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The Plan to Kill Hitler on ‘Making History’ Fails, Becomes a ‘Mild Annoyance’ – Yahoo TV (blog)

Sunday nights episode of Making History started off in Berlin in 1937 with Dan and Chris running from Nazi soldiers. Right as the soldiers caught up to them, Dan and Chris got into their time travel bag and disappeared. The Nazi soldiers were shocked by their sudden disappearance, and two of them werent about to get in trouble for letting the guys get away. They spoke to each other in German, and the subtitles read: Im still telling Hitler we killed them.

Back in the present day, Dan was talking to Deb about his trip to Nazi Germany and how they werent able to kill Hitler. Chris explained, I wanted to kill Hitler when he was young, before he was surrounded by all those Nazis, but Chris had a real problem with stabbing a baby. Chris noted that he didnt leave Germany without getting a souvenir: he held up a spoon and exclaimed that he stole Hitlers spoon. When Deb asked if that had stopped World War II, Chris said, No. But I mean, think about it. He comes downstairs in the morning, he wants a bowl of cereal its a total disaster. Theres no way he realizes he has no spoon before he pours the milk, to which Deb replied, What a mild annoyance.

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The Plan to Kill Hitler on ‘Making History’ Fails, Becomes a ‘Mild Annoyance’ – Yahoo TV (blog)

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Chilling pics show Hitler’s troops devastating Soviet cities during … – The Sun

A HIGH-ranking Nazis photo album has emerged revealing never before seen picturesof the Third Reich before the Second World War turned against them have been unearthed.

Field Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen, who was the cousin of the First World War air ace the Red Baron, was a commanding officer in the German invasion of Russia in July 1941.

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He documented the devastating Operation Barbarossa in haunting pictures that have only just been released for the first time.

They include images of the wiped-out Soviet cities of Minsk, Grodnow and Smolensk, burnt out enemy tanks, thousands of captured troops, female Bolshevik soldiers and rounded-up Jewish citiziens.

One of the captured soldiers featured is Yakov Jugashvili, the eldest son of Russian communist leader Joseph Stalin, who went on to die in the notorious Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

And there are some bizarre images showing Nazis in more light-hearted moments of the campaign.

One is of a cute kitten sat in a German jack boot while others show officers catching fish by hurling stick bombs into a lake.

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One of the two personalised albums was compiled just before the war and is of a huge victory parade in Berlin for Germanys Condor Legion, a military unit which supported General Franco in the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and March 1939.

The photos depict von Richthofen shaking hands with Adolf Hitler in front of masses of Nazi soldiers.

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There are snaps showing von Richthofen marching alongside Hitler who is giving a Nazi salute and Luftwaffe chief Hermann Goering. Another shows him walking behind Franco.

The two albums document the honeymoon period of the Third Reich, before the onset of the Russian winter of 1941 which proved a significant turning point of the war.

The Russians hit back on the Eastern Front and pushed the enemy back towards Germany.

In 1944 the Allies invaded France and forced the Germans to retreat from the west.

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The two albums, which have hand-written captions by von Richthofen, were taken from Berlin by a British soldier at the end of the war. He kept them for 60 years before they were acquired by a private collector. Auctioneers Dickins of Buckinghamshire are now selling the historic albums for an estimated 20,000. Von Richthofen served in the First World War in the German Air Force and was in the same squadron as his cousin, Manfred von Richthofen, who was credited with 80 aerial victories.

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Wolfram was inadvertently responsible for the Red Barons death as Manfred was shot down while trying to defend the novice pilot during his first flight in 1918.

He trained as an aeronautical engineer between the wars before rejoining the Luftwaffe under Hermann Goering.

He designed the so-called Jericho trumpet, the propeller-driven high-pitched sirens on Stuka dive bombers which sent a shudder down any British pilots spine.

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In November 1936, he took command of the Condor Legion which carried out bombings in support of Francos nationalists in Spain.

During Operation Barbarossa the German army captured five million Soviet prisoners of war. The majority of them never returned alive.

More than a million Soviet Jews were murdered by death squads and gassing as part of the Holocaust.

Von Richthofen survived the war but died of a brain tumour in July 1945 and was never put on trial at Nuremberg.

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John Dickins, of Dickins Auctioneers in Middle Claydon, Bucks, said: It is quite incredible to actually handle the personal album of a field marshal of his calibre.

He was the youngest field marshal in the German army and he would have gone further had he not had disagreements with his superior.

I am quite taken aback by what you see in the photos, especially the aerial photos looking down on the bombed Russian cities.

The auction takes place on March 31.

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Chilling pics show Hitler’s troops devastating Soviet cities during … – The Sun

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Diary Reveals JFK Thought Hitler Might Have Survived World War II – Sputnik International

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22:32 27.03.2017(updated 07:48 28.03.2017) Get short URL

Photo: C&T Auctioneers and Valuers

On April 26, what would have been Kennedys 100th birthday, the diary will be going tothe highest bidder. Bostons RR Auction, which is handling the sale, expects tobring inover $200,000 forthe artifact.

[Hitler] had boundless ambition forhis country which rendered him a menace tothe peace ofthe world, buthe had a mystery abouthim inthe way he lived and inthe manner ofhis death that will live and grow afterhim, Kennedy wrote aftervisiting Hitlers bunkers inBerlin, and his Eagles Nest mountaintop retreat, insummer 1945, the Independent reported.

After visiting the bunker where Hitler is widely said tohave committed suicide, Kennedy was skeptical.

When questioned aboutthe entry, the auction house denied that Kennedy admired Hitler, and urged readers not totake his writing outof context.

Theres no glorification, and I wouldnt take this outof context, Bobby Livingston, executive vice president ofRR Auction, told the Independent. I think Kennedy was a historian, and hes writing his understanding ofHitlers place inhistory.

Henderson has also shared her belief that Kennedy was not glorifying Nazis or Hitler.

When JFK said that Hitler had inhim the stuff ofwhich legends are made, he was speaking tothe mystery surrounding him, not the evil he demonstrated tothe world,” Henderson told People Magazine. “Nowhere inthis diary, or inany ofhis writings, is there any indication ofsympathy forNazi crimes or cause.”

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How Hitler Seized Power and Shocked His Opposition – The Daily … – Daily Beast

Elected chancellor of Germany in 1932, Hitler was held in contempt by his opponents, who thought he would be easy to control. They were wrong.

Adolf Hitler took power on January 30, 1933, and within no time at all he had:

let loose the police against Jews and Communists to a degree never seen before;

won emergency powers to govern by decree following the incredibly well-timed February 27 arson against the Reichstag, Germanys parliament building;

begun the shutdown of dissent and diversity in German publishing and culture through a policy of Gleichschaltung, or forcing everybody onto the same page.

The German establishment was taken aback. The well-meaning conservatives who in 1933 levered Hitler into office thought they could build fences of moderation around him once they got him under the tent. After all, the new cabinet would contain a majority of non-Nazis.

Within two months, well have Hitler in a corner so tight that he will squeak, said vice-chancellor Franz von Papen, who brokered the deal.

But Hitler surprised everyone by doing exactly what he had been preaching for more than a decade: turning Germany into an ethnically pure, nationalistically-driven economic machine for making Germany great again. And he thought he could do it fast. For that, Hitler had Hermann Gring and Joseph Goebbels. In 1933, they were not yet the monsters of history that they later became. But they were ambitious political operatives with a radical agenda and a charismatic leader. They acted with speed and force.

Grings power lay in the sly way Hitler had negotiated for control of the Prussian state police apparatus as part of his deal with Papen to become chancellor. Gring quickly fired the moderates in the security apparatus and suspended civil liberties of targeted groupsJews, Communists, and even Social Democrats. Gring operated under the pretext of defending Germany against imminent Marxist revolution, imported from the Soviet Union and mounted by Germanys own Communist party.

The government in Moscow had indeed hoped for years to foment revolution in Germany, and the local Communists were often inclined to violencejust like the Nazis. But the KPDthe German Communist Partynever came close to seizing power. In the 14 years of the Weimar Republic, the party only once polled more than 15 percent. The Nazis, meanwhile, had hit 37 percent in 1932, making them Germanys largest party even before the takeover in 1933.

Still, Communists served as Hitlers proximate bugaboo, justifying all kinds of excesses. He waved the bloody shirt of 30 million killed by the revolutionary regime in Russia to invoke a Jewish-Bolshevist threat in Germany. The only thing that stood between God-fearing Germans and a Communist dictatorship, he implied, was a dictatorship of the Nazis.

Hitler also built on an early version of fake news. His starting point was the invented calumny The Protocols of the Elders of Ziona 1903 document alleging a Jewish world conspiracy. Even after Hitler learned the text was a forgery, he continued using it as real because it contained the inner truth about Jewry, he said.

In 1932, with Hitler looming ever larger in German politics, Kurt Schumacher, a Social Democratic leader, noted that one thing we admire about the National Socialists is that they have succeeded for the first time in German politics, in the complete mobilization of human stupidity.

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Schumachers biting irony and trenchant warning made no difference. Desperate to build a political firewall against the perceived Communist and Social Democratic threat, the German establishment led by Papen and President von Hindenburg in 1933 invited Hitler to head a government of national concentrationa supposed compromise between Hitlers radicals and establishment conservatives.

Within months, it was the conservatives, not Hitler, who were in a corner. After little more than a year, most were marginalized and oneformer chancellor Kurt von Schleicherwas dead, assassinated in Hitlers Night of the Long Knives. Once under the tent, Hitler had been able to seize the whole show and, for Nazi Germany, there was no turning back, only the long, fateful march to self-destruction.

——– Peter Ross Range is author of 1924: The Year That Made Hitler. He is working on a new book about Hitlers rise to power.

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How Hitler Seized Power and Shocked His Opposition – The Daily … – Daily Beast

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It’s official: Self-proclaimed Nazi changes name to Hitler – USA TODAY

USA Today Network Nick Muscavage, (Bridgewater, N.J.) Courier News Published 4:47 p.m. ET March 24, 2017 | Updated 5:50 p.m. ET March 24, 2017

A New Jersey man is trying to legally change his last name to Hitler. Matt Hoffman reports. Buzz60

Isidore Heath Campbell of Shippensburg, Pa. recently received legal approval March 24, 2017, to change his surname to Hitler. Campbell, whose name change becomes effective May 8, poses in a Nazi uniform he created.(Photo: Courtesy of Isidore Heath Campbell)

FLEMINGTON, N.J. A New Jersey judge signed off Fridayon a request for a self-proclaimed Nazi to change his name to Hitler, effective May 8.

So in a little more than a month, Isidore Heath Campbell will legally become Isidore Heath Hitler. He had fileda request Feb. 14 in Hunterdon County Superior Court for the name change.

No one contested it, so Judge Michael O’Neill signed the order Friday without Campbell appearing for a hearing.

“I’m named after a hero,” Campbell said when a reporter contacted him. “The judge approved it. My name is Hitler now.”

More:Self-proclaimed Nazi dad wants to change name to Hitler April:Self-identified Nazi pleads guilty to resisting arrest 2013:Adolf Hitler running for election in India

New Jersey law has few legal restrictions on names, and the state’s Office of Vital Statistics and Registrycan reject a name only because it contains anobscenity, numerals or symbols or a combination that is “illegible,” according to a 2014 blog entry from the Philadelphia law firm ofObermayer Rebmann Maxwell & Hippel.

Campbell’s children, who now are in foster care, apparently will not share thenewHitler surname. His court papers listed only himself.

Isidore Heath Campbell of Holland Township, N.J., petitioned Feb. 14, 2017, to change his surname to Hitler. He appears here in an undated file photo; more recently he has grown a mustache similar to the Nazi leader.(Photo: (Bridgewater, N.J.) Courier News)

In December 2008, Campbell drew national attentionafter a supermarket bakery refused to write, “Happy Birthday, Adolf Hitler” on a cake for the third birthday of one of his sons,Adolf Hitler Campbell. The fathercomplained that the refusal constituted discrimination, and another bakery fulfilled his request.

That child, as well asHeinrich Hons Campbell,JoyceLynn Aryan Nation Campbell and Honzlynn Jeannie Campbell are in foster care because of alleged violence in the Campbell family home, but Campbell disputes that.

“They took them over a name,” Campbell said Friday and then proceeded to disparage that judge. “My son’s name is Adolf Hitler. They …went ahead and did what they did.”

Campbell listed a temporary Shippensburg, Pa., address on Friday’s court papers but once lived in Holland Township, N.J.

Last year, he was arrested on a fugitive warrantin Pennsylvania for an aggravated-assault charge in connection with a domestic-violence incident. In a plea deal, he was sentenced to 180 days in jail and two years probation on obstruction of justice charges and resisting arrest.

Campbell also wasthe leader ofthe pro-Nazi group Hitler’s Order that he founded in 2012. The next year he marched into the Hunterdon County Courthouse dressed in a Nazi uniform to petition a family court judge to allow him to see his youngest son,Heinrich, who had been removed from his father’s custody shortly after he was born in 2011.

Though Hitler is an uncommon last name, especially since World War II, it is not unheard of.

Related:Muhammad Ali never legally changed name from Cassius Clay Related:ACLU says Tenn. judge can’t ban ‘Messiah’ baby name

The 2010 Census recorded fewer than 100 people across the USA who have it; 133 people spell it Hittler, according to aNewsdaydatabase. And the Social Security death index logs a dozenpeople named Hitler who died since 1965and had Social Security cards, according to theAncestry.comdatabase, which covers 1935 to 2014.

Campbell said he’shappy with this judge because his name change went through and still considers himself a Nazi leader.

“I like it when the newspapers put in self-proclaimed Nazi,” he said.”I sincerely, truly thank the judge for what he has done and ‘Heil, Hitler’ to the world.”

FollowNick Muscavage on Twitter:@nmuscavage

Related: Hitler’s phone that ‘sent millions to their deaths’ sold for $243K at auction Hitlers a best-selling author in Germany again. Why? Austrian home where Hitler was born to house charity Nazi leader diaries show family time, massages and mass murder

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Shattuck’s ‘Castle’ evokes what women endured under Hitler – Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Mike Fischer, Special to the Journal Sentinel 12:02 p.m. CT March 24, 2017

The Women in the Castle: A Novel. By Jessica Shattuck. William Morrow. 368 pages. $26.99.(Photo: William Morrow)

Late in Jessica Shattucks The Women in the Castle, the daughter of a German soldier whod once loaded Jews into Treblinka-bound trucks walks the Bavarian castle grounds where much of this novel unfolds. Its 1991, but her thoughts travel back a half-century.

As a German, she thinks, one knows that if you start poking through a shoebox of photographs, youll find Nazi uniforms and swastikas and children with their arms raised in Heil Hitler salutes.

While much of Shattucks well-researched novel takes place in the immediate aftermath of World War II, the three surviving women at its center are haunted by the dozen years of the Thousand Year Reich a great unknowable continent of experience, as Shattuck calls it, that both binds them together and threatens to tear them apart.

Marianne, the wealthy daughter of Prussian aristocrats who inherits the castle, is married to a man hanged for his role in the 1944 plot to kill Hitler.Principled as a child when her friends nicknamed her The Judge she remains so as an adult, castigating those Germans who refuse to own up after the war to what theyd done.

But in a book where Shattuck manages to be both morally tough-minded and remarkably empathetic toward all of her characters, even this sometimes strident voice of conscience exhibits blind spots.

Shattuck lets us see what Marianne too readily forgets: Her moral qualms are not just a mark of her often admirable and heroic character, but also a luxury made possible by wealth and status, protecting her during and after the war. As well see, shes a direct beneficiary of that war, in ways that align her with every limousine liberal who decries while still enjoying privilege.

The two poorer women and their children joining Marianne in her castle in the summer of 1945 confront tougher choices.

Benita, the less complicated of the two, is a Bavarian peasant whose beauty had led to marriage with the man she initially thinks of as her prince: another of the conspirators whose plot to assassinate Hitler costs him his life.Marianne treats her like a child; in some ways she is one. But she also endures suffering of a sort Marianne cannot begin to fathom.

Marianne plucks the more inscrutable and reflective Ania and her sons from a displaced persons camp; the two will become best friends until, suddenly, theyre not sundered by lies Ania has told in order to survive.

Shattuck is best in the second half of her book, as she turns her gaze on those immediate postwar years when lying in Germany was both survival tactic and way of life.

Whether fishing along a river bank where concentration camp victims were once shot, making a living as a wedding photographer after serving as photo editor for the Nazi newspaper, or spreading a thin quilt of peace and plenty over a pile of manure, the Germans of the late 1940s and early 1950s are portrayed as a country of people denying who theyd been.

Even as Castle chronicles the guilt, shame and denial, Shattuck also credibly traces how the descent into madness could have happened, hardening good people one fatal misstep at a time:

She knew of the horrors and she didnt, were told of one woman, sketched through Shattucks close third-person narration, shifting among and giving voice to multiple characters.She knew it the way you know something is happening far away in a distant land, something you have no control over: earthquake refugees living in squalid conditions or victims in a foreign war.

Shattucks effective, cross-cutting temporal shifts from Kristallnacht in 1938 to the end of the war in 1945, forward to 1950 and then back to the 1920s and 1930s underscores the ongoing, nightmarish yesterday that Germany continued to live, long after the war ended. As one character ruefully learns, one ultimately cannot narrate away evil while staring it in the face.

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Who Leaked America’s Secret War Plans Into Hitler’s Hands? – Daily Beast

Disclosure of Americas top-secret war plans gave Hitler intelligence he needed to win World War IIand some claim FDR himself was behind the leak.

With the United States caught up in an undeclared shooting war with Germany in late 1941 and President Franklin D. Roosevelt battling isolationists to deliver more support to the British and the Soviets in their desperate fight against Hitlers forces, the release of top secret American war planning documents shook the nation. Seventy-five years later, the leak continues to stir up controversy. Some even claim that FDR himself was behind the leak of his own militarys blueprint for war against Nazi Germany.

World War II was raging in Europe and Indochina throughout 1941, sweeping up virtually every nation on earthexcept the United States. Thanks in large measure to Americans isolationist leanings, the U.S. remained officially neutral while Hitlers forces occupied almost all of Europe, part of North Africa and the Middle East, and advanced deep into the Soviet Union. Meanwhile Japanese forces were waging a long and brutal war in Indochina and preparing for a possible attack on the United States itself. President Franklin D. Roosevelt feared that a Nazi victory over the British and Red armies, the last remaining European holdouts against Hitler, would leave America truly isolated in the face of Germanys and Japans murderous aggression. But in the heat of the tough 1940 presidential campaign, FDR had repeatedly assured American mothers, Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars.

Then, on Dec. 4, 1941, came the explosive revelation that seemed to show he was lying. The U.S. military had prepared a lengthy report, called the Victory Program, which spelled out in detail war plans for defeating Germany, down to the sites for invasion and the number of ships, aircraft, tanks, and trucks needed. The deeply isolationist and anti-Roosevelt Chicago Tribune, which revealed the documents existence, ran a huge block type headline declaring: F.D.R.S WAR PLANS! (The same article appeared simultaneously in the Washington Times-Herald, a politically similar newspaper published by the cousin of Tribune publisher Colonel Robert McCormick.) The Tribunes Capitol Hill correspondent, Chesly Manly, described a blueprint for total war on a scale unprecedented in at least two oceans and three continents, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The Victory Program called for a draft army of 5,000,000 troops, from a total manpower of more than 10,000,000 men in uniform, as part of a general national war mobilization. The U.S. would, Manly wrote, invade Europe on the specified date of July 1, 1943, in the final supreme effort to defeat the mighty German army

Most Americans recognized the threat Hitler posed to the nation, particularly should the British, presently backed by American Lend-Lease shipments of munitions, ships, aircraft, and guns, give up the fight. But the majority of people this side of the Atlantic had little stomach for sending American soldiers to fight a war thousands of miles distant. Nerves were on edge over the increasing possibility of war with Japan, though even many among the nations military brass considered that unlikely and, should war come, unlike Germany, anticipated an easy fight against an overmatched enemy far from the American homeland. And while an undeclared war against German U-boats in the Atlantic had led President Roosevelt to call for his navy to shoot on sight, a naval war to protect cargo ships was a far cry from an expeditionary army requiring virtually every one of the countrys young men, and many older ones, too, to go to war in Europe. The Victory Plans detailing of the requirements for an American invasion of northwestern Europe and its stunning cost (more than $150 billion when the current annual defense budget amounted to about $6.4 billion), and a summation that Ultimate victory over the Axis powers will place a demand upon industry few have yet conceived, swept the American political landscape with tsunami force.

The Tribunes revelation of what McCormick crowed was the greatest scoop in history seemed to put the lie to all of FDRs repeated claims that he would not take the country to war. The isolationists including Charles Lindbergh, leading spokesman for the America First antiwar campaign, saw in the Victory Program proof of what they had claimed all along: The duplicitous FDR intended to go to war, despite most Americans desire to keep out of the war. FDR-hater McCormick declared in his newspapers pages, Roosevelt didnt talk that way when he was a candidate for the third term, just a little more than a year ago. If he had he would have been defeated as a mad man.

The American republic has been betrayed, an isolationist Massachusetts Republican congressman declared. The timing for the antiwar side could not have been better as business in Congress, now in an uproar with members brandishing copies of the Tribune on the House Chamber floor, skidded to a halt in its debate over a huge new defense appropriation bill. Defeating the Nazis as planned in the published documents, proclaimed Senate Republican leader Robert Taft of Ohio, would bankrupt the United States and put an end to what we have known as democracy. Perhaps the most vocal and staunch isolationist in Congress, Senate Democrat Burton K. Wheeler of Montana, announced he would lead an investigation into charges that the president had been deceiving Congress and the public about his real intentions.

Any chance that FDR had of further expanding the increasingly violent undeclared war with Germany in the Atlantic Ocean seemed doomed.

But who released the war plans and why? The document circulated only among the highest national leadership.

The Wrong Man with the Plan

Most fingers pointed to one man.

In the summer of 1941, the world was at war and the U.S. had a small draft army, less than a tenth the size of Germanys alone. Men and officers were poorly trained, had few weapons, and remained uncertain about their mission. The White House knew little about what it might take to ramp up production and assemble men and materiel for the colossal force that would be needed to defeat Hitlers hardened armed forceslet alone the increasingly looming threat of facing Japan, Germanys Axis partner, in a two-ocean war. While pushing his military to study the nations needs in the eventuality of war, FDR had pointedly resisted signing off on any of these studies as the basis for war preparations. On July 9 finally Roosevelt ordered Stimson and his Navy counterpart, Frank Knox, to come up with a plan for the overall production requirements required to defeat our potential enemies. To prepare for even a possible war, the armed forces needed to understand what that war might look like. And the likeliest enemy of all was Germany.

The man tasked to lead the project could not have been politically less suited for the job. Major Albert Wedemeyer, head of the War Departments War Plans division and lead author of the Victory Program, admitted some years later that he became the planner of a war I did not want. While studying at the German war college in Berlin in the late 1930s, he became a Nazi sympathizer. He regarded Hitler as a far less dangerous threat to American interests than the worldwide Communist conspiracy centered in Moscow. While in Germany he joined with Lindbergh during his aviation tours. The two shared an admiration for Germanys development into a disciplined, racially-based society under Hitler. Both largely ignored the Fhrers leadership of a state that euthanized the mentally challenged; imprisoned, tortured, and murdered its political opponents; broke treaty after treaty; invaded and annexed neighboring lands; and unleashed horrific anti-Semitic violence. Wedemeyer considered Germanys drive for conquest a national movement to win living space [away from] more backward peoples. He even attended one of the many America First rallies where Lindbergh spoke out against the commander in chief. He nonetheless took on the assignment so that my country would be prepared for any contingency which fate, politicians, or power-drunk leaders [by which he meant Roosevelt] might precipitate.

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Astonishingly enough, he delivered a brilliant document in two months. Working feverishly with a small Army, Navy, and Air Force team, he drew together information about Americas raw materials, industrial and transportation base, the ships, aircraft, weapons, and men needed to defeat Hitler, and combined them into a blueprint for mobilizing the armed forces calculated to bring our enemies to their knees in the shortest possible time. In hindsight, the Allied strategy seems intuitive: Get millions of men and supporting materiel to Great Britain while keeping the British and Red Army in the fight, primarily with Lend-Lease supplies, soften up German antiaircraft defenses to gain air superiority, bomb Germanys industrial base from the air, and stage sufficient firepower for an invasion of the Continent across the English Channel as quickly and decisively as possible. But nobody knew that at the time, most doubted that Moscow would survive for long, some wondered whether Great Britain could hold on, and many leaders, including Prime Minister Winston Churchill and his military advisers, thought that eventual victory over Germany might come through air power alone.

Wedemeyers Victory Program submitted on Sept. 11, 1941, amounted, according to FDR speechwriter Robert Sherwood, to one of the most remarkable documents of American history, for it set down the basic strategy of a global war before this country was involved in it.

Its release also provided an intelligence coup for Nazi Germany. Upon learning about the war plans release, Germanys Charg dAffaires Hans Thomsen at its Washington Embassy immediately telegraphed Berlin about the sensation the report had caused. He summarized the documents findings about the war and noted that the report confirmed the known fact that America would not be ready for full-scale war before July 1943.

Hitler seemed to recognize the need to reorient his forces to stave off this eventual American invasion strategy. The Fhrer issued a war directive a week after the Victory Programs release to increase air defenses around key industries, move more troops to defend Western Europes coastline, and greatly step up Atlantic Ocean attacks to keep American invasion forces from ever reaching Britain. This strategy might have delayed U.S. entry into the fight so long that Germany could not lose. Given Germanys limited war-making resources, Hitler commanded his forces in the Soviet Union to halt their aggressive tactics, to preserve his power for the westward transfer. However, after visiting the Eastern Front a few days later, he grew infuriated by his forces failures to achieve his goals there. He quickly reversed his orders and called for his armies to go back on the attack against the massive Red Army. With that disastrous decision, he sealed Nazi Germanys doom.

Who Leaked the Victory Plan?

The White House made no attempt to deny that the Tribune had quoted from the real Victory Program prepared at the Presidents request over the summer. An enraged Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson railed against the patriotism of a man or a newspaper which would take these confidential studies and make them public to the enemies of the country. He called for a great State prosecution of McCormick and leaders within the America First organization, for their disloyalty. Others in the Cabinet demanded McCormicks immediate arrest for aiding the nations enemiesin a word, treason.

FDR was at first ready to pursue prosecution, but then told his press secretary, Steve Early, to release a statement that newspapers had the right to print the news. The president did instruct the FBI and Army to investigate the source of the leak.

All fingers immediately pointed at Wedemeyer. His Nazi and America First sympathies were well-known. FBI agents descended upon me like vultures upon a prostrate antelope, he recalled. His life was turned upside down while he and his associates homes were searched, mail read, and telephones wiretapped. However, the FBI finally exonerated him. The talented Wedemeyer eventually made general and continued to serve as head of War Plans, helping to plan the successful Normandy Invasion. He was later transferred to a command post in Southeast Asia. His staunch anti-communism brought him into a later alliance with Senator Joseph McCarthy. He lived to age 102 and died in 1989.

Three days after the bombshell of the war plans leak hit, real bombs fell on Pearl Harbor. Four days later, Germany declared war on the U.S. In the fire of real war, nobody was ever charged with the crime of releasing Americas top secret war plans.

Several possible culprits have arisen in the years since. In 1976, a sensationalistic biography of Sir William Stephenson, the director of the British Security Coordination (BSC), the secret and massive Western Hemisphere-wide intelligence operations based in Manhattans Rockefeller Center, claimed that the man who would later serve as the model for Ian Flemings James Bond had himself concocted the Victory Plan. He supposedly then released it through hidden channels in an effort to provoke Germany to declare war. That scenario appears completely preposterous on the face of it.

Even FDR proved not above suspicion. In 1987, historian Thomas Fleming published a book on the battles within the FDR Administration over its war policies. In it he accuses the president of having brought about the leak as a backdoor way to provoke Germany into declaring war. Hitler did cite the Victory Program as one among numerous excuses to declare war on the U.S., including the naval battles that had already taken place in the Atlantic. However, clearly based on documents from the German foreign ministry, Hitler was already committed to join in the war Japan was about to launch against the U.S. Caught up in a two-ocean war, his unprepared enemy could not, he was convinced, mobilize before he defeated the Red Army and made Fortress Europe impregnable to attack.

According to Fleming, Wedemeyer told him in 1987 that he suspected FDR of having manufactured the leak. I have always been convinced, on some sort of intuitional level, that President Roosevelt authorized it, the then 100-year-old general said. But Wedemeyer never lost his dislike of the war he didnt want and the commander in chief he didnt trust. No evidence has ever been found to implicate FDR in any way in any plot to disclose the Victory Program.

In 1962, with the statute of limitations on the crime having expired, the former isolationist in chief and Montana senator Burton Wheeler owned up to his definitive role in the leak. He wrote that an unnamed Army Air Forces captain was his mole. The officer, who had passed him confidential information about military preparedness over the previous year, now delivered what Wheeler described as the most closely guarded secret in Washington, a document as thick as an average novel, wrapped in brown paper and labeled Victory Program. Tribune reporter Manly joined Wheeler at his Washington home where they read and copied out extensive portions of the war plan. Wheeler explained his willingness to leak the top secret document as his belief that the American people should learn what was in store for them if we entered the war

Wheelers son, a Washington attorney, later claimed that the leak plot went higher and deeper. The army captain, he said had told his father he was only a messenger. According to the son, the captain had been dispatched by Army Air Forces commanding general Henry Hap Arnold, who was reportedly disturbed by the lack of sufficient aircraft going to his forces in the current Lend-Lease period and in the planned buildup for war. According to the story, the FBI investigation led them to Arnold, but, at FDRs behest, stopped its investigation before word got out to the public. However, again, in the military hierarchy of the time this seems highly unlikely. Nothing showing Arnolds fingerprints, real or figurative, on any of the disclosed documents has ever been found.

So, who leaked the most closely guarded secret in the nation? I think that like Wedemeyer the unnamed captain was quite likely one of the many officers within the regular military establishment who distrusted Roosevelt. Many felt incensed that the government was already caught up in war with Hitler and grew increasingly angry, perhaps even frightened, at the prospect of entry into the world war. Wheeler said the captain told him, I think [Congress] has a right to know whats really going on in the executive branch when it concerns human lives. After 75 years, not a shred of concrete evidence shows that the mole, whoever he was, acted other than alone in leaking the Victory Program.

As shocking disclosures of government secrets by WikiLeaks and within the Executive Branch reach the press again and again, some may wonder whether future historians will figure out who is responsible. Judging from the continued uncertainty over a leak that might have brought Nazi victory in World War II, the answer is almost certainly no.

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Who’s the modern-day Hitler? There isn’t one – Delmarva Daily Times

Inhabitants of Lwow on July 2, 1941, Soviet occupied former Poland wave at a passing truckload of German solders as Nazi; troops took over the city. (AP Photo)(Photo: Anonymous, AP)

The Nazis still haunt us.

The fear that, like vampires, they’ll be back is what seems to haunt us most. You can see it in the constant comparisons. This or that leader is like Hitler, this or that is taking us down the road to fascism. Were worried sick.

The history books say the Allies won the war in 1945. But in a way, World War II still isnt over.

There are still people who remember the concentration camps, the bombing raids, the parents who never came home, the lives broken. Some of us remember, and the rest of us have heard about many times, the fascist dictatorships’ effort to control what everyone thought and believed, the effort to mold truth itself to the twisted aims of nationalism run amok.

The most horrifying of all was the attempt to exterminate an entire race, an effort that would eventually have led to the enslavement or extermination of all races but the European one.

You dont just get over something like that in a generation, were finding out.

Our collective fear of this happening again is like the fear of hell that hangs over many Christians. Everything becomes a slippery slope down toward the flames, and life is spent climbing up that slippery slope as fast as you can, the heat on your back.

Fear of Nazis does have its upsides. Those humans in the 1930s werent any different from us, at their core, and thats terrifying. We must remember that if it happened before, it can happen again.

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This is helpful because humans have vast reserves of complacency that we tap into every time we get a few peaceful decades. A hallmark of modern times is a belief arrived at by ignoring a great deal of evidence that the arc of history is bending inevitably toward justice. The Roman senators must have felt much the same way in the glory days of the Republic, oblivious to the centuries of dark ages looming just ahead.

For many people, the recent presidential election has deflated this modern optimism somewhat. Perhaps, we think, human history may be going around in circles chasing its tail. If this can shake us out of smug complacency, thats a good thing.

That being said,the temptation is also strong to make false and reckless comparisons. We see trends inching us toward disaster, and we screech The Nazis are here! The fascists will seize our democracy!

Those who use this kind of hyper rhetoric lose credibility, even if theyre pointing out trends that really are dangerous.

I’m not aware of any world leaders right now who can be compared in a meaningful way with Hitler. Even North Korea’s Kim Jong Un, unhinged as he is, doesn’t spout the kind of racism that Hitler did or have access to the kind of military Hitler did.Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIS, might be our closest modern equivalent, but his little band of extremists has only a tiny fraction of the clout the Nazis did.

MORE OPINION:The Holocaust: It could happen again

The next disaster for humanity will probably not follow the same script 1930s Germany did. We are surrounded by oppression, and we dont have to wait to tackle problems until theyre as out of hand as the Third Reich.

Theres the militarization of police, racial discrimination and a war on drugs thats loading up our prisons to the bursting point. There are unjust immigration policies. There are laws that help people enjoy vast wealth while many others live in misery and squalor. Leaders can be rotten without being Nazis.

I hope we never forget the horrors of World War II. Its good to be on our guard against repeating that nightmare. But not to the point that we label every political movement we dont like as a return to fascism.

Lets just confront oppression, whatever its name.

Andrew Sharp is a producer at The Daily Times and delmarvanow.com. Email him at asharp@delmarvanow.com. Find him on Twitter @buckeye_201 and on Facebook @andrewsharp201.

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JFK Diary Reveals His Fascination With Hitler – Biography


Biography
JFK Diary Reveals His Fascination With Hitler
Biography
His last stop was Germany, where he visited Adolf Hitler's bomb-ravaged residence in the Bavarian Alps. (Just four months prior, the Fhrer had committed suicide in Berlin.) Clearly impacted by his visit, Kennedy recorded his thoughts in his diary
JFK diary calls Hitler 'stuff of legends'BBC News
John F. Kennedy once wrote that Adolf Hitler had the stuff of which legends are madeSalon
JFK Diary With Reflections On Hitler Up For AuctionCBS Boston / WBZ
CBS News –TIME –TownandCountrymag.com (blog) –Issuu
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The Plan to Kill Hitler on ‘Making History’ Fails, Becomes a ‘Mild Annoyance’ – Yahoo TV (blog)

Sunday nights episode of Making History started off in Berlin in 1937 with Dan and Chris running from Nazi soldiers. Right as the soldiers caught up to them, Dan and Chris got into their time travel bag and disappeared. The Nazi soldiers were shocked by their sudden disappearance, and two of them werent about to get in trouble for letting the guys get away. They spoke to each other in German, and the subtitles read: Im still telling Hitler we killed them. Back in the present day, Dan was talking to Deb about his trip to Nazi Germany and how they werent able to kill Hitler. Chris explained, I wanted to kill Hitler when he was young, before he was surrounded by all those Nazis, but Chris had a real problem with stabbing a baby. Chris noted that he didnt leave Germany without getting a souvenir: he held up a spoon and exclaimed that he stole Hitlers spoon. When Deb asked if that had stopped World War II, Chris said, No. But I mean, think about it. He comes downstairs in the morning, he wants a bowl of cereal its a total disaster. Theres no way he realizes he has no spoon before he pours the milk, to which Deb replied, What a mild annoyance. Making Historyairs Sundays at 8:30 p.m. on Fox. Watch clips and full episodes of Making Historyfor free on Yahoo View. Watch:Founding Fathers Inspire Cher Performance on Making History See More: Tell us what you think! Hit us up on Twitter, Facebook, or Instagram, or leave your comments below. And check out our host, Cynthia LuCiette, on Twitter, Facebook, or Instagram.

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Chilling pics show Hitler’s troops devastating Soviet cities during … – The Sun

A HIGH-ranking Nazis photo album has emerged revealing never before seen picturesof the Third Reich before the Second World War turned against them have been unearthed. Field Marshal Wolfram von Richthofen, who was the cousin of the First World War air ace the Red Baron, was a commanding officer in the German invasion of Russia in July 1941. Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS He documented the devastating Operation Barbarossa in haunting pictures that have only just been released for the first time. They include images of the wiped-out Soviet cities of Minsk, Grodnow and Smolensk, burnt out enemy tanks, thousands of captured troops, female Bolshevik soldiers and rounded-up Jewish citiziens. One of the captured soldiers featured is Yakov Jugashvili, the eldest son of Russian communist leader Joseph Stalin, who went on to die in the notorious Sachsenhausen concentration camp. And there are some bizarre images showing Nazis in more light-hearted moments of the campaign. One is of a cute kitten sat in a German jack boot while others show officers catching fish by hurling stick bombs into a lake. Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS One of the two personalised albums was compiled just before the war and is of a huge victory parade in Berlin for Germanys Condor Legion, a military unit which supported General Franco in the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and March 1939. The photos depict von Richthofen shaking hands with Adolf Hitler in front of masses of Nazi soldiers. Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS There are snaps showing von Richthofen marching alongside Hitler who is giving a Nazi salute and Luftwaffe chief Hermann Goering. Another shows him walking behind Franco. The two albums document the honeymoon period of the Third Reich, before the onset of the Russian winter of 1941 which proved a significant turning point of the war. The Russians hit back on the Eastern Front and pushed the enemy back towards Germany. In 1944 the Allies invaded France and forced the Germans to retreat from the west. Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS The two albums, which have hand-written captions by von Richthofen, were taken from Berlin by a British soldier at the end of the war. He kept them for 60 years before they were acquired by a private collector. Auctioneers Dickins of Buckinghamshire are now selling the historic albums for an estimated 20,000. Von Richthofen served in the First World War in the German Air Force and was in the same squadron as his cousin, Manfred von Richthofen, who was credited with 80 aerial victories. Dickins/BNPS Wolfram was inadvertently responsible for the Red Barons death as Manfred was shot down while trying to defend the novice pilot during his first flight in 1918. He trained as an aeronautical engineer between the wars before rejoining the Luftwaffe under Hermann Goering. He designed the so-called Jericho trumpet, the propeller-driven high-pitched sirens on Stuka dive bombers which sent a shudder down any British pilots spine. Dickins/BNPS Dickins/BNPS In November 1936, he took command of the Condor Legion which carried out bombings in support of Francos nationalists in Spain. During Operation Barbarossa the German army captured five million Soviet prisoners of war. The majority of them never returned alive. More than a million Soviet Jews were murdered by death squads and gassing as part of the Holocaust. Von Richthofen survived the war but died of a brain tumour in July 1945 and was never put on trial at Nuremberg. Dickins/BNPS John Dickins, of Dickins Auctioneers in Middle Claydon, Bucks, said: It is quite incredible to actually handle the personal album of a field marshal of his calibre. He was the youngest field marshal in the German army and he would have gone further had he not had disagreements with his superior. I am quite taken aback by what you see in the photos, especially the aerial photos looking down on the bombed Russian cities. The auction takes place on March 31. We pay for your stories! Do you have a story for The Sun Online news team? Email us at tips@the-sun.co.uk or call 0207 782 4368

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Diary Reveals JFK Thought Hitler Might Have Survived World War II – Sputnik International

US 22:32 27.03.2017(updated 07:48 28.03.2017) Get short URL Photo: C&T Auctioneers and Valuers On April 26, what would have been Kennedys 100th birthday, the diary will be going tothe highest bidder. Bostons RR Auction, which is handling the sale, expects tobring inover $200,000 forthe artifact. [Hitler] had boundless ambition forhis country which rendered him a menace tothe peace ofthe world, buthe had a mystery abouthim inthe way he lived and inthe manner ofhis death that will live and grow afterhim, Kennedy wrote aftervisiting Hitlers bunkers inBerlin, and his Eagles Nest mountaintop retreat, insummer 1945, the Independent reported. After visiting the bunker where Hitler is widely said tohave committed suicide, Kennedy was skeptical. When questioned aboutthe entry, the auction house denied that Kennedy admired Hitler, and urged readers not totake his writing outof context. Theres no glorification, and I wouldnt take this outof context, Bobby Livingston, executive vice president ofRR Auction, told the Independent. I think Kennedy was a historian, and hes writing his understanding ofHitlers place inhistory. Henderson has also shared her belief that Kennedy was not glorifying Nazis or Hitler. When JFK said that Hitler had inhim the stuff ofwhich legends are made, he was speaking tothe mystery surrounding him, not the evil he demonstrated tothe world,” Henderson told People Magazine. “Nowhere inthis diary, or inany ofhis writings, is there any indication ofsympathy forNazi crimes or cause.”

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How Hitler Seized Power and Shocked His Opposition – The Daily … – Daily Beast

Elected chancellor of Germany in 1932, Hitler was held in contempt by his opponents, who thought he would be easy to control. They were wrong. Adolf Hitler took power on January 30, 1933, and within no time at all he had: let loose the police against Jews and Communists to a degree never seen before; won emergency powers to govern by decree following the incredibly well-timed February 27 arson against the Reichstag, Germanys parliament building; begun the shutdown of dissent and diversity in German publishing and culture through a policy of Gleichschaltung, or forcing everybody onto the same page. The German establishment was taken aback. The well-meaning conservatives who in 1933 levered Hitler into office thought they could build fences of moderation around him once they got him under the tent. After all, the new cabinet would contain a majority of non-Nazis. Within two months, well have Hitler in a corner so tight that he will squeak, said vice-chancellor Franz von Papen, who brokered the deal. But Hitler surprised everyone by doing exactly what he had been preaching for more than a decade: turning Germany into an ethnically pure, nationalistically-driven economic machine for making Germany great again. And he thought he could do it fast. For that, Hitler had Hermann Gring and Joseph Goebbels. In 1933, they were not yet the monsters of history that they later became. But they were ambitious political operatives with a radical agenda and a charismatic leader. They acted with speed and force. Grings power lay in the sly way Hitler had negotiated for control of the Prussian state police apparatus as part of his deal with Papen to become chancellor. Gring quickly fired the moderates in the security apparatus and suspended civil liberties of targeted groupsJews, Communists, and even Social Democrats. Gring operated under the pretext of defending Germany against imminent Marxist revolution, imported from the Soviet Union and mounted by Germanys own Communist party. The government in Moscow had indeed hoped for years to foment revolution in Germany, and the local Communists were often inclined to violencejust like the Nazis. But the KPDthe German Communist Partynever came close to seizing power. In the 14 years of the Weimar Republic, the party only once polled more than 15 percent. The Nazis, meanwhile, had hit 37 percent in 1932, making them Germanys largest party even before the takeover in 1933. Still, Communists served as Hitlers proximate bugaboo, justifying all kinds of excesses. He waved the bloody shirt of 30 million killed by the revolutionary regime in Russia to invoke a Jewish-Bolshevist threat in Germany. The only thing that stood between God-fearing Germans and a Communist dictatorship, he implied, was a dictatorship of the Nazis. Hitler also built on an early version of fake news. His starting point was the invented calumny The Protocols of the Elders of Ziona 1903 document alleging a Jewish world conspiracy. Even after Hitler learned the text was a forgery, he continued using it as real because it contained the inner truth about Jewry, he said. In 1932, with Hitler looming ever larger in German politics, Kurt Schumacher, a Social Democratic leader, noted that one thing we admire about the National Socialists is that they have succeeded for the first time in German politics, in the complete mobilization of human stupidity. Thank You! You are now subscribed to the Daily Digest and Cheat Sheet. We will not share your email with anyone for any reason Schumachers biting irony and trenchant warning made no difference. Desperate to build a political firewall against the perceived Communist and Social Democratic threat, the German establishment led by Papen and President von Hindenburg in 1933 invited Hitler to head a government of national concentrationa supposed compromise between Hitlers radicals and establishment conservatives. Within months, it was the conservatives, not Hitler, who were in a corner. After little more than a year, most were marginalized and oneformer chancellor Kurt von Schleicherwas dead, assassinated in Hitlers Night of the Long Knives. Once under the tent, Hitler had been able to seize the whole show and, for Nazi Germany, there was no turning back, only the long, fateful march to self-destruction. ——– Peter Ross Range is author of 1924: The Year That Made Hitler. He is working on a new book about Hitlers rise to power.

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It’s official: Self-proclaimed Nazi changes name to Hitler – USA TODAY

USA Today Network Nick Muscavage, (Bridgewater, N.J.) Courier News Published 4:47 p.m. ET March 24, 2017 | Updated 5:50 p.m. ET March 24, 2017 A New Jersey man is trying to legally change his last name to Hitler. Matt Hoffman reports. Buzz60 Isidore Heath Campbell of Shippensburg, Pa. recently received legal approval March 24, 2017, to change his surname to Hitler. Campbell, whose name change becomes effective May 8, poses in a Nazi uniform he created.(Photo: Courtesy of Isidore Heath Campbell) FLEMINGTON, N.J. A New Jersey judge signed off Fridayon a request for a self-proclaimed Nazi to change his name to Hitler, effective May 8. So in a little more than a month, Isidore Heath Campbell will legally become Isidore Heath Hitler. He had fileda request Feb. 14 in Hunterdon County Superior Court for the name change. No one contested it, so Judge Michael O’Neill signed the order Friday without Campbell appearing for a hearing. “I’m named after a hero,” Campbell said when a reporter contacted him. “The judge approved it. My name is Hitler now.” More:Self-proclaimed Nazi dad wants to change name to Hitler April:Self-identified Nazi pleads guilty to resisting arrest 2013:Adolf Hitler running for election in India New Jersey law has few legal restrictions on names, and the state’s Office of Vital Statistics and Registrycan reject a name only because it contains anobscenity, numerals or symbols or a combination that is “illegible,” according to a 2014 blog entry from the Philadelphia law firm ofObermayer Rebmann Maxwell & Hippel. Campbell’s children, who now are in foster care, apparently will not share thenewHitler surname. His court papers listed only himself. Isidore Heath Campbell of Holland Township, N.J., petitioned Feb. 14, 2017, to change his surname to Hitler. He appears here in an undated file photo; more recently he has grown a mustache similar to the Nazi leader.(Photo: (Bridgewater, N.J.) Courier News) In December 2008, Campbell drew national attentionafter a supermarket bakery refused to write, “Happy Birthday, Adolf Hitler” on a cake for the third birthday of one of his sons,Adolf Hitler Campbell. The fathercomplained that the refusal constituted discrimination, and another bakery fulfilled his request. That child, as well asHeinrich Hons Campbell,JoyceLynn Aryan Nation Campbell and Honzlynn Jeannie Campbell are in foster care because of alleged violence in the Campbell family home, but Campbell disputes that. “They took them over a name,” Campbell said Friday and then proceeded to disparage that judge. “My son’s name is Adolf Hitler. They …went ahead and did what they did.” Campbell listed a temporary Shippensburg, Pa., address on Friday’s court papers but once lived in Holland Township, N.J. Last year, he was arrested on a fugitive warrantin Pennsylvania for an aggravated-assault charge in connection with a domestic-violence incident. In a plea deal, he was sentenced to 180 days in jail and two years probation on obstruction of justice charges and resisting arrest. Campbell also wasthe leader ofthe pro-Nazi group Hitler’s Order that he founded in 2012. The next year he marched into the Hunterdon County Courthouse dressed in a Nazi uniform to petition a family court judge to allow him to see his youngest son,Heinrich, who had been removed from his father’s custody shortly after he was born in 2011. Though Hitler is an uncommon last name, especially since World War II, it is not unheard of. Related:Muhammad Ali never legally changed name from Cassius Clay Related:ACLU says Tenn. judge can’t ban ‘Messiah’ baby name The 2010 Census recorded fewer than 100 people across the USA who have it; 133 people spell it Hittler, according to aNewsdaydatabase. And the Social Security death index logs a dozenpeople named Hitler who died since 1965and had Social Security cards, according to theAncestry.comdatabase, which covers 1935 to 2014. Campbell said he’shappy with this judge because his name change went through and still considers himself a Nazi leader. “I like it when the newspapers put in self-proclaimed Nazi,” he said.”I sincerely, truly thank the judge for what he has done and ‘Heil, Hitler’ to the world.” FollowNick Muscavage on Twitter:@nmuscavage Related: Hitler’s phone that ‘sent millions to their deaths’ sold for $243K at auction Hitlers a best-selling author in Germany again. Why? Austrian home where Hitler was born to house charity Nazi leader diaries show family time, massages and mass murder Read or Share this story: http://usat.ly/2mZTCZi

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Shattuck’s ‘Castle’ evokes what women endured under Hitler – Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Mike Fischer, Special to the Journal Sentinel 12:02 p.m. CT March 24, 2017 The Women in the Castle: A Novel. By Jessica Shattuck. William Morrow. 368 pages. $26.99.(Photo: William Morrow) Late in Jessica Shattucks The Women in the Castle, the daughter of a German soldier whod once loaded Jews into Treblinka-bound trucks walks the Bavarian castle grounds where much of this novel unfolds. Its 1991, but her thoughts travel back a half-century. As a German, she thinks, one knows that if you start poking through a shoebox of photographs, youll find Nazi uniforms and swastikas and children with their arms raised in Heil Hitler salutes. While much of Shattucks well-researched novel takes place in the immediate aftermath of World War II, the three surviving women at its center are haunted by the dozen years of the Thousand Year Reich a great unknowable continent of experience, as Shattuck calls it, that both binds them together and threatens to tear them apart. Marianne, the wealthy daughter of Prussian aristocrats who inherits the castle, is married to a man hanged for his role in the 1944 plot to kill Hitler.Principled as a child when her friends nicknamed her The Judge she remains so as an adult, castigating those Germans who refuse to own up after the war to what theyd done. But in a book where Shattuck manages to be both morally tough-minded and remarkably empathetic toward all of her characters, even this sometimes strident voice of conscience exhibits blind spots. Shattuck lets us see what Marianne too readily forgets: Her moral qualms are not just a mark of her often admirable and heroic character, but also a luxury made possible by wealth and status, protecting her during and after the war. As well see, shes a direct beneficiary of that war, in ways that align her with every limousine liberal who decries while still enjoying privilege. The two poorer women and their children joining Marianne in her castle in the summer of 1945 confront tougher choices. Benita, the less complicated of the two, is a Bavarian peasant whose beauty had led to marriage with the man she initially thinks of as her prince: another of the conspirators whose plot to assassinate Hitler costs him his life.Marianne treats her like a child; in some ways she is one. But she also endures suffering of a sort Marianne cannot begin to fathom. Marianne plucks the more inscrutable and reflective Ania and her sons from a displaced persons camp; the two will become best friends until, suddenly, theyre not sundered by lies Ania has told in order to survive. Shattuck is best in the second half of her book, as she turns her gaze on those immediate postwar years when lying in Germany was both survival tactic and way of life. Whether fishing along a river bank where concentration camp victims were once shot, making a living as a wedding photographer after serving as photo editor for the Nazi newspaper, or spreading a thin quilt of peace and plenty over a pile of manure, the Germans of the late 1940s and early 1950s are portrayed as a country of people denying who theyd been. Even as Castle chronicles the guilt, shame and denial, Shattuck also credibly traces how the descent into madness could have happened, hardening good people one fatal misstep at a time: She knew of the horrors and she didnt, were told of one woman, sketched through Shattucks close third-person narration, shifting among and giving voice to multiple characters.She knew it the way you know something is happening far away in a distant land, something you have no control over: earthquake refugees living in squalid conditions or victims in a foreign war. Shattucks effective, cross-cutting temporal shifts from Kristallnacht in 1938 to the end of the war in 1945, forward to 1950 and then back to the 1920s and 1930s underscores the ongoing, nightmarish yesterday that Germany continued to live, long after the war ended. As one character ruefully learns, one ultimately cannot narrate away evil while staring it in the face. Read or Share this story: https://jsonl.in/2mZdY4L

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Who Leaked America’s Secret War Plans Into Hitler’s Hands? – Daily Beast

Disclosure of Americas top-secret war plans gave Hitler intelligence he needed to win World War IIand some claim FDR himself was behind the leak. With the United States caught up in an undeclared shooting war with Germany in late 1941 and President Franklin D. Roosevelt battling isolationists to deliver more support to the British and the Soviets in their desperate fight against Hitlers forces, the release of top secret American war planning documents shook the nation. Seventy-five years later, the leak continues to stir up controversy. Some even claim that FDR himself was behind the leak of his own militarys blueprint for war against Nazi Germany. World War II was raging in Europe and Indochina throughout 1941, sweeping up virtually every nation on earthexcept the United States. Thanks in large measure to Americans isolationist leanings, the U.S. remained officially neutral while Hitlers forces occupied almost all of Europe, part of North Africa and the Middle East, and advanced deep into the Soviet Union. Meanwhile Japanese forces were waging a long and brutal war in Indochina and preparing for a possible attack on the United States itself. President Franklin D. Roosevelt feared that a Nazi victory over the British and Red armies, the last remaining European holdouts against Hitler, would leave America truly isolated in the face of Germanys and Japans murderous aggression. But in the heat of the tough 1940 presidential campaign, FDR had repeatedly assured American mothers, Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars. Then, on Dec. 4, 1941, came the explosive revelation that seemed to show he was lying. The U.S. military had prepared a lengthy report, called the Victory Program, which spelled out in detail war plans for defeating Germany, down to the sites for invasion and the number of ships, aircraft, tanks, and trucks needed. The deeply isolationist and anti-Roosevelt Chicago Tribune, which revealed the documents existence, ran a huge block type headline declaring: F.D.R.S WAR PLANS! (The same article appeared simultaneously in the Washington Times-Herald, a politically similar newspaper published by the cousin of Tribune publisher Colonel Robert McCormick.) The Tribunes Capitol Hill correspondent, Chesly Manly, described a blueprint for total war on a scale unprecedented in at least two oceans and three continents, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The Victory Program called for a draft army of 5,000,000 troops, from a total manpower of more than 10,000,000 men in uniform, as part of a general national war mobilization. The U.S. would, Manly wrote, invade Europe on the specified date of July 1, 1943, in the final supreme effort to defeat the mighty German army Most Americans recognized the threat Hitler posed to the nation, particularly should the British, presently backed by American Lend-Lease shipments of munitions, ships, aircraft, and guns, give up the fight. But the majority of people this side of the Atlantic had little stomach for sending American soldiers to fight a war thousands of miles distant. Nerves were on edge over the increasing possibility of war with Japan, though even many among the nations military brass considered that unlikely and, should war come, unlike Germany, anticipated an easy fight against an overmatched enemy far from the American homeland. And while an undeclared war against German U-boats in the Atlantic had led President Roosevelt to call for his navy to shoot on sight, a naval war to protect cargo ships was a far cry from an expeditionary army requiring virtually every one of the countrys young men, and many older ones, too, to go to war in Europe. The Victory Plans detailing of the requirements for an American invasion of northwestern Europe and its stunning cost (more than $150 billion when the current annual defense budget amounted to about $6.4 billion), and a summation that Ultimate victory over the Axis powers will place a demand upon industry few have yet conceived, swept the American political landscape with tsunami force. The Tribunes revelation of what McCormick crowed was the greatest scoop in history seemed to put the lie to all of FDRs repeated claims that he would not take the country to war. The isolationists including Charles Lindbergh, leading spokesman for the America First antiwar campaign, saw in the Victory Program proof of what they had claimed all along: The duplicitous FDR intended to go to war, despite most Americans desire to keep out of the war. FDR-hater McCormick declared in his newspapers pages, Roosevelt didnt talk that way when he was a candidate for the third term, just a little more than a year ago. If he had he would have been defeated as a mad man. The American republic has been betrayed, an isolationist Massachusetts Republican congressman declared. The timing for the antiwar side could not have been better as business in Congress, now in an uproar with members brandishing copies of the Tribune on the House Chamber floor, skidded to a halt in its debate over a huge new defense appropriation bill. Defeating the Nazis as planned in the published documents, proclaimed Senate Republican leader Robert Taft of Ohio, would bankrupt the United States and put an end to what we have known as democracy. Perhaps the most vocal and staunch isolationist in Congress, Senate Democrat Burton K. Wheeler of Montana, announced he would lead an investigation into charges that the president had been deceiving Congress and the public about his real intentions. Any chance that FDR had of further expanding the increasingly violent undeclared war with Germany in the Atlantic Ocean seemed doomed. But who released the war plans and why? The document circulated only among the highest national leadership. The Wrong Man with the Plan Most fingers pointed to one man. In the summer of 1941, the world was at war and the U.S. had a small draft army, less than a tenth the size of Germanys alone. Men and officers were poorly trained, had few weapons, and remained uncertain about their mission. The White House knew little about what it might take to ramp up production and assemble men and materiel for the colossal force that would be needed to defeat Hitlers hardened armed forceslet alone the increasingly looming threat of facing Japan, Germanys Axis partner, in a two-ocean war. While pushing his military to study the nations needs in the eventuality of war, FDR had pointedly resisted signing off on any of these studies as the basis for war preparations. On July 9 finally Roosevelt ordered Stimson and his Navy counterpart, Frank Knox, to come up with a plan for the overall production requirements required to defeat our potential enemies. To prepare for even a possible war, the armed forces needed to understand what that war might look like. And the likeliest enemy of all was Germany. The man tasked to lead the project could not have been politically less suited for the job. Major Albert Wedemeyer, head of the War Departments War Plans division and lead author of the Victory Program, admitted some years later that he became the planner of a war I did not want. While studying at the German war college in Berlin in the late 1930s, he became a Nazi sympathizer. He regarded Hitler as a far less dangerous threat to American interests than the worldwide Communist conspiracy centered in Moscow. While in Germany he joined with Lindbergh during his aviation tours. The two shared an admiration for Germanys development into a disciplined, racially-based society under Hitler. Both largely ignored the Fhrers leadership of a state that euthanized the mentally challenged; imprisoned, tortured, and murdered its political opponents; broke treaty after treaty; invaded and annexed neighboring lands; and unleashed horrific anti-Semitic violence. Wedemeyer considered Germanys drive for conquest a national movement to win living space [away from] more backward peoples. He even attended one of the many America First rallies where Lindbergh spoke out against the commander in chief. He nonetheless took on the assignment so that my country would be prepared for any contingency which fate, politicians, or power-drunk leaders [by which he meant Roosevelt] might precipitate. Thank You! You are now subscribed to the Daily Digest and Cheat Sheet. We will not share your email with anyone for any reason Astonishingly enough, he delivered a brilliant document in two months. Working feverishly with a small Army, Navy, and Air Force team, he drew together information about Americas raw materials, industrial and transportation base, the ships, aircraft, weapons, and men needed to defeat Hitler, and combined them into a blueprint for mobilizing the armed forces calculated to bring our enemies to their knees in the shortest possible time. In hindsight, the Allied strategy seems intuitive: Get millions of men and supporting materiel to Great Britain while keeping the British and Red Army in the fight, primarily with Lend-Lease supplies, soften up German antiaircraft defenses to gain air superiority, bomb Germanys industrial base from the air, and stage sufficient firepower for an invasion of the Continent across the English Channel as quickly and decisively as possible. But nobody knew that at the time, most doubted that Moscow would survive for long, some wondered whether Great Britain could hold on, and many leaders, including Prime Minister Winston Churchill and his military advisers, thought that eventual victory over Germany might come through air power alone. Wedemeyers Victory Program submitted on Sept. 11, 1941, amounted, according to FDR speechwriter Robert Sherwood, to one of the most remarkable documents of American history, for it set down the basic strategy of a global war before this country was involved in it. Its release also provided an intelligence coup for Nazi Germany. Upon learning about the war plans release, Germanys Charg dAffaires Hans Thomsen at its Washington Embassy immediately telegraphed Berlin about the sensation the report had caused. He summarized the documents findings about the war and noted that the report confirmed the known fact that America would not be ready for full-scale war before July 1943. Hitler seemed to recognize the need to reorient his forces to stave off this eventual American invasion strategy. The Fhrer issued a war directive a week after the Victory Programs release to increase air defenses around key industries, move more troops to defend Western Europes coastline, and greatly step up Atlantic Ocean attacks to keep American invasion forces from ever reaching Britain. This strategy might have delayed U.S. entry into the fight so long that Germany could not lose. Given Germanys limited war-making resources, Hitler commanded his forces in the Soviet Union to halt their aggressive tactics, to preserve his power for the westward transfer. However, after visiting the Eastern Front a few days later, he grew infuriated by his forces failures to achieve his goals there. He quickly reversed his orders and called for his armies to go back on the attack against the massive Red Army. With that disastrous decision, he sealed Nazi Germanys doom. Who Leaked the Victory Plan? The White House made no attempt to deny that the Tribune had quoted from the real Victory Program prepared at the Presidents request over the summer. An enraged Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson railed against the patriotism of a man or a newspaper which would take these confidential studies and make them public to the enemies of the country. He called for a great State prosecution of McCormick and leaders within the America First organization, for their disloyalty. Others in the Cabinet demanded McCormicks immediate arrest for aiding the nations enemiesin a word, treason. FDR was at first ready to pursue prosecution, but then told his press secretary, Steve Early, to release a statement that newspapers had the right to print the news. The president did instruct the FBI and Army to investigate the source of the leak. All fingers immediately pointed at Wedemeyer. His Nazi and America First sympathies were well-known. FBI agents descended upon me like vultures upon a prostrate antelope, he recalled. His life was turned upside down while he and his associates homes were searched, mail read, and telephones wiretapped. However, the FBI finally exonerated him. The talented Wedemeyer eventually made general and continued to serve as head of War Plans, helping to plan the successful Normandy Invasion. He was later transferred to a command post in Southeast Asia. His staunch anti-communism brought him into a later alliance with Senator Joseph McCarthy. He lived to age 102 and died in 1989. Three days after the bombshell of the war plans leak hit, real bombs fell on Pearl Harbor. Four days later, Germany declared war on the U.S. In the fire of real war, nobody was ever charged with the crime of releasing Americas top secret war plans. Several possible culprits have arisen in the years since. In 1976, a sensationalistic biography of Sir William Stephenson, the director of the British Security Coordination (BSC), the secret and massive Western Hemisphere-wide intelligence operations based in Manhattans Rockefeller Center, claimed that the man who would later serve as the model for Ian Flemings James Bond had himself concocted the Victory Plan. He supposedly then released it through hidden channels in an effort to provoke Germany to declare war. That scenario appears completely preposterous on the face of it. Even FDR proved not above suspicion. In 1987, historian Thomas Fleming published a book on the battles within the FDR Administration over its war policies. In it he accuses the president of having brought about the leak as a backdoor way to provoke Germany into declaring war. Hitler did cite the Victory Program as one among numerous excuses to declare war on the U.S., including the naval battles that had already taken place in the Atlantic. However, clearly based on documents from the German foreign ministry, Hitler was already committed to join in the war Japan was about to launch against the U.S. Caught up in a two-ocean war, his unprepared enemy could not, he was convinced, mobilize before he defeated the Red Army and made Fortress Europe impregnable to attack. According to Fleming, Wedemeyer told him in 1987 that he suspected FDR of having manufactured the leak. I have always been convinced, on some sort of intuitional level, that President Roosevelt authorized it, the then 100-year-old general said. But Wedemeyer never lost his dislike of the war he didnt want and the commander in chief he didnt trust. No evidence has ever been found to implicate FDR in any way in any plot to disclose the Victory Program. In 1962, with the statute of limitations on the crime having expired, the former isolationist in chief and Montana senator Burton Wheeler owned up to his definitive role in the leak. He wrote that an unnamed Army Air Forces captain was his mole. The officer, who had passed him confidential information about military preparedness over the previous year, now delivered what Wheeler described as the most closely guarded secret in Washington, a document as thick as an average novel, wrapped in brown paper and labeled Victory Program. Tribune reporter Manly joined Wheeler at his Washington home where they read and copied out extensive portions of the war plan. Wheeler explained his willingness to leak the top secret document as his belief that the American people should learn what was in store for them if we entered the war Wheelers son, a Washington attorney, later claimed that the leak plot went higher and deeper. The army captain, he said had told his father he was only a messenger. According to the son, the captain had been dispatched by Army Air Forces commanding general Henry Hap Arnold, who was reportedly disturbed by the lack of sufficient aircraft going to his forces in the current Lend-Lease period and in the planned buildup for war. According to the story, the FBI investigation led them to Arnold, but, at FDRs behest, stopped its investigation before word got out to the public. However, again, in the military hierarchy of the time this seems highly unlikely. Nothing showing Arnolds fingerprints, real or figurative, on any of the disclosed documents has ever been found. So, who leaked the most closely guarded secret in the nation? I think that like Wedemeyer the unnamed captain was quite likely one of the many officers within the regular military establishment who distrusted Roosevelt. Many felt incensed that the government was already caught up in war with Hitler and grew increasingly angry, perhaps even frightened, at the prospect of entry into the world war. Wheeler said the captain told him, I think [Congress] has a right to know whats really going on in the executive branch when it concerns human lives. After 75 years, not a shred of concrete evidence shows that the mole, whoever he was, acted other than alone in leaking the Victory Program. As shocking disclosures of government secrets by WikiLeaks and within the Executive Branch reach the press again and again, some may wonder whether future historians will figure out who is responsible. Judging from the continued uncertainty over a leak that might have brought Nazi victory in World War II, the answer is almost certainly no.

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March 26, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed

Who’s the modern-day Hitler? There isn’t one – Delmarva Daily Times

Inhabitants of Lwow on July 2, 1941, Soviet occupied former Poland wave at a passing truckload of German solders as Nazi; troops took over the city. (AP Photo)(Photo: Anonymous, AP) The Nazis still haunt us. The fear that, like vampires, they’ll be back is what seems to haunt us most. You can see it in the constant comparisons. This or that leader is like Hitler, this or that is taking us down the road to fascism. Were worried sick. The history books say the Allies won the war in 1945. But in a way, World War II still isnt over. There are still people who remember the concentration camps, the bombing raids, the parents who never came home, the lives broken. Some of us remember, and the rest of us have heard about many times, the fascist dictatorships’ effort to control what everyone thought and believed, the effort to mold truth itself to the twisted aims of nationalism run amok. The most horrifying of all was the attempt to exterminate an entire race, an effort that would eventually have led to the enslavement or extermination of all races but the European one. You dont just get over something like that in a generation, were finding out. Our collective fear of this happening again is like the fear of hell that hangs over many Christians. Everything becomes a slippery slope down toward the flames, and life is spent climbing up that slippery slope as fast as you can, the heat on your back. Fear of Nazis does have its upsides. Those humans in the 1930s werent any different from us, at their core, and thats terrifying. We must remember that if it happened before, it can happen again. RELATED:Anti-Trump billboard artist receives death threats This is helpful because humans have vast reserves of complacency that we tap into every time we get a few peaceful decades. A hallmark of modern times is a belief arrived at by ignoring a great deal of evidence that the arc of history is bending inevitably toward justice. The Roman senators must have felt much the same way in the glory days of the Republic, oblivious to the centuries of dark ages looming just ahead. For many people, the recent presidential election has deflated this modern optimism somewhat. Perhaps, we think, human history may be going around in circles chasing its tail. If this can shake us out of smug complacency, thats a good thing. That being said,the temptation is also strong to make false and reckless comparisons. We see trends inching us toward disaster, and we screech The Nazis are here! The fascists will seize our democracy! Those who use this kind of hyper rhetoric lose credibility, even if theyre pointing out trends that really are dangerous. I’m not aware of any world leaders right now who can be compared in a meaningful way with Hitler. Even North Korea’s Kim Jong Un, unhinged as he is, doesn’t spout the kind of racism that Hitler did or have access to the kind of military Hitler did.Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIS, might be our closest modern equivalent, but his little band of extremists has only a tiny fraction of the clout the Nazis did. MORE OPINION:The Holocaust: It could happen again The next disaster for humanity will probably not follow the same script 1930s Germany did. We are surrounded by oppression, and we dont have to wait to tackle problems until theyre as out of hand as the Third Reich. Theres the militarization of police, racial discrimination and a war on drugs thats loading up our prisons to the bursting point. There are unjust immigration policies. There are laws that help people enjoy vast wealth while many others live in misery and squalor. Leaders can be rotten without being Nazis. I hope we never forget the horrors of World War II. Its good to be on our guard against repeating that nightmare. But not to the point that we label every political movement we dont like as a return to fascism. Lets just confront oppression, whatever its name. Andrew Sharp is a producer at The Daily Times and delmarvanow.com. Email him at asharp@delmarvanow.com. Find him on Twitter @buckeye_201 and on Facebook @andrewsharp201. MORE FROM SHARP:Health care costs explained in simple terms MORE FROM SHARP:Criminals are people too, and we should treat them that way Read or Share this story: http://www.delmarvanow.com/story/opinion/columnists/2017/03/24/hitler-nazi-comparisons-politics/99542348/

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March 26, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed

JFK Diary Reveals His Fascination With Hitler – Biography

Biography JFK Diary Reveals His Fascination With Hitler Biography His last stop was Germany, where he visited Adolf Hitler 's bomb-ravaged residence in the Bavarian Alps. (Just four months prior, the Fhrer had committed suicide in Berlin.) Clearly impacted by his visit, Kennedy recorded his thoughts in his diary … JFK diary calls Hitler 'stuff of legends' BBC News John F. Kennedy once wrote that Adolf Hitler had the stuff of which legends are made Salon JFK Diary With Reflections On Hitler Up For Auction CBS Boston / WBZ CBS News  – TIME  – TownandCountrymag.com (blog)  – Issuu all 22 news articles »

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March 24, 2017   Posted in: Hitler  Comments Closed


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