Archive for the ‘Hitler’ Category

North Korea Says Trump Is Following Hitler’s Path and His ‘America First’ Policies Are More Brutal Than Nazism – Newsweek

North Koreas state-run news agency has slammed President Donald Trumps America First policies as being even more ferocious and brutal than Nazism under Adolf Hitler. The editorial, titled Nazism in the 21st CenturyDefeating America First, published by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) Tuesday, comes at a time of increasing tensions between the two countries and ahead of South Korean President Moon Jae-Ins first visit to the White House this week.

Related: North Korea threat is top priority, says Trumps new ambassador to China

The American-first principle…advocates the world domination by recourse to military means just as was the case with Hitlers concept of world occupation, read the editorial, in comments translated by The Japan Times.

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It added: The American version of Nazism [is] far surpassing the fascism in the last century in its ferocious, brutal and chauvinistic nature.

The wild charges follow Trumps touting of hisAmerica First theme since his campaign last year. Trumphas threatened to pull out of international trade agreements and military alliances, and has withdrawn the U.S. from the Paris climate agreement.

KCNA had some strong words for the United States president, too, claiming that he was following Hitlers dictatorial politics, dividing people into either friends or foes and manufacturing an atmosphere of horror among political, public, media, information and all other circles in the U.S.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un watches a test of a new anti-aircraft guided-weapon system organized by the Academy of National Defense Science in this undated photo released by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), May 28. KCNA/Reuters

Writing on the North Korea analysis site 38North, Robert Carlin, a visiting scholar at Stanford Universitys Center for International Security and Cooperation, said Monday that over the past month Pyongyang had relaxed restrictions on rhetorical attacks on the new U.S. administration.

The coarsening language toward the administration, and toward the president himself, seems to reflect a slowly sharpening discussion within the regime over how to react once Washington announced its new policy of maximum pressure and dialogue, Carlin added.

In the face of continued North Korea missile launches and its repeated vows to carry out a sixth nuclear test, the White House has talked up the possibility of a major conflict with that country.

Another point of contention was the case of American Otto Warmbier, whodiedlast week just days after returning home to the U.S. in a coma after17 months in North Korean detention. Following Warmbiers death, Trump condemned the brutality of the North Korean regime.

South Korean President Moon also blamed North Korea for Warmbiersdeath. However, Moon, who was elected last month, has embraced a more diplomatic, cooperative stance with North Korea in comparison to his conservative predecessors of the past decade.

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North Korea Says Trump Is Following Hitler’s Path and His ‘America First’ Policies Are More Brutal Than Nazism – Newsweek

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One tried to kill him, one tried to save him: the women who flew for Hitler – Telegraph.co.uk

In September 1938, Melitta von Stauffenberg touched down on British soil. The German pilot was a special guest at Chigwell airfield, in Essex, which had been put at the disposal of the British Womens Air Reserve.

Keen to show off Germanys female aviators, Nazi Minister for Aviation Hermann Gring, selected Melitta to take part in the displays at the grand opening.

Her official mission was to extend the hand of friendship. Unofficially, she was there to show British pilots how it was done. Melitta, 35, hated publicity and was loathe to take part.

Nevertheless, she wowed the crowds by performing perilous loops. Yet even as she did, Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain was, at that very moment, in talks with Hitler in Cologne.

Less than a week later, Britain agreed to the German annexation of the Czech Sudetenland. Within a year, the two countries would be at war.

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One tried to kill him, one tried to save him: the women who flew for Hitler – Telegraph.co.uk

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Donald Trump Is Not Like Hitler, Says the Director of ‘Downfall’ – IndieWire

Oliver Hirschbiegels 2004 drama Downfall was the definitive portrait of Adolf Hitler at the end of WWII, examining the dictator during his final days as he ran out of options. It also provided fodder for one of the greatest viral memes of all time the Downfall parody videos, which position fake subtitles over a pivotal scene in which Hitler (Bruno Ganz) lashes out at his staff upon realizing that hes lost the war. Over the years, Hitler has lashed out over topics ranging from Oasis splitting up to Ben Affleck getting cast as the Batman.

While this wasnt part of Hirschbiegels plan, the video does speak to his skills as a filmmaker, given that the scene is filled with pregnant pauses and sudden bursts of anger that make it the perfect template for so many circumstances.

READ MORE: 13 Minutes Trailer: Downfall Director Oliver Hirschbiegel Dramatizes the Failed Plot to Assassinate Hitler

Needless to say, a lot of the world has felt like it has been watching a slowed-down, real-life version of the Downfall parody ever since Donald Trump became a candidate for president. The cartoonish ex-reality stars heated temperament and outsized ego drag the histrionics of the Downfall scene into modern times. But Hirschbiegel, who has revised the Third Reich era with 13 Minutes, opening this week, is wary of comparing the two figures.

You cant compare Trump to Hitler, Hirschbiegel said. Hes certainly not a dictator or a tyrant who slaughtered his own people, as Hitler did. Instead, the director said that the parallel exists only in the impulses that catapulted Trump to the White House. Overall, there seems to be this tendency where people do not believe in the political system and they feel betrayed by the elite, he said. Thats why theyre looking for figures like Trump or Teresa May. They put hope in people like that, which is terrible, because these people only work by a system of right or wrong, or winning and losing. Thats childish. Thats not what civilized people should do in a diverse, globalized society.

In 13 Minutes, Hirschbiegel chronicles the little-known efforts of the working class carpenter Georg Elser (Christian Frieden), who attempted to assassinate Hitler in November 1939. Elser set off a bomb at a rally that killed several people, but Hitler had left the event early; Elser was later arrested and executed at the Dachau concentration camp. Hirschbiegel noted that the film was welcomed positively in Germany, unlike Downfall, which was seen as controversial for foregrounding Hitlers experiences.

Elsers not a known figure, Hirschbiegel said, but he is the first to see that somebody needed to do something. He was really clairvoyant. People appreciated this character. We need people like that today looking at the state of the world. He wasnt a political person. He just saw something terribly wrong happening and nobody was doing anything about it. The reality was way more drastic. In order to stop this, he knew he had to become the tyrant slayer.

READ MORE: Robert Smigel on Triumphs Hulu Specials and Why He Regrets Comparing Donald Trump to Hitler

While Hirschbiegel stopped short of saying that America needs its own Elser, the filmmaker did acknowledge that Trump has had a dramatic effect on the way American citizens are evaluating their individual responsibilities. Trump is all about power, Hirschbiegel said. But the good effect of Trump is that people are waking up. Theyre realizing, Oops, I should vote and I should have a position. Because if I dont, watch out: someone will get elected who doesnt represent my interests and could abuse the whole country.

13 Minutes opens theatrically on Friday, June 30. Watch the trailer below:

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Donald Trump Is Not Like Hitler, Says the Director of ‘Downfall’ – IndieWire

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North Korea likens Donald Trump to Hitler – Globalnews.ca

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U.S. President Donald Trump pictured on June 26, 2017, in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington.

North Korean state media compared U.S. President Donald Trumps America First principals to Nazism, in an editorial published Monday.

The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) published an article dubbed We Reject American-first Principle- Nazism in the 21st Century as tensions remain high between the two countries.

The idea is the American version of Nazism far surpassing the fascism in the last century in its ferocious, brutal and chauvinistic nature, reads the article. The American-first principle arouses denunciation by the public at home and abroad as it advocates the world domination by recourse to military means just as was the case with Hitlers concept of world occupation.

READ MORE: North Korea says its the biggest victim following death of Otto Warmbier

Just following Hitlers dictatorial politics, Trumps two-nation strategy justifies suppression after dividing nationals into two categories i.e. friends and foes, the article went on to say.

The editorial also criticized Trumps anti-immigration policies, calling them little short of fascisms racist politics, adding that Trump has denied the history of the U.S. itself, a multi-national and multi-racial country.

The state-run media accused the U.S. of violating the Paris climate agreement.

WATCH: Coverage of the Otto Warmbier case

The Trump way of thinking that the whole world may be sacrificed just for the better living of the U.S., has put even its allies and stooges in a pretty fix, reads the editorial. The U.S. wantonly violated the Paris agreement on preservation of earth environment as an extension of its moves of defying even international law and agreements.

This comes just days after the death of U.S. university student Otto Warmbier, who died shortly after being released from a North Korean prison. Warmbier, a tourist, was sentenced to 15 years of hard labour for trying to steal an item bearing a propaganda slogan from his hotel, North Korea state media said.

READ MORE: North Korea tests rocket engine that could help it produce a ballistic missile

Trump blamed the brutality of the North Korean regime for Warmbiers death.

On Thursday, North Korea conducted another rocket test, which could be part of its program to develop an intercontinental ballistic missile, according to U.S. officials.

The test came a day after the United States pressed China to exert more economic and diplomatic pressure on North Korea to help rein in its nuclear and missile programs.

2017Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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North Korea likens Donald Trump to Hitler – Globalnews.ca

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Nazi leader Adolf Hitler started World War 2 to ‘wield spear that … – Daily Star

ADOLF Hitler was obsessed with seizing a mythical biblical relic and led the Nazis to war to get his hands on it, it has been shockingly been claimed.

Occult historians allege the leader of the Third Reich had a fixation on magical artefact the so-called Spear of Destiny.

Nazi soldiers annexed Austria in 1938, and it is claimed Hitler sent a secret SS squad to capture the legendary spear also known as the Holy Lance which was hidden in Vienna.

World War 2 was started as Hitler believed the power of the weapon would give him the power to conquer the world, some writers outrageously claim.

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Eva Braun kept a personal photo album, full of photos of her lover Adolf Hitler which he had never authorised to be released to the public. The album was found in Eva Braun’s home by a photographer at the end of WW2, and has gone up for auction at C&T Auctions in Kent

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A candid photo of Adolf Hitler reading through papers

I think it is a very damaging misconception about history

Hitler is said to have become obsessed with the weapon while spending his youth in Austria, in repeated claims linked back to British occult author Trevor Ravenscroft.

The writer claimed he had access to the notes of Dr Walter Stein an Austrian philosopher and Holy Grail researcher who is said to have known the young Nazi leader.

It is claimed that after conquering Austria and arriving in Vienna on March 12, 1938, the Nazi boss first port of call was the Hofmuseum the resting place of the Spear of Destiny.

To this day the black and golden blade is on display at the Hofburg Palace and history records say the item was a ceremonial item used by the Holy Roman Empire.

Hitlers associations with the occult and black magic has long been the subject of modern myth.

Historians attribute the Nazi partys use of German mythology in its iconography to the alleged links between the Fuhrer and an interest in magic and Biblical legend.

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Myth has long been associated with the Holy Lance which is known in Christianity as the Spear of Longinus.

Legend claims the spear was wielded by Roman centurion Longinus when he stabbed Jesus Christ in the side as he hung from the cross on the mount in Calvary.

Christian stories claim the blood of Jesus went into Longinus’ eyes, healing his blindness, and he went on to become a saint.

His spear reportedly ended up in the hands of the Holy Roman Empire, before being seized by the Nazis in the conquest of Austria.

Churches around the world venerate what many believe to be items from Jesus’ life, or the crucifixion. Could these prove the existence of the son of God?

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Filmmaker Simcha Jacobovici believes these nails he discovered in a cave in Jerusalem were used to nail Jesus to the cross

Believers in the Nazis’ obsession with the Spear of Destiny claim it was what drove Hitler to go on a conquest of Europe.

A quote attributed to Hitler in various occult history books claims he described being smitten with the spear after seeing as a young man.

It says: I felt as though I myself had held it in my hands before in some earlier century of that I myself had once claimed it as my talisman of power and held the destiny of the world in my hands.

It is said the Nazis stashed the artefact with other seized objects and artworks in Nuremberg.

Hitler has long been claimed to have had a fascination with the occult something popularised in movies such as Indiana Jones and games such as Wolfenstein.

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Modern myth claims Hitler kept control of the Spear right up until the dying days of the war.

The artefact was then found when the US army seized Nuremberg.

It is then claimed by occultists that it was recaptured at the very same moment Hitler shot himself in his Fhrerbunker in Berlin.

These colour photographs show war from the point of view of a Nazi soldier. See how members of the sick genocidal regime viewed the most devastating war in history

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German soldiers carry the swastika-draped coffin of a dead Nazi

Dozens of paintings by Adolf Hitler were on show for a private viewing in Nuremberg on Wednesday, as the Weidler Auction House gets set to put the pictures and documents under the hammer to be awarded to highest bidder. This

The ‘neo-Nazi village’ where neighbours give each other Hitler salutes

Up close with Adolf Hitler’s Panzer 1000 MEGA-TANK

Historians agree the object known as the Spear of Destiny was seized by Hitler from Vienna.

But they cast doubt over the theory peddled by occultists that the reasons behind its capture was a hidden obsession of the Fuhrer.

Historian Sean Munger, who hosts the Second Decade podcast on iTunes, told Daily Star Online: “The Hofburg Spear is definitely an interesting and historically significant artefact.

“However, in our own time, much of the interest in the ‘Spear of Destiny’ has stemmed from what I think is a very damaging misconception about history, which is unfortunately very popular: the myth of ‘Nazi black magic’ or Nazi occultism.”

He blasts the occultists theory as not supported by the historical record.

Mr Munger added: To claim that Hitlers motivation for refining the Nazi Party as he did was to advance this kind of cultural or quasi-religious mythology is very misleading.

“Theres a difference, especially in politics, between motivation and marketing.”

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Hitler-inspired Schemes of Partition Are Abolishing the Republic of Cyprus – HuffPost

Turkey and the British Empire never forgave Cyprus for escaping their colonial brutality.

WWI wrecked the Ottoman Empire. Its successor state, Turkey, has been under the delusion that fomenting a zealous Islam can recreate its former power. WWII forced the diminution and abolition of the British Empire, now a weak and small version of its former self remains, known as the United Kingdom.

Cyprus passed from the Ottoman to the British Empire in late nineteenth century.

The British sowed the seeds for the ceaseless conflicts between Greeks and Turks in Cyprus. In a declassified 10 November 1956 document, A Memorandum on Possible Schemes of Partition, the British colonial officials proposed Cyprus be divided into a Greek and a Turkish zone with population exchange to make each zone independent of each other. This meant the British would continue to rule the two zones of Greeks and Turks on the island.

However, the Cypriot Greeks won their war against the British administrators and occupiers of their country. In 1960, Cyprus became the independent Republic of Cyprus. This political change intensified the antagonism of the Cypriot Turks and Turkey towards the Greeks and the Republic of Cyprus.

The almost inevitable clash between Turkey and the Republic of Cyprus came in two invasions Turkey launched against Cyprus: 20 July 1974 and 14 August 1974. The effects were catastrophic for the island. On August 3, 1974, Glafcos Clerides, president of Cyprus, telegraphed Richard Nixon, president of the United States. He said this about the Turkish atrocities of the first invasion:

I wish to bring to your knowledge that the invading Turkish army as you must already be aware has shown absolute disregard to the 1949 Geneva conventions and to the fundamental human rights. Besides the indiscriminate bombing, shelling and shooting of unarmed civilians and of such internationally protected institutions of infirmaries, hospitals, schools, and even Red Cross Center of Cyprus, the Turkish army has inflicted unprecedented harassment on the civilian population of the area it has occupied in northern Cyprus. The Turkish army after occupying the Greek inhabited area in and around the city of Kyrenia have systematically looted and plundered the properties of the inhabitants, have arrested all the men, molested women, children and elderly people and indulged in repeated rapes, arsons, cold blooded murders of civilians and forced expulsion of the inhabitants from their homes. Around 20,000 civilians have already been forced by the Turkish army to leave their homes situated in northern Cyprus.

I appeal to you in the hope that you will exert the maximum of your influence on the Turkish government to stop immediately all actions violating the relevant Security Council resolutions in Cyprus, the fundamental human rights and international humanitarian principles.

Its doubtful Nixon ever read this desperate appeal. He faced impeachment. Nixon resigned on 9 August 1974. However, Nixons Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, cared less about Cyprus. In fact, on 14 August 1974, the first day of the second Turkish invasion of Cyprus, Kissinger spoke on the phone to his British colleague, James Callaghan, Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary, and agreed the US and the UK would do nothing to stop the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. Callaghan said: the Turks have got a good cause [for their attack on Cyprus]. In my view this can now only be resolved by the creation of a zone. A zone in which they will have autonomy within a federal republicit is Greece who will need massaging because the Turks are too jingoistic, indeed too close to Hitler for my liking.

Callaghan was only perceptible in his mentioning of Hitler, and not merely because the Turks were astonishingly violent and they reminded him of the German Nazi leader.

Callaghan expressed the British colonial view of zoning the natives, separating them, locking them up in concentration camps-like zones to be oppressed, indeed annihilated eventually. And since in the case of Cyprus, Turkey had the guns and the Turks reminded him of Hitler and his similar tactics on minorities or undesirables, the annihilation in Cyprus would be done by the Turks. The Greeks would be given a choice of becoming Moslems or be annihilated.

Despite this infrastructure of centuries of antagonisms between Turks and Greeks, the relatively recent bloody invasions of Cyprus by Turkey, and the almost certain prospect of zoning the Cypriots into unacceptable and racist ghettos, the president of the Republic of Cyprus, Nikos Anastasiades, agreed to the zoning solution.

Starting tomorrow, 28 June 2017, Turkey, Greece, the UN and the two leaders of the Cypriots, Greek and Turkish, but not the president of the Republic of Cyprus, will start a secret conference in Geneva. The chilling precedence for this secret conclave in Geneva deciding the disappearance of the Republic of Cyprus comes from the Munich Conference of 29 September 1938 that gave Hitler Czechoslovakia to do as he saw fit.

Hitler wiped out Czechoslovakia to benefit Germans. Similarly, Turkey is planning to do the same thing to the Greeks of Cyprus. And the almost unbelievable thing is that plenty of Cypriot Greeks and the political leaders of Greece have swallowed the propaganda of Turkey, UK and the United Nations that putting the Greeks of Cyprus into a zone is just fine. The fact this decision is being taken behind the backs of the Greeks and the world, that Turkey is an open book of hatred for Greeks, remains unnoticed. Death foretold in civilized silence.

The Greeks of Cyprus need to denounce their president and rush to elect an alternative administration for the defense of their lives and their Republic. All Greeks from all over the world should join them. EU and America should support democracy in Cyprus, proscribing the Munich paradigm at the heart of the Geneva conference.

Turkey should be ordered to remove its troops from Cyprus.

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Hitler-inspired Schemes of Partition Are Abolishing the Republic of Cyprus – HuffPost

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The Man Who Almost Killed Hitler – Jewish Week

JTA What if Adolf Hitler had been assassinated shortly after his armies invaded Poland to start World War II? How would global and Jewish history have played out?

The question is not answered directly in the German film 13 Minutes. But the movie, based on an actual, lone-wolf plot to kill the Fuhrer that nearly succeeded, is both a classical thriller, pitting one man against the system, and an exploration of how minute circumstance can affect the fates of millions.

13 Minutes is directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel, who is perhaps best known for his remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers with Nicole Kidman and Daniel Craig, as well as The Downfall, which re-created Hitlers last days in a Berlin bunker.

At the heart of the films plot is Georg Elser (played by Christian Friedel), a 35-year-old carpenter and tinkerer in a small Swabian village who played in the town band and was popular with the local girls. Hes a communist sympathizer but not a party member who observes with growing concern how his village gradually transformed during the early years of Nazi rule.

Elser sees an acquaintance who is forced to sit on the street surrounded by Brownshirts and townspeople with a sign around her neck reading, In the village I am the greatest swine and consort only with Jews (it rhymes in German). He attends a propaganda film in which Hitler proclaims that under his rule every German will have a radio, then a luxury, and the rutted village roads will be paved and lighted.

In 13 Minutes, Christian Friedel portrays Georg Elser, a German whose bomb, intended to kill Adolf Hitler, failed because the Fuhrer ended his beer hall speech earlier than expected. Bernd Schuller/Sony Pictures Classics

At a time when expert statesmen and pundits maintained that Hitler represented a temporary aberration or could be appeased, Elser becomes convinced that the Fuhrer will plunge Germany into war and that if nobody else will stop the Nazi dictator, he must do the job himself.

Elser knew that Hitler addressed his followers at Munichs largest beer hall every Nov. 8, the date of his foiled 1923 putsch to seize power in the Bavarian city as a base to overthrow the Weimar Republic.

So, starting in late 1938, he repeatedly visited the beer hall, taking careful measurements of the columns flanking the speakers podium. Elser took a job in an armaments factory and smuggled out explosives, dynamite sticks and detonators.

As Nov. 8 drew closer, Elser labored night after night on his knees, holding a flashlight in his mouth, to insert the homemade bomb into the column. He connected the bomb to two clocks timed to trigger during Hitlers typically lengthy tirade.

Christian Friedel during the 5th German Director Award Metropolis at in Munich, Germany in 2015. Getty Images

On the evening of the putsch anniversary, Elser took a train to the Swiss border to await news of Hitlers death. Instead, however, he learned that the Fuhrer had unexpectedly cut short his speech.

Exactly 13 minutes after Hitler left the podium, the bomb exploded at the precise spot where Hitler had been standing. The blast killed seven Nazi officials and, to Elsers lifelong regret, an innocent waitress.

As Elser tried to cross the border into Switzerland, something about his behavior aroused the suspicion of a German border guard, who arrested Elser and sent him, under guard, to a Gestapo prison in Berlin.

Hitler was convinced that Elser was but a tool in a vast conspiracy orchestrated by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and demanded that Elser be tortured until he revealed the masterminds behind the assassination attempt. But even under the most brutal torture, Elser refused to give even his name and birth date. Only after the Gestapo drags in his longtime lover, who is pregnant with his child, does he acknowledge the plot, with himself as the sole author.

Nobody believed Elsers story, but instead of being executed on the spot, he was shipped to various concentration camps, ending up in Dachau.

In April 1945, however, as Hitlers dream of a 1,000-year Reich came crashing down, the Fuhrer remembered Elser and ordered that he be executed with a pistol shot through the neck. Two weeks after Elser was killed, U.S. troops liberated Dachau.

13 Minutes, released in Germany in 2015 with the title Elser He Would Have Changed the World, was well received by German critics and the public, Hirschbiegel said by phone from Vienna.

The influential magazine Der Spiegel noted that because of the film, Elser became recognized as a true German hero after having been largely ignored by historians.

13 Minutes is the latest in a number of German movies showing how individual Germans, men and women, stood up against the Nazi regime. They include Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, Rosenstrasse and, most recently, Labyrinth of Lies.

Does the spate of films about Germans who resisted the Nazis reign of terror show the world that there were good Germans during this horrific time?

Not exactly, Hirschbiegel said, noting that for at least two decades after World War II, most Germans tried to ignore the crimes of the wartime generation entirely and it took even longer to honor the bravery of resistors like Elser.

But, he added, there are only a few courageous individuals in every society who embody the spirit of freedom. As an American example, the filmmaker cited whistleblower Edward Snowden, who exposed thousands of secret U.S. government documents.

Snowden saw that something wrong was going on and if no one else would do anything about it, he had to do it himself, Hirschbiegel said.

13 Minutes opens June 30 at Lincoln Plaza Cinema, 1886 Broadway, lincolnplazacinema.com.

Christian Friedel in an armaments factory in a scene from 13 Minutes. Sony Pictures Classics

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The Man Who Almost Killed Hitler – Jewish Week

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‘Who Was Hitler’: New documentary lets people who knew him speak – Deutsche Welle

“All his relatives considered him to be a no-hoper who shied away from all hard work,” said boyhood friend August Kubizek of Adolf Hitler. “He was the darling of his mother and adored her the same,” commented Hitler’s Jewish family doctor. “If Adolf wanted something, he got it – mostly at the expense of others,” noted sister Paula Wolf.

Thesetelling impressions of a young Adolf Hitler are among countless quotes from contemporaries of thedictator that make upthe much-anticipated documentary, “Wer war Hitler” (Who Was Hitler). The seven-a-half-hour TV series premiered this week at the Munich Film Festival.

Using no narrator ortalking heads, and sparse additional information, writer and director Hermann Plking retraces the life of Hitler – from his birth in 1889 in upper Austriato his suicide in Berlin 1945 – entirely from statements made by companions, enemies, victims and observers.

The festival version of the film is 7.5 hours long

Plking catalogued 120 archives in 14 countries and reviewed 850 hours of footage in an effort to create a unique, up-close portrayal of the evolution of the 20th century’s most infamous historical figure.The hundredsofquotes were recorded by 125 speakers.

A new perspective

At over seven hours, the film is extremely long and demanding – which is why a shortened three-hour cinema version is planned. But the endurance required is rewarded througha fascinating montage of rarely-seen archival film material.

“Hitler Youth” – archive footage used in “Who was Hitler”

Plking has dedicated himself to such monumental projects for decades, including his 12-part series from 2005, “Die Deutschen von 1815 bis heute” (The Germans from 1815 to the Present). He began research for “Who Was Hitler” in 2014 by initially searching more than 800 books for suitable quotations related to Hitler before delving into archives around the world to find related film footage and photos.

“Who Was Hitler” follows the same principle as Plking’s book of the same name (published in 2016), which includes 17 collections of quotes forming 17 chapters that each deal with a part of Hitler’s life.

Although the footage used is taken from the time portrayed (with a maximum deviation of twoyears), the imagery often only has an incidental connection to the actual quotes.

Contrast and irony

This technique gives the film some memorablebut also questionable moments – for example, shots of naked women combined with quotations related to Hitler’s body.

They did not appear as a couple in public: Adolf Hitler and companion Eva Braun

But other scenes successfully utilize such contrast to bring out some telling irony, like when boys play with toy soldiers as a quotation is read in which Hitler promises that “Germany will never break the peace of its own accord.”It’s also oddly fitting when the outbreak of war is accompanied by footage oftwo newly-weds canoeing on the Oder River.

Much of the film material is horrifying: People starvingin death camps in Warsaw;piles of corpses in concentration camps;Jewish people being shot to death in a line. Even more cruelty comes viascenes of a family idyll, a scene bursting with life as children play in a garden that is backgroundedby a quote from Primo Levi recalling his journeyto the Auschwitz concentration camp.

Entrance to the Auschwitz concentration camp

“All took leave from life in the manner which most suited them,” saidLevi. “Some praying, some deliberately drunk, others lustfully intoxicated for the last time. The mothers stayed up to prepare the food for the journey with tender care, and washed their children and packed their luggage; and at dawn the barbed wire was full of children’s washing hung out in the wind to dry. Nor did they forget the diapers, the toys, the cushions and the hundreds other small things which mothers remember and which children always need. Would you not do the same? If you and your child were going to die tomorrow, would you not give him to eat today?

A great liar

The filmmaker almost completely avoids showing crowds screaming for Hitler at one of the latter’smany mass rallies. Overall, the film is surprisingly noise-free: the silent footage is discreetly overdubbed with music as Hitler’s populist chest-thumping falls into the background andHitler’s true selfshines through.

Plking’s personal conclusion on Hitler is predictably scathing: “Hitler was a great liar, a very talented actor who lied without inhibitions; a man capable of self-suggestion,from which he wouldbuild his willpower – the most dangerous combination you could imagine.”

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‘Who Was Hitler’: New documentary lets people who knew him speak – Deutsche Welle

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Justin Huggler talks about ISIS, Brexit, Hitler, fiction vs reportage – The Hindu

The Return Home is Justin Hugglers second novel. Huggler grew up on the Channel Island of Jersey and has worked as foreign correspondent in Turkey, Israel, Afghanistan, Iraq, India and Prague for the Independent newspaper. He currently lives in a quiet town in Germany called Babelsberg, where he hopes to be able to get back to woodcarving.

I always wanted to write novels but I didn’t have the stories to tell. The turning point came when I started to find there were stories I could tell better through fiction than reportage.

I think a key difference is that, paradoxically, fiction forces you to be more truthful than news reporting. In order to make your characters believable you have to get their motivations right. You cant hide behind assumptions the way the news does. In a novel it isn’t enough to say someone is a terrorist or a patriot: the reader needs to know why. In reportage its often enough to write what you see: you go to a war or disaster zone and tell what you witness. But writing a novel forces you to look at things from another point of view, to see them with your characters eyes. And a novel allows you to explore the drama of daily life. Most people are more concerned with things that dont make the news: family, love, friendship. Theres as much drama in the average family as there is in a war.

I miss different things about different places. I miss the warmth of Indians. You stop for a chai and you start talking to the person next to you. Europeans dont open up so readily. And I miss the way it was impossible to be bored in India. I remember sitting in a traffic jam in the summer heat, going crazy, and getting to the front and discovering the hold-up was because an elephant was ahead and it had stopped to eat the leaves off a tree.

Places like Afghanistan and Iraq are different. A lot of my time there was very frightening, but you miss the resilience of people, and the camaraderie, and the courage. I remember, in the Hindu Kush once, the jeep we were travelling in started to slip on a mountain track. There was a thousand-foot drop to the side. I was grateful when the driver suggested we get down to lessen the weight. But when he started up again, the wheels kept skidding and he was getting closer to the abyss. He started to panic. An Afghan I was travelling with got back in beside him. He put his life in the drivers hands, just to steady his nerves, and talked him up the track. You can learn a lot from courage like that.

As for how I negotiate place and pace, I try to remember what I learnt from India, and let things come at their own pace. Cities are full of people in such a hurry they dont see whats all around them. Theyre lost in smartphones and earphones, and they dont even notice theyre walking in history. Im grateful for the quiet of Babelsberg, its forests and lakes. You can sleep with the windows open, and the only sound is the trees moving in the wind.

When I wrote The Return Home, I wanted to set it in Jersey to contrast this quiet little island where nothing ever happened with places like Afghanistan, where one of the characters has been injured. But when I went back to Jersey to research the book, I realised just how littered my childhood had been with the legacy of war. I went out to this old German watchtower on the coast we used to play in as children, a huge concrete tower, about five storeys tall. Its kept locked up now, but in those days we used to run up and down the stairs and play soldiers inside. And I realised Id been playing in this war relic long before I ever thought of travelling to report on wars.

It went deeper. This character in my book, Uncle Jack, has lost his leg to a landmine in Afghanistan. I was looking for a place on Jersey to set the family home, and there was this spot I wanted to use because its called Egypt Wood, and I loved the name. Its the most un-Egyptianlooking place you could imagine. I found out that theres a memorial in Egypt Wood to a British soldier who was killed on a secret mission to Jersey during the war. He was killed by a landmine. Hed led a team of commandos over in the night to spy on the Nazis who were occupying the island, but he trod on a mine on his way through the wood. Here was I, writing about landmines, and Id never even realised the island where I grew up had once been mined. Of course, after that I had to set the book in Egypt Wood. But I dont think I was very conscious of this heritage growing up. I think Jersey influenced me more to go out and see the world because it was so tiny. I was the child who sat on the beach dreaming of the world beyond the sea.

Im very worried about where were heading in Europe at the moment. I grew up in a Europe that had put the far-right behind it, now it seems to be turning back that way. Everywhere people are talking about putting up walls and keeping the Other out, whether its foreigners or Muslims, immigrants or refugees.

I fell in love with my wife because of who she is, not where shes from or the colour of her skin. I grew up in a Europe where we assumed we could marry whomever we wanted, but Im aware what a privileged minority that makes us in human history. I hope our children will have the same possibilities. I was actually the product of a mixed marriage myself, albeit an invisible one since both my parents are white: my father is English and my mother is Irish. When I was growing up, at the height of the IRA campaign for a united Ireland, it could make life a little complicated at times. I was growing up on this British island, and some of the other kids were very anti-Irish. And I remember wondering how I was supposed to feel: was half of me supposed to feel one way and half the other? Was I supposed to be angry at myself? So, I think I was always aware of the absurdity of associating people with political ideas just because of where they were from.

I actually worry less about Germany than about other parts of Europe. The far-right has been back on the rise here, but only on the margins. Theres an in-built resistance to those ideas in Germany because they’ve seen where they can lead. I was talking to a German friend about this the other day, and he said you could never get a politician here saying Make Germany great again. Because Hitler already did that. He took that idea to its poisonous limits and made it somewhere no one ever wants to go again. They had a great billboard at Berlin airport recently. It was right outside the terminal, the first thing you saw when you arrived. And it just said: Berlin. Done with walls.

I think what I like about it is the triumph of its disappearance. Theres hardly a trace of it left, apart from a couple of small stretches they’ve preserved for historical reasons. The city has grown back over the divide and in places it can be hard to work out where the Wall ran. Its even harder to believe it was ever there.

I was talking to a German friend about this the other day, and he said you could never get a politician here saying Make Germany great again. Because Hitler already did that. He took that idea to its poisonous limits and made it somewhere no one ever wants to go again.

The Wall was a failure. It was supposed to force people to live the way the East German government told them, to fence out the corrupting influence of the West. And now East Germany is gone: the corrupting ideas of democracy and freedom have simply swept it and its Wall away.

I interviewed a group of men who built a tunnel under the Wall so people could escape from the East. Theyre all old men now, but they were just students then, kids in West Berlin who didn’t like the Wall and decided to do something about it. They got 57 people out. And I interviewed a man who escaped by swimming across a canal. He had to hide underwater from the East German snipers and got attacked by a swan on the way. After he got out he started going back for his friends, smuggling them out in the boot of his car. I like the story of the Wall because its a tale of the triumph of the human spirit.

It goes back to what we were talking about with the rise of the far-right and the desire to keep the Other out. A lot of the arguments put forward for Brexit were about keeping people out of the country. Theres this myth that immigrants are taking jobs away from people, and its simply not true. Britain has almost never had lower unemployment. But theres this tendency to blame everything on the immigrants, and at times it gets uncomfortably close to the way anti-Semitism worked in 1930s Germany, and we all know how that ended.

A lot of the pro-Brexit stuff seemed to be about a desire to go back to the good old days, to a sort of idyllic 1950s Britain that never existed, but of course it always remains unspoken that the country was a lot whiter in those days.

The trouble is the debate has been argued in the wrong terms in Britain. The only thing that is talked about is the economy, as if thats all the European Union is good for. Theres no discussion of the way the EU has brought 50 years of peace to the bloodiest and most war-torn continent in human history. And worst of all, the British are now setting themselves up against the EU. The Brexiteers, as theyre called, dont just want to leave, they want the rest of the EU to fail, like spoiled children who cant stand to see others enjoying what they have rejected.

I think were getting into very dangerous territory with the way the terror attacks in Europe are increasingly portrayed in terms of Islam against the West. Its being talked about as a clash of civilisations when its no such thing: its angry young men committing evil and wicked deeds in the name of God, just as they have throughout the centuries.

A clash of civilisations is the way ISIS sees it, and what troubles me is were beginning to speak their language. If you think of some one like Osama bin Laden, when he died six years ago he was a beaten man. But if he were to wake up in 2017, I think hed be pretty happy: his cause is on the march again. Were breathing life back into it by allowing ISIS and its followers to get away with the lie that they speak for Islam.

Angry youth have always taken up unworthy causes to win respect, or money, or attention from women. They used to go off to the jungle and become Maoists, today they become jihadis.

I fear the news media is playing a part in this. We rush to put their picture on the television, track down their relatives, tell their story. As long as we keep giving them the attention they want, theyll keep killing to get it.

The Middle East has plenty of problems of its own making. But its no coincidence that the places exporting violence to the West are Iraq and Afghanistan, which the West invaded, and Syria, where civil war spread from the Iraq invasion. We made these messes, and sooner or later were going to have to clear them up. If the U.S. had spent a fraction of what it did on invading Iraq into building schools and hospitals for the people, who knows where we might be today?

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Justin Huggler talks about ISIS, Brexit, Hitler, fiction vs reportage – The Hindu

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North Korea Says Trump Is Following Hitler’s Path and His ‘America First’ Policies Are More Brutal Than Nazism – Newsweek

North Koreas state-run news agency has slammed President Donald Trumps America First policies as being even more ferocious and brutal than Nazism under Adolf Hitler. The editorial, titled Nazism in the 21st CenturyDefeating America First, published by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) Tuesday, comes at a time of increasing tensions between the two countries and ahead of South Korean President Moon Jae-Ins first visit to the White House this week. Related: North Korea threat is top priority, says Trumps new ambassador to China The American-first principle…advocates the world domination by recourse to military means just as was the case with Hitlers concept of world occupation, read the editorial, in comments translated by The Japan Times. Daily Emails and Alerts- Get the best of Newsweek delivered to your inbox It added: The American version of Nazism [is] far surpassing the fascism in the last century in its ferocious, brutal and chauvinistic nature. The wild charges follow Trumps touting of hisAmerica First theme since his campaign last year. Trumphas threatened to pull out of international trade agreements and military alliances, and has withdrawn the U.S. from the Paris climate agreement. KCNA had some strong words for the United States president, too, claiming that he was following Hitlers dictatorial politics, dividing people into either friends or foes and manufacturing an atmosphere of horror among political, public, media, information and all other circles in the U.S. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un watches a test of a new anti-aircraft guided-weapon system organized by the Academy of National Defense Science in this undated photo released by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), May 28. KCNA/Reuters Writing on the North Korea analysis site 38North, Robert Carlin, a visiting scholar at Stanford Universitys Center for International Security and Cooperation, said Monday that over the past month Pyongyang had relaxed restrictions on rhetorical attacks on the new U.S. administration. The coarsening language toward the administration, and toward the president himself, seems to reflect a slowly sharpening discussion within the regime over how to react once Washington announced its new policy of maximum pressure and dialogue, Carlin added. In the face of continued North Korea missile launches and its repeated vows to carry out a sixth nuclear test, the White House has talked up the possibility of a major conflict with that country. Another point of contention was the case of American Otto Warmbier, whodiedlast week just days after returning home to the U.S. in a coma after17 months in North Korean detention. Following Warmbiers death, Trump condemned the brutality of the North Korean regime. South Korean President Moon also blamed North Korea for Warmbiersdeath. However, Moon, who was elected last month, has embraced a more diplomatic, cooperative stance with North Korea in comparison to his conservative predecessors of the past decade.

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One tried to kill him, one tried to save him: the women who flew for Hitler – Telegraph.co.uk

In September 1938, Melitta von Stauffenberg touched down on British soil. The German pilot was a special guest at Chigwell airfield, in Essex, which had been put at the disposal of the British Womens Air Reserve. Keen to show off Germanys female aviators, Nazi Minister for Aviation Hermann Gring, selected Melitta to take part in the displays at the grand opening. Her official mission was to extend the hand of friendship. Unofficially, she was there to show British pilots how it was done. Melitta, 35, hated publicity and was loathe to take part. Nevertheless, she wowed the crowds by performing perilous loops. Yet even as she did, Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain was, at that very moment, in talks with Hitler in Cologne. Less than a week later, Britain agreed to the German annexation of the Czech Sudetenland. Within a year, the two countries would be at war.

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Donald Trump Is Not Like Hitler, Says the Director of ‘Downfall’ – IndieWire

Oliver Hirschbiegels 2004 drama Downfall was the definitive portrait of Adolf Hitler at the end of WWII, examining the dictator during his final days as he ran out of options. It also provided fodder for one of the greatest viral memes of all time the Downfall parody videos, which position fake subtitles over a pivotal scene in which Hitler (Bruno Ganz) lashes out at his staff upon realizing that hes lost the war. Over the years, Hitler has lashed out over topics ranging from Oasis splitting up to Ben Affleck getting cast as the Batman. While this wasnt part of Hirschbiegels plan, the video does speak to his skills as a filmmaker, given that the scene is filled with pregnant pauses and sudden bursts of anger that make it the perfect template for so many circumstances. READ MORE: 13 Minutes Trailer: Downfall Director Oliver Hirschbiegel Dramatizes the Failed Plot to Assassinate Hitler Needless to say, a lot of the world has felt like it has been watching a slowed-down, real-life version of the Downfall parody ever since Donald Trump became a candidate for president. The cartoonish ex-reality stars heated temperament and outsized ego drag the histrionics of the Downfall scene into modern times. But Hirschbiegel, who has revised the Third Reich era with 13 Minutes, opening this week, is wary of comparing the two figures. You cant compare Trump to Hitler, Hirschbiegel said. Hes certainly not a dictator or a tyrant who slaughtered his own people, as Hitler did. Instead, the director said that the parallel exists only in the impulses that catapulted Trump to the White House. Overall, there seems to be this tendency where people do not believe in the political system and they feel betrayed by the elite, he said. Thats why theyre looking for figures like Trump or Teresa May. They put hope in people like that, which is terrible, because these people only work by a system of right or wrong, or winning and losing. Thats childish. Thats not what civilized people should do in a diverse, globalized society. In 13 Minutes, Hirschbiegel chronicles the little-known efforts of the working class carpenter Georg Elser (Christian Frieden), who attempted to assassinate Hitler in November 1939. Elser set off a bomb at a rally that killed several people, but Hitler had left the event early; Elser was later arrested and executed at the Dachau concentration camp. Hirschbiegel noted that the film was welcomed positively in Germany, unlike Downfall, which was seen as controversial for foregrounding Hitlers experiences. Elsers not a known figure, Hirschbiegel said, but he is the first to see that somebody needed to do something. He was really clairvoyant. People appreciated this character. We need people like that today looking at the state of the world. He wasnt a political person. He just saw something terribly wrong happening and nobody was doing anything about it. The reality was way more drastic. In order to stop this, he knew he had to become the tyrant slayer. READ MORE: Robert Smigel on Triumphs Hulu Specials and Why He Regrets Comparing Donald Trump to Hitler While Hirschbiegel stopped short of saying that America needs its own Elser, the filmmaker did acknowledge that Trump has had a dramatic effect on the way American citizens are evaluating their individual responsibilities. Trump is all about power, Hirschbiegel said. But the good effect of Trump is that people are waking up. Theyre realizing, Oops, I should vote and I should have a position. Because if I dont, watch out: someone will get elected who doesnt represent my interests and could abuse the whole country. 13 Minutes opens theatrically on Friday, June 30. Watch the trailer below: Stay on top of the latest TV news! Sign up for our TV email newsletter here.

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North Korea likens Donald Trump to Hitler – Globalnews.ca

; U.S. President Donald Trump pictured on June 26, 2017, in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington. North Korean state media compared U.S. President Donald Trumps America First principals to Nazism, in an editorial published Monday. The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) published an article dubbed We Reject American-first Principle- Nazism in the 21st Century as tensions remain high between the two countries. The idea is the American version of Nazism far surpassing the fascism in the last century in its ferocious, brutal and chauvinistic nature, reads the article. The American-first principle arouses denunciation by the public at home and abroad as it advocates the world domination by recourse to military means just as was the case with Hitlers concept of world occupation. READ MORE: North Korea says its the biggest victim following death of Otto Warmbier Just following Hitlers dictatorial politics, Trumps two-nation strategy justifies suppression after dividing nationals into two categories i.e. friends and foes, the article went on to say. The editorial also criticized Trumps anti-immigration policies, calling them little short of fascisms racist politics, adding that Trump has denied the history of the U.S. itself, a multi-national and multi-racial country. The state-run media accused the U.S. of violating the Paris climate agreement. WATCH: Coverage of the Otto Warmbier case The Trump way of thinking that the whole world may be sacrificed just for the better living of the U.S., has put even its allies and stooges in a pretty fix, reads the editorial. The U.S. wantonly violated the Paris agreement on preservation of earth environment as an extension of its moves of defying even international law and agreements. This comes just days after the death of U.S. university student Otto Warmbier, who died shortly after being released from a North Korean prison. Warmbier, a tourist, was sentenced to 15 years of hard labour for trying to steal an item bearing a propaganda slogan from his hotel, North Korea state media said. READ MORE: North Korea tests rocket engine that could help it produce a ballistic missile Trump blamed the brutality of the North Korean regime for Warmbiers death. On Thursday, North Korea conducted another rocket test, which could be part of its program to develop an intercontinental ballistic missile, according to U.S. officials. The test came a day after the United States pressed China to exert more economic and diplomatic pressure on North Korea to help rein in its nuclear and missile programs. 2017Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Nazi leader Adolf Hitler started World War 2 to ‘wield spear that … – Daily Star

ADOLF Hitler was obsessed with seizing a mythical biblical relic and led the Nazis to war to get his hands on it, it has been shockingly been claimed. Occult historians allege the leader of the Third Reich had a fixation on magical artefact the so-called Spear of Destiny. Nazi soldiers annexed Austria in 1938, and it is claimed Hitler sent a secret SS squad to capture the legendary spear also known as the Holy Lance which was hidden in Vienna. World War 2 was started as Hitler believed the power of the weapon would give him the power to conquer the world, some writers outrageously claim. GETTY Eva Braun kept a personal photo album, full of photos of her lover Adolf Hitler which he had never authorised to be released to the public. The album was found in Eva Braun’s home by a photographer at the end of WW2, and has gone up for auction at C&T Auctions in Kent 1 / 15 A candid photo of Adolf Hitler reading through papers I think it is a very damaging misconception about history Hitler is said to have become obsessed with the weapon while spending his youth in Austria, in repeated claims linked back to British occult author Trevor Ravenscroft. The writer claimed he had access to the notes of Dr Walter Stein an Austrian philosopher and Holy Grail researcher who is said to have known the young Nazi leader. It is claimed that after conquering Austria and arriving in Vienna on March 12, 1938, the Nazi boss first port of call was the Hofmuseum the resting place of the Spear of Destiny. To this day the black and golden blade is on display at the Hofburg Palace and history records say the item was a ceremonial item used by the Holy Roman Empire. Hitlers associations with the occult and black magic has long been the subject of modern myth. Historians attribute the Nazi partys use of German mythology in its iconography to the alleged links between the Fuhrer and an interest in magic and Biblical legend. HISTORY CHANNEL GETTY Myth has long been associated with the Holy Lance which is known in Christianity as the Spear of Longinus. Legend claims the spear was wielded by Roman centurion Longinus when he stabbed Jesus Christ in the side as he hung from the cross on the mount in Calvary. Christian stories claim the blood of Jesus went into Longinus’ eyes, healing his blindness, and he went on to become a saint. His spear reportedly ended up in the hands of the Holy Roman Empire, before being seized by the Nazis in the conquest of Austria. Churches around the world venerate what many believe to be items from Jesus’ life, or the crucifixion. Could these prove the existence of the son of God? 1 / 12 Filmmaker Simcha Jacobovici believes these nails he discovered in a cave in Jerusalem were used to nail Jesus to the cross Believers in the Nazis’ obsession with the Spear of Destiny claim it was what drove Hitler to go on a conquest of Europe. A quote attributed to Hitler in various occult history books claims he described being smitten with the spear after seeing as a young man. It says: I felt as though I myself had held it in my hands before in some earlier century of that I myself had once claimed it as my talisman of power and held the destiny of the world in my hands. It is said the Nazis stashed the artefact with other seized objects and artworks in Nuremberg. Hitler has long been claimed to have had a fascination with the occult something popularised in movies such as Indiana Jones and games such as Wolfenstein. GETTY GETTY Modern myth claims Hitler kept control of the Spear right up until the dying days of the war. The artefact was then found when the US army seized Nuremberg. It is then claimed by occultists that it was recaptured at the very same moment Hitler shot himself in his Fhrerbunker in Berlin. These colour photographs show war from the point of view of a Nazi soldier. See how members of the sick genocidal regime viewed the most devastating war in history 1 / 10 German soldiers carry the swastika-draped coffin of a dead Nazi Dozens of paintings by Adolf Hitler were on show for a private viewing in Nuremberg on Wednesday, as the Weidler Auction House gets set to put the pictures and documents under the hammer to be awarded to highest bidder. This The ‘neo-Nazi village’ where neighbours give each other Hitler salutes Up close with Adolf Hitler’s Panzer 1000 MEGA-TANK Historians agree the object known as the Spear of Destiny was seized by Hitler from Vienna. But they cast doubt over the theory peddled by occultists that the reasons behind its capture was a hidden obsession of the Fuhrer. Historian Sean Munger, who hosts the Second Decade podcast on iTunes, told Daily Star Online: “The Hofburg Spear is definitely an interesting and historically significant artefact. “However, in our own time, much of the interest in the ‘Spear of Destiny’ has stemmed from what I think is a very damaging misconception about history, which is unfortunately very popular: the myth of ‘Nazi black magic’ or Nazi occultism.” He blasts the occultists theory as not supported by the historical record. Mr Munger added: To claim that Hitlers motivation for refining the Nazi Party as he did was to advance this kind of cultural or quasi-religious mythology is very misleading. “Theres a difference, especially in politics, between motivation and marketing.”

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Hitler-inspired Schemes of Partition Are Abolishing the Republic of Cyprus – HuffPost

Turkey and the British Empire never forgave Cyprus for escaping their colonial brutality. WWI wrecked the Ottoman Empire. Its successor state, Turkey, has been under the delusion that fomenting a zealous Islam can recreate its former power. WWII forced the diminution and abolition of the British Empire, now a weak and small version of its former self remains, known as the United Kingdom. Cyprus passed from the Ottoman to the British Empire in late nineteenth century. The British sowed the seeds for the ceaseless conflicts between Greeks and Turks in Cyprus. In a declassified 10 November 1956 document, A Memorandum on Possible Schemes of Partition, the British colonial officials proposed Cyprus be divided into a Greek and a Turkish zone with population exchange to make each zone independent of each other. This meant the British would continue to rule the two zones of Greeks and Turks on the island. However, the Cypriot Greeks won their war against the British administrators and occupiers of their country. In 1960, Cyprus became the independent Republic of Cyprus. This political change intensified the antagonism of the Cypriot Turks and Turkey towards the Greeks and the Republic of Cyprus. The almost inevitable clash between Turkey and the Republic of Cyprus came in two invasions Turkey launched against Cyprus: 20 July 1974 and 14 August 1974. The effects were catastrophic for the island. On August 3, 1974, Glafcos Clerides, president of Cyprus, telegraphed Richard Nixon, president of the United States. He said this about the Turkish atrocities of the first invasion: I wish to bring to your knowledge that the invading Turkish army as you must already be aware has shown absolute disregard to the 1949 Geneva conventions and to the fundamental human rights. Besides the indiscriminate bombing, shelling and shooting of unarmed civilians and of such internationally protected institutions of infirmaries, hospitals, schools, and even Red Cross Center of Cyprus, the Turkish army has inflicted unprecedented harassment on the civilian population of the area it has occupied in northern Cyprus. The Turkish army after occupying the Greek inhabited area in and around the city of Kyrenia have systematically looted and plundered the properties of the inhabitants, have arrested all the men, molested women, children and elderly people and indulged in repeated rapes, arsons, cold blooded murders of civilians and forced expulsion of the inhabitants from their homes. Around 20,000 civilians have already been forced by the Turkish army to leave their homes situated in northern Cyprus. I appeal to you in the hope that you will exert the maximum of your influence on the Turkish government to stop immediately all actions violating the relevant Security Council resolutions in Cyprus, the fundamental human rights and international humanitarian principles. Its doubtful Nixon ever read this desperate appeal. He faced impeachment. Nixon resigned on 9 August 1974. However, Nixons Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, cared less about Cyprus. In fact, on 14 August 1974, the first day of the second Turkish invasion of Cyprus, Kissinger spoke on the phone to his British colleague, James Callaghan, Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary, and agreed the US and the UK would do nothing to stop the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. Callaghan said: the Turks have got a good cause [for their attack on Cyprus]. In my view this can now only be resolved by the creation of a zone. A zone in which they will have autonomy within a federal republicit is Greece who will need massaging because the Turks are too jingoistic, indeed too close to Hitler for my liking. Callaghan was only perceptible in his mentioning of Hitler, and not merely because the Turks were astonishingly violent and they reminded him of the German Nazi leader. Callaghan expressed the British colonial view of zoning the natives, separating them, locking them up in concentration camps-like zones to be oppressed, indeed annihilated eventually. And since in the case of Cyprus, Turkey had the guns and the Turks reminded him of Hitler and his similar tactics on minorities or undesirables, the annihilation in Cyprus would be done by the Turks. The Greeks would be given a choice of becoming Moslems or be annihilated. Despite this infrastructure of centuries of antagonisms between Turks and Greeks, the relatively recent bloody invasions of Cyprus by Turkey, and the almost certain prospect of zoning the Cypriots into unacceptable and racist ghettos, the president of the Republic of Cyprus, Nikos Anastasiades, agreed to the zoning solution. Starting tomorrow, 28 June 2017, Turkey, Greece, the UN and the two leaders of the Cypriots, Greek and Turkish, but not the president of the Republic of Cyprus, will start a secret conference in Geneva. The chilling precedence for this secret conclave in Geneva deciding the disappearance of the Republic of Cyprus comes from the Munich Conference of 29 September 1938 that gave Hitler Czechoslovakia to do as he saw fit. Hitler wiped out Czechoslovakia to benefit Germans. Similarly, Turkey is planning to do the same thing to the Greeks of Cyprus. And the almost unbelievable thing is that plenty of Cypriot Greeks and the political leaders of Greece have swallowed the propaganda of Turkey, UK and the United Nations that putting the Greeks of Cyprus into a zone is just fine. The fact this decision is being taken behind the backs of the Greeks and the world, that Turkey is an open book of hatred for Greeks, remains unnoticed. Death foretold in civilized silence. The Greeks of Cyprus need to denounce their president and rush to elect an alternative administration for the defense of their lives and their Republic. All Greeks from all over the world should join them. EU and America should support democracy in Cyprus, proscribing the Munich paradigm at the heart of the Geneva conference. Turkey should be ordered to remove its troops from Cyprus. The Morning Email Wake up to the day’s most important news.

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The Man Who Almost Killed Hitler – Jewish Week

JTA What if Adolf Hitler had been assassinated shortly after his armies invaded Poland to start World War II? How would global and Jewish history have played out? The question is not answered directly in the German film 13 Minutes. But the movie, based on an actual, lone-wolf plot to kill the Fuhrer that nearly succeeded, is both a classical thriller, pitting one man against the system, and an exploration of how minute circumstance can affect the fates of millions. 13 Minutes is directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel, who is perhaps best known for his remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers with Nicole Kidman and Daniel Craig, as well as The Downfall, which re-created Hitlers last days in a Berlin bunker. At the heart of the films plot is Georg Elser (played by Christian Friedel), a 35-year-old carpenter and tinkerer in a small Swabian village who played in the town band and was popular with the local girls. Hes a communist sympathizer but not a party member who observes with growing concern how his village gradually transformed during the early years of Nazi rule. Elser sees an acquaintance who is forced to sit on the street surrounded by Brownshirts and townspeople with a sign around her neck reading, In the village I am the greatest swine and consort only with Jews (it rhymes in German). He attends a propaganda film in which Hitler proclaims that under his rule every German will have a radio, then a luxury, and the rutted village roads will be paved and lighted. In 13 Minutes, Christian Friedel portrays Georg Elser, a German whose bomb, intended to kill Adolf Hitler, failed because the Fuhrer ended his beer hall speech earlier than expected. Bernd Schuller/Sony Pictures Classics At a time when expert statesmen and pundits maintained that Hitler represented a temporary aberration or could be appeased, Elser becomes convinced that the Fuhrer will plunge Germany into war and that if nobody else will stop the Nazi dictator, he must do the job himself. Elser knew that Hitler addressed his followers at Munichs largest beer hall every Nov. 8, the date of his foiled 1923 putsch to seize power in the Bavarian city as a base to overthrow the Weimar Republic. So, starting in late 1938, he repeatedly visited the beer hall, taking careful measurements of the columns flanking the speakers podium. Elser took a job in an armaments factory and smuggled out explosives, dynamite sticks and detonators. As Nov. 8 drew closer, Elser labored night after night on his knees, holding a flashlight in his mouth, to insert the homemade bomb into the column. He connected the bomb to two clocks timed to trigger during Hitlers typically lengthy tirade. Christian Friedel during the 5th German Director Award Metropolis at in Munich, Germany in 2015. Getty Images On the evening of the putsch anniversary, Elser took a train to the Swiss border to await news of Hitlers death. Instead, however, he learned that the Fuhrer had unexpectedly cut short his speech. Exactly 13 minutes after Hitler left the podium, the bomb exploded at the precise spot where Hitler had been standing. The blast killed seven Nazi officials and, to Elsers lifelong regret, an innocent waitress. As Elser tried to cross the border into Switzerland, something about his behavior aroused the suspicion of a German border guard, who arrested Elser and sent him, under guard, to a Gestapo prison in Berlin. Hitler was convinced that Elser was but a tool in a vast conspiracy orchestrated by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and demanded that Elser be tortured until he revealed the masterminds behind the assassination attempt. But even under the most brutal torture, Elser refused to give even his name and birth date. Only after the Gestapo drags in his longtime lover, who is pregnant with his child, does he acknowledge the plot, with himself as the sole author. Nobody believed Elsers story, but instead of being executed on the spot, he was shipped to various concentration camps, ending up in Dachau. In April 1945, however, as Hitlers dream of a 1,000-year Reich came crashing down, the Fuhrer remembered Elser and ordered that he be executed with a pistol shot through the neck. Two weeks after Elser was killed, U.S. troops liberated Dachau. 13 Minutes, released in Germany in 2015 with the title Elser He Would Have Changed the World, was well received by German critics and the public, Hirschbiegel said by phone from Vienna. The influential magazine Der Spiegel noted that because of the film, Elser became recognized as a true German hero after having been largely ignored by historians. 13 Minutes is the latest in a number of German movies showing how individual Germans, men and women, stood up against the Nazi regime. They include Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, Rosenstrasse and, most recently, Labyrinth of Lies. Does the spate of films about Germans who resisted the Nazis reign of terror show the world that there were good Germans during this horrific time? Not exactly, Hirschbiegel said, noting that for at least two decades after World War II, most Germans tried to ignore the crimes of the wartime generation entirely and it took even longer to honor the bravery of resistors like Elser. But, he added, there are only a few courageous individuals in every society who embody the spirit of freedom. As an American example, the filmmaker cited whistleblower Edward Snowden, who exposed thousands of secret U.S. government documents. Snowden saw that something wrong was going on and if no one else would do anything about it, he had to do it himself, Hirschbiegel said. 13 Minutes opens June 30 at Lincoln Plaza Cinema, 1886 Broadway, lincolnplazacinema.com. Christian Friedel in an armaments factory in a scene from 13 Minutes. Sony Pictures Classics

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‘Who Was Hitler’: New documentary lets people who knew him speak – Deutsche Welle

“All his relatives considered him to be a no-hoper who shied away from all hard work,” said boyhood friend August Kubizek of Adolf Hitler. “He was the darling of his mother and adored her the same,” commented Hitler’s Jewish family doctor. “If Adolf wanted something, he got it – mostly at the expense of others,” noted sister Paula Wolf. Thesetelling impressions of a young Adolf Hitler are among countless quotes from contemporaries of thedictator that make upthe much-anticipated documentary, “Wer war Hitler” (Who Was Hitler). The seven-a-half-hour TV series premiered this week at the Munich Film Festival. Using no narrator ortalking heads, and sparse additional information, writer and director Hermann Plking retraces the life of Hitler – from his birth in 1889 in upper Austriato his suicide in Berlin 1945 – entirely from statements made by companions, enemies, victims and observers. The festival version of the film is 7.5 hours long Plking catalogued 120 archives in 14 countries and reviewed 850 hours of footage in an effort to create a unique, up-close portrayal of the evolution of the 20th century’s most infamous historical figure.The hundredsofquotes were recorded by 125 speakers. A new perspective At over seven hours, the film is extremely long and demanding – which is why a shortened three-hour cinema version is planned. But the endurance required is rewarded througha fascinating montage of rarely-seen archival film material. “Hitler Youth” – archive footage used in “Who was Hitler” Plking has dedicated himself to such monumental projects for decades, including his 12-part series from 2005, “Die Deutschen von 1815 bis heute” (The Germans from 1815 to the Present). He began research for “Who Was Hitler” in 2014 by initially searching more than 800 books for suitable quotations related to Hitler before delving into archives around the world to find related film footage and photos. “Who Was Hitler” follows the same principle as Plking’s book of the same name (published in 2016), which includes 17 collections of quotes forming 17 chapters that each deal with a part of Hitler’s life. Although the footage used is taken from the time portrayed (with a maximum deviation of twoyears), the imagery often only has an incidental connection to the actual quotes. Contrast and irony This technique gives the film some memorablebut also questionable moments – for example, shots of naked women combined with quotations related to Hitler’s body. They did not appear as a couple in public: Adolf Hitler and companion Eva Braun But other scenes successfully utilize such contrast to bring out some telling irony, like when boys play with toy soldiers as a quotation is read in which Hitler promises that “Germany will never break the peace of its own accord.”It’s also oddly fitting when the outbreak of war is accompanied by footage oftwo newly-weds canoeing on the Oder River. Much of the film material is horrifying: People starvingin death camps in Warsaw;piles of corpses in concentration camps;Jewish people being shot to death in a line. Even more cruelty comes viascenes of a family idyll, a scene bursting with life as children play in a garden that is backgroundedby a quote from Primo Levi recalling his journeyto the Auschwitz concentration camp. Entrance to the Auschwitz concentration camp “All took leave from life in the manner which most suited them,” saidLevi. “Some praying, some deliberately drunk, others lustfully intoxicated for the last time. The mothers stayed up to prepare the food for the journey with tender care, and washed their children and packed their luggage; and at dawn the barbed wire was full of children’s washing hung out in the wind to dry. Nor did they forget the diapers, the toys, the cushions and the hundreds other small things which mothers remember and which children always need. Would you not do the same? If you and your child were going to die tomorrow, would you not give him to eat today? A great liar The filmmaker almost completely avoids showing crowds screaming for Hitler at one of the latter’smany mass rallies. Overall, the film is surprisingly noise-free: the silent footage is discreetly overdubbed with music as Hitler’s populist chest-thumping falls into the background andHitler’s true selfshines through. Plking’s personal conclusion on Hitler is predictably scathing: “Hitler was a great liar, a very talented actor who lied without inhibitions; a man capable of self-suggestion,from which he wouldbuild his willpower – the most dangerous combination you could imagine.”

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Justin Huggler talks about ISIS, Brexit, Hitler, fiction vs reportage – The Hindu

The Return Home is Justin Hugglers second novel. Huggler grew up on the Channel Island of Jersey and has worked as foreign correspondent in Turkey, Israel, Afghanistan, Iraq, India and Prague for the Independent newspaper. He currently lives in a quiet town in Germany called Babelsberg, where he hopes to be able to get back to woodcarving. I always wanted to write novels but I didn’t have the stories to tell. The turning point came when I started to find there were stories I could tell better through fiction than reportage. I think a key difference is that, paradoxically, fiction forces you to be more truthful than news reporting. In order to make your characters believable you have to get their motivations right. You cant hide behind assumptions the way the news does. In a novel it isn’t enough to say someone is a terrorist or a patriot: the reader needs to know why. In reportage its often enough to write what you see: you go to a war or disaster zone and tell what you witness. But writing a novel forces you to look at things from another point of view, to see them with your characters eyes. And a novel allows you to explore the drama of daily life. Most people are more concerned with things that dont make the news: family, love, friendship. Theres as much drama in the average family as there is in a war. I miss different things about different places. I miss the warmth of Indians. You stop for a chai and you start talking to the person next to you. Europeans dont open up so readily. And I miss the way it was impossible to be bored in India. I remember sitting in a traffic jam in the summer heat, going crazy, and getting to the front and discovering the hold-up was because an elephant was ahead and it had stopped to eat the leaves off a tree. Places like Afghanistan and Iraq are different. A lot of my time there was very frightening, but you miss the resilience of people, and the camaraderie, and the courage. I remember, in the Hindu Kush once, the jeep we were travelling in started to slip on a mountain track. There was a thousand-foot drop to the side. I was grateful when the driver suggested we get down to lessen the weight. But when he started up again, the wheels kept skidding and he was getting closer to the abyss. He started to panic. An Afghan I was travelling with got back in beside him. He put his life in the drivers hands, just to steady his nerves, and talked him up the track. You can learn a lot from courage like that. As for how I negotiate place and pace, I try to remember what I learnt from India, and let things come at their own pace. Cities are full of people in such a hurry they dont see whats all around them. Theyre lost in smartphones and earphones, and they dont even notice theyre walking in history. Im grateful for the quiet of Babelsberg, its forests and lakes. You can sleep with the windows open, and the only sound is the trees moving in the wind. When I wrote The Return Home, I wanted to set it in Jersey to contrast this quiet little island where nothing ever happened with places like Afghanistan, where one of the characters has been injured. But when I went back to Jersey to research the book, I realised just how littered my childhood had been with the legacy of war. I went out to this old German watchtower on the coast we used to play in as children, a huge concrete tower, about five storeys tall. Its kept locked up now, but in those days we used to run up and down the stairs and play soldiers inside. And I realised Id been playing in this war relic long before I ever thought of travelling to report on wars. It went deeper. This character in my book, Uncle Jack, has lost his leg to a landmine in Afghanistan. I was looking for a place on Jersey to set the family home, and there was this spot I wanted to use because its called Egypt Wood, and I loved the name. Its the most un-Egyptianlooking place you could imagine. I found out that theres a memorial in Egypt Wood to a British soldier who was killed on a secret mission to Jersey during the war. He was killed by a landmine. Hed led a team of commandos over in the night to spy on the Nazis who were occupying the island, but he trod on a mine on his way through the wood. Here was I, writing about landmines, and Id never even realised the island where I grew up had once been mined. Of course, after that I had to set the book in Egypt Wood. But I dont think I was very conscious of this heritage growing up. I think Jersey influenced me more to go out and see the world because it was so tiny. I was the child who sat on the beach dreaming of the world beyond the sea. Im very worried about where were heading in Europe at the moment. I grew up in a Europe that had put the far-right behind it, now it seems to be turning back that way. Everywhere people are talking about putting up walls and keeping the Other out, whether its foreigners or Muslims, immigrants or refugees. I fell in love with my wife because of who she is, not where shes from or the colour of her skin. I grew up in a Europe where we assumed we could marry whomever we wanted, but Im aware what a privileged minority that makes us in human history. I hope our children will have the same possibilities. I was actually the product of a mixed marriage myself, albeit an invisible one since both my parents are white: my father is English and my mother is Irish. When I was growing up, at the height of the IRA campaign for a united Ireland, it could make life a little complicated at times. I was growing up on this British island, and some of the other kids were very anti-Irish. And I remember wondering how I was supposed to feel: was half of me supposed to feel one way and half the other? Was I supposed to be angry at myself? So, I think I was always aware of the absurdity of associating people with political ideas just because of where they were from. I actually worry less about Germany than about other parts of Europe. The far-right has been back on the rise here, but only on the margins. Theres an in-built resistance to those ideas in Germany because they’ve seen where they can lead. I was talking to a German friend about this the other day, and he said you could never get a politician here saying Make Germany great again. Because Hitler already did that. He took that idea to its poisonous limits and made it somewhere no one ever wants to go again. They had a great billboard at Berlin airport recently. It was right outside the terminal, the first thing you saw when you arrived. And it just said: Berlin. Done with walls. I think what I like about it is the triumph of its disappearance. Theres hardly a trace of it left, apart from a couple of small stretches they’ve preserved for historical reasons. The city has grown back over the divide and in places it can be hard to work out where the Wall ran. Its even harder to believe it was ever there. I was talking to a German friend about this the other day, and he said you could never get a politician here saying Make Germany great again. Because Hitler already did that. He took that idea to its poisonous limits and made it somewhere no one ever wants to go again. The Wall was a failure. It was supposed to force people to live the way the East German government told them, to fence out the corrupting influence of the West. And now East Germany is gone: the corrupting ideas of democracy and freedom have simply swept it and its Wall away. I interviewed a group of men who built a tunnel under the Wall so people could escape from the East. Theyre all old men now, but they were just students then, kids in West Berlin who didn’t like the Wall and decided to do something about it. They got 57 people out. And I interviewed a man who escaped by swimming across a canal. He had to hide underwater from the East German snipers and got attacked by a swan on the way. After he got out he started going back for his friends, smuggling them out in the boot of his car. I like the story of the Wall because its a tale of the triumph of the human spirit. It goes back to what we were talking about with the rise of the far-right and the desire to keep the Other out. A lot of the arguments put forward for Brexit were about keeping people out of the country. Theres this myth that immigrants are taking jobs away from people, and its simply not true. Britain has almost never had lower unemployment. But theres this tendency to blame everything on the immigrants, and at times it gets uncomfortably close to the way anti-Semitism worked in 1930s Germany, and we all know how that ended. A lot of the pro-Brexit stuff seemed to be about a desire to go back to the good old days, to a sort of idyllic 1950s Britain that never existed, but of course it always remains unspoken that the country was a lot whiter in those days. The trouble is the debate has been argued in the wrong terms in Britain. The only thing that is talked about is the economy, as if thats all the European Union is good for. Theres no discussion of the way the EU has brought 50 years of peace to the bloodiest and most war-torn continent in human history. And worst of all, the British are now setting themselves up against the EU. The Brexiteers, as theyre called, dont just want to leave, they want the rest of the EU to fail, like spoiled children who cant stand to see others enjoying what they have rejected. I think were getting into very dangerous territory with the way the terror attacks in Europe are increasingly portrayed in terms of Islam against the West. Its being talked about as a clash of civilisations when its no such thing: its angry young men committing evil and wicked deeds in the name of God, just as they have throughout the centuries. A clash of civilisations is the way ISIS sees it, and what troubles me is were beginning to speak their language. If you think of some one like Osama bin Laden, when he died six years ago he was a beaten man. But if he were to wake up in 2017, I think hed be pretty happy: his cause is on the march again. Were breathing life back into it by allowing ISIS and its followers to get away with the lie that they speak for Islam. Angry youth have always taken up unworthy causes to win respect, or money, or attention from women. They used to go off to the jungle and become Maoists, today they become jihadis. I fear the news media is playing a part in this. We rush to put their picture on the television, track down their relatives, tell their story. As long as we keep giving them the attention they want, theyll keep killing to get it. The Middle East has plenty of problems of its own making. But its no coincidence that the places exporting violence to the West are Iraq and Afghanistan, which the West invaded, and Syria, where civil war spread from the Iraq invasion. We made these messes, and sooner or later were going to have to clear them up. If the U.S. had spent a fraction of what it did on invading Iraq into building schools and hospitals for the people, who knows where we might be today?

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