says Kean, who has been a student of the infamous case since she herself was a […]

Fair Usage Law

April 26, 2015   Posted in: Abraham Foxman, Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, B'nai B'rith, Jewish, Leo Frank, Race Relations  Comments Closed

Anti-Semitic and Racist Websites to Monitor for the Year 2014

Sai Baba – “All action results from thought, so it is thoughts that matter.”Do you think this is a game? Hate is NOT growing exponentially on the Internet, but its web traffic visitation is.Why should 21st century hate be characterized as illegal thought crimes? Because thoughts become actions. The hate begins in the mind with […]

Fair Usage Law

January 1, 2015   Posted in: AIPAC, Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism Lobby, Anti-Semitism News, Apartheid, B'nai B'rith, Boycott Israel, Censorship, Council of Conservative Citizens, David Duke, Discrimination News, Holocaust Denial, Holocaust Revisionism, Info Wars, Israel, Israel Apartheid, Israeli Lobby, Jewish, Jews, John de Nugent, Judaism, Ku Klux Klan, Leo Frank, Mark Potok, Multicultural News, Neo Nazi, Occidental Observer, Palestine, Racism News, Racist News, Southern Poverty Law Center, SPLC, White Nationalism, White Power, White Supremacism, William Luther Pierce, Zionism  Comments Closed

The Most Anti-Semitic Audiobooks and Readings of 2015

Alex Linder’s Vanguard News Network Audio Book Collection: Alex Linder the admin of the anti-Semitic, holocaust denying, White separatist, and conspiracy theory discussion forum is building the largest collection of racist anti-Jewish audiobooks in the world on his discussion forum. The National Alliance just recently started this year (2015) an audiobook section on […]

Fair Usage Law

December 24, 2014   Posted in: Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, John de Nugent, Race Relations, Racism News, Racist News, White Nationalism, White Power, White Racism, White Supremacism, World War I, Zionism  Comments Closed

Jewish Reaction to the Guilt of Leo Frank

Jewish Reaction to the Guilt of Leo FrankPublished on April 25, 2013 by Carolyn in The International Jew Study HourApril 25, 2013A special program on the 100th anniversary of the rape/murder of 13-year-old Mary Phagan (pictured right) on April 26, 1913 in Atlanta, Ga.Hadding Scott and Carolyn Yeager put the emphasis on the Jewish agenda […]

Fair Usage Law

April 26, 2013   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, Leo Frank  Comments Closed

On August 18, 1913, Did Leo Frank Confess on the Witness Stand?

           On the 99th anniversary of the verdict, we examine the murder of Mary Phagan and the trial of Leo Frank (Illustration: autopsy photo).by Mark CohenTHE CENTURY-OLD “cold case” Mary Phagan murder mystery — the violent rape and murder of teenager Mary Phagan and the subsequent lynching of the convicted killer, Jewish businessman Leo Frank — […]

Fair Usage Law

April 18, 2013   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, B'nai B'rith, Hate Crimes, Hate Speech, Israel, Jewish, Leo Frank, Southern Poverty Law Center, SPLC  Comments Closed

The Leo Frank Pedophile Scandal, an Epic Saga 1913 to 1915, that Gave Rise to the ADL and KKK

The Corporate Standard of the National Pencil Company Circa 1913The National Pencil Company (NPCo) was conceived in the imaginative spirit of an industrial Atlanta in the year 1907. One of its principal founders, an old wealthy cotton speculator, Moses Frank (b. 1841), would engage his young nephew Leo M. Frank to manage the nascent company. […]

Fair Usage Law

April 9, 2013   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, Jewish, Jewish Heritage, Jewish History, Jews, Judaism, Leo Frank, Race Relations, Racism News, Racist News, White Nationalism, White Supremacism, Zionism  Comments Closed

Physician Claims Jews are Mental Illness Carriers

Subtitle: “Is Mental Illness the Jewish Disease?”It is NOT posted on the Internet. It’s from Psychiatric News, published by the American Psychiatric Association. Date of publication: Oct. 25, 1972. Go to your local library.Evidence that Jews are carriers of schizophrenia is disclosed in a paper prepared for the American Journal of Psychiatry by Dr. Arnold […]

Fair Usage Law

December 28, 2012   Posted in: Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, Zionism  Comments Closed

Murder on This Day in Jewish History August 17: Leo Frank was Lynched in Georgia, August 17, 1915.

Anti-Semitism or Justice?Tuesday morning, August 17, 1915, 97 years ago today, B’nai B’rith President of Atlanta, Leo Frank, was lynched in Marietta by a group of 25 to 35 “good old boys” from the highest political and social strata of Georgia. The lynch mob called itself the, “Knights of Mary Phagan” and later helped to […]

Fair Usage Law

August 17, 2012   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, B'nai B'rith, Jewish American Heritage Month, Judaism, Ku Klux Klan, Leo Frank  Comments Closed

Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust Denial!

Did Six Million Really Die?by Richard E. HarwoodIntroductionOf course, atrocity propaganda is nothing new. It has accompanied every conflict of the 20th century and doubtless will continue to do so. During the First World War, the Germans were actually accused of eating Belgian babies, as well as delighting to throw them in the air and […]

Fair Usage Law

July 5, 2012   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Jewish, Anti-Semitism, Anti-Semitism News, Holocaust, Holocaust Denial, Holocaust Revisionism, Israel, Jewish, Jewish American Heritage Month, Jewish Heritage, Jewish History, Jews, Judaism, Neo Nazi, World War II, Zionism  Comments Closed

Fair Use Disclaimer

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."

Under the 'fair use' rule of copyright law, an author may make limited use of another author's work without asking permission. Fair use is based on the belief that the public is entitled to freely use portions of copyrighted materials for purposes of commentary and criticism. The fair use privilege is perhaps the most significant limitation on a copyright owner's exclusive rights.

Fair use as described at 17 U.S.C. Section 107:

"Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phono-records or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include:

  • (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for or nonprofit educational purposes,
  • (2) the nature of the copyrighted work,
  • (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole, and
  • (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work."