Archive for the ‘Hitler’ Category

A Life Without Parole Sentence not the Death Penalty for Hitler – City Watch

DEATH PENALTY POLITICS-In a blood-thirsty columnclamoring for faster executions in the United States, John Steele Gordon, a writer specializing in financial and business history, asserts: Had Hitler been captured alive, would anyone have suggested life without parole?

Yes. Me. I would have.

Knowing the exorbitant costs of capital punishment on our judicial system and on our identity as civilized, compassionate, peaceful, justice-loving people had I been alive at the time, I would have recommended a life without parole sentence and not the death penalty for Hitler.

And Im Jewish. Both my parents come from Jewish families; before immigrating to the United States, my paternal grandparents were Jews from Poland and my maternal grandparents were Jews from Germany. My paternal grandfather, Denis Cooper, even fought for the United States Army against Hitler. (He came to the United States around 1938, working and attending George Washington University Law School at night. Once the war broke out, he joined the Army and his duties were wide-ranging; they included interrogating captured Germans, assisting liberated towns in reestablishing local governments, and participating in various de-Nazification efforts. Near the end of the war, my grandfather once captured a small group of German officers by walking into their office and introducing himself as Captain Cooper of the United States Army; then he informed them that they could either surrender to him or wait and surrender to the Russians.)

But Jewish or not, one need not linger long on Gordons hyperbolic Hitler-hypothesis undergirding much of his screed to know that its off-base. As horrific as their crimes have been, theres never been a prisoner on death row in the United States that has ever committed atrocities on the scale of Hitler and there never will be. The crimes of inmates on death row may be demonic in description but, despite the unsubtle attempts of Gordon and other death penalty proponents to cast them as such, death row inmates are not otherworldly demons. As I have written elsewhere, for example, when we talk about a backlog of death row inmates, we are not talking about curtailing an exploding population of coyotes. We are talking about a population of human beings, many of whom suffer from serious mental illness, a frequent byproduct of a childhood where poverty, abuse, violence, and neglect were the norm.

Gordons tenuous reliance on an imagined what if Hitler had been captured alive scenario to argue for expedited state-killing is also undercut by his erroneous claim that the history of the death penalty is one of ever-decreasing cruelty [and] spectacle. As a backdrop for his repugnant and incorrect supposition that lethal injection is humane and not a sick freak show, Gordon reminds us in macabre and disturbingly longing fashion that: The Romans, like all ancient peoples, put criminals to death, and for even petty offenses; Many of the condemned were dispatched by wild animals in the arena; [o]thers were crucified; beheading, hanging, drawing and quartering, and burning at the stake were all common punishments.

Gordon completely ignores the grisly horror of the big jab or stainless steel ride which Ive described in pieces like The death penalty in Alabama: Whats it really like?, Alabamas last execution may have burned a man alive, and When will the United States stop tinkering with the machinery of death? Heck, just last month I wrote a column demanding to know, Is Alabama hiding evidence it tortured its citizens? Guided by an op-ed entitled, The drugs we use for executions can cause immense pain and suffering by David Waisel, an associate professor of anesthesia at Harvard Medical School, I pointed specifically to the lethal injections of Christopher Brooks on January 21, 2016, and that of Ronald Bert Smith on December 8, 2016, as being based on publicly available information botched executions.

But Alabama just executed Tommy Arthur on May 25, right around the witching hour and before the expiration of his death warrant and everything went just dandy, swimmingly and according to protocol or so Alabamas Department of Corrections, John Steele Gordon and perhaps, even you, dear reader might say?

Perhaps. But, maybe the excruciating, cruel and unusual pain Arthur felt and the resultant torment on his body as the lethal drugs saturated his system was sanitized from public view by way of a chemical straightjacket?

Or, maybe, as I wrote after Christopher Brooks troubled execution which at the time was also rosily reported as having gone smoothly perhaps Alabama just got lucky this time? Hard to say, isnt it? As executions around the country demonstrate, killing another human being, even when done by the state, is hardly an exact science.

State-sponsored killing was horrific under the Romans, it was horrific under Hitler, and its horrific now, on any level, in modern times.

Still, the nation and Alabamas rattlesnake rodeo operation continues. In fact, its in high gear with the countrys and Alabamas next execution (and possibly torturous event) just around the corner the execution of Robert Melson scheduled for June 8.

(About the Author: Stephen Cooper is a former D.C. public defender who worked as an assistant federal public defender in Alabama between 2012 and 2015. He has contributed to numerous magazines and newspapers in the United States and overseas. He writes full-time and lives in Woodland Hills, California. Follow him on Twitter @SteveCooperEsq.) Prepped for CityWatch by Linda Abrams.

-cw

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A Life Without Parole Sentence not the Death Penalty for Hitler – City Watch

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EDITORIAL: Trump is not Hitler – The Northwest Florida Daily News

Donald Trump is a lot of things, but hes not Adolf Hitler.

While perusing social media for news tips on a daily basis, we see a lot of nonsensical things. Many of them are political in nature. Most recently, photos of Adolf Hitler beside President Trump have caught our attention.

Fascism has come to America! one meme proclaims.

Heil Trump! blasts another one, referencing the Nazi salute Heil Hitler!

Lets get one thing straight. Trump is our legitimately elected president. He is a family man and a successful global business leader. He isnt a homicidal maniac. To make such ludicrous comparisons is not only an insult to our nations highest office, but to the millions who died under Hitlers tyrannical reign.

We have seen people on social media many of whom we highly respect be caught up in this sensationalism to try and categorize Donald Trump as someone who wants to take over our nation and lead us into fascism.

They spend hours and hours each day sharing rumors about how Trump is going to lock everyone up and throw away the key if we dont step in line and follow his orders.

Whats happening to these good folks? What is making them believe such crazy notions? We honestly dont know, but it scares us.

And dont get us wrong, we dont support all of President Trumps policies. We think he is brash and often says things before thinking about them. And his Twitter account must go. But he is the president, and that office deserves respect from the American people, whether you agree with Trump or not.

During the presidents joint address to Congress earlier this year, many Democrats refused to stand or clap for anything he said. Even when he talked about making America great and strong again, they sat on their hands, refusing to acknowledge that he was even talking.

Cry babies.

How can anyone be against wanting to make our country great again, we ask? And those who say we are already great are correct. We ARE a great nation, but we have many areas on which to improve. We believe our military needs bolstering. We believe our infrastructure needs updates. We believe that America must come first. When we have millions who are homeless, elderly who cannot afford medications and children starving in the streets, how can we justify spending billions overseas?

These are some of Trumps ideas that we can get behind without even batting an eye.

We remain baffled at how so many Americans have such a hatred for Donald Trump and his ideas to make America great again.

Give the man a chance to succeed before tearing him down.

And stop comparing him to Hitler.

This guest editorial is from The Commercial in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, a Daily News sister paper with GateHouse Media.

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‘Hitler bell’ in German village sparks controversy – Deutsche Welle

For decades, the bells at Herxheim am Berg’s oldest church have been ringing in Christmas, Easter and confirmation services. The recent revelation that one of those chimes comes from a Nazi-era relic is making some in the area, situated in the western state of Rhineland-Palatinate, very uncomfortable.

The bronze bell in question, which is over 80 years old, is inscribed with a swastika and the phrase: “Everything for the Fatherland – Adolf Hitler.”

The town website details the history of St. Jacob’s Church, from it’s founding in 1014 to the celebration of its 1,000th anniversary in 2014.

One timeline entry notes that in August 1934, the village school teacher set fire to the church and that by December of the same year, three new bells were placed in the tower.

The “Hitler bell” was one of them, but the website doesn’t mention the swastika or the Nazi inscription. Considering that the bell is ensconced behind thick stone in the belfry, it’s likely that visitors to the town are completely unaware of its presence.

Backlash over continued use

A former organist at the church, Sigrid Peters, only recently learned of the bell’s inscription and is calling for it to be switched off immediately.

The ‘Hitler bell’ is ensconced behind thick stone in the tower at St. Jacob’s Church

“It can’t happen that a baby is baptized and a bell with the words ‘everything for the Fatherland’ is chiming,” she told news agency DPA.

She was also disturbed by the fact that numerous couples around the state of Rhineland-Palatinate come to the picturesque church to get married every year. “They don’t know at all” about the bell, Peters said.

Bell ‘wasn’t a problem before’

The Mayor of Herxheim am Berg, Ronald Becker, told DW that the existence of the bell is common knowledge around the village.

According to Becker, “it was already widely known” among local residents that a bell bearing the name “Adolf Hitler” existed within the stone steeple of the town’s ancient church.

Becker says he doesn’t see a problem with the bell and has the ‘backing of the town’

Becker, who has been mayor for three years, was concise when asked whether or not the bell was problematic.

“There wasn’t a problem before and there won’t be a problem with it in the future, either,” he said.

Becker noted that bell was a “historic relic,” but that it was important to understand and respect the history surrounding it.

The mayoralso dismissed some proposed solutions to classify the bell as a WWII memorial or to install a plaque, informing visitors of the Nazi-inscribed bell’s presence.

He said he doesn’t want Herxheim am Berg to become “a cult site” where people – most likely of the far-wing persuasion – visit the church for the “wrong reasons.”

Since this particular bell doesn’t belong to the church, but rather to the municipality of Herxheim am Berg, politics will ultimately decide the bell’s future. And Becker sees no need to remove it.

“I have the backing of the town,” he explained, adding that Herxheim am Berg’s nearly 800 residents “support me.”

“It is closed in the church tower and it will remain so,” Becker said.

The villa on Berlin’s Wannsee lake was pivotal in planning the Holocaust. 15 members of the Nazi government and the SS Schutzstaffel met here on January 20, 1942 to plan what became known as the “Final Solution,” the deportation and extermination of all Jews in German-occupied territory. In 1992, the villa where the Wannsee Conference was held was turned into a memorial and museum.

The Nazi regime opened the first concentration camp in Dauchau not far from Munich. Just a few weeks after Adolf Hitler came to power it was used by the paramilitary SS “Schutzstaffel” to imprison, torture and kill political opponents to the regime. Dachau also served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi camps that followed.

Nuremberg hosted the biggest Nazi party propaganda rallies from 1933 until the start of the Second World War. The annual Nazi party congress as well as rallies with as many as 200,000 participants took place on the 11-km (4.25 square miles) area. Today, the unfinished Congress Hall building serves as a documentation center and a museum.

The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Lower Saxony was initially established as a prisoner of war camp before becoming a concentration camp. Prisoners too sick to work were brought here from other concentration camps, so many also died of disease. One of the 50,000 killed here was Anne Frank, a Jewish girl who gained international fame posthumously after her diary was published.

The Bendlerblock building in Berlin was the headquarters of a military resistance group. On July 20, 1944, a group of Wehrmacht officers around Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg carried out an assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler that failed. The leaders of the conspiracy were summarily shot the same night in the courtyard of the Bendlerblock, which is today the German Resistance Memorial Center.

From 1941 people with physical and mental disabilities were killed at a psychiatric hospital in Hadamar in Hesse. Declared “undesirables” by the Nazis, some 15,000 people were murdered here by asphyxiation with carbon monoxide or by being injected with lethal drug overdoses. Across Germany some 70,000 were killed as part of the Nazi-euthanasia program. Today Hadamar is a memorial to those victims.

Located next to the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin’s Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe was inaugurated sixty years after the end of World War II on May 10, 2005, and opened to the public two days later. Architect Peter Eisenman created a field with 2,711 concrete slabs. An attached underground “Place of Information” holds the names of all known Jewish Holocaust victims.

Not too far from the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, another concrete memorial honors the thousands of homosexuals persecuted by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. The four-meter high monument, which has a window showing alternately a film of two men or two women kissing, was inaugurated in Berlin’s Tiergarten on May 27, 2008.

Opposite the Reichstag parliament building in Berlin, a park inaugurated in 2012 serves as a memorial to the 500,000 Sinti and Roma people killed by the Nazi regime. Around a memorial pool the poem “Auschwitz” by Roma poet Santino Spinelli is written in English, Germany and Romani: “gaunt face, dead eyes, cold lips, quiet, a broken heart, out of breath, without words, no tears.”

In the 1990s, the artist Gunther Demnig began a project to confront Germany’s Nazi past. Brass-covered concrete cubes were placed in front of the former houses of Nazi victims, providing details on the person as well as the dates of deportation and death, if known. More than 45,000 “Stolpersteine” have been laid in 18 countries in Europe – it’s the world’s largest decentralized Holocaust memorial.

Right next to the “Fhrerbau” where Adolf Hitler had his office, the headquarters of the Nazi Party in Germany were based in the “Brown House” in Munich. A white cube now occupies its former location. A new “Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism” opened on April 30, 2015, 70 years after the liberation of the Nazi regime, uncovering further dark chapters of history.

Author: Max Zander, Ille Simon

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‘Hitler bell’ in German village sparks controversy – Deutsche Welle

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Don’t Worry, Norm Macdonald Fans: ‘Hitler’s Dog’ Was Submitted For Emmy Consideration – Decider


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Don't Worry, Norm Macdonald Fans: 'Hitler's Dog' Was Submitted For Emmy Consideration
Decider
Whether or not that happened again over the weekend remains unclear; what we do know, however, is that Macdonald did delete a tweet that was lightly critical of Netflix, which is the home of his most recent standup special Norm Macdonald: Hitler's Dog, …

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Don’t Worry, Norm Macdonald Fans: ‘Hitler’s Dog’ Was Submitted For Emmy Consideration – Decider

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"Secret Hitler" board game adds Trump administration booster pack – Boing Boing

Secret Hitler is a social deduction game that seems to be a variation on games like Werewolf and Mafia. The design, by artist Mackenzie Schubert, is beautiful.

The majority of players are liberals. If they can learn to trust each other, they have enough votes to control the table and win the game. But some players are fascists. They will say whatever it takes to get elected, enact their agenda, and blame others for the fallout. The liberals must work together to discover the truth before the fascists install their cold-blooded leader and win the game.

They just introduced new cards “featuring Donald Trump and prominent members of his administration,” also drawn by Schubert.

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Brett Gaylor writes, As part of the Mozilla Privacy Arcade project in this years Global Sprint, Mozilla is inviting activists, artists, designers, educators, gamers, storytellers, and technologists of all backgrounds to invent new privacy-themed adventures for the role playing game Cryptomancer.

Role-players, boardgamers, writers, coders, artists, graphic designers, teachers, house-cleaners, lucid dreamers, gym-rats, distance runners, commuters can enjoy over 100 ambient atmospheric loops with names like Orbital Promenade, Lunar Outpost, Testing Chamber and so on.

Games for the Many sends us Put on Your Corbyn Face, A web game where you are challenged to match the emotions of a photo Jeremy Corbyn. Possibly the first web game you play with empathy and emotion.

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"Secret Hitler" board game adds Trump administration booster pack – Boing Boing

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Adolf Hitler – Military Leader, Dictator – Biography.com

Military Leader, Dictator(18891945)

Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He initiated fascist policies that led to World War II and the deaths of at least 11 million people, including the mass murder of an estimated 6 million Jews.

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Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live.

We can never forget that everything Hitler did in Germany was ‘legal.’ (Martin Luther King Jr.)

It is not truth that matters, but victory.

History shows that all conquerors who have allowed their subject races to carry arms have prepared their own downfall by so doing.

Any alliance whose purpose is not the intention to wage war is senseless and useless.

All propaganda has to be popular and has to accommodate itself to the comprehension of the least intelligent of those whom it seeks to reach.

We will meet propaganda with propaganda, terror with terror, and violence with violence.

By shrewd and constant application of propaganda, heaven can be presented to the people as hell and, vice versa, the wretchedest existence as a paradise.

And what nonsense it is to aspire to a Heaven to which, according to the Church’s own teaching, only those have entry who have made a complete failure of life on earth!

But there’s one thing I can predict to eaters of meat, that the world of the future will be vegetarian!

Strength lies not in defense but in attack.

I don’t see much future for the Americans. In my view, it’s a decayed country.

Germany will either be a world power or will not be at all.

I go the way that Providence dictates with the assurance of a sleepwalker.

If you want to shine like sun first you have to burn like it.

Adolf Hitler

Born in Austria in 1889, Adolf Hitler rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party. Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as dictator for the bulk of his time in power. His policies precipitated World War II and led to the genocide known as the Holocaust, which resulted in the deathsof some 6 million Jews and another 5 million noncombatants.With defeat on the horizon, Hitler committed suicide with wife Eva Braun on April 30, 1945, in his Berlin bunker.

Dictator Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889, and was the fourth of six children born to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. As a child, Hitler clashed frequently with his emotionally harsh father, who also didn’t approve of his son’s later interest in fine art as a career. Following the death of his younger brother, Edmund, in 1900, Hitler became detached and introverted. He also showed an early interest in German nationalism, rejecting the authority of Austria-Hungary. This nationalism would become the motivating force of Hitler’s life.

Alois died suddenly in 1903. Two years later, Adolf’s mother allowed her son to drop out of school. After her death in December 1907, he moved to Vienna and worked as a casual laborer and watercolor painter. Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts twice and was rejected both times. Lacking money outside of an orphan’s pension and funds from selling postcards, he stayed in homeless shelters. Hitler later pointed to these years as the time when he first cultivated his anti-Semitism, though there is some debate about this account.

In 1913, Hitler relocated to Munich. At the outbreak of World War I, he applied to serve in the German army. He was accepted in August 1914, though he was still an Austrian citizen. Although Hitler spent much of his time away from the front lines (with some reports that his recollections of his time on the field were generally exaggerated), he was present at a number of significant battles and was wounded at the Somme. He was decorated for bravery, receiving the Iron Cross First Class and the Black Wound Badge.

Hitler became embittered over the collapse of the war effort. The experience reinforced his passionate German patriotism, and he was shocked by Germany’s surrender in 1918. Like other German nationalists, he purportedly believed that the German army had been betrayed by civilian leaders and Marxists. He found the Treaty of Versailles degrading, particularly the demilitarization of the Rhineland and the stipulation that Germany accept responsibility for starting the war.

After World War I, Hitler returned to Munich and continued to work for the military as an intelligence officer. While monitoring the activities of the German Workers Party (DAP), Hitler adopted many of the anti-Semitic, nationalist and anti-Marxist ideas of partyfounder Anton Drexler. Hitler joined the DAP in September 1919.

To increase its appeal, the DAP changed its name to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), often abbreviated to Nazi. Hitler personally designed the party banner, appropriating theswastika symbol and placing it in a white circle on a red background. He soon gained notoriety for his vitriolic speeches against the Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians, Marxists and Jews. In 1921, Hitler replaced Drexler as NSDAP chairman.

Hitler’s fervid beer-hall speeches began attracting regular audiences. Early followers included army captain Ernst Rohm, the head of the Nazi paramilitary organization the Sturmabteilung (SA), which protected meetings and frequently attacked political opponents.

On November 8, 1923, Hitler and the SA stormed a public meetingfeaturing Bavarian prime minister Gustav Kahr at a large beer hall in Munich. Hitler announced that the national revolution had begun and declared the formation of a new government. After a short struggle that led to several deaths, the coup known as the “Beer Hall Putsch” failed.

Hitler was arrested and tried for high treason. He served nine monthsin prison, during which time he dictated most of the first volume of Mein Kampf (“My Struggle”) to his deputy, Rudolf Hess. A work of propaganda and falsehoods, the book laid out Hitler’s plans for transforming German society into one based on race.

With millions unemployed, the Great Depression in Germany provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were ambivalent to the parliamentary republic and increasingly open to extremist options. In 1932, Hitler ran against 84-year-old Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency. Hitler came in second in both rounds of the election, garnering more than 36 percent of the vote in the final count. The resultsestablished Hitler as a strong force in German politics. Hindenburg reluctantly agreed to appoint Hitler as chancellor in order to promote political balance.

Hitler used his position as chancellor to form a de facto legal dictatorship. The Reichstag Fire Decree, announced after a suspicious fire at parliament, suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial. Hitler also engineered the passage of the Enabling Act, which gave his cabinet full legislative powers for a period of four years and allowed for deviations from the constitution.

Having achieved full control over the legislative and executive branches of government, Hitler and his political allies embarked on a systematic suppression of the remaining political opposition. By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into disbanding. On July 14, 1933, Hitler’s Nazi Party was declared the only legal political party in Germany. In October of that year, Hitler ordered Germany’s withdrawal from the League of Nations.

Military opposition was also punished. The demands of the SA for more political and military power led to the Night of the Long Knives, which took place from June 30 to July 2, 1934. Rohm, a perceived rival, and other SA leaders, along with a number of Hitler’s political enemies, were rounded up and shot.

The day before Hindenburg’s death in August 1934, the cabinet had enacted a law abolishing the office of president, combining its powers with those of the chancellor. Hitler thus became head of state as well as head of government and was formally named leader and chancellor. As head of state, Hitler became supreme commander of the armed forces.

From 1933 until the start of the war in 1939, Hitler and his Nazi regime instituted hundreds of laws and regulations to restrict and exclude Jews in society. The Anti-Semitic laws were issued throughout all levels of government, making good on the Nazis pledge to persecute Jews if the party came to power. On April 1, 1933, Hitler implemented a national boycott of Jewish businesses, followed by the introduction of the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service” of April 7, 1933, which was one of the first laws to persecute Jews by excluding them from state service. This was a Nazi implementation of the Aryan Paragraph, a clause calling for the exclusion of Jews and non-Aryans from organizations, employment and eventually all aspects of public life.

In April 1933, additional legislation furthered the persecution of Jews including laws restricting the number of Jewish students at schools and universities,limiting Jews working in medical and legal professions, and revoking the licenses of Jewish tax consultants. In April 1933, the Main Office for Press and Propaganda of the German Student Union called for “Action Against the Un-German Spirit, prompting students to burn more than 25,000 Un-German books, ushering in an era of censorship and Nazi propaganda.In 1934, Jewish actors were forbidden from performing in film or in the theater.

On September 15, 1935, the Reichstag introduced the Nuremberg Laws which defined a “Jew” as anyone with three or four grandparents who were Jewish, regardless of whether the person considered themselves Jewish or observed the religion. The Nuremberg Laws also set forth the “Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour,” which banned marriage between non-Jewish and Jewish Germans; and the Reich Citizenship Law, which deprived “non-Aryans” of the benefits of German citizenship.

Hitler’s eugenic policies also targeted children with physical and developmental disabilities, and later authorized a euthanasia program for disabled adults. His regime also persecuted homosexuals, arresting an estimated 100,000 men from 1933 to 1945, some of whom were imprisoned or sent to concentration camps. At the camps, gay prisonerswere forced to wear pink triangles to identify their homosexuality, which Nazis considered a crime and a disease.

Hitler also promoted anti-smoking campaigns across the country. These campaigns stemmed from Hitler’s self-imposed dietary restrictions, which included abstinence from alcohol and meat. Fueled by fanaticism over what he believed was a superior Aryan race, he encouraged Germans to keep their bodies pure of any intoxicating or unclean substance.

In 1936, Hitler and his regime muted their Anti-Semitic rhetoric and actions when Germanyhosted the Winter and Summer Olympic Games, in an effort toavoid criticism on the world stage and a negative impact on tourism. However, after the Olympics, the Nazi persecution of Jews intensified with the continued “Aryanization” of Jewish businesses, which involved the firing of Jewish workers and takeover by non-Jewish owners.

In 1938, Hitler, along with several other European leaders, signed the Munich Agreement. The treaty ceded the Sudetenland districts to Germany, reversing part of the Versailles Treaty. As a result of the summit, Hitler was named Time magazine’s Man of the Year for 1938. This diplomatic win only whetted his appetite for a renewed German dominance.

The Nazis continued to segregate Jews from German society, banning them from public school, universities, theaters, sports events and “Aryan” zones. Jewish doctors were also barred from treating “Aryan” patients. Jews were required to carry identity cards and, in the fall of 1938, Jewish people had to have their passports stamped with a “J.”

On November 9 and 10, 1938, a wave of violent anti-Jewish pogroms swept Germany, Austria and parts of the Sudetenland. Nazis destroyed synagogues, vandalized Jewish homes, schools and businesses, and close to 100 Jews were murdered. Called Kristallnacht, the “Night of Crystal” or the “Night of Broken Glass,” referring to the broken glass left in the wake of the destruction, the pogroms escalated the Nazi persecution of Jews to another level of brutality and violence. Almost 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to concentration camps, signaling more horrors to come.

On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. In response, Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. Between 1939 and 1945, Nazis and their collaborators were responsible for the deaths of at least 1 million noncombatants, including about six million Jews, representing two-thirds of the Jewish population in Europe. As part of Hitler’s “Final Solution,” the genocide enacted by the regime would come to be known as the Holocaust.

Deaths and mass executions took place in concentration and extermination camps such as Auschwitz-Birkenau, Bergen-Belsen, Dachau and Treblinka, among many others. Other persecuted groups included Poles, communists, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and trade unionists.Prisoners were used as forced laborers for SS construction projects, and in some instances they were forced to build and expand concentration camps. They were subject to starvation, torture and horrific brutalities, including having to endure gruesome and painful medical experiments. Hitler probably never visited the concentration camps and did not speak publicly about the mass killings, but Germans documented the atrocities committed at the campson paper and infilms.

Hitler escalated his military activities in 1940, invading Norway, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Belgium. By July, Hitler ordered bombing raids on the United Kingdom, with the goal of invasion. Germanys formal alliance with Japan and Italy, known collectively as the Axis powers, was agreed upon toward the end of September to deter the United States from supporting and protecting the British.

On June 22, 1941, Hitler violated the 1939 non-aggression pact with Joseph Stalin, sending a massive army of German troops into the Soviet Union. The invading force seized a huge area of Russia before Hitler temporarily halted the invasion and diverted forces to encircle Leningrad and Kiev. The pause allowed the Red Army to regroup and conduct a counteroffensive attack, and the German advance was stopped outside Moscow in December 1941.

On December 7, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Honoring the alliance with Japan, Hitler was now at war against the Allied powers, a coalition that included Britain, the world’s largest empire, led by Prime Minister Winston Churchill; the United States, the world’s greatest financial power, led by President Franklin D. Roosevelt; and the Soviet Union,which had the world’s largest army, commanded by Stalin.

Though initially hoping that he could play the Allies off of one another, Hitler’s military judgment became increasingly erratic, and the Axis powers could not sustain his aggressive and expansive war. In late 1942, German forces failed to seize the Suez Canal, leading to the loss of German control over North Africa. The German army also suffered defeats at the Battle of Stalingrad (1942-43), seen as a turning point in the war, and the Battle of Kursk (1943). On June 6, 1944, on what would come to be known as D-Day, the Western Allied armies landed in northern France. As a result of these significant setbacks, many German officers concluded that defeat was inevitable and that Hitler’s continued rule would result in the destruction of the country. Organized efforts to assassinate the dictator gained traction, and opponents came close in 1944 withthe notorious July Plot,though it ultimately proved unsuccessful.

By early 1945, Hitler realized that Germany was going to lose the war. The Soviets had driven the German army back into Western Europe and the Allies were advancing into Germany from the west. At midnight, going into April 29, 1945, Hitler married his girlfriend, Eva Braun, in a small civil ceremony in his Berlin bunker. Around this time, Hitler was informed of the executionof Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Afraid of falling into the hands of enemy troops, Hitler and Braun committed suicide the day after their wedding, on April 30, 1945. Their bodies were carried to abombed-out areaoutside ofthe Reich Chancellery, where they were burned.

Berlin fell on May 2, 1945. Five days later, on May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered unconditionally to the Allies.

Hitler’s political programs had brought about a world war, leaving behind a devastated and impoverished Eastern and Central Europe, including Germany. His policies inflicted human suffering on an unprecedented scale and resulted in the death of tens of millions of people, including more than 20 million in the Soviet Union and six million Jews in Europe. Hitler’s defeat marked the end of Germany’s dominance in European history and the defeat of fascism. A new ideological global conflict, the Cold War, emerged in the aftermath of the devastating violence of World War II.

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Adolf Hitler Biography.com

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June 6, 2017

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Adolf Hitler – Military Leader, Dictator – Biography.com

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ESPN Rehires Singer Previously Fired For Comparing Obama To Hitler – GOOD Magazine

Education and Technology:

Microsoft Learning Tools is software that helps improve reading skills by reducing visual crowding, highlighting words, and reading text aloud, so students can engage with words in a whole new way.

Again?

For more than two decades, fans of Monday Night Football were greeted with Hank Williams Sr.s less talented son, Hank Williams Jr., singing Are you ready for some football, (aka All My Rowdy Friends Are Coming Over Tonight), at thethe start of each broadcast. But,after Barack Obama was elected, Williams Jr.started saying moronic things and it went south for him.

Williams went on Fox and Friends one morning in October of 2011. He told the hosts that Obama and John Boehner meeting on the golf course was like Hitler playing golf with Netanyahu. That comment lefttheFox and Friends hosts dumbfounded. They asked the country singer for clarification. And he yelled that Obama and Joe Biden were the enemy and The Three Stooges.

ESPN dropped Williams three days later, and Monday Night Football has gone without that theme for six years. Nowthe network has decided to rehire him to perform the song once again this season, with one executive telling The Tennessean that people will be really excited to have Williams and the song back.

Back in 2011, when ESPN fired Williams, the network released a statement that said,We have decided to part ways with Hank Williams Jr. We appreciate his contributions over the past years. The success of Monday Night Footballhas always been about the games, and that will continue. Their tune has apparently changed.

When asked if the network was worried about a backlash to their reversal, Stephanie Druley, ESPNs senior vice president of events and studio production, said, Im sure therell be some, but Im not concerned.

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ESPN Rehires Singer Previously Fired For Comparing Obama To Hitler – GOOD Magazine

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Michael Fridjhon – Daily Maverick


Daily Maverick
Michael Fridjhon
Daily Maverick
The Germany that allowed Hitler to come to power had all the trappings of civilisation assuming your focus is art and culture, rather than military strength, and naked ambition fuelled as much by testosterone as greed. Those who try to explain the

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Michael Fridjhon – Daily Maverick

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‘It’s the devil’: Margaret Court says gay activists like Hitler in nasty outburst – 9news.com.au

Australian tennis legend Margaret Court has likened anti-bullying programs such as Safe Schools to the propaganda of Adolf Hitler and Communists, and says her own sport is “full of lesbians”.

Ms Court, a 74-year-old senior pastor at Perth’s Victory Life Church, told 20Twenty Vision Christian Radio’s Neil Johnson on Monday “the mind is a battlefield” and sexuality and gender confusion in children was “the devil”.

“That’s all the devil, we’ll say there is a devil,” she said in an interview which has since been posted on the station’s website.

The ‘confusion’ was created by gay-rights activists, Ms Court said.

“That’s what Hitler did and that’s what Communism did – it got to the mind of the children. And there’s a whole plot in our nation, and in the nations of the world to get to the minds of the children.”

Court – who is one of only two women to win a calendar year grand slam in tennis’s modern era and holds the record for the most grand slam singles titles with 24 – has long been a critic of same-sex marriage, said even in her own sport people were trying to influence younger players.

“Tennis is full of lesbians because even when I was playing there was only a couple there, but those couple took young ones into parties and, things…because they like to be around heroes,” she said.

Ms Court sparked controversy last week when she wrote a letter to The West Australian newspaper saying she would now boycott Qantas “where possible” in protest against the airline’s promotion of same sex marriage.

In response there have been calls for Melbourne Park’s Margaret Court Arena to be renamed, with some current players suggesting a boycott of playing on the court at the 2018 Australian Open, while Tennis Australia said Court’s views on gay rights do not align with the governing body’s.

In her interview Ms Court said some in the media and tennis’s response to her letter was bullying and her Christian views weren’t being heard.

AAP 2017

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‘It’s the devil’: Margaret Court says gay activists like Hitler in nasty outburst – 9news.com.au

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A Life Without Parole Sentence not the Death Penalty for Hitler – City Watch

DEATH PENALTY POLITICS-In a blood-thirsty columnclamoring for faster executions in the United States, John Steele Gordon, a writer specializing in financial and business history, asserts: Had Hitler been captured alive, would anyone have suggested life without parole? Yes. Me. I would have. Knowing the exorbitant costs of capital punishment on our judicial system and on our identity as civilized, compassionate, peaceful, justice-loving people had I been alive at the time, I would have recommended a life without parole sentence and not the death penalty for Hitler. And Im Jewish. Both my parents come from Jewish families; before immigrating to the United States, my paternal grandparents were Jews from Poland and my maternal grandparents were Jews from Germany. My paternal grandfather, Denis Cooper, even fought for the United States Army against Hitler. (He came to the United States around 1938, working and attending George Washington University Law School at night. Once the war broke out, he joined the Army and his duties were wide-ranging; they included interrogating captured Germans, assisting liberated towns in reestablishing local governments, and participating in various de-Nazification efforts. Near the end of the war, my grandfather once captured a small group of German officers by walking into their office and introducing himself as Captain Cooper of the United States Army; then he informed them that they could either surrender to him or wait and surrender to the Russians.) But Jewish or not, one need not linger long on Gordons hyperbolic Hitler-hypothesis undergirding much of his screed to know that its off-base. As horrific as their crimes have been, theres never been a prisoner on death row in the United States that has ever committed atrocities on the scale of Hitler and there never will be. The crimes of inmates on death row may be demonic in description but, despite the unsubtle attempts of Gordon and other death penalty proponents to cast them as such, death row inmates are not otherworldly demons. As I have written elsewhere, for example, when we talk about a backlog of death row inmates, we are not talking about curtailing an exploding population of coyotes. We are talking about a population of human beings, many of whom suffer from serious mental illness, a frequent byproduct of a childhood where poverty, abuse, violence, and neglect were the norm. Gordons tenuous reliance on an imagined what if Hitler had been captured alive scenario to argue for expedited state-killing is also undercut by his erroneous claim that the history of the death penalty is one of ever-decreasing cruelty [and] spectacle. As a backdrop for his repugnant and incorrect supposition that lethal injection is humane and not a sick freak show, Gordon reminds us in macabre and disturbingly longing fashion that: The Romans, like all ancient peoples, put criminals to death, and for even petty offenses; Many of the condemned were dispatched by wild animals in the arena; [o]thers were crucified; beheading, hanging, drawing and quartering, and burning at the stake were all common punishments. Gordon completely ignores the grisly horror of the big jab or stainless steel ride which Ive described in pieces like The death penalty in Alabama: Whats it really like?, Alabamas last execution may have burned a man alive, and When will the United States stop tinkering with the machinery of death? Heck, just last month I wrote a column demanding to know, Is Alabama hiding evidence it tortured its citizens? Guided by an op-ed entitled, The drugs we use for executions can cause immense pain and suffering by David Waisel, an associate professor of anesthesia at Harvard Medical School, I pointed specifically to the lethal injections of Christopher Brooks on January 21, 2016, and that of Ronald Bert Smith on December 8, 2016, as being based on publicly available information botched executions. But Alabama just executed Tommy Arthur on May 25, right around the witching hour and before the expiration of his death warrant and everything went just dandy, swimmingly and according to protocol or so Alabamas Department of Corrections, John Steele Gordon and perhaps, even you, dear reader might say? Perhaps. But, maybe the excruciating, cruel and unusual pain Arthur felt and the resultant torment on his body as the lethal drugs saturated his system was sanitized from public view by way of a chemical straightjacket? Or, maybe, as I wrote after Christopher Brooks troubled execution which at the time was also rosily reported as having gone smoothly perhaps Alabama just got lucky this time? Hard to say, isnt it? As executions around the country demonstrate, killing another human being, even when done by the state, is hardly an exact science. State-sponsored killing was horrific under the Romans, it was horrific under Hitler, and its horrific now, on any level, in modern times. Still, the nation and Alabamas rattlesnake rodeo operation continues. In fact, its in high gear with the countrys and Alabamas next execution (and possibly torturous event) just around the corner the execution of Robert Melson scheduled for June 8. (About the Author: Stephen Cooper is a former D.C. public defender who worked as an assistant federal public defender in Alabama between 2012 and 2015. He has contributed to numerous magazines and newspapers in the United States and overseas. He writes full-time and lives in Woodland Hills, California. Follow him on Twitter @SteveCooperEsq.) Prepped for CityWatch by Linda Abrams. -cw

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EDITORIAL: Trump is not Hitler – The Northwest Florida Daily News

Donald Trump is a lot of things, but hes not Adolf Hitler. While perusing social media for news tips on a daily basis, we see a lot of nonsensical things. Many of them are political in nature. Most recently, photos of Adolf Hitler beside President Trump have caught our attention. Fascism has come to America! one meme proclaims. Heil Trump! blasts another one, referencing the Nazi salute Heil Hitler! Lets get one thing straight. Trump is our legitimately elected president. He is a family man and a successful global business leader. He isnt a homicidal maniac. To make such ludicrous comparisons is not only an insult to our nations highest office, but to the millions who died under Hitlers tyrannical reign. We have seen people on social media many of whom we highly respect be caught up in this sensationalism to try and categorize Donald Trump as someone who wants to take over our nation and lead us into fascism. They spend hours and hours each day sharing rumors about how Trump is going to lock everyone up and throw away the key if we dont step in line and follow his orders. Whats happening to these good folks? What is making them believe such crazy notions? We honestly dont know, but it scares us. And dont get us wrong, we dont support all of President Trumps policies. We think he is brash and often says things before thinking about them. And his Twitter account must go. But he is the president, and that office deserves respect from the American people, whether you agree with Trump or not. During the presidents joint address to Congress earlier this year, many Democrats refused to stand or clap for anything he said. Even when he talked about making America great and strong again, they sat on their hands, refusing to acknowledge that he was even talking. Cry babies. How can anyone be against wanting to make our country great again, we ask? And those who say we are already great are correct. We ARE a great nation, but we have many areas on which to improve. We believe our military needs bolstering. We believe our infrastructure needs updates. We believe that America must come first. When we have millions who are homeless, elderly who cannot afford medications and children starving in the streets, how can we justify spending billions overseas? These are some of Trumps ideas that we can get behind without even batting an eye. We remain baffled at how so many Americans have such a hatred for Donald Trump and his ideas to make America great again. Give the man a chance to succeed before tearing him down. And stop comparing him to Hitler. This guest editorial is from The Commercial in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, a Daily News sister paper with GateHouse Media.

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‘Hitler bell’ in German village sparks controversy – Deutsche Welle

For decades, the bells at Herxheim am Berg’s oldest church have been ringing in Christmas, Easter and confirmation services. The recent revelation that one of those chimes comes from a Nazi-era relic is making some in the area, situated in the western state of Rhineland-Palatinate, very uncomfortable. The bronze bell in question, which is over 80 years old, is inscribed with a swastika and the phrase: “Everything for the Fatherland – Adolf Hitler.” The town website details the history of St. Jacob’s Church, from it’s founding in 1014 to the celebration of its 1,000th anniversary in 2014. One timeline entry notes that in August 1934, the village school teacher set fire to the church and that by December of the same year, three new bells were placed in the tower. The “Hitler bell” was one of them, but the website doesn’t mention the swastika or the Nazi inscription. Considering that the bell is ensconced behind thick stone in the belfry, it’s likely that visitors to the town are completely unaware of its presence. Backlash over continued use A former organist at the church, Sigrid Peters, only recently learned of the bell’s inscription and is calling for it to be switched off immediately. The ‘Hitler bell’ is ensconced behind thick stone in the tower at St. Jacob’s Church “It can’t happen that a baby is baptized and a bell with the words ‘everything for the Fatherland’ is chiming,” she told news agency DPA. She was also disturbed by the fact that numerous couples around the state of Rhineland-Palatinate come to the picturesque church to get married every year. “They don’t know at all” about the bell, Peters said. Bell ‘wasn’t a problem before’ The Mayor of Herxheim am Berg, Ronald Becker, told DW that the existence of the bell is common knowledge around the village. According to Becker, “it was already widely known” among local residents that a bell bearing the name “Adolf Hitler” existed within the stone steeple of the town’s ancient church. Becker says he doesn’t see a problem with the bell and has the ‘backing of the town’ Becker, who has been mayor for three years, was concise when asked whether or not the bell was problematic. “There wasn’t a problem before and there won’t be a problem with it in the future, either,” he said. Becker noted that bell was a “historic relic,” but that it was important to understand and respect the history surrounding it. The mayoralso dismissed some proposed solutions to classify the bell as a WWII memorial or to install a plaque, informing visitors of the Nazi-inscribed bell’s presence. He said he doesn’t want Herxheim am Berg to become “a cult site” where people – most likely of the far-wing persuasion – visit the church for the “wrong reasons.” Since this particular bell doesn’t belong to the church, but rather to the municipality of Herxheim am Berg, politics will ultimately decide the bell’s future. And Becker sees no need to remove it. “I have the backing of the town,” he explained, adding that Herxheim am Berg’s nearly 800 residents “support me.” “It is closed in the church tower and it will remain so,” Becker said. The villa on Berlin’s Wannsee lake was pivotal in planning the Holocaust. 15 members of the Nazi government and the SS Schutzstaffel met here on January 20, 1942 to plan what became known as the “Final Solution,” the deportation and extermination of all Jews in German-occupied territory. In 1992, the villa where the Wannsee Conference was held was turned into a memorial and museum. The Nazi regime opened the first concentration camp in Dauchau not far from Munich. Just a few weeks after Adolf Hitler came to power it was used by the paramilitary SS “Schutzstaffel” to imprison, torture and kill political opponents to the regime. Dachau also served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi camps that followed. Nuremberg hosted the biggest Nazi party propaganda rallies from 1933 until the start of the Second World War. The annual Nazi party congress as well as rallies with as many as 200,000 participants took place on the 11-km (4.25 square miles) area. Today, the unfinished Congress Hall building serves as a documentation center and a museum. The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Lower Saxony was initially established as a prisoner of war camp before becoming a concentration camp. Prisoners too sick to work were brought here from other concentration camps, so many also died of disease. One of the 50,000 killed here was Anne Frank, a Jewish girl who gained international fame posthumously after her diary was published. The Bendlerblock building in Berlin was the headquarters of a military resistance group. On July 20, 1944, a group of Wehrmacht officers around Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg carried out an assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler that failed. The leaders of the conspiracy were summarily shot the same night in the courtyard of the Bendlerblock, which is today the German Resistance Memorial Center. From 1941 people with physical and mental disabilities were killed at a psychiatric hospital in Hadamar in Hesse. Declared “undesirables” by the Nazis, some 15,000 people were murdered here by asphyxiation with carbon monoxide or by being injected with lethal drug overdoses. Across Germany some 70,000 were killed as part of the Nazi-euthanasia program. Today Hadamar is a memorial to those victims. Located next to the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin’s Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe was inaugurated sixty years after the end of World War II on May 10, 2005, and opened to the public two days later. Architect Peter Eisenman created a field with 2,711 concrete slabs. An attached underground “Place of Information” holds the names of all known Jewish Holocaust victims. Not too far from the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, another concrete memorial honors the thousands of homosexuals persecuted by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. The four-meter high monument, which has a window showing alternately a film of two men or two women kissing, was inaugurated in Berlin’s Tiergarten on May 27, 2008. Opposite the Reichstag parliament building in Berlin, a park inaugurated in 2012 serves as a memorial to the 500,000 Sinti and Roma people killed by the Nazi regime. Around a memorial pool the poem “Auschwitz” by Roma poet Santino Spinelli is written in English, Germany and Romani: “gaunt face, dead eyes, cold lips, quiet, a broken heart, out of breath, without words, no tears.” In the 1990s, the artist Gunther Demnig began a project to confront Germany’s Nazi past. Brass-covered concrete cubes were placed in front of the former houses of Nazi victims, providing details on the person as well as the dates of deportation and death, if known. More than 45,000 “Stolpersteine” have been laid in 18 countries in Europe – it’s the world’s largest decentralized Holocaust memorial. Right next to the “Fhrerbau” where Adolf Hitler had his office, the headquarters of the Nazi Party in Germany were based in the “Brown House” in Munich. A white cube now occupies its former location. A new “Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism” opened on April 30, 2015, 70 years after the liberation of the Nazi regime, uncovering further dark chapters of history. Author: Max Zander, Ille Simon

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Don’t Worry, Norm Macdonald Fans: ‘Hitler’s Dog’ Was Submitted For Emmy Consideration – Decider

Decider Don't Worry, Norm Macdonald Fans: ' Hitler's Dog' Was Submitted For Emmy Consideration Decider Whether or not that happened again over the weekend remains unclear; what we do know, however, is that Macdonald did delete a tweet that was lightly critical of Netflix, which is the home of his most recent standup special Norm Macdonald: Hitler's Dog, …

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"Secret Hitler" board game adds Trump administration booster pack – Boing Boing

Secret Hitler is a social deduction game that seems to be a variation on games like Werewolf and Mafia. The design, by artist Mackenzie Schubert, is beautiful. The majority of players are liberals. If they can learn to trust each other, they have enough votes to control the table and win the game. But some players are fascists. They will say whatever it takes to get elected, enact their agenda, and blame others for the fallout. The liberals must work together to discover the truth before the fascists install their cold-blooded leader and win the game. They just introduced new cards “featuring Donald Trump and prominent members of his administration,” also drawn by Schubert. report this ad Brett Gaylor writes, As part of the Mozilla Privacy Arcade project in this years Global Sprint, Mozilla is inviting activists, artists, designers, educators, gamers, storytellers, and technologists of all backgrounds to invent new privacy-themed adventures for the role playing game Cryptomancer. Role-players, boardgamers, writers, coders, artists, graphic designers, teachers, house-cleaners, lucid dreamers, gym-rats, distance runners, commuters can enjoy over 100 ambient atmospheric loops with names like Orbital Promenade, Lunar Outpost, Testing Chamber and so on. Games for the Many sends us Put on Your Corbyn Face, A web game where you are challenged to match the emotions of a photo Jeremy Corbyn. Possibly the first web game you play with empathy and emotion. Apple makes it hard to not use iCloud, at least for a few things. Since their cloud storage is baked so deeply into iOS, using iTunes on the desktop to manually move files and backup your device can sometimes feel like an awkward step backwards. To give your iPhone more flexibility to manage large files [] Few things are as relaxing than an afternoon laying around in the sun. But no matter how careful you are, wet towels always seem to track some sand back home with you. The Quicksand Mat eliminates this beach-going annoyance by letting sand easily pass through.Whether you use it as a blanket or a buffer to [] Drones are the perfect way to cheaply shoot aerial video, but it can be difficult to accurately point its camera when your view is limited to a tiny smartphone screen. This quadcopter offers a first-person view of the action in immersive 3D, so you can frame your shots as if you were flying.The Micro Drone [] report this ad

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Adolf Hitler – Military Leader, Dictator – Biography.com

Military Leader, Dictator(18891945) Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He initiated fascist policies that led to World War II and the deaths of at least 11 million people, including the mass murder of an estimated 6 million Jews. 1 of 15 quotes Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live. We can never forget that everything Hitler did in Germany was ‘legal.’ (Martin Luther King Jr.) It is not truth that matters, but victory. History shows that all conquerors who have allowed their subject races to carry arms have prepared their own downfall by so doing. Any alliance whose purpose is not the intention to wage war is senseless and useless. All propaganda has to be popular and has to accommodate itself to the comprehension of the least intelligent of those whom it seeks to reach. We will meet propaganda with propaganda, terror with terror, and violence with violence. By shrewd and constant application of propaganda, heaven can be presented to the people as hell and, vice versa, the wretchedest existence as a paradise. And what nonsense it is to aspire to a Heaven to which, according to the Church’s own teaching, only those have entry who have made a complete failure of life on earth! But there’s one thing I can predict to eaters of meat, that the world of the future will be vegetarian! Strength lies not in defense but in attack. I don’t see much future for the Americans. In my view, it’s a decayed country. Germany will either be a world power or will not be at all. I go the way that Providence dictates with the assurance of a sleepwalker. If you want to shine like sun first you have to burn like it. Adolf Hitler Born in Austria in 1889, Adolf Hitler rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party. Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as dictator for the bulk of his time in power. His policies precipitated World War II and led to the genocide known as the Holocaust, which resulted in the deathsof some 6 million Jews and another 5 million noncombatants.With defeat on the horizon, Hitler committed suicide with wife Eva Braun on April 30, 1945, in his Berlin bunker. Dictator Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889, and was the fourth of six children born to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. As a child, Hitler clashed frequently with his emotionally harsh father, who also didn’t approve of his son’s later interest in fine art as a career. Following the death of his younger brother, Edmund, in 1900, Hitler became detached and introverted. He also showed an early interest in German nationalism, rejecting the authority of Austria-Hungary. This nationalism would become the motivating force of Hitler’s life. Alois died suddenly in 1903. Two years later, Adolf’s mother allowed her son to drop out of school. After her death in December 1907, he moved to Vienna and worked as a casual laborer and watercolor painter. Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts twice and was rejected both times. Lacking money outside of an orphan’s pension and funds from selling postcards, he stayed in homeless shelters. Hitler later pointed to these years as the time when he first cultivated his anti-Semitism, though there is some debate about this account. In 1913, Hitler relocated to Munich. At the outbreak of World War I, he applied to serve in the German army. He was accepted in August 1914, though he was still an Austrian citizen. Although Hitler spent much of his time away from the front lines (with some reports that his recollections of his time on the field were generally exaggerated), he was present at a number of significant battles and was wounded at the Somme. He was decorated for bravery, receiving the Iron Cross First Class and the Black Wound Badge. Hitler became embittered over the collapse of the war effort. The experience reinforced his passionate German patriotism, and he was shocked by Germany’s surrender in 1918. Like other German nationalists, he purportedly believed that the German army had been betrayed by civilian leaders and Marxists. He found the Treaty of Versailles degrading, particularly the demilitarization of the Rhineland and the stipulation that Germany accept responsibility for starting the war. After World War I, Hitler returned to Munich and continued to work for the military as an intelligence officer. While monitoring the activities of the German Workers Party (DAP), Hitler adopted many of the anti-Semitic, nationalist and anti-Marxist ideas of partyfounder Anton Drexler. Hitler joined the DAP in September 1919. To increase its appeal, the DAP changed its name to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), often abbreviated to Nazi. Hitler personally designed the party banner, appropriating theswastika symbol and placing it in a white circle on a red background. He soon gained notoriety for his vitriolic speeches against the Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians, Marxists and Jews. In 1921, Hitler replaced Drexler as NSDAP chairman. Hitler’s fervid beer-hall speeches began attracting regular audiences. Early followers included army captain Ernst Rohm, the head of the Nazi paramilitary organization the Sturmabteilung (SA), which protected meetings and frequently attacked political opponents. On November 8, 1923, Hitler and the SA stormed a public meetingfeaturing Bavarian prime minister Gustav Kahr at a large beer hall in Munich. Hitler announced that the national revolution had begun and declared the formation of a new government. After a short struggle that led to several deaths, the coup known as the “Beer Hall Putsch” failed. Hitler was arrested and tried for high treason. He served nine monthsin prison, during which time he dictated most of the first volume of Mein Kampf (“My Struggle”) to his deputy, Rudolf Hess. A work of propaganda and falsehoods, the book laid out Hitler’s plans for transforming German society into one based on race. With millions unemployed, the Great Depression in Germany provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were ambivalent to the parliamentary republic and increasingly open to extremist options. In 1932, Hitler ran against 84-year-old Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency. Hitler came in second in both rounds of the election, garnering more than 36 percent of the vote in the final count. The resultsestablished Hitler as a strong force in German politics. Hindenburg reluctantly agreed to appoint Hitler as chancellor in order to promote political balance. Hitler used his position as chancellor to form a de facto legal dictatorship. The Reichstag Fire Decree, announced after a suspicious fire at parliament, suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial. Hitler also engineered the passage of the Enabling Act, which gave his cabinet full legislative powers for a period of four years and allowed for deviations from the constitution. Having achieved full control over the legislative and executive branches of government, Hitler and his political allies embarked on a systematic suppression of the remaining political opposition. By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into disbanding. On July 14, 1933, Hitler’s Nazi Party was declared the only legal political party in Germany. In October of that year, Hitler ordered Germany’s withdrawal from the League of Nations. Military opposition was also punished. The demands of the SA for more political and military power led to the Night of the Long Knives, which took place from June 30 to July 2, 1934. Rohm, a perceived rival, and other SA leaders, along with a number of Hitler’s political enemies, were rounded up and shot. The day before Hindenburg’s death in August 1934, the cabinet had enacted a law abolishing the office of president, combining its powers with those of the chancellor. Hitler thus became head of state as well as head of government and was formally named leader and chancellor. As head of state, Hitler became supreme commander of the armed forces. From 1933 until the start of the war in 1939, Hitler and his Nazi regime instituted hundreds of laws and regulations to restrict and exclude Jews in society. The Anti-Semitic laws were issued throughout all levels of government, making good on the Nazis pledge to persecute Jews if the party came to power. On April 1, 1933, Hitler implemented a national boycott of Jewish businesses, followed by the introduction of the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service” of April 7, 1933, which was one of the first laws to persecute Jews by excluding them from state service. This was a Nazi implementation of the Aryan Paragraph, a clause calling for the exclusion of Jews and non-Aryans from organizations, employment and eventually all aspects of public life. In April 1933, additional legislation furthered the persecution of Jews including laws restricting the number of Jewish students at schools and universities,limiting Jews working in medical and legal professions, and revoking the licenses of Jewish tax consultants. In April 1933, the Main Office for Press and Propaganda of the German Student Union called for “Action Against the Un-German Spirit, prompting students to burn more than 25,000 Un-German books, ushering in an era of censorship and Nazi propaganda.In 1934, Jewish actors were forbidden from performing in film or in the theater. On September 15, 1935, the Reichstag introduced the Nuremberg Laws which defined a “Jew” as anyone with three or four grandparents who were Jewish, regardless of whether the person considered themselves Jewish or observed the religion. The Nuremberg Laws also set forth the “Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour,” which banned marriage between non-Jewish and Jewish Germans; and the Reich Citizenship Law, which deprived “non-Aryans” of the benefits of German citizenship. Hitler’s eugenic policies also targeted children with physical and developmental disabilities, and later authorized a euthanasia program for disabled adults. His regime also persecuted homosexuals, arresting an estimated 100,000 men from 1933 to 1945, some of whom were imprisoned or sent to concentration camps. At the camps, gay prisonerswere forced to wear pink triangles to identify their homosexuality, which Nazis considered a crime and a disease. Hitler also promoted anti-smoking campaigns across the country. These campaigns stemmed from Hitler’s self-imposed dietary restrictions, which included abstinence from alcohol and meat. Fueled by fanaticism over what he believed was a superior Aryan race, he encouraged Germans to keep their bodies pure of any intoxicating or unclean substance. In 1936, Hitler and his regime muted their Anti-Semitic rhetoric and actions when Germanyhosted the Winter and Summer Olympic Games, in an effort toavoid criticism on the world stage and a negative impact on tourism. However, after the Olympics, the Nazi persecution of Jews intensified with the continued “Aryanization” of Jewish businesses, which involved the firing of Jewish workers and takeover by non-Jewish owners. In 1938, Hitler, along with several other European leaders, signed the Munich Agreement. The treaty ceded the Sudetenland districts to Germany, reversing part of the Versailles Treaty. As a result of the summit, Hitler was named Time magazine’s Man of the Year for 1938. This diplomatic win only whetted his appetite for a renewed German dominance. The Nazis continued to segregate Jews from German society, banning them from public school, universities, theaters, sports events and “Aryan” zones. Jewish doctors were also barred from treating “Aryan” patients. Jews were required to carry identity cards and, in the fall of 1938, Jewish people had to have their passports stamped with a “J.” On November 9 and 10, 1938, a wave of violent anti-Jewish pogroms swept Germany, Austria and parts of the Sudetenland. Nazis destroyed synagogues, vandalized Jewish homes, schools and businesses, and close to 100 Jews were murdered. Called Kristallnacht, the “Night of Crystal” or the “Night of Broken Glass,” referring to the broken glass left in the wake of the destruction, the pogroms escalated the Nazi persecution of Jews to another level of brutality and violence. Almost 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to concentration camps, signaling more horrors to come. On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. In response, Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. Between 1939 and 1945, Nazis and their collaborators were responsible for the deaths of at least 1 million noncombatants, including about six million Jews, representing two-thirds of the Jewish population in Europe. As part of Hitler’s “Final Solution,” the genocide enacted by the regime would come to be known as the Holocaust. Deaths and mass executions took place in concentration and extermination camps such as Auschwitz-Birkenau, Bergen-Belsen, Dachau and Treblinka, among many others. Other persecuted groups included Poles, communists, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and trade unionists.Prisoners were used as forced laborers for SS construction projects, and in some instances they were forced to build and expand concentration camps. They were subject to starvation, torture and horrific brutalities, including having to endure gruesome and painful medical experiments. Hitler probably never visited the concentration camps and did not speak publicly about the mass killings, but Germans documented the atrocities committed at the campson paper and infilms. Hitler escalated his military activities in 1940, invading Norway, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Belgium. By July, Hitler ordered bombing raids on the United Kingdom, with the goal of invasion. Germanys formal alliance with Japan and Italy, known collectively as the Axis powers, was agreed upon toward the end of September to deter the United States from supporting and protecting the British. On June 22, 1941, Hitler violated the 1939 non-aggression pact with Joseph Stalin, sending a massive army of German troops into the Soviet Union. The invading force seized a huge area of Russia before Hitler temporarily halted the invasion and diverted forces to encircle Leningrad and Kiev. The pause allowed the Red Army to regroup and conduct a counteroffensive attack, and the German advance was stopped outside Moscow in December 1941. On December 7, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Honoring the alliance with Japan, Hitler was now at war against the Allied powers, a coalition that included Britain, the world’s largest empire, led by Prime Minister Winston Churchill; the United States, the world’s greatest financial power, led by President Franklin D. Roosevelt; and the Soviet Union,which had the world’s largest army, commanded by Stalin. Though initially hoping that he could play the Allies off of one another, Hitler’s military judgment became increasingly erratic, and the Axis powers could not sustain his aggressive and expansive war. In late 1942, German forces failed to seize the Suez Canal, leading to the loss of German control over North Africa. The German army also suffered defeats at the Battle of Stalingrad (1942-43), seen as a turning point in the war, and the Battle of Kursk (1943). On June 6, 1944, on what would come to be known as D-Day, the Western Allied armies landed in northern France. As a result of these significant setbacks, many German officers concluded that defeat was inevitable and that Hitler’s continued rule would result in the destruction of the country. Organized efforts to assassinate the dictator gained traction, and opponents came close in 1944 withthe notorious July Plot,though it ultimately proved unsuccessful. By early 1945, Hitler realized that Germany was going to lose the war. The Soviets had driven the German army back into Western Europe and the Allies were advancing into Germany from the west. At midnight, going into April 29, 1945, Hitler married his girlfriend, Eva Braun, in a small civil ceremony in his Berlin bunker. Around this time, Hitler was informed of the executionof Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Afraid of falling into the hands of enemy troops, Hitler and Braun committed suicide the day after their wedding, on April 30, 1945. Their bodies were carried to abombed-out areaoutside ofthe Reich Chancellery, where they were burned. Berlin fell on May 2, 1945. Five days later, on May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. Hitler’s political programs had brought about a world war, leaving behind a devastated and impoverished Eastern and Central Europe, including Germany. His policies inflicted human suffering on an unprecedented scale and resulted in the death of tens of millions of people, including more than 20 million in the Soviet Union and six million Jews in Europe. Hitler’s defeat marked the end of Germany’s dominance in European history and the defeat of fascism. A new ideological global conflict, the Cold War, emerged in the aftermath of the devastating violence of World War II. We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn’t look right, contact us! Adolf Hitler Biography.com Biography.com Editors The Biography.com website June 6, 2017 A&E Television Networks April 27, 2017 n/a

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ESPN Rehires Singer Previously Fired For Comparing Obama To Hitler – GOOD Magazine

Education and Technology: Microsoft Learning Tools is software that helps improve reading skills by reducing visual crowding, highlighting words, and reading text aloud, so students can engage with words in a whole new way. Again? For more than two decades, fans of Monday Night Football were greeted with Hank Williams Sr.s less talented son, Hank Williams Jr., singing Are you ready for some football, (aka All My Rowdy Friends Are Coming Over Tonight), at thethe start of each broadcast. But,after Barack Obama was elected, Williams Jr.started saying moronic things and it went south for him. Williams went on Fox and Friends one morning in October of 2011. He told the hosts that Obama and John Boehner meeting on the golf course was like Hitler playing golf with Netanyahu. That comment lefttheFox and Friends hosts dumbfounded. They asked the country singer for clarification. And he yelled that Obama and Joe Biden were the enemy and The Three Stooges. ESPN dropped Williams three days later, and Monday Night Football has gone without that theme for six years. Nowthe network has decided to rehire him to perform the song once again this season, with one executive telling The Tennessean that people will be really excited to have Williams and the song back. Back in 2011, when ESPN fired Williams, the network released a statement that said,We have decided to part ways with Hank Williams Jr. We appreciate his contributions over the past years. The success of Monday Night Footballhas always been about the games, and that will continue. Their tune has apparently changed. When asked if the network was worried about a backlash to their reversal, Stephanie Druley, ESPNs senior vice president of events and studio production, said, Im sure therell be some, but Im not concerned.

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Michael Fridjhon – Daily Maverick

Daily Maverick Michael Fridjhon Daily Maverick The Germany that allowed Hitler to come to power had all the trappings of civilisation assuming your focus is art and culture, rather than military strength, and naked ambition fuelled as much by testosterone as greed. Those who try to explain the … and more »

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‘It’s the devil’: Margaret Court says gay activists like Hitler in nasty outburst – 9news.com.au

Australian tennis legend Margaret Court has likened anti-bullying programs such as Safe Schools to the propaganda of Adolf Hitler and Communists, and says her own sport is “full of lesbians”. Ms Court, a 74-year-old senior pastor at Perth’s Victory Life Church, told 20Twenty Vision Christian Radio’s Neil Johnson on Monday “the mind is a battlefield” and sexuality and gender confusion in children was “the devil”. “That’s all the devil, we’ll say there is a devil,” she said in an interview which has since been posted on the station’s website. The ‘confusion’ was created by gay-rights activists, Ms Court said. “That’s what Hitler did and that’s what Communism did – it got to the mind of the children. And there’s a whole plot in our nation, and in the nations of the world to get to the minds of the children.” Court – who is one of only two women to win a calendar year grand slam in tennis’s modern era and holds the record for the most grand slam singles titles with 24 – has long been a critic of same-sex marriage, said even in her own sport people were trying to influence younger players. “Tennis is full of lesbians because even when I was playing there was only a couple there, but those couple took young ones into parties and, things…because they like to be around heroes,” she said. Ms Court sparked controversy last week when she wrote a letter to The West Australian newspaper saying she would now boycott Qantas “where possible” in protest against the airline’s promotion of same sex marriage. In response there have been calls for Melbourne Park’s Margaret Court Arena to be renamed, with some current players suggesting a boycott of playing on the court at the 2018 Australian Open, while Tennis Australia said Court’s views on gay rights do not align with the governing body’s. In her interview Ms Court said some in the media and tennis’s response to her letter was bullying and her Christian views weren’t being heard. AAP 2017 Auto News:2017 Mercedes-AMG E63 S – the one we’ve been waiting for – caradvice.com.au Career news: Three common career progression questions answered- seek.com.au Auto news:New BMW M5 detailed – caradvice.com.au Auto news:Ford Australia vs Holden; who will win the battle on the racetrack? – caradvice.com.au Auto news:Suzuki is Australia’s lovable underdog – caradvice.com.au Auto news:Jaguar’s tough limited-tun XE SW Project 8 sports sedan – caradvice.com.au Auto news:Battle of the V8 Beasts: 5.0L Ford Mustang vs 6.2L Holden Commodore – caradvice.com.au

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