Archive for the ‘Hitler’ Category

Is this Hitler’s secret Argentine bolt-hole? Fuhrer’s loot found behind hidden doorway – Express.co.uk

The amazing find backs long-held claims that Hitler did not die in his bunker in Berlin after committing suicide on April 30 1945 but escaped to South America alongside other senior Nazis.

Last month, Argentinian Police found hidden behind a sliding bookcase a secret door to a room in a property in the Argentine capital, that was stashed with a massive amount of Nazi relics many clearly the personal property of the Fuhrer himself.

The most compelling item of evidence found was a photograph of Hitler holding a magnifying glass alongside the actual magnifying glass.

The items were discovered during a police raid as part of an investigation into stolen artwork.

It is the biggest find of its kind ever seen in Argentina, where many Nazi officials sought refuge.

It included guns, ceremonial knives, military decorations, statues of Hitler a Nazi sundial, silver Ouija board, and items used to indoctrinate children, including harmonicas and puzzles.

A police statement said: We have turned to historians and they told us it is the original magnifying glass.

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ExclusivepixiMedia/Hitler’s Alpi

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Hitler speaks to a little girl visiting Obersalzberg

“We are reaching out to international experts to deepen the investigation.”

Argentine Security Minister Patricia Bullrich said: Our first investigations indicate that these are original pieces, they were found with the original photographs that prove this, it was the method by which they could be commercialised, showing that they were used by the horror, by the Fuhrer.

“There are photos of him with the objects.

She said there were also medical devices and added: “There are objects to measure heads that was the logic of the Aryan race.

Investigators want to establish how they entered the country.

We have turned to historians and they told us it is the original magnifying glass.

Police spokesman

It is documented that high-ranking Nazis fled to Argentina and other south American countries to escape punishment for war crimes in Europe.

They included sick Josef Mengele, the SS officer and physician based at Auschwitz.

He was known as the Angel of Death due to twisted experiments he carried out on inmates.

He lived in Buenos Aires for a decade, while other Nazi leaders faced trial.

He died in 1979 in the Brazilian city of Bertioga after having a stroke while swimming.

Last year, the book Hitler in Exile by Abel Basti put forward a conspiracy theory that Hitler also evaded justice by fleeing to Argentina, and then onto Paraguay to live under the protection of dictator Alfredo Stroessner.

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The book claimed Hitler died on February 3, 1971 in Paraguay, and wealthy families who helped him over the years were responsible for the organisation of his funeral.

Hitler was buried in an underground bunker, which is now an elegant hotel in the city of Asuncion, it was claimed.

Mr Basti claims another man may have been left in the Berlin bunker as the Allied forces moved across the German capital leaving Hitler free to escape through a tunnel to the Templhof Airport and into a waiting helicopter to Spain or the Canary Islands before making the journey to Argentina by submarine.

Speaking to Sputnik, the historian said: “There was an agreement with the US that Hitler would run away and that he shouldn’t fall into the hands of the Soviet Union.

“This also applies to many scientists, the military and spies who later took part in the struggle against the Soviet regime.

In 1973, the entrance to the bunker was sealed, and 40 people came to say goodbye to Hitler.

“One of those who attended [the funeral], Brazilian servicemen Fernando Nogueira de Araujo, then told a newspaper about the ceremony.

Using declassified FBI documents the historian found a report dated September 4, 1944 which said: Argentina kept silent in spite of all the accusations that it became a destination for Hitler, which he reached either flying 7,375 miles from Berlin on the plane, which was built specifically for this purpose, or as a passenger on a submarine.”

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Is this Hitler’s secret Argentine bolt-hole? Fuhrer’s loot found behind hidden doorway – Express.co.uk

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Four paintings by Hitler fetch 7500 pounds at auction – Outlook India

London, Jul 9 Four paintings created by the German dictator Adolf Hitler, have been sold for a total of 7,500 pounds – much lower than the estimated price – at an auction in the UK.

The works of art all bear the signature ‘A Hitler’, and are dated in the early 1900s, according to the Mullocks auction house in the UK.

The paintings had been expected to fetch between 5,000 and 7,000 pounds each.

The signed works included one depicting a rural lakeside scene; a water-colour painting depicting a church within castle; an oil painting showing a lake side house with mountainous background, and another water-colour painting of a town and river scene.

The paintings were sold for 1,600, 1,500, 2,400 and 2,000 pounds respectively.

An unsigned painting, that shows the grave of Hilter’s half-niece Geli Raubel and is widely thought to have been made by the Nazi leader, remained unsold.

Hitler was romantically involved with Raubel, who committed suicide in 1931 with his pistol.

“We have sold Hitler’s paintings in previous sales, ranging between 600 and 1,200 pounds,” said Ben Jones, consultant at Mullocks auction house.

Hitler is estimated to have created between 2,000 and 3,000 drawings, watercolours and oil paintings in his lifetime.

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Four paintings by Hitler fetch 7500 pounds at auction – Outlook India

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The Adolf Hitler painting that could be hiding a grave secret about … – Mirror.co.uk

A sickly picture of a tomb, said to have been painted by Adolf Hitler, provides a sinister link between the Nazi leader and the niece with whom he was rumoured to be having an illicit affair.

The Fhrer was reportedly heartbroken when Geli Raubal fell victim to a bullet from his own Walther pistol.

Officially it was suicide. But some historians believe he murdered her to keep their affair quiet.

The unsigned artwork showing Gelis resting place in the Central Cemetery in Vienna went up for sale today.

Ben Jones of auctioneers Mullocks said: Its controversial but it is history at the end of the day.

Geli was the daughter of Hitlers half-sister Angela Raubal and 19 years younger than him.

The relationship began in 1925 when Angela became housekeeper at his mountain retreat and brought her two girls.

Geli was a spirited, flirtatious 17-year-old who called him Uncle Alf. It is not clear whether the relationship was sexual.

But in September 1931 they were heard having a row. The next day, Geli, then 23, was found lying face down with a single bullet lodged in her lung.

Hitler was devastated and several times visited the grave depicted in the picture. It failed to attract a buyer at todays sale in Ludlow, Shrops.

Four other paintings all signed “A Hitler” and valued between 5,000 and 7,000 also went unsold.

Auctioneer Mr Jones said it was the second time they had tried to sell the five pictures. He added: They didnt go five years ago and have been in our office ever since.

But four other paintings attributed to Hitler were snapped up for 7,500.

Mr Jones said: Ive been asked, Who collects this? But people can do what they want behind closed doors.

Most of Hitlers paintings were done before the First World War when he was destitute in Vienna. By the time Geli died he was 15 months away from becoming Chancellor.

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State rightfully seized Adolf Hitler’s first home, Austrian high court rules – Jewish Telegraphic Agency

The house where Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria, April 10, 2016. (Evangelos Vlasopoulos/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

(JTA) Austrias highest court ruled the statehad full authority to dispossess the home where Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was born.

The Austrian Constitutional Court ruled Friday that the governments seizure of the home in December was in the public interest, proportionate, and not without compensation and is thus not unconstitutional, The Associated Press reported.

The Decemberdecision came after theGerman border town of Braunau and later the national government spent years tryingto purchase the home from its owners in an attempt to prevent the site from becoming a shrine for neo-Nazis.

The building at 15 Salzburger Vorstadt St. is listed as a historical landmark, though Hitlers name does not appear on it. Razing the building would negate the countrys Nazi past, an expert commission has said.

Gerlinde Pommers family has owned the house where Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, for more than a century. The town has tried for decades to purchase the building.

The ministry had rented the home for decades and sublet it to charitable organizations. The house, which draws neo-Nazi visitors, especially on the anniversary of Hitlers birth, has stood empty since 2011 after the owner refused to authorize needed renovations.

Pommer had challenged the seizure of the home, saying the purchase offers were too low, according to AP. She can now appeal the case to the European Court of Human Rights.

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Austrian Court: Government’s Seizure of Hitler’s Birth Home Is Constitutional – Tablet Magazine

Austrian police officers walk by the house where Adolf Hitler was born during the anti-Nazi protest in Braunau Am Inn, Austria, April 18, 2015.(Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images)

But plans for the buildings future remain unclear

July 3, 2017 2:45 PM

Another chapter has closed in the ownership saga of Hitlers vacant birth home, which was seized last year by the Austrian government from its longtime owner, Gerlinde Pommer, who had refused to sell it. Last week, the AP reported that the Austrian Constitutional court, the countrys top court,ruledthat the governments seizure of the property was constitutional. (Pommer will continue to receive compensation). The government believes that the building, which is located in the town of Braunau am Inn on thenorthwest border with Germany, has the potential to become a Nazi pilgrimage site.

According to a press release (via Jurist), the governments measures, ruled the court, arenecessary todeprive it of its symbolic poweran act that can only be taken if the Republic of Austria obtains full power of disposal of the property. The lawyer representing Pommer argued that the appeal of the home as a pilgrimage site would still appeal, especially given that plans for the buildings future are still not in place.

Previous: What Should Austria do With Hitlers Vacant Birth House? Hitlers Birth Home May Not Be Demolished After All Austria To Seize Hitlers Birth Home

Jonathan Zalman, a staff editor, runs The Scroll, Tablet’s news blog.

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Austrian Court: Government’s Seizure of Hitler’s Birth Home Is Constitutional – Tablet Magazine

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Austrian high court: State rightfully seized Adolf Hitler’s first home – Jewish Telegraphic Agency

The house where Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria, April 10, 2016. (Evangelos Vlasopoulos/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

(JTA) Austrias highest court ruled the statehad full authority to dispossess the home where Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was born.

The government decision in December 2016 came after theGerman border town of Braunau and later the national government spent years tryingto purchase the home from its owners in an attempt to prevent the site from becoming a shrine for neo-Nazis.

The Austrian Constitutional Court ruled Friday that the governments seizure of the home was in the public interest, proportionate, and not without compensation and is thus not unconstitutional, The Associated Press reported.

The building at 15 Salzburger Vorstadt St. is listed as a historical landmark, though Hitlers name does not appear on it. Razing the building would negate the countrys Nazi past, an expert commission has said.

Gerlinde Pommers family has owned the house where Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, for more than a century. The town has tried for decades to purchase the building.

The ministry had rented the home for decades and sublet it to charitable organizations. The house, which draws neo-Nazi visitors, especially on the anniversary of Hitlers birth, has stood empty since 2011 after the owner refused to authorize needed renovations.

Pommer had challenged the seizure of the home, saying the purchase offers were too low, according to the AP. She can now appeal the case to the European Court of Human Rights.

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Austrian high court: State rightfully seized Adolf Hitler’s first home – Jewish Telegraphic Agency

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The Strange Tale of Two Irishmen Who Fought for Hitler – OZY

The Battle of Berlin, where Hitlers dying military machine tried to stave off the onslaught of Stalins Red Army, was a bloody affair. Millions of soldiers fought, and hundreds of thousands of them died. Two who survived, though, were James Brady and Frank Stringer, Irish soliders fighting for the Third Reichs Waffen-SS.

Prior to the outbreak of war, and during the war itself, the Republic of Ireland by then less than two decades old found itself wedged between the rise of Nazism and Irelands historically prickly relationship with the United Kingdom. There were pro- and anti-fascist strains and IRA concerns in Ireland, so neutrality seemed the safest bet, which is what Ireland officially pursued throughout the conflict. But in its heart?

Most historians agree that there was no such thing as absolute neutrality, and that everyone in the know realized whose side Ireland was neutral on, says Bryce Evans, associate professor of history and politics at Liverpool Hope University, referring to the Allies. Thousands of Irishmen strengthened the Allied cause by joining the British forces, Evans says, or by aiding war efforts in other ways.

The popular reaction to those who sympathized with the Nazi cause was in many cases a benign indifference [in Ireland].

Bryce Evans, associate professor of history and politics, Liverpool Hope University

In 1938, Irishmen James Brady and Frank Stringer signed up for the Royal Irish Fusiliers in the British Army. In 1940, after being posted to Guernsey in the English Channel, the two were denied service in a pub. A rough-and-tumble night destroying property and beating the tar out of a local policeman ensued, and destiny was about to send the two men tumbling down a dark, Nazi-burrowed rabbit hole.

Germany occupied the demilitarized Channel Islands in 1940 while Brady and Stringer were serving out their sentences for that night of drunken violence. Despite still being active British soldiers, the pair were handed over to the Wehrmacht by the Guernsey Police, says Terence OReilly, author of Hitlers Irishmen.

The men eventually landed in Brandenburg, Germany, at Camp Friesack, which had been set up to win Irish soldiers over to the German cause. A British officer advised his fellow prisoners of war to pretend to volunteer for the Abwehr [a German military espionage group], OReilly says, with the stipulation that they hand themselves over to the British as soon as they could. In September 1941, Stringer and another soldier offered to work with the Abwehr and left camp to train. Brady was initially chosen for a sabotage mission (to be dropped in by parachute) in the Belfast shipyards, but German distrust of their Irish recruits led to the mission being scrubbed. In 1942, the remaining Irish prisoners were shipped off to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Yet the luck of the Irish loosely interpreted through a wartime lens held for Brady and Stringer. The two men were reunited and worked as farm laborers in northern Germany until 1943, when both were offered the chance to join the Waffen-SS, basically Germanys foreign legion. They said the equivalent of jawohl, and left farm life behind.

Before Brady and Stringer had been captured by the Germans, other Irishmen had consorted with the Nazis, including literary figures like Francis Stuart and republicans like Frank Ryan, Evans says. And while the popular reaction to those who sympathized with the Nazi cause was in many cases a benign indifference [in Ireland], Evans continues, Brady and Stringer, who swore oaths of allegiance to Hitler and completed training with the Waffen-SS in occupied Alsace-Lorraine, were about to do a hell of lot more than merely consort.

Whether they joined the Waffen-SS to relieve the boredom of POW life, or had succumbed to Nazi propaganda, Brady and Stringer had now officially become German soldiers. They were soon scooped up into the 502nd SS Jger Battalion, a Nazi special forces unit composed mostly of foreign recruits and run by Otto Skorzeny, an Austrian lieutenant colonel who had freed Mussolini from captivity in a daring rescue operation in 1943, and had an exceptional talent for infiltrating enemy lines.

Brady in particular proved an enthusiastic commando, OReilly says. He participated in clandestine, behind-the-lines operations like Operation Landfried in Romania, a raid on Budapest, defending the Schwedt bridgehead against Soviet forces in 1945 and even the Battle of Berlin, witnessing firsthand the death throes of Nazi Germany.

In 1946, long after hostilities had ended, Brady surrendered to the British in Berlin. In London, he was court-martialed and sentenced to 15 years in prison, but his sentence was later reduced due to mitigating factors, not least the fact that the British Army had abandoned him to the Germans in 1940, OReilly says.

You must remember that the ethic of Irish neutrality was so strong that the press was not allowed to report on the war in any way deemed partisan to either side, Evans explains. But when German atrocities eventually did come to light, Irish ambivalence toward, or even sympathy for Nazism began to fade although conflicted feelings about the war and England, demonstrated by violent conflicts over Northern Ireland for decades to come, remained.

By the early 1950s, Brady and Stringer were back in Ireland as free men. Stringer immigrated to Britain shortly thereafter, where the British police kept an eye on him for a while, OReilly says. But Stringer maintained a low profile, soon vanishing into history. James Brady a name likely assumed as a pseudonym for British military service slipped into obscurity as well. Upon Bradys return to Ireland, it seems he took up his true identity again, and refrained from bragging about his wartime adventures with the Nazi SS. But that didnt change the fact that one wild night on Guernsey, and a subsequent career in the Waffen-SS, had changed the course of these Irishmens lives forever.

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The Strange Tale of Two Irishmen Who Fought for Hitler – OZY

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Five paintings by Adolf Hitler to go under the hammer in UK – Economic Times

LONDON: Four paintings created by the German dictator Adolf Hitler, along with an unsigned piece thought to painted by the Nazi leader, is set to be auctioned in the UK.

The four works of art for auction all bear the signature ‘A Hitler,’ and two of the paintings are dated in the early 1900s, according to the Mullocks auction house in the UK.

Each painting is estimated to fetch between 5,000 and 7,000 pounds.

The signed paintings include a village street scene, an Alpine bouquet with edelweiss, a scene depicting the town gate at Durnstein in Hitler’s native Austria and a still life showing a clock, fruit and flowers.

The unsigned painting, which is oil on canvas, shows the grave of Hilter’s half-niece, Geli Raubel. The Nazi leader was romantically involved with Raubel, who committed suicide in 1931 with his pistol. The painting is thought to have been produced by Hitler.

“We have sold Hitler’s paintings in previous sales, ranging between 600 and 1200 pounds,” said Ben Jones, consultant at Mullocks auction house was quoted as saying by the ‘New York Post’.

“We offer all sorts of items – some with darker history than others – and for whatever reason, it is these items that attract most attention,” he added.

Hitler is estimated to have created between 2,000 and 3,000 drawings, watercolours and oil paintings in his lifetime.

The auction will take place on July 6 in the UK.

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Five paintings by Adolf Hitler to go under the hammer in UK – Economic Times

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This 400-year-old Jewish library survived Hitler and the Inquisition – The Times of Israel

AMSTERDAM (JTA) Livraria Ets Haim is the worlds oldest functioning Jewish library. As such, it is no stranger to the prospect of imminent destruction.

Founded in 1616 by Jews who fled Catholic persecution in Spain and Portugal, the three-room library is adjacent to Amsterdams majestic Portuguese Synagogue in the Dutch capitals center.

The 30,000-volume collection mostly contains manuscripts written by people who fled the Inquisition on the Iberian Peninsula or their descendants. The oldest document is a copy of the Mishneh Torah, the code of Jewish religious law authored by Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, or Maimonides, that dates to 1282. Ets Haims volume is pristine but for the scars left behind by an Inquisition censor, a Jew who had converted to Christianity and singed away entire passages of the book.

Ets Haim as a whole faced a similar fate or worse in 1940, when the Nazis invaded the Netherlands and had 75 percent of its Jews murdered. Yet the Nazis left the Portuguese Synagogue intact, and instead of burning the librarys collection, they shipped the books to Germany. The collection was discovered there, with light damage, after the war, and returned to Amsterdam.

But the Dutch Jewish community lacked the resources to preserve the collection. Library curators determined that the Ets Haim building would need to be renovated thoroughly to ensure the proper conditions, so in 1979 the books were sent to Israel.

Following extensive renovations to the building, which dates to 1675, the collection returned home in 2000. And now, relying upon 21st-century technology, its custodians are determined to make the librarys works accessible to interested parties around the world. The aim, according to Ets Haims curator, Heide Warncke, is to ensure that the knowledge stored between its pages is never lost again.

Staff preparing the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam for a tour, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA)

In 2014, using advanced imaging equipment, the National Library of Israel has partnered with Ets Haim to digitize its entire catalog. And now the partners will make everything available online and for free.

The Jerusalem library will include Ets Haims books in Ktiv, a vast international collection of digitized Hebrew manuscripts that is set to launch in August. The scans from centuries-old stores like Ets Haims are ultra high-resolution files that are resistant to digital decay. For added security, they are stored on several servers worldwide.

Like many Holocaust survivors have in their lives, the books of Ets Haim have demonstrated a remarkable ability to cheat death, said Aviad Stollman, head of collections at the National Library of Israel. But we still need to do our part to ensure this exquisite Jewish library is preserved for centuries to come.

The library is housed in a two-story wooden building with a steep, spiral staircase and two octagonal sky windows that provide defused light. It is open to the public only a handful of times each year during guided tours that typically need to be booked in advance. (Accredited scholars may access the library year-round.)

Cataloger Ruth Peeters, center, telling visitors about the history of the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA)

Warncke said the restrictive policy is meant to protect the books, which are at risk of being damaged by humidity and changes in temperature.

The Ets Haim collection, which in 2003 was added to UNESCOs list of World Heritage items, owes its richness to its genesis from Iberian Jews, she added.

These Jewish immigrants were pioneers in philosophy, innovation, trade and medicine, she said. When they fled the Inquisition, they brought knowledge to the Netherlands on theology, astronomy (as evidenced in Ets Haims Hebrew-language book from the 17th century titled Collection of Astronomical Treatises) and medicine.

One decidedly modern volume, the Dictionary of Maritime Terms, was published in 1780 by the translator David Franco Mendes in Amsterdam, offering entries in Dutch, French, Portuguese and Spanish alongside fine sketches of ship parts. Though his book is secular in essence, Mendes was a prominent member of the Jewish congregation as well as an insurance broker.

Other Sephardic Jews used the relative tolerance they encountered in the Netherlands to resume the study of Jewish texts that had been largely stunted throughout Europe following the Inquisition.

You can see in the books their enthusiasm about being able to reconnect with their Jewish traditions openly

The people who founded Ets Haim and helped it grow had been living under persecution for decades, said Ruth Peeters, a senior cataloger at the library. You can see in the books their enthusiasm about being able to reconnect with their Jewish traditions openly and resume the study of it. Ets Haim is a testament to the cultural revival they led.

At times, this enthusiasm for theological debate tested the borders of acceptability even in the Netherlands, which despite being a relatively tolerant nation was also a deeply religious Christian one. One such publication was the benignly titled book Selected Works by Various Authors. Written in Spanish in the 17th century by Saul Levi Mortera, it contains refutation of the gospels, acts, epistles according to Ets Haim, and arguments against Christianity, according to the Israeli library.

Such explosive publications were kept at Ets Haim as manuscripts and were printed rarely, Warncke said, so as to limit their distribution and avoid angering Dutch society.

This culture of debate among the Jewish community, as well as its exposure to different religions and ideas that an international trading hub provided, produced heretics like the philosophers Baruch Spinoza who was excommunicated by Jews for his atheist musings, possibly because they also offended Christians and Uriel da Costa.

Baruch Spinoza (Wikimedia)

There is no way of knowing for sure, but both men (who died in 1632 and 1640, respectively) may well have frequented Ets Haim to conduct their research, Warncke confirmed.

It was, after all, the largest collection around of Jewish writings, she said.

And while there is no record of Spinozas activity at the library, his father had enrolled him in the Ets Haim seminary, which was Amsterdams first Portuguese Jewish seminary, of which the library was a part.

Another controversial figure did leave an indelible mark on the library: Shabbetai Zevi, the Turkey-born eccentric Jewish luminary who divided the Jewish world with his claim that he was the Messiah. Under duress, he converted to Islam in 1666.

One of Ets Haims most remarkable documents is a letter sent that year to Zevi by 24 Dutch Jews who left the community over their support for Zevis messianic claim. In the three-page Hebrew-language document, they ask for word from their messiah and recount the story of Shabtai Raphael, who was banned from the city over his support for Shabbetai Zevi. The letter never reached the self-proclaimed messiah, probably because he had already converted to Islam when the envoy sent with it reached the Ottoman Empire.

Whereas these documents are well researched, new discoveries are always being made, said Warncke. As an example, she cited a 15th-century authors dedication to his wife a rare tribute for a woman that reflected the progressive nature of Dutch Jewry at the time.

Digitization, she said, is one of the possibilities to make our manuscripts accessible to a bigger audience. That can lead to more knowledge. There are many secrets still to be unlocked.

A researcher working at the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA)

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Is this Hitler’s secret Argentine bolt-hole? Fuhrer’s loot found behind hidden doorway – Express.co.uk

The amazing find backs long-held claims that Hitler did not die in his bunker in Berlin after committing suicide on April 30 1945 but escaped to South America alongside other senior Nazis. Last month, Argentinian Police found hidden behind a sliding bookcase a secret door to a room in a property in the Argentine capital, that was stashed with a massive amount of Nazi relics many clearly the personal property of the Fuhrer himself. The most compelling item of evidence found was a photograph of Hitler holding a magnifying glass alongside the actual magnifying glass. The items were discovered during a police raid as part of an investigation into stolen artwork. It is the biggest find of its kind ever seen in Argentina, where many Nazi officials sought refuge. It included guns, ceremonial knives, military decorations, statues of Hitler a Nazi sundial, silver Ouija board, and items used to indoctrinate children, including harmonicas and puzzles. A police statement said: We have turned to historians and they told us it is the original magnifying glass. GETTY ExclusivepixiMedia/Hitler’s Alpi 1 of 53 Hitler speaks to a little girl visiting Obersalzberg “We are reaching out to international experts to deepen the investigation.” Argentine Security Minister Patricia Bullrich said: Our first investigations indicate that these are original pieces, they were found with the original photographs that prove this, it was the method by which they could be commercialised, showing that they were used by the horror, by the Fuhrer. “There are photos of him with the objects. She said there were also medical devices and added: “There are objects to measure heads that was the logic of the Aryan race. Investigators want to establish how they entered the country. We have turned to historians and they told us it is the original magnifying glass. Police spokesman It is documented that high-ranking Nazis fled to Argentina and other south American countries to escape punishment for war crimes in Europe. They included sick Josef Mengele, the SS officer and physician based at Auschwitz. He was known as the Angel of Death due to twisted experiments he carried out on inmates. He lived in Buenos Aires for a decade, while other Nazi leaders faced trial. He died in 1979 in the Brazilian city of Bertioga after having a stroke while swimming. Last year, the book Hitler in Exile by Abel Basti put forward a conspiracy theory that Hitler also evaded justice by fleeing to Argentina, and then onto Paraguay to live under the protection of dictator Alfredo Stroessner. 1 of 18 The book claimed Hitler died on February 3, 1971 in Paraguay, and wealthy families who helped him over the years were responsible for the organisation of his funeral. Hitler was buried in an underground bunker, which is now an elegant hotel in the city of Asuncion, it was claimed. Mr Basti claims another man may have been left in the Berlin bunker as the Allied forces moved across the German capital leaving Hitler free to escape through a tunnel to the Templhof Airport and into a waiting helicopter to Spain or the Canary Islands before making the journey to Argentina by submarine. Speaking to Sputnik, the historian said: “There was an agreement with the US that Hitler would run away and that he shouldn’t fall into the hands of the Soviet Union. “This also applies to many scientists, the military and spies who later took part in the struggle against the Soviet regime. In 1973, the entrance to the bunker was sealed, and 40 people came to say goodbye to Hitler. “One of those who attended [the funeral], Brazilian servicemen Fernando Nogueira de Araujo, then told a newspaper about the ceremony. Using declassified FBI documents the historian found a report dated September 4, 1944 which said: Argentina kept silent in spite of all the accusations that it became a destination for Hitler, which he reached either flying 7,375 miles from Berlin on the plane, which was built specifically for this purpose, or as a passenger on a submarine.”

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Four paintings by Hitler fetch 7500 pounds at auction – Outlook India

London, Jul 9 Four paintings created by the German dictator Adolf Hitler, have been sold for a total of 7,500 pounds – much lower than the estimated price – at an auction in the UK. The works of art all bear the signature ‘A Hitler’, and are dated in the early 1900s, according to the Mullocks auction house in the UK. The paintings had been expected to fetch between 5,000 and 7,000 pounds each. The signed works included one depicting a rural lakeside scene; a water-colour painting depicting a church within castle; an oil painting showing a lake side house with mountainous background, and another water-colour painting of a town and river scene. The paintings were sold for 1,600, 1,500, 2,400 and 2,000 pounds respectively. An unsigned painting, that shows the grave of Hilter’s half-niece Geli Raubel and is widely thought to have been made by the Nazi leader, remained unsold. Hitler was romantically involved with Raubel, who committed suicide in 1931 with his pistol. “We have sold Hitler’s paintings in previous sales, ranging between 600 and 1,200 pounds,” said Ben Jones, consultant at Mullocks auction house. Hitler is estimated to have created between 2,000 and 3,000 drawings, watercolours and oil paintings in his lifetime.

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The Adolf Hitler painting that could be hiding a grave secret about … – Mirror.co.uk

A sickly picture of a tomb, said to have been painted by Adolf Hitler, provides a sinister link between the Nazi leader and the niece with whom he was rumoured to be having an illicit affair. The Fhrer was reportedly heartbroken when Geli Raubal fell victim to a bullet from his own Walther pistol. Officially it was suicide. But some historians believe he murdered her to keep their affair quiet. The unsigned artwork showing Gelis resting place in the Central Cemetery in Vienna went up for sale today. Ben Jones of auctioneers Mullocks said: Its controversial but it is history at the end of the day. Geli was the daughter of Hitlers half-sister Angela Raubal and 19 years younger than him. The relationship began in 1925 when Angela became housekeeper at his mountain retreat and brought her two girls. Geli was a spirited, flirtatious 17-year-old who called him Uncle Alf. It is not clear whether the relationship was sexual. But in September 1931 they were heard having a row. The next day, Geli, then 23, was found lying face down with a single bullet lodged in her lung. Hitler was devastated and several times visited the grave depicted in the picture. It failed to attract a buyer at todays sale in Ludlow, Shrops. Four other paintings all signed “A Hitler” and valued between 5,000 and 7,000 also went unsold. Auctioneer Mr Jones said it was the second time they had tried to sell the five pictures. He added: They didnt go five years ago and have been in our office ever since. But four other paintings attributed to Hitler were snapped up for 7,500. Mr Jones said: Ive been asked, Who collects this? But people can do what they want behind closed doors. Most of Hitlers paintings were done before the First World War when he was destitute in Vienna. By the time Geli died he was 15 months away from becoming Chancellor.

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State rightfully seized Adolf Hitler’s first home, Austrian high court rules – Jewish Telegraphic Agency

The house where Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria, April 10, 2016. (Evangelos Vlasopoulos/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images) (JTA) Austrias highest court ruled the statehad full authority to dispossess the home where Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was born. The Austrian Constitutional Court ruled Friday that the governments seizure of the home in December was in the public interest, proportionate, and not without compensation and is thus not unconstitutional, The Associated Press reported. The Decemberdecision came after theGerman border town of Braunau and later the national government spent years tryingto purchase the home from its owners in an attempt to prevent the site from becoming a shrine for neo-Nazis. The building at 15 Salzburger Vorstadt St. is listed as a historical landmark, though Hitlers name does not appear on it. Razing the building would negate the countrys Nazi past, an expert commission has said. Gerlinde Pommers family has owned the house where Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, for more than a century. The town has tried for decades to purchase the building. The ministry had rented the home for decades and sublet it to charitable organizations. The house, which draws neo-Nazi visitors, especially on the anniversary of Hitlers birth, has stood empty since 2011 after the owner refused to authorize needed renovations. Pommer had challenged the seizure of the home, saying the purchase offers were too low, according to AP. She can now appeal the case to the European Court of Human Rights.

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July 4, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed

Austrian Court: Government’s Seizure of Hitler’s Birth Home Is Constitutional – Tablet Magazine

Austrian police officers walk by the house where Adolf Hitler was born during the anti-Nazi protest in Braunau Am Inn, Austria, April 18, 2015.(Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images) But plans for the buildings future remain unclear July 3, 2017 2:45 PM Another chapter has closed in the ownership saga of Hitlers vacant birth home, which was seized last year by the Austrian government from its longtime owner, Gerlinde Pommer, who had refused to sell it. Last week, the AP reported that the Austrian Constitutional court, the countrys top court,ruledthat the governments seizure of the property was constitutional. (Pommer will continue to receive compensation). The government believes that the building, which is located in the town of Braunau am Inn on thenorthwest border with Germany, has the potential to become a Nazi pilgrimage site. According to a press release (via Jurist), the governments measures, ruled the court, arenecessary todeprive it of its symbolic poweran act that can only be taken if the Republic of Austria obtains full power of disposal of the property. The lawyer representing Pommer argued that the appeal of the home as a pilgrimage site would still appeal, especially given that plans for the buildings future are still not in place. Previous: What Should Austria do With Hitlers Vacant Birth House? Hitlers Birth Home May Not Be Demolished After All Austria To Seize Hitlers Birth Home Jonathan Zalman, a staff editor, runs The Scroll, Tablet’s news blog.

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Austrian high court: State rightfully seized Adolf Hitler’s first home – Jewish Telegraphic Agency

The house where Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria, April 10, 2016. (Evangelos Vlasopoulos/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images) (JTA) Austrias highest court ruled the statehad full authority to dispossess the home where Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was born. The government decision in December 2016 came after theGerman border town of Braunau and later the national government spent years tryingto purchase the home from its owners in an attempt to prevent the site from becoming a shrine for neo-Nazis. The Austrian Constitutional Court ruled Friday that the governments seizure of the home was in the public interest, proportionate, and not without compensation and is thus not unconstitutional, The Associated Press reported. The building at 15 Salzburger Vorstadt St. is listed as a historical landmark, though Hitlers name does not appear on it. Razing the building would negate the countrys Nazi past, an expert commission has said. Gerlinde Pommers family has owned the house where Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, for more than a century. The town has tried for decades to purchase the building. The ministry had rented the home for decades and sublet it to charitable organizations. The house, which draws neo-Nazi visitors, especially on the anniversary of Hitlers birth, has stood empty since 2011 after the owner refused to authorize needed renovations. Pommer had challenged the seizure of the home, saying the purchase offers were too low, according to the AP. She can now appeal the case to the European Court of Human Rights.

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July 3, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed

The Strange Tale of Two Irishmen Who Fought for Hitler – OZY

The Battle of Berlin, where Hitlers dying military machine tried to stave off the onslaught of Stalins Red Army, was a bloody affair. Millions of soldiers fought, and hundreds of thousands of them died. Two who survived, though, were James Brady and Frank Stringer, Irish soliders fighting for the Third Reichs Waffen-SS. Prior to the outbreak of war, and during the war itself, the Republic of Ireland by then less than two decades old found itself wedged between the rise of Nazism and Irelands historically prickly relationship with the United Kingdom. There were pro- and anti-fascist strains and IRA concerns in Ireland, so neutrality seemed the safest bet, which is what Ireland officially pursued throughout the conflict. But in its heart? Most historians agree that there was no such thing as absolute neutrality, and that everyone in the know realized whose side Ireland was neutral on, says Bryce Evans, associate professor of history and politics at Liverpool Hope University, referring to the Allies. Thousands of Irishmen strengthened the Allied cause by joining the British forces, Evans says, or by aiding war efforts in other ways. The popular reaction to those who sympathized with the Nazi cause was in many cases a benign indifference [in Ireland]. Bryce Evans, associate professor of history and politics, Liverpool Hope University In 1938, Irishmen James Brady and Frank Stringer signed up for the Royal Irish Fusiliers in the British Army. In 1940, after being posted to Guernsey in the English Channel, the two were denied service in a pub. A rough-and-tumble night destroying property and beating the tar out of a local policeman ensued, and destiny was about to send the two men tumbling down a dark, Nazi-burrowed rabbit hole. Germany occupied the demilitarized Channel Islands in 1940 while Brady and Stringer were serving out their sentences for that night of drunken violence. Despite still being active British soldiers, the pair were handed over to the Wehrmacht by the Guernsey Police, says Terence OReilly, author of Hitlers Irishmen. The men eventually landed in Brandenburg, Germany, at Camp Friesack, which had been set up to win Irish soldiers over to the German cause. A British officer advised his fellow prisoners of war to pretend to volunteer for the Abwehr [a German military espionage group], OReilly says, with the stipulation that they hand themselves over to the British as soon as they could. In September 1941, Stringer and another soldier offered to work with the Abwehr and left camp to train. Brady was initially chosen for a sabotage mission (to be dropped in by parachute) in the Belfast shipyards, but German distrust of their Irish recruits led to the mission being scrubbed. In 1942, the remaining Irish prisoners were shipped off to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Yet the luck of the Irish loosely interpreted through a wartime lens held for Brady and Stringer. The two men were reunited and worked as farm laborers in northern Germany until 1943, when both were offered the chance to join the Waffen-SS, basically Germanys foreign legion. They said the equivalent of jawohl, and left farm life behind. Before Brady and Stringer had been captured by the Germans, other Irishmen had consorted with the Nazis, including literary figures like Francis Stuart and republicans like Frank Ryan, Evans says. And while the popular reaction to those who sympathized with the Nazi cause was in many cases a benign indifference [in Ireland], Evans continues, Brady and Stringer, who swore oaths of allegiance to Hitler and completed training with the Waffen-SS in occupied Alsace-Lorraine, were about to do a hell of lot more than merely consort. Whether they joined the Waffen-SS to relieve the boredom of POW life, or had succumbed to Nazi propaganda, Brady and Stringer had now officially become German soldiers. They were soon scooped up into the 502nd SS Jger Battalion, a Nazi special forces unit composed mostly of foreign recruits and run by Otto Skorzeny, an Austrian lieutenant colonel who had freed Mussolini from captivity in a daring rescue operation in 1943, and had an exceptional talent for infiltrating enemy lines. Brady in particular proved an enthusiastic commando, OReilly says. He participated in clandestine, behind-the-lines operations like Operation Landfried in Romania, a raid on Budapest, defending the Schwedt bridgehead against Soviet forces in 1945 and even the Battle of Berlin, witnessing firsthand the death throes of Nazi Germany. In 1946, long after hostilities had ended, Brady surrendered to the British in Berlin. In London, he was court-martialed and sentenced to 15 years in prison, but his sentence was later reduced due to mitigating factors, not least the fact that the British Army had abandoned him to the Germans in 1940, OReilly says. You must remember that the ethic of Irish neutrality was so strong that the press was not allowed to report on the war in any way deemed partisan to either side, Evans explains. But when German atrocities eventually did come to light, Irish ambivalence toward, or even sympathy for Nazism began to fade although conflicted feelings about the war and England, demonstrated by violent conflicts over Northern Ireland for decades to come, remained. By the early 1950s, Brady and Stringer were back in Ireland as free men. Stringer immigrated to Britain shortly thereafter, where the British police kept an eye on him for a while, OReilly says. But Stringer maintained a low profile, soon vanishing into history. James Brady a name likely assumed as a pseudonym for British military service slipped into obscurity as well. Upon Bradys return to Ireland, it seems he took up his true identity again, and refrained from bragging about his wartime adventures with the Nazi SS. But that didnt change the fact that one wild night on Guernsey, and a subsequent career in the Waffen-SS, had changed the course of these Irishmens lives forever.

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Five paintings by Adolf Hitler to go under the hammer in UK – Economic Times

LONDON: Four paintings created by the German dictator Adolf Hitler, along with an unsigned piece thought to painted by the Nazi leader, is set to be auctioned in the UK. The four works of art for auction all bear the signature ‘A Hitler,’ and two of the paintings are dated in the early 1900s, according to the Mullocks auction house in the UK. Each painting is estimated to fetch between 5,000 and 7,000 pounds. The signed paintings include a village street scene, an Alpine bouquet with edelweiss, a scene depicting the town gate at Durnstein in Hitler’s native Austria and a still life showing a clock, fruit and flowers. The unsigned painting, which is oil on canvas, shows the grave of Hilter’s half-niece, Geli Raubel. The Nazi leader was romantically involved with Raubel, who committed suicide in 1931 with his pistol. The painting is thought to have been produced by Hitler. “We have sold Hitler’s paintings in previous sales, ranging between 600 and 1200 pounds,” said Ben Jones, consultant at Mullocks auction house was quoted as saying by the ‘New York Post’. “We offer all sorts of items – some with darker history than others – and for whatever reason, it is these items that attract most attention,” he added. Hitler is estimated to have created between 2,000 and 3,000 drawings, watercolours and oil paintings in his lifetime. The auction will take place on July 6 in the UK.

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This 400-year-old Jewish library survived Hitler and the Inquisition – The Times of Israel

AMSTERDAM (JTA) Livraria Ets Haim is the worlds oldest functioning Jewish library. As such, it is no stranger to the prospect of imminent destruction. Founded in 1616 by Jews who fled Catholic persecution in Spain and Portugal, the three-room library is adjacent to Amsterdams majestic Portuguese Synagogue in the Dutch capitals center. The 30,000-volume collection mostly contains manuscripts written by people who fled the Inquisition on the Iberian Peninsula or their descendants. The oldest document is a copy of the Mishneh Torah, the code of Jewish religious law authored by Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, or Maimonides, that dates to 1282. Ets Haims volume is pristine but for the scars left behind by an Inquisition censor, a Jew who had converted to Christianity and singed away entire passages of the book. Ets Haim as a whole faced a similar fate or worse in 1940, when the Nazis invaded the Netherlands and had 75 percent of its Jews murdered. Yet the Nazis left the Portuguese Synagogue intact, and instead of burning the librarys collection, they shipped the books to Germany. The collection was discovered there, with light damage, after the war, and returned to Amsterdam. But the Dutch Jewish community lacked the resources to preserve the collection. Library curators determined that the Ets Haim building would need to be renovated thoroughly to ensure the proper conditions, so in 1979 the books were sent to Israel. Following extensive renovations to the building, which dates to 1675, the collection returned home in 2000. And now, relying upon 21st-century technology, its custodians are determined to make the librarys works accessible to interested parties around the world. The aim, according to Ets Haims curator, Heide Warncke, is to ensure that the knowledge stored between its pages is never lost again. Staff preparing the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam for a tour, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA) In 2014, using advanced imaging equipment, the National Library of Israel has partnered with Ets Haim to digitize its entire catalog. And now the partners will make everything available online and for free. The Jerusalem library will include Ets Haims books in Ktiv, a vast international collection of digitized Hebrew manuscripts that is set to launch in August. The scans from centuries-old stores like Ets Haims are ultra high-resolution files that are resistant to digital decay. For added security, they are stored on several servers worldwide. Like many Holocaust survivors have in their lives, the books of Ets Haim have demonstrated a remarkable ability to cheat death, said Aviad Stollman, head of collections at the National Library of Israel. But we still need to do our part to ensure this exquisite Jewish library is preserved for centuries to come. The library is housed in a two-story wooden building with a steep, spiral staircase and two octagonal sky windows that provide defused light. It is open to the public only a handful of times each year during guided tours that typically need to be booked in advance. (Accredited scholars may access the library year-round.) Cataloger Ruth Peeters, center, telling visitors about the history of the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA) Warncke said the restrictive policy is meant to protect the books, which are at risk of being damaged by humidity and changes in temperature. The Ets Haim collection, which in 2003 was added to UNESCOs list of World Heritage items, owes its richness to its genesis from Iberian Jews, she added. These Jewish immigrants were pioneers in philosophy, innovation, trade and medicine, she said. When they fled the Inquisition, they brought knowledge to the Netherlands on theology, astronomy (as evidenced in Ets Haims Hebrew-language book from the 17th century titled Collection of Astronomical Treatises) and medicine. One decidedly modern volume, the Dictionary of Maritime Terms, was published in 1780 by the translator David Franco Mendes in Amsterdam, offering entries in Dutch, French, Portuguese and Spanish alongside fine sketches of ship parts. Though his book is secular in essence, Mendes was a prominent member of the Jewish congregation as well as an insurance broker. Other Sephardic Jews used the relative tolerance they encountered in the Netherlands to resume the study of Jewish texts that had been largely stunted throughout Europe following the Inquisition. You can see in the books their enthusiasm about being able to reconnect with their Jewish traditions openly The people who founded Ets Haim and helped it grow had been living under persecution for decades, said Ruth Peeters, a senior cataloger at the library. You can see in the books their enthusiasm about being able to reconnect with their Jewish traditions openly and resume the study of it. Ets Haim is a testament to the cultural revival they led. At times, this enthusiasm for theological debate tested the borders of acceptability even in the Netherlands, which despite being a relatively tolerant nation was also a deeply religious Christian one. One such publication was the benignly titled book Selected Works by Various Authors. Written in Spanish in the 17th century by Saul Levi Mortera, it contains refutation of the gospels, acts, epistles according to Ets Haim, and arguments against Christianity, according to the Israeli library. Such explosive publications were kept at Ets Haim as manuscripts and were printed rarely, Warncke said, so as to limit their distribution and avoid angering Dutch society. This culture of debate among the Jewish community, as well as its exposure to different religions and ideas that an international trading hub provided, produced heretics like the philosophers Baruch Spinoza who was excommunicated by Jews for his atheist musings, possibly because they also offended Christians and Uriel da Costa. Baruch Spinoza (Wikimedia) There is no way of knowing for sure, but both men (who died in 1632 and 1640, respectively) may well have frequented Ets Haim to conduct their research, Warncke confirmed. It was, after all, the largest collection around of Jewish writings, she said. And while there is no record of Spinozas activity at the library, his father had enrolled him in the Ets Haim seminary, which was Amsterdams first Portuguese Jewish seminary, of which the library was a part. Another controversial figure did leave an indelible mark on the library: Shabbetai Zevi, the Turkey-born eccentric Jewish luminary who divided the Jewish world with his claim that he was the Messiah. Under duress, he converted to Islam in 1666. One of Ets Haims most remarkable documents is a letter sent that year to Zevi by 24 Dutch Jews who left the community over their support for Zevis messianic claim. In the three-page Hebrew-language document, they ask for word from their messiah and recount the story of Shabtai Raphael, who was banned from the city over his support for Shabbetai Zevi. The letter never reached the self-proclaimed messiah, probably because he had already converted to Islam when the envoy sent with it reached the Ottoman Empire. Whereas these documents are well researched, new discoveries are always being made, said Warncke. As an example, she cited a 15th-century authors dedication to his wife a rare tribute for a woman that reflected the progressive nature of Dutch Jewry at the time. Digitization, she said, is one of the possibilities to make our manuscripts accessible to a bigger audience. That can lead to more knowledge. There are many secrets still to be unlocked. A researcher working at the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA)

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