Archive for the ‘Hitler’ Category

Hitler’s glamorous high flyers – Spectator.co.uk

It is conventional wisdom in the publishing industry that, despite the old adage, readers do indeed judge books by their covers. So, it seems, do passengers on the No. 29 bus. For a middle-aged man reading Clare Mulleys The Women Who Flew for Hitler, some of the looks I got made me so uncomfortable that I took to hiding the cover behind a newspaper.

So lets get one thing straight from the beginning: this is not a niche book for Third Reich enthusiasts, nor a seedy excuse to fantasise about women in Nazi uniforms. Do not be put off by the awful title: it is in fact a serious double biography of two of the most remarkable women in the history of aviation.

The first of Mulleys subjects, and the more famous of the two, is Hanna Reitsch. Reitsch was the darling of the prewar German press and one of the most giftedfliers of her generation. At the age of 21, this extraordinary woman flew a glider through storm clouds to set a new world altitude record for unpowered flight. In 1937 she became the first woman ever to fly a helicopter, and during the second world war she flew every plane going, including manned versions of the V-1 flying bomb.

Her physical courage seemed to know no bounds. In 1942, she crashed in a jet plane prototype she was testing; but despite breaking her back in several places, and having her nose torn from her face, she was back flying again within a year. She was the first German woman to be made a Flight Captain, the first to receive the Military Flying Medal, and the first to receive the Iron Cross, First Class. She was the one and only Hanna Reitsch, as one of her male colleagues put it, a symbol of German womanhood and the idol of German aviation.

The second woman in Mulleys book, though less well known, is perhaps even more impressive. Melitta Schiller was a military test pilot whose determination to stress her planes to their very limits seemed almost suicidal. According to one contemporary, taking a plane into even a moderate nosedive was something many male pilots already regarded as an act of heroism. Melitta insisted on flying her planes almost vertically towards the ground, only pulling out at the very last moment. On one such dive the canopy of her plane blew off, leaving her exposed to the elements as she tried to bring her plane back under control. On another occasion her windscreen exploded. She was forced to crash-land several times, and once had to bail out when her plane caught fire. Yet she remained undeterred: during the course of her career she completed more than 2,000 nosedives in the name of research.

The half-Jewish Melitta Schiller, who supported the plot to kill Hitler.

However, what made Melitta Schiller so exceptional was that the equipment she was testing during these dives was often also designed by her. The research of this talented aeronautical engineer gave rise to scores of innovations, especially in night-fighter technology. Thus, not only did she become the second woman to be awarded the Iron Cross, First Class, but towards the end of the war she was also appointed head of her own research station. She would spend her mornings performing death-defying manoeuvres in the air and her afternoons at the drawing board, perfecting her designs.

As a story of two women bursting through the very low glass ceilings of their time and rising to the pinnacle of their profession, Mulleys book is a satisfying, rollicking read. But there is a great deal more nuance here than first meets the eye. Neither woman regarded herself as a feminist indeed, Melitta openly repudiated the very idea. Both worked in the service of a vile regime, and were well aware of the crimes it was committing. One wants to celebrate their achievements, but Mulley deliberately makes us uncomfortable about doing so.

Furthermore, she reveals that despite some superficial similarities, these were two very different women. Hanna was brash, impatient for change, and became a fanatical Nazi. She had private dinners with Gring, Himmler and Hitler, and even spent time with Hitler in his bunker during the final days of the Nazi Reich. She survived the war but kept the taint of her Nazi past until her death in 1979.

Melitta, by contrast, lived by the traditional values of the old German Junker class. She was also half-Jewish, and was only spared deportation to the camps because her pioneering work was worth too much to the regime. Before the war she married into the family of Claus von Stauffenberg, and wholeheartedly supported his plot to kill Hitler in 1944. She died in a doomed attempt to find her husband at the very end of the war when her plane was shot down by the Allies. Each woman in her way was therefore emblematic of a different facet of German society during the most turbulent years of the 20th century.

Mulleys biography is well researched, beautifully written, and gives a perspective on the war that even seasoned students will find refreshing. So do not be put off by the title: this is one book that should not be judged by its cover.

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Hitler’s glamorous high flyers – Spectator.co.uk

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Duterte compares Islamic State to Hitler – NEWS.com.au

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte says he cannot guarantee that other parts of the country are safe from attacks by the Islamic State organisation, a group he likened to German dictator Adolf Hitler.

Hitler, said Duterte, killed millions of Jews “for nothing.”

Duterte said he could not even tell when a siege by hundreds of militants allied with the terrorist group in Marawi City, 800km south of Manila, would end, nor what to expect in the coming days.

“It if ends tomorrow, I’ll be the most happiest man in the country,” Duterte told reporters after receiving millions of dollars worth of rifles and ammunition donated by China.

When asked if he could guarantee that a similar attack in other parts of the country would not happen, the 72-year-old leader said, “I cannot give that assurance.”

“It’s bereft of ideology,” he said, referring to the Islamic State. “What they know is just to kill and destroy … It’s a mass insanity.”

“Every generation has that kind of [phenomenon]. During our parents’ time, Hitler was a madman, and yet he was able to contaminate a lot of people with his ideas about killing Jews.

“Killing by the millions for nothing. That’s just like ISIS.”

Troops have been battling the militants for more than a month in Marawi City, where rescuers on Wednesday recovered 17 decomposing bodies of civilians believed to have been killed by the terrorists.

The retrieval brought to 44 the number of civilians allegedly killed by the militants during the five-week conflict, said Brigadier General Restituto Padilla, a military spokesman.

Padilla said the number of civilians killed by the militants allied with Islamic State could still increase as reports of other executions are validated.

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Duterte compares Islamic State to Hitler – NEWS.com.au

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North Korea Says Trump Is Following Hitler’s Path and His ‘America First’ Policies Are More Brutal Than Nazism – Newsweek

North Koreas state-run news agency has slammed President Donald Trumps America First policies as being even more ferocious and brutal than Nazism under Adolf Hitler. The editorial, titled Nazism in the 21st CenturyDefeating America First, published by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) Tuesday, comes at a time of increasing tensions between the two countries and ahead of South Korean President Moon Jae-Ins first visit to the White House this week.

Related: North Korea threat is top priority, says Trumps new ambassador to China

The American-first principle…advocates the world domination by recourse to military means just as was the case with Hitlers concept of world occupation, read the editorial, in comments translated by The Japan Times.

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It added: The American version of Nazism [is] far surpassing the fascism in the last century in its ferocious, brutal and chauvinistic nature.

The wild charges follow Trumps touting of hisAmerica First theme since his campaign last year. Trumphas threatened to pull out of international trade agreements and military alliances, and has withdrawn the U.S. from the Paris climate agreement.

KCNA had some strong words for the United States president, too, claiming that he was following Hitlers dictatorial politics, dividing people into either friends or foes and manufacturing an atmosphere of horror among political, public, media, information and all other circles in the U.S.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un watches a test of a new anti-aircraft guided-weapon system organized by the Academy of National Defense Science in this undated photo released by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), May 28. KCNA/Reuters

Writing on the North Korea analysis site 38North, Robert Carlin, a visiting scholar at Stanford Universitys Center for International Security and Cooperation, said Monday that over the past month Pyongyang had relaxed restrictions on rhetorical attacks on the new U.S. administration.

The coarsening language toward the administration, and toward the president himself, seems to reflect a slowly sharpening discussion within the regime over how to react once Washington announced its new policy of maximum pressure and dialogue, Carlin added.

In the face of continued North Korea missile launches and its repeated vows to carry out a sixth nuclear test, the White House has talked up the possibility of a major conflict with that country.

Another point of contention was the case of American Otto Warmbier, whodiedlast week just days after returning home to the U.S. in a coma after17 months in North Korean detention. Following Warmbiers death, Trump condemned the brutality of the North Korean regime.

South Korean President Moon also blamed North Korea for Warmbiersdeath. However, Moon, who was elected last month, has embraced a more diplomatic, cooperative stance with North Korea in comparison to his conservative predecessors of the past decade.

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North Korea Says Trump Is Following Hitler’s Path and His ‘America First’ Policies Are More Brutal Than Nazism – Newsweek

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One tried to kill him, one tried to save him: the women who flew for Hitler – Telegraph.co.uk

In September 1938, Melitta von Stauffenberg touched down on British soil. The German pilot was a special guest at Chigwell airfield, in Essex, which had been put at the disposal of the British Womens Air Reserve.

Keen to show off Germanys female aviators, Nazi Minister for Aviation Hermann Gring, selected Melitta to take part in the displays at the grand opening.

Her official mission was to extend the hand of friendship. Unofficially, she was there to show British pilots how it was done. Melitta, 35, hated publicity and was loathe to take part.

Nevertheless, she wowed the crowds by performing perilous loops. Yet even as she did, Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain was, at that very moment, in talks with Hitler in Cologne.

Less than a week later, Britain agreed to the German annexation of the Czech Sudetenland. Within a year, the two countries would be at war.

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One tried to kill him, one tried to save him: the women who flew for Hitler – Telegraph.co.uk

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Donald Trump Is Not Like Hitler, Says the Director of ‘Downfall’ – IndieWire

Oliver Hirschbiegels 2004 drama Downfall was the definitive portrait of Adolf Hitler at the end of WWII, examining the dictator during his final days as he ran out of options. It also provided fodder for one of the greatest viral memes of all time the Downfall parody videos, which position fake subtitles over a pivotal scene in which Hitler (Bruno Ganz) lashes out at his staff upon realizing that hes lost the war. Over the years, Hitler has lashed out over topics ranging from Oasis splitting up to Ben Affleck getting cast as the Batman.

While this wasnt part of Hirschbiegels plan, the video does speak to his skills as a filmmaker, given that the scene is filled with pregnant pauses and sudden bursts of anger that make it the perfect template for so many circumstances.

READ MORE: 13 Minutes Trailer: Downfall Director Oliver Hirschbiegel Dramatizes the Failed Plot to Assassinate Hitler

Needless to say, a lot of the world has felt like it has been watching a slowed-down, real-life version of the Downfall parody ever since Donald Trump became a candidate for president. The cartoonish ex-reality stars heated temperament and outsized ego drag the histrionics of the Downfall scene into modern times. But Hirschbiegel, who has revised the Third Reich era with 13 Minutes, opening this week, is wary of comparing the two figures.

You cant compare Trump to Hitler, Hirschbiegel said. Hes certainly not a dictator or a tyrant who slaughtered his own people, as Hitler did. Instead, the director said that the parallel exists only in the impulses that catapulted Trump to the White House. Overall, there seems to be this tendency where people do not believe in the political system and they feel betrayed by the elite, he said. Thats why theyre looking for figures like Trump or Teresa May. They put hope in people like that, which is terrible, because these people only work by a system of right or wrong, or winning and losing. Thats childish. Thats not what civilized people should do in a diverse, globalized society.

In 13 Minutes, Hirschbiegel chronicles the little-known efforts of the working class carpenter Georg Elser (Christian Frieden), who attempted to assassinate Hitler in November 1939. Elser set off a bomb at a rally that killed several people, but Hitler had left the event early; Elser was later arrested and executed at the Dachau concentration camp. Hirschbiegel noted that the film was welcomed positively in Germany, unlike Downfall, which was seen as controversial for foregrounding Hitlers experiences.

Elsers not a known figure, Hirschbiegel said, but he is the first to see that somebody needed to do something. He was really clairvoyant. People appreciated this character. We need people like that today looking at the state of the world. He wasnt a political person. He just saw something terribly wrong happening and nobody was doing anything about it. The reality was way more drastic. In order to stop this, he knew he had to become the tyrant slayer.

READ MORE: Robert Smigel on Triumphs Hulu Specials and Why He Regrets Comparing Donald Trump to Hitler

While Hirschbiegel stopped short of saying that America needs its own Elser, the filmmaker did acknowledge that Trump has had a dramatic effect on the way American citizens are evaluating their individual responsibilities. Trump is all about power, Hirschbiegel said. But the good effect of Trump is that people are waking up. Theyre realizing, Oops, I should vote and I should have a position. Because if I dont, watch out: someone will get elected who doesnt represent my interests and could abuse the whole country.

13 Minutes opens theatrically on Friday, June 30. Watch the trailer below:

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North Korea likens Donald Trump to Hitler – Globalnews.ca

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U.S. President Donald Trump pictured on June 26, 2017, in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington.

North Korean state media compared U.S. President Donald Trumps America First principals to Nazism, in an editorial published Monday.

The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) published an article dubbed We Reject American-first Principle- Nazism in the 21st Century as tensions remain high between the two countries.

The idea is the American version of Nazism far surpassing the fascism in the last century in its ferocious, brutal and chauvinistic nature, reads the article. The American-first principle arouses denunciation by the public at home and abroad as it advocates the world domination by recourse to military means just as was the case with Hitlers concept of world occupation.

READ MORE: North Korea says its the biggest victim following death of Otto Warmbier

Just following Hitlers dictatorial politics, Trumps two-nation strategy justifies suppression after dividing nationals into two categories i.e. friends and foes, the article went on to say.

The editorial also criticized Trumps anti-immigration policies, calling them little short of fascisms racist politics, adding that Trump has denied the history of the U.S. itself, a multi-national and multi-racial country.

The state-run media accused the U.S. of violating the Paris climate agreement.

WATCH: Coverage of the Otto Warmbier case

The Trump way of thinking that the whole world may be sacrificed just for the better living of the U.S., has put even its allies and stooges in a pretty fix, reads the editorial. The U.S. wantonly violated the Paris agreement on preservation of earth environment as an extension of its moves of defying even international law and agreements.

This comes just days after the death of U.S. university student Otto Warmbier, who died shortly after being released from a North Korean prison. Warmbier, a tourist, was sentenced to 15 years of hard labour for trying to steal an item bearing a propaganda slogan from his hotel, North Korea state media said.

READ MORE: North Korea tests rocket engine that could help it produce a ballistic missile

Trump blamed the brutality of the North Korean regime for Warmbiers death.

On Thursday, North Korea conducted another rocket test, which could be part of its program to develop an intercontinental ballistic missile, according to U.S. officials.

The test came a day after the United States pressed China to exert more economic and diplomatic pressure on North Korea to help rein in its nuclear and missile programs.

2017Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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North Korea likens Donald Trump to Hitler – Globalnews.ca

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Nazi leader Adolf Hitler started World War 2 to ‘wield spear that … – Daily Star

ADOLF Hitler was obsessed with seizing a mythical biblical relic and led the Nazis to war to get his hands on it, it has been shockingly been claimed.

Occult historians allege the leader of the Third Reich had a fixation on magical artefact the so-called Spear of Destiny.

Nazi soldiers annexed Austria in 1938, and it is claimed Hitler sent a secret SS squad to capture the legendary spear also known as the Holy Lance which was hidden in Vienna.

World War 2 was started as Hitler believed the power of the weapon would give him the power to conquer the world, some writers outrageously claim.

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Eva Braun kept a personal photo album, full of photos of her lover Adolf Hitler which he had never authorised to be released to the public. The album was found in Eva Braun’s home by a photographer at the end of WW2, and has gone up for auction at C&T Auctions in Kent

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A candid photo of Adolf Hitler reading through papers

I think it is a very damaging misconception about history

Hitler is said to have become obsessed with the weapon while spending his youth in Austria, in repeated claims linked back to British occult author Trevor Ravenscroft.

The writer claimed he had access to the notes of Dr Walter Stein an Austrian philosopher and Holy Grail researcher who is said to have known the young Nazi leader.

It is claimed that after conquering Austria and arriving in Vienna on March 12, 1938, the Nazi boss first port of call was the Hofmuseum the resting place of the Spear of Destiny.

To this day the black and golden blade is on display at the Hofburg Palace and history records say the item was a ceremonial item used by the Holy Roman Empire.

Hitlers associations with the occult and black magic has long been the subject of modern myth.

Historians attribute the Nazi partys use of German mythology in its iconography to the alleged links between the Fuhrer and an interest in magic and Biblical legend.

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Myth has long been associated with the Holy Lance which is known in Christianity as the Spear of Longinus.

Legend claims the spear was wielded by Roman centurion Longinus when he stabbed Jesus Christ in the side as he hung from the cross on the mount in Calvary.

Christian stories claim the blood of Jesus went into Longinus’ eyes, healing his blindness, and he went on to become a saint.

His spear reportedly ended up in the hands of the Holy Roman Empire, before being seized by the Nazis in the conquest of Austria.

Churches around the world venerate what many believe to be items from Jesus’ life, or the crucifixion. Could these prove the existence of the son of God?

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Filmmaker Simcha Jacobovici believes these nails he discovered in a cave in Jerusalem were used to nail Jesus to the cross

Believers in the Nazis’ obsession with the Spear of Destiny claim it was what drove Hitler to go on a conquest of Europe.

A quote attributed to Hitler in various occult history books claims he described being smitten with the spear after seeing as a young man.

It says: I felt as though I myself had held it in my hands before in some earlier century of that I myself had once claimed it as my talisman of power and held the destiny of the world in my hands.

It is said the Nazis stashed the artefact with other seized objects and artworks in Nuremberg.

Hitler has long been claimed to have had a fascination with the occult something popularised in movies such as Indiana Jones and games such as Wolfenstein.

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Modern myth claims Hitler kept control of the Spear right up until the dying days of the war.

The artefact was then found when the US army seized Nuremberg.

It is then claimed by occultists that it was recaptured at the very same moment Hitler shot himself in his Fhrerbunker in Berlin.

These colour photographs show war from the point of view of a Nazi soldier. See how members of the sick genocidal regime viewed the most devastating war in history

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German soldiers carry the swastika-draped coffin of a dead Nazi

Dozens of paintings by Adolf Hitler were on show for a private viewing in Nuremberg on Wednesday, as the Weidler Auction House gets set to put the pictures and documents under the hammer to be awarded to highest bidder. This

The ‘neo-Nazi village’ where neighbours give each other Hitler salutes

Up close with Adolf Hitler’s Panzer 1000 MEGA-TANK

Historians agree the object known as the Spear of Destiny was seized by Hitler from Vienna.

But they cast doubt over the theory peddled by occultists that the reasons behind its capture was a hidden obsession of the Fuhrer.

Historian Sean Munger, who hosts the Second Decade podcast on iTunes, told Daily Star Online: “The Hofburg Spear is definitely an interesting and historically significant artefact.

“However, in our own time, much of the interest in the ‘Spear of Destiny’ has stemmed from what I think is a very damaging misconception about history, which is unfortunately very popular: the myth of ‘Nazi black magic’ or Nazi occultism.”

He blasts the occultists theory as not supported by the historical record.

Mr Munger added: To claim that Hitlers motivation for refining the Nazi Party as he did was to advance this kind of cultural or quasi-religious mythology is very misleading.

“Theres a difference, especially in politics, between motivation and marketing.”

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Hitler-inspired Schemes of Partition Are Abolishing the Republic of Cyprus – HuffPost

Turkey and the British Empire never forgave Cyprus for escaping their colonial brutality.

WWI wrecked the Ottoman Empire. Its successor state, Turkey, has been under the delusion that fomenting a zealous Islam can recreate its former power. WWII forced the diminution and abolition of the British Empire, now a weak and small version of its former self remains, known as the United Kingdom.

Cyprus passed from the Ottoman to the British Empire in late nineteenth century.

The British sowed the seeds for the ceaseless conflicts between Greeks and Turks in Cyprus. In a declassified 10 November 1956 document, A Memorandum on Possible Schemes of Partition, the British colonial officials proposed Cyprus be divided into a Greek and a Turkish zone with population exchange to make each zone independent of each other. This meant the British would continue to rule the two zones of Greeks and Turks on the island.

However, the Cypriot Greeks won their war against the British administrators and occupiers of their country. In 1960, Cyprus became the independent Republic of Cyprus. This political change intensified the antagonism of the Cypriot Turks and Turkey towards the Greeks and the Republic of Cyprus.

The almost inevitable clash between Turkey and the Republic of Cyprus came in two invasions Turkey launched against Cyprus: 20 July 1974 and 14 August 1974. The effects were catastrophic for the island. On August 3, 1974, Glafcos Clerides, president of Cyprus, telegraphed Richard Nixon, president of the United States. He said this about the Turkish atrocities of the first invasion:

I wish to bring to your knowledge that the invading Turkish army as you must already be aware has shown absolute disregard to the 1949 Geneva conventions and to the fundamental human rights. Besides the indiscriminate bombing, shelling and shooting of unarmed civilians and of such internationally protected institutions of infirmaries, hospitals, schools, and even Red Cross Center of Cyprus, the Turkish army has inflicted unprecedented harassment on the civilian population of the area it has occupied in northern Cyprus. The Turkish army after occupying the Greek inhabited area in and around the city of Kyrenia have systematically looted and plundered the properties of the inhabitants, have arrested all the men, molested women, children and elderly people and indulged in repeated rapes, arsons, cold blooded murders of civilians and forced expulsion of the inhabitants from their homes. Around 20,000 civilians have already been forced by the Turkish army to leave their homes situated in northern Cyprus.

I appeal to you in the hope that you will exert the maximum of your influence on the Turkish government to stop immediately all actions violating the relevant Security Council resolutions in Cyprus, the fundamental human rights and international humanitarian principles.

Its doubtful Nixon ever read this desperate appeal. He faced impeachment. Nixon resigned on 9 August 1974. However, Nixons Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, cared less about Cyprus. In fact, on 14 August 1974, the first day of the second Turkish invasion of Cyprus, Kissinger spoke on the phone to his British colleague, James Callaghan, Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary, and agreed the US and the UK would do nothing to stop the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. Callaghan said: the Turks have got a good cause [for their attack on Cyprus]. In my view this can now only be resolved by the creation of a zone. A zone in which they will have autonomy within a federal republicit is Greece who will need massaging because the Turks are too jingoistic, indeed too close to Hitler for my liking.

Callaghan was only perceptible in his mentioning of Hitler, and not merely because the Turks were astonishingly violent and they reminded him of the German Nazi leader.

Callaghan expressed the British colonial view of zoning the natives, separating them, locking them up in concentration camps-like zones to be oppressed, indeed annihilated eventually. And since in the case of Cyprus, Turkey had the guns and the Turks reminded him of Hitler and his similar tactics on minorities or undesirables, the annihilation in Cyprus would be done by the Turks. The Greeks would be given a choice of becoming Moslems or be annihilated.

Despite this infrastructure of centuries of antagonisms between Turks and Greeks, the relatively recent bloody invasions of Cyprus by Turkey, and the almost certain prospect of zoning the Cypriots into unacceptable and racist ghettos, the president of the Republic of Cyprus, Nikos Anastasiades, agreed to the zoning solution.

Starting tomorrow, 28 June 2017, Turkey, Greece, the UN and the two leaders of the Cypriots, Greek and Turkish, but not the president of the Republic of Cyprus, will start a secret conference in Geneva. The chilling precedence for this secret conclave in Geneva deciding the disappearance of the Republic of Cyprus comes from the Munich Conference of 29 September 1938 that gave Hitler Czechoslovakia to do as he saw fit.

Hitler wiped out Czechoslovakia to benefit Germans. Similarly, Turkey is planning to do the same thing to the Greeks of Cyprus. And the almost unbelievable thing is that plenty of Cypriot Greeks and the political leaders of Greece have swallowed the propaganda of Turkey, UK and the United Nations that putting the Greeks of Cyprus into a zone is just fine. The fact this decision is being taken behind the backs of the Greeks and the world, that Turkey is an open book of hatred for Greeks, remains unnoticed. Death foretold in civilized silence.

The Greeks of Cyprus need to denounce their president and rush to elect an alternative administration for the defense of their lives and their Republic. All Greeks from all over the world should join them. EU and America should support democracy in Cyprus, proscribing the Munich paradigm at the heart of the Geneva conference.

Turkey should be ordered to remove its troops from Cyprus.

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The Man Who Almost Killed Hitler – Jewish Week

JTA What if Adolf Hitler had been assassinated shortly after his armies invaded Poland to start World War II? How would global and Jewish history have played out?

The question is not answered directly in the German film 13 Minutes. But the movie, based on an actual, lone-wolf plot to kill the Fuhrer that nearly succeeded, is both a classical thriller, pitting one man against the system, and an exploration of how minute circumstance can affect the fates of millions.

13 Minutes is directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel, who is perhaps best known for his remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers with Nicole Kidman and Daniel Craig, as well as The Downfall, which re-created Hitlers last days in a Berlin bunker.

At the heart of the films plot is Georg Elser (played by Christian Friedel), a 35-year-old carpenter and tinkerer in a small Swabian village who played in the town band and was popular with the local girls. Hes a communist sympathizer but not a party member who observes with growing concern how his village gradually transformed during the early years of Nazi rule.

Elser sees an acquaintance who is forced to sit on the street surrounded by Brownshirts and townspeople with a sign around her neck reading, In the village I am the greatest swine and consort only with Jews (it rhymes in German). He attends a propaganda film in which Hitler proclaims that under his rule every German will have a radio, then a luxury, and the rutted village roads will be paved and lighted.

In 13 Minutes, Christian Friedel portrays Georg Elser, a German whose bomb, intended to kill Adolf Hitler, failed because the Fuhrer ended his beer hall speech earlier than expected. Bernd Schuller/Sony Pictures Classics

At a time when expert statesmen and pundits maintained that Hitler represented a temporary aberration or could be appeased, Elser becomes convinced that the Fuhrer will plunge Germany into war and that if nobody else will stop the Nazi dictator, he must do the job himself.

Elser knew that Hitler addressed his followers at Munichs largest beer hall every Nov. 8, the date of his foiled 1923 putsch to seize power in the Bavarian city as a base to overthrow the Weimar Republic.

So, starting in late 1938, he repeatedly visited the beer hall, taking careful measurements of the columns flanking the speakers podium. Elser took a job in an armaments factory and smuggled out explosives, dynamite sticks and detonators.

As Nov. 8 drew closer, Elser labored night after night on his knees, holding a flashlight in his mouth, to insert the homemade bomb into the column. He connected the bomb to two clocks timed to trigger during Hitlers typically lengthy tirade.

Christian Friedel during the 5th German Director Award Metropolis at in Munich, Germany in 2015. Getty Images

On the evening of the putsch anniversary, Elser took a train to the Swiss border to await news of Hitlers death. Instead, however, he learned that the Fuhrer had unexpectedly cut short his speech.

Exactly 13 minutes after Hitler left the podium, the bomb exploded at the precise spot where Hitler had been standing. The blast killed seven Nazi officials and, to Elsers lifelong regret, an innocent waitress.

As Elser tried to cross the border into Switzerland, something about his behavior aroused the suspicion of a German border guard, who arrested Elser and sent him, under guard, to a Gestapo prison in Berlin.

Hitler was convinced that Elser was but a tool in a vast conspiracy orchestrated by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and demanded that Elser be tortured until he revealed the masterminds behind the assassination attempt. But even under the most brutal torture, Elser refused to give even his name and birth date. Only after the Gestapo drags in his longtime lover, who is pregnant with his child, does he acknowledge the plot, with himself as the sole author.

Nobody believed Elsers story, but instead of being executed on the spot, he was shipped to various concentration camps, ending up in Dachau.

In April 1945, however, as Hitlers dream of a 1,000-year Reich came crashing down, the Fuhrer remembered Elser and ordered that he be executed with a pistol shot through the neck. Two weeks after Elser was killed, U.S. troops liberated Dachau.

13 Minutes, released in Germany in 2015 with the title Elser He Would Have Changed the World, was well received by German critics and the public, Hirschbiegel said by phone from Vienna.

The influential magazine Der Spiegel noted that because of the film, Elser became recognized as a true German hero after having been largely ignored by historians.

13 Minutes is the latest in a number of German movies showing how individual Germans, men and women, stood up against the Nazi regime. They include Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, Rosenstrasse and, most recently, Labyrinth of Lies.

Does the spate of films about Germans who resisted the Nazis reign of terror show the world that there were good Germans during this horrific time?

Not exactly, Hirschbiegel said, noting that for at least two decades after World War II, most Germans tried to ignore the crimes of the wartime generation entirely and it took even longer to honor the bravery of resistors like Elser.

But, he added, there are only a few courageous individuals in every society who embody the spirit of freedom. As an American example, the filmmaker cited whistleblower Edward Snowden, who exposed thousands of secret U.S. government documents.

Snowden saw that something wrong was going on and if no one else would do anything about it, he had to do it himself, Hirschbiegel said.

13 Minutes opens June 30 at Lincoln Plaza Cinema, 1886 Broadway, lincolnplazacinema.com.

Christian Friedel in an armaments factory in a scene from 13 Minutes. Sony Pictures Classics

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The Man Who Almost Killed Hitler – Jewish Week

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Hitler’s glamorous high flyers – Spectator.co.uk

It is conventional wisdom in the publishing industry that, despite the old adage, readers do indeed judge books by their covers. So, it seems, do passengers on the No. 29 bus. For a middle-aged man reading Clare Mulleys The Women Who Flew for Hitler, some of the looks I got made me so uncomfortable that I took to hiding the cover behind a newspaper. So lets get one thing straight from the beginning: this is not a niche book for Third Reich enthusiasts, nor a seedy excuse to fantasise about women in Nazi uniforms. Do not be put off by the awful title: it is in fact a serious double biography of two of the most remarkable women in the history of aviation. The first of Mulleys subjects, and the more famous of the two, is Hanna Reitsch. Reitsch was the darling of the prewar German press and one of the most giftedfliers of her generation. At the age of 21, this extraordinary woman flew a glider through storm clouds to set a new world altitude record for unpowered flight. In 1937 she became the first woman ever to fly a helicopter, and during the second world war she flew every plane going, including manned versions of the V-1 flying bomb. Her physical courage seemed to know no bounds. In 1942, she crashed in a jet plane prototype she was testing; but despite breaking her back in several places, and having her nose torn from her face, she was back flying again within a year. She was the first German woman to be made a Flight Captain, the first to receive the Military Flying Medal, and the first to receive the Iron Cross, First Class. She was the one and only Hanna Reitsch, as one of her male colleagues put it, a symbol of German womanhood and the idol of German aviation. The second woman in Mulleys book, though less well known, is perhaps even more impressive. Melitta Schiller was a military test pilot whose determination to stress her planes to their very limits seemed almost suicidal. According to one contemporary, taking a plane into even a moderate nosedive was something many male pilots already regarded as an act of heroism. Melitta insisted on flying her planes almost vertically towards the ground, only pulling out at the very last moment. On one such dive the canopy of her plane blew off, leaving her exposed to the elements as she tried to bring her plane back under control. On another occasion her windscreen exploded. She was forced to crash-land several times, and once had to bail out when her plane caught fire. Yet she remained undeterred: during the course of her career she completed more than 2,000 nosedives in the name of research. The half-Jewish Melitta Schiller, who supported the plot to kill Hitler. However, what made Melitta Schiller so exceptional was that the equipment she was testing during these dives was often also designed by her. The research of this talented aeronautical engineer gave rise to scores of innovations, especially in night-fighter technology. Thus, not only did she become the second woman to be awarded the Iron Cross, First Class, but towards the end of the war she was also appointed head of her own research station. She would spend her mornings performing death-defying manoeuvres in the air and her afternoons at the drawing board, perfecting her designs. As a story of two women bursting through the very low glass ceilings of their time and rising to the pinnacle of their profession, Mulleys book is a satisfying, rollicking read. But there is a great deal more nuance here than first meets the eye. Neither woman regarded herself as a feminist indeed, Melitta openly repudiated the very idea. Both worked in the service of a vile regime, and were well aware of the crimes it was committing. One wants to celebrate their achievements, but Mulley deliberately makes us uncomfortable about doing so. Furthermore, she reveals that despite some superficial similarities, these were two very different women. Hanna was brash, impatient for change, and became a fanatical Nazi. She had private dinners with Gring, Himmler and Hitler, and even spent time with Hitler in his bunker during the final days of the Nazi Reich. She survived the war but kept the taint of her Nazi past until her death in 1979. Melitta, by contrast, lived by the traditional values of the old German Junker class. She was also half-Jewish, and was only spared deportation to the camps because her pioneering work was worth too much to the regime. Before the war she married into the family of Claus von Stauffenberg, and wholeheartedly supported his plot to kill Hitler in 1944. She died in a doomed attempt to find her husband at the very end of the war when her plane was shot down by the Allies. Each woman in her way was therefore emblematic of a different facet of German society during the most turbulent years of the 20th century. Mulleys biography is well researched, beautifully written, and gives a perspective on the war that even seasoned students will find refreshing. So do not be put off by the title: this is one book that should not be judged by its cover.

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Duterte compares Islamic State to Hitler – NEWS.com.au

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte says he cannot guarantee that other parts of the country are safe from attacks by the Islamic State organisation, a group he likened to German dictator Adolf Hitler. Hitler, said Duterte, killed millions of Jews “for nothing.” Duterte said he could not even tell when a siege by hundreds of militants allied with the terrorist group in Marawi City, 800km south of Manila, would end, nor what to expect in the coming days. “It if ends tomorrow, I’ll be the most happiest man in the country,” Duterte told reporters after receiving millions of dollars worth of rifles and ammunition donated by China. When asked if he could guarantee that a similar attack in other parts of the country would not happen, the 72-year-old leader said, “I cannot give that assurance.” “It’s bereft of ideology,” he said, referring to the Islamic State. “What they know is just to kill and destroy … It’s a mass insanity.” “Every generation has that kind of [phenomenon]. During our parents’ time, Hitler was a madman, and yet he was able to contaminate a lot of people with his ideas about killing Jews. “Killing by the millions for nothing. That’s just like ISIS.” Troops have been battling the militants for more than a month in Marawi City, where rescuers on Wednesday recovered 17 decomposing bodies of civilians believed to have been killed by the terrorists. The retrieval brought to 44 the number of civilians allegedly killed by the militants during the five-week conflict, said Brigadier General Restituto Padilla, a military spokesman. Padilla said the number of civilians killed by the militants allied with Islamic State could still increase as reports of other executions are validated.

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North Korea Says Trump Is Following Hitler’s Path and His ‘America First’ Policies Are More Brutal Than Nazism – Newsweek

North Koreas state-run news agency has slammed President Donald Trumps America First policies as being even more ferocious and brutal than Nazism under Adolf Hitler. The editorial, titled Nazism in the 21st CenturyDefeating America First, published by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) Tuesday, comes at a time of increasing tensions between the two countries and ahead of South Korean President Moon Jae-Ins first visit to the White House this week. Related: North Korea threat is top priority, says Trumps new ambassador to China The American-first principle…advocates the world domination by recourse to military means just as was the case with Hitlers concept of world occupation, read the editorial, in comments translated by The Japan Times. Daily Emails and Alerts- Get the best of Newsweek delivered to your inbox It added: The American version of Nazism [is] far surpassing the fascism in the last century in its ferocious, brutal and chauvinistic nature. The wild charges follow Trumps touting of hisAmerica First theme since his campaign last year. Trumphas threatened to pull out of international trade agreements and military alliances, and has withdrawn the U.S. from the Paris climate agreement. KCNA had some strong words for the United States president, too, claiming that he was following Hitlers dictatorial politics, dividing people into either friends or foes and manufacturing an atmosphere of horror among political, public, media, information and all other circles in the U.S. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un watches a test of a new anti-aircraft guided-weapon system organized by the Academy of National Defense Science in this undated photo released by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), May 28. KCNA/Reuters Writing on the North Korea analysis site 38North, Robert Carlin, a visiting scholar at Stanford Universitys Center for International Security and Cooperation, said Monday that over the past month Pyongyang had relaxed restrictions on rhetorical attacks on the new U.S. administration. The coarsening language toward the administration, and toward the president himself, seems to reflect a slowly sharpening discussion within the regime over how to react once Washington announced its new policy of maximum pressure and dialogue, Carlin added. In the face of continued North Korea missile launches and its repeated vows to carry out a sixth nuclear test, the White House has talked up the possibility of a major conflict with that country. Another point of contention was the case of American Otto Warmbier, whodiedlast week just days after returning home to the U.S. in a coma after17 months in North Korean detention. Following Warmbiers death, Trump condemned the brutality of the North Korean regime. South Korean President Moon also blamed North Korea for Warmbiersdeath. However, Moon, who was elected last month, has embraced a more diplomatic, cooperative stance with North Korea in comparison to his conservative predecessors of the past decade.

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One tried to kill him, one tried to save him: the women who flew for Hitler – Telegraph.co.uk

In September 1938, Melitta von Stauffenberg touched down on British soil. The German pilot was a special guest at Chigwell airfield, in Essex, which had been put at the disposal of the British Womens Air Reserve. Keen to show off Germanys female aviators, Nazi Minister for Aviation Hermann Gring, selected Melitta to take part in the displays at the grand opening. Her official mission was to extend the hand of friendship. Unofficially, she was there to show British pilots how it was done. Melitta, 35, hated publicity and was loathe to take part. Nevertheless, she wowed the crowds by performing perilous loops. Yet even as she did, Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain was, at that very moment, in talks with Hitler in Cologne. Less than a week later, Britain agreed to the German annexation of the Czech Sudetenland. Within a year, the two countries would be at war.

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Donald Trump Is Not Like Hitler, Says the Director of ‘Downfall’ – IndieWire

Oliver Hirschbiegels 2004 drama Downfall was the definitive portrait of Adolf Hitler at the end of WWII, examining the dictator during his final days as he ran out of options. It also provided fodder for one of the greatest viral memes of all time the Downfall parody videos, which position fake subtitles over a pivotal scene in which Hitler (Bruno Ganz) lashes out at his staff upon realizing that hes lost the war. Over the years, Hitler has lashed out over topics ranging from Oasis splitting up to Ben Affleck getting cast as the Batman. While this wasnt part of Hirschbiegels plan, the video does speak to his skills as a filmmaker, given that the scene is filled with pregnant pauses and sudden bursts of anger that make it the perfect template for so many circumstances. READ MORE: 13 Minutes Trailer: Downfall Director Oliver Hirschbiegel Dramatizes the Failed Plot to Assassinate Hitler Needless to say, a lot of the world has felt like it has been watching a slowed-down, real-life version of the Downfall parody ever since Donald Trump became a candidate for president. The cartoonish ex-reality stars heated temperament and outsized ego drag the histrionics of the Downfall scene into modern times. But Hirschbiegel, who has revised the Third Reich era with 13 Minutes, opening this week, is wary of comparing the two figures. You cant compare Trump to Hitler, Hirschbiegel said. Hes certainly not a dictator or a tyrant who slaughtered his own people, as Hitler did. Instead, the director said that the parallel exists only in the impulses that catapulted Trump to the White House. Overall, there seems to be this tendency where people do not believe in the political system and they feel betrayed by the elite, he said. Thats why theyre looking for figures like Trump or Teresa May. They put hope in people like that, which is terrible, because these people only work by a system of right or wrong, or winning and losing. Thats childish. Thats not what civilized people should do in a diverse, globalized society. In 13 Minutes, Hirschbiegel chronicles the little-known efforts of the working class carpenter Georg Elser (Christian Frieden), who attempted to assassinate Hitler in November 1939. Elser set off a bomb at a rally that killed several people, but Hitler had left the event early; Elser was later arrested and executed at the Dachau concentration camp. Hirschbiegel noted that the film was welcomed positively in Germany, unlike Downfall, which was seen as controversial for foregrounding Hitlers experiences. Elsers not a known figure, Hirschbiegel said, but he is the first to see that somebody needed to do something. He was really clairvoyant. People appreciated this character. We need people like that today looking at the state of the world. He wasnt a political person. He just saw something terribly wrong happening and nobody was doing anything about it. The reality was way more drastic. In order to stop this, he knew he had to become the tyrant slayer. READ MORE: Robert Smigel on Triumphs Hulu Specials and Why He Regrets Comparing Donald Trump to Hitler While Hirschbiegel stopped short of saying that America needs its own Elser, the filmmaker did acknowledge that Trump has had a dramatic effect on the way American citizens are evaluating their individual responsibilities. Trump is all about power, Hirschbiegel said. But the good effect of Trump is that people are waking up. Theyre realizing, Oops, I should vote and I should have a position. Because if I dont, watch out: someone will get elected who doesnt represent my interests and could abuse the whole country. 13 Minutes opens theatrically on Friday, June 30. Watch the trailer below: Stay on top of the latest TV news! Sign up for our TV email newsletter here.

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North Korea likens Donald Trump to Hitler – Globalnews.ca

; U.S. President Donald Trump pictured on June 26, 2017, in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington. North Korean state media compared U.S. President Donald Trumps America First principals to Nazism, in an editorial published Monday. The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) published an article dubbed We Reject American-first Principle- Nazism in the 21st Century as tensions remain high between the two countries. The idea is the American version of Nazism far surpassing the fascism in the last century in its ferocious, brutal and chauvinistic nature, reads the article. The American-first principle arouses denunciation by the public at home and abroad as it advocates the world domination by recourse to military means just as was the case with Hitlers concept of world occupation. READ MORE: North Korea says its the biggest victim following death of Otto Warmbier Just following Hitlers dictatorial politics, Trumps two-nation strategy justifies suppression after dividing nationals into two categories i.e. friends and foes, the article went on to say. The editorial also criticized Trumps anti-immigration policies, calling them little short of fascisms racist politics, adding that Trump has denied the history of the U.S. itself, a multi-national and multi-racial country. The state-run media accused the U.S. of violating the Paris climate agreement. WATCH: Coverage of the Otto Warmbier case The Trump way of thinking that the whole world may be sacrificed just for the better living of the U.S., has put even its allies and stooges in a pretty fix, reads the editorial. The U.S. wantonly violated the Paris agreement on preservation of earth environment as an extension of its moves of defying even international law and agreements. This comes just days after the death of U.S. university student Otto Warmbier, who died shortly after being released from a North Korean prison. Warmbier, a tourist, was sentenced to 15 years of hard labour for trying to steal an item bearing a propaganda slogan from his hotel, North Korea state media said. READ MORE: North Korea tests rocket engine that could help it produce a ballistic missile Trump blamed the brutality of the North Korean regime for Warmbiers death. On Thursday, North Korea conducted another rocket test, which could be part of its program to develop an intercontinental ballistic missile, according to U.S. officials. The test came a day after the United States pressed China to exert more economic and diplomatic pressure on North Korea to help rein in its nuclear and missile programs. 2017Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Nazi leader Adolf Hitler started World War 2 to ‘wield spear that … – Daily Star

ADOLF Hitler was obsessed with seizing a mythical biblical relic and led the Nazis to war to get his hands on it, it has been shockingly been claimed. Occult historians allege the leader of the Third Reich had a fixation on magical artefact the so-called Spear of Destiny. Nazi soldiers annexed Austria in 1938, and it is claimed Hitler sent a secret SS squad to capture the legendary spear also known as the Holy Lance which was hidden in Vienna. World War 2 was started as Hitler believed the power of the weapon would give him the power to conquer the world, some writers outrageously claim. GETTY Eva Braun kept a personal photo album, full of photos of her lover Adolf Hitler which he had never authorised to be released to the public. The album was found in Eva Braun’s home by a photographer at the end of WW2, and has gone up for auction at C&T Auctions in Kent 1 / 15 A candid photo of Adolf Hitler reading through papers I think it is a very damaging misconception about history Hitler is said to have become obsessed with the weapon while spending his youth in Austria, in repeated claims linked back to British occult author Trevor Ravenscroft. The writer claimed he had access to the notes of Dr Walter Stein an Austrian philosopher and Holy Grail researcher who is said to have known the young Nazi leader. It is claimed that after conquering Austria and arriving in Vienna on March 12, 1938, the Nazi boss first port of call was the Hofmuseum the resting place of the Spear of Destiny. To this day the black and golden blade is on display at the Hofburg Palace and history records say the item was a ceremonial item used by the Holy Roman Empire. Hitlers associations with the occult and black magic has long been the subject of modern myth. Historians attribute the Nazi partys use of German mythology in its iconography to the alleged links between the Fuhrer and an interest in magic and Biblical legend. HISTORY CHANNEL GETTY Myth has long been associated with the Holy Lance which is known in Christianity as the Spear of Longinus. Legend claims the spear was wielded by Roman centurion Longinus when he stabbed Jesus Christ in the side as he hung from the cross on the mount in Calvary. Christian stories claim the blood of Jesus went into Longinus’ eyes, healing his blindness, and he went on to become a saint. His spear reportedly ended up in the hands of the Holy Roman Empire, before being seized by the Nazis in the conquest of Austria. Churches around the world venerate what many believe to be items from Jesus’ life, or the crucifixion. Could these prove the existence of the son of God? 1 / 12 Filmmaker Simcha Jacobovici believes these nails he discovered in a cave in Jerusalem were used to nail Jesus to the cross Believers in the Nazis’ obsession with the Spear of Destiny claim it was what drove Hitler to go on a conquest of Europe. A quote attributed to Hitler in various occult history books claims he described being smitten with the spear after seeing as a young man. It says: I felt as though I myself had held it in my hands before in some earlier century of that I myself had once claimed it as my talisman of power and held the destiny of the world in my hands. It is said the Nazis stashed the artefact with other seized objects and artworks in Nuremberg. Hitler has long been claimed to have had a fascination with the occult something popularised in movies such as Indiana Jones and games such as Wolfenstein. GETTY GETTY Modern myth claims Hitler kept control of the Spear right up until the dying days of the war. The artefact was then found when the US army seized Nuremberg. It is then claimed by occultists that it was recaptured at the very same moment Hitler shot himself in his Fhrerbunker in Berlin. These colour photographs show war from the point of view of a Nazi soldier. See how members of the sick genocidal regime viewed the most devastating war in history 1 / 10 German soldiers carry the swastika-draped coffin of a dead Nazi Dozens of paintings by Adolf Hitler were on show for a private viewing in Nuremberg on Wednesday, as the Weidler Auction House gets set to put the pictures and documents under the hammer to be awarded to highest bidder. This The ‘neo-Nazi village’ where neighbours give each other Hitler salutes Up close with Adolf Hitler’s Panzer 1000 MEGA-TANK Historians agree the object known as the Spear of Destiny was seized by Hitler from Vienna. But they cast doubt over the theory peddled by occultists that the reasons behind its capture was a hidden obsession of the Fuhrer. Historian Sean Munger, who hosts the Second Decade podcast on iTunes, told Daily Star Online: “The Hofburg Spear is definitely an interesting and historically significant artefact. “However, in our own time, much of the interest in the ‘Spear of Destiny’ has stemmed from what I think is a very damaging misconception about history, which is unfortunately very popular: the myth of ‘Nazi black magic’ or Nazi occultism.” He blasts the occultists theory as not supported by the historical record. Mr Munger added: To claim that Hitlers motivation for refining the Nazi Party as he did was to advance this kind of cultural or quasi-religious mythology is very misleading. “Theres a difference, especially in politics, between motivation and marketing.”

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Hitler-inspired Schemes of Partition Are Abolishing the Republic of Cyprus – HuffPost

Turkey and the British Empire never forgave Cyprus for escaping their colonial brutality. WWI wrecked the Ottoman Empire. Its successor state, Turkey, has been under the delusion that fomenting a zealous Islam can recreate its former power. WWII forced the diminution and abolition of the British Empire, now a weak and small version of its former self remains, known as the United Kingdom. Cyprus passed from the Ottoman to the British Empire in late nineteenth century. The British sowed the seeds for the ceaseless conflicts between Greeks and Turks in Cyprus. In a declassified 10 November 1956 document, A Memorandum on Possible Schemes of Partition, the British colonial officials proposed Cyprus be divided into a Greek and a Turkish zone with population exchange to make each zone independent of each other. This meant the British would continue to rule the two zones of Greeks and Turks on the island. However, the Cypriot Greeks won their war against the British administrators and occupiers of their country. In 1960, Cyprus became the independent Republic of Cyprus. This political change intensified the antagonism of the Cypriot Turks and Turkey towards the Greeks and the Republic of Cyprus. The almost inevitable clash between Turkey and the Republic of Cyprus came in two invasions Turkey launched against Cyprus: 20 July 1974 and 14 August 1974. The effects were catastrophic for the island. On August 3, 1974, Glafcos Clerides, president of Cyprus, telegraphed Richard Nixon, president of the United States. He said this about the Turkish atrocities of the first invasion: I wish to bring to your knowledge that the invading Turkish army as you must already be aware has shown absolute disregard to the 1949 Geneva conventions and to the fundamental human rights. Besides the indiscriminate bombing, shelling and shooting of unarmed civilians and of such internationally protected institutions of infirmaries, hospitals, schools, and even Red Cross Center of Cyprus, the Turkish army has inflicted unprecedented harassment on the civilian population of the area it has occupied in northern Cyprus. The Turkish army after occupying the Greek inhabited area in and around the city of Kyrenia have systematically looted and plundered the properties of the inhabitants, have arrested all the men, molested women, children and elderly people and indulged in repeated rapes, arsons, cold blooded murders of civilians and forced expulsion of the inhabitants from their homes. Around 20,000 civilians have already been forced by the Turkish army to leave their homes situated in northern Cyprus. I appeal to you in the hope that you will exert the maximum of your influence on the Turkish government to stop immediately all actions violating the relevant Security Council resolutions in Cyprus, the fundamental human rights and international humanitarian principles. Its doubtful Nixon ever read this desperate appeal. He faced impeachment. Nixon resigned on 9 August 1974. However, Nixons Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, cared less about Cyprus. In fact, on 14 August 1974, the first day of the second Turkish invasion of Cyprus, Kissinger spoke on the phone to his British colleague, James Callaghan, Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary, and agreed the US and the UK would do nothing to stop the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. Callaghan said: the Turks have got a good cause [for their attack on Cyprus]. In my view this can now only be resolved by the creation of a zone. A zone in which they will have autonomy within a federal republicit is Greece who will need massaging because the Turks are too jingoistic, indeed too close to Hitler for my liking. Callaghan was only perceptible in his mentioning of Hitler, and not merely because the Turks were astonishingly violent and they reminded him of the German Nazi leader. Callaghan expressed the British colonial view of zoning the natives, separating them, locking them up in concentration camps-like zones to be oppressed, indeed annihilated eventually. And since in the case of Cyprus, Turkey had the guns and the Turks reminded him of Hitler and his similar tactics on minorities or undesirables, the annihilation in Cyprus would be done by the Turks. The Greeks would be given a choice of becoming Moslems or be annihilated. Despite this infrastructure of centuries of antagonisms between Turks and Greeks, the relatively recent bloody invasions of Cyprus by Turkey, and the almost certain prospect of zoning the Cypriots into unacceptable and racist ghettos, the president of the Republic of Cyprus, Nikos Anastasiades, agreed to the zoning solution. Starting tomorrow, 28 June 2017, Turkey, Greece, the UN and the two leaders of the Cypriots, Greek and Turkish, but not the president of the Republic of Cyprus, will start a secret conference in Geneva. The chilling precedence for this secret conclave in Geneva deciding the disappearance of the Republic of Cyprus comes from the Munich Conference of 29 September 1938 that gave Hitler Czechoslovakia to do as he saw fit. Hitler wiped out Czechoslovakia to benefit Germans. Similarly, Turkey is planning to do the same thing to the Greeks of Cyprus. And the almost unbelievable thing is that plenty of Cypriot Greeks and the political leaders of Greece have swallowed the propaganda of Turkey, UK and the United Nations that putting the Greeks of Cyprus into a zone is just fine. The fact this decision is being taken behind the backs of the Greeks and the world, that Turkey is an open book of hatred for Greeks, remains unnoticed. Death foretold in civilized silence. The Greeks of Cyprus need to denounce their president and rush to elect an alternative administration for the defense of their lives and their Republic. All Greeks from all over the world should join them. EU and America should support democracy in Cyprus, proscribing the Munich paradigm at the heart of the Geneva conference. Turkey should be ordered to remove its troops from Cyprus. The Morning Email Wake up to the day’s most important news.

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The Man Who Almost Killed Hitler – Jewish Week

JTA What if Adolf Hitler had been assassinated shortly after his armies invaded Poland to start World War II? How would global and Jewish history have played out? The question is not answered directly in the German film 13 Minutes. But the movie, based on an actual, lone-wolf plot to kill the Fuhrer that nearly succeeded, is both a classical thriller, pitting one man against the system, and an exploration of how minute circumstance can affect the fates of millions. 13 Minutes is directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel, who is perhaps best known for his remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers with Nicole Kidman and Daniel Craig, as well as The Downfall, which re-created Hitlers last days in a Berlin bunker. At the heart of the films plot is Georg Elser (played by Christian Friedel), a 35-year-old carpenter and tinkerer in a small Swabian village who played in the town band and was popular with the local girls. Hes a communist sympathizer but not a party member who observes with growing concern how his village gradually transformed during the early years of Nazi rule. Elser sees an acquaintance who is forced to sit on the street surrounded by Brownshirts and townspeople with a sign around her neck reading, In the village I am the greatest swine and consort only with Jews (it rhymes in German). He attends a propaganda film in which Hitler proclaims that under his rule every German will have a radio, then a luxury, and the rutted village roads will be paved and lighted. In 13 Minutes, Christian Friedel portrays Georg Elser, a German whose bomb, intended to kill Adolf Hitler, failed because the Fuhrer ended his beer hall speech earlier than expected. Bernd Schuller/Sony Pictures Classics At a time when expert statesmen and pundits maintained that Hitler represented a temporary aberration or could be appeased, Elser becomes convinced that the Fuhrer will plunge Germany into war and that if nobody else will stop the Nazi dictator, he must do the job himself. Elser knew that Hitler addressed his followers at Munichs largest beer hall every Nov. 8, the date of his foiled 1923 putsch to seize power in the Bavarian city as a base to overthrow the Weimar Republic. So, starting in late 1938, he repeatedly visited the beer hall, taking careful measurements of the columns flanking the speakers podium. Elser took a job in an armaments factory and smuggled out explosives, dynamite sticks and detonators. As Nov. 8 drew closer, Elser labored night after night on his knees, holding a flashlight in his mouth, to insert the homemade bomb into the column. He connected the bomb to two clocks timed to trigger during Hitlers typically lengthy tirade. Christian Friedel during the 5th German Director Award Metropolis at in Munich, Germany in 2015. Getty Images On the evening of the putsch anniversary, Elser took a train to the Swiss border to await news of Hitlers death. Instead, however, he learned that the Fuhrer had unexpectedly cut short his speech. Exactly 13 minutes after Hitler left the podium, the bomb exploded at the precise spot where Hitler had been standing. The blast killed seven Nazi officials and, to Elsers lifelong regret, an innocent waitress. As Elser tried to cross the border into Switzerland, something about his behavior aroused the suspicion of a German border guard, who arrested Elser and sent him, under guard, to a Gestapo prison in Berlin. Hitler was convinced that Elser was but a tool in a vast conspiracy orchestrated by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and demanded that Elser be tortured until he revealed the masterminds behind the assassination attempt. But even under the most brutal torture, Elser refused to give even his name and birth date. Only after the Gestapo drags in his longtime lover, who is pregnant with his child, does he acknowledge the plot, with himself as the sole author. Nobody believed Elsers story, but instead of being executed on the spot, he was shipped to various concentration camps, ending up in Dachau. In April 1945, however, as Hitlers dream of a 1,000-year Reich came crashing down, the Fuhrer remembered Elser and ordered that he be executed with a pistol shot through the neck. Two weeks after Elser was killed, U.S. troops liberated Dachau. 13 Minutes, released in Germany in 2015 with the title Elser He Would Have Changed the World, was well received by German critics and the public, Hirschbiegel said by phone from Vienna. The influential magazine Der Spiegel noted that because of the film, Elser became recognized as a true German hero after having been largely ignored by historians. 13 Minutes is the latest in a number of German movies showing how individual Germans, men and women, stood up against the Nazi regime. They include Sophie Scholl: The Final Days, Rosenstrasse and, most recently, Labyrinth of Lies. Does the spate of films about Germans who resisted the Nazis reign of terror show the world that there were good Germans during this horrific time? Not exactly, Hirschbiegel said, noting that for at least two decades after World War II, most Germans tried to ignore the crimes of the wartime generation entirely and it took even longer to honor the bravery of resistors like Elser. But, he added, there are only a few courageous individuals in every society who embody the spirit of freedom. As an American example, the filmmaker cited whistleblower Edward Snowden, who exposed thousands of secret U.S. government documents. Snowden saw that something wrong was going on and if no one else would do anything about it, he had to do it himself, Hirschbiegel said. 13 Minutes opens June 30 at Lincoln Plaza Cinema, 1886 Broadway, lincolnplazacinema.com. Christian Friedel in an armaments factory in a scene from 13 Minutes. Sony Pictures Classics

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