Archive for the ‘Gaza’ Category

The Hidden Reality of Life in Gaza – YouTube

Israel’s Iron Fist (2009): A candid look at life in the Gaza Strip.

For similar stories, see: The Phone Call That Shocked Israel to its Corehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Da4p-…The Human Impact Of Gaza’s Blockadeshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJjzE…These Israeli Settlers Are Refusing To Leave Gazahttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2weDZ…

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The threat of death for Israeli Jews and Muslim Palestinians is worse than ever. Whilst international media was refused entry into Gaza last month, local, Rayeed Al Atamna, shows us the hidden reality.

In 2006 an Israeli tank destroyed Rayeed’s home and killed ten of his family. He and his family fled to Tel el-Hawa. “I didn’t expect Israeli tanks would reach it. But sadly they did and once again they had to run. We carried our children and walked carrying a white flag. Our lives were in grave danger. Luckily the family was safe this time but their home was not. I’m walking on my ruined house, I dont recognise it.”

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The Hidden Reality of Life in Gaza – YouTube

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August 13, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

Gulf widening between US, world over Gaza – CNNPolitics

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directly to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. “},{“title”:”Spokesman: Deliberate violence in Gaza”,”duration”:”07:22″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”https://www.cnn.com/”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2018/03/31/israel-palestine-protests-david-keyes-intv-sot-nr.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2018/03/31/israel-palestine-protests-david-keyes-intv-sot-nr.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180331182125-david-keyes-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2018/03/31/israel-palestine-protests-david-keyes-intv-sot-nr.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”Israel government spokesman David Keyes tells CNN’s Ryan Nobles the protests near Gaza’s border where 17 Palestinians were killed by Israeli forces were “the farthest thing from a protest,” but rather “acts of deliberate violence.””,”descriptionText”:”Israel government spokesman David Keyes tells CNN’s Ryan Nobles the protests near Gaza’s border where 17 Palestinians were killed by Israeli forces were “the farthest thing from a protest,” but rather “acts of deliberate violence.””},{“title”:”Refugee camp island of isolation in Jerusalem”,”duration”:”02:00″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”http://www.cnn.com/”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2018/01/02/jerusalem-palestine-shuafat-refugee-camp-liebermann-pkg.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2018/01/02/jerusalem-palestine-shuafat-refugee-camp-liebermann-pkg.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180102160939-jerusalem-palestine-shuafat-refugee-camp-liebermann-pkg-00010911-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2018/01/02/jerusalem-palestine-shuafat-refugee-camp-liebermann-pkg.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”CNN’s Oren Liebermann tours the Shuafat Palestinian refugee camp in Jerusalem, an area that’s filled with garbage, has limited public services, and feels a world away from the holy sites the city is known for.”,”descriptionText”:”CNN’s Oren Liebermann tours the Shuafat Palestinian refugee camp in Jerusalem, an area that’s filled with garbage, has limited public services, and feels a world away from the holy sites the city is known for.”},{“title”:”Trump: Good chance for Middle East peace”,”duration”:”02:36″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”http://www.cnn.com/”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2017/09/18/trump-netanyahu-sideline-meeting-sot-wolf.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2017/09/18/trump-netanyahu-sideline-meeting-sot-wolf.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170918131515-trump-netanyahu-meeting-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2017/09/18/trump-netanyahu-sideline-meeting-sot-wolf.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”President Trump says there is a good chance for peace between Israel and Palestine while meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly.”,”descriptionText”:”President Trump says there is a good chance for peace between Israel and Palestine while meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly.”},{“title”:”How the Six Day War reshaped the Middle East”,”duration”:”03:21″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”http://edition.cnn.com”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2017/06/05/six-days-war-50th-anniversary-israel-palestine-liebermann-pkg.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2017/06/05/six-days-war-50th-anniversary-israel-palestine-liebermann-pkg.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170220103636-jerusalem-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2017/06/05/six-days-war-50th-anniversary-israel-palestine-liebermann-pkg.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”CNN’s u003ca href=”http://www.cnn.com/profiles/oren-liebermann”>Oren Liebermannu003c/a> talks to both Israeli and Palestinian residents to hear their stories from the war that changed the Middle East.”,”descriptionText”:”CNN’s u003ca href=”http://www.cnn.com/profiles/oren-liebermann”>Oren Liebermannu003c/a> talks to both Israeli and Palestinian residents to hear their stories from the war that changed the Middle East.”},{“title”:”Israel-Palestine Conflict: Grief of a mother “,”duration”:”02:52″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:””,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/bestoftv/2014/07/12/exp-ctw-grief-of-a-palestinian-mother.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”bestoftv/2014/07/12/exp-ctw-grief-of-a-palestinian-mother.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140712102108-exp-ctw-grief-of-a-palestinian-mother-00010203-story-top.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/bestoftv/2014/07/12/exp-ctw-grief-of-a-palestinian-mother.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”CNN’s Becky Anderson sits down with the mother of Mohammed Abu Khdeir, the Palestinian boy who was brutally murdered.”,”descriptionText”:”CNN’s Becky Anderson sits down with the mother of Mohammed Abu Khdeir, the Palestinian boy who was brutally murdered.”},{“title”:”Police: Bus explosion ‘no doubt’ was an attack”,”duration”:”01:09″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”http://www.cnn.com/shows/situation-room”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion-liebermann-dnt-tsr.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion-liebermann-dnt-tsr.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160418131912-09-jerusalem-bus-explosion-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion-liebermann-dnt-tsr.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”A Monday bus blast in Jerusalem that injured at least 21 people was a deliberate attack, according to Israeli police officials. 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CNN’s u003ca href=”http://www.cnn.com/profiles/oren-liebermann” target=”_blank”>Oren Liebermannu003c/a> reports.”},{“title”:”Israeli police confirm explosive device in bus fire”,”duration”:”03:05″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”http://www.cnn.com/world”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2016/04/18/israeli-police-confirm-device-in-bus-fire-liebermann.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2016/04/18/israeli-police-confirm-device-in-bus-fire-liebermann.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160418132549-israeli-police-confirm-device-in-bus-fire-liebermann-00001307-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2016/04/18/israeli-police-confirm-device-in-bus-fire-liebermann.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”Police confirm an explosive device went off in a bus attack in Jerusalem. CNN’s Oren Liebermann reports.”,”descriptionText”:”Police confirm an explosive device went off in a bus attack in Jerusalem. CNN’s Oren Liebermann reports.”},{“title”:”Bus catches fire in Jerusalem”,”duration”:”01:04″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”www.cnn.com”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160418114343-jerusalem-bus-explosion-00005513-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”A fire on a bus in Jerusalem has injured at least 15 people, following reports of an explosion, according to Israel police spokesperson Micky Rosenfeld.”,”descriptionText”:”A fire on a bus in Jerusalem has injured at least 15 people, following reports of an explosion, according to Israel police spokesperson Micky Rosenfeld.”}],’js-video_headline-featured-1lwvtlv’,”,”js-video_source-featured-1lwvtlv”,true,true,’israeli-palestinian-conflict’);if (typeof configObj.context !== ‘string’ || configObj.context.length

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Gulf widening between US, world over Gaza – CNNPolitics

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Hamas says Gaza ceasefire reached following intense …

The IDF said it counted more than 100 launches from Gaza, and it responded with more than 60 airstrikes on targets in the enclave.

Al Hayya said in a statement early Wednesday that there had been considerable mediation efforts — an apparent reference to Egyptian-led talks — resulting in “a consensus to return to the ceasefire understandings of the Gaza Strip.”

“The resistance factions are committed [to the ceasefire], as long as the Occupation does the same,” added Al Hayya, using the militant groups’ term for Israel.

Israel’s Intelligence Minister Israel Katz dismissed suggestions of an agreement. “There is no ceasefire,” he told Israeli radio Wednesday morning, adding, “there is a clear Israeli policy not to allow shooting, attacks and violence against Israeli citizens.”

IDF spokesman Lt. Col Jonathan Conricus told CNN the Israeli military was not aware of any kind of ceasefire either, but added that “quiet will most likely be met with quiet.”

If militants relaunch attacks on Israel, he said, “terror will be met with a very strong response.”

There have been no reports of launches or strikes from either side since 5 a.m. local on Wednesday, suggesting a de facto ceasefire had taken hold even if there was no formal agreement.

UN Security Council to hold emergency meeting

By Wednesday, the IDF said it had launched more than 60 airstrikes targeting the militant groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad. In its final sortie, in the early hours of Wednesday, the IDF said it took aim at “sheds of drones used for terror purposes, a rocket manufacturing workshop, advanced naval weaponry, military compounds, training facilities and a munitions manufacturing site.”

The IDF said more than 100 mortars and rockets had been fired out of Gaza during the course of Tuesday, all of them either intercepted by the Iron Dome aerial defense system, or landing in Israel. One mortar hit a kindergarten yard just an hour before it was due to open for the day.

Israel said three of its soldiers were injured, two lightly and a third moderately, in the militant fire.

Hamas and Islamic Jihad claimed joint responsibility for the attacks.

In a statement issued by the militant groups’ armed wings, the Al-Qassam Brigades and the Al-Quds Brigades respectively, the two groups blamed Israel for starting the latest round of aggression and said they had cooperated in launching the attacks because Israel’s “crimes could not be tolerated in any way.”

The IDF’s Conricus told CNN Israel was adamant it had not instigated the latest round of violence. “We are not the ones who fired on Gaza first,” he said.

An emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council, called by the United States, was expected to take place Wednesday to “discuss the latest attacks on Israel out of the Gaza Strip by Hamas and other militants,” said the US Mission to the UN in a statement.

“The recent attacks out of Gaza are the largest we have seen since 2014. Mortars fired by Palestinian militants hit civilian infrastructure, including a kindergarten. The Security Council should be outraged and respond to this latest bout of violence directed at innocent Israeli civilians, and the Palestinian leadership needs to be held accountable for what they’re allowing to happen in Gaza,” US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley said, according to the statement.

There were no reports of any fatalities or injuries arising from Israel’s airstrikes from either the Palestinian Ministry of Health or from the militant groups themselves.

Israel and the United States consider Hamas a terrorist organization.

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Israel defends Gaza crackdown as Palestinians bury their …

Funerals took place across Gaza on Tuesday, a day after Israeli troops fired on Palestinians gathered at the border to protest the controversial relocation of the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The Palestinian Health Ministry said 60 people were killed on Monday and another two died in clashes on Tuesday.

United Nations Secretary-General Antnio Guterres was “profoundly alarmed” by Israel’s actions on Monday, a spokesman said. The British government called for an independent inquiry, expressing concern about the volume of live fire used by Israeli forces.

But the United States expressed strong backing for Israel, blaming the deaths on Hamas, the Islamist group that controls Gaza and which encouraged the protests. “Make no mistake, Hamas is pleased with the results from yesterday,” said Nikki Haley, the US ambassador to the United Nations.

“I ask my colleagues here in the Security Council, who among us would accept this type of activity on your border?” Haley said at a UN Security Council meeting on Tuesday. She praised Israel for its “restraint” and accused Hamas of stoking violence “long before” the controversial decision to move the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

The crackdown on protests in Gaza took place as 50 miles away in Jerusalem, a glossy ceremony marked the relocation of the US Embassy from Tel Aviv.

Most of the dead were killed by Israeli fire, after troops used tear gas and live rounds to try to disperse several crowds, totaling about 35,000, as Palestinians gathered at the border.

More than 2,700 Palestinians suffered injuries in the clashes, nearly half of them due to live fire, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry, which said Monday was the deadliest day in Gaza since the 2014 war.

In separate phone calls Tuesday night, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu emphasized Israel’s right to defend its sovereignty in response to concerns expressed by the leaders of France and Germany.

“Israel will protect its security interests,” Netanyahu told French President Emmanuel Macron on Tuesday, according to a readout of the statement from the Israeli Prime Minister’s Office. “No country is prepared to allow threats against its sovereignty.”

Disputes over tenor of protests

The Israeli Defence Forces, or IDF, said protesters were trying to storm the border fence between Israel and Gaza. It accused Hamas of “leading a terrorist operation” and inciting the protesters to conduct what Israel described as terror attacks.

The IDF said some protesters threw rocks and Molotov cocktails, and burned tires. It also said it foiled an attack by three armed Palestinians near Rafah, close to the border with Egypt, during “a particularly violent demonstration.”

Netanyahu said in Monday’s confrontations, “The determined action of the IDF and the security forces prevented a breach into Israel’s borders.”

Palestinian leaders said the protests were peaceful and the use of force was wholly disproportionate to the threat.

“What we see in Palestine is like the rise of new Intifada, a new popular uprising that is peaceful and nonviolent, but faced with the very criminal attitude of the Israeli army which is using all kinds of lethal weapons against peaceful demonstrators,” the head of the Palestinian National Initiative and Palestinian parliamentary member, Mustafa Barghouti, told CNN.

The former head of the Hamas Political Bureau, Khaled Meshaal, called for Arab and international solidarity.

“Our people, who are [rising] up in Gaza and the West Bank, call on our Arab and Islamic nation, its people, its leaders, scientists and friends in the world to stand with us at this historic moment,” he said in a statement on Tuesday.

Funerals across Gaza

Among the dead were eight children, including 8-month-old Laila Anwar Ghandour. At her funeral, her mother and father cradled her body, wrapped in a white shroud, before her father walked to the graveyard to bury her. Relatives said Laila was sitting in her mother’s lap when the infant inhaled tear gas.

“They were sitting on the side. (Israeli troops) fired tear gas haphazardly. The baby girl couldn’t take it and she died,” said the girl’s father, Anwar Ghandour.

“We’re nearly done with our lives, but these poor kids have their whole lives ahead of them. What have they done wrong?” said Um Khalid al Ashram, a middle-aged Palestinian woman who was near the funeral procession.

The funerals came on a day Palestinians call “The Catastrophe” or “Nakba,” in memory of the more than 700,000 Palestinians who were driven from or left their homes during the 1948-1949 Arab-Israeli war.

Shops in Gaza were closed and people could be heard talking about the dead. Images of the dead and short eulogies flooded Palestinian social media. CNN journalists on the ground said it appeared that nearly every neighborhood in Gaza had lost someone in Monday’s demonstrations.

An amputee named Fadi Abu Salameh, also known as Fadi Abu Salah, was killed near the border fence in Khan Younis on Monday, the Palestinian Health Ministry told CNN.

Fadi, who was 28, lost both his legs in 2008, his brother Hani said on Tuesday. “He does not pose a threat to himself, no less others,” Hani said. “How could he be targeted? His blood falls squarely on the shoulders of the Israelis.” Photographs of Fadi in his wheelchair circulated on social media as news of his death spread.

At the protest encampments that dot Gaza’s border with Israel, the numbers of demonstrators dwindled. Mosques and political factions that called on Palestinians to take to the border over the weekend were largely quiet on Tuesday.

Demonstrators also appeared skeptical that protests would continue. Several said they felt abandoned by political parties and protest organizers.

“It’s enough death. Those who died, it’s enough,” said Mahmoud Yasser Mohammed, a demonstrator who stayed at the camps overnight.

“All the youth are just coming down to take selfies. There is no point. We cut the fence and opened the way and everyone was too scared to cross and the Israelis started firing on us,” said another demonstrator, Sayed Abu Nada.

While Tuesday’s protests in Gaza were more subdued than Monday, hundreds of Palestinians rallied to mark the Nakba in cities across the West Bank.

In Bethlehem, some 240 Palestinians marched toward an Israeli outpost when Israeli military and border police fired tear gas and rubber-coated bullets to disperse the crowd. Some youth threw stones at Israeli troops as clashes continued.

Clashes were also reported in Al Bireh, north of Ramallah.

International reaction

Condemnation poured in from around the world over Israel’s use of force. In London, Alistair Burt, the British government minister with responsibility for the Middle East, said the UK was working “urgently” with the UN to establish an independent investigation.

“The United Kingdom has been clear in calling for, urgently, a need to establish the facts of what happened, including why such a volume of live fire was used. We are supportive of an independent, transparent investigation,” Burt told the House of Commons.

In his Tuesday night phone call with Netanyahu, the French President also condemned the violence of Israeli forces against protesters and stressed “the importance of protecting the civilian population and the right to demonstrate peacefully,” an lyse Palace source in France said.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel also expressed concerns about the escalation of violence, her spokesman said. She said she understands “the security concerns of Israel,” according to her spokesman, but she added that “the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly should not be abused to provoke unrest.”

In a phone call with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan “condemned the attacks and wished Allah’s mercy to all martyrs,” according to the state-run Anadolu news agency. Turkey recalled its ambassadors to Washington and Tel Aviv for consultations, Anadolu reported.

At the United Nations, the deputy spokesman for Guterres, the secretary-general, said he urged Israeli forces to “exercise maximum restraint in the use of live fire.”

The United States blocked a UN resolution condemning Israel, a UN diplomat told CNN. The draft statement, seen by CNN, included language expressing “outrage and sorrow at the killing of Palestinian civilians exercising their right to peaceful protest.”

It also reaffirmed UN resolutions on the status of Jerusalem, saying that recent events had “no legal effect” under international law. The statement was withdrawn once the United States indicated that it would block it, a UN diplomat said.

Ian Lee, Salma Abdelaziz and Ibrahim Dahman reported from Gaza, and Abeer Salman reported from Jerusalem. Kareem Khadder reported from Ramallah. Tamara Qiblawi wrote from Beirut. Richard Roth contributed to this report from the UN in New York. CNN’s Natalie Gallon, James Griffiths, Sarah El Sirgany and Samantha Beech contributed reporting.

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Gaza – definition of Gaza by The Free Dictionary

.

A city of southwest Asia in the Gaza Strip, a narrow coastal area along the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Israel and Egypt. The territory was part of the British mandate for Palestine (1920-1948), passed to Egypt in 1949, and was occupied by Israel in 1967. Palestinian autonomy was promised in the 1979 Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty, and limited autonomy was granted in a 1993 Israeli-Palestinian accord. The city of Gaza was one of the five major Philistine city-kingdoms.

(Placename) a city in the Gaza Strip: a Philistine city in biblical times. It was under Egyptian administration from 1949 until occupied by Israel (1967). Pop: 787 000 (2005 est). Arabic name: Ghazzah

n.

a seaport on the Mediterranean Sea, in the Gaza Strip, adjacent to SW Israel. 118,300.

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Gaza – definition of Gaza by The Free Dictionary

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45 rockets fired from Gaza into Israel, which quickly …

No casualties were reported in Israel, according to army spokesman Lt. Col. Jonathan Conricus, who told journalists that, while one home was directly hit by a rocket, the vast majority of the 200,000 Israelis living in bordering communities spent the night in bomb shelters. Gazan authorities said two people were lightly wounded by the Israeli strikes.

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Gaza – Jewish Virtual Library

GAZA (Heb. , Azzah), city on the southern coastal plain of Ere Israel. From earliest times it served as the base of Egyptian operations in Canaan. Unlike the neighboring sites of Tell el-‘Ajjul and Tell Ali Muntar, Gaza itself did not have much strategic and economic importance during the third and second millennia B.C.E. An important Middle Bronze II settlement, however, has been discovered at al-Moghraqa in the area of Wadi Gaza. Gaza was apparently held by Thutmose III (c. 1469 B.C.E.) and in his inscriptions it has the title of “that-which-the-ruler-seized” signifying its role as the chief Egyptian base in Canaan. In the reliefs of Seti I (c. 1300 B.C.E.) it is called “the [town of] Canaan.” It is also mentioned in the Tell el-Amarna and Taanach tablets as an Egyptian administrative center. According to biblical tradition its original inhabitants were the Avvites (Deut. 2:23; Josh. 13:3). At the time of the Israelite conquest it was allotted to the tribe of Judah (Josh. 15:47; Judg. 1:18) but it remained in the possession of the Canaanites until the beginning of the 12th century B.C.E. when it was occupied by the Philistines possibly at first as an Egyptian garrison. It became the southernmost city of the Philistine Pentapolis (Josh. 13:3; I Sam. 6:17; Jer. 25:20). At Gaza Samson performed some of his famous deeds and there too he perished in the temple of Dagon in the great slaughter of his enemies (Judg. 16). With the weakening of Egyptian support, the Philistines finally submitted to David (II Sam. 5:25). In 734 B.C.E. Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria took Gaza but it remained a Philistine city and the short conquest of Hezekiah (II Kings 18:8) did not alter its status. Pharaoh Necho II occupied Gaza briefly in 609 B.C.E. Under the Persians (after a siege in 529 B.C.E. by Cambyses) Gaza became an important royal fortress called Kadytis by Herodotus (2:159). In 332 B.C.E. it was the only city in Ere Israel to oppose Alexander, who besieged it and sold its people into slavery. In the Hellenistic period Gaza was the outpost of the Ptolemies until its capture by Antiochus III in 198 B.C.E. Its commercial importance increased in Persian and Hellenistic times when it served as the Mediterranean outlet of the Nabatean caravan trade and as the gateway for Greek penetration into southern Ere Israel. The city was attacked by Jonathan the Hasmonean in 145 B.C.E. (I Macc. 11:6162) but was taken only by Alexander Yannai in 96 B.C.E. after a long siege. It was restored by Pompey and rebuilt by Gabinius in 57 B.C.E. It was held by Herod for a short time. Gaza prospered under Roman rule and contained a famous school of rhetoric. It was fanatically devoted to its Cretan god Marnas, even under Christian rule; only in the fifth century was its temple destroyed and Christianity made the ruling religion. Although Jews were settled there in the talmudic period, the city was regarded as being outside the halakhic boundaries of the Holy Land. Gaza is shown as a large city on the Madaba Map “splendid, delicious” are the words of the traveler Antoninus with colonnaded streets crossing its center and a large basilica in the middle, probably the church erected on the temple of Marnas. A depiction of the city of Gaza also appears in a mosaic floor uncovered at Umm er-Rasas in Jordan. In antiquity Gaza controlled an extensive territory, including the areas of Anthedon and its harbor, Maiumas. The sources mention an “Old Gaza.” This was probably at Beth-Eglaim Tell al-Ajl (the tell at the city proper however contains evidence of settlement from the Bronze Age onward). “Gaza the desert” in the New Testament (Acts 8:26), which is the city proper, was so called because of its devastation by Alexander Yannai. The “New City” (Neapolis) was the harbor; a synagogue was found there paved with mosaics and dated 508/9. In 1965 a mosaic floor was uncovered on the seashore of Gaza’s harbor. Its figures include one of King David as Orpheus, dressed in Byzantine royal garments and playing the lyre. The name “David” in Hebrew letters appears above it. A Greek inscription at the center of the floor, which mentions the names of the two donors (Menahem and Jesse) of the mosaic to the “holy place,” and the name “David,” testify to the fact that a synagogue stood there. The synagogue was cleared by A. Ovadiah in 1967/68. Evidence of a considerable Jewish population during the talmudic period in Gaza is provided also by a relief of a menorah, a shofar, a lulav, and an etrog, which appear on a pillar of the Great Mosque of Gaza; and various Hebrew and Greek inscriptions. According to the Karaite Sahl b. Mali’a, Gaza, Tiberias, and Zoar were the three centers of pilgrimages in Ere Israel during the Byzantine period. Gaza was situated 3 mi. (5 km.) from the sea in a fertile plain rich in wheat, vineyards, and fruits. Its fair (panegyris) was one of the three main fairs in Roman Palestine.

In a great battle fought near Gaza in 635, the Arabs vanquished the Byzantines; the city itself fell soon afterward. It remained the seat of the governor of the Negev, as is known from the Nessana Papyri. The Jewish and Samaritan communities flourished under Arab rule; in the eighth century, R. Moses, one of the masoretes, lived there. In the 11th century R. Ephraim of Gaza was head of the community of Fostat (old Cairo). King Baldwin I of Jerusalem occupied the city which was known in Crusader times as Gadres; from the time of Baldwin III (1152) it was a Templar stronghold. In 1170 it fell to Saladin. Under Mamluk rule Gaza was the capital of a district (mamlaka) embracing the whole coastal plain up to Athlit. After the destruction of Gaza by the Crusaders the Jewish community ceased to exist. Nothing more was heard of it until the 14th century. Meshullam of Volterra in 1481 found 60 Jewish householders there and four Samaritans. All the wine of Gaza was produced by the Jews (A.M. Luncz, in Yerushalayim, 1918). Obadiah of Bertinoro records that when he was there in 1488, Gaza’s rabbi was a certain Moses of Prague who had come from Jerusalem (Zwei Briefe, ed. by A. Neubauer (1863), 19). Gaza flourished under Ottoman rule; the Jewish community was very numerous in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Karaite Samuel b. David found a Rabbanite synagogue there in 1641 (Ginzei Yisrael be-St. Petersburg, ed. by J. Gurland (1865), 11). In the 16th century there were a bet din and a yeshivah in Gaza, and some of its rabbis wrote scholarly works. Farm-owners were obliged to observe the laws of terumah (“priestly tithe”), ma’aserot (“tithes”), and the sabbatical year. At the end of the 16th century the Najara family supplied some of its rabbis; Israel *Najara, son of the Damascus rabbi Moses Najara, author of the “Zemirot Yisrael,” was chief rabbi of Gaza and president of the bet din in the mid-17th century. In 1665, on the occasion of Shabbetai evi’s visit to Gaza, the city became a center of his messianic movement, and one of his principal disciples was *Nathan of Gaza. The city was occupied by Napoleon for a short time in 1799. In the 19th century, the city declined. The Jews concentrated there were mainly barley merchants; they bartered with the Bedouins for barley which they exported to the beer breweries in Europe. It was a Turkish stronghold in World War I; two British attacks made on Gaza in 191617 failed and it was finally taken by a flanking movement of *Allenby. Under Mandatory rule Gaza developed slowly; the last Jews left the town as a result of the anti-Jewish Arab disturbances in 1929.

M.A. Meyer, History of the City of Gaza from the Earliest Times to the Present Day (1907); G. Downey, Gaza in the Early Sixth Century (1963); Kena’ani, in: BJPES, 5 (1937), 3341; Benayahu, ibid., 20 (1955), 2130; Avi-Yonah, ibid., 30 (1966), 2213; M. Ish-Shalom, Masei Noerim le-Ere Yisrael (1965), index; Ben Zvi, Ere Yisrael, index; J. Braslavski (Braslavi), Le-eker Arenu Avar u-Seridim (1954), index; idem, Me-Reu’at Azzah ad Yam Suf (1957); S. Klein, Toledot ha-Yishuv ha-Yehudi be-Ere Yisrael (1935), index; S. Assaf and L.A. Mayer (eds.), Sefer ha-Yishuv, 2 vols. (193944). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Garstang, “The Walls of Gaza,” in: PEFQS (1920), 15657; C.A.M. Glucker, The City of Gaza in the Roman and Byzantine Periods (1987); J. Clarke et al., “The Gaza Research Project: 1998 Field Season,” in: Journal of Palestinian Archaeology, 2 (2001), 411; L. Steel et al., “Gaza Research Project. Report on the 1999 and 2000 Seasons at al-Moghraqa,” in: Levant, 36 (2004), 3788; “Ghazza,” in: EIS2, 2, 105657 (incl. bibl.).

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Gaza – Jewish Virtual Library

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June 19, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

CAMERA

Calling Israeli settlements “amorphous things,” MSNBC’s Joy Reid says a map of Israel, the West Bank, Gaza, Jordan and Egypt shows seven Israeli settlements and demonstrates “how much of the West Bank . . . is already taken up by the settlements.” Meanwhile, Reid comes under fire for reportedly having promoted a documentary pushing a 9/11 conspiracy theory.

Journalists keep treating Hamas claims with undue credibilitymissing the terror groups motives and history.

The Washington Post flogs Hamas claims and implicitly blames Israel for the terror attacks launched against it.

CAMERA takes to the pages of The Baltimore Sun to correct an omission-laden report.

Haaretz investigate journalist Uri Blau writes that a shadowy Israeli organization spied on Linda Sarsour. But then Middle East Forum, an American think tank, stepped forward, saying it compiled the dossier, collecting everything from open sources.

Time relies on an editorial intern to explain how the Gaza Strip became the center of conflict. Ciara Nugent initially ignored that Israel had full withdrawn from the territory in 2005, one of the article’s many failings.

CAMERA’s Israel office prompts correction of a Reuters feature on Jerusalem which wrongly reported that the Western Wall is the only surviving above ground remain from the Temple Mount.

An opinion piece by Rabbi Jill Jacobs had erroneously claimed that South Carolina justpassed a lawdeeming any criticism of Israel in the states public schools or universities to be anti-Semitic.

A slightly different version of this commentary, was published in the Salt Lake Tribune, in response to an anti-Semitic Op-Ed that was published earlier in that newspaper. Following the negative publicity generated by CAMERA’s harsh criticism, the newspaper published an apology by the author.

The Washington Post triedand failedto accurately fact check President Donald Trumps May 8, 2018 announcement that the U.S. is withdrawing from the Iran deal

The WCC expresses more concern over Jewish self-defense than attacks on Jews and their homeland.Its most recent statement penned by General Secretary Olav Fyske Tveit is no exception.

NPR and the New York Times have reported on “rioters” before. So why, when covering crowds of men hurling stones, throwing firebombs, attacking a border fence, setting fire to fields and buildings, and shooting Israelis, does it describe the perpetrators as “protesters”?

The headline reads, “Israel Kills Dozens of Unarmed Protesters in Gaza as Jared Kushner Speaks of Peace, in Jerusalem.”

The newspaper originally suggested that she had died from inhaling tear gas fired by Israeli troops.

The magazine geared towards teens had originally published an article making claims that strained credulity.

An Associated Press article yesterday stated that vandals destroyed the fuel terminal at Israel’s only cargo crossing into Gaza, initially leaving out that the culprits were Gazans, reportedly acting on Hamas instructions. AP responds positively to CAMERA’s request to identify those responsible as Palestinian.

Contrary to its own style, CNN Arabic referred to the Western Wall by its Islamic name, “al Buraq” wall, in a report on Ali Baba CEO Jack Ma’s visit to the holy Jewish site. CAMERA Arabic prompts a correction.

As Palestinians in Gaza, backed by Hamas and other Palestinian terror groups, continue to riot, and Israeli soldiers struggle to keep the demonstrators from the countrys borders, media coverage has often failed to accurately report on the clashes.

Yesterday The Los Angeles Times and Reuters both departed from their usual language which acknowledges that among the hundreds of thousands of Palestinians displaced in 1948, some fled and some were driven out. While Reuters has updated, The Times has yet to address its misleading passage which noted only those who were driven out, ignoring the majority who fled of their own accord, often at their leaders’ behest.

Following communication by CAMERA, the New York Times updated its piece to note that the new embassy isn’t partially in east Jerusalem, but rather what was called “No Man’s Land,” which separated the western and eastern sectors of the city.

Diana Buttu, who in the past infamously fabricated that Palestinian rockets have no explosive warheads, now falsely asserts that Israel’s border fence with Gaza is electrified.

The Salt Lake Tribune published an Op-Ed by Michael S. Robinson that can best be described as an anti-Semitic rant. Its attacks against “the Jews,” falsehoods demonizing Israel, and calls for “regime change” targeting the Jewish state conform perfectly to the definition of “anti-Semitism” used by the United States and the European Union.

CAMERA’s timeline keeps track of the newspaper’s stumbles.

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CAMERA

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May 30, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

Gaza Strip Conflict: Long History Behind Protest at Border …

The border between Gaza and Israel has once again become the focal point for clashes between protesters and Israeli troops, as Palestinians commemorate the anniversary of their expulsion from Israeli land and demand a right to return and the end of the decade-long Israeli blockade on the strip.

This weeks demonstrations are the culmination of weeks of protests at the border but how did the location become such a flashpoint?

Due in part to its desirable coastal location, the land now known as Gaza has been fought over from time to time for centuries, but the modern conflict over the region dates to 1948. Before that time, the area known today as the Gaza Strip a 140-square-mile stretch of land hugging the Mediterranean coast was under British colonial rule as part of its larger post-World War I Mandate for Palestine. The region had for centuries been home to a Muslim Arab majority and small Jewish and Christian minorities, but as European Jews fled in the years around the Holocaust, the Jewish population grew sharply as did Western support, particularly in the U.S. under President Harry Truman, for the idea of finding a home for the Jewish people.

In 1947, a newly formed United Nations approved a plan to partition the region into a Jewish and an Arab state. The Palestinian Arabs, backed by Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt, rejected the plan, as it gave them less than half the land despite their outnumbering Jewish residents two to one. But the leaders of what was to be Israel agreed to it and moved ahead on their own. On May 14, 1948, on the day of Britains departure from the region, Zionist groups lead by David Ben-Gurion declared Israel a state. The first Arab-Israeli war broke out the next day.

Egyptian forces set up a base in the town of Gaza and attempted to drive the Israelis back but, by that autumn, the area they controlled around the town was just about 25 miles long and 5 miles wide. When Egypt and Israel reached an armistice in February, the borders of the Gaza strip were drawn up and it remained under Egyptian control.

Three quarters of a million Palestinians fled or were expelled from their homes in the land that became Israel during 1948, during a period they call al-Nakba or The Catastrophe. Even though Egypt controlled Gaza, the Palestinian refugees who ended up in the Gaza Strip were not allowed by the government to pass into the rest of Egypt. Having lost their homes and livelihoods, around 500,000 people became dependent on U.N. aid.

Gaza remained under Egyptian military rule until the Suez Canal Crisis of 1956, when Egypt nationalized that major shipping route in defiance of Britain and France. Israeli ships were prevented from passing through the canal, and also from using the Tiran Straits linking Israel to the Red Sea. In response, Israel invaded Gaza, occupying the strip for several months before international pressure forced them to give it back to Egypt.

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In June 1967, years of escalating border skirmishes and small-scale guerrilla attacks, exacerbated by the tensions of the Cold War, came to a head in the Six-Day War.

Acutely aware of their vulnerable position and with the memory of the Holocaust still fresh, Israel had built a powerful and well-organized military. On the morning of June 5, 1967, anticipating a move from its Arab neighbors, which had just signed a defense pact, Israel launched a stunning preemptive strike, wiping out most of Egypts air force, followed by those of Jordan and Syria in the afternoon. This left the Arab states armies vulnerable and over the next five days of fighting the Israelis expanded their territory dramatically, capturing the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the Golan Heights from Syria and the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan.

After 2,000 years of exile, all of Judaisms holy sites were now under Jewish control. Images of Israeli soldiers capturing the Western Wall in Jerusalem became iconic. Some Israeli politicians warned that the size of the new Israel would make future conflict inevitable, but religious Jews believed the capturing of their holy sites was a miracle bestowed by God, which could not be given up. Israel stationed troops in Gaza and began to build settlements in the newly occupied territories, in defiance of international law that prohibits occupiers from settling their people on the land they capture.

In Gaza, more than 1 million refugees were left under Israeli rule. The defeat invigorated a fledgling Palestinian national movement, with the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) gained new influence.

In 1993, the PLO and Israel signed the Oslo Peace Accords. Israel relinquished control of parts of Gaza and the West Bank to a semi-autonomous government, the Palestinian Authority, in exchange for an agreement to stem violence by Palestinian guerilla groups, including Hamas, which had formed during violent clashes between Palestinians and Israeli troops in 1987. But the Palestinian Authority could not stop the attacks and Israel refused to dismantle its remaining settlements.

In 2005, Israel unilaterally withdrew its settlements from Gaza and the following year Hamas, which had established social and educational programs in Gaza, rode a wave of popularity to an election victory. It soon fell into a week-long battle with the ruling party, Fatah, which took control of the West Bank.

After Hamas election, Israel imposed a land, air and sea blockade on the strip, which human-rights organizations say has stifled the economy and had devastating effects on life in Gaza. An estimated 80% of the 1.3 million Palestinian refugees in Gaza rely on aid and over half a million live in refugee camps.

Sporadic rocket fire and attacks from Hamas and other militant groups in Gaza have been met with several bombing campaigns and land assaults from Israel. Tensions flare every year in the weeks leading up to the anniversary of Nakba day. Organizers of this years protest expect it to be the largest in history.

Correction: The original version of this story misstated the length of time Israel occupied the Gaza strip in 1956-57. It was a period of five months, not a year.

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Gaza Strip Conflict: Long History Behind Protest at Border …

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May 30, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

The Hidden Reality of Life in Gaza – YouTube

Israel’s Iron Fist (2009): A candid look at life in the Gaza Strip. For similar stories, see: The Phone Call That Shocked Israel to its Corehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Da4p-…The Human Impact Of Gaza’s Blockadeshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJjzE…These Israeli Settlers Are Refusing To Leave Gazahttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2weDZ… Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_c…For downloads and more information visit:http://www.journeyman.tv/film/4306 Like us on Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpi…Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVODhttps://twitter.com/JourneymanNewsFollow us on Instagram:https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures The threat of death for Israeli Jews and Muslim Palestinians is worse than ever. Whilst international media was refused entry into Gaza last month, local, Rayeed Al Atamna, shows us the hidden reality. In 2006 an Israeli tank destroyed Rayeed’s home and killed ten of his family. He and his family fled to Tel el-Hawa. “I didn’t expect Israeli tanks would reach it. But sadly they did and once again they had to run. We carried our children and walked carrying a white flag. Our lives were in grave danger. Luckily the family was safe this time but their home was not. I’m walking on my ruined house, I dont recognise it.” SBS Australia Ref. 4306 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world’s most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world’s top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you’ll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.

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August 13, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

Gulf widening between US, world over Gaza – CNNPolitics

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CNN’s u003ca href=”http://www.cnn.com/profiles/oren-liebermann” target=”_blank”> Oren Liebermannu003c/a> reports.”,”descriptionText”:”A Monday bus blast in Jerusalem that injured at least 21 people was a deliberate attack, according to Israeli police officials. CNN’s u003ca href=”http://www.cnn.com/profiles/oren-liebermann” target=”_blank”> Oren Liebermannu003c/a> reports.”},{“title”:”Israeli police confirm explosive device in bus fire”,”duration”:”03:05″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”http://www.cnn.com/world”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2016/04/18/israeli-police-confirm-device-in-bus-fire-liebermann.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2016/04/18/israeli-police-confirm-device-in-bus-fire-liebermann.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160418132549-israeli-police-confirm-device-in-bus-fire-liebermann-00001307-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2016/04/18/israeli-police-confirm-device-in-bus-fire-liebermann.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”Police confirm an explosive device went off in a bus attack in Jerusalem. CNN’s Oren Liebermann reports.”,”descriptionText”:”Police confirm an explosive device went off in a bus attack in Jerusalem. CNN’s Oren Liebermann reports.”},{“title”:”Bus catches fire in Jerusalem”,”duration”:”01:04″,”sourceName”:”CNN”,”sourceLink”:”www.cnn.com”,”videoCMSUrl”:”/video/data/3.0/video/world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion.cnn/index.xml”,”videoId”:”world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion.cnn”,”videoImage”:”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160418114343-jerusalem-bus-explosion-00005513-large-169.jpg”,”videoUrl”:”/videos/world/2016/04/18/jerusalem-bus-explosion.cnn/video/playlists/israeli-palestinian-conflict/”,”description”:”A fire on a bus in Jerusalem has injured at least 15 people, following reports of an explosion, according to Israel police spokesperson Micky Rosenfeld.”,”descriptionText”:”A fire on a bus in Jerusalem has injured at least 15 people, following reports of an explosion, according to Israel police spokesperson Micky Rosenfeld.”}],’js-video_headline-featured-1lwvtlv’,”,”js-video_source-featured-1lwvtlv”,true,true,’israeli-palestinian-conflict’);if (typeof configObj.context !== ‘string’ || configObj.context.length

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August 13, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

Hamas says Gaza ceasefire reached following intense …

The IDF said it counted more than 100 launches from Gaza, and it responded with more than 60 airstrikes on targets in the enclave. Al Hayya said in a statement early Wednesday that there had been considerable mediation efforts — an apparent reference to Egyptian-led talks — resulting in “a consensus to return to the ceasefire understandings of the Gaza Strip.” “The resistance factions are committed [to the ceasefire], as long as the Occupation does the same,” added Al Hayya, using the militant groups’ term for Israel. Israel’s Intelligence Minister Israel Katz dismissed suggestions of an agreement. “There is no ceasefire,” he told Israeli radio Wednesday morning, adding, “there is a clear Israeli policy not to allow shooting, attacks and violence against Israeli citizens.” IDF spokesman Lt. Col Jonathan Conricus told CNN the Israeli military was not aware of any kind of ceasefire either, but added that “quiet will most likely be met with quiet.” If militants relaunch attacks on Israel, he said, “terror will be met with a very strong response.” There have been no reports of launches or strikes from either side since 5 a.m. local on Wednesday, suggesting a de facto ceasefire had taken hold even if there was no formal agreement. UN Security Council to hold emergency meeting By Wednesday, the IDF said it had launched more than 60 airstrikes targeting the militant groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad. In its final sortie, in the early hours of Wednesday, the IDF said it took aim at “sheds of drones used for terror purposes, a rocket manufacturing workshop, advanced naval weaponry, military compounds, training facilities and a munitions manufacturing site.” The IDF said more than 100 mortars and rockets had been fired out of Gaza during the course of Tuesday, all of them either intercepted by the Iron Dome aerial defense system, or landing in Israel. One mortar hit a kindergarten yard just an hour before it was due to open for the day. Israel said three of its soldiers were injured, two lightly and a third moderately, in the militant fire. Hamas and Islamic Jihad claimed joint responsibility for the attacks. In a statement issued by the militant groups’ armed wings, the Al-Qassam Brigades and the Al-Quds Brigades respectively, the two groups blamed Israel for starting the latest round of aggression and said they had cooperated in launching the attacks because Israel’s “crimes could not be tolerated in any way.” The IDF’s Conricus told CNN Israel was adamant it had not instigated the latest round of violence. “We are not the ones who fired on Gaza first,” he said. An emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council, called by the United States, was expected to take place Wednesday to “discuss the latest attacks on Israel out of the Gaza Strip by Hamas and other militants,” said the US Mission to the UN in a statement. “The recent attacks out of Gaza are the largest we have seen since 2014. Mortars fired by Palestinian militants hit civilian infrastructure, including a kindergarten. The Security Council should be outraged and respond to this latest bout of violence directed at innocent Israeli civilians, and the Palestinian leadership needs to be held accountable for what they’re allowing to happen in Gaza,” US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley said, according to the statement. There were no reports of any fatalities or injuries arising from Israel’s airstrikes from either the Palestinian Ministry of Health or from the militant groups themselves. Israel and the United States consider Hamas a terrorist organization.

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July 6, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

Israel defends Gaza crackdown as Palestinians bury their …

Funerals took place across Gaza on Tuesday, a day after Israeli troops fired on Palestinians gathered at the border to protest the controversial relocation of the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The Palestinian Health Ministry said 60 people were killed on Monday and another two died in clashes on Tuesday. United Nations Secretary-General Antnio Guterres was “profoundly alarmed” by Israel’s actions on Monday, a spokesman said. The British government called for an independent inquiry, expressing concern about the volume of live fire used by Israeli forces. But the United States expressed strong backing for Israel, blaming the deaths on Hamas, the Islamist group that controls Gaza and which encouraged the protests. “Make no mistake, Hamas is pleased with the results from yesterday,” said Nikki Haley, the US ambassador to the United Nations. “I ask my colleagues here in the Security Council, who among us would accept this type of activity on your border?” Haley said at a UN Security Council meeting on Tuesday. She praised Israel for its “restraint” and accused Hamas of stoking violence “long before” the controversial decision to move the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The crackdown on protests in Gaza took place as 50 miles away in Jerusalem, a glossy ceremony marked the relocation of the US Embassy from Tel Aviv. Most of the dead were killed by Israeli fire, after troops used tear gas and live rounds to try to disperse several crowds, totaling about 35,000, as Palestinians gathered at the border. More than 2,700 Palestinians suffered injuries in the clashes, nearly half of them due to live fire, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry, which said Monday was the deadliest day in Gaza since the 2014 war. In separate phone calls Tuesday night, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu emphasized Israel’s right to defend its sovereignty in response to concerns expressed by the leaders of France and Germany. “Israel will protect its security interests,” Netanyahu told French President Emmanuel Macron on Tuesday, according to a readout of the statement from the Israeli Prime Minister’s Office. “No country is prepared to allow threats against its sovereignty.” Disputes over tenor of protests The Israeli Defence Forces, or IDF, said protesters were trying to storm the border fence between Israel and Gaza. It accused Hamas of “leading a terrorist operation” and inciting the protesters to conduct what Israel described as terror attacks. The IDF said some protesters threw rocks and Molotov cocktails, and burned tires. It also said it foiled an attack by three armed Palestinians near Rafah, close to the border with Egypt, during “a particularly violent demonstration.” Netanyahu said in Monday’s confrontations, “The determined action of the IDF and the security forces prevented a breach into Israel’s borders.” Palestinian leaders said the protests were peaceful and the use of force was wholly disproportionate to the threat. “What we see in Palestine is like the rise of new Intifada, a new popular uprising that is peaceful and nonviolent, but faced with the very criminal attitude of the Israeli army which is using all kinds of lethal weapons against peaceful demonstrators,” the head of the Palestinian National Initiative and Palestinian parliamentary member, Mustafa Barghouti, told CNN. The former head of the Hamas Political Bureau, Khaled Meshaal, called for Arab and international solidarity. “Our people, who are [rising] up in Gaza and the West Bank, call on our Arab and Islamic nation, its people, its leaders, scientists and friends in the world to stand with us at this historic moment,” he said in a statement on Tuesday. Funerals across Gaza Among the dead were eight children, including 8-month-old Laila Anwar Ghandour. At her funeral, her mother and father cradled her body, wrapped in a white shroud, before her father walked to the graveyard to bury her. Relatives said Laila was sitting in her mother’s lap when the infant inhaled tear gas. “They were sitting on the side. (Israeli troops) fired tear gas haphazardly. The baby girl couldn’t take it and she died,” said the girl’s father, Anwar Ghandour. “We’re nearly done with our lives, but these poor kids have their whole lives ahead of them. What have they done wrong?” said Um Khalid al Ashram, a middle-aged Palestinian woman who was near the funeral procession. The funerals came on a day Palestinians call “The Catastrophe” or “Nakba,” in memory of the more than 700,000 Palestinians who were driven from or left their homes during the 1948-1949 Arab-Israeli war. Shops in Gaza were closed and people could be heard talking about the dead. Images of the dead and short eulogies flooded Palestinian social media. CNN journalists on the ground said it appeared that nearly every neighborhood in Gaza had lost someone in Monday’s demonstrations. An amputee named Fadi Abu Salameh, also known as Fadi Abu Salah, was killed near the border fence in Khan Younis on Monday, the Palestinian Health Ministry told CNN. Fadi, who was 28, lost both his legs in 2008, his brother Hani said on Tuesday. “He does not pose a threat to himself, no less others,” Hani said. “How could he be targeted? His blood falls squarely on the shoulders of the Israelis.” Photographs of Fadi in his wheelchair circulated on social media as news of his death spread. At the protest encampments that dot Gaza’s border with Israel, the numbers of demonstrators dwindled. Mosques and political factions that called on Palestinians to take to the border over the weekend were largely quiet on Tuesday. Demonstrators also appeared skeptical that protests would continue. Several said they felt abandoned by political parties and protest organizers. “It’s enough death. Those who died, it’s enough,” said Mahmoud Yasser Mohammed, a demonstrator who stayed at the camps overnight. “All the youth are just coming down to take selfies. There is no point. We cut the fence and opened the way and everyone was too scared to cross and the Israelis started firing on us,” said another demonstrator, Sayed Abu Nada. While Tuesday’s protests in Gaza were more subdued than Monday, hundreds of Palestinians rallied to mark the Nakba in cities across the West Bank. In Bethlehem, some 240 Palestinians marched toward an Israeli outpost when Israeli military and border police fired tear gas and rubber-coated bullets to disperse the crowd. Some youth threw stones at Israeli troops as clashes continued. Clashes were also reported in Al Bireh, north of Ramallah. International reaction Condemnation poured in from around the world over Israel’s use of force. In London, Alistair Burt, the British government minister with responsibility for the Middle East, said the UK was working “urgently” with the UN to establish an independent investigation. “The United Kingdom has been clear in calling for, urgently, a need to establish the facts of what happened, including why such a volume of live fire was used. We are supportive of an independent, transparent investigation,” Burt told the House of Commons. In his Tuesday night phone call with Netanyahu, the French President also condemned the violence of Israeli forces against protesters and stressed “the importance of protecting the civilian population and the right to demonstrate peacefully,” an lyse Palace source in France said. German Chancellor Angela Merkel also expressed concerns about the escalation of violence, her spokesman said. She said she understands “the security concerns of Israel,” according to her spokesman, but she added that “the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly should not be abused to provoke unrest.” In a phone call with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan “condemned the attacks and wished Allah’s mercy to all martyrs,” according to the state-run Anadolu news agency. Turkey recalled its ambassadors to Washington and Tel Aviv for consultations, Anadolu reported. At the United Nations, the deputy spokesman for Guterres, the secretary-general, said he urged Israeli forces to “exercise maximum restraint in the use of live fire.” The United States blocked a UN resolution condemning Israel, a UN diplomat told CNN. The draft statement, seen by CNN, included language expressing “outrage and sorrow at the killing of Palestinian civilians exercising their right to peaceful protest.” It also reaffirmed UN resolutions on the status of Jerusalem, saying that recent events had “no legal effect” under international law. The statement was withdrawn once the United States indicated that it would block it, a UN diplomat said. Ian Lee, Salma Abdelaziz and Ibrahim Dahman reported from Gaza, and Abeer Salman reported from Jerusalem. Kareem Khadder reported from Ramallah. Tamara Qiblawi wrote from Beirut. Richard Roth contributed to this report from the UN in New York. CNN’s Natalie Gallon, James Griffiths, Sarah El Sirgany and Samantha Beech contributed reporting.

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July 6, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

Gaza – definition of Gaza by The Free Dictionary

. A city of southwest Asia in the Gaza Strip, a narrow coastal area along the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Israel and Egypt. The territory was part of the British mandate for Palestine (1920-1948), passed to Egypt in 1949, and was occupied by Israel in 1967. Palestinian autonomy was promised in the 1979 Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty, and limited autonomy was granted in a 1993 Israeli-Palestinian accord. The city of Gaza was one of the five major Philistine city-kingdoms. (Placename) a city in the Gaza Strip: a Philistine city in biblical times. It was under Egyptian administration from 1949 until occupied by Israel (1967). Pop: 787 000 (2005 est). Arabic name: Ghazzah n. a seaport on the Mediterranean Sea, in the Gaza Strip, adjacent to SW Israel. 118,300. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:

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July 4, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

45 rockets fired from Gaza into Israel, which quickly …

No casualties were reported in Israel, according to army spokesman Lt. Col. Jonathan Conricus, who told journalists that, while one home was directly hit by a rocket, the vast majority of the 200,000 Israelis living in bordering communities spent the night in bomb shelters. Gazan authorities said two people were lightly wounded by the Israeli strikes.

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June 20, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

Gaza – Jewish Virtual Library

GAZA (Heb. , Azzah), city on the southern coastal plain of Ere Israel. From earliest times it served as the base of Egyptian operations in Canaan. Unlike the neighboring sites of Tell el-‘Ajjul and Tell Ali Muntar, Gaza itself did not have much strategic and economic importance during the third and second millennia B.C.E. An important Middle Bronze II settlement, however, has been discovered at al-Moghraqa in the area of Wadi Gaza. Gaza was apparently held by Thutmose III (c. 1469 B.C.E.) and in his inscriptions it has the title of “that-which-the-ruler-seized” signifying its role as the chief Egyptian base in Canaan. In the reliefs of Seti I (c. 1300 B.C.E.) it is called “the [town of] Canaan.” It is also mentioned in the Tell el-Amarna and Taanach tablets as an Egyptian administrative center. According to biblical tradition its original inhabitants were the Avvites (Deut. 2:23; Josh. 13:3). At the time of the Israelite conquest it was allotted to the tribe of Judah (Josh. 15:47; Judg. 1:18) but it remained in the possession of the Canaanites until the beginning of the 12th century B.C.E. when it was occupied by the Philistines possibly at first as an Egyptian garrison. It became the southernmost city of the Philistine Pentapolis (Josh. 13:3; I Sam. 6:17; Jer. 25:20). At Gaza Samson performed some of his famous deeds and there too he perished in the temple of Dagon in the great slaughter of his enemies (Judg. 16). With the weakening of Egyptian support, the Philistines finally submitted to David (II Sam. 5:25). In 734 B.C.E. Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria took Gaza but it remained a Philistine city and the short conquest of Hezekiah (II Kings 18:8) did not alter its status. Pharaoh Necho II occupied Gaza briefly in 609 B.C.E. Under the Persians (after a siege in 529 B.C.E. by Cambyses) Gaza became an important royal fortress called Kadytis by Herodotus (2:159). In 332 B.C.E. it was the only city in Ere Israel to oppose Alexander, who besieged it and sold its people into slavery. In the Hellenistic period Gaza was the outpost of the Ptolemies until its capture by Antiochus III in 198 B.C.E. Its commercial importance increased in Persian and Hellenistic times when it served as the Mediterranean outlet of the Nabatean caravan trade and as the gateway for Greek penetration into southern Ere Israel. The city was attacked by Jonathan the Hasmonean in 145 B.C.E. (I Macc. 11:6162) but was taken only by Alexander Yannai in 96 B.C.E. after a long siege. It was restored by Pompey and rebuilt by Gabinius in 57 B.C.E. It was held by Herod for a short time. Gaza prospered under Roman rule and contained a famous school of rhetoric. It was fanatically devoted to its Cretan god Marnas, even under Christian rule; only in the fifth century was its temple destroyed and Christianity made the ruling religion. Although Jews were settled there in the talmudic period, the city was regarded as being outside the halakhic boundaries of the Holy Land. Gaza is shown as a large city on the Madaba Map “splendid, delicious” are the words of the traveler Antoninus with colonnaded streets crossing its center and a large basilica in the middle, probably the church erected on the temple of Marnas. A depiction of the city of Gaza also appears in a mosaic floor uncovered at Umm er-Rasas in Jordan. In antiquity Gaza controlled an extensive territory, including the areas of Anthedon and its harbor, Maiumas. The sources mention an “Old Gaza.” This was probably at Beth-Eglaim Tell al-Ajl (the tell at the city proper however contains evidence of settlement from the Bronze Age onward). “Gaza the desert” in the New Testament (Acts 8:26), which is the city proper, was so called because of its devastation by Alexander Yannai. The “New City” (Neapolis) was the harbor; a synagogue was found there paved with mosaics and dated 508/9. In 1965 a mosaic floor was uncovered on the seashore of Gaza’s harbor. Its figures include one of King David as Orpheus, dressed in Byzantine royal garments and playing the lyre. The name “David” in Hebrew letters appears above it. A Greek inscription at the center of the floor, which mentions the names of the two donors (Menahem and Jesse) of the mosaic to the “holy place,” and the name “David,” testify to the fact that a synagogue stood there. The synagogue was cleared by A. Ovadiah in 1967/68. Evidence of a considerable Jewish population during the talmudic period in Gaza is provided also by a relief of a menorah, a shofar, a lulav, and an etrog, which appear on a pillar of the Great Mosque of Gaza; and various Hebrew and Greek inscriptions. According to the Karaite Sahl b. Mali’a, Gaza, Tiberias, and Zoar were the three centers of pilgrimages in Ere Israel during the Byzantine period. Gaza was situated 3 mi. (5 km.) from the sea in a fertile plain rich in wheat, vineyards, and fruits. Its fair (panegyris) was one of the three main fairs in Roman Palestine. In a great battle fought near Gaza in 635, the Arabs vanquished the Byzantines; the city itself fell soon afterward. It remained the seat of the governor of the Negev, as is known from the Nessana Papyri. The Jewish and Samaritan communities flourished under Arab rule; in the eighth century, R. Moses, one of the masoretes, lived there. In the 11th century R. Ephraim of Gaza was head of the community of Fostat (old Cairo). King Baldwin I of Jerusalem occupied the city which was known in Crusader times as Gadres; from the time of Baldwin III (1152) it was a Templar stronghold. In 1170 it fell to Saladin. Under Mamluk rule Gaza was the capital of a district (mamlaka) embracing the whole coastal plain up to Athlit. After the destruction of Gaza by the Crusaders the Jewish community ceased to exist. Nothing more was heard of it until the 14th century. Meshullam of Volterra in 1481 found 60 Jewish householders there and four Samaritans. All the wine of Gaza was produced by the Jews (A.M. Luncz, in Yerushalayim, 1918). Obadiah of Bertinoro records that when he was there in 1488, Gaza’s rabbi was a certain Moses of Prague who had come from Jerusalem (Zwei Briefe, ed. by A. Neubauer (1863), 19). Gaza flourished under Ottoman rule; the Jewish community was very numerous in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Karaite Samuel b. David found a Rabbanite synagogue there in 1641 (Ginzei Yisrael be-St. Petersburg, ed. by J. Gurland (1865), 11). In the 16th century there were a bet din and a yeshivah in Gaza, and some of its rabbis wrote scholarly works. Farm-owners were obliged to observe the laws of terumah (“priestly tithe”), ma’aserot (“tithes”), and the sabbatical year. At the end of the 16th century the Najara family supplied some of its rabbis; Israel *Najara, son of the Damascus rabbi Moses Najara, author of the “Zemirot Yisrael,” was chief rabbi of Gaza and president of the bet din in the mid-17th century. In 1665, on the occasion of Shabbetai evi’s visit to Gaza, the city became a center of his messianic movement, and one of his principal disciples was *Nathan of Gaza. The city was occupied by Napoleon for a short time in 1799. In the 19th century, the city declined. The Jews concentrated there were mainly barley merchants; they bartered with the Bedouins for barley which they exported to the beer breweries in Europe. It was a Turkish stronghold in World War I; two British attacks made on Gaza in 191617 failed and it was finally taken by a flanking movement of *Allenby. Under Mandatory rule Gaza developed slowly; the last Jews left the town as a result of the anti-Jewish Arab disturbances in 1929. M.A. Meyer, History of the City of Gaza from the Earliest Times to the Present Day (1907); G. Downey, Gaza in the Early Sixth Century (1963); Kena’ani, in: BJPES, 5 (1937), 3341; Benayahu, ibid., 20 (1955), 2130; Avi-Yonah, ibid., 30 (1966), 2213; M. Ish-Shalom, Masei Noerim le-Ere Yisrael (1965), index; Ben Zvi, Ere Yisrael, index; J. Braslavski (Braslavi), Le-eker Arenu Avar u-Seridim (1954), index; idem, Me-Reu’at Azzah ad Yam Suf (1957); S. Klein, Toledot ha-Yishuv ha-Yehudi be-Ere Yisrael (1935), index; S. Assaf and L.A. Mayer (eds.), Sefer ha-Yishuv, 2 vols. (193944). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Garstang, “The Walls of Gaza,” in: PEFQS (1920), 15657; C.A.M. Glucker, The City of Gaza in the Roman and Byzantine Periods (1987); J. Clarke et al., “The Gaza Research Project: 1998 Field Season,” in: Journal of Palestinian Archaeology, 2 (2001), 411; L. Steel et al., “Gaza Research Project. Report on the 1999 and 2000 Seasons at al-Moghraqa,” in: Levant, 36 (2004), 3788; “Ghazza,” in: EIS2, 2, 105657 (incl. bibl.).

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June 19, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

CAMERA

Calling Israeli settlements “amorphous things,” MSNBC’s Joy Reid says a map of Israel, the West Bank, Gaza, Jordan and Egypt shows seven Israeli settlements and demonstrates “how much of the West Bank . . . is already taken up by the settlements.” Meanwhile, Reid comes under fire for reportedly having promoted a documentary pushing a 9/11 conspiracy theory. Journalists keep treating Hamas claims with undue credibilitymissing the terror groups motives and history. The Washington Post flogs Hamas claims and implicitly blames Israel for the terror attacks launched against it. CAMERA takes to the pages of The Baltimore Sun to correct an omission-laden report. Haaretz investigate journalist Uri Blau writes that a shadowy Israeli organization spied on Linda Sarsour. But then Middle East Forum, an American think tank, stepped forward, saying it compiled the dossier, collecting everything from open sources. Time relies on an editorial intern to explain how the Gaza Strip became the center of conflict. Ciara Nugent initially ignored that Israel had full withdrawn from the territory in 2005, one of the article’s many failings. CAMERA’s Israel office prompts correction of a Reuters feature on Jerusalem which wrongly reported that the Western Wall is the only surviving above ground remain from the Temple Mount. An opinion piece by Rabbi Jill Jacobs had erroneously claimed that South Carolina justpassed a lawdeeming any criticism of Israel in the states public schools or universities to be anti-Semitic. A slightly different version of this commentary, was published in the Salt Lake Tribune, in response to an anti-Semitic Op-Ed that was published earlier in that newspaper. Following the negative publicity generated by CAMERA’s harsh criticism, the newspaper published an apology by the author. The Washington Post triedand failedto accurately fact check President Donald Trumps May 8, 2018 announcement that the U.S. is withdrawing from the Iran deal The WCC expresses more concern over Jewish self-defense than attacks on Jews and their homeland.Its most recent statement penned by General Secretary Olav Fyske Tveit is no exception. NPR and the New York Times have reported on “rioters” before. So why, when covering crowds of men hurling stones, throwing firebombs, attacking a border fence, setting fire to fields and buildings, and shooting Israelis, does it describe the perpetrators as “protesters”? The headline reads, “Israel Kills Dozens of Unarmed Protesters in Gaza as Jared Kushner Speaks of Peace, in Jerusalem.” The newspaper originally suggested that she had died from inhaling tear gas fired by Israeli troops. The magazine geared towards teens had originally published an article making claims that strained credulity. An Associated Press article yesterday stated that vandals destroyed the fuel terminal at Israel’s only cargo crossing into Gaza, initially leaving out that the culprits were Gazans, reportedly acting on Hamas instructions. AP responds positively to CAMERA’s request to identify those responsible as Palestinian. Contrary to its own style, CNN Arabic referred to the Western Wall by its Islamic name, “al Buraq” wall, in a report on Ali Baba CEO Jack Ma’s visit to the holy Jewish site. CAMERA Arabic prompts a correction. As Palestinians in Gaza, backed by Hamas and other Palestinian terror groups, continue to riot, and Israeli soldiers struggle to keep the demonstrators from the countrys borders, media coverage has often failed to accurately report on the clashes. Yesterday The Los Angeles Times and Reuters both departed from their usual language which acknowledges that among the hundreds of thousands of Palestinians displaced in 1948, some fled and some were driven out. While Reuters has updated, The Times has yet to address its misleading passage which noted only those who were driven out, ignoring the majority who fled of their own accord, often at their leaders’ behest. Following communication by CAMERA, the New York Times updated its piece to note that the new embassy isn’t partially in east Jerusalem, but rather what was called “No Man’s Land,” which separated the western and eastern sectors of the city. Diana Buttu, who in the past infamously fabricated that Palestinian rockets have no explosive warheads, now falsely asserts that Israel’s border fence with Gaza is electrified. The Salt Lake Tribune published an Op-Ed by Michael S. Robinson that can best be described as an anti-Semitic rant. Its attacks against “the Jews,” falsehoods demonizing Israel, and calls for “regime change” targeting the Jewish state conform perfectly to the definition of “anti-Semitism” used by the United States and the European Union. CAMERA’s timeline keeps track of the newspaper’s stumbles.

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May 30, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed

Gaza Strip Conflict: Long History Behind Protest at Border …

The border between Gaza and Israel has once again become the focal point for clashes between protesters and Israeli troops, as Palestinians commemorate the anniversary of their expulsion from Israeli land and demand a right to return and the end of the decade-long Israeli blockade on the strip. This weeks demonstrations are the culmination of weeks of protests at the border but how did the location become such a flashpoint? Due in part to its desirable coastal location, the land now known as Gaza has been fought over from time to time for centuries, but the modern conflict over the region dates to 1948. Before that time, the area known today as the Gaza Strip a 140-square-mile stretch of land hugging the Mediterranean coast was under British colonial rule as part of its larger post-World War I Mandate for Palestine. The region had for centuries been home to a Muslim Arab majority and small Jewish and Christian minorities, but as European Jews fled in the years around the Holocaust, the Jewish population grew sharply as did Western support, particularly in the U.S. under President Harry Truman, for the idea of finding a home for the Jewish people. In 1947, a newly formed United Nations approved a plan to partition the region into a Jewish and an Arab state. The Palestinian Arabs, backed by Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt, rejected the plan, as it gave them less than half the land despite their outnumbering Jewish residents two to one. But the leaders of what was to be Israel agreed to it and moved ahead on their own. On May 14, 1948, on the day of Britains departure from the region, Zionist groups lead by David Ben-Gurion declared Israel a state. The first Arab-Israeli war broke out the next day. Egyptian forces set up a base in the town of Gaza and attempted to drive the Israelis back but, by that autumn, the area they controlled around the town was just about 25 miles long and 5 miles wide. When Egypt and Israel reached an armistice in February, the borders of the Gaza strip were drawn up and it remained under Egyptian control. Three quarters of a million Palestinians fled or were expelled from their homes in the land that became Israel during 1948, during a period they call al-Nakba or The Catastrophe. Even though Egypt controlled Gaza, the Palestinian refugees who ended up in the Gaza Strip were not allowed by the government to pass into the rest of Egypt. Having lost their homes and livelihoods, around 500,000 people became dependent on U.N. aid. Gaza remained under Egyptian military rule until the Suez Canal Crisis of 1956, when Egypt nationalized that major shipping route in defiance of Britain and France. Israeli ships were prevented from passing through the canal, and also from using the Tiran Straits linking Israel to the Red Sea. In response, Israel invaded Gaza, occupying the strip for several months before international pressure forced them to give it back to Egypt. Get your history fix in one place: sign up for the weekly TIME History newsletter In June 1967, years of escalating border skirmishes and small-scale guerrilla attacks, exacerbated by the tensions of the Cold War, came to a head in the Six-Day War. Acutely aware of their vulnerable position and with the memory of the Holocaust still fresh, Israel had built a powerful and well-organized military. On the morning of June 5, 1967, anticipating a move from its Arab neighbors, which had just signed a defense pact, Israel launched a stunning preemptive strike, wiping out most of Egypts air force, followed by those of Jordan and Syria in the afternoon. This left the Arab states armies vulnerable and over the next five days of fighting the Israelis expanded their territory dramatically, capturing the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the Golan Heights from Syria and the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan. After 2,000 years of exile, all of Judaisms holy sites were now under Jewish control. Images of Israeli soldiers capturing the Western Wall in Jerusalem became iconic. Some Israeli politicians warned that the size of the new Israel would make future conflict inevitable, but religious Jews believed the capturing of their holy sites was a miracle bestowed by God, which could not be given up. Israel stationed troops in Gaza and began to build settlements in the newly occupied territories, in defiance of international law that prohibits occupiers from settling their people on the land they capture. In Gaza, more than 1 million refugees were left under Israeli rule. The defeat invigorated a fledgling Palestinian national movement, with the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) gained new influence. In 1993, the PLO and Israel signed the Oslo Peace Accords. Israel relinquished control of parts of Gaza and the West Bank to a semi-autonomous government, the Palestinian Authority, in exchange for an agreement to stem violence by Palestinian guerilla groups, including Hamas, which had formed during violent clashes between Palestinians and Israeli troops in 1987. But the Palestinian Authority could not stop the attacks and Israel refused to dismantle its remaining settlements. In 2005, Israel unilaterally withdrew its settlements from Gaza and the following year Hamas, which had established social and educational programs in Gaza, rode a wave of popularity to an election victory. It soon fell into a week-long battle with the ruling party, Fatah, which took control of the West Bank. After Hamas election, Israel imposed a land, air and sea blockade on the strip, which human-rights organizations say has stifled the economy and had devastating effects on life in Gaza. An estimated 80% of the 1.3 million Palestinian refugees in Gaza rely on aid and over half a million live in refugee camps. Sporadic rocket fire and attacks from Hamas and other militant groups in Gaza have been met with several bombing campaigns and land assaults from Israel. Tensions flare every year in the weeks leading up to the anniversary of Nakba day. Organizers of this years protest expect it to be the largest in history. Correction: The original version of this story misstated the length of time Israel occupied the Gaza strip in 1956-57. It was a period of five months, not a year.

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May 30, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Gaza  Comments Closed


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