Archive for the ‘Black Panthers’ Category

Armed Black Panthers in the Capitol, 50 years on – Capitol Weekly

Its largely forgotten now, but 50 years ago, it created a national sensation. It even caused the National Rifle Association and Ronald Reagan to back a gun-control bill authored by a Republican.

Tuesday is the 50th anniversary of the May 2, 1967 invasion of the state Capitol by two dozen gun-toting Black Panthers. Carrying rifles, pistols and shotguns, and wearing dark glasses, leather jackets and berets, they marched up the front steps and into the Capitol to demonstrate their opposition to an anti-gun bill by Oakland Republican Don Mulford (1915-2000).

Unlike today, there were no airport-style security checkpoints at Capitol entrances visitors could come and go freely.

When they arrived, Ronald Reagan, then near the beginning of his eight years as governor, was on the Capitol lawn, hosting a gathering of eighth-graders.

CAPITOL IS INVADED blared the huge front-page headline in the May 2 then- afternoon Sacramento Bee. Associated Press photographer Walt Zeboskis dramatic pictures ran in newspapers across the nation. The Panthers had also alerted television stations to their upcoming demonstration.

It all came about as a result of an American racial divide that existed 50 years ago and in some measure continues today. On the eve of the Summer of Love in San Francisco, the Black Panther Party for Self Defense began in 1966 as a small community organization across the bay in Oakland. The founders were Huey Newton and Bobby Seale.

Seale described the Panthers as an organization that represents black people and many white radicals relate to this and understand that the Black Panther Party is a righteous revolutionary front against this racist decadent, capitalistic system. The motto was Power to the People.

The Panthers instituted armed Police Patrols to protect African Americans, they said, from Oakland police harassment. In those days in California, it was legal to carry guns in public as long as they werent pointed at someone.

Six months after they began the Black Panthers, Seale and Newton heard about Mulfords bill. They decided to dramatically demonstrate their opposition by going to the Capitol.

The demonstration drew the attention of the FBI. J. Edgar Hoover wanted to be sure black nationalist hate groupswere scrutinized.

When they arrived, Ronald Reagan, then near the beginning of his eight years as governor, was on the Capitol lawn, hosting a gathering of eighth-graders. As the armed and fearsome-looking Panthers arrived, Reagan was hustled inside.

The visitors walked into the building, and headed for the Assembly chamber on the second floor, where they intended to read aloud Executive Mandate Number 1, a statement in opposition to the Mulford Bill. They were not allowed to enter the chamber, so they went outside and read the statement on the front lawn.

The Black Pantherss action resulted in swift approval of Mulfords bill. Mulford even added a clause barring anyone but law enforcement from bringing a loaded firearm into the Capitol.

Reagan quickly signed the bill. He was quoted as saying Theres no reason why on the street today a citizen should be carrying loaded weapons.

The demonstration drew the attention of the FBI. J. Edgar Hoover wanted to be sure black nationalist hate groupswere scrutinized.

In 1973, Bobby Seale ran for mayor of Oakland, finishing second to incumbent John Reading.

The Black Panthers and their dramatic tactics captured the imagination of young African-Americans, who felt someone was standing up for them in the face of White racism. The racial divide in the United States continued unabated, however. The next five decades saw repeated instances of black-white confrontations, including recent videos of police dealing with Black males that went viral, provoking outrage.

The Black Panthers had declined in influence by the early 70s, beset by internal schisms and legal problems.

Huey Newton earned a doctorate from the University of California at Santa Cruz and continued to be a voice for angry African-Americans. He fled to Cuba in 1974 and remained there for three years to avoid charges of murder and assault. (He was later acquitted of both charges.) Newton was shot to death on August 22, 1989, in Oakland. Newtons killer, Tyrone Robinson, also an African-American and a member of the Black Guerrilla Family, was convicted of the murder in 1991 and sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.

Bobby Seale, now in his early 80s, later became one of the originalChicago Eight defendants charged with conspiracy and inciting a riot in the wake of the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. In 1973, he ran for mayor of Oakland, finishing second to incumbent John Reading.

In 2013, the New Black Panther Party for Self Defense was formed in Atlanta. It has no ties to the original Black Panther organization.

The Mulford Act is still part of the California Penal Code.

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Armed Black Panthers in the Capitol, 50 years on – Capitol Weekly

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Why Black Panther Will Be Marvel’s Most Important Movie Yet – Screen Rant

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Black Panther co-creator Bobby Seale speaks at Pierce College – Pierce Pioneer

Co-creator of the Black Panther movement Bobby Seale drew crowds earlier on April 5, recollecting the origins and creation of the Black Panther Party.

Executive Officer of Equity Diversity and Inclusion Oneida Blagg arranged for the former Black panther to give historical context to the black power movement.

We received word from the institute of student leadership. They told us that he was having a book tour in this area, so we organized a private college event, said Blagg. [Bobby Seale] is a primary source of history. He influenced so much of the 50s and 60s and students should see how this still affects students and teach them how to be leaders. He is an example on how anyone can make a change at any age.

Bobby Seale was born in Texas on 1936. His father was a business owner, where he helped his father in the shop. My father built our first home. He was a builder, Seale said. After the war, Seales family moved to Oakland, CA, the birthplace of the Black Panthers.

During 1958-59, Seale enlisted into the Air Force and deployed in the Lakota region. They are not Sioux, they are Lakota. That is their true name. I learned a lot about Native culture, but I didnt know that much about African American culture.

After the Air force, Seale went to a community college then he started working at the Gemini missile program. It was there that Seale found his passion in the grassroots movement. I quit my job at a missile program. It was there that I started this youth tutorial program. We paid minimum wage for young people to re-educate themselves, Seale said.

Seale started many projects to help alleviate the struggles for oppressed people. When I was working at human resources in Oakland, CA. I was trying to get those political seats. Those seats and those votes would help give representation for our community.

He was helping kids learn trades, building things, and gain skills for employment. It wasnt until a book on black power did his ideas on racial equity come into fruition.

I had learned a lot about Lakota culture, now Im learning about African American culture, Hispanic culture. I learned that we were not going to get power unless we got those political seats, said Seale.

It was until the Watts riots when the Black Panther Party coalition began to form. After the Watts riot in 1965, where thousands of people were arrested and dozens killed, people were locked up and it hurt their first amendment rights.

At the end of 1965, Bobby Seale and Huey P. Lewis created the black panther movement. We sat down one night and drew up ten rules, we researched the constitution and the laws on carrying arms, then we started patrolling the police officers, said Seale. It was so well researched, articulate, and disciplined.

The Black Panther Party was an entirely new organization of that time. We were very neat, ironed our uniforms. We werent no blippie, or black hippie. The party began a free breakfast program, free check-ups for sickle-cell anemia, and gave away 10,000 bags of groceries. The party especially motivated people to register to vote.

Voting rights were threatened, they are still being threatened. My goal was to put people in the electoral machine and to get candidates who advocated our needs.

Then in 1969, the party encountered media controversy. We were called the KKK of the black community, said Seale. Regarding the beginning of the FBI investigation and subsequent shoot out, Seale explained how people viewed the Black Panther Party They said Shot and murdered from fascists. Be a peaceful protestor and they call you a terrorist.

Now that people have a clearer understanding of the Civil Rights movement, Bobby Seale and other students hope to remove the stigma of the Black Panther Party. One Pierce college student and Social Justice leader Joey Adams asked Seale, the media painted you as vigilantes, getting attention. Now we know about the FBI, what kept you going against combatting that?

Seales response seemed reminiscent and a little remorseful, young folks flooded my organization after Martin Luther King Jr. was killed, so the party grew the Black Panther Party. Then Nixon talked with the FBI and we realized hes going to attack us. FBI started a day long shootout with us. We had to survive and we did. We lost a lot of our lives, but we stood our ground.

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Black Panther co-creator Bobby Seale speaks at Pierce College – Pierce Pioneer

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LIVE STREAM: Black Panthers Derby in EFL; France’s Thonon-les-bains hosts Prague – American Football International

It will be the battle of the Cats as Frances Thonon les Bains Black Panthers take on the Prague Black Panthers from the Stade Joseph Moynat in Thonon-les-Bains, France Saturday, Arpil 22 in the firstEuropean Football League Group B game of the season.

In the first game of EFL play in Group A last weekend, the Milano Rhinos from Italy downed Frances Nice Dauphins 28-21.

Thonon enters the game leading the French league with a 6-1 record and the top offense having scored 314 points in seven games. Prague is undefeated in the Czech league with a 3-0 record and is averaging 48 points a game.

Prague quarterback Jan Dundek is a veteran of both Czech league and Austrian league games and is also the signal caller for the Czech national team and a key to the offense. Thonon relies heavily on the ground game with running backAnreas Betza,who leads the French league in rushing with 1,101 yards and 18 touchdowns. His teammate Vincent Begou is fifth in France while Stephen Yepmo is not far behind.

Thonon will face the Berlin Adler on May 6 in another Group B game while Prague takes on Berlin May 21. The winner of Group A will play the winner of Group B June 11 for the EFL championship.

Mc Donalds Anthy European Football League Game by blackpanthers-football

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LIVE STREAM: Black Panthers Derby in EFL; France’s Thonon-les-bains hosts Prague – American Football International

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Fairfield Museum After Dark: The Black Panthers from National to Local – Fairfield Sun

The public is invited to visit the Museum After Dark on Thursday, May 4, at 6 p.m., for a presentation about the legacy of the Black Panther party. The Fairfield Museum will host Dr. Yohuru Williams of Fairfield University and special guest Craig Kelly, former president of the NAACP in Bridgeport and member of the Black Panther party in New York. A reception will be held at 6 p.m. and the featured event will start at 6:45. This program is held in conjunction with the Museums newest exhibition, Talkin Bout My Generation: Fairfield in the 1960s and 1970s.

Dr. Yohuru Williams

Dr. Williams will lead a presentation on the Black Panther party, providing a broad analysis of the Party and its legacy. He will provide examples of the local chapters, including Connecticut, New England and New York City, and how the party chapters related to national scene, but also reflected their own community. Learn how New Haven became a pivotal point in the challenges between the different perspectives, from political nuances to militant philosophy.

Described in Diverse Issues in Higher Education as one of the most exciting scholars of his generation, Dr. Williams is the History Department Chair and the Director of Black Studies at Fairfield University in Fairfield, CT. He is the author of Black Politics/White Power: Civil Rights, Black Power, the Black Panthers in New Haven and editor of Liberated Territory: Untold Local Perspectives on the Black Panther Party. He is also Chief Historian for the Jackie Robinson Foundation and Museum in New York, NY. He received his Ph.D. from Howard University in 1998.

Following the presentation, Dr. Williams will lead a discussion with guest Craig Kelly, former president of the NAACP in Bridgeport and member of the Black Panther Party in New York. Kelly, a lifelong resident of the Bridgeport, received a masters degree in counseling from the University of Bridgeport. He has provided counseling services for the Inner City Violence Prevention Association, Inc., families of African American firefighters who died on 9/11, South African AIDS victims, and the Katrina Assistance Project. He retired from the Bridgeport Fire Department as a Lieutenant in 2004 and served as president of the Greater Bridgeport NAACP from 2007-2009. He is a member of Mt. Aery Baptist Church in Bridgeport.

The reception and presentation are for members, with a $5 suggested donation for nonmembers. For more information or to learn about the new exhibition visit Fairfieldhistory.org. Talkin Bout My Generation: Fairfield in the 1960s & 1970s runs through Sept. 17.

The Fairfield Museum is located at 370 Beach Road in Fairfield. For more information or to register for programs visit Fairfieldhistory.org or call 203-259-1598. The Museum and Museum Shop are open 10-4, daily. Admission is free for members and children ages 5 and under; $5 for adults; $3 for seniors/students.

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Fairfield Museum After Dark: The Black Panthers from National to Local – Fairfield Sun

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Black Panther Footage Reveals the Ferocious Female Warriors of Wakanda – Vanity Fair

Update 7:35 E.T.: A Marvel representative reached out to say that the nature of the relationship between Danai Guriras Okoye and Florence Kasumbas Ayo in Black Panther is not a romantic one and that specific love storyline from the comic World of Wakanda was not used as a source.

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Whether or not he had the approval of Disney when he did so, Beauty and the Beast director Bill Condon caused quite a stir in the April issue of Attitudeboth of hopeful expectations and of conservative pushbackwhen he touted Josh Gads character LeFou and his exclusively gay moment.Though Condon surely had his heart in the right place, the phrase overpromised on what the film ultimately underdelivered: the moment comes when LeFou ends the movie by dancing, briefly with a man. O.K. However, early footage of Marvels upcoming Black Panther screened for journalists Monday night movie promises much more.

The scene in question features Walking Dead star Danai Gurira dancing on a boat with her fellow Dora Milaje, i.e., Black Panthers personal female bodyguards. These womenfirst introduced to moviegoers in Captain America: Civil War are the warriors who watch over Chadwick Bosemans royal family. In Civil War, Uganda-born actress Florence Kasumba made an instant impression on audiences as one member of the select group when she curtly ordered Scarlett Johanssons Black Widow to move aside for TChalla.

In the rough cut of this Black Panther scene, we see Guriras Okoye and Kasumbas Ayo swaying rhythmically back in formation with the rest of their team. Okoye eyes Ayo flirtatiously for a long time as the camera pans in on them. Eventually, she says, appreciatively and appraisingly, You look good. Ayo responds in kind. Okoye grins and replies, I know.

This quick moment between two warrior women on their way to TChallas coronation leans into a current very popular run of the Black Panther comic. A 2016 spin-off called World of Wakanda by Ta-Nehisi Coates, Roxane Gay, and Yona Harvey is all about the relationship between two members of the Dora Milaje. The official description:

A Wakandan love storyits tenderness matched only by its brutality.

You know them now as The Midnight Angels, but in this story they are

just Ayo and Aneka, young women recruited to become Dora Milaje, an

elite task force trained to protect the crown at all costs. What happens when your nation needs your hearts

and minds, but you already gave them to each other?

Other footage from the film screened early for reporters centers more closely on TChalla, including scenes of a traditional and elaborate Wakandan ceremony, and a shoot-out in a South Korea casino featuring Andy Serkiss Claw and Martin Freemans Everett K. Ross. For fans of Lupita Nyongo, there was also a pair of scenes showing her character dancing (she gets her own boat) and taking out several armed guards.

The costumes in Black Pantherespecially the ones worn by the Dora Milajeare truly dazzling, with a lot of bright colors and elaborate patterns. Angela Bassett, as TChallas mother and Queen of Wakanda, sports a jaw-dropping coiffure of snow-white dreadlocks. According to the production team, director Ryan Coogler was interested in giving Black Pantherthe star of which debuted in Civil Waran updated look that was more faithful to the current run of comics. And though Marvel didnt screen any footage of Michael B. Jordan in costumehes playing villainous Erik Killmongerconcept art tacked to the Marvel office walls revealed a fearsome mask compete with horns and mane.

In other words: even if Marvel and superhero fatigue is setting in, rest assured that Black Panther isnt going to look like anything youve seen from them before.

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Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus.

Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus.

Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus.

Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus.

Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus.

Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus.

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Black Panther Footage Reveals the Ferocious Female Warriors of Wakanda – Vanity Fair

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Milwaukee Black Panthers protest Common Council meeting – WISN Milwaukee

MILWAUKEE

The Milwaukee Black Panthers arrived at the Milwaukee Common Council meeting Tuesday morning,calling for elected officials to step down.

The Black Panthers held signs which read, “recall” and called for Mayor Tom Barrett and Common Council President Ashanti Hamilton to resign.

“This is a political process. Any one of them could have run for office,” Hamilton said. “This is a huge district and we’re trying to tackle some major issues. I really can’t get distracted by the catcalling and some of the stuff on the sidelines.”

The Black Panthers are fighting what they call, “hyper-segregation” and mass incarceration in the black community. Their leader, King Rick, said the Common Council is not doing enough to help.

Mayor Barrett’s office declined to comment.

WEBVTT EXPLAINS THEY’REARE HOPING TO FORCE ELECTEDOFFICIALS — >> THEY STOOD SILENTLY WITHSIGNS THAT DEMANDED THE MAYORAND THE COUNCIL PRESIDENTRESIGN.THEY ARE FIGHTING WITH THE CALLHYPER SEGREGATION.THE PRESIDENT SAYS THAT, IF THEBLACK PANTHERS WANT TO HELP,THEY SHOULD.>> IT IS A POLITICAL PROCESS ANDTHEY COULD RUN FOR OFFICE.THIS IS A HUGE DISTRICT THAT ISTRYING TO TACKLE SOME ISSUES.I CANNOT GET DISTRACTED BY SOMEOF THE CAT CALLING AND SOME OFTHE STUFF ON THE SIDELINES.>> WE REACHED OUT TO THE CHIEF

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Milwaukee Black Panthers protest Common Council meeting – WISN Milwaukee

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St. Peter’s Basilica Meets the Black Panthers in a Contemporary Altarpiece – Hyperallergic

Hammer Projects: Kevin Beasley, installation view, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (all photos by Brian Forrest)

LOS ANGELES The Vault Gallery at the UCLAs Hammer Museum is named after the classic arched architecture that informs the shape and structure of many houses of worship. The installation Hammer Projects: Kevin Beasley currently occupies the aforementioned hall, and the atmosphere is appropriately hushed. A thick black curtain encased in an exoskeleton made of knotted do-rags is suspended heavily from the high ceiling, tempering and softening the noise from the museums open courtyard. The room is darkened. Eyes take a moment to adjust. Visitors whisper.

After padding softly around the curtain, the viewer is confronted by an altar that has been carefully arranged and spotlit in the apse. A single wicker peacock chair, raised slightly off the floor on a platform strewn with clothing, is centered on a diamond-patterned rug and flanked by a number of floating housedresses shellacked phantoms with invisible bodies. Headless hoods face the audience. A pair of sweatpants halfheartedly hovers. A thin, molded figure clutching a black and red shield sits by each armrest. A flaming scarlet and gold sunburst hangs above and behind the throne, feathers dispersed across its shiny surface, a grate placed over its rectangular frame. More veils in florals and paisleys encircle the altarpiece.

The mournful surroundings suggest that these garments are widows weeds. All the fabric ghosts seem to be covered in a liquid sheen. Beasley often utilizes a concoction of polyurethane foam and resin to give three-dimensionality to materials that have less structural integrity. Though not cast in luxurious metals, his figures are prepared to weather the storm.

For this installation, Beasley lifted inspiration from two sources: the 17th-century Baroque altarpiece designed by sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini at the St. Peters Basilica in Rome and a photographic portrait of the Black Panther Party co-founder Huey P. Newton sitting in a rattan peacock chair. The relic of Saint Peters wooden chair is enclosed in an ornate bronze sculpture at the center of the altarpiece, supported by four saints whose robes swish and drape dramatically. The ceiling apse is outfitted in gilded stucco, and the opulent materials used reflect the spare-no-costs attitude of the Vatican: colorful marbles, stained glass, gilded bronze. Berninis lavish dcor symbolically reflects the power and endurance of the Church. The portrait of Newton, created centuries later, shows the man straight-backed on his throne, which sits upon a zebra skin, clutching both a spear and an automatic weapon. As art historian Jo-Ann Morgan notes, the mis-en-scne also flirts with mythology of the nonwest tinsel town meets National Geographic. The photograph has been reproduced and circulated widely since the late 1960s, and has become an image that reflects the authority and legitimacy of the Black Panther Party.

The composition of Newtons portrait is rooted in Western visual tradition but instantiates power through a fantastical staging that complicates what is expected through its deliberate presentation. Beasley inquires, What does it mean to replace Berninis chair of Saint Peter with the chair of Huey P. Newton? With this installation, he challenged himself to reconsider the role of power through this exchange. His work often deals with the intersection of materiality and sound, and sounds ubiquity (both its presence and non-presence) helps shape the experience of moving through a space. At the Hammer, the space feels sublime and sacred in its grandiose silence.

Hammer Projects: Kevin Beasley continues at Hammer Museum, UCLA (10899 Wilshire Blvd.), through April 23.

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The Black Panther Party 50 years later – The Commonwealth Times

Students and community members had their fists raised last night at a panel event hosted by the VCU African-American Studies Department that explored the lessons and legacies of the Black Panther Party.

The event was held in celebration of the Black Panther Partys 50th anniversary. Three former Panthers Sekou Odinga, Jihad Abdulmumit and Pamela Hannah were invited to speak about their experiences to a packed venue at The Depot on Broad St.

A common misunderstanding is that the Black Panther Party was nothing more than a violent, terrorist group, full of criminals and sociopolitical outcasts, said Abdulmumit, a former BPP member and current Richmond resident who now works in a local health clinic and is active with VCUs Muslim Student Association.

Young people are the the future, Odinga said. What I would like people to take away from this, here tonight, is to go out and organize groups and to stand up for what they believe in.

Student and event attendee, Asia McCall, said as a black muslim-American she worries about standing up and fighting for what she believes in.

To me its so important to be here today and hear their stories, McCall said. The color of my skin has an embedded history of social demonstrations that changed the world around me. But my contribution to this social movement that is so desperately needed in light of the new presidency and Black Lives Matter to me is still grey.

The Black Panther Party was founded in 1966 in Oakland, California by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. The party began as a community service organization focused on protecting and promoting the civil rights of oppressed citizens.

Dressed in black and open carrying weapons, the Black Panthers of Defense quickly became a divisive entity in California. The movement spread to New York, where Sekou Odinga was a founding member of the east coast chapter.

Odingas legacy and contribution to the Black Panthers attracted many of the public who attended the event which quickly reached capacity and organizers had to begin turning away attendees. Odinga told the crowd that the fight for social change is always on-going and he remembers the moment where he knew he had to go into underground work as part of the Black Liberation Movement.

On Jan. 17, 1969, Odingas influence as a Black Panther member grew when a rival black nationalist group killed two Panthers from California Alprentis Bunchy Carter and John Huggins. A Panther from Odingas New York chapter was in police custody and had been beaten brutally; the police were actively searching for Odinga in connection to a police shooting.

That was probably the most terrifying and emotional experience I have had as a Black Panther, Odinga said.

Odinga ultimately was arrested on six counts of attempted murder. He was convicted in 1984 and sentenced to a consecutive 25 years to life state sentence and a 40 year federal sentence.

Odinga was released from prison on Nov. 25, 2014. He now runs the Jericho Movement which focuses on the rights of political prisoners in the United States some of whom have been in jail since the height of movements in the 1960s and 1970s.

Hannah said the total amount of time the remaining incarcerated members of the party are serving totals around 800 years.

Many of these people, they arent going to live out their sentence, Hannah said. They will die before they can do that.

Hannah also commented on the similarities between her native city of Harlem and Richmond, Va.

I was driving around the city today and it looks like gentrification, Hannah said to the crowd. The conditions that brought myself to the BPP in 1969 still exist today.

During her portion of the panel, Hannah emphasized the importance of young people looking critically into and at their communities.

(Political organization) doesnt have to be real complicated, this isnt a fancy community, Hannah said. Know your resources, focus on your resources and in the meantime instead of saving the world start with saving your community save each other.

Abdulmumit, the third panelist, began his speech by detailing an incident that led him to join the Panthers.

My father, my brother, and I were stopped on our way home by police officers, Abdulmumit said. The police pointed guns at the heads of my father and brother.

His father and brother were released without charges and no explanation, and Abdulmumit went on to co-found a Black Panther Party chapter in his New Jersey hometown. He is no longer able to reside there due to a robbery conviction, however.

For Abdulmumit, the robbery he was convicted for, much like the creation of the Black Panther for Self Defense, was crucial to the development and flourishing of the Black Panther Movement, the black power movement and for furthering civil rights.

Here we are 40 years later, and people may look at me as a criminal bank robber. But I never kept that money; I put it directly back into the work, for our community, Abdulmumit told Richmond Magazine.

Meanwhile, a group identified as ASH Antifa Seven Hills Antifascists Seven Hills on Facebook shared a widely-circulated post stating the VCU Police Department were outside stopping attendees who wished to enter the overcapacity event.

As this was happening, a young person from outside tried to walk past a cop, calmly, and he was nearly thrown to the ground, whipped around, reads ASH Antifa Facebook post. Ive seen (the VCU PD) be more aggressive and physically violent more often than RPD, and thats no f***ing compliment. They are the enforcement arm of VCUs colonization of Richmond.

According to VCU PD public information officer Corey Byers, the person mentioned in the post was not a VCU student and students were not being allowed in the venue because the crowd was over-capacity, as designated by the fire marshall, and event organizers asked for assistance.

Despite several communications from event organizers to those outside that no one else could be admitted, one person ran past an officer and entered the building, Byers wrote in an email. (The person) was briefly detained and escorted out of The Depot. The man was not arrested and no charges are pending. He was not a VCU student.

Byers said the VCU PD reviewed the incident this morning, and Police Chief John Venuti believes officers at the event should have communicated more clearly with guests outside to explain why no one was being admitted into the building even after other participants left the event.

Richmond Struggle, a local activist group, gathered in the VCU compass on Wednesday evening to protest not only the police interaction on Tuesday evening, but to raise awareness of police overreach in day-to-day interactions.

Were here to protest VCU PD in general, said Foster McClain, a member of Richmond Struggle, With its policies of racial profiling and generally serving as the shock troops for VCUs gentrification plan for Richmond.

Richmond Struggle said they plan on hosting similar events.

Keyris Manzanares, Contributing Writer

Siona Peterous, Spectrum Editor

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The Black Panther Party 50 years later – The Commonwealth Times

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Armed Black Panthers in the Capitol, 50 years on – Capitol Weekly

Its largely forgotten now, but 50 years ago, it created a national sensation. It even caused the National Rifle Association and Ronald Reagan to back a gun-control bill authored by a Republican. Tuesday is the 50th anniversary of the May 2, 1967 invasion of the state Capitol by two dozen gun-toting Black Panthers. Carrying rifles, pistols and shotguns, and wearing dark glasses, leather jackets and berets, they marched up the front steps and into the Capitol to demonstrate their opposition to an anti-gun bill by Oakland Republican Don Mulford (1915-2000). Unlike today, there were no airport-style security checkpoints at Capitol entrances visitors could come and go freely. When they arrived, Ronald Reagan, then near the beginning of his eight years as governor, was on the Capitol lawn, hosting a gathering of eighth-graders. CAPITOL IS INVADED blared the huge front-page headline in the May 2 then- afternoon Sacramento Bee. Associated Press photographer Walt Zeboskis dramatic pictures ran in newspapers across the nation. The Panthers had also alerted television stations to their upcoming demonstration. It all came about as a result of an American racial divide that existed 50 years ago and in some measure continues today. On the eve of the Summer of Love in San Francisco, the Black Panther Party for Self Defense began in 1966 as a small community organization across the bay in Oakland. The founders were Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. Seale described the Panthers as an organization that represents black people and many white radicals relate to this and understand that the Black Panther Party is a righteous revolutionary front against this racist decadent, capitalistic system. The motto was Power to the People. The Panthers instituted armed Police Patrols to protect African Americans, they said, from Oakland police harassment. In those days in California, it was legal to carry guns in public as long as they werent pointed at someone. Six months after they began the Black Panthers, Seale and Newton heard about Mulfords bill. They decided to dramatically demonstrate their opposition by going to the Capitol. The demonstration drew the attention of the FBI. J. Edgar Hoover wanted to be sure black nationalist hate groupswere scrutinized. When they arrived, Ronald Reagan, then near the beginning of his eight years as governor, was on the Capitol lawn, hosting a gathering of eighth-graders. As the armed and fearsome-looking Panthers arrived, Reagan was hustled inside. The visitors walked into the building, and headed for the Assembly chamber on the second floor, where they intended to read aloud Executive Mandate Number 1, a statement in opposition to the Mulford Bill. They were not allowed to enter the chamber, so they went outside and read the statement on the front lawn. The Black Pantherss action resulted in swift approval of Mulfords bill. Mulford even added a clause barring anyone but law enforcement from bringing a loaded firearm into the Capitol. Reagan quickly signed the bill. He was quoted as saying Theres no reason why on the street today a citizen should be carrying loaded weapons. The demonstration drew the attention of the FBI. J. Edgar Hoover wanted to be sure black nationalist hate groupswere scrutinized. In 1973, Bobby Seale ran for mayor of Oakland, finishing second to incumbent John Reading. The Black Panthers and their dramatic tactics captured the imagination of young African-Americans, who felt someone was standing up for them in the face of White racism. The racial divide in the United States continued unabated, however. The next five decades saw repeated instances of black-white confrontations, including recent videos of police dealing with Black males that went viral, provoking outrage. The Black Panthers had declined in influence by the early 70s, beset by internal schisms and legal problems. Huey Newton earned a doctorate from the University of California at Santa Cruz and continued to be a voice for angry African-Americans. He fled to Cuba in 1974 and remained there for three years to avoid charges of murder and assault. (He was later acquitted of both charges.) Newton was shot to death on August 22, 1989, in Oakland. Newtons killer, Tyrone Robinson, also an African-American and a member of the Black Guerrilla Family, was convicted of the murder in 1991 and sentenced to 32 years to life in prison. Bobby Seale, now in his early 80s, later became one of the originalChicago Eight defendants charged with conspiracy and inciting a riot in the wake of the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. In 1973, he ran for mayor of Oakland, finishing second to incumbent John Reading. In 2013, the New Black Panther Party for Self Defense was formed in Atlanta. It has no ties to the original Black Panther organization. The Mulford Act is still part of the California Penal Code.

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April 27, 2017   Posted in: Black Panthers  Comments Closed

Why Black Panther Will Be Marvel’s Most Important Movie Yet – Screen Rant

Theres nothing like a well timed press visit to get fans excited for a series of upcoming movies. Earlier this month Marvelhad an open house where members of the press screened footage from Black Panther. If nothing else, the footage as described fits in with the synopsis that Marvel released that the film, directed by Ryan Coogler (Creed), will follow TChalla (Chadwick Boseman) after the events of Captain America: Civil War, as he returnshome totake his recently deceased fathers place as King of Wakanda. There, he will be called upon in both his capacity as King and as Wakandas guardian, Black Panther, to defend the country against an old enemy. Black Pantheristhe arguably the most important Marvel Studiosfilm yet. There have indeed been bigger swings for the franchise The Avengers, Iron Man, and Guardians of the Galaxy all being major gambits but Black Panther has a chance to be truly unique and ground-breaking for a variety of reasons. So far weve seen US-based heroes and their stories, which often have take them around the world (often with devastating effects, as Sokovia can attest). Marvel also has extraterrestrialheroes like Thor, whose problems have spilled over into our world. However,there havent been many Marvel movies to venture into different global cities for the majority of their action. With Black Panther, audiences will get a film set in a fictional nation focused on a solo superhero (rather than team-ups), which offers a wealth of creative opportunities. Guardians of the Galaxy was incredibly successful, in part, because of the specificity of vision and the excitement of a completely different setting from the other Marvel films. Though Black Panther is set onEarth, TChallas country is a new world for audience to get to explore on screen, and will add greatly to the fabric of Cooglersfilm. Marvel is also in a great position to break way from the common Hollywood portrayals and Western stereotypes of Africa a continent that has only made brief appearances in the MCU so far: when the city of Johannesburg got busted by the Hulkin Avengers: Age of Ultron, and when the post-credits scene of Captain America: Civil War offered audiences their first look at Wakanda. Portrayingan African nation that is rich in technology and culture beyond any other country on Earth is not only refreshing from a storytelling standpoint, but could also beimportantin shifting the wayofAfricais thought of by Western audiences. Another intriguing aspect of the footage was a clip of a seemingly flirtatious exchange between two members of the Dora Milaje, Black Panthers all-female team of bodyguards. Unfortunately Marvel quickly tried to defusethe excitement over the footage description, stating that the nature of the relationship between Danai Guriras Okoye and Florence Kasumbas Ayo in Black Panther is not a romantic one. This was disappointing news for many, not leastbecauseKasumbas character is in a lesbian relationship with another member of the Dora Milaje in Ta-nehisi Coates current run of Black Panther comics the main source of inspiration for Cooglers film. One area that mainstream superhero movies have been steadfastly reluctant to addressis sexuality to the detriment of some of the franchises. The X-Men movies, many of which have been helmedby openly gay director Bryan Singer and presented mutants as a symbol for persecuted minority groups, have yet to featurean openly LGBTcharacter (though Deadpool has dropped a few hints). Theres a possibility that Warner Bros. upcoming Gotham City Sirens moviemight feature aHarley Quinn-Poison Ivy relationship, but if Black Panther were to keep Ayos sexuality true to the comics (perhaps by making adjustmentsin reshoots, since principal photography is complete), Marvel could lay claim to giving the world of superhero movies its first explicitly LGBT character. Coogler has already demonstratedin his first two films the ability to tell stories about the complexities in society. Whether its how race is perceived (Fruitvale Station) or masculinity and redemption (Creed), Coogler can unearth rich character arcs regardless of genre. Hell need to do that even more on Black Panther, so that it can be the rare Marvel film that doesnt need to directly adhere to the build up to a bigger movie. Audiences can almost be assured that there will be some connection to the other films, most likely in a post-credits scene, but from what was described by the footage and by the various accounts of why Coogler chose to make the film, hes been given the creative freedom he needs to make Black Panther really special Last but certainly not least, the box office for this film is crucial to a successful Phase 3. Marvel has yet to release a film that didnt turn a profit at the box office, and the studio will definitely want to maintain thattrack record. Black Panther has snagged a smart, strategicrelease date (Feb 16, 2018) right in the middle of Black History Month, but it will also facea challenge from Pacific Rim 2, which opens the following weekend. That said, Marvel famously won the dont-blink contest when Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice moved from its date to avoid direct competition with Captain America: Civil War, demonstrating the studios confidence in the power of the franchise, and Pacific Rim 2 is more likely to be steamrolled than to take the wind out of Black Panthers sails. The success of this movie at the box office will also maybe help strike a death blow against the fault premise that minority-led films dont sell, or that people of color arent bankable. Marvel fans and regular moviegoers alike are already chomping at the bit to see the film; immediately following the characters appearance in Captain America: Civil War and the announcement of a solo film, the hashtag #BlackPantherSoLit popped up and immediately began to trend. Theres big hopes for Black Panther to succeed, and the pressure is now on Marvel to deliver on whatmay be their most important movie yet.

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Black Panther co-creator Bobby Seale speaks at Pierce College – Pierce Pioneer

Co-creator of the Black Panther movement Bobby Seale drew crowds earlier on April 5, recollecting the origins and creation of the Black Panther Party. Executive Officer of Equity Diversity and Inclusion Oneida Blagg arranged for the former Black panther to give historical context to the black power movement. We received word from the institute of student leadership. They told us that he was having a book tour in this area, so we organized a private college event, said Blagg. [Bobby Seale] is a primary source of history. He influenced so much of the 50s and 60s and students should see how this still affects students and teach them how to be leaders. He is an example on how anyone can make a change at any age. Bobby Seale was born in Texas on 1936. His father was a business owner, where he helped his father in the shop. My father built our first home. He was a builder, Seale said. After the war, Seales family moved to Oakland, CA, the birthplace of the Black Panthers. During 1958-59, Seale enlisted into the Air Force and deployed in the Lakota region. They are not Sioux, they are Lakota. That is their true name. I learned a lot about Native culture, but I didnt know that much about African American culture. After the Air force, Seale went to a community college then he started working at the Gemini missile program. It was there that Seale found his passion in the grassroots movement. I quit my job at a missile program. It was there that I started this youth tutorial program. We paid minimum wage for young people to re-educate themselves, Seale said. Seale started many projects to help alleviate the struggles for oppressed people. When I was working at human resources in Oakland, CA. I was trying to get those political seats. Those seats and those votes would help give representation for our community. He was helping kids learn trades, building things, and gain skills for employment. It wasnt until a book on black power did his ideas on racial equity come into fruition. I had learned a lot about Lakota culture, now Im learning about African American culture, Hispanic culture. I learned that we were not going to get power unless we got those political seats, said Seale. It was until the Watts riots when the Black Panther Party coalition began to form. After the Watts riot in 1965, where thousands of people were arrested and dozens killed, people were locked up and it hurt their first amendment rights. At the end of 1965, Bobby Seale and Huey P. Lewis created the black panther movement. We sat down one night and drew up ten rules, we researched the constitution and the laws on carrying arms, then we started patrolling the police officers, said Seale. It was so well researched, articulate, and disciplined. The Black Panther Party was an entirely new organization of that time. We were very neat, ironed our uniforms. We werent no blippie, or black hippie. The party began a free breakfast program, free check-ups for sickle-cell anemia, and gave away 10,000 bags of groceries. The party especially motivated people to register to vote. Voting rights were threatened, they are still being threatened. My goal was to put people in the electoral machine and to get candidates who advocated our needs. Then in 1969, the party encountered media controversy. We were called the KKK of the black community, said Seale. Regarding the beginning of the FBI investigation and subsequent shoot out, Seale explained how people viewed the Black Panther Party They said Shot and murdered from fascists. Be a peaceful protestor and they call you a terrorist. Now that people have a clearer understanding of the Civil Rights movement, Bobby Seale and other students hope to remove the stigma of the Black Panther Party. One Pierce college student and Social Justice leader Joey Adams asked Seale, the media painted you as vigilantes, getting attention. Now we know about the FBI, what kept you going against combatting that? Seales response seemed reminiscent and a little remorseful, young folks flooded my organization after Martin Luther King Jr. was killed, so the party grew the Black Panther Party. Then Nixon talked with the FBI and we realized hes going to attack us. FBI started a day long shootout with us. We had to survive and we did. We lost a lot of our lives, but we stood our ground.

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LIVE STREAM: Black Panthers Derby in EFL; France’s Thonon-les-bains hosts Prague – American Football International

It will be the battle of the Cats as Frances Thonon les Bains Black Panthers take on the Prague Black Panthers from the Stade Joseph Moynat in Thonon-les-Bains, France Saturday, Arpil 22 in the firstEuropean Football League Group B game of the season. In the first game of EFL play in Group A last weekend, the Milano Rhinos from Italy downed Frances Nice Dauphins 28-21. Thonon enters the game leading the French league with a 6-1 record and the top offense having scored 314 points in seven games. Prague is undefeated in the Czech league with a 3-0 record and is averaging 48 points a game. Prague quarterback Jan Dundek is a veteran of both Czech league and Austrian league games and is also the signal caller for the Czech national team and a key to the offense. Thonon relies heavily on the ground game with running backAnreas Betza,who leads the French league in rushing with 1,101 yards and 18 touchdowns. His teammate Vincent Begou is fifth in France while Stephen Yepmo is not far behind. Thonon will face the Berlin Adler on May 6 in another Group B game while Prague takes on Berlin May 21. The winner of Group A will play the winner of Group B June 11 for the EFL championship. Mc Donalds Anthy European Football League Game by blackpanthers-football

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Fairfield Museum After Dark: The Black Panthers from National to Local – Fairfield Sun

The public is invited to visit the Museum After Dark on Thursday, May 4, at 6 p.m., for a presentation about the legacy of the Black Panther party. The Fairfield Museum will host Dr. Yohuru Williams of Fairfield University and special guest Craig Kelly, former president of the NAACP in Bridgeport and member of the Black Panther party in New York. A reception will be held at 6 p.m. and the featured event will start at 6:45. This program is held in conjunction with the Museums newest exhibition, Talkin Bout My Generation: Fairfield in the 1960s and 1970s. Dr. Yohuru Williams Dr. Williams will lead a presentation on the Black Panther party, providing a broad analysis of the Party and its legacy. He will provide examples of the local chapters, including Connecticut, New England and New York City, and how the party chapters related to national scene, but also reflected their own community. Learn how New Haven became a pivotal point in the challenges between the different perspectives, from political nuances to militant philosophy. Described in Diverse Issues in Higher Education as one of the most exciting scholars of his generation, Dr. Williams is the History Department Chair and the Director of Black Studies at Fairfield University in Fairfield, CT. He is the author of Black Politics/White Power: Civil Rights, Black Power, the Black Panthers in New Haven and editor of Liberated Territory: Untold Local Perspectives on the Black Panther Party. He is also Chief Historian for the Jackie Robinson Foundation and Museum in New York, NY. He received his Ph.D. from Howard University in 1998. Following the presentation, Dr. Williams will lead a discussion with guest Craig Kelly, former president of the NAACP in Bridgeport and member of the Black Panther Party in New York. Kelly, a lifelong resident of the Bridgeport, received a masters degree in counseling from the University of Bridgeport. He has provided counseling services for the Inner City Violence Prevention Association, Inc., families of African American firefighters who died on 9/11, South African AIDS victims, and the Katrina Assistance Project. He retired from the Bridgeport Fire Department as a Lieutenant in 2004 and served as president of the Greater Bridgeport NAACP from 2007-2009. He is a member of Mt. Aery Baptist Church in Bridgeport. The reception and presentation are for members, with a $5 suggested donation for nonmembers. For more information or to learn about the new exhibition visit Fairfieldhistory.org. Talkin Bout My Generation: Fairfield in the 1960s & 1970s runs through Sept. 17. The Fairfield Museum is located at 370 Beach Road in Fairfield. For more information or to register for programs visit Fairfieldhistory.org or call 203-259-1598. The Museum and Museum Shop are open 10-4, daily. Admission is free for members and children ages 5 and under; $5 for adults; $3 for seniors/students.

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Black Panther Footage Reveals the Ferocious Female Warriors of Wakanda – Vanity Fair

Update 7:35 E.T.: A Marvel representative reached out to say that the nature of the relationship between Danai Guriras Okoye and Florence Kasumbas Ayo in Black Panther is not a romantic one and that specific love storyline from the comic World of Wakanda was not used as a source. The original article continues below. Whether or not he had the approval of Disney when he did so, Beauty and the Beast director Bill Condon caused quite a stir in the April issue of Attitudeboth of hopeful expectations and of conservative pushbackwhen he touted Josh Gads character LeFou and his exclusively gay moment.Though Condon surely had his heart in the right place, the phrase overpromised on what the film ultimately underdelivered: the moment comes when LeFou ends the movie by dancing, briefly with a man. O.K. However, early footage of Marvels upcoming Black Panther screened for journalists Monday night movie promises much more. The scene in question features Walking Dead star Danai Gurira dancing on a boat with her fellow Dora Milaje, i.e., Black Panthers personal female bodyguards. These womenfirst introduced to moviegoers in Captain America: Civil War are the warriors who watch over Chadwick Bosemans royal family. In Civil War, Uganda-born actress Florence Kasumba made an instant impression on audiences as one member of the select group when she curtly ordered Scarlett Johanssons Black Widow to move aside for TChalla. In the rough cut of this Black Panther scene, we see Guriras Okoye and Kasumbas Ayo swaying rhythmically back in formation with the rest of their team. Okoye eyes Ayo flirtatiously for a long time as the camera pans in on them. Eventually, she says, appreciatively and appraisingly, You look good. Ayo responds in kind. Okoye grins and replies, I know. This quick moment between two warrior women on their way to TChallas coronation leans into a current very popular run of the Black Panther comic. A 2016 spin-off called World of Wakanda by Ta-Nehisi Coates, Roxane Gay, and Yona Harvey is all about the relationship between two members of the Dora Milaje. The official description: A Wakandan love storyits tenderness matched only by its brutality. You know them now as The Midnight Angels, but in this story they are just Ayo and Aneka, young women recruited to become Dora Milaje, an elite task force trained to protect the crown at all costs. What happens when your nation needs your hearts and minds, but you already gave them to each other? Other footage from the film screened early for reporters centers more closely on TChalla, including scenes of a traditional and elaborate Wakandan ceremony, and a shoot-out in a South Korea casino featuring Andy Serkiss Claw and Martin Freemans Everett K. Ross. For fans of Lupita Nyongo, there was also a pair of scenes showing her character dancing (she gets her own boat) and taking out several armed guards. The costumes in Black Pantherespecially the ones worn by the Dora Milajeare truly dazzling, with a lot of bright colors and elaborate patterns. Angela Bassett, as TChallas mother and Queen of Wakanda, sports a jaw-dropping coiffure of snow-white dreadlocks. According to the production team, director Ryan Coogler was interested in giving Black Pantherthe star of which debuted in Civil Waran updated look that was more faithful to the current run of comics. And though Marvel didnt screen any footage of Michael B. Jordan in costumehes playing villainous Erik Killmongerconcept art tacked to the Marvel office walls revealed a fearsome mask compete with horns and mane. In other words: even if Marvel and superhero fatigue is setting in, rest assured that Black Panther isnt going to look like anything youve seen from them before. PreviousNext Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus. Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus. Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus. Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus. Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus. Left, courtesy of Clint Ramos; Right, courtesy of Joan Marcus.

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April 20, 2017   Posted in: Black Panthers  Comments Closed

Milwaukee Black Panthers protest Common Council meeting – WISN Milwaukee

MILWAUKEE The Milwaukee Black Panthers arrived at the Milwaukee Common Council meeting Tuesday morning,calling for elected officials to step down. The Black Panthers held signs which read, “recall” and called for Mayor Tom Barrett and Common Council President Ashanti Hamilton to resign. “This is a political process. Any one of them could have run for office,” Hamilton said. “This is a huge district and we’re trying to tackle some major issues. I really can’t get distracted by the catcalling and some of the stuff on the sidelines.” The Black Panthers are fighting what they call, “hyper-segregation” and mass incarceration in the black community. Their leader, King Rick, said the Common Council is not doing enough to help. Mayor Barrett’s office declined to comment. WEBVTT EXPLAINS THEY’REARE HOPING TO FORCE ELECTEDOFFICIALS — > > THEY STOOD SILENTLY WITHSIGNS THAT DEMANDED THE MAYORAND THE COUNCIL PRESIDENTRESIGN.THEY ARE FIGHTING WITH THE CALLHYPER SEGREGATION.THE PRESIDENT SAYS THAT, IF THEBLACK PANTHERS WANT TO HELP,THEY SHOULD.> > IT IS A POLITICAL PROCESS ANDTHEY COULD RUN FOR OFFICE.THIS IS A HUGE DISTRICT THAT ISTRYING TO TACKLE SOME ISSUES.I CANNOT GET DISTRACTED BY SOMEOF THE CAT CALLING AND SOME OFTHE STUFF ON THE SIDELINES.> > WE REACHED OUT TO THE CHIEF

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St. Peter’s Basilica Meets the Black Panthers in a Contemporary Altarpiece – Hyperallergic

Hammer Projects: Kevin Beasley, installation view, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (all photos by Brian Forrest) LOS ANGELES The Vault Gallery at the UCLAs Hammer Museum is named after the classic arched architecture that informs the shape and structure of many houses of worship. The installation Hammer Projects: Kevin Beasley currently occupies the aforementioned hall, and the atmosphere is appropriately hushed. A thick black curtain encased in an exoskeleton made of knotted do-rags is suspended heavily from the high ceiling, tempering and softening the noise from the museums open courtyard. The room is darkened. Eyes take a moment to adjust. Visitors whisper. After padding softly around the curtain, the viewer is confronted by an altar that has been carefully arranged and spotlit in the apse. A single wicker peacock chair, raised slightly off the floor on a platform strewn with clothing, is centered on a diamond-patterned rug and flanked by a number of floating housedresses shellacked phantoms with invisible bodies. Headless hoods face the audience. A pair of sweatpants halfheartedly hovers. A thin, molded figure clutching a black and red shield sits by each armrest. A flaming scarlet and gold sunburst hangs above and behind the throne, feathers dispersed across its shiny surface, a grate placed over its rectangular frame. More veils in florals and paisleys encircle the altarpiece. The mournful surroundings suggest that these garments are widows weeds. All the fabric ghosts seem to be covered in a liquid sheen. Beasley often utilizes a concoction of polyurethane foam and resin to give three-dimensionality to materials that have less structural integrity. Though not cast in luxurious metals, his figures are prepared to weather the storm. For this installation, Beasley lifted inspiration from two sources: the 17th-century Baroque altarpiece designed by sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini at the St. Peters Basilica in Rome and a photographic portrait of the Black Panther Party co-founder Huey P. Newton sitting in a rattan peacock chair. The relic of Saint Peters wooden chair is enclosed in an ornate bronze sculpture at the center of the altarpiece, supported by four saints whose robes swish and drape dramatically. The ceiling apse is outfitted in gilded stucco, and the opulent materials used reflect the spare-no-costs attitude of the Vatican: colorful marbles, stained glass, gilded bronze. Berninis lavish dcor symbolically reflects the power and endurance of the Church. The portrait of Newton, created centuries later, shows the man straight-backed on his throne, which sits upon a zebra skin, clutching both a spear and an automatic weapon. As art historian Jo-Ann Morgan notes, the mis-en-scne also flirts with mythology of the nonwest tinsel town meets National Geographic. The photograph has been reproduced and circulated widely since the late 1960s, and has become an image that reflects the authority and legitimacy of the Black Panther Party. The composition of Newtons portrait is rooted in Western visual tradition but instantiates power through a fantastical staging that complicates what is expected through its deliberate presentation. Beasley inquires, What does it mean to replace Berninis chair of Saint Peter with the chair of Huey P. Newton? With this installation, he challenged himself to reconsider the role of power through this exchange. His work often deals with the intersection of materiality and sound, and sounds ubiquity (both its presence and non-presence) helps shape the experience of moving through a space. At the Hammer, the space feels sublime and sacred in its grandiose silence. Hammer Projects: Kevin Beasley continues at Hammer Museum, UCLA (10899 Wilshire Blvd.), through April 23.

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The Black Panther Party 50 years later – The Commonwealth Times

Students and community members had their fists raised last night at a panel event hosted by the VCU African-American Studies Department that explored the lessons and legacies of the Black Panther Party. The event was held in celebration of the Black Panther Partys 50th anniversary. Three former Panthers Sekou Odinga, Jihad Abdulmumit and Pamela Hannah were invited to speak about their experiences to a packed venue at The Depot on Broad St. A common misunderstanding is that the Black Panther Party was nothing more than a violent, terrorist group, full of criminals and sociopolitical outcasts, said Abdulmumit, a former BPP member and current Richmond resident who now works in a local health clinic and is active with VCUs Muslim Student Association. Young people are the the future, Odinga said. What I would like people to take away from this, here tonight, is to go out and organize groups and to stand up for what they believe in. Student and event attendee, Asia McCall, said as a black muslim-American she worries about standing up and fighting for what she believes in. To me its so important to be here today and hear their stories, McCall said. The color of my skin has an embedded history of social demonstrations that changed the world around me. But my contribution to this social movement that is so desperately needed in light of the new presidency and Black Lives Matter to me is still grey. The Black Panther Party was founded in 1966 in Oakland, California by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. The party began as a community service organization focused on protecting and promoting the civil rights of oppressed citizens. Dressed in black and open carrying weapons, the Black Panthers of Defense quickly became a divisive entity in California. The movement spread to New York, where Sekou Odinga was a founding member of the east coast chapter. Odingas legacy and contribution to the Black Panthers attracted many of the public who attended the event which quickly reached capacity and organizers had to begin turning away attendees. Odinga told the crowd that the fight for social change is always on-going and he remembers the moment where he knew he had to go into underground work as part of the Black Liberation Movement. On Jan. 17, 1969, Odingas influence as a Black Panther member grew when a rival black nationalist group killed two Panthers from California Alprentis Bunchy Carter and John Huggins. A Panther from Odingas New York chapter was in police custody and had been beaten brutally; the police were actively searching for Odinga in connection to a police shooting. That was probably the most terrifying and emotional experience I have had as a Black Panther, Odinga said. Odinga ultimately was arrested on six counts of attempted murder. He was convicted in 1984 and sentenced to a consecutive 25 years to life state sentence and a 40 year federal sentence. Odinga was released from prison on Nov. 25, 2014. He now runs the Jericho Movement which focuses on the rights of political prisoners in the United States some of whom have been in jail since the height of movements in the 1960s and 1970s. Hannah said the total amount of time the remaining incarcerated members of the party are serving totals around 800 years. Many of these people, they arent going to live out their sentence, Hannah said. They will die before they can do that. Hannah also commented on the similarities between her native city of Harlem and Richmond, Va. I was driving around the city today and it looks like gentrification, Hannah said to the crowd. The conditions that brought myself to the BPP in 1969 still exist today. During her portion of the panel, Hannah emphasized the importance of young people looking critically into and at their communities. (Political organization) doesnt have to be real complicated, this isnt a fancy community, Hannah said. Know your resources, focus on your resources and in the meantime instead of saving the world start with saving your community save each other. Abdulmumit, the third panelist, began his speech by detailing an incident that led him to join the Panthers. My father, my brother, and I were stopped on our way home by police officers, Abdulmumit said. The police pointed guns at the heads of my father and brother. His father and brother were released without charges and no explanation, and Abdulmumit went on to co-found a Black Panther Party chapter in his New Jersey hometown. He is no longer able to reside there due to a robbery conviction, however. For Abdulmumit, the robbery he was convicted for, much like the creation of the Black Panther for Self Defense, was crucial to the development and flourishing of the Black Panther Movement, the black power movement and for furthering civil rights. Here we are 40 years later, and people may look at me as a criminal bank robber. But I never kept that money; I put it directly back into the work, for our community, Abdulmumit told Richmond Magazine. Meanwhile, a group identified as ASH Antifa Seven Hills Antifascists Seven Hills on Facebook shared a widely-circulated post stating the VCU Police Department were outside stopping attendees who wished to enter the overcapacity event. As this was happening, a young person from outside tried to walk past a cop, calmly, and he was nearly thrown to the ground, whipped around, reads ASH Antifa Facebook post. Ive seen (the VCU PD) be more aggressive and physically violent more often than RPD, and thats no f***ing compliment. They are the enforcement arm of VCUs colonization of Richmond. According to VCU PD public information officer Corey Byers, the person mentioned in the post was not a VCU student and students were not being allowed in the venue because the crowd was over-capacity, as designated by the fire marshall, and event organizers asked for assistance. Despite several communications from event organizers to those outside that no one else could be admitted, one person ran past an officer and entered the building, Byers wrote in an email. (The person) was briefly detained and escorted out of The Depot. The man was not arrested and no charges are pending. He was not a VCU student. Byers said the VCU PD reviewed the incident this morning, and Police Chief John Venuti believes officers at the event should have communicated more clearly with guests outside to explain why no one was being admitted into the building even after other participants left the event. Richmond Struggle, a local activist group, gathered in the VCU compass on Wednesday evening to protest not only the police interaction on Tuesday evening, but to raise awareness of police overreach in day-to-day interactions. Were here to protest VCU PD in general, said Foster McClain, a member of Richmond Struggle, With its policies of racial profiling and generally serving as the shock troops for VCUs gentrification plan for Richmond. Richmond Struggle said they plan on hosting similar events. Keyris Manzanares, Contributing Writer Siona Peterous, Spectrum Editor

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Fair Use Disclaimer

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."

Under the 'fair use' rule of copyright law, an author may make limited use of another author's work without asking permission. Fair use is based on the belief that the public is entitled to freely use portions of copyrighted materials for purposes of commentary and criticism. The fair use privilege is perhaps the most significant limitation on a copyright owner's exclusive rights.

Fair use as described at 17 U.S.C. Section 107:

"Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phono-records or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include:

  • (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for or nonprofit educational purposes,
  • (2) the nature of the copyrighted work,
  • (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole, and
  • (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work."