Archive for the ‘Hitler’ Category

The Strange Tale of Two Irishmen Who Fought for Hitler – OZY

The Battle of Berlin, where Hitlers dying military machine tried to stave off the onslaught of Stalins Red Army, was a bloody affair. Millions of soldiers fought, and hundreds of thousands of them died. Two who survived, though, were James Brady and Frank Stringer, Irish soliders fighting for the Third Reichs Waffen-SS.

Prior to the outbreak of war, and during the war itself, the Republic of Ireland by then less than two decades old found itself wedged between the rise of Nazism and Irelands historically prickly relationship with the United Kingdom. There were pro- and anti-fascist strains and IRA concerns in Ireland, so neutrality seemed the safest bet, which is what Ireland officially pursued throughout the conflict. But in its heart?

Most historians agree that there was no such thing as absolute neutrality, and that everyone in the know realized whose side Ireland was neutral on, says Bryce Evans, associate professor of history and politics at Liverpool Hope University, referring to the Allies. Thousands of Irishmen strengthened the Allied cause by joining the British forces, Evans says, or by aiding war efforts in other ways.

The popular reaction to those who sympathized with the Nazi cause was in many cases a benign indifference [in Ireland].

Bryce Evans, associate professor of history and politics, Liverpool Hope University

In 1938, Irishmen James Brady and Frank Stringer signed up for the Royal Irish Fusiliers in the British Army. In 1940, after being posted to Guernsey in the English Channel, the two were denied service in a pub. A rough-and-tumble night destroying property and beating the tar out of a local policeman ensued, and destiny was about to send the two men tumbling down a dark, Nazi-burrowed rabbit hole.

Germany occupied the demilitarized Channel Islands in 1940 while Brady and Stringer were serving out their sentences for that night of drunken violence. Despite still being active British soldiers, the pair were handed over to the Wehrmacht by the Guernsey Police, says Terence OReilly, author of Hitlers Irishmen.

The men eventually landed in Brandenburg, Germany, at Camp Friesack, which had been set up to win Irish soldiers over to the German cause. A British officer advised his fellow prisoners of war to pretend to volunteer for the Abwehr [a German military espionage group], OReilly says, with the stipulation that they hand themselves over to the British as soon as they could. In September 1941, Stringer and another soldier offered to work with the Abwehr and left camp to train. Brady was initially chosen for a sabotage mission (to be dropped in by parachute) in the Belfast shipyards, but German distrust of their Irish recruits led to the mission being scrubbed. In 1942, the remaining Irish prisoners were shipped off to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Yet the luck of the Irish loosely interpreted through a wartime lens held for Brady and Stringer. The two men were reunited and worked as farm laborers in northern Germany until 1943, when both were offered the chance to join the Waffen-SS, basically Germanys foreign legion. They said the equivalent of jawohl, and left farm life behind.

Before Brady and Stringer had been captured by the Germans, other Irishmen had consorted with the Nazis, including literary figures like Francis Stuart and republicans like Frank Ryan, Evans says. And while the popular reaction to those who sympathized with the Nazi cause was in many cases a benign indifference [in Ireland], Evans continues, Brady and Stringer, who swore oaths of allegiance to Hitler and completed training with the Waffen-SS in occupied Alsace-Lorraine, were about to do a hell of lot more than merely consort.

Whether they joined the Waffen-SS to relieve the boredom of POW life, or had succumbed to Nazi propaganda, Brady and Stringer had now officially become German soldiers. They were soon scooped up into the 502nd SS Jger Battalion, a Nazi special forces unit composed mostly of foreign recruits and run by Otto Skorzeny, an Austrian lieutenant colonel who had freed Mussolini from captivity in a daring rescue operation in 1943, and had an exceptional talent for infiltrating enemy lines.

Brady in particular proved an enthusiastic commando, OReilly says. He participated in clandestine, behind-the-lines operations like Operation Landfried in Romania, a raid on Budapest, defending the Schwedt bridgehead against Soviet forces in 1945 and even the Battle of Berlin, witnessing firsthand the death throes of Nazi Germany.

In 1946, long after hostilities had ended, Brady surrendered to the British in Berlin. In London, he was court-martialed and sentenced to 15 years in prison, but his sentence was later reduced due to mitigating factors, not least the fact that the British Army had abandoned him to the Germans in 1940, OReilly says.

You must remember that the ethic of Irish neutrality was so strong that the press was not allowed to report on the war in any way deemed partisan to either side, Evans explains. But when German atrocities eventually did come to light, Irish ambivalence toward, or even sympathy for Nazism began to fade although conflicted feelings about the war and England, demonstrated by violent conflicts over Northern Ireland for decades to come, remained.

By the early 1950s, Brady and Stringer were back in Ireland as free men. Stringer immigrated to Britain shortly thereafter, where the British police kept an eye on him for a while, OReilly says. But Stringer maintained a low profile, soon vanishing into history. James Brady a name likely assumed as a pseudonym for British military service slipped into obscurity as well. Upon Bradys return to Ireland, it seems he took up his true identity again, and refrained from bragging about his wartime adventures with the Nazi SS. But that didnt change the fact that one wild night on Guernsey, and a subsequent career in the Waffen-SS, had changed the course of these Irishmens lives forever.

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The Strange Tale of Two Irishmen Who Fought for Hitler – OZY

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July 3, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed

Five paintings by Adolf Hitler to go under the hammer in UK – Economic Times

LONDON: Four paintings created by the German dictator Adolf Hitler, along with an unsigned piece thought to painted by the Nazi leader, is set to be auctioned in the UK.

The four works of art for auction all bear the signature ‘A Hitler,’ and two of the paintings are dated in the early 1900s, according to the Mullocks auction house in the UK.

Each painting is estimated to fetch between 5,000 and 7,000 pounds.

The signed paintings include a village street scene, an Alpine bouquet with edelweiss, a scene depicting the town gate at Durnstein in Hitler’s native Austria and a still life showing a clock, fruit and flowers.

The unsigned painting, which is oil on canvas, shows the grave of Hilter’s half-niece, Geli Raubel. The Nazi leader was romantically involved with Raubel, who committed suicide in 1931 with his pistol. The painting is thought to have been produced by Hitler.

“We have sold Hitler’s paintings in previous sales, ranging between 600 and 1200 pounds,” said Ben Jones, consultant at Mullocks auction house was quoted as saying by the ‘New York Post’.

“We offer all sorts of items – some with darker history than others – and for whatever reason, it is these items that attract most attention,” he added.

Hitler is estimated to have created between 2,000 and 3,000 drawings, watercolours and oil paintings in his lifetime.

The auction will take place on July 6 in the UK.

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Five paintings by Adolf Hitler to go under the hammer in UK – Economic Times

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This 400-year-old Jewish library survived Hitler and the Inquisition – The Times of Israel

AMSTERDAM (JTA) Livraria Ets Haim is the worlds oldest functioning Jewish library. As such, it is no stranger to the prospect of imminent destruction.

Founded in 1616 by Jews who fled Catholic persecution in Spain and Portugal, the three-room library is adjacent to Amsterdams majestic Portuguese Synagogue in the Dutch capitals center.

The 30,000-volume collection mostly contains manuscripts written by people who fled the Inquisition on the Iberian Peninsula or their descendants. The oldest document is a copy of the Mishneh Torah, the code of Jewish religious law authored by Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, or Maimonides, that dates to 1282. Ets Haims volume is pristine but for the scars left behind by an Inquisition censor, a Jew who had converted to Christianity and singed away entire passages of the book.

Ets Haim as a whole faced a similar fate or worse in 1940, when the Nazis invaded the Netherlands and had 75 percent of its Jews murdered. Yet the Nazis left the Portuguese Synagogue intact, and instead of burning the librarys collection, they shipped the books to Germany. The collection was discovered there, with light damage, after the war, and returned to Amsterdam.

But the Dutch Jewish community lacked the resources to preserve the collection. Library curators determined that the Ets Haim building would need to be renovated thoroughly to ensure the proper conditions, so in 1979 the books were sent to Israel.

Following extensive renovations to the building, which dates to 1675, the collection returned home in 2000. And now, relying upon 21st-century technology, its custodians are determined to make the librarys works accessible to interested parties around the world. The aim, according to Ets Haims curator, Heide Warncke, is to ensure that the knowledge stored between its pages is never lost again.

Staff preparing the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam for a tour, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA)

In 2014, using advanced imaging equipment, the National Library of Israel has partnered with Ets Haim to digitize its entire catalog. And now the partners will make everything available online and for free.

The Jerusalem library will include Ets Haims books in Ktiv, a vast international collection of digitized Hebrew manuscripts that is set to launch in August. The scans from centuries-old stores like Ets Haims are ultra high-resolution files that are resistant to digital decay. For added security, they are stored on several servers worldwide.

Like many Holocaust survivors have in their lives, the books of Ets Haim have demonstrated a remarkable ability to cheat death, said Aviad Stollman, head of collections at the National Library of Israel. But we still need to do our part to ensure this exquisite Jewish library is preserved for centuries to come.

The library is housed in a two-story wooden building with a steep, spiral staircase and two octagonal sky windows that provide defused light. It is open to the public only a handful of times each year during guided tours that typically need to be booked in advance. (Accredited scholars may access the library year-round.)

Cataloger Ruth Peeters, center, telling visitors about the history of the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA)

Warncke said the restrictive policy is meant to protect the books, which are at risk of being damaged by humidity and changes in temperature.

The Ets Haim collection, which in 2003 was added to UNESCOs list of World Heritage items, owes its richness to its genesis from Iberian Jews, she added.

These Jewish immigrants were pioneers in philosophy, innovation, trade and medicine, she said. When they fled the Inquisition, they brought knowledge to the Netherlands on theology, astronomy (as evidenced in Ets Haims Hebrew-language book from the 17th century titled Collection of Astronomical Treatises) and medicine.

One decidedly modern volume, the Dictionary of Maritime Terms, was published in 1780 by the translator David Franco Mendes in Amsterdam, offering entries in Dutch, French, Portuguese and Spanish alongside fine sketches of ship parts. Though his book is secular in essence, Mendes was a prominent member of the Jewish congregation as well as an insurance broker.

Other Sephardic Jews used the relative tolerance they encountered in the Netherlands to resume the study of Jewish texts that had been largely stunted throughout Europe following the Inquisition.

You can see in the books their enthusiasm about being able to reconnect with their Jewish traditions openly

The people who founded Ets Haim and helped it grow had been living under persecution for decades, said Ruth Peeters, a senior cataloger at the library. You can see in the books their enthusiasm about being able to reconnect with their Jewish traditions openly and resume the study of it. Ets Haim is a testament to the cultural revival they led.

At times, this enthusiasm for theological debate tested the borders of acceptability even in the Netherlands, which despite being a relatively tolerant nation was also a deeply religious Christian one. One such publication was the benignly titled book Selected Works by Various Authors. Written in Spanish in the 17th century by Saul Levi Mortera, it contains refutation of the gospels, acts, epistles according to Ets Haim, and arguments against Christianity, according to the Israeli library.

Such explosive publications were kept at Ets Haim as manuscripts and were printed rarely, Warncke said, so as to limit their distribution and avoid angering Dutch society.

This culture of debate among the Jewish community, as well as its exposure to different religions and ideas that an international trading hub provided, produced heretics like the philosophers Baruch Spinoza who was excommunicated by Jews for his atheist musings, possibly because they also offended Christians and Uriel da Costa.

Baruch Spinoza (Wikimedia)

There is no way of knowing for sure, but both men (who died in 1632 and 1640, respectively) may well have frequented Ets Haim to conduct their research, Warncke confirmed.

It was, after all, the largest collection around of Jewish writings, she said.

And while there is no record of Spinozas activity at the library, his father had enrolled him in the Ets Haim seminary, which was Amsterdams first Portuguese Jewish seminary, of which the library was a part.

Another controversial figure did leave an indelible mark on the library: Shabbetai Zevi, the Turkey-born eccentric Jewish luminary who divided the Jewish world with his claim that he was the Messiah. Under duress, he converted to Islam in 1666.

One of Ets Haims most remarkable documents is a letter sent that year to Zevi by 24 Dutch Jews who left the community over their support for Zevis messianic claim. In the three-page Hebrew-language document, they ask for word from their messiah and recount the story of Shabtai Raphael, who was banned from the city over his support for Shabbetai Zevi. The letter never reached the self-proclaimed messiah, probably because he had already converted to Islam when the envoy sent with it reached the Ottoman Empire.

Whereas these documents are well researched, new discoveries are always being made, said Warncke. As an example, she cited a 15th-century authors dedication to his wife a rare tribute for a woman that reflected the progressive nature of Dutch Jewry at the time.

Digitization, she said, is one of the possibilities to make our manuscripts accessible to a bigger audience. That can lead to more knowledge. There are many secrets still to be unlocked.

A researcher working at the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA)

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This 400-year-old Jewish library survived Hitler and the Inquisition – The Times of Israel

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July 2, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed

Hitler’s paintings to be sold at auction next week – New York Post

The notorious leader of the Nazi party was also an amateur painter.

Four paintings ascribed to Adolf Hitler, as well as an unsigned piece thought to painted by the notorious Fuhrer,will be up for auction next Thursday at the Ludlow Racecourse in Shropshire, England.

The four works of art all bear the signature A. Hitler, and two of the paintings are dated in the early 1900s. Each painting has a price tag between $6,000 and $9,000, according to the Shropshire Star.

The signed paintings include a village street scene, an Alpine bouquet with edelweiss, a scene depicting the town gate at Durnstein in Hitlers native Austria and a still life showing a clock, fruit and flowers.

The unsigned painting up for auction shows the grave of Hitlers half-niece, Geli Raubel. The Nazi leader was romantically involved with Raubel, who committed suicide in 1931 with Hitlers pistol. The painting is thought to have been produced by Hitler.

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The Islanders have a top priority come Saturday, and its…

We have sold [Hitlers] paintings in previous sales, ranging between 600 and 1200 ($800 and $1,500), Ben Jones, a consultant for Mullocks Specialist Auctioneers and Valuers, the company auctioning the paintings next week, told The Post via email. We offer all sorts of items some with darker history than others and for whatever reason, it is these items that attract most attention.

While his paintings have sold for a range of prices, one of Hitlers works of art was sold for nearly $115,000 to a Chinese buyer in 2015.

Hitler is estimated to have created between 2,000 and 3,000 drawings, watercolors and oil paintings in his lifetime. A number of his paintings are on display at The International Museum of World War II in Massachusetts.

Kenneth Rendell, the founder and director of the Museum of World War II, told The Post that the Nazi leaders brush skills wouldnt place him amongst the greats.

They are not good paintings at all, they are very ordinary, he said. Theres no life to them. I think theyre very good at illustrating more of what Hitler was really like.

Rendell said visitors to the museum tend to notice the paintings lack of life. He added that while German propaganda portrayed Hitler as a great figure who loved the young and old, his paintings reveal something different, exposing Hitlers boring and ordinary lifestyle.

To me, they are so ordinary that anyone could do them, Rendell said. If they had been paintedby anyone else, they would have been thrown away a long time ago.

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Hitler’s paintings to be sold at auction next week – New York Post

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Hitler’s House Seizure Backed by Court Amid Nazi Shrine Fears – NBCNews.com

A stone outside Adolf Hitler’s birthplace reads: “For peace, freedom and democracy, never again fascism, millions of dead are a warning.” LEONHARD FOEGER / Reuters

In December, the government said they planned to remodel the building and turn it into a home for disabled people.

“Instead of demolishing history, we want to create an antithesis to the Nazi regime,” Josef Puehringer, governor of the state of Upper Austria, said at the time.

The government, which has been renting the house since 1972, was using it as a center for people with disabilities. But the organization using the building vacated after the owner refused to carry out necessary renovations.

Pommer’s lawyer, Gerhard Lebitsch, told NBC News his client would likely take the case to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.

Lebitsch also said his client had gone to school in Braunau am Inn and had lived in the house for several years.

“There are many personal memories attached to the house,” he said.

Lebitsch separately told reporters his client felt the states purchase offers were too low.

The offers regarding the purchasing price were half-hearted, he said. At best it was the sale value of a regular house. There were never any serious talks. Always everything got blocked.

Andy Eckardt reported from Berlin. Carlo Angerer reported from Warsaw. Saphora Smith reported from London.

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Killing Hitler Isn’t as Easy as It Sounds – VICE

In November of 1939, an ordinary German named Georg Elser tried and failed to kill Adolf Hitler with a homemade explosive device in Munich. That failed attempt, as well as the motivations behind it, are the subject of 13 Minutes, the latest film by Oliver Hirschbiegel. You might recognize the German director’s name from Downfall, a 2004 drama that depicted Hitler’s final days. It was nominated for an Oscar, but is mostly remembered for the climactic scene of Hitler totally losing his shit as he realizes that he’s screwed, which became the source of a fount of early memes.

We talked to Hirschbiegel about why he decided to make another film about Hitler, how he feels about the Downfall memes, and what he thinks about the debate on killing baby Hitler (really).

VICE: Why did you decide to make this film? Oliver Hirschbiegel: I was fascinated by this character, because he was always a bit of a riddle to me. He’s not political, he’s not the follower of an ideology, he grew up in a religious background but he’s not a religious man. What he does comes from an inner conviction that he feels something has to be donethat it’s all going to end in disaster, and if nobody else does something, he has to. There’s not that many examples of that in history. He’s nearly clairvoyantit’s a time when [the Nazis] have attacked Poland, but they haven’t declared war on the rest of the world.

It’s astonishing that he saw clearly what was coming, when the rest of the world was still impressed with Hitler. It’s often forgotten that, until at least 1936 or 1937, Hitler was the most charismatic, powerful figure in politics. At the Olympic games in Berlin, everybody raised their arms to greet Hitlereven the Americans, because Hitler gave work to the people and rebuilt the economy. Everybody was in awe.

Is there something instructive to be found in the film as far as current-day political issues are concerned? The world was very different when I was shooting the film, and it’s always tricky to use historical material to tell people what to think and do. I leave gaps for the audience to come up with their own interpretations. I don’t like films with a message. I treat my audience as intelligent beings and give them a chance to put one and one together.

Given the success and widespread recognition of Downfall, why did you want to return to this subject matter? I didn’t. It’s a very unpleasant subject. I guess I just couldn’t resist the challenge to go back to the beginning and show how Nazism slowly creeps into all corners of societynot just in the big city, but in the countryside. Georg is a fascinating character. I identify with him because I have the same beliefsI never understood the concept of borders, and I was always a curious person believing in freedom of speech. I never understood the concept of racism or anti-Semitism. It’s a totally alien world to me, and it is to him too.

Is Georg’s story well-known in Germany? Now it is. That’s one of the achievements I’m proud of. Elser did not get the recognition he deserved for decades. It took twenty years until he and his people were properly recognized as resistance fighters. The whole system back then was built on the concept of obedience. You obeyed the orders of your superiors, and anybody who didn’t was a traitor.

When the Kent State massacre took place in the US, it took the general public a while to acknowledge that the protesters were victims. Do you think that there’s something about humanity that causes us to have delayed recognition when revolution’s actually taking place? It’s one thing to recognize it and another to actually do something. In a repressive system, even just refusing to become a member of the party causes great harm unto your loved ones. Before you know it, your children aren’t allowed at school anymore and you’re cut off subsidies. Actually doing something in the offensive is taking a great risk, and you need a lot of courage to see it through.

I have the highest respect for somebody like Edward Snowden, who knowingly did what he did because he had to. He felt there was something so wrong and nobody was doing anything about it, so he willingly put his whole life at stake. He knows he will never see his parents or loved ones again, but he sees it through. I admire him tremendously. He’s not a political personit comes from his innermost conviction, just like Elser.

In America last year, there was this very brief national conversation surrounding the question, “If you had the chance to go back in time and kill Hitler when he was a baby, would you?” Some of our presidential candidates weighed in on it. Oh.

When you hear that, what is your reaction? That’s rather shocking. The idea to kill a baby in itself is so absurd that I wouldn’t know how to answer. The way I grew up, my belief is that no human being has the right to take another human being’s lifeand that continues with all the other human rights. Torture’s out of the question. We don’t have the right to do something with one of ours that we would not even do to an animal.

Now, if you go into a situation where there’s a tyrant who causes an obvious threat to possibly thousands of your own people and other people, that’s tyrant slaying. It’s still killing a person, but it’s for the sake of saving many other lives. As the Bible says, it’s just. I would personally still have a big problem with killing somebody, though.

Do you believe in God? Yes, but I’m not religious. I believe there is an entity, a force in the universe everywhere around the world that writes destinythat looks after us. My belief is closer to shamanism, you know? Ancient wisdom is what I believe in, and that quickly leads to common sense. It’s surprising how often common sense is a great help when it comes to conflict in the world. Stay curious, stay awake, don’t stay in your bubble, look to the other side. What’s this person’s reason? Why is he angry at you? What drives him to do that? What can you do to make him stop and think about it? The minute you talk about something, you start a process that most likely prevents aggression. That’s all common sense.

Downfall had a very strange second life on the Internet. I’m proud of that. There’s not a single scene ever been mocked up that many times, ever since we released the film. Basically all of them are tremendously funnylots of creativity goes in there. Just think of Charlie Chaplin in The Great Dictator. What’s the best weapon to fight that kind of repression and joylessness? Laughter. The minute you laugh, you’re in a good way, right?

Do you have a favorite Downfall meme? There were so many, but I loved one that was rather recent, when what’s his namefor Christ’s sake, the now Foreign Minister of the Brits. The key guy supporting Brexit.

Nigel Farage? Nope, the other guy.

Boris Johnson? Boris Johnson! Thank you very much. Ah, Christ, my brain. If you want to have a good laugh, go on the internet and check out that mockup. It’s brilliant. Everything they say there, as ridiculous as it is, it happened like that. He’s losing it, yelling, “What?! We won? We were never supposed to win! What the fuck is going on!” It’s so funny and so true at the same time.

Follow Larry Fitzmaurice on Twitter.

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Killing Hitler Isn’t as Easy as It Sounds – VICE

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Hitler cautions military against invasion of Gbaramatu – Vanguard

By Tare Youdeowei Ijaw leader, Chief Beck Hitler has cautioned the Federal Government and the military against the incessant invasion of Gbaramatu Kingdom in Delta State.

Hitler, who spoke yesterday in Warri, said that the recent military invasion of Oporoza community in Gbaramatu Kingdom, was not proper and called on acting President Yemi Osinbajo, to prevail on the military stop same.

He said, The invasion of Oporoza by the military with gunboats and war aircraft is condemnable and unacceptable, it is pure intimidation and oppression of innocent people of Gbaramatu Kingdom. The people of Gbaramatu are law abiding and peace loving, Gbaramatu is not a war zone, therefore, the Federal Government should stop the military from further invasion of the kingdom.

Gbaramatu Kingdom contributes greatly to the survival of the country, we expect the Federal Government to embark on massive human and infrastructural development in all the communities there, and not the unnecessary military invasion.

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Adolf Hitler is not living in Argentina by the name of Herman … – Metro – Metro

People fell for a spoof article that this was Hitler it is not

People appear to have fallen for a satirical article about Adolf Hitler still being alive and living in Argentina.

To get things clear from the start, hes not. But that hasnt stopped the story being picked up by reputable news sources and shared widely, particularly in South America.

If he was he would be 128 years old six years older than the officially recognised oldest person that ever lived,Jeanne Calment (18751997), who was 122 years and 164 days old when she died.

The report stemmed from a spoof website that said he was living in the country as Herman Gunthenberg after being issued a fake passport by the Gestapo.

It also states that Mr Gunthenberg had revealed his true identity after Mossad (Israels secret service) scaled back its hunt for Nazis last year.

Earlier this year it was claimed thatAdolf Hitler didnt shoot himself in the ruins of Berlin. Instead, he used a secret runway next to his bunker to escape in a military plane.

A new documentary, Hunting Hitler on the History Channel, claims that the Fuhrer was spirited away to a secret military compound in Argentina, where he plotted to rebuild his Reich.

The film-makers say that solid evidence of Hitlers death is lacking and that there are hints that he escaped Berlin alive in 1945.

Other prominent Nazis such as Auschwitzs Angel of Death Josef Mengele were spirited out of Germany by SS officers in the last days of the war.

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Should You Call Someone Hitler? Here’s What the Man Behind Godwin’s Law Thinks – TIME

Adolf Hitler (1889 – 1945) in Munich in the spring of 1932. (Photo by Heinrich Hoffmann/Archive Photos/Getty Images)Heinrich HoffmannGetty Images

The code that runs the World Wide Web was still being written when attorney Mike Godwin came up with a simple law: Sooner or later in any online argument, someone will bring up Hitler .

Today, the 1990 adage known as Godwin’s Law seems more appropriate than ever, as social media has turned civil discourse into a never-ending series of flame wars.

But Godwin, 60, who now serves as a senior fellow at the R Street Institute in Washington, D.C., says that’s an inevitable consequence of free speech . He’d prefer it if people would stop and think before bringing up World War II analogies , but he’s not against it in every single case.

In fact, Godwin recently weighed in when a journalist clapped back at white nationalist Richard Spencer online.

Godwin talked to TIME about how to make internet discourse civil, his newest law and the best way safeguard the internet for its purpose: sharing knowledge.

TIME: So do people mention Godwins law when you use a credit card? I was a celebrity at a bicycle shop for all of twenty minutes after a guy looked at my credit card and said Do you know Godwins law? and I said, Well, Im Godwin. We basically just took selfies. Once, a colleague finally realized it was me. He assumed Godwin was a mythical figure or some dead guy.

It’s obvious you have a pulse on social media where the Hitler comparisons you predicted are rampant. You can’t just chalk that up to Trump right? As far as I know, every President who has been President from the time I got on the internet has been compared by someone to Hitler. People compared President Obama to Hitler. People have forgotten there were pictures of Obama with a Hitler moustache. That talk was crazy.

Im not going to tell people whether to compare Obama or Trump to Hitler. Its the government of the United States, and thats very hard to destroy with a cult of personality because we have a lot of institutional inertia by design.

Would you say Trumps impact makes the comparisons to fascism online more frequent? I think so. Theres always been a general upward trend, peaking at election times. I think President Trumps campaign was so populist and so outside the political establishment that it inspired people to reach for the comparisons because weve never had a President like this come in as a media personality outsider.

Isnt it lazy to go there? Of course it is. If you want to say something more powerful than the last person who disagreed with you said, people volunteer the rhetorical comparisons because they havent thought hard about history and whats different between now and Germany in the 1930s or Cambodia in the 1970s.

When do you believe its a fair shake? I urge people to develop enough perspective to do it thoughtfully. If you think the comparison is valid, and youve given it some thought, do it. All I ask you to do is think about the human beings capable of acting very badly. We have to keep the magnitude of those events in mind, and not be glib. Our society needs to be more humane, more civilized and to grow up.

Any idea how to stop the glib references? A lot of education reform. If I ran the world, I would strengthen both history and scientific education in the United States. If we fostered more self-criticism and self-skepticism, I think that would do much to prevent rhetorical meanness and mean spiritedness on the internet, of which Hitler comparisons are only a tiny part.

We are in mid-adolescence culturally. When you reach adolescence, you’re not fully socialized. If we’re more self-aware, we can use social media with newfound growth and muscles.

Speaking of growth, now that time has passed, do you have amendments to Godwins law or a second law youd propose? Ive suggested another law that has nothing to do with social media. Its about how governments value their ability to do surveillance. Theyve been addicted to it since the telephone. Its very hard to persuade governments using communications network surveillance to stop, so thats why surveillance is like crack cocaine.

When it comes to information people want out there, you fought for the First Amendment to apply to the internet. How do such visible members of the alt right movement shape our national dialogue? Its better for people who espouse ideologies to make their views known. We cant pretend nobody really believes these things and that these impulses are a part of the past and were safe. Things people did years ago are alive and well and people are expressing it so censorship is not typically the right response.

Some of the prominent people are who are pretty awful. I cant imagine how people can say such thing and live with themselves.

Do you believe people should be able to shield themselves from other peoples opinions online? I support anybodys right not to hear speech that causes pain. If theyre blocking other people, thats good. Let them.

Is it OK for the President to block people who criticize him or not? Theres some effort to try to insist that Donald Trump cant personally unblock political dissent. That probably doesnt win, even though I believe in government transparency. I think thats a loser, I think we have a right to speak to him. We dont have a right to insist that the President hear everything. Thats the nature of the office of government. I think if it ever reaches a judgment, the Presidents prerogative to block people from his Twitter will be found to be OK.

Whats the best way to protect the internet as a platform for innovative ideas? There are two ways. International agreements on internet rights and principles to try to push an internet consensus.

And we cant be reflexive on the latest terrible thing we see happen on the internet. If someone says a hateful thing, people will say we should require Twitter to read everyones tweets and ban people, and make it a crime and have the FBI investigate it. We have to be patient because when you have freedom of speech, its 100%. Open societies need to tolerate that people use their freedom badly sometimes.

Originally posted here:

Should You Call Someone Hitler? Here’s What the Man Behind Godwin’s Law Thinks – TIME

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June 29, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed

The Strange Tale of Two Irishmen Who Fought for Hitler – OZY

The Battle of Berlin, where Hitlers dying military machine tried to stave off the onslaught of Stalins Red Army, was a bloody affair. Millions of soldiers fought, and hundreds of thousands of them died. Two who survived, though, were James Brady and Frank Stringer, Irish soliders fighting for the Third Reichs Waffen-SS. Prior to the outbreak of war, and during the war itself, the Republic of Ireland by then less than two decades old found itself wedged between the rise of Nazism and Irelands historically prickly relationship with the United Kingdom. There were pro- and anti-fascist strains and IRA concerns in Ireland, so neutrality seemed the safest bet, which is what Ireland officially pursued throughout the conflict. But in its heart? Most historians agree that there was no such thing as absolute neutrality, and that everyone in the know realized whose side Ireland was neutral on, says Bryce Evans, associate professor of history and politics at Liverpool Hope University, referring to the Allies. Thousands of Irishmen strengthened the Allied cause by joining the British forces, Evans says, or by aiding war efforts in other ways. The popular reaction to those who sympathized with the Nazi cause was in many cases a benign indifference [in Ireland]. Bryce Evans, associate professor of history and politics, Liverpool Hope University In 1938, Irishmen James Brady and Frank Stringer signed up for the Royal Irish Fusiliers in the British Army. In 1940, after being posted to Guernsey in the English Channel, the two were denied service in a pub. A rough-and-tumble night destroying property and beating the tar out of a local policeman ensued, and destiny was about to send the two men tumbling down a dark, Nazi-burrowed rabbit hole. Germany occupied the demilitarized Channel Islands in 1940 while Brady and Stringer were serving out their sentences for that night of drunken violence. Despite still being active British soldiers, the pair were handed over to the Wehrmacht by the Guernsey Police, says Terence OReilly, author of Hitlers Irishmen. The men eventually landed in Brandenburg, Germany, at Camp Friesack, which had been set up to win Irish soldiers over to the German cause. A British officer advised his fellow prisoners of war to pretend to volunteer for the Abwehr [a German military espionage group], OReilly says, with the stipulation that they hand themselves over to the British as soon as they could. In September 1941, Stringer and another soldier offered to work with the Abwehr and left camp to train. Brady was initially chosen for a sabotage mission (to be dropped in by parachute) in the Belfast shipyards, but German distrust of their Irish recruits led to the mission being scrubbed. In 1942, the remaining Irish prisoners were shipped off to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Yet the luck of the Irish loosely interpreted through a wartime lens held for Brady and Stringer. The two men were reunited and worked as farm laborers in northern Germany until 1943, when both were offered the chance to join the Waffen-SS, basically Germanys foreign legion. They said the equivalent of jawohl, and left farm life behind. Before Brady and Stringer had been captured by the Germans, other Irishmen had consorted with the Nazis, including literary figures like Francis Stuart and republicans like Frank Ryan, Evans says. And while the popular reaction to those who sympathized with the Nazi cause was in many cases a benign indifference [in Ireland], Evans continues, Brady and Stringer, who swore oaths of allegiance to Hitler and completed training with the Waffen-SS in occupied Alsace-Lorraine, were about to do a hell of lot more than merely consort. Whether they joined the Waffen-SS to relieve the boredom of POW life, or had succumbed to Nazi propaganda, Brady and Stringer had now officially become German soldiers. They were soon scooped up into the 502nd SS Jger Battalion, a Nazi special forces unit composed mostly of foreign recruits and run by Otto Skorzeny, an Austrian lieutenant colonel who had freed Mussolini from captivity in a daring rescue operation in 1943, and had an exceptional talent for infiltrating enemy lines. Brady in particular proved an enthusiastic commando, OReilly says. He participated in clandestine, behind-the-lines operations like Operation Landfried in Romania, a raid on Budapest, defending the Schwedt bridgehead against Soviet forces in 1945 and even the Battle of Berlin, witnessing firsthand the death throes of Nazi Germany. In 1946, long after hostilities had ended, Brady surrendered to the British in Berlin. In London, he was court-martialed and sentenced to 15 years in prison, but his sentence was later reduced due to mitigating factors, not least the fact that the British Army had abandoned him to the Germans in 1940, OReilly says. You must remember that the ethic of Irish neutrality was so strong that the press was not allowed to report on the war in any way deemed partisan to either side, Evans explains. But when German atrocities eventually did come to light, Irish ambivalence toward, or even sympathy for Nazism began to fade although conflicted feelings about the war and England, demonstrated by violent conflicts over Northern Ireland for decades to come, remained. By the early 1950s, Brady and Stringer were back in Ireland as free men. Stringer immigrated to Britain shortly thereafter, where the British police kept an eye on him for a while, OReilly says. But Stringer maintained a low profile, soon vanishing into history. James Brady a name likely assumed as a pseudonym for British military service slipped into obscurity as well. Upon Bradys return to Ireland, it seems he took up his true identity again, and refrained from bragging about his wartime adventures with the Nazi SS. But that didnt change the fact that one wild night on Guernsey, and a subsequent career in the Waffen-SS, had changed the course of these Irishmens lives forever.

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July 3, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed

Five paintings by Adolf Hitler to go under the hammer in UK – Economic Times

LONDON: Four paintings created by the German dictator Adolf Hitler, along with an unsigned piece thought to painted by the Nazi leader, is set to be auctioned in the UK. The four works of art for auction all bear the signature ‘A Hitler,’ and two of the paintings are dated in the early 1900s, according to the Mullocks auction house in the UK. Each painting is estimated to fetch between 5,000 and 7,000 pounds. The signed paintings include a village street scene, an Alpine bouquet with edelweiss, a scene depicting the town gate at Durnstein in Hitler’s native Austria and a still life showing a clock, fruit and flowers. The unsigned painting, which is oil on canvas, shows the grave of Hilter’s half-niece, Geli Raubel. The Nazi leader was romantically involved with Raubel, who committed suicide in 1931 with his pistol. The painting is thought to have been produced by Hitler. “We have sold Hitler’s paintings in previous sales, ranging between 600 and 1200 pounds,” said Ben Jones, consultant at Mullocks auction house was quoted as saying by the ‘New York Post’. “We offer all sorts of items – some with darker history than others – and for whatever reason, it is these items that attract most attention,” he added. Hitler is estimated to have created between 2,000 and 3,000 drawings, watercolours and oil paintings in his lifetime. The auction will take place on July 6 in the UK.

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This 400-year-old Jewish library survived Hitler and the Inquisition – The Times of Israel

AMSTERDAM (JTA) Livraria Ets Haim is the worlds oldest functioning Jewish library. As such, it is no stranger to the prospect of imminent destruction. Founded in 1616 by Jews who fled Catholic persecution in Spain and Portugal, the three-room library is adjacent to Amsterdams majestic Portuguese Synagogue in the Dutch capitals center. The 30,000-volume collection mostly contains manuscripts written by people who fled the Inquisition on the Iberian Peninsula or their descendants. The oldest document is a copy of the Mishneh Torah, the code of Jewish religious law authored by Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, or Maimonides, that dates to 1282. Ets Haims volume is pristine but for the scars left behind by an Inquisition censor, a Jew who had converted to Christianity and singed away entire passages of the book. Ets Haim as a whole faced a similar fate or worse in 1940, when the Nazis invaded the Netherlands and had 75 percent of its Jews murdered. Yet the Nazis left the Portuguese Synagogue intact, and instead of burning the librarys collection, they shipped the books to Germany. The collection was discovered there, with light damage, after the war, and returned to Amsterdam. But the Dutch Jewish community lacked the resources to preserve the collection. Library curators determined that the Ets Haim building would need to be renovated thoroughly to ensure the proper conditions, so in 1979 the books were sent to Israel. Following extensive renovations to the building, which dates to 1675, the collection returned home in 2000. And now, relying upon 21st-century technology, its custodians are determined to make the librarys works accessible to interested parties around the world. The aim, according to Ets Haims curator, Heide Warncke, is to ensure that the knowledge stored between its pages is never lost again. Staff preparing the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam for a tour, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA) In 2014, using advanced imaging equipment, the National Library of Israel has partnered with Ets Haim to digitize its entire catalog. And now the partners will make everything available online and for free. The Jerusalem library will include Ets Haims books in Ktiv, a vast international collection of digitized Hebrew manuscripts that is set to launch in August. The scans from centuries-old stores like Ets Haims are ultra high-resolution files that are resistant to digital decay. For added security, they are stored on several servers worldwide. Like many Holocaust survivors have in their lives, the books of Ets Haim have demonstrated a remarkable ability to cheat death, said Aviad Stollman, head of collections at the National Library of Israel. But we still need to do our part to ensure this exquisite Jewish library is preserved for centuries to come. The library is housed in a two-story wooden building with a steep, spiral staircase and two octagonal sky windows that provide defused light. It is open to the public only a handful of times each year during guided tours that typically need to be booked in advance. (Accredited scholars may access the library year-round.) Cataloger Ruth Peeters, center, telling visitors about the history of the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA) Warncke said the restrictive policy is meant to protect the books, which are at risk of being damaged by humidity and changes in temperature. The Ets Haim collection, which in 2003 was added to UNESCOs list of World Heritage items, owes its richness to its genesis from Iberian Jews, she added. These Jewish immigrants were pioneers in philosophy, innovation, trade and medicine, she said. When they fled the Inquisition, they brought knowledge to the Netherlands on theology, astronomy (as evidenced in Ets Haims Hebrew-language book from the 17th century titled Collection of Astronomical Treatises) and medicine. One decidedly modern volume, the Dictionary of Maritime Terms, was published in 1780 by the translator David Franco Mendes in Amsterdam, offering entries in Dutch, French, Portuguese and Spanish alongside fine sketches of ship parts. Though his book is secular in essence, Mendes was a prominent member of the Jewish congregation as well as an insurance broker. Other Sephardic Jews used the relative tolerance they encountered in the Netherlands to resume the study of Jewish texts that had been largely stunted throughout Europe following the Inquisition. You can see in the books their enthusiasm about being able to reconnect with their Jewish traditions openly The people who founded Ets Haim and helped it grow had been living under persecution for decades, said Ruth Peeters, a senior cataloger at the library. You can see in the books their enthusiasm about being able to reconnect with their Jewish traditions openly and resume the study of it. Ets Haim is a testament to the cultural revival they led. At times, this enthusiasm for theological debate tested the borders of acceptability even in the Netherlands, which despite being a relatively tolerant nation was also a deeply religious Christian one. One such publication was the benignly titled book Selected Works by Various Authors. Written in Spanish in the 17th century by Saul Levi Mortera, it contains refutation of the gospels, acts, epistles according to Ets Haim, and arguments against Christianity, according to the Israeli library. Such explosive publications were kept at Ets Haim as manuscripts and were printed rarely, Warncke said, so as to limit their distribution and avoid angering Dutch society. This culture of debate among the Jewish community, as well as its exposure to different religions and ideas that an international trading hub provided, produced heretics like the philosophers Baruch Spinoza who was excommunicated by Jews for his atheist musings, possibly because they also offended Christians and Uriel da Costa. Baruch Spinoza (Wikimedia) There is no way of knowing for sure, but both men (who died in 1632 and 1640, respectively) may well have frequented Ets Haim to conduct their research, Warncke confirmed. It was, after all, the largest collection around of Jewish writings, she said. And while there is no record of Spinozas activity at the library, his father had enrolled him in the Ets Haim seminary, which was Amsterdams first Portuguese Jewish seminary, of which the library was a part. Another controversial figure did leave an indelible mark on the library: Shabbetai Zevi, the Turkey-born eccentric Jewish luminary who divided the Jewish world with his claim that he was the Messiah. Under duress, he converted to Islam in 1666. One of Ets Haims most remarkable documents is a letter sent that year to Zevi by 24 Dutch Jews who left the community over their support for Zevis messianic claim. In the three-page Hebrew-language document, they ask for word from their messiah and recount the story of Shabtai Raphael, who was banned from the city over his support for Shabbetai Zevi. The letter never reached the self-proclaimed messiah, probably because he had already converted to Islam when the envoy sent with it reached the Ottoman Empire. Whereas these documents are well researched, new discoveries are always being made, said Warncke. As an example, she cited a 15th-century authors dedication to his wife a rare tribute for a woman that reflected the progressive nature of Dutch Jewry at the time. Digitization, she said, is one of the possibilities to make our manuscripts accessible to a bigger audience. That can lead to more knowledge. There are many secrets still to be unlocked. A researcher working at the Ets Haim Jewish library in Amsterdam, May 17, 2017. (Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA)

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Hitler’s paintings to be sold at auction next week – New York Post

The notorious leader of the Nazi party was also an amateur painter. Four paintings ascribed to Adolf Hitler, as well as an unsigned piece thought to painted by the notorious Fuhrer,will be up for auction next Thursday at the Ludlow Racecourse in Shropshire, England. The four works of art all bear the signature A. Hitler, and two of the paintings are dated in the early 1900s. Each painting has a price tag between $6,000 and $9,000, according to the Shropshire Star. The signed paintings include a village street scene, an Alpine bouquet with edelweiss, a scene depicting the town gate at Durnstein in Hitlers native Austria and a still life showing a clock, fruit and flowers. The unsigned painting up for auction shows the grave of Hitlers half-niece, Geli Raubel. The Nazi leader was romantically involved with Raubel, who committed suicide in 1931 with Hitlers pistol. The painting is thought to have been produced by Hitler. Caters News Agency Caters News Agency Caters News Agency Caters News Agency Caters News Agency The Islanders have a top priority come Saturday, and its… We have sold [Hitlers] paintings in previous sales, ranging between 600 and 1200 ($800 and $1,500), Ben Jones, a consultant for Mullocks Specialist Auctioneers and Valuers, the company auctioning the paintings next week, told The Post via email. We offer all sorts of items some with darker history than others and for whatever reason, it is these items that attract most attention. While his paintings have sold for a range of prices, one of Hitlers works of art was sold for nearly $115,000 to a Chinese buyer in 2015. Hitler is estimated to have created between 2,000 and 3,000 drawings, watercolors and oil paintings in his lifetime. A number of his paintings are on display at The International Museum of World War II in Massachusetts. Kenneth Rendell, the founder and director of the Museum of World War II, told The Post that the Nazi leaders brush skills wouldnt place him amongst the greats. They are not good paintings at all, they are very ordinary, he said. Theres no life to them. I think theyre very good at illustrating more of what Hitler was really like. Rendell said visitors to the museum tend to notice the paintings lack of life. He added that while German propaganda portrayed Hitler as a great figure who loved the young and old, his paintings reveal something different, exposing Hitlers boring and ordinary lifestyle. To me, they are so ordinary that anyone could do them, Rendell said. If they had been paintedby anyone else, they would have been thrown away a long time ago.

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Hitler’s House Seizure Backed by Court Amid Nazi Shrine Fears – NBCNews.com

A stone outside Adolf Hitler’s birthplace reads: “For peace, freedom and democracy, never again fascism, millions of dead are a warning.” LEONHARD FOEGER / Reuters In December, the government said they planned to remodel the building and turn it into a home for disabled people. “Instead of demolishing history, we want to create an antithesis to the Nazi regime,” Josef Puehringer, governor of the state of Upper Austria, said at the time. The government, which has been renting the house since 1972, was using it as a center for people with disabilities. But the organization using the building vacated after the owner refused to carry out necessary renovations. Pommer’s lawyer, Gerhard Lebitsch, told NBC News his client would likely take the case to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. Lebitsch also said his client had gone to school in Braunau am Inn and had lived in the house for several years. “There are many personal memories attached to the house,” he said. Lebitsch separately told reporters his client felt the states purchase offers were too low. The offers regarding the purchasing price were half-hearted, he said. At best it was the sale value of a regular house. There were never any serious talks. Always everything got blocked. Andy Eckardt reported from Berlin. Carlo Angerer reported from Warsaw. Saphora Smith reported from London.

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Killing Hitler Isn’t as Easy as It Sounds – VICE

In November of 1939, an ordinary German named Georg Elser tried and failed to kill Adolf Hitler with a homemade explosive device in Munich. That failed attempt, as well as the motivations behind it, are the subject of 13 Minutes, the latest film by Oliver Hirschbiegel. You might recognize the German director’s name from Downfall, a 2004 drama that depicted Hitler’s final days. It was nominated for an Oscar, but is mostly remembered for the climactic scene of Hitler totally losing his shit as he realizes that he’s screwed, which became the source of a fount of early memes. We talked to Hirschbiegel about why he decided to make another film about Hitler, how he feels about the Downfall memes, and what he thinks about the debate on killing baby Hitler (really). VICE: Why did you decide to make this film? Oliver Hirschbiegel: I was fascinated by this character, because he was always a bit of a riddle to me. He’s not political, he’s not the follower of an ideology, he grew up in a religious background but he’s not a religious man. What he does comes from an inner conviction that he feels something has to be donethat it’s all going to end in disaster, and if nobody else does something, he has to. There’s not that many examples of that in history. He’s nearly clairvoyantit’s a time when [the Nazis] have attacked Poland, but they haven’t declared war on the rest of the world. It’s astonishing that he saw clearly what was coming, when the rest of the world was still impressed with Hitler. It’s often forgotten that, until at least 1936 or 1937, Hitler was the most charismatic, powerful figure in politics. At the Olympic games in Berlin, everybody raised their arms to greet Hitlereven the Americans, because Hitler gave work to the people and rebuilt the economy. Everybody was in awe. Is there something instructive to be found in the film as far as current-day political issues are concerned? The world was very different when I was shooting the film, and it’s always tricky to use historical material to tell people what to think and do. I leave gaps for the audience to come up with their own interpretations. I don’t like films with a message. I treat my audience as intelligent beings and give them a chance to put one and one together. Given the success and widespread recognition of Downfall, why did you want to return to this subject matter? I didn’t. It’s a very unpleasant subject. I guess I just couldn’t resist the challenge to go back to the beginning and show how Nazism slowly creeps into all corners of societynot just in the big city, but in the countryside. Georg is a fascinating character. I identify with him because I have the same beliefsI never understood the concept of borders, and I was always a curious person believing in freedom of speech. I never understood the concept of racism or anti-Semitism. It’s a totally alien world to me, and it is to him too. Is Georg’s story well-known in Germany? Now it is. That’s one of the achievements I’m proud of. Elser did not get the recognition he deserved for decades. It took twenty years until he and his people were properly recognized as resistance fighters. The whole system back then was built on the concept of obedience. You obeyed the orders of your superiors, and anybody who didn’t was a traitor. When the Kent State massacre took place in the US, it took the general public a while to acknowledge that the protesters were victims. Do you think that there’s something about humanity that causes us to have delayed recognition when revolution’s actually taking place? It’s one thing to recognize it and another to actually do something. In a repressive system, even just refusing to become a member of the party causes great harm unto your loved ones. Before you know it, your children aren’t allowed at school anymore and you’re cut off subsidies. Actually doing something in the offensive is taking a great risk, and you need a lot of courage to see it through. I have the highest respect for somebody like Edward Snowden, who knowingly did what he did because he had to. He felt there was something so wrong and nobody was doing anything about it, so he willingly put his whole life at stake. He knows he will never see his parents or loved ones again, but he sees it through. I admire him tremendously. He’s not a political personit comes from his innermost conviction, just like Elser. In America last year, there was this very brief national conversation surrounding the question, “If you had the chance to go back in time and kill Hitler when he was a baby, would you?” Some of our presidential candidates weighed in on it. Oh. When you hear that, what is your reaction? That’s rather shocking. The idea to kill a baby in itself is so absurd that I wouldn’t know how to answer. The way I grew up, my belief is that no human being has the right to take another human being’s lifeand that continues with all the other human rights. Torture’s out of the question. We don’t have the right to do something with one of ours that we would not even do to an animal. Now, if you go into a situation where there’s a tyrant who causes an obvious threat to possibly thousands of your own people and other people, that’s tyrant slaying. It’s still killing a person, but it’s for the sake of saving many other lives. As the Bible says, it’s just. I would personally still have a big problem with killing somebody, though. Do you believe in God? Yes, but I’m not religious. I believe there is an entity, a force in the universe everywhere around the world that writes destinythat looks after us. My belief is closer to shamanism, you know? Ancient wisdom is what I believe in, and that quickly leads to common sense. It’s surprising how often common sense is a great help when it comes to conflict in the world. Stay curious, stay awake, don’t stay in your bubble, look to the other side. What’s this person’s reason? Why is he angry at you? What drives him to do that? What can you do to make him stop and think about it? The minute you talk about something, you start a process that most likely prevents aggression. That’s all common sense. Downfall had a very strange second life on the Internet. I’m proud of that. There’s not a single scene ever been mocked up that many times, ever since we released the film. Basically all of them are tremendously funnylots of creativity goes in there. Just think of Charlie Chaplin in The Great Dictator. What’s the best weapon to fight that kind of repression and joylessness? Laughter. The minute you laugh, you’re in a good way, right? Do you have a favorite Downfall meme? There were so many, but I loved one that was rather recent, when what’s his namefor Christ’s sake, the now Foreign Minister of the Brits. The key guy supporting Brexit. Nigel Farage? Nope, the other guy. Boris Johnson? Boris Johnson! Thank you very much. Ah, Christ, my brain. If you want to have a good laugh, go on the internet and check out that mockup. It’s brilliant. Everything they say there, as ridiculous as it is, it happened like that. He’s losing it, yelling, “What?! We won? We were never supposed to win! What the fuck is going on!” It’s so funny and so true at the same time. Follow Larry Fitzmaurice on Twitter.

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Hitler cautions military against invasion of Gbaramatu – Vanguard

By Tare Youdeowei Ijaw leader, Chief Beck Hitler has cautioned the Federal Government and the military against the incessant invasion of Gbaramatu Kingdom in Delta State. Hitler, who spoke yesterday in Warri, said that the recent military invasion of Oporoza community in Gbaramatu Kingdom, was not proper and called on acting President Yemi Osinbajo, to prevail on the military stop same. He said, The invasion of Oporoza by the military with gunboats and war aircraft is condemnable and unacceptable, it is pure intimidation and oppression of innocent people of Gbaramatu Kingdom. The people of Gbaramatu are law abiding and peace loving, Gbaramatu is not a war zone, therefore, the Federal Government should stop the military from further invasion of the kingdom. Gbaramatu Kingdom contributes greatly to the survival of the country, we expect the Federal Government to embark on massive human and infrastructural development in all the communities there, and not the unnecessary military invasion.

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Adolf Hitler is not living in Argentina by the name of Herman … – Metro – Metro

People fell for a spoof article that this was Hitler it is not People appear to have fallen for a satirical article about Adolf Hitler still being alive and living in Argentina. To get things clear from the start, hes not. But that hasnt stopped the story being picked up by reputable news sources and shared widely, particularly in South America. If he was he would be 128 years old six years older than the officially recognised oldest person that ever lived,Jeanne Calment (18751997), who was 122 years and 164 days old when she died. The report stemmed from a spoof website that said he was living in the country as Herman Gunthenberg after being issued a fake passport by the Gestapo. It also states that Mr Gunthenberg had revealed his true identity after Mossad (Israels secret service) scaled back its hunt for Nazis last year. Earlier this year it was claimed thatAdolf Hitler didnt shoot himself in the ruins of Berlin. Instead, he used a secret runway next to his bunker to escape in a military plane. A new documentary, Hunting Hitler on the History Channel, claims that the Fuhrer was spirited away to a secret military compound in Argentina, where he plotted to rebuild his Reich. The film-makers say that solid evidence of Hitlers death is lacking and that there are hints that he escaped Berlin alive in 1945. Other prominent Nazis such as Auschwitzs Angel of Death Josef Mengele were spirited out of Germany by SS officers in the last days of the war.

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Should You Call Someone Hitler? Here’s What the Man Behind Godwin’s Law Thinks – TIME

Adolf Hitler (1889 – 1945) in Munich in the spring of 1932. (Photo by Heinrich Hoffmann/Archive Photos/Getty Images)Heinrich HoffmannGetty Images The code that runs the World Wide Web was still being written when attorney Mike Godwin came up with a simple law: Sooner or later in any online argument, someone will bring up Hitler . Today, the 1990 adage known as Godwin’s Law seems more appropriate than ever, as social media has turned civil discourse into a never-ending series of flame wars. But Godwin, 60, who now serves as a senior fellow at the R Street Institute in Washington, D.C., says that’s an inevitable consequence of free speech . He’d prefer it if people would stop and think before bringing up World War II analogies , but he’s not against it in every single case. In fact, Godwin recently weighed in when a journalist clapped back at white nationalist Richard Spencer online. Godwin talked to TIME about how to make internet discourse civil, his newest law and the best way safeguard the internet for its purpose: sharing knowledge. TIME: So do people mention Godwins law when you use a credit card? I was a celebrity at a bicycle shop for all of twenty minutes after a guy looked at my credit card and said Do you know Godwins law? and I said, Well, Im Godwin. We basically just took selfies. Once, a colleague finally realized it was me. He assumed Godwin was a mythical figure or some dead guy. It’s obvious you have a pulse on social media where the Hitler comparisons you predicted are rampant. You can’t just chalk that up to Trump right? As far as I know, every President who has been President from the time I got on the internet has been compared by someone to Hitler. People compared President Obama to Hitler. People have forgotten there were pictures of Obama with a Hitler moustache. That talk was crazy. Im not going to tell people whether to compare Obama or Trump to Hitler. Its the government of the United States, and thats very hard to destroy with a cult of personality because we have a lot of institutional inertia by design. Would you say Trumps impact makes the comparisons to fascism online more frequent? I think so. Theres always been a general upward trend, peaking at election times. I think President Trumps campaign was so populist and so outside the political establishment that it inspired people to reach for the comparisons because weve never had a President like this come in as a media personality outsider. Isnt it lazy to go there? Of course it is. If you want to say something more powerful than the last person who disagreed with you said, people volunteer the rhetorical comparisons because they havent thought hard about history and whats different between now and Germany in the 1930s or Cambodia in the 1970s. When do you believe its a fair shake? I urge people to develop enough perspective to do it thoughtfully. If you think the comparison is valid, and youve given it some thought, do it. All I ask you to do is think about the human beings capable of acting very badly. We have to keep the magnitude of those events in mind, and not be glib. Our society needs to be more humane, more civilized and to grow up. Any idea how to stop the glib references? A lot of education reform. If I ran the world, I would strengthen both history and scientific education in the United States. If we fostered more self-criticism and self-skepticism, I think that would do much to prevent rhetorical meanness and mean spiritedness on the internet, of which Hitler comparisons are only a tiny part. We are in mid-adolescence culturally. When you reach adolescence, you’re not fully socialized. If we’re more self-aware, we can use social media with newfound growth and muscles. Speaking of growth, now that time has passed, do you have amendments to Godwins law or a second law youd propose? Ive suggested another law that has nothing to do with social media. Its about how governments value their ability to do surveillance. Theyve been addicted to it since the telephone. Its very hard to persuade governments using communications network surveillance to stop, so thats why surveillance is like crack cocaine. When it comes to information people want out there, you fought for the First Amendment to apply to the internet. How do such visible members of the alt right movement shape our national dialogue? Its better for people who espouse ideologies to make their views known. We cant pretend nobody really believes these things and that these impulses are a part of the past and were safe. Things people did years ago are alive and well and people are expressing it so censorship is not typically the right response. Some of the prominent people are who are pretty awful. I cant imagine how people can say such thing and live with themselves. Do you believe people should be able to shield themselves from other peoples opinions online? I support anybodys right not to hear speech that causes pain. If theyre blocking other people, thats good. Let them. Is it OK for the President to block people who criticize him or not? Theres some effort to try to insist that Donald Trump cant personally unblock political dissent. That probably doesnt win, even though I believe in government transparency. I think thats a loser, I think we have a right to speak to him. We dont have a right to insist that the President hear everything. Thats the nature of the office of government. I think if it ever reaches a judgment, the Presidents prerogative to block people from his Twitter will be found to be OK. Whats the best way to protect the internet as a platform for innovative ideas? There are two ways. International agreements on internet rights and principles to try to push an internet consensus. And we cant be reflexive on the latest terrible thing we see happen on the internet. If someone says a hateful thing, people will say we should require Twitter to read everyones tweets and ban people, and make it a crime and have the FBI investigate it. We have to be patient because when you have freedom of speech, its 100%. Open societies need to tolerate that people use their freedom badly sometimes.

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June 29, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed


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