Archive for the ‘Israel’ Category

Eric Margolis, Author at LewRockwell

Putin Trumps Trump

While spending less than 5% of the Pentagons budget. Article by Eric Margolis.

3/6/2018

Fix Bayonets!

Lets attack China and Russia! Article by Eric Margolis.

2/24/2018

Oops

Sorry, We Destroyed Your Country in Error. Article by Eric Margolis.

2/17/2018

Make Sports, Not War

Eric Margolis on the promise of the Olympics.

2/10/2018

War Between the US and Turkey?

Eric Margolis on neocon conspirators.

2/3/2018

Russia’s New Monster Weapon

Eric Margolis on a frightening response to the US.

1/27/2018

Is the US Preparing To Attack Pakistan?

For India, Israel, and the Pentagram. Article by Eric Margolis.

1/13/2018

Iran Is Not Ready for Regime Change

Thank goodness, says Eric Margolis.

1/6/2018

Trump’s Great Purge

He doesnt understand trade, says Eric Margolis.

12/30/2017

Lies, Damned Lies

Eric Margolis on how the West fooled Russia.

12/16/2017

Trump’s Lop-Sided Crusade

Finally, the US reveals its Mideast bias, says Eric Margolis.

12/9/2017

Poison the Planet

With war on North Korea. Article by Eric Margolis.

12/2/2017

Remembering Bosnia’s Horrors

11/25/2017

Hands Off the Nuclear Button

And calm down, Mr. Trump, says Eric Margolis.

11/18/2017

Arrest the Usual Princes!

Is the House of Saud through? Or will there be even more war crimes? Article by Eric Margolis.

11/10/2017

Uncle Sam Takes Up the White Man’s Burden

Eric Margolis on criminality and empire.

11/4/2017

Xi Jinping – `L’état C’est Moi’

10/28/2017

The Phony Islamic State

Gets plastered. Article by Eric Margolis.

10/21/2017

Iran Must Be Destroyed

Eric Margolis on the next US war.

10/14/2017

Urgent Message to Spain

Calm down, says Eric Margolis.

10/7/2017

Vietnam Déjà Vu

Eric Margolis on more hisnonest, dishonorable imperial wars.

9/30/2017

Genghis Trump

Enough with the bombast, says Eric Margolis.

9/23/2017

Horrific Massacre in Burma

No one cares, says Eric Margolis.

9/11/2017

Time To Listen to South Korea

About North Korea. Article By Eric Margolis.

9/2/2017

I’m Scared

Eric Margolis on Trump and Korea.

8/25/2017

Miracle in Syria

Eric Margolis on Four Paws.

8/18/2017

Trump, Emulate Gorbachev

Ignore your generals and get out of Afghanistan, says Eric Margolis.

8/5/2017

Could Trump End the War on Syria?

Yes, and deserve the thanks of all decent men, if he’s for real, says Eric Margolis.

7/22/2017

Death of the West?

Eric Margolis on Woodrow Wilson and WWI.

7/15/2017

End the Korean War

Eric Margolis writes to Trump.

7/8/2017

France’s Macron

Will he actually be good for business? Article by Eric Margolis.

7/1/2017

When Will the Mideast Blow Up?

And will it take the rest of us with it? Article by Eric Margolis.

6/23/2017

The Mouse That Roared

6/16/2017

Historic Battle in the Pacific

When the US giant smashed Japan. Article by Eric Margolis.

6/13/2017

Europe vs. Trump

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Eric Margolis, Author at LewRockwell

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March 11, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

A Libertarian Defense of Israel – LewRockwell

The Libertarian Case for Israel, by Alan Futerman, Rafi Farber, and Walter Block.

As a follow-up tomy review of Alison Weirsbook,Against Our Better Judgment: The Hidden History of How the U.S. Was Used to Create Israel,I would like to examine this essay regarding the libertarian case for Israel.

After noting the anti-Israel sentiment in the Arab world, the authors comment:

What is much more vexing is that a similar attitude is pervasive among the libertarian community (and, even, shonda, amongst, happily, a very small percentage of Jews) where Israel is often picked out as a particularly pernicious state relative to almost all others.

I had to look it up: Shonda: shame, disgrace.It is interesting one might consider such descriptors from a nationalist or religious viewpoint, like what a disgrace that some Jews hold an anti-Israel position; but why would this be true from alibertarianstandpoint?Just because a libertarian happens to be Jewish, does that preclude him from looking negatively on the creation and/or existence of the state of Israel?

The authors note that, of course, libertarians are against all states but why do some libertarians hold a special hatred of the Israeli state?It is troubling to the authors that this is so.They point to an essay by Rothbard as perhaps being the root of this libertarian hatred, with Rothbard pointing to the Six-Day war.

Against Our Better Jud…Alison WeirBest Price: $3.60Buy New $8.00(as of 10:20 EDT – Details)

Going far beyond blaming Israel for the Six Day War though, Rothbard insists that the entire State of Israel is illegitimate What is peculiar about Rothbards article is that he finds the State of Israel uniquely pernicious in that it was supposedly founded on massive land theft and expropriation from Arabs.

Well, it wasnt supposedly founded in such a manner it wasspecificallyfounded in such a manner.In this massive land theft there is nothing necessarily unique about Israel, the authors point out (although few examples are both as recent and as egregious and continue to drive war even to the present day); they neglect to point out the terrorism that was also present in the founding.

Our thesisis that Rothbard did not go far back enough in time in analyzing legitimate land claims.

Yes; the Six Day War isnt the issue.The year 1948 is the issue.

Much of the land currently under dispute was homesteaded by Jews before the territory was even called Palestine, when it was in fact called Judea.

What?The authors look back to the time of Christ(they do not refer to the time as this; they refer to it as Roman times), and offer that somewhere up to 3 million Jews populated the land today known as Israel.

These Jews were unjustly murdered or expelled from their lands and sold into slavery after rebelling against the Roman Empire. Since there can be no man-made statute of limitations in libertarianism

This is going to be interesting

if modern day Jews can prove descent from the original Jewish homesteaders, which we demonstrate they can both culturally and genetically

The authors do not demonstrate this 2000 year descent in this article, but I believe I am citing only from a summary; I cannot find another, more detailed examination by these authors online.

In any case, I will not take this point seriously.Culturally?What on earth does this mean?Westerners share certain cultural characteristics with ancient Greeks.What does this prove about land claims?

Genetically?I am quite certain that virtually everyone of Mediterranean ancestry (including the Palestinian Arabs) has traces of Jewish genes going back to the time of Christ; throw in the expanse of the Ottoman Empire in more recent years and you pretty much cover all of Southern Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia.Do they all have claim to this land?

This is nonsense; correction, this is nonsense on stilts.To lay claim, an individual must demonstrate prior ownership by an ancestor a specific ancestor; ownership of property that was stolen.Can you imagine the chaos ifcultureorgenesover thousands of years is sufficient to establish a claim?

then all land with prodigious evidence of previous Jewish homesteading

Prodigious evidence from 2000 years ago?Evidence that connects specific individuals to specific land claims?

dated to the time of the fall of Judea, should return to the descendants of the original homesteaders.

Original homesteaders?Why stop at the fall of Judea?Did Joshua lead the Jews into unoccupied land?This siteidentifies 12 battles of Joshua, eleven of which were instigated by the Israelites.I guess we could go back even further, but you get the point; the point is that the argument presented by the authors is pointless it is never-ending.

These are modern day Jews, who by and large have never relinquished their claims to their ancient homeland.

I have written enough about this 2000 year baloney.

Israel never actively expelled Arabs from their homes in the aftermath of the Six Day War, and only allows building of Jewish settlements on vacant, unhomesteaded land.

I have no idea if this is true, but it is irrelevant for my purposes; I only include it here because I expect a few readers will provide a few links to the contrary.The issue isnt the Six Day War; the issue dates to the founding of the State of Israel.

In tackling Rothbards claims of mass expulsion of Arabs during the 1948 War of Independence, we concede that this did indeed happen in certain isolated cases.

There were 750,000 refugees.This is isolated?

But the point is, did they have a right to these areas in the first place?

Arabs lived in the land continuously for thousands of years; multiple generations can be specifically traced and identified.

In fact, the population that was ethnically cleansed were the Jews of Arab countries (about 850,000), who were expelled and expropriated after the creation of the State of Israel.

As they say, payback is a bitch.Those Arab countries probably had to make room for all of the Palestinian refugees that they took on; and the Zionists of Israel no doubt cooperated fully in the Jewish expulsion from Arab lands as they had regarding Jews throughout Europe.

Finally, regarding the legitimacy of Israel as a state, even according to Israels most vociferous critics of which Rothbard was one, 7% of pre-1948 Palestine was purchased legitimately by Jews.

As noted in the title, Israel is 7% legitimate.

Conclusion

Every single person on earth, if the ancestry is traced back far enough (and 2000 years is more than far enough a few hundred years is probably far enough), has a history of both victim and perpetrator.What are we supposed to do with that?The authors have made a libertarian case for a war of all against all.

Lets deal in reality: there are between 30,000 and 50,000 Palestinian refugees from 1948 still alive today who have a direct claim to property in Israel, property that was stolen from them.There are almost 5 million registered direct descendants of the 750,000 refugee property owners alive today.

If one is to speak of a legitimate claim on the stolen property, one can only deal in such specific terms specific individuals (including specific descendants) with specific claims; to do anything else invites chaos.

There is nothing libertarian about the case made in this essay for Israel.

Reprinted with permission from Bionic Mosquito.

The Best of Bionic Mosquito

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A Libertarian Defense of Israel – LewRockwell

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March 10, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

Laurence M. Vance, Author at LewRockwell

Why Not Execute Alcohol and Tobacco Dealers?

Along with drug dealers, says Laurence Vance.

3/13/2018

Republicans Still Don’t Get It

Laurence Vance on gun control.

3/6/2018

The Reagan Record

Horrific, says Laurence Vance.

2/27/2018

What Else

Will they learn in the military? Article by Laurence Vance.

2/20/2018

Shouldn’t the US Return to Its Constitution?

Actually not, says Laurence Vance.

2/13/2018

Republican Hypocrisy

Laurence Vance on abortion.

2/6/2018

The Trouble With Trump

A libertarian dissent from Laurence Vance.

1/30/2018

The Property Rights of Wedding Cake Bakers Are Being Violated

Not their speech rights, says Laurence Vance.

1/24/2018

Improving Medicaid Just a Little

With work requirements. Article by Laurence Vance.

1/16/2018

Movies and Marijuana

Laurence Vance on Saudis and Americans.

1/10/2018

The Welfare-Expanding Tax Reform Bill

Bad news, says Laurence Vance.

1/2/2018

So What? Christians

Laurence Vance on an unfortunate new type.

12/26/2017

A Platform of Lies

Laurence Vance on the GOP.

12/19/2017

Is Tax Reform Libertarian?

Depends. Laurence Vance on the tricks.

12/11/2017

Honor the Fallen?

Not me, says Laurence Vance.

12/5/2017

Trump, Free Prisoners

Laurence Vance has some suggestions.

11/28/2017

Repeal the Second Amendment?

Laurence Vance on the worst gun-controllers, Republican neocons.

11/22/2017

Conservatives and Libertarians for Higher Taxes

What a fraud. Article by Laurence Vance.

11/15/2017

GOP Tax Reform

A libertarian analysis, from Laurence Vance.

11/6/2017

The Real US Military

And what soldiers actually sign up for. Article by Laurence Vance.

10/31/2017

Are Republicans Libertarians?

What a joke, says Laurence Vance.

10/24/2017

Put Him in a Kennel

Laurence Vance on Mad-Dog Mattis.

10/17/2017

The World Will Come to an End

Laurence Vance on leftist prophets.

10/10/2017

The GOP Tax Reform Plan

A preliminary libertarian analysis from Laurence Vance.

10/3/2017

Libertarianism Wins Hands Down

Over conservatism, says Laurence Vance.

9/26/2017

5 Lessons From 9/11

Not neocon, says Laurence Vance.

9/19/2017

Price Gouging and Property Rights

Laurence Vance on whats right.

9/13/2017

When Right Is Wrong

Laurence Vance on conservatives.

9/5/2017

Are Any of Them Libertarian?

Laurence Vance on school reform schemes and scams.

8/29/2017

Just How Bad Are the Republicans in Congress?

Horrific doesnt begin to describe it. Article by Laurence Vance.

8/22/2017

How To Pay for Tax Cuts

So even the GOP can understand. Article by Laurence Vance.

8/15/2017

Mission to Mars?

Shut it down, says Laurence Vance.

8/8/2017

Why America Isn’t Free

Laurence Vance on alcohol and tobacco.

8/1/2017

Does the Military Need To Be Rebuilt?

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Laurence M. Vance, Author at LewRockwell

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March 9, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

Ted Nugent – Wikipedia

Theodore Anthony Nugent (; born December 13, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter, musician and activist. Nugent initially gained fame as the lead guitarist of the Amboy Dukes, a band formed in 1963 that played psychedelic rock[1][2] and hard rock.[3][4] After playing with the Amboy Dukes, he embarked on a solo career.

Nugent is also noted for conservative political views, his lifelong stance against drug and alcohol abuse and advocacy of hunting and gun ownership rights.[5][6] He is a board member of the National Rifle Association and a strong supporter of the Republican Party.

Nugent was born the third of four siblings in Redford, Michigan,[7][8][9] and raised in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan, the son of Marion Dorothy (ne Johnson) and Warren Henry Nugent.[10][11][12] His maternal grandparents were Swedish.[13] He moved to Palatine, Illinois as a teenager, and has two brothers: John and Jeffrey, and a sister, Kathy. He attended William Fremd High School in Palatine, Illinois, then transferred after his freshman year to St. Viator High School in Arlington Heights, Illinois.[citation needed]

Nugent has released more than[quantify] 34 albums and has sold a career total of 30 million records. He was known throughout his early career in the 1970s for using Fender amps, a large part of his signature sound, and for playing the hollow-body Gibson Byrdland guitar.

Performing since 1958,[14] Nugent has been touring annually since 1967, averaging more than 300 shows per year (196773), 200 per year (197480), 150 (198189), 127 concerts in 1990, 162 concerts in 1991, 150 concerts in 1993, 180 in 1994, 166 in 1995, 81 in 1996, Summer Blitz ’97, ’98, Rock Never Stops ’99, and 133 concerts with KISS 2K. Nugent’s 2005 plans involved a tour with country music singer-songwriter Toby Keith, whom Nugent met in Iraq while they were both performing in USO-sponsored shows for the coalition troops.[citation needed] Nugent toured with local Detroit musician Alex Winston during the summers of 2007 and 2008.[15]

On July 4, 2008, at the DTE Energy Music Theater in Clarkston, Michigan, Ted Nugent played his 6,000th concert.[14] Derek St. Holmes (original singer for the Ted Nugent band), Johnny Bee Badanjek (drummer for Mitch Ryder and The Detroit Wheels), and Nugent’s guitar teacher from 1958, Joe Podorsek, all jammed on stage with Nugent for various tunes.

His first edition of the Amboy Dukes played at The Cellar, a teen dance club outside of Chicago in Arlington Heights, Illinois, starting in late 1965, while Nugent was a student at St. Viator High School. The Cellar’s “house band” at the time had been the Shadows of Knight, although the Amboy Dukes eventually became a staple until the club’s closing.[16]

The Amboy Dukes’ second single was “Journey to the Center of the Mind”, which featured lyrics written by the Dukes’ second guitarist Steve Farmer. Nugent, an ardent anti-drug campaigner, has always claimed that he had no idea that this song was about drug use.[17] The Amboy Dukes (1967), Journey to the Center of the Mind (1968), Migration and Rusty Day (1969) all recorded on the Mainstream label sold moderately well. On April 5, 1968, Nugent along with a group of musicians paid tribute to Martin Luther King by having a folk, rock and blues jam session. Joni Mitchell played first, followed by Buddy Guy, Cactus, and Jimi Hendrix. Other musicians who participated were BB King and Al Kooper.[18]

After settling down on a ranch in Michigan in 1973, Nugent signed a record deal with Frank Zappa’s DiscReet Records label and recorded Call of the Wild. The following year, Tooth Fang & Claw (which contained the song “Great White Buffalo”, arranged with Rob Grange) established a fan base for Nugent and the other Amboy Dukes. Personnel changes nearly wrecked the band, which became known as Ted Nugent & the Amboy Dukes. Nugent reunited with the other members of the Amboy Dukes at the 2009 Detroit Music Awards, which took place April 17, 2009. The psychedelic band received a distinguished achievement honor at the event. The Dukes also played together at the ceremony, marking their first public performance in more than 30 years.[17]

Nugent dropped the Amboy Dukes band name for good in 1975, and signed to Epic Records. Derek St. Holmes (guitar, vocals), Rob Grange (bass) and Clifford Davies (drums) were the primary additional band members for his 1970s multi-platinum[19] albums: Ted Nugent (1975), Free-for-All (1976) and Cat Scratch Fever (1977). These albums produced the popular radio anthems “Hey Baby”, “Stranglehold”, “Dog Eat Dog”, and “Cat Scratch Fever”. It was during these three years that Nugent emerged as a guitar hero to hard rock fans, many of whom were unaware of his lengthy apprenticeship with the Amboy Dukes.[20] This band lineup toured extensively, also releasing the multi-platinum live album Double Live Gonzo! (1978), until its breakup in 1978 when St. Holmes and Grange departed. St. Holmes was replaced by Charlie Huhn and Grange by Dave Kiswiney. Davies left around 1982 after staying on to record Weekend Warriors (1978), State of Shock (1979), Scream Dream (1980) and Intensities in 10 Cities (1981). The “Intensities in 10 Cities” album includes the controversial song “Jailbait.”[21]

On July 8, 1979, Ted was on the rock radio program King Biscuit Flower Hour. This was the original broadcast of Ted’s performance of Live at Hammersmith ’79 which had been recorded during the second set of a night at London’s Hammersmith Odeon in 1979. An album of this program was released in 1997.

During this era, Nugent was notable for his declarations that he did not drink alcoholic beverages or smoke tobacco or marijuana. In an interview for VH1’s Behind The Music, Nugent said this was due to his father’s having reprimanded him when he came home smelling of alcohol after a night of drinking. Nugent has been cited as an influence on the straight edge movement, which disavows drinking and recreational drug use.[22]

During the period of 198289, Nugent released a series of moderately successful solo albums. In 1989, he joined the supergroup Damn Yankees, with Jack Blades (bass/vocals, of Night Ranger), Tommy Shaw (guitar/vocals, of Styx) and Michael Cartellone (drums). Damn Yankees (1990) was a hit, going multi-platinum in the U.S., thanks in no small part to the smash hit power ballad “High Enough”. The video for this song featured Nugent in a priest’s collar, and later in a zebra-striped cape during the guitar solo. It also saw the first appearance of his ‘WhackMaster’ hat.

Returning to a solo career, Nugent released Spirit of the Wild in 1995, his best-reviewed album in quite some time. The album also marked the return of Derek St. Holmes to Nugent’s studio band. A series of archival releases also came out in the 1990s, keeping Nugent’s name in the national consciousness. He also began hosting a radio show in Detroit on WWBR-FM (“102.7 The Bear, Detroit’s Rock Animal”) and took ownership in several hunting-related businesses. He created TV shows for several networks; Wanted: Ted or Alive on Versus, Ted Nugent Spirit of the Wild on PBS and The Outdoor Channel, as well as Surviving Nugent and Supergroup-Damnocracy on VH1.

Ted Nugent appears on David Crowder Band’s 2007 release, Remedy, playing guitar on the song “We Won’t Be Quiet”.[23] He announced his “Trample the Weak, Hurdle the Dead” tour on April 21, 2010.[24]

On March 14, 2011, Nugent released a new song, “I Still Believe”, as a free download via his website to subscribers to his news letter. Nugent says of the song: “America is a target-rich environment for an independent man addicted to logic, truth and The American Way. ‘I Still Believe’ throttles the animal spirit of rugged individualism in pure MotorCity ultra high-energy rhythm and blues and rock and roll.”[25][26] In April 2011 Nugent announced that former frontman Derek St. Holmes would be joining his band for Nugent’s I Still Believe Tour.[27]

Nugent starred in his own outdoors television show, named after his popular song “Spirit of the Wild”. The song was the theme music to the TV series, in which Nugent took viewers on a variety of wild game hunts using his bow. In the series, he taught and advised hunters and “hands-on” conservationists around the world on the different aspects of hunting and politics, and informed the public on the importance of getting children away from the TV and video games and getting them out beyond the pavement in order to better their lives.[28] In one episode of Spirit of the Wild, Nugent hits a young deer with a bow. Two game wardens saw the episode, later charging Nugent with 11 misdemeanor violations of California hunting law. Nugent plead guilty to two violations.[29]

In 2003, he was host of the VH1 reality television program Surviving Nugent, in which city dwellers such as model Tila Tequila moved to Nugent’s Michigan ranch in order to survive such “backwoods” activities as building an outhouse and skinning a boar. The success of the two-hour show spawned a four-part miniseries in 2004, titled Surviving Nugent: The Ted Commandments. This time it was filmed on Nugent’s ranch in China Spring, Texas. During filming, Nugent injured himself with a chainsaw, requiring 44 stitches and a leg brace.

In 2003, Nugent also guested on the VH1 program Forever Wild, hosted by Sebastian Bach, former lead vocalist for the band Skid Row. They shot some firearms and walked around Nugent’s cabin in the woods. Two years later, in 2005, Nugent hosted a reality-type show, Wanted: Ted or Alive, on what was then called the OLN, or Outdoor Life Network, before it became the NBC Sports Network of the present day. In Wanted: Ted or Alive, contestants competed for money as well as for opportunities to go hunting with “Uncle Ted.” The contestants had to kill and clean their own food to survive.

In 2006, he appeared on VH1’s reality show SuperGroup, with Anthrax guitarist Scott Ian, Biohazard bassist Evan Seinfeld, ex-Skid Row lead singer Sebastian Bach, and John Bonham’s son Jason Bonham, who had been the drummer for Bonham, UFO, and Foreigner. The name of the supergroup was originally FIST but later was changed to Damnocracy. Bach had lobbied for the name Savage Animal. Captured on film by VH1 was a rare Nugent duet with guitarist Joe Bonamassa at the Sand Dollar Blues Room for a 45-minute blues jam. He starred in another reality show for CMT in August 2009. The show, titled Runnin’ Wild … From Ted Nugent, featured Nugent instructing competitors in the art of survival; the competitors had to use those skills in challenges in which Nugent himself hunted them down.[30]

In 2008, Nugent was a guest on the episode Southwest Road Trip Special of Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations, where he spoke against obesity and public health care.[31]

Also in 2009, Nugent played guitar at The Alamo for a Tax Day Tea Party hosted by Glenn Beck and Fox News. Most notable in his set was a version of “The Star-Spangled Banner” in which he used alternate picking and whammy bar effects. The clip and sound bite of this came to be played extensively on Fox News as well as on The Glenn Beck Program.

In 1976 Nugent was in the documentary Demon Lover Diary, about the making of the John Dods’ horror/comedy movie My Demon Lover. He is shown supplying real guns for the making of My Demon Lover, as the crew films at Nugent’s house.

In 1986, he guest starred in an episode of the hit television show Miami Vice entitled “Definitely Miami”. Nugent played a villain. His song “Angry Young Man” was featured in the episode. His song “Little Miss Dangerous” was also featured on a Miami Vice episode of the same name, although he did not appear in the episode.

In 2001, Nugent appeared as himself in a third-season episode of That ’70s Show entitled “Backstage Pass”. Donna Pinciotti (Laura Prepon), who works for radio station WFPP, obtains tickets to the upcoming Ted Nugent concert for the entire gang. Following the concert, her boss Max (Howard Hesseman) gives Donna a backstage pass to meet Nugent, where he volunteers to sit for an interview. Meanwhile, Steven Hyde (Danny Masterson) and Fez (Wilmer Valderrama) try to sell unauthorized concert t-shirts accidentally spelled Tad Nugent.

Also in 2001, Nugent appeared as himself in the second episode of the short-lived university campus FOX comedy series, Undeclared. In the episode “Full Bluntal Nugety”, Nugent is a guest at the university, there to speak on his favorite topics, mainly hunting and gun control. This is where new student Steven Karp (Jay Baruchel) takes his love interest Lizzie (Carla Gallo) on their first date. Karp tries to heckle Nugent during his speech in an attempt to impress Lizzie, with disastrous results. FOX didn’t like the idea of Nugent and his political views appearing on this show, so the episode was re-shot and re-edited as “Oh, So You Have a Boyfriend?” which aired without any Ted Nugent content whatsoever. The complete “Full Bluntal Nugety (Director’s Cut)” episode is available in its entirety, in the Undeclared DVD box set, including some extra Ted Nugent scenes that had been deleted.

He made a guest appearance on the cult television series Aqua Teen Hunger Force, in the episode “Gee Whiz”, on Adult Swim. Locals believe to have seen the face of Jesus in a billboard, and they mention how it looks like Ted Nugent. Throughout the episode they think it’s Jesus’ face, but at the end they discover it was in fact Nugent’s. He proceeds to shoot a flaming explosive arrow at Carl (mistaking him for a “varmint”). Ted also appeared in Seth MacFarlane’s Cavalcade of Cartoon Comedy in a sketch where he kills the Ghost of Christmas Past and serves him to guests for dinner.

In 2007, Nugent appeared in the music video for Nickelback’s song “Rockstar”, and in 2008 he played a key role in the Toby Keith film Beer for My Horses as the quiet deputy named Skunk.

In 2007, Nugent debated The Simpsons producer Sam Simon on the Howard Stern Show about the ethics of hunting animals. Coincidentally, Nugent would later lend his voice to an over-the-phone appearance in the season 19 episode of The Simpsons, “I Don’t Wanna Know Why the Caged Bird Sings”, where, in a humorous jab at his political stance, inmate Dwight picks up his call for voting no to the fictional Proposition 87, which bans crossbows in public schools. As part of his pre-recorded message, Nugent asks “If we outlaw crossbows in our public schools, who’s going to protect our children from charging elk?”.[32]

In 2012, Nugent again appeared as himself on The Simpsons, on the episode “Politically Inept, with Homer Simpson,” in which he is nominated as a Presidential candidate for the Republican Party.

Attracting attention for his outspoken statements on issues ranging from guns to biodiversity, Nugent has been a regular guest on such programs as Larry King Live, The Howard Stern Show, and Politically Incorrect. In 1978 Nugent appeared on The Midnight Special as host and a performer. In 1978 Nugent’s song “Queen of the Forest” was featured on the pilot episode of WKRP in Cincinnati as the first record the fictional radio station played upon switching formats. In 1980, Nugent appeared on Fridays as the musical guest. He performed “Paralyzed” and “Scream Dream”.

He also appeared on Chicago Radio personality Jonathon Brandmeir’s short lived talk show, “Johnny B. on the Loose”. In 1991, he guest-starred on the PBS science show Newton’s Apple in a short comedic feature called Science of the Rich and Famous in which he demonstrates and explains the phenomenon of electric guitar feedback. On March 13, 2007, Nugent was interviewed on ABC’s Jimmy Kimmel Live! and performed the songs “Cat Scratch Fever” and “Rawdogs and Warhogs”.

On April 15, 2009, Nugent appeared onstage with his guitar in San Antonio as part of Glenn Beck’s coverage of the Tax Day Tea Party protests on the Fox News Channel. He hosted the show with Beck, and played music for the protestors at the Alamo. He made an appearance in Guitar Hero World Tour. As part of the solo guitar career, the player engages in a guitar duel with Nugent, after which the song “Stranglehold” is unlocked and Nugent becomes available as a playable character. On July 30, 2008, Nugent was interviewed on The Alex Jones Show about his book “Ted, White, and Blue: The Nugent Manifesto” (2008).[33][34]

On July 9, 2010, Nugent was again interviewed by Jones and criticized the latest policies issued by the Obama administration and the US Supreme Court concerning gun policy. He claimed that rejecting the idea of the right to self-defense being expressed in the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution, which Nugent called “gun control” policies, is most likely to destroy American society. Nugent also claimed similar policies were the cause of the downfall of every society in human history.[35] Nugent also appeared in the season 2 Penn & Teller: Bullshit! episode on P.E.T.A in 2004.

In the late 1990s, Nugent began writing for various magazines. He has written for more than 20 publications and is the author of New York Times Best Seller God, Guns and Rock ‘n’ Roll (July 2000), Kill It and Grill It (2002) (co-authored with his wife, Shemane), BloodTrails II: The Truth About Bowhunting (2004), and Ted, White, and Blue: The Nugent Manifesto (2008).

In 1996 Nugent joined the WWBR-FM air staff. The Ted Nugent Morning Show on 102.7 FM in Detroit was a success. He and co-host Steve Black (now host of the syndicated radio show Chop Shop and Chop Shop Classic) often shocked Detroit with their opinions.

Nugent is a fan of the Detroit Red Wings in hockey, Detroit Pistons in basketball, Detroit Lions in football, and Detroit Tigers in baseball.[36] He wore a Pistons shirt in the Damn Yankees music video for “Come Again”.

In a 1977 High Times article, Nugent stated that he took crystal meth and defecated in his pants in order to avoid being drafted into the Vietnam War.[37] Nugent reaffirmed this in a 1990 interview with Detroit Free Press, stating that “a week before his physical, he stopped using the bathroom altogether, virtually living inside his pants caked with excrement and urine”.[38] In other interviews, Nugent has denied this claim, stating that he dodged the draft by enrolling at Oakland Community College to get a student deferment. However, his Selective Service classification record shows ratings of 1-Y and 4-F for 1969 and 1972 respectively, indicating ineligibility for military service under established physical, mental, or moral standards, rather than student deferment.[39]

Nugent suffers from hearing loss.[40] He said in a 2007 interview: “The ear’s not too good, especially with background noise, but that’s a small price to pay. Believe me the journey was worth it.”[41]

Nugent has been married twice and has five children. In the late 1960s, prior to his first marriage, Nugent fathered a boy, Ted (Mann) and a girl, whom he gave up for adoption in infancy. This did not become public knowledge until 2010. The siblings were adopted separately and had no contact with one another. The son learned the identity of his birth father in 2010 through the daughter’s quest to make contact with him and their birth parents. According to a news report, over the years Nugent had discussed the existence of these children with his other children.[42]

He was married to his first wife, Sandra Jezowski, from 1970 to 1979. They had two children, son Theodore Tobias “Toby” Nugent and daughter Sasha Nugent. Sandra died in a car crash in 1982.

His second marriage is to Shemane Deziel, whom he met while a guest on Detroit’s WLLZ-FM, where she was a member of the news staff. They married on January 21, 1989. Together they have one child, son Rocco Winchester Nugent.

In 1978, Nugent began a relationship with seventeen-year-old Hawaii native Pele Massa. Due to the age difference, they could not marry so Nugent joined Massa’s parents in signing documents to make himself her legal guardian, an arrangement that Spin magazine ranked in October 2000 as #63 on their list of the “100 Sleaziest Moments in Rock”.[43][44]

Since the 1970s Nugent has promoted anti-drug and anti-alcohol stances. He has been cited as a key influence on the straight edge movement, a punk rock-associated lifestyle that developed in the early 1980s and discourages drug and alcohol use. Henry Rollins, vocalist for Black Flag, reports that he and friend Ian MacKaye (vocalist for Minor Threat and writer of the song “Straight Edge” that gave the movement its name) were inspired by Nugent during their high school years in the 1970s when he was the only major rock star to publicly eschew drug use: “[We] would read about the Nuge and the thing that really rubbed off on us was the fact that he didn’t drink or smoke or do drugs … [Nugent’s performance] was the craziest thing we’d ever seen onstage and here’s this guy saying, ‘I don’t get high.’ We thought that was so impressive.”[45]

Nugent is a national spokesman for the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program,[46] advocating the “natural highs” to be found in an outdoor lifestyle.[citation needed] In 2015, however, Nugent declared his support for the legalization of marijuana for medical use.[47]

Nugent is an advocate of the right to bear arms. When interviewed by Texas Monthly editor Evan Smith in season 5 of TexasMonthlyTalks he said, “I would rather that [a victim of violent crime] in Massachusetts last month who was taking her daughter to soccer when they were carjacked by a recidivist maggot, who had been in the prison system all his life but was let out again because we feel sorry for him, maybe he had a bad childhood. Instead of her being hijacked and murdered, I’d rather she just shot the bastard dead… But in Massachusetts, somebody decided she can’t do that. So she’s dead. I would rather she was alive and the carjacker was dead.”[48]

Nugent currently serves on the Board of Directors of the National Rifle Association (NRA).[49][50] In 2016, Nugent posted an image on his Facebook page implying that Jews were responsible for gun control.[51] Nugent’s antisemitic rant sparked outrage and gun owners called for his NRA resignation.[52]

Nugent, an opponent of animal rights, said in a long interview, “I’m stymied to come up with anything funnier than people who think animals have rights. Just stick an arrow through their lungs.”[53] In 2000, Bhaskar Sinha was jailed briefly following an incident outside a department store in San Francisco in which he threatened and physically assaulted Nugent, who in turn took Sinha into custody until San Francisco Police arrived and arrested the protester. However, protesters claim that Nugent started the altercation by spitting in the face of one of the protester when offered an anti-fur flyer. A San Francisco police officer who said he was on the scene, stated he didn’t believe Nugent spit on anyone.[54]

Nugent has reported receiving death threats against him and his family from animal rights activists. On the Penn & Teller’s Bullshit! episode about People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), Nugent claimed, “We’ve got reports and files with law enforcement across America where the animal rights extremists are on record threatening to kill my children on the way to school because we eat pheasant.” In 2006, he stated in an interview that “anyone who thinks hunting is terrible can kiss my ass.”[55]

In a 1992 radio interview, Nugent referred to Heidi Prescott of the Fund for Animals as a “worthless whore” and a “shallow slut,” asking “who needs to club a seal, when you can club Heidi?” He was ordered by a court to pay Prescott $75,000.[56]

Nugent defended Kid Rock, a fellow rocker and hunter, when he killed a mountain lion in January 2015, calling the people who targeted Rock “braindead squawkers” and that Rock did good by keeping predator numbers low and helping the deer population, which is vital for hunting.[57] In July 2015, Nugent was one of the few to defend the killing of Cecil the lion.[58]

Nugent owns a 340-acre hunting ranch near Jackson, Michigan, called Sunrize Acres.[59] Anti-hunters claim this fenced facility offers “canned” hunts. Nugent has said, “I understand the criticism from those who say canned hunting violates the ethic of fair chase”, though he still operates the facility, and refers to it as “high fence hunting”. Nugent was interviewed in October 2011 by Field & Stream magazine regarding “canned” hunts.[60]

In April 2012, Nugent pleaded guilty to illegally killing and transporting an American black bear in Alaska.[61] His sentence included two years of probation, a prohibition on hunting and fishing in Alaska and on any U.S. Forest Service lands for one year, and a fine of $10,000, and he was required to produce and broadcast at his own expense a 30-60 second Public Service Announcement (PSA) on the responsibilities of hunters.[62][63]

In an interview in 1990, a few months after the release of Nelson Mandela during the negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa, Nugent stated: “apartheid isn’t that cut-and-dry. All men are not created equal.” He described black South Africans as “a different breed of man” who “still put bones in their noses, they still walk around naked, they wipe their butts with their hands”.[64][65]

Nugent is a vocal supporter of the U.S. Republican Party and various associated conservative causes, particularly gun rights and hunter’s rights.[66] He is known for his outspoken political statements: At a concert on August 21, 2007, Nugent made indecent and obscene comments about Democratic Party presidential aspirants Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton and California’s senators Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein[citation needed]. He complained, “Obama’s a piece of shit, and I told him to suck on my machine gun.”[67][68] Referring to Michigan governor Jennifer Granholm (in office 2003-11), during performances he would frequently interject “Jennifer Granholm, kiss my ass” into his songs, and shoot an arrow at her likeness. In a 2007 interview, in discussing running for governor of Michigan, he stated that Granholm “is not doing an ugly job, but as the perfect woman, she is scrotumless”.[69]

Although Nugent has never run for government office, in the 2000s, he publicly speculated about doing so on several occasions. In May 2005, he announced he was “getting real close to deciding to run” for governor of Michigan in 2006, while in 2007, he talked about running for that office in 2010. During the latter period, he stated, “Michigan was once a great state. Michigan was a state that rewarded the entrepreneur and the most productive, work-ethic families of the state. Now the pimps and the whores and the welfare brats are basically the state’s babies.”[41] Earlier, Nugent had been rumored to be under consideration by the Illinois Republican Party as its candidate in that state’s 2004 Senate race, given his roots in Palatine, Illinois.[70]

In May 2007, Nugent criticized rap metal band Rage Against the Machine after singer Zach de la Rocha’s onstage proclamation at the 2007 Coachella festival that the “current administration . . . should be hung and tried and shot.” Nugent appeared on the Hannity & Colmes program on Fox News and said “We’ve disagreed with a lot of administrations in the past, but none of our rhetoric included threatening lives, these guys are over the top, but they’re the lunatic fringe that even your average Democrat and liberal doesn’t agree with. But unfortunately, nobody is silencing these guys or not necessarily silencing, but condemning this outrageous violence that they’re recommending.”[71] Critics cited this as hypocritical, given his many aggressive and controversial political statements and described him as a conservative extremist.[67][72]

In July 2008, Nugent declared “I was serious when I threatened to run for office in the past if I cannot find a candidate who respects the U.S. Constitution and our sacred Bill of Rights.”[73] When asked by Imagineer magazine in a 2010 interview about what he would do if elected to political office, he responded: “Slash the living hell out of the waste and corruption and the outrageous army of do-nothing bureaucrats. I would fire every government worker whose job I would deem to be redundant and wasteful. No able-bodied human being would ever get a handout again.”[74]

On July 17, 2008, during the presidential election season and shortly before the Republican presidential nominating convention, Nugent expressed his skepticism about presumptive GOP Presidential nominee John McCain, stating that McCain was “catering to a growing segment of soulless Americans who care less what they can do for their country, but whine louder and louder about what their country must do for them. That is both un-American and pathetic.”[75] He was a weekly contributor to the newspaper, the Waco Tribune-Herald until 2009.[76] He has been a special deputy sheriff in Lake County, Michigan, since 1982, and has also been a reserve deputy constable in McLennan County, Texas.

At a 2009 West Virginia rally sponsored in part by Massey Energy, Nugent “defended mountaintop removal mining,” according to reporters on the scene. “On behalf of the Nugent family, I say, start up the bulldozers and get me some more coal, Massey,” Nugent was recorded as saying.[77] Nugent is an outspoken critic of Islam, which he describes as a “voodoo religion” which “believes in world domination”.[78]

During an interview with Piers Morgan, Nugent denied that he considered himself homophobic, saying “Im repulsed at the concept of man-on-man sex, I think it’s against nature. I think its strange as hell, but if thats what you are, I love you. I’m not going to judge another’s morals. I say live and let live. I have friends that are gay.”[79][80] As a reward for entertaining U.S. troops in Iraq in 2004, he visited Saddam Hussein’s war room. “It was a glorious moment. It looked like something out of Star Wars. I saw his gold toilet. I shat in his bidet.”[81] Nugent also said: “Our failure has been not to Nagasaki them.”[81]

At a Republican event in February 2012, Nugent said, “The whole world sucks, but America still sucks less,” followed by, “But with this administration, we are catching up.”[82]

On April 17, 2012, in a Romney stump speech at the 2012 NRA Convention in St. Louis, Nugent said, “If Barack Obama becomes the president in November, again, I will either be dead or in jail by this time next year.”[83] Nugent received a visit from the Secret Service for these remarks.[84] Following these comments, commanders at Fort Knox opted not to allow him to perform at a previously scheduled event with REO Speedwagon and Styx.[85]

On February 12, 2013, Nugent attended the State of the Union address given by President Obama. He was the guest of U.S. Representative Steve Stockman of Texas’s 36th congressional district.[86]

In a July 2013 interview with The Washington Post, Nugent expressed interest in possibly running for President of the United States as a Republican in the 2016 election.[87] He never sought the office.

In a January 2014 interview at a Las Vegas hunting and outdoor trade show, recorded by Guns.com, Nugent was recorded stating, “I have obviously failed to galvanize and prod, if not shame enough Americans to be ever vigilant not to let a Chicago communist-raised, communist-educated, communist-nurtured subhuman mongrel like the ACORN community organizer gangster Barack Hussein Obama to weasel his way into the top office of authority in the United States of America”.[88] After being chastised by Rand Paul, Nugent apologized for his “subhuman mongrel” statement.[89] However, when asked in April 2017 if he regretted his comments about Obama, he replied “No! I will never apologize for calling out evil people”[90]

In February 2014, Nugent endorsed Greg Abbott, the Attorney General of Texas, in March 4 Republican primary election to succeed retiring Texas Governor Rick Perry. Abbott criticized Ted Nugent’s infamous “subhuman mongrel” comment directed at President Barack Obama by saying “This is not the kind of language I would use or endorse in any way. It’s time to move beyond this, and I will continue to focus on the issues that matter to Texans.”[91]

Nugent clashed in 2014 with Jay Dean, then the mayor of Longview, Texas, and an incoming Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives after Dean moved to cancel Nugent’s scheduled appearance at the Longview Independence Day concert. Dean said that he finds Nugent’s music unsuitable for family-oriented audiences on July 4. Longview hence paid Nugent $16,000, half of the amount he had been promised, to drop him from the concert. Nugent in turn called Dean “racist” and “clueless, dishonest, and one of the bad guys.”[92]

In a blog post published in July 2015, he praised Donald Trump’s presidential candidacy and called for Trump to be given the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[93]

In February 2016, Ted Nugent praised Ted Cruz, stating “My dream would be if Ted Cruz became president tonight. I really admire Ted Cruz, on many levels.”[94][95]

Nugent later endorsed Donald Trump, and during the last week of the U.S. presidential election campaign performed at a number of Trump rallies in Michigan, including Trump’s final campaign rally in Grand Rapids.

Nugent’s ultraconservative politics have prompted feuds with other musicians.[96] These include Paul McCartney[97] and David Crosby.[96]

Current members

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Cary Grant – IMDb

Nominated for 2 Oscars. Another 10 wins & 18 nominations. See more awards Known For

(1959)

(1963)

(1955)

(1944)

Alternate Names: Mr. Cary Grant | Archibald Leach

Height:6’1″(1.87m)

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Slideshows – KLTV.com – Tyler, Longview, Jacksonville |ETX …

El Arroyo Restaurant in Austin is well known for more than just their delicious Tex-Mex cuisine and margaritas; they’ve become known for these funny, sarcastic, and pun-filled signs, as well. They were kind enough to share some of them with us.

El Arroyo Restaurant in Austin is well known for more than just their delicious Tex-Mex cuisine and margaritas; they’ve become known for these funny, sarcastic, and pun-filled signs, as well. They were kind enough to share some of them with us.

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Israel – Conservapedia

The State of Israel (Hebrew: , Medinat Yisra’el from Yisra’el, “Struggled with God”) is a nation located in the Middle East. It is the world’s only Jewish state, having emerged from Zionism in Europe and the U.S. in the 1880s-1940s. It grants citizenship to anybody considered to be Jewish, although this does not apply to anyone suspected or convicted of serious crimes or who the state otherwise considers a serious threat to its welfare. It also contains Arab Muslim and Arab Christian minorities who are remnants of the pre-1948 Arab majority, along with a small Druze community. It is the location of most Biblical events.

Israel occupies an area along the eastern Mediterranean Sea, with Jordan and Syria to the east; Lebanon on the north; and Egypt to the south. The territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip are currently controlled by Israel, but disputed.

The terrain varies from a temperate, coastal climate to desert conditions. Israel shares with Jordan the shoreline of the Dead Sea, at 1,378 feet below sea level.

Of the approximately 6.43 million Israelis in 2007 about 76% were counted as Jewish, though some of those are not considered Jewish under Orthodox Jewish law. Since 1989, nearly a million immigrants from the former Soviet Union have arrived in Israel, making this the largest wave of immigration since independence. In addition, an estimated 105,000 members of the Ethiopian Jewish community have immigrated to Israel, 14,000 of them during the dramatic May 1991 Operation Solomon airlift. 32.9% of Israelis were born outside of Israel.

The three broad Jewish groupings are the Ashkenazim, or Jews who trace their ancestry to Central Europe; the Sephardim, who trace their origin to Spain, Portugal, southern Europe, and North Africa; and Eastern or Oriental Jews, who descend from ancient communities in Islamic lands. Of the non-Jewish population, about 68% are Muslims, about 9% are Christian, and about 7% are Druze.

Education is compulsory from age 6 to 16 and is free up to age 18. The school system is organized into kindergartens, 6-year primary schools, 3-year junior secondary schools, and 3-year senior secondary schools, after which a comprehensive examination is offered for university admissions. There are seven university-level institutions in Israel, a number of regional colleges, and an Open University program.

The majority of families in Israel – Jewish and Arab – send their children to segregated schools. This segregation poses a distinct problem, tending to promote rival viewpoints and attitudes that become ripe for exploitation by proponents of violence. Within Israel, the schools of the minority Arab population become incubators for resentment and hostility, while the schools of the majority Jewish population tend to reinforce a sense of insulation from the concerns of others.[1]

With a population drawn from more than 100 countries on 5 continents, Israeli society is rich in cultural diversity and artistic creativity. The arts are actively encouraged and supported by the government. The first Jewish artist on record was named Bezalel, an architect, sculptor and designer of holy garments best known for purportedly making the Tabernacle that contained the Ark of the Covenant.[2] The Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra performs throughout the country and frequently tours abroad. The Jerusalem Symphony and the New Israel Opera also tour frequently, as do other musical ensembles. Almost every municipality has a chamber orchestra or ensemble, many boasting the talents of gifted performers from the countries of the former Soviet Union.

Israel has several professional ballet and modern dance companies, and folk dancing, which draws upon the cultural heritage of many immigrant groups, continues to be very popular. There is great public interest in the theater; the repertoire covers the entire range of classical and contemporary drama in translation as well as plays by Israeli authors. Of the three major repertory companies, the most famous, Habimah, was founded in 1917.

Active artist colonies thrive in Safed, Jaffa, and Ein Hod, and Israeli painters and sculptors exhibit works worldwide. Israel boasts more than 120 museums, including the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, which houses the Dead Sea Scrolls along with an extensive collection of regional archaeological artifacts, art, and Jewish religious and folk exhibits. Israelis are avid newspaper readers, with more than 90% of Israeli adults reading a newspaper at least once a week. Major daily papers are in Hebrew; others are in Arabic, English, French, Polish, Yiddish, Russian, Hungarian, and German.

Israel is a parliamentary democracy with a governmental system based on several basic laws enacted by its unicameral parliament, the Knesset. The president (chief of state) is elected by the Knesset for a 5-year term.

The prime minister (head of government) exercises executive power and has in the past been selected by the president as the party leader most able to form a government. Between May 1996 and March 2001, Israelis voted for the prime minister directly. (The legislation, which required the direct election of the prime minister, was rescinded by the Knesset in March 2001.) The members of the cabinet must be collectively approved by the Knesset.

The Knesset’s 120 members are elected by secret ballot to 4-year terms, although the prime minister may decide to call for new elections before the end of the 4-year term. Voting is for party lists rather than for individual candidates, and the total number of seats assigned each party reflects that party’s percentage of the vote. Successful Knesset candidates are drawn from the lists in order of party-assigned rank. Under the present electoral system, all members of the Knesset are elected at large.

The independent judicial system includes secular and religious courts. The courts’ right of judicial review of the Knesset’s legislation is limited. Judicial interpretation is restricted to problems of execution of laws and validity of subsidiary legislation. The highest court in Israel is the Supreme Court, whose judges are approved by the President.

Israel is divided into six districts, administration of which is coordinated by the Ministry of Interior. The Ministry of Defense is responsible for the administration of the occupied territories.

From the founding of the modern state of Israel in 1948 until the election of May 1977 Israel was ruled by successive coalition governments led by the Labor alignment or its constituent parties. From 1967-70 the coalition government included all of Israel’s parties except the communist party. After the 1977 election the Likud bloc, then composed of Herut, the Liberals, and the smaller La’am Party, came to power forming a coalition with the National Religious Party, Agudat Israel, and others. As head of Likud, Menachem Begin became Prime Minister. The Likud retained power in the succeeding election in June 1981, and Begin remained Prime Minister. In the summer of 1983, Begin resigned and was succeeded by his Foreign Minister, Yitzhak Shamir.

After Prime Minister Shamir lost a Knesset vote of confidence early in 1984, new elections in July provided no clear winner, with both Labor and Likud considerably short of a Knesset majority and unable to form even narrow coalitions. After several weeks of difficult negotiations, they agreed on a government of national unity, including the rotation of the office of Prime Minister and the combined office of Vice Prime Minister and Foreign Minister midway through the government’s 50-month term.

During the first 25 months of unity government rule, Labor’s Shimon Peres served as Prime Minister, while Likud’s Shamir held the posts of Vice Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, until they switched positions in October 1986. In November 1988 elections, Likud edged Labor out by one seat but was unable to form a coalition, producing another national unity government in January 1989. Yitzhak Shamir became Prime Minister, and Shimon Peres became Vice Prime Minister and Finance Minister. This government fell in March 1990, however, in a vote of no confidence precipitated by disagreement over the government’s response to U.S. Secretary of State Baker’s initiative in the peace process. Labor Party leader Peres was unable to attract sufficient support among the religious parties to form a government. Yitzhak Shamir then formed a Likud-led coalition government, including members from religious and right-wing parties.

Shamir’s government took office in June 1990, and held power for 2 years. In the June 1992 national elections, the Labor Party reversed its electoral fortunes, taking 44 seats. Labor Party leader Yitzhak Rabin formed a coalition with Meretz (a leftist party) and Shas (an ultra-Orthodox religious party). The coalition included the support of two Arab-majority parties. Rabin became Prime Minister in July 1992, presiding over the signing of the Oslo accords with the Palestine Liberation Organization. However, Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Jewish radical on November 4, 1995. Peres, then Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, once again became Prime Minister and immediately proceeded to carry forward the peace policies of the Rabin government and to implement Israel’s Oslo commitments, including military redeployment in the West Bank and the holding of historic Palestinian elections on January 20, 1996.

Enjoying broad public support and anxious to secure his own mandate, Peres called for early elections after just 3 months in office. (They would have otherwise been held by the end of October 1996.) In late February and early March, a series of suicide bombing attacks by Palestinian terrorists took some 60 Israeli lives, seriously eroding public support for Peres and raising concerns about the peace process. Increased fighting in southern Lebanon, which also brought Katyusha rocket attacks against northern Israel, also raised tensions and weakened the government politically a month before the May 29 elections.

In those electionsthe first direct election of a Prime Minister in Israeli historyLikud leader Binyamin Netanyahu won by a narrow margin, having sharply criticized the government’s peace policies for failing to protect Israeli security. Netanyahu subsequently formed a right-wing coalition government publicly committed to pursuing the peace process, but with an emphasis on security and reciprocity. In 1999, with a shrunken coalition and facing increasing difficulty passing legislation and defeating no-confidence motions, Netanyahu dissolved parliament and called for new elections. This time, the Labor candidateEhud Barakwas victorious. Barak formed a mixed coalition government of secular and religious parties, with Likud in the opposition. In May 2000, Barak fulfilled one of his major campaign promises by withdrawing Israeli forces from Southern Lebanon. However, by mid-autumn, with the breakdown of the Camp David talks and the worsening security situation caused by the new intifada, Barak’s coalition was in jeopardy. In December, he resigned as Prime Minister, precipitating a new prime ministerial election.

In a special election on February 6, 2001, after a campaign stressing security and the maintenance of Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem, Likud leader Ariel Sharon defeated Barak by over 20 percentage points. As he had promised in his campaign, Sharon formed a broad unity government that included the Labor and Likud parties, the far-right parties, some smaller secular parties, and several religious parties. The unity government collapsed in late 2002, and new elections were held in January 2003. Sharon again won, and formed a new government consisting of his own Likud party, the right-wing National Religious Party and National Union party, and centrist Shinui.

The summer of 2004 saw renewed instability in the government, as disagreement over the Gaza disengagement plan resulted in Sharon’s firing two ministers of the National Union Party and accepting the resignation of a third from the National Religious Party in order to secure cabinet approval of the plan (it was endorsed on June 6, 2004). Continuing divisions within the Likud on next steps then prompted Ariel Sharon to leave the party in November 2005 to form the Kadima (“Forward”) party and call new elections for March 2006. However, Sharon was unexpectedly incapacitated in January 2006 due to a severe stroke and leadership of Kadima shifted to Acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, who on March 28 led the party to 29 seats in the Knesset. Labor came in second with 19 seats, and Shas and Likud tied with 12. After intensive coalition negotiations, a new, Kadima-led government, with Labor as “senior partner”, was sworn in on May 4, 2006.

In addition to seeking an end to hostilities with Arab forces, against which it has fought five wars since 1948, Israel has given high priority to gaining wide acceptance as a sovereign state with an important international role.

Before 1967, Israel had established diplomatic relations with a majority of the world’s nations, except for the Arab states and most other Muslim countries. UN Security Council resolutions provided the basis for cease-fire and disengagement agreements concerning the Sinai and the Golan Heights between Israel, Egypt, and Syria and for promoting the Camp David accords and the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty. The Soviet Union and the communist states of Central Europe (except Romania) broke diplomatic relations with Israel during the 1967 war, but those relations were restored by 1991.

The landmark October 1991 Madrid conference recognized the importance of Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 in resolving regional disputes, and brought together for the first time Israel, the Palestinians, and the neighboring Arab countries, launching a series of direct bilateral and multilateral negotiations. These talks were designed to finally resolve outstanding security, border, and other issues between the parties while providing a basis for mutual cooperation on issues of general concern, including the status of refugees, arms control and regional security, water and environmental concerns, and economic development.

Today, Israel has diplomatic relations with 161 states. Following the signing of the Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on September 13, 1993, Israel established or renewed diplomatic relations with 36 countries. Israel has full diplomatic relations with Egypt, Jordan, and Mauritania. In addition, on October 1, 1994, the Gulf States publicly announced their support for a review of the Arab boycott, in effect abolishing the secondary and tertiary boycotts against Israel.

Israel has diplomatic relations with nine non-Arab Muslim states and with 32 of the 43 Sub-Saharan states that are not members of the Arab League. Israel established relations with China and India in 1992 and with the Holy See in 1993.

Commitment to Israel’s security and well being has been a cornerstone of U.S. policy in the Middle East since Israel’s founding in 1948, in which the United States played a key supporting role. Israel and the United States are bound closely by historic and cultural ties as well as by mutual interests. Continuing U.S. economic and security assistance to Israel acknowledges these ties and signals U.S. commitment. The broad issues of Arab-Israeli peace have been a major focus in the U.S.-Israeli relationship. U.S. efforts to reach a Middle East peace settlement are based on many critical security interests. The United State’s strong national security interests in promoting regional security in the Middle East and curtailing acts of terrorism both in Israel and abroad are supported in part by UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338. As one of the most technologically advanced countries in the world, the United States also has a strong interest in promoting Israel’s economic success.

On a bilateral level, relations between the United States and Israel are continually strengthening in every field. In addition to the Joint Political-Military Group described above, there are: bilateral science and technology efforts (including the Binational Science Foundation and the Binational Agricultural Research and Development Foundation); the U.S.-Israeli Education Foundation, which sponsors educational and cultural programs; the Joint Economic Development Group, which maintains a high-level dialogue on economic issues; the Joint Counterterrorism Group, designed to enhance cooperation in fighting terrorism; and a high-level Strategic Dialogue that meets biannually.

On December 6, 2017, President Donald Trump announced the United States would finally recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and that the U.S. Embassy would be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

Israel’s ground, air, and naval forces, known as the Israel Defense Force (IDF), fall under the command of a single general staff. Conscription is universal for Israeli men and women over the age of 18, although exemptions may be made on religious grounds. Druze, members of a small Islamic offshoot living in Israel’s mountains, also serve in the IDF. Israeli Arabs, with the exception of some Bedouins, do not serve. During 1950-66, Israel spent an average of 9% of GDP on defense. Real defense expenditures increased dramatically after both the 1967 and 1973 wars. Military spending in 2005 totaled $9.45 billion, which is equivalent to 7.7% of GDP, and represents 16.3% of government expenditures. The United States provides approximately $2.4 billion per year in security assistance.

In 1983, the United States and Israel established the Joint Political Military Group, which meets twice a year. Both the U.S. and Israel participate in joint military planning and combined exercises, and have collaborated on military research and weapons development.

Israel has a diversified, technologically advanced economy with substantial but decreasing government ownership and a strong high-tech sector. The major industrial sectors include high-technology electronic and biomedical equipment, metal products, processed foods, chemicals, and transport equipment. Israel possesses a substantial service sector and is one of the world’s centers for diamond cutting and polishing. It also is a world leader in software development and, prior to the violence that began in September 2000, was a major tourist destination.

Israel’s strong commitment to economic development and its talented work force led to economic growth rates during the nation’s first two decades that frequently exceeded 10% annually. The years after the 1973 Yom Kippur War were a lost decade economically, as growth stalled and inflation reached triple-digit levels. The successful economic stabilization plan implemented in 1985 and the subsequent introduction of market-oriented structural reforms reinvigorated the economy and paved the way for rapid growth in the 1990s.

A wave of Jewish immigration beginning in 1989, predominantly from the countries of the former U.S.S.R., brought nearly a million new citizens to Israel. These new immigrants, many of them highly educated, now constitute some 13% of Israel’s 6.7 million inhabitants. Their successful absorption into Israeli society and its labor force forms a remarkable chapter in Israeli history. The skills brought by the new immigrants and their added demand as consumers gave the Israeli economy a strong upward push and in the 1990s, they played a key role in the ongoing development of Israel’s high-tech sector.

During the 1990s, progress in the Middle East peace process, beginning with the Madrid Conference of 1991, helped to reduce Israel’s economic isolation from its neighbors and opened up new markets to Israeli exporters farther afield. The peace process stimulated an unprecedented inflow of foreign investment in Israel, and provided a substantial boost to economic growth in the region over the last decade. The onset of the intifada beginning at the end of September 2000, the downturn in the high-tech sector and Nasdaq crisis, and the slowdown of the global economy have all significantly affected the Israeli economy. However, despite the recent conflicts in Gaza and Lebanon, the Israeli economy grew during 2006.

Israeli companies, particularly in the high-tech area, have in the past enjoyed considerable success raising money on Wall Street and other world financial markets; Israel ranks second to Canada among foreign countries in the number of its companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges. Israel’s tech market is very developed, and in spite of the pause in the industry’s growth, the high-tech sector is likely to be the major driver of the Israeli economy. Almost half of Israel’s exports are high tech. Most leading players, including Intel, IBM, and Cisco have a presence in Israel.

Growth was an exceptional 6.2% in 2000, due in part to a number of one-time high tech acquisitions and investments. This exceptional year was followed by two years of negative growth of -0.9% and -1%, respectively, in 2001 and 2002. As a result of the security situation and the associated downturn in the economy, there was a significant rise in unemployment and wage erosion. This led to a decline in private consumption in 2002, the first time that there had been negative private consumption since the early 1980s. However, following growth rates of 1.7% in 2003 and 4.4% in 2004, the Israeli economy entered into a period of stabilization and recovery after the deep recession of 2001 and 2002. Since then, the Israeli economy seems to have returned to a trend of consistent growth. The Israeli economy grew by 5.2% in 2005 and GDP per capita (U.S. $17,800) increased by 3.3%. The Israeli economy grew by an estimated 4.8% in 2006.

Exports of goods and services in Israel grew by 7% in 2005. Service and agricultural exports each increased by more than 10% in 2005, whereas exports increased by 5.6% and imports rose to 4.4%. Israel Tourism revenues increased by 22.7% as a result of the dramatic increase following the intifada’s subsidence.

Israel’s private consumption increased by 4% in 2005. The largest growth in private consumption was in the purchase of clothing, footwear, and personal effects, which increased by 10.2%, following an increase of 5.4% in 2004. Consumption of consumer durables grew much more slowly than in 2004, with an increase of only 3.4%, compared with 14.3% the previous year.

In the Israeli business sector, business GDP grew by 6.6% in 2005. According to CBS statistics, the transportation, storage, and communications industries grew by 9.2%, following growth of 6.6% in 2004. The GDP of the wholesale, retail, restaurant, and hotel sector increased by 8.1%, up from 6.1% in 2004. The GDP of the finance and business services sector in 2005 increased by 6.4%, up from the previous year’s 6.1% growth rate.

The general consensus among economists is that Israel’s economy is very strong and that its growth potential is in the 4% to 5% range.

The United States is Israel’s largest trading partner. In 2005, two-way trade totaled some $26.6 billion, up 12% from 2004. The U.S. trade deficit with Israel was $7.1 billion in 2005, up 33% from 2004, due largely to rising Israeli exports to the U.S. U.S. exports to Israel rose 6.1% in 2005 to $9.7 billion, making Israel our 19th largest export market for goods. The principal goods exported from the U.S. include civilian aircraft parts, telecommunications equipment, semiconductors, civilian aircraft, electrical apparatus, and computer accessories. Israel’s chief exports to the U.S. include diamonds, pharmaceutical preparations, telecommunications equipment, medicinal equipment, electrical apparatus, and cotton apparel. The two countries signed a free trade agreement (FTA) in 1985 that progressively eliminated tariffs on most goods traded between the two countries over the following 10 years. An agricultural trade accord signed in November 1996 addressed the remaining goods not covered in the FTA but has not entirely erased barriers to trade in the agricultural sector. Israel also has trade and cooperation agreements in place with the European Union, Canada, Mexico, and other countries.

Best prospect industry sectors in Israel for U.S. exporters are electricity and gas equipment, defense equipment, medical instruments and disposable products, industrial chemicals, telecommunication equipment, electronic components, building materials/construction industries (DIY and infrastructure), safety and security equipment and services, non-prescription drugs, travel and tourism services, and computer software.

The name Israel refers to Jacob from the Bible, the father of the Jews who would eventually create the kingdom of Israel. (See the Book of Genesis in the Bible.) Jacob’s descendants were numerous, but were put under bondage in Egypt. The first attempt at forming a nation dates back to the migration or Exodus of Israel out of Egypt after being freed from their slavery. (See the Book of Exodus in the Bible). While the exact date is not known, the most likely scenario is in the 1400s B.C. After 40 years of wandering, the Hebrews attempted to settle in the land of Canaan, after first having to fight battles with the inhabitants. (See the Book of Joshua in the Bible). The Jewish people lived for hundreds of years under Judges (See the Book of Judges in the Bible) before forming a monarchy under their first King, Saul in 1050 B.C. Israel expanded under David from 1010 to 970 B.C. and then reached its height under Solomon from 970 to 930 B.C. With the death of Solomon the united kingdom of Israel split in two with the tribes of Judah and Benjamin forming their own nation, Judah. (See I Samuel, II Samuel, I Kings, I Chronicles in the Bible)

The first King of Israel was Jeroboam I, who made his capital at Shechem until it was replaced by Samaria under Omri. Almost immediately the Israeli kings “did evil in the sight of the Lord” and turned away from the Lord God. Although they were larger and more powerful than Judah, they fell more quickly due to their apostacy. Israel continued being ruled by kings until its conquest by Assyria in 722 B.C. Judah had a number of kings who did what was right in God’s sight, but eventually they too were turning away. They continued as an independent nation until 586 B.C. when they fell to the Babylonians. Both of these conquests led to many Jews being deported from the land of Israel. While under Persian rule after the Babylonians had fallen to the Persians, the Jews were allowed to return and rebuild their temple (520 – 516 B.C.)[3] In the 400’s B.C. they began to return to God as well, showing a reverence for Him that was often lacking during the time they had their own kingdom. Still under Persian rule and with their blessing, Nehemiah came to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem, a position that was bitterly opposed by the other peoples living on the land. The Jews had to stand guard as they built.

When Alexander the Great swept through Israel in 332 B.C., Persian rule had ended to be replaced by Greek. Upon Alexander’s death in 323 B.C. there was a fight for power among his generals and subordinates, which led to Israel coming under control of the Ptolemies, the Greek leaders of Egypt. The Jews were treated leniently until the Seleucids, the Greek leaders of Syria, pushed back the Ptolemies and took over Israel in 198 B.C. The Seleucids were not as lenient and under Antiochus IV (175 to 164 B.C.) conditions worsened considerably. In 168 B.C. Judaism was declared to be illegal and a pig was sacrified on the altar of the Jewish temple; the Jews revolted under the Maccabees and fought a prolonged guerrilla war until their eventual religious independence in 164 B.C. Complete acknowledgement of independence from the Seleucids didn’t come until 142 B.C. when Roman pressure helped them to make the decision to let Israel go. This independence would last until 63 B.C., when infighting caused the Jews to ask for Roman intervention. Rome stopped the fighting, but Israel came under Roman rule as the province of Palestine. The Jewish people would not have their independence again for over 2000 years. It was under this state of Roman control that Jesus was born around 4 B.C. Three revolts against Roman rule by the Jews, the first in 66 A.D., the next in 115 A.D., and the last in 132 A.D. took place, and failed. After the failure of the third, the Romans forced the Jews to leave Israel thus beginning the diaspora, the dispersal of the Jews from the land of Palestine.

By the fifth century the inhabitants of the region were Christianized, under the Byzantine Empire, a situation which continued until the Arab invasions of the 7th and 8th centuries. The Arabs brought with them the Islamic faith which, due to its many similarities with Christianity and Judaism and the social advantages it brought, was gradually adopted by the population. However, Jewish and Christian citizens continued to live in the region, in relative peace, until the Crusades.

The Crusades saw part of the Holy Lands reconquered from Islam in the name of Christianity. The Crusader states were temporary before being conquered by Islam again with the fall of the last Crusader state in 1290. First the Mamelukes controlled the area, then starting in the early 1500s, the Ottoman Turks conquered the region. World War I saw a British victory over the Ottoman’s and the region came under British mandate of Palestine in 1920.

The British and late Ottoman authorities permitted the resettlement of Jews from Europe, many of them looking to establish a Jewish state in the region, part of a movement called Zionism. In the last years of British mandate the number and strength of the Jews in Palestine increased, with many adopting extremely radical tactics to achieve their goal of an independent Jewish state. Terrorist organizations such as Irgun and Lehi attacked British and Arab targets, killing civilians in the process. Britain’s occupation became too expensive and they handed control to the United Nations to sort out a solution.

The recreation of the State of Israel in 1948 was preceded by more than 50 years of efforts to re-establish a sovereign state as a homeland for the Jewish nation. These efforts were initiated by Theodore Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement, and were given added impetus by the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which asserted the British Government’s support for the recreation of a Jewish homeland in roughly its original position, which was then known as Palestine.

In the years following World War I, Palestine became a British Mandate and the number of Jews returning to their homeland steadily increased, as did violence between Palestine’s Jewish and Arab communities. Mounting British efforts to restrict this immigration were countered by international support for Jewish national aspirations following the near-extermination of European Jewry by the Nazis during World War II. This support led to the 1947 UN partition plan, which would have divided Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states, with Jerusalem under UN administration.

In 1956, French, British, and Israeli forces engaged Egypt in response to its nationalization of the Suez Canal and blockade of the Straits of Tiran. Israeli forces withdrew in March 1957, after the United Nations established the UN Emergency Force (UNEF) in the Gaza Strip and Sinai. This war resulted in no territorial shifts and was followed by several years of terrorist incidents and retaliatory acts across Israel’s borders.

In June 1967, Israeli forces in the Six-Day War struck targets in Egypt, Jordan, and Syria in response to Egyptian President Nasser’s ordered withdrawal of UN peace keepers from the Sinai Peninsula and the buildup of Arab armies along Israel’s borders. After 6 days, all parties agreed to a cease-fire, under which Israel retained control of the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the formerly Jordanian-controlled West Bank of the Jordan River, and East Jerusalem. On November 22, 1967, the Security Council adopted Resolution 242, the “land for peace” formula, which called for the establishment of a just and lasting peace based on Israeli withdrawal from territories occupied in 1967 in return for the end of all states of belligerency, respect for the sovereignty of all states in the area, and the right to live in peace within secure, recognized boundaries. The Six Day War had a momentous effect on American Jews, mobilizing new support for Israel.

The following years were marked by continuing violence across the Suez Canal, punctuated by the 1969-70 War of Attrition between Israel and Egypt. On October 6, 1973Yom Kippur (the Jewish Day of Atonement), the armies of Syria and Egypt launched an attack against Israel. Although the Egyptians and Syrians initially made significant advances, Israel was able to push the invading armies back beyond the 1967 cease-fire lines by the time the United States and the Soviet Union helped bring an end to the fighting. In the UN Security Council, the United States supported Resolution 338, which reaffirmed Resolution 242 as the framework for peace and called for peace negotiations between the parties.

In the years that followed, sporadic clashes continued along the cease-fire lines but guided by the U.S., Egypt, and Israel continued negotiations. In November 1977, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat made a historic visit to Jerusalem, which opened the door for the 1978 Israeli-Egyptian peace summit convened at Camp David by President Carter. These negotiations led to a 1979 peace treaty between Israel and Egypt, pursuant to which Israel withdrew from the Sinai in 1982, signed by President Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menahem Begin of Israel.

In the years following the 1948 war, Israel’s border with Lebanon was quiet relative to its borders with other neighbors. After the expulsion of Palestinian fighters from Jordan in 1970 and their influx into southern Lebanon, however, hostilities along Israel’s northern border increased and Israeli forces crossed into Lebanon. After passage of Security Council Resolution 425, calling for Israeli withdrawal and the creation of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon peacekeeping force (UNIFIL), Israel withdrew its troops.

In June 1982, following a series of cross-border terrorist attacks and the attempted assassination of the Israeli Ambassador to the U.K., Israel invaded Lebanon to fight the forces of Yasser Arafat’s Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The PLO withdrew its forces from Lebanon in August 1982. Israel, having failed to finalize an agreement with Lebanon, withdrew most of its troops in June 1985 save for a residual force which remained in southern Lebanon to act as a buffer against attacks on northern Israel. These remaining forces were completely withdrawn in May 2000 behind a UN-brokered delineation of the Israel-Lebanon border (the Blue Line). Hezbollah forces in Southern Lebanon continued to attack Israeli positions south of the Blue Line in the Sheba Farms/Har Dov area of the Golan Heights.

The victory of the U.S.-led coalition in the Persian Gulf War of 1991 opened new possibilities for regional peace. In October 1991, the United States and the Soviet Union convened the Madrid Conference, in which Israeli, Lebanese, Jordanian, Syrian, and Palestinian leaders laid the foundations for ongoing negotiations designed to bring peace and economic development to the region. Within this framework, Israel and the PLO signed a Declaration of Principles on September 13, 1993, which established an ambitious set of objectives relating to a transfer of authority from Israel to an interim Palestinian authority. Israel and the PLO subsequently signed the Gaza-Jericho Agreement on May 4, 1994, and the Agreement on Preparatory Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities on August 29, 1994, which began the process of transferring authority from Israel to the Palestinians.

On October 26, 1994, Israel and Jordan signed a historic peace treaty, witnessed by President Clinton. This was followed by Israeli Prime Minister Rabin and PLO Chairman Arafat’s signing of the historic Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on September 28, 1995. This accord, which incorporated and superseded previous agreements, broadened Palestinian self-government and provided for cooperation between Israel and the Palestinians in several areas.

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated on November 4, 1995, by a right-wing Jewish radical, bringing the increasingly bitter national debate over the peace process to a climax. Subsequent Israeli governments continued to negotiate with the PLO resulting in additional agreements, including the Wye River and the Sharm el-Sheikh memoranda. However, a summit hosted by President Clinton at Camp David in July 2000 to address permanent status issuesincluding the status of Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees, Israeli settlements in the West Bank and Gaza, final security arrangements, borders, and relations and cooperation with neighboring statesfailed to produce an agreement.

Following the failed talks, widespread violence broke out in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza in September 2000. In April 2001 the Sharm el-Sheikh Fact Finding Committee, commissioned by the October 2000 Middle East Peace Summit and chaired by former U.S. Senator George Mitchell, submitted its report, which recommended an immediate end to the violence followed by confidence-building measures and a resumption of security cooperation and peace negotiations. Building on the Mitchell report, In April 2003, the Quartet (the U.S., UN, European Union (EU), and the Russian Federation) announced the “roadmap,” a performance-based plan to bring about two states, Israel and a democratic, viable Palestine, living side by side in peace and security.

Despite the promising developments of spring 2003, violence continued and in September 2003 the first Palestinian Prime Minister, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), resigned after failing to win true authority to restore law and order, fight terror, and reform Palestinian institutions. In response to the deadlock, in the winter of 2003-2004 Prime Minister Sharon put forward his Gaza disengagement initiative, proposing the withdrawal of Israeli settlements from Gaza as well as parts of the northern West Bank. President Bush endorsed this initiative in an exchange of letters with Prime Minister Sharon on April 14, 2004, viewing Gaza disengagement as an opportunity to move towards implementation of the two-state vision and begin the development of Palestinian institutions. In a meeting in May 2004 the Quartet endorsed the initiative, which was approved by the Knesset in October 2004.

The run-up to disengagement saw a flurry of diplomatic activity, including the February 2005 announcement of Lieutenant General William Ward as U.S. Security Coordinator; the March 2005 Sharon-Abbas summit in Sharm el-Sheikh; the return of Egyptian and Jordanian ambassadors to Israel; and the May 2005 appointment of former World Bank president James D. Wolfensohn as Special Envoy for Gaza Disengagement to work for a revitalization of the Palestinian economy after disengagement. Wolfensohn’s direct involvement spurred Israeli-Palestinian agreement on the Gaza crossings” at Karni and Erez, on the demolition of settler homes, water, electricity, and communications infrastructure issues, as well as other issues related to the Palestinian economy.

On August 15, 2005, Israel began implementing its disengagement from the Gaza Strip, and the Israeli Defense Forces completed their withdrawal, including the dismantling of 17 settlements, on September 12. After broad recognition for Prime Minister Sharon’s accomplishment at that fall’s UN General Assembly, international attention quickly turned to efforts to strengthen Palestinian governance and the economy in Gaza. The United States brokered a landmark Agreement on Movement and Access between the parties in November 2005 to facilitate further progress on Palestinian economic issues. However, the terrorist organization Hamasbuilding on popular support for its “resistance” to Israeli occupation and a commitment to clean up the notorious corruption of the Palestinian Authority (PA)–took a majority in the January 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) elections, with Hamas leader Ismail Haniya as Prime Minister. The Israeli leadership pledged not to work with a Palestinian government in which Hamas had a role.

Shortly following Hamas’ PLC victory, the Quartetcomprised of the United States, European Union, United Nations. and Russiaoutlined three basic principles the Hamas-led PA must meet in order for the U.S. and the international community to reengage with the PA: renounce violence and terror, recognize Israel, and respect previous agreements, including the roadmap. The Hamas-led PA government rejected these principles, resulting in a Quartet statement of “grave concern” on March 30, 2006 and the suspension of U.S. assistance to the PA, complete prohibition on U.S. Government contacts with the PA, and prohibition of unlicensed transactions with the PA government. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) under the leadership of PLO Chairman and PA President Mahmud Abbas (Abu Mazen), by contrast, remained consistently committed to the Quartet principles.

Despite several negotiated cease-fires between Hamas and Fatah, violent clashes in the Gaza Stripand to a lesser extent in the West Bankwere commonplace between December 2006 and February 2007 and resulted in dozens of deaths and injuries. In an attempt to end the intra-Palestinian violence, the King of Saudi Arabia invited Palestinian rivals to Mecca, and on February 9, 2007, Abbas and Hamas leader Haniya agreed to the formation of a Palestinian national unity government and a cessation of violence. Hamas’ rejectionist policies and violent behavior continued despite the formation of the national unity government.

In June 2007, Hamas effectively orchestrated a violent coup in Gaza. Hamas also launched scores of Qassam rockets into southern Israel in an attempt to involve Israel in the Hamas-Fatah conflict. On June 14, Palestinian Authority President Mahoud Abbas exercised his lawful authority by declaring a state of emergency, dissolving the national unity government, and replacing it with a new government with Salam Fayyad as Prime Minister.

The new Palestinian Authority government under President Abbas and Prime Minister Fayyad has no elements controlled by Hamas. The new government claims they are dedicated to peace and the Quartet principles and has been embraced politically and financially by the international community, including Israel, mainly because of the far worse alternative that Hamas represent.

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Two Israels, for now | Ian Vincent

I commented on FB:

Ephesians 2:12 says we Gentile believers are citizens of Israel (the commonwealth of Israel)

Romans 11:17 says we Gentile believers are grafted into the Olive Tree, Israel.

1 Cor. 10:18 speaks of Israel after the flesh, meaning, natural or fleshly Israel.

So, if there are two Israels currently in existence, and one is called fleshly or natural (by natural birth) then we take it the other is spiritual, and not natural (by second birth).

Then, at the Messiahs return to earth the two Israels become perfectly the one body of Christ, because natural Israel is converted, born again.

In this way the church does not replace Israel, it is grafted into the Israel of God.

Gentiles, therefore, should be longing for the glorious day when natural Israel will be saved and come into the body of Christ.

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Two Israels, for now | Ian Vincent

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Israel’s Jumping Parliament

Years ago, when I was a member of the Knesset, I decided to stage a demonstration in the plenum hall.

I put on a T-shirt with the slogan Peace is greater than Greater Israel. In the middle of the debate I took my jacket off, displaying the slogan.

After a few minutes, an usher approached me and said politely: The Speaker would like to see you in his office.

The speaker was Yitzhak Shamir, a former commander of the Lehi terrorist underground. He received me with a broad smile, asked me to be seated and said: Uri, you have made your point. Now I ask you to take the t-shirt off and return to your seat! Of course I did so.

I remembered this small incident this week, when something much more serious happened in the Knesset.

The American vice president honored Israel with a visit and was received like a king.

Why? Dont know. To my mind, the man is a good-looking and well-dressed fool. Wherever he stopped, he made speeches that should have made even ardent Zionists blush. He lauded Israel in terms of childish adulation, heaping shameless flattery upon fake history.

Official Israel was ecstatic. No one reminded the public that the extreme Christian evangelism espoused by Pence has an unhappy end. It says that after all the Jews have gathered in the Holy Land, Christ will return to earth and all the Jews will convert to his religion. Those who dont will perish.

The high point of the visit was Pences speech in the Knesset plenum. This in itself was curious. Such honors are reserved for foreign heads of state. Pence, as a mere vice, had no such right. But the Israeli government was set to flatter the man, who might one day become president himself.

(Actually, the only reason I can imagine for not throwing Donald Trump out is the frightening idea that Pence will become president.)

As a former Knesset member I was invited to be seated in the Plenum hall on this occasion, but of course I declined the honor. What followed was shameful.

When the vice president started to utter his chain of flatteries, the members jumped up and gave him a wild standing ovation. This was repeated again and again, up and down, up and down, and looked both ridiculous and disgusting.

Contrary to the US congress, the Knesset does not allow applause. In all my 10 years as a member, during which I attended every single session, I dont remember a single hand-clap, not to mention multiple standing ovations.

After the guests speech, representatives of the parties had the right to respond. All the Jewish parties lauded the American politician wholeheartedly. No difference between coalition and opposition.

Arab MPs protesting Pences speech. (U.S. Embassy Tel Aviv)

But the really shameful scene came right at the beginning. When Pence started to speak, the members of the Arab United List stood up and waved placards protesting Trumps recent recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

The Knesset Guard seems to have been forewarned. In a split second, they set upon the 13 members of the list and evicted them forcibly. It was an ugly sight, made even uglier by the stormy applause from most Jewish members.

The United List is a combination of three Arab parties with widely divergent views Communist, Nationalist and Islamist. They were compelled to unite when the Jewish majority enacted a law raising the minimum clause with the obvious intent of getting rid of the Arab parties, none of which had a chance of passing the minimum on its own. So they put up a joint list and became the third largest Knesset faction.

The entire ugly scene was quite superfluous. After a minute, the Speaker could have acted as Shamir did in my case ask the Arab members to be seated after having made their point. But the present Speaker is no Shamir. He was a Zionist activist in Soviet Russia, with quite a different mentality.

For the two million Arab citizens of Israel and the tens of millions of Arabs in the neighboring countries, the scene conveyed a clear message: the Arabs dont really belong to the State of Israel.

The visual impact was unequivocal: all the Jews in the Knesset applauded the eviction of all the Arabs. It was a clear national divide, showing that the Arabs are strangers in the Jewish state no matter how many centuries they have lived here.

The division is not so absolutely clean: the Arab list contains one Jewish communist, while most Jewish factions have one Arab member each. Popular humor calls them Pet Arabs.

This was not the end. On the very next day, the police announced that they were going to recommend that the three nationalist members of the United List be put on trial for breaking the party financing law.

Since parties represented in the Knesset receive state subsidies, the law prescribes what other donations they are allowed to receive. Israeli citizens are allowed to donate up to a certain maximum donations from abroad are forbidden.

Now the police announced that the Arab national Party, Balad, had received large cash donations from abroad, disguising them with false documentation. The investigation, it was disclosed, has taken two years, with 140 persons interrogated.

Yeah? If so, why was the disclosure made exactly one day after the Knesset incident? Arab citizens and others are compelled to believe that the disclosure was a penalty for insulting the US Vice President.

How vicious! How stupid!

But Arabs are not the most unfortunate victims of this government. This role is reserved for the Africans.

Black people fleeing from Sudan and Eritrea have reached us for years after a long and painful trek, crossing the border between Sinai and Israel. In the end Israel built a wall and stopped the flow. But before that happened, about 35 thousand black Africans had reached Tel Aviv, where they settled in the poorest sections and soon quarreled with the locals.

The government built a special prison for them, but many had to be released. They were illegally employed washing dishes and such.

Now the Israeli government has made a secret agreement with the governments of Ruanda and Uganda: for a payment per head, these countries will receive the immigrants. The victims themselves will receive a few dollars if they leave voluntarily. Otherwise they will be incarcerated indefinitely.

The decision raised a storm. It was generally assumed that in these African countries the lives of the refugees would be in danger, that they would be robbed, raped and killed, that others would try to reach European shores and be killed on the way.

The racist aspect was painfully obvious. Israel is full of foreign workers, from Ukrainians to Chinese. The Africans could easily displace them and do their jobs. But they are black. And they might God forbid! marry kosher Jewish girls.

And suddenly something completely unexpected happened: a moral uprising. After a rising tide of protests and articles, citizens spoke with a new voice.

Hundreds of pilots and other air crew called for airlines to refuse to transport the refugees from Israel to Africa. Many announced that they themselves would refuse to fly them. They swore not to be like the German locomotive drivers, who transported the Jews to their deaths in the extermination camps.

An elderly woman, a survivor from such a camp, announced on TV that she would hide any refugee seeking her help. She called on all Israeli women to do the same and hide refugees in the attics of their homes. That was a clear allusion to Anne Frank, who was hidden with her family in an attic in Amsterdam during the Holocaust.

This is going on now, a rising tide, an Israeli voice that has not been heard for a long time. A voice that has been mute for so many years, the voice of my Israel, the voice of yesterdays Israel and hopefully tomorrows.

There was a time when I could be proud to be an Israeli. Perhaps this time is returning.

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Israel’s Jumping Parliament

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January 30, 2018   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

Eric Margolis, Author at LewRockwell

https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/03/eric-margolis/putin-trumps-trump/ While spending less than 5% of the Pentagons budget. Article by Eric Margolis. 3/6/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/02/eric-margolis/fix-bayonets-lets-attack-china-and-russia/ Lets attack China and Russia! Article by Eric Margolis. 2/24/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/02/eric-margolis/oops-sorry-we-destroyed-your-country-in-error/ Sorry, We Destroyed Your Country in Error. Article by Eric Margolis. 2/17/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/02/eric-margolis/make-sports-not-war/ Eric Margolis on the promise of the Olympics. 2/10/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/02/eric-margolis/war-between-the-us-and-turkey/ Eric Margolis on neocon conspirators. 2/3/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/01/eric-margolis/russias-new-monster-weapon/ Eric Margolis on a frightening response to the US. 1/27/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/01/eric-margolis/us-preparing-to-attack-pakistan/ For India, Israel, and the Pentagram. Article by Eric Margolis. 1/13/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/01/eric-margolis/iran-not-ready-regime-change/ Thank goodness, says Eric Margolis. 1/6/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/12/eric-margolis/trumps-great-purge/ He doesnt understand trade, says Eric Margolis. 12/30/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/12/eric-margolis/lies-damn-lies-how-the-west-deceived-russia/ Eric Margolis on how the West fooled Russia. 12/16/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/12/eric-margolis/trumps-crusade/ Finally, the US reveals its Mideast bias, says Eric Margolis. 12/9/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/12/eric-margolis/kims-big-xmas-gift/ With war on North Korea. Article by Eric Margolis. 12/2/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/11/eric-margolis/remembering-bosnias-horrors/ 11/25/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/11/eric-margolis/trump-keep-away-from-that-red-button/ And calm down, Mr. Trump, says Eric Margolis. 11/18/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/11/eric-margolis/saudi-arabia-arrest-the-usual-princes/ Is the House of Saud through? Or will there be even more war crimes? Article by Eric Margolis. 11/10/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/11/eric-margolis/uncle-sam-takes-up-the-white-mans-burden/ Eric Margolis on criminality and empire. 11/4/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/eric-margolis/xi-jinping-letat-cest-moi/ 10/28/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/eric-margolis/the-phony-islamic-state-gets-plastered/ Gets plastered. Article by Eric Margolis. 10/21/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/eric-margolis/iran-must-be-destroyed/ Eric Margolis on the next US war. 10/14/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/eric-margolis/urgent-message-to-spain-calm-down/ Calm down, says Eric Margolis. 10/7/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/09/eric-margolis/vietnam-deja-vu/ Eric Margolis on more hisnonest, dishonorable imperial wars. 9/30/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/09/eric-margolis/enough-already-with-all-the-bombast/ Enough with the bombast, says Eric Margolis. 9/23/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/09/eric-margolis/horrific-massacre-burma/ No one cares, says Eric Margolis. 9/11/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/09/eric-margolis/time-listen-south-korea/ About North Korea. Article By Eric Margolis. 9/2/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/08/eric-margolis/im-scared/ Eric Margolis on Trump and Korea. 8/25/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/08/eric-margolis/miracle-in-syria/ Eric Margolis on Four Paws. 8/18/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/08/eric-margolis/trump-emulate-gorbachev/ Ignore your generals and get out of Afghanistan, says Eric Margolis. 8/5/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/07/eric-margolis/trump-end-war-syria/ Yes, and deserve the thanks of all decent men, if he’s for real, says Eric Margolis. 7/22/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/07/eric-margolis/death-of-the-west-2/ Eric Margolis on Woodrow Wilson and WWI. 7/15/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/07/eric-margolis/end-korean-war/ Eric Margolis writes to Trump. 7/8/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/07/eric-margolis/frances-macron/ Will he actually be good for business? Article by Eric Margolis. 7/1/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/06/eric-margolis/will-mideast-blow/ And will it take the rest of us with it? Article by Eric Margolis. 6/23/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/06/eric-margolis/the-mouse-that-roared/ 6/16/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/06/eric-margolis/historic-battle-pacific/ When the US giant smashed Japan. Article by Eric Margolis. 6/13/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/06/eric-margolis/europe-vs-trump/

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March 11, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

A Libertarian Defense of Israel – LewRockwell

The Libertarian Case for Israel, by Alan Futerman, Rafi Farber, and Walter Block. As a follow-up tomy review of Alison Weirsbook,Against Our Better Judgment: The Hidden History of How the U.S. Was Used to Create Israel,I would like to examine this essay regarding the libertarian case for Israel. After noting the anti-Israel sentiment in the Arab world, the authors comment: What is much more vexing is that a similar attitude is pervasive among the libertarian community (and, even, shonda, amongst, happily, a very small percentage of Jews) where Israel is often picked out as a particularly pernicious state relative to almost all others. I had to look it up: Shonda: shame, disgrace.It is interesting one might consider such descriptors from a nationalist or religious viewpoint, like what a disgrace that some Jews hold an anti-Israel position; but why would this be true from alibertarianstandpoint?Just because a libertarian happens to be Jewish, does that preclude him from looking negatively on the creation and/or existence of the state of Israel? The authors note that, of course, libertarians are against all states but why do some libertarians hold a special hatred of the Israeli state?It is troubling to the authors that this is so.They point to an essay by Rothbard as perhaps being the root of this libertarian hatred, with Rothbard pointing to the Six-Day war. Against Our Better Jud…Alison WeirBest Price: $3.60Buy New $8.00(as of 10:20 EDT – Details) Going far beyond blaming Israel for the Six Day War though, Rothbard insists that the entire State of Israel is illegitimate What is peculiar about Rothbards article is that he finds the State of Israel uniquely pernicious in that it was supposedly founded on massive land theft and expropriation from Arabs. Well, it wasnt supposedly founded in such a manner it wasspecificallyfounded in such a manner.In this massive land theft there is nothing necessarily unique about Israel, the authors point out (although few examples are both as recent and as egregious and continue to drive war even to the present day); they neglect to point out the terrorism that was also present in the founding. Our thesisis that Rothbard did not go far back enough in time in analyzing legitimate land claims. Yes; the Six Day War isnt the issue.The year 1948 is the issue. Much of the land currently under dispute was homesteaded by Jews before the territory was even called Palestine, when it was in fact called Judea. What?The authors look back to the time of Christ(they do not refer to the time as this; they refer to it as Roman times), and offer that somewhere up to 3 million Jews populated the land today known as Israel. These Jews were unjustly murdered or expelled from their lands and sold into slavery after rebelling against the Roman Empire. Since there can be no man-made statute of limitations in libertarianism This is going to be interesting if modern day Jews can prove descent from the original Jewish homesteaders, which we demonstrate they can both culturally and genetically The authors do not demonstrate this 2000 year descent in this article, but I believe I am citing only from a summary; I cannot find another, more detailed examination by these authors online. In any case, I will not take this point seriously.Culturally?What on earth does this mean?Westerners share certain cultural characteristics with ancient Greeks.What does this prove about land claims? Genetically?I am quite certain that virtually everyone of Mediterranean ancestry (including the Palestinian Arabs) has traces of Jewish genes going back to the time of Christ; throw in the expanse of the Ottoman Empire in more recent years and you pretty much cover all of Southern Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia.Do they all have claim to this land? This is nonsense; correction, this is nonsense on stilts.To lay claim, an individual must demonstrate prior ownership by an ancestor a specific ancestor; ownership of property that was stolen.Can you imagine the chaos ifcultureorgenesover thousands of years is sufficient to establish a claim? then all land with prodigious evidence of previous Jewish homesteading Prodigious evidence from 2000 years ago?Evidence that connects specific individuals to specific land claims? dated to the time of the fall of Judea, should return to the descendants of the original homesteaders. Original homesteaders?Why stop at the fall of Judea?Did Joshua lead the Jews into unoccupied land?This siteidentifies 12 battles of Joshua, eleven of which were instigated by the Israelites.I guess we could go back even further, but you get the point; the point is that the argument presented by the authors is pointless it is never-ending. These are modern day Jews, who by and large have never relinquished their claims to their ancient homeland. I have written enough about this 2000 year baloney. Israel never actively expelled Arabs from their homes in the aftermath of the Six Day War, and only allows building of Jewish settlements on vacant, unhomesteaded land. I have no idea if this is true, but it is irrelevant for my purposes; I only include it here because I expect a few readers will provide a few links to the contrary.The issue isnt the Six Day War; the issue dates to the founding of the State of Israel. In tackling Rothbards claims of mass expulsion of Arabs during the 1948 War of Independence, we concede that this did indeed happen in certain isolated cases. There were 750,000 refugees.This is isolated? But the point is, did they have a right to these areas in the first place? Arabs lived in the land continuously for thousands of years; multiple generations can be specifically traced and identified. In fact, the population that was ethnically cleansed were the Jews of Arab countries (about 850,000), who were expelled and expropriated after the creation of the State of Israel. As they say, payback is a bitch.Those Arab countries probably had to make room for all of the Palestinian refugees that they took on; and the Zionists of Israel no doubt cooperated fully in the Jewish expulsion from Arab lands as they had regarding Jews throughout Europe. Finally, regarding the legitimacy of Israel as a state, even according to Israels most vociferous critics of which Rothbard was one, 7% of pre-1948 Palestine was purchased legitimately by Jews. As noted in the title, Israel is 7% legitimate. Conclusion Every single person on earth, if the ancestry is traced back far enough (and 2000 years is more than far enough a few hundred years is probably far enough), has a history of both victim and perpetrator.What are we supposed to do with that?The authors have made a libertarian case for a war of all against all. Lets deal in reality: there are between 30,000 and 50,000 Palestinian refugees from 1948 still alive today who have a direct claim to property in Israel, property that was stolen from them.There are almost 5 million registered direct descendants of the 750,000 refugee property owners alive today. If one is to speak of a legitimate claim on the stolen property, one can only deal in such specific terms specific individuals (including specific descendants) with specific claims; to do anything else invites chaos. There is nothing libertarian about the case made in this essay for Israel. Reprinted with permission from Bionic Mosquito. The Best of Bionic Mosquito

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March 10, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

Laurence M. Vance, Author at LewRockwell

https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/03/laurence-m-vance/why-not-execute-alcohol-and-tobacco-dealers/ Along with drug dealers, says Laurence Vance. 3/13/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/03/laurence-m-vance/republicans-still-dont-get-it-on-gun-control/ Laurence Vance on gun control. 3/6/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/02/laurence-m-vance/the-reagan-record/ Horrific, says Laurence Vance. 2/27/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/02/laurence-m-vance/what-else-will-they-learn-in-the-military/ Will they learn in the military? Article by Laurence Vance. 2/20/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/02/laurence-m-vance/shouldnt-the-united-states-return-to-its-constitution/ Actually not, says Laurence Vance. 2/13/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/02/laurence-m-vance/republican-hypocrisy-on-abortion/ Laurence Vance on abortion. 2/6/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/01/laurence-m-vance/trump-a-libertarian-dissent/ A libertarian dissent from Laurence Vance. 1/30/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/01/laurence-m-vance/a-half-baked-view-of-the-first-amendment/ Not their speech rights, says Laurence Vance. 1/24/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/01/laurence-m-vance/welfare-work-requirements/ With work requirements. Article by Laurence Vance. 1/16/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/01/laurence-m-vance/movies-and-marijuana/ Laurence Vance on Saudis and Americans. 1/10/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/01/laurence-m-vance/the-welfare-expanding-tax-reform-bill/ Bad news, says Laurence Vance. 1/2/2018 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/12/laurence-m-vance/so-what-christians/ Laurence Vance on an unfortunate new type. 12/26/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/12/laurence-m-vance/a-platform-of-lies/ Laurence Vance on the GOP. 12/19/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/12/laurence-m-vance/what-makes-tax-reform-libertarian/ Depends. Laurence Vance on the tricks. 12/11/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/12/laurence-m-vance/honoring-the-fallen/ Not me, says Laurence Vance. 12/5/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/11/laurence-m-vance/prisoners-trump-should-have-freed/ Laurence Vance has some suggestions. 11/28/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/11/laurence-m-vance/repeal-the-second-amendment/ Laurence Vance on the worst gun-controllers, Republican neocons. 11/22/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/11/laurence-m-vance/conservatives-and-libertarians-for-higher-taxes/ What a fraud. Article by Laurence Vance. 11/15/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/11/laurence-m-vance/the-gop-tax-reform-plan-a-libertarian-analysis/ A libertarian analysis, from Laurence Vance. 11/6/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/laurence-m-vance/what-u-s-soldiers-actually-sign-up-for/ And what soldiers actually sign up for. Article by Laurence Vance. 10/31/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/laurence-m-vance/are-republicans-libertarians/ What a joke, says Laurence Vance. 10/24/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/laurence-m-vance/lying-mattis/ Laurence Vance on Mad-Dog Mattis. 10/17/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/laurence-m-vance/the-world-will-come-to-an-end/ Laurence Vance on leftist prophets. 10/10/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/10/laurence-m-vance/the-gop-tax-reform-plan-a-preliminary-libertarian-analysis/ A preliminary libertarian analysis from Laurence Vance. 10/3/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/09/laurence-m-vance/libertarianism-wins-hands-down/ Over conservatism, says Laurence Vance. 9/26/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/09/laurence-m-vance/five-lessons-from-911/ Not neocon, says Laurence Vance. 9/19/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/09/laurence-m-vance/price-gouging-property-rights/ Laurence Vance on whats right. 9/13/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/09/laurence-m-vance/when-right-is-wrong/ Laurence Vance on conservatives. 9/5/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/08/laurence-m-vance/are-any-of-them-libertarian/ Laurence Vance on school reform schemes and scams. 8/29/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/08/laurence-m-vance/just-bad-republicans-congress/ Horrific doesnt begin to describe it. Article by Laurence Vance. 8/22/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/08/laurence-m-vance/pay-tax-cuts/ So even the GOP can understand. Article by Laurence Vance. 8/15/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/08/laurence-m-vance/mission-to-mars/ Shut it down, says Laurence Vance. 8/8/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/08/laurence-m-vance/america-isnt-free/ Laurence Vance on alcohol and tobacco. 8/1/2017 https://www.lewrockwell.com/2017/07/laurence-m-vance/military-need-rebuilt/

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March 9, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

Ted Nugent – Wikipedia

Theodore Anthony Nugent (; born December 13, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter, musician and activist. Nugent initially gained fame as the lead guitarist of the Amboy Dukes, a band formed in 1963 that played psychedelic rock[1][2] and hard rock.[3][4] After playing with the Amboy Dukes, he embarked on a solo career. Nugent is also noted for conservative political views, his lifelong stance against drug and alcohol abuse and advocacy of hunting and gun ownership rights.[5][6] He is a board member of the National Rifle Association and a strong supporter of the Republican Party. Nugent was born the third of four siblings in Redford, Michigan,[7][8][9] and raised in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan, the son of Marion Dorothy (ne Johnson) and Warren Henry Nugent.[10][11][12] His maternal grandparents were Swedish.[13] He moved to Palatine, Illinois as a teenager, and has two brothers: John and Jeffrey, and a sister, Kathy. He attended William Fremd High School in Palatine, Illinois, then transferred after his freshman year to St. Viator High School in Arlington Heights, Illinois.[citation needed] Nugent has released more than[quantify] 34 albums and has sold a career total of 30 million records. He was known throughout his early career in the 1970s for using Fender amps, a large part of his signature sound, and for playing the hollow-body Gibson Byrdland guitar. Performing since 1958,[14] Nugent has been touring annually since 1967, averaging more than 300 shows per year (196773), 200 per year (197480), 150 (198189), 127 concerts in 1990, 162 concerts in 1991, 150 concerts in 1993, 180 in 1994, 166 in 1995, 81 in 1996, Summer Blitz ’97, ’98, Rock Never Stops ’99, and 133 concerts with KISS 2K. Nugent’s 2005 plans involved a tour with country music singer-songwriter Toby Keith, whom Nugent met in Iraq while they were both performing in USO-sponsored shows for the coalition troops.[citation needed] Nugent toured with local Detroit musician Alex Winston during the summers of 2007 and 2008.[15] On July 4, 2008, at the DTE Energy Music Theater in Clarkston, Michigan, Ted Nugent played his 6,000th concert.[14] Derek St. Holmes (original singer for the Ted Nugent band), Johnny Bee Badanjek (drummer for Mitch Ryder and The Detroit Wheels), and Nugent’s guitar teacher from 1958, Joe Podorsek, all jammed on stage with Nugent for various tunes. His first edition of the Amboy Dukes played at The Cellar, a teen dance club outside of Chicago in Arlington Heights, Illinois, starting in late 1965, while Nugent was a student at St. Viator High School. The Cellar’s “house band” at the time had been the Shadows of Knight, although the Amboy Dukes eventually became a staple until the club’s closing.[16] The Amboy Dukes’ second single was “Journey to the Center of the Mind”, which featured lyrics written by the Dukes’ second guitarist Steve Farmer. Nugent, an ardent anti-drug campaigner, has always claimed that he had no idea that this song was about drug use.[17] The Amboy Dukes (1967), Journey to the Center of the Mind (1968), Migration and Rusty Day (1969) all recorded on the Mainstream label sold moderately well. On April 5, 1968, Nugent along with a group of musicians paid tribute to Martin Luther King by having a folk, rock and blues jam session. Joni Mitchell played first, followed by Buddy Guy, Cactus, and Jimi Hendrix. Other musicians who participated were BB King and Al Kooper.[18] After settling down on a ranch in Michigan in 1973, Nugent signed a record deal with Frank Zappa’s DiscReet Records label and recorded Call of the Wild. The following year, Tooth Fang & Claw (which contained the song “Great White Buffalo”, arranged with Rob Grange) established a fan base for Nugent and the other Amboy Dukes. Personnel changes nearly wrecked the band, which became known as Ted Nugent & the Amboy Dukes. Nugent reunited with the other members of the Amboy Dukes at the 2009 Detroit Music Awards, which took place April 17, 2009. The psychedelic band received a distinguished achievement honor at the event. The Dukes also played together at the ceremony, marking their first public performance in more than 30 years.[17] Nugent dropped the Amboy Dukes band name for good in 1975, and signed to Epic Records. Derek St. Holmes (guitar, vocals), Rob Grange (bass) and Clifford Davies (drums) were the primary additional band members for his 1970s multi-platinum[19] albums: Ted Nugent (1975), Free-for-All (1976) and Cat Scratch Fever (1977). These albums produced the popular radio anthems “Hey Baby”, “Stranglehold”, “Dog Eat Dog”, and “Cat Scratch Fever”. It was during these three years that Nugent emerged as a guitar hero to hard rock fans, many of whom were unaware of his lengthy apprenticeship with the Amboy Dukes.[20] This band lineup toured extensively, also releasing the multi-platinum live album Double Live Gonzo! (1978), until its breakup in 1978 when St. Holmes and Grange departed. St. Holmes was replaced by Charlie Huhn and Grange by Dave Kiswiney. Davies left around 1982 after staying on to record Weekend Warriors (1978), State of Shock (1979), Scream Dream (1980) and Intensities in 10 Cities (1981). The “Intensities in 10 Cities” album includes the controversial song “Jailbait.”[21] On July 8, 1979, Ted was on the rock radio program King Biscuit Flower Hour. This was the original broadcast of Ted’s performance of Live at Hammersmith ’79 which had been recorded during the second set of a night at London’s Hammersmith Odeon in 1979. An album of this program was released in 1997. During this era, Nugent was notable for his declarations that he did not drink alcoholic beverages or smoke tobacco or marijuana. In an interview for VH1’s Behind The Music, Nugent said this was due to his father’s having reprimanded him when he came home smelling of alcohol after a night of drinking. Nugent has been cited as an influence on the straight edge movement, which disavows drinking and recreational drug use.[22] During the period of 198289, Nugent released a series of moderately successful solo albums. In 1989, he joined the supergroup Damn Yankees, with Jack Blades (bass/vocals, of Night Ranger), Tommy Shaw (guitar/vocals, of Styx) and Michael Cartellone (drums). Damn Yankees (1990) was a hit, going multi-platinum in the U.S., thanks in no small part to the smash hit power ballad “High Enough”. The video for this song featured Nugent in a priest’s collar, and later in a zebra-striped cape during the guitar solo. It also saw the first appearance of his ‘WhackMaster’ hat. Returning to a solo career, Nugent released Spirit of the Wild in 1995, his best-reviewed album in quite some time. The album also marked the return of Derek St. Holmes to Nugent’s studio band. A series of archival releases also came out in the 1990s, keeping Nugent’s name in the national consciousness. He also began hosting a radio show in Detroit on WWBR-FM (“102.7 The Bear, Detroit’s Rock Animal”) and took ownership in several hunting-related businesses. He created TV shows for several networks; Wanted: Ted or Alive on Versus, Ted Nugent Spirit of the Wild on PBS and The Outdoor Channel, as well as Surviving Nugent and Supergroup-Damnocracy on VH1. Ted Nugent appears on David Crowder Band’s 2007 release, Remedy, playing guitar on the song “We Won’t Be Quiet”.[23] He announced his “Trample the Weak, Hurdle the Dead” tour on April 21, 2010.[24] On March 14, 2011, Nugent released a new song, “I Still Believe”, as a free download via his website to subscribers to his news letter. Nugent says of the song: “America is a target-rich environment for an independent man addicted to logic, truth and The American Way. ‘I Still Believe’ throttles the animal spirit of rugged individualism in pure MotorCity ultra high-energy rhythm and blues and rock and roll.”[25][26] In April 2011 Nugent announced that former frontman Derek St. Holmes would be joining his band for Nugent’s I Still Believe Tour.[27] Nugent starred in his own outdoors television show, named after his popular song “Spirit of the Wild”. The song was the theme music to the TV series, in which Nugent took viewers on a variety of wild game hunts using his bow. In the series, he taught and advised hunters and “hands-on” conservationists around the world on the different aspects of hunting and politics, and informed the public on the importance of getting children away from the TV and video games and getting them out beyond the pavement in order to better their lives.[28] In one episode of Spirit of the Wild, Nugent hits a young deer with a bow. Two game wardens saw the episode, later charging Nugent with 11 misdemeanor violations of California hunting law. Nugent plead guilty to two violations.[29] In 2003, he was host of the VH1 reality television program Surviving Nugent, in which city dwellers such as model Tila Tequila moved to Nugent’s Michigan ranch in order to survive such “backwoods” activities as building an outhouse and skinning a boar. The success of the two-hour show spawned a four-part miniseries in 2004, titled Surviving Nugent: The Ted Commandments. This time it was filmed on Nugent’s ranch in China Spring, Texas. During filming, Nugent injured himself with a chainsaw, requiring 44 stitches and a leg brace. In 2003, Nugent also guested on the VH1 program Forever Wild, hosted by Sebastian Bach, former lead vocalist for the band Skid Row. They shot some firearms and walked around Nugent’s cabin in the woods. Two years later, in 2005, Nugent hosted a reality-type show, Wanted: Ted or Alive, on what was then called the OLN, or Outdoor Life Network, before it became the NBC Sports Network of the present day. In Wanted: Ted or Alive, contestants competed for money as well as for opportunities to go hunting with “Uncle Ted.” The contestants had to kill and clean their own food to survive. In 2006, he appeared on VH1’s reality show SuperGroup, with Anthrax guitarist Scott Ian, Biohazard bassist Evan Seinfeld, ex-Skid Row lead singer Sebastian Bach, and John Bonham’s son Jason Bonham, who had been the drummer for Bonham, UFO, and Foreigner. The name of the supergroup was originally FIST but later was changed to Damnocracy. Bach had lobbied for the name Savage Animal. Captured on film by VH1 was a rare Nugent duet with guitarist Joe Bonamassa at the Sand Dollar Blues Room for a 45-minute blues jam. He starred in another reality show for CMT in August 2009. The show, titled Runnin’ Wild … From Ted Nugent, featured Nugent instructing competitors in the art of survival; the competitors had to use those skills in challenges in which Nugent himself hunted them down.[30] In 2008, Nugent was a guest on the episode Southwest Road Trip Special of Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations, where he spoke against obesity and public health care.[31] Also in 2009, Nugent played guitar at The Alamo for a Tax Day Tea Party hosted by Glenn Beck and Fox News. Most notable in his set was a version of “The Star-Spangled Banner” in which he used alternate picking and whammy bar effects. The clip and sound bite of this came to be played extensively on Fox News as well as on The Glenn Beck Program. In 1976 Nugent was in the documentary Demon Lover Diary, about the making of the John Dods’ horror/comedy movie My Demon Lover. He is shown supplying real guns for the making of My Demon Lover, as the crew films at Nugent’s house. In 1986, he guest starred in an episode of the hit television show Miami Vice entitled “Definitely Miami”. Nugent played a villain. His song “Angry Young Man” was featured in the episode. His song “Little Miss Dangerous” was also featured on a Miami Vice episode of the same name, although he did not appear in the episode. In 2001, Nugent appeared as himself in a third-season episode of That ’70s Show entitled “Backstage Pass”. Donna Pinciotti (Laura Prepon), who works for radio station WFPP, obtains tickets to the upcoming Ted Nugent concert for the entire gang. Following the concert, her boss Max (Howard Hesseman) gives Donna a backstage pass to meet Nugent, where he volunteers to sit for an interview. Meanwhile, Steven Hyde (Danny Masterson) and Fez (Wilmer Valderrama) try to sell unauthorized concert t-shirts accidentally spelled Tad Nugent. Also in 2001, Nugent appeared as himself in the second episode of the short-lived university campus FOX comedy series, Undeclared. In the episode “Full Bluntal Nugety”, Nugent is a guest at the university, there to speak on his favorite topics, mainly hunting and gun control. This is where new student Steven Karp (Jay Baruchel) takes his love interest Lizzie (Carla Gallo) on their first date. Karp tries to heckle Nugent during his speech in an attempt to impress Lizzie, with disastrous results. FOX didn’t like the idea of Nugent and his political views appearing on this show, so the episode was re-shot and re-edited as “Oh, So You Have a Boyfriend?” which aired without any Ted Nugent content whatsoever. The complete “Full Bluntal Nugety (Director’s Cut)” episode is available in its entirety, in the Undeclared DVD box set, including some extra Ted Nugent scenes that had been deleted. He made a guest appearance on the cult television series Aqua Teen Hunger Force, in the episode “Gee Whiz”, on Adult Swim. Locals believe to have seen the face of Jesus in a billboard, and they mention how it looks like Ted Nugent. Throughout the episode they think it’s Jesus’ face, but at the end they discover it was in fact Nugent’s. He proceeds to shoot a flaming explosive arrow at Carl (mistaking him for a “varmint”). Ted also appeared in Seth MacFarlane’s Cavalcade of Cartoon Comedy in a sketch where he kills the Ghost of Christmas Past and serves him to guests for dinner. In 2007, Nugent appeared in the music video for Nickelback’s song “Rockstar”, and in 2008 he played a key role in the Toby Keith film Beer for My Horses as the quiet deputy named Skunk. In 2007, Nugent debated The Simpsons producer Sam Simon on the Howard Stern Show about the ethics of hunting animals. Coincidentally, Nugent would later lend his voice to an over-the-phone appearance in the season 19 episode of The Simpsons, “I Don’t Wanna Know Why the Caged Bird Sings”, where, in a humorous jab at his political stance, inmate Dwight picks up his call for voting no to the fictional Proposition 87, which bans crossbows in public schools. As part of his pre-recorded message, Nugent asks “If we outlaw crossbows in our public schools, who’s going to protect our children from charging elk?”.[32] In 2012, Nugent again appeared as himself on The Simpsons, on the episode “Politically Inept, with Homer Simpson,” in which he is nominated as a Presidential candidate for the Republican Party. Attracting attention for his outspoken statements on issues ranging from guns to biodiversity, Nugent has been a regular guest on such programs as Larry King Live, The Howard Stern Show, and Politically Incorrect. In 1978 Nugent appeared on The Midnight Special as host and a performer. In 1978 Nugent’s song “Queen of the Forest” was featured on the pilot episode of WKRP in Cincinnati as the first record the fictional radio station played upon switching formats. In 1980, Nugent appeared on Fridays as the musical guest. He performed “Paralyzed” and “Scream Dream”. He also appeared on Chicago Radio personality Jonathon Brandmeir’s short lived talk show, “Johnny B. on the Loose”. In 1991, he guest-starred on the PBS science show Newton’s Apple in a short comedic feature called Science of the Rich and Famous in which he demonstrates and explains the phenomenon of electric guitar feedback. On March 13, 2007, Nugent was interviewed on ABC’s Jimmy Kimmel Live! and performed the songs “Cat Scratch Fever” and “Rawdogs and Warhogs”. On April 15, 2009, Nugent appeared onstage with his guitar in San Antonio as part of Glenn Beck’s coverage of the Tax Day Tea Party protests on the Fox News Channel. He hosted the show with Beck, and played music for the protestors at the Alamo. He made an appearance in Guitar Hero World Tour. As part of the solo guitar career, the player engages in a guitar duel with Nugent, after which the song “Stranglehold” is unlocked and Nugent becomes available as a playable character. On July 30, 2008, Nugent was interviewed on The Alex Jones Show about his book “Ted, White, and Blue: The Nugent Manifesto” (2008).[33][34] On July 9, 2010, Nugent was again interviewed by Jones and criticized the latest policies issued by the Obama administration and the US Supreme Court concerning gun policy. He claimed that rejecting the idea of the right to self-defense being expressed in the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution, which Nugent called “gun control” policies, is most likely to destroy American society. Nugent also claimed similar policies were the cause of the downfall of every society in human history.[35] Nugent also appeared in the season 2 Penn & Teller: Bullshit! episode on P.E.T.A in 2004. In the late 1990s, Nugent began writing for various magazines. He has written for more than 20 publications and is the author of New York Times Best Seller God, Guns and Rock ‘n’ Roll (July 2000), Kill It and Grill It (2002) (co-authored with his wife, Shemane), BloodTrails II: The Truth About Bowhunting (2004), and Ted, White, and Blue: The Nugent Manifesto (2008). In 1996 Nugent joined the WWBR-FM air staff. The Ted Nugent Morning Show on 102.7 FM in Detroit was a success. He and co-host Steve Black (now host of the syndicated radio show Chop Shop and Chop Shop Classic) often shocked Detroit with their opinions. Nugent is a fan of the Detroit Red Wings in hockey, Detroit Pistons in basketball, Detroit Lions in football, and Detroit Tigers in baseball.[36] He wore a Pistons shirt in the Damn Yankees music video for “Come Again”. In a 1977 High Times article, Nugent stated that he took crystal meth and defecated in his pants in order to avoid being drafted into the Vietnam War.[37] Nugent reaffirmed this in a 1990 interview with Detroit Free Press, stating that “a week before his physical, he stopped using the bathroom altogether, virtually living inside his pants caked with excrement and urine”.[38] In other interviews, Nugent has denied this claim, stating that he dodged the draft by enrolling at Oakland Community College to get a student deferment. However, his Selective Service classification record shows ratings of 1-Y and 4-F for 1969 and 1972 respectively, indicating ineligibility for military service under established physical, mental, or moral standards, rather than student deferment.[39] Nugent suffers from hearing loss.[40] He said in a 2007 interview: “The ear’s not too good, especially with background noise, but that’s a small price to pay. Believe me the journey was worth it.”[41] Nugent has been married twice and has five children. In the late 1960s, prior to his first marriage, Nugent fathered a boy, Ted (Mann) and a girl, whom he gave up for adoption in infancy. This did not become public knowledge until 2010. The siblings were adopted separately and had no contact with one another. The son learned the identity of his birth father in 2010 through the daughter’s quest to make contact with him and their birth parents. According to a news report, over the years Nugent had discussed the existence of these children with his other children.[42] He was married to his first wife, Sandra Jezowski, from 1970 to 1979. They had two children, son Theodore Tobias “Toby” Nugent and daughter Sasha Nugent. Sandra died in a car crash in 1982. His second marriage is to Shemane Deziel, whom he met while a guest on Detroit’s WLLZ-FM, where she was a member of the news staff. They married on January 21, 1989. Together they have one child, son Rocco Winchester Nugent. In 1978, Nugent began a relationship with seventeen-year-old Hawaii native Pele Massa. Due to the age difference, they could not marry so Nugent joined Massa’s parents in signing documents to make himself her legal guardian, an arrangement that Spin magazine ranked in October 2000 as #63 on their list of the “100 Sleaziest Moments in Rock”.[43][44] Since the 1970s Nugent has promoted anti-drug and anti-alcohol stances. He has been cited as a key influence on the straight edge movement, a punk rock-associated lifestyle that developed in the early 1980s and discourages drug and alcohol use. Henry Rollins, vocalist for Black Flag, reports that he and friend Ian MacKaye (vocalist for Minor Threat and writer of the song “Straight Edge” that gave the movement its name) were inspired by Nugent during their high school years in the 1970s when he was the only major rock star to publicly eschew drug use: “[We] would read about the Nuge and the thing that really rubbed off on us was the fact that he didn’t drink or smoke or do drugs … [Nugent’s performance] was the craziest thing we’d ever seen onstage and here’s this guy saying, ‘I don’t get high.’ We thought that was so impressive.”[45] Nugent is a national spokesman for the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program,[46] advocating the “natural highs” to be found in an outdoor lifestyle.[citation needed] In 2015, however, Nugent declared his support for the legalization of marijuana for medical use.[47] Nugent is an advocate of the right to bear arms. When interviewed by Texas Monthly editor Evan Smith in season 5 of TexasMonthlyTalks he said, “I would rather that [a victim of violent crime] in Massachusetts last month who was taking her daughter to soccer when they were carjacked by a recidivist maggot, who had been in the prison system all his life but was let out again because we feel sorry for him, maybe he had a bad childhood. Instead of her being hijacked and murdered, I’d rather she just shot the bastard dead… But in Massachusetts, somebody decided she can’t do that. So she’s dead. I would rather she was alive and the carjacker was dead.”[48] Nugent currently serves on the Board of Directors of the National Rifle Association (NRA).[49][50] In 2016, Nugent posted an image on his Facebook page implying that Jews were responsible for gun control.[51] Nugent’s antisemitic rant sparked outrage and gun owners called for his NRA resignation.[52] Nugent, an opponent of animal rights, said in a long interview, “I’m stymied to come up with anything funnier than people who think animals have rights. Just stick an arrow through their lungs.”[53] In 2000, Bhaskar Sinha was jailed briefly following an incident outside a department store in San Francisco in which he threatened and physically assaulted Nugent, who in turn took Sinha into custody until San Francisco Police arrived and arrested the protester. However, protesters claim that Nugent started the altercation by spitting in the face of one of the protester when offered an anti-fur flyer. A San Francisco police officer who said he was on the scene, stated he didn’t believe Nugent spit on anyone.[54] Nugent has reported receiving death threats against him and his family from animal rights activists. On the Penn & Teller’s Bullshit! episode about People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), Nugent claimed, “We’ve got reports and files with law enforcement across America where the animal rights extremists are on record threatening to kill my children on the way to school because we eat pheasant.” In 2006, he stated in an interview that “anyone who thinks hunting is terrible can kiss my ass.”[55] In a 1992 radio interview, Nugent referred to Heidi Prescott of the Fund for Animals as a “worthless whore” and a “shallow slut,” asking “who needs to club a seal, when you can club Heidi?” He was ordered by a court to pay Prescott $75,000.[56] Nugent defended Kid Rock, a fellow rocker and hunter, when he killed a mountain lion in January 2015, calling the people who targeted Rock “braindead squawkers” and that Rock did good by keeping predator numbers low and helping the deer population, which is vital for hunting.[57] In July 2015, Nugent was one of the few to defend the killing of Cecil the lion.[58] Nugent owns a 340-acre hunting ranch near Jackson, Michigan, called Sunrize Acres.[59] Anti-hunters claim this fenced facility offers “canned” hunts. Nugent has said, “I understand the criticism from those who say canned hunting violates the ethic of fair chase”, though he still operates the facility, and refers to it as “high fence hunting”. Nugent was interviewed in October 2011 by Field & Stream magazine regarding “canned” hunts.[60] In April 2012, Nugent pleaded guilty to illegally killing and transporting an American black bear in Alaska.[61] His sentence included two years of probation, a prohibition on hunting and fishing in Alaska and on any U.S. Forest Service lands for one year, and a fine of $10,000, and he was required to produce and broadcast at his own expense a 30-60 second Public Service Announcement (PSA) on the responsibilities of hunters.[62][63] In an interview in 1990, a few months after the release of Nelson Mandela during the negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa, Nugent stated: “apartheid isn’t that cut-and-dry. All men are not created equal.” He described black South Africans as “a different breed of man” who “still put bones in their noses, they still walk around naked, they wipe their butts with their hands”.[64][65] Nugent is a vocal supporter of the U.S. Republican Party and various associated conservative causes, particularly gun rights and hunter’s rights.[66] He is known for his outspoken political statements: At a concert on August 21, 2007, Nugent made indecent and obscene comments about Democratic Party presidential aspirants Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton and California’s senators Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein[citation needed]. He complained, “Obama’s a piece of shit, and I told him to suck on my machine gun.”[67][68] Referring to Michigan governor Jennifer Granholm (in office 2003-11), during performances he would frequently interject “Jennifer Granholm, kiss my ass” into his songs, and shoot an arrow at her likeness. In a 2007 interview, in discussing running for governor of Michigan, he stated that Granholm “is not doing an ugly job, but as the perfect woman, she is scrotumless”.[69] Although Nugent has never run for government office, in the 2000s, he publicly speculated about doing so on several occasions. In May 2005, he announced he was “getting real close to deciding to run” for governor of Michigan in 2006, while in 2007, he talked about running for that office in 2010. During the latter period, he stated, “Michigan was once a great state. Michigan was a state that rewarded the entrepreneur and the most productive, work-ethic families of the state. Now the pimps and the whores and the welfare brats are basically the state’s babies.”[41] Earlier, Nugent had been rumored to be under consideration by the Illinois Republican Party as its candidate in that state’s 2004 Senate race, given his roots in Palatine, Illinois.[70] In May 2007, Nugent criticized rap metal band Rage Against the Machine after singer Zach de la Rocha’s onstage proclamation at the 2007 Coachella festival that the “current administration . . . should be hung and tried and shot.” Nugent appeared on the Hannity & Colmes program on Fox News and said “We’ve disagreed with a lot of administrations in the past, but none of our rhetoric included threatening lives, these guys are over the top, but they’re the lunatic fringe that even your average Democrat and liberal doesn’t agree with. But unfortunately, nobody is silencing these guys or not necessarily silencing, but condemning this outrageous violence that they’re recommending.”[71] Critics cited this as hypocritical, given his many aggressive and controversial political statements and described him as a conservative extremist.[67][72] In July 2008, Nugent declared “I was serious when I threatened to run for office in the past if I cannot find a candidate who respects the U.S. Constitution and our sacred Bill of Rights.”[73] When asked by Imagineer magazine in a 2010 interview about what he would do if elected to political office, he responded: “Slash the living hell out of the waste and corruption and the outrageous army of do-nothing bureaucrats. I would fire every government worker whose job I would deem to be redundant and wasteful. No able-bodied human being would ever get a handout again.”[74] On July 17, 2008, during the presidential election season and shortly before the Republican presidential nominating convention, Nugent expressed his skepticism about presumptive GOP Presidential nominee John McCain, stating that McCain was “catering to a growing segment of soulless Americans who care less what they can do for their country, but whine louder and louder about what their country must do for them. That is both un-American and pathetic.”[75] He was a weekly contributor to the newspaper, the Waco Tribune-Herald until 2009.[76] He has been a special deputy sheriff in Lake County, Michigan, since 1982, and has also been a reserve deputy constable in McLennan County, Texas. At a 2009 West Virginia rally sponsored in part by Massey Energy, Nugent “defended mountaintop removal mining,” according to reporters on the scene. “On behalf of the Nugent family, I say, start up the bulldozers and get me some more coal, Massey,” Nugent was recorded as saying.[77] Nugent is an outspoken critic of Islam, which he describes as a “voodoo religion” which “believes in world domination”.[78] During an interview with Piers Morgan, Nugent denied that he considered himself homophobic, saying “Im repulsed at the concept of man-on-man sex, I think it’s against nature. I think its strange as hell, but if thats what you are, I love you. I’m not going to judge another’s morals. I say live and let live. I have friends that are gay.”[79][80] As a reward for entertaining U.S. troops in Iraq in 2004, he visited Saddam Hussein’s war room. “It was a glorious moment. It looked like something out of Star Wars. I saw his gold toilet. I shat in his bidet.”[81] Nugent also said: “Our failure has been not to Nagasaki them.”[81] At a Republican event in February 2012, Nugent said, “The whole world sucks, but America still sucks less,” followed by, “But with this administration, we are catching up.”[82] On April 17, 2012, in a Romney stump speech at the 2012 NRA Convention in St. Louis, Nugent said, “If Barack Obama becomes the president in November, again, I will either be dead or in jail by this time next year.”[83] Nugent received a visit from the Secret Service for these remarks.[84] Following these comments, commanders at Fort Knox opted not to allow him to perform at a previously scheduled event with REO Speedwagon and Styx.[85] On February 12, 2013, Nugent attended the State of the Union address given by President Obama. He was the guest of U.S. Representative Steve Stockman of Texas’s 36th congressional district.[86] In a July 2013 interview with The Washington Post, Nugent expressed interest in possibly running for President of the United States as a Republican in the 2016 election.[87] He never sought the office. In a January 2014 interview at a Las Vegas hunting and outdoor trade show, recorded by Guns.com, Nugent was recorded stating, “I have obviously failed to galvanize and prod, if not shame enough Americans to be ever vigilant not to let a Chicago communist-raised, communist-educated, communist-nurtured subhuman mongrel like the ACORN community organizer gangster Barack Hussein Obama to weasel his way into the top office of authority in the United States of America”.[88] After being chastised by Rand Paul, Nugent apologized for his “subhuman mongrel” statement.[89] However, when asked in April 2017 if he regretted his comments about Obama, he replied “No! I will never apologize for calling out evil people”[90] In February 2014, Nugent endorsed Greg Abbott, the Attorney General of Texas, in March 4 Republican primary election to succeed retiring Texas Governor Rick Perry. Abbott criticized Ted Nugent’s infamous “subhuman mongrel” comment directed at President Barack Obama by saying “This is not the kind of language I would use or endorse in any way. It’s time to move beyond this, and I will continue to focus on the issues that matter to Texans.”[91] Nugent clashed in 2014 with Jay Dean, then the mayor of Longview, Texas, and an incoming Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives after Dean moved to cancel Nugent’s scheduled appearance at the Longview Independence Day concert. Dean said that he finds Nugent’s music unsuitable for family-oriented audiences on July 4. Longview hence paid Nugent $16,000, half of the amount he had been promised, to drop him from the concert. Nugent in turn called Dean “racist” and “clueless, dishonest, and one of the bad guys.”[92] In a blog post published in July 2015, he praised Donald Trump’s presidential candidacy and called for Trump to be given the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[93] In February 2016, Ted Nugent praised Ted Cruz, stating “My dream would be if Ted Cruz became president tonight. I really admire Ted Cruz, on many levels.”[94][95] Nugent later endorsed Donald Trump, and during the last week of the U.S. presidential election campaign performed at a number of Trump rallies in Michigan, including Trump’s final campaign rally in Grand Rapids. Nugent’s ultraconservative politics have prompted feuds with other musicians.[96] These include Paul McCartney[97] and David Crosby.[96] Current members Former members Solo Damn Yankees

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Cary Grant – IMDb

Nominated for 2 Oscars. Another 10 wins & 18 nominations. See more awards Known For (1959) (1963) (1955) (1944) Alternate Names: Mr. Cary Grant | Archibald Leach Height:6’1″(1.87m)

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Slideshows – KLTV.com – Tyler, Longview, Jacksonville |ETX …

El Arroyo Restaurant in Austin is well known for more than just their delicious Tex-Mex cuisine and margaritas; they’ve become known for these funny, sarcastic, and pun-filled signs, as well. They were kind enough to share some of them with us. El Arroyo Restaurant in Austin is well known for more than just their delicious Tex-Mex cuisine and margaritas; they’ve become known for these funny, sarcastic, and pun-filled signs, as well. They were kind enough to share some of them with us.

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Israel – Conservapedia

The State of Israel (Hebrew: , Medinat Yisra’el from Yisra’el, “Struggled with God”) is a nation located in the Middle East. It is the world’s only Jewish state, having emerged from Zionism in Europe and the U.S. in the 1880s-1940s. It grants citizenship to anybody considered to be Jewish, although this does not apply to anyone suspected or convicted of serious crimes or who the state otherwise considers a serious threat to its welfare. It also contains Arab Muslim and Arab Christian minorities who are remnants of the pre-1948 Arab majority, along with a small Druze community. It is the location of most Biblical events. Israel occupies an area along the eastern Mediterranean Sea, with Jordan and Syria to the east; Lebanon on the north; and Egypt to the south. The territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip are currently controlled by Israel, but disputed. The terrain varies from a temperate, coastal climate to desert conditions. Israel shares with Jordan the shoreline of the Dead Sea, at 1,378 feet below sea level. Of the approximately 6.43 million Israelis in 2007 about 76% were counted as Jewish, though some of those are not considered Jewish under Orthodox Jewish law. Since 1989, nearly a million immigrants from the former Soviet Union have arrived in Israel, making this the largest wave of immigration since independence. In addition, an estimated 105,000 members of the Ethiopian Jewish community have immigrated to Israel, 14,000 of them during the dramatic May 1991 Operation Solomon airlift. 32.9% of Israelis were born outside of Israel. The three broad Jewish groupings are the Ashkenazim, or Jews who trace their ancestry to Central Europe; the Sephardim, who trace their origin to Spain, Portugal, southern Europe, and North Africa; and Eastern or Oriental Jews, who descend from ancient communities in Islamic lands. Of the non-Jewish population, about 68% are Muslims, about 9% are Christian, and about 7% are Druze. Education is compulsory from age 6 to 16 and is free up to age 18. The school system is organized into kindergartens, 6-year primary schools, 3-year junior secondary schools, and 3-year senior secondary schools, after which a comprehensive examination is offered for university admissions. There are seven university-level institutions in Israel, a number of regional colleges, and an Open University program. The majority of families in Israel – Jewish and Arab – send their children to segregated schools. This segregation poses a distinct problem, tending to promote rival viewpoints and attitudes that become ripe for exploitation by proponents of violence. Within Israel, the schools of the minority Arab population become incubators for resentment and hostility, while the schools of the majority Jewish population tend to reinforce a sense of insulation from the concerns of others.[1] With a population drawn from more than 100 countries on 5 continents, Israeli society is rich in cultural diversity and artistic creativity. The arts are actively encouraged and supported by the government. The first Jewish artist on record was named Bezalel, an architect, sculptor and designer of holy garments best known for purportedly making the Tabernacle that contained the Ark of the Covenant.[2] The Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra performs throughout the country and frequently tours abroad. The Jerusalem Symphony and the New Israel Opera also tour frequently, as do other musical ensembles. Almost every municipality has a chamber orchestra or ensemble, many boasting the talents of gifted performers from the countries of the former Soviet Union. Israel has several professional ballet and modern dance companies, and folk dancing, which draws upon the cultural heritage of many immigrant groups, continues to be very popular. There is great public interest in the theater; the repertoire covers the entire range of classical and contemporary drama in translation as well as plays by Israeli authors. Of the three major repertory companies, the most famous, Habimah, was founded in 1917. Active artist colonies thrive in Safed, Jaffa, and Ein Hod, and Israeli painters and sculptors exhibit works worldwide. Israel boasts more than 120 museums, including the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, which houses the Dead Sea Scrolls along with an extensive collection of regional archaeological artifacts, art, and Jewish religious and folk exhibits. Israelis are avid newspaper readers, with more than 90% of Israeli adults reading a newspaper at least once a week. Major daily papers are in Hebrew; others are in Arabic, English, French, Polish, Yiddish, Russian, Hungarian, and German. Israel is a parliamentary democracy with a governmental system based on several basic laws enacted by its unicameral parliament, the Knesset. The president (chief of state) is elected by the Knesset for a 5-year term. The prime minister (head of government) exercises executive power and has in the past been selected by the president as the party leader most able to form a government. Between May 1996 and March 2001, Israelis voted for the prime minister directly. (The legislation, which required the direct election of the prime minister, was rescinded by the Knesset in March 2001.) The members of the cabinet must be collectively approved by the Knesset. The Knesset’s 120 members are elected by secret ballot to 4-year terms, although the prime minister may decide to call for new elections before the end of the 4-year term. Voting is for party lists rather than for individual candidates, and the total number of seats assigned each party reflects that party’s percentage of the vote. Successful Knesset candidates are drawn from the lists in order of party-assigned rank. Under the present electoral system, all members of the Knesset are elected at large. The independent judicial system includes secular and religious courts. The courts’ right of judicial review of the Knesset’s legislation is limited. Judicial interpretation is restricted to problems of execution of laws and validity of subsidiary legislation. The highest court in Israel is the Supreme Court, whose judges are approved by the President. Israel is divided into six districts, administration of which is coordinated by the Ministry of Interior. The Ministry of Defense is responsible for the administration of the occupied territories. From the founding of the modern state of Israel in 1948 until the election of May 1977 Israel was ruled by successive coalition governments led by the Labor alignment or its constituent parties. From 1967-70 the coalition government included all of Israel’s parties except the communist party. After the 1977 election the Likud bloc, then composed of Herut, the Liberals, and the smaller La’am Party, came to power forming a coalition with the National Religious Party, Agudat Israel, and others. As head of Likud, Menachem Begin became Prime Minister. The Likud retained power in the succeeding election in June 1981, and Begin remained Prime Minister. In the summer of 1983, Begin resigned and was succeeded by his Foreign Minister, Yitzhak Shamir. After Prime Minister Shamir lost a Knesset vote of confidence early in 1984, new elections in July provided no clear winner, with both Labor and Likud considerably short of a Knesset majority and unable to form even narrow coalitions. After several weeks of difficult negotiations, they agreed on a government of national unity, including the rotation of the office of Prime Minister and the combined office of Vice Prime Minister and Foreign Minister midway through the government’s 50-month term. During the first 25 months of unity government rule, Labor’s Shimon Peres served as Prime Minister, while Likud’s Shamir held the posts of Vice Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, until they switched positions in October 1986. In November 1988 elections, Likud edged Labor out by one seat but was unable to form a coalition, producing another national unity government in January 1989. Yitzhak Shamir became Prime Minister, and Shimon Peres became Vice Prime Minister and Finance Minister. This government fell in March 1990, however, in a vote of no confidence precipitated by disagreement over the government’s response to U.S. Secretary of State Baker’s initiative in the peace process. Labor Party leader Peres was unable to attract sufficient support among the religious parties to form a government. Yitzhak Shamir then formed a Likud-led coalition government, including members from religious and right-wing parties. Shamir’s government took office in June 1990, and held power for 2 years. In the June 1992 national elections, the Labor Party reversed its electoral fortunes, taking 44 seats. Labor Party leader Yitzhak Rabin formed a coalition with Meretz (a leftist party) and Shas (an ultra-Orthodox religious party). The coalition included the support of two Arab-majority parties. Rabin became Prime Minister in July 1992, presiding over the signing of the Oslo accords with the Palestine Liberation Organization. However, Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Jewish radical on November 4, 1995. Peres, then Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, once again became Prime Minister and immediately proceeded to carry forward the peace policies of the Rabin government and to implement Israel’s Oslo commitments, including military redeployment in the West Bank and the holding of historic Palestinian elections on January 20, 1996. Enjoying broad public support and anxious to secure his own mandate, Peres called for early elections after just 3 months in office. (They would have otherwise been held by the end of October 1996.) In late February and early March, a series of suicide bombing attacks by Palestinian terrorists took some 60 Israeli lives, seriously eroding public support for Peres and raising concerns about the peace process. Increased fighting in southern Lebanon, which also brought Katyusha rocket attacks against northern Israel, also raised tensions and weakened the government politically a month before the May 29 elections. In those electionsthe first direct election of a Prime Minister in Israeli historyLikud leader Binyamin Netanyahu won by a narrow margin, having sharply criticized the government’s peace policies for failing to protect Israeli security. Netanyahu subsequently formed a right-wing coalition government publicly committed to pursuing the peace process, but with an emphasis on security and reciprocity. In 1999, with a shrunken coalition and facing increasing difficulty passing legislation and defeating no-confidence motions, Netanyahu dissolved parliament and called for new elections. This time, the Labor candidateEhud Barakwas victorious. Barak formed a mixed coalition government of secular and religious parties, with Likud in the opposition. In May 2000, Barak fulfilled one of his major campaign promises by withdrawing Israeli forces from Southern Lebanon. However, by mid-autumn, with the breakdown of the Camp David talks and the worsening security situation caused by the new intifada, Barak’s coalition was in jeopardy. In December, he resigned as Prime Minister, precipitating a new prime ministerial election. In a special election on February 6, 2001, after a campaign stressing security and the maintenance of Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem, Likud leader Ariel Sharon defeated Barak by over 20 percentage points. As he had promised in his campaign, Sharon formed a broad unity government that included the Labor and Likud parties, the far-right parties, some smaller secular parties, and several religious parties. The unity government collapsed in late 2002, and new elections were held in January 2003. Sharon again won, and formed a new government consisting of his own Likud party, the right-wing National Religious Party and National Union party, and centrist Shinui. The summer of 2004 saw renewed instability in the government, as disagreement over the Gaza disengagement plan resulted in Sharon’s firing two ministers of the National Union Party and accepting the resignation of a third from the National Religious Party in order to secure cabinet approval of the plan (it was endorsed on June 6, 2004). Continuing divisions within the Likud on next steps then prompted Ariel Sharon to leave the party in November 2005 to form the Kadima (“Forward”) party and call new elections for March 2006. However, Sharon was unexpectedly incapacitated in January 2006 due to a severe stroke and leadership of Kadima shifted to Acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, who on March 28 led the party to 29 seats in the Knesset. Labor came in second with 19 seats, and Shas and Likud tied with 12. After intensive coalition negotiations, a new, Kadima-led government, with Labor as “senior partner”, was sworn in on May 4, 2006. In addition to seeking an end to hostilities with Arab forces, against which it has fought five wars since 1948, Israel has given high priority to gaining wide acceptance as a sovereign state with an important international role. Before 1967, Israel had established diplomatic relations with a majority of the world’s nations, except for the Arab states and most other Muslim countries. UN Security Council resolutions provided the basis for cease-fire and disengagement agreements concerning the Sinai and the Golan Heights between Israel, Egypt, and Syria and for promoting the Camp David accords and the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty. The Soviet Union and the communist states of Central Europe (except Romania) broke diplomatic relations with Israel during the 1967 war, but those relations were restored by 1991. The landmark October 1991 Madrid conference recognized the importance of Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 in resolving regional disputes, and brought together for the first time Israel, the Palestinians, and the neighboring Arab countries, launching a series of direct bilateral and multilateral negotiations. These talks were designed to finally resolve outstanding security, border, and other issues between the parties while providing a basis for mutual cooperation on issues of general concern, including the status of refugees, arms control and regional security, water and environmental concerns, and economic development. Today, Israel has diplomatic relations with 161 states. Following the signing of the Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on September 13, 1993, Israel established or renewed diplomatic relations with 36 countries. Israel has full diplomatic relations with Egypt, Jordan, and Mauritania. In addition, on October 1, 1994, the Gulf States publicly announced their support for a review of the Arab boycott, in effect abolishing the secondary and tertiary boycotts against Israel. Israel has diplomatic relations with nine non-Arab Muslim states and with 32 of the 43 Sub-Saharan states that are not members of the Arab League. Israel established relations with China and India in 1992 and with the Holy See in 1993. Commitment to Israel’s security and well being has been a cornerstone of U.S. policy in the Middle East since Israel’s founding in 1948, in which the United States played a key supporting role. Israel and the United States are bound closely by historic and cultural ties as well as by mutual interests. Continuing U.S. economic and security assistance to Israel acknowledges these ties and signals U.S. commitment. The broad issues of Arab-Israeli peace have been a major focus in the U.S.-Israeli relationship. U.S. efforts to reach a Middle East peace settlement are based on many critical security interests. The United State’s strong national security interests in promoting regional security in the Middle East and curtailing acts of terrorism both in Israel and abroad are supported in part by UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338. As one of the most technologically advanced countries in the world, the United States also has a strong interest in promoting Israel’s economic success. On a bilateral level, relations between the United States and Israel are continually strengthening in every field. In addition to the Joint Political-Military Group described above, there are: bilateral science and technology efforts (including the Binational Science Foundation and the Binational Agricultural Research and Development Foundation); the U.S.-Israeli Education Foundation, which sponsors educational and cultural programs; the Joint Economic Development Group, which maintains a high-level dialogue on economic issues; the Joint Counterterrorism Group, designed to enhance cooperation in fighting terrorism; and a high-level Strategic Dialogue that meets biannually. On December 6, 2017, President Donald Trump announced the United States would finally recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and that the U.S. Embassy would be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Israel’s ground, air, and naval forces, known as the Israel Defense Force (IDF), fall under the command of a single general staff. Conscription is universal for Israeli men and women over the age of 18, although exemptions may be made on religious grounds. Druze, members of a small Islamic offshoot living in Israel’s mountains, also serve in the IDF. Israeli Arabs, with the exception of some Bedouins, do not serve. During 1950-66, Israel spent an average of 9% of GDP on defense. Real defense expenditures increased dramatically after both the 1967 and 1973 wars. Military spending in 2005 totaled $9.45 billion, which is equivalent to 7.7% of GDP, and represents 16.3% of government expenditures. The United States provides approximately $2.4 billion per year in security assistance. In 1983, the United States and Israel established the Joint Political Military Group, which meets twice a year. Both the U.S. and Israel participate in joint military planning and combined exercises, and have collaborated on military research and weapons development. Israel has a diversified, technologically advanced economy with substantial but decreasing government ownership and a strong high-tech sector. The major industrial sectors include high-technology electronic and biomedical equipment, metal products, processed foods, chemicals, and transport equipment. Israel possesses a substantial service sector and is one of the world’s centers for diamond cutting and polishing. It also is a world leader in software development and, prior to the violence that began in September 2000, was a major tourist destination. Israel’s strong commitment to economic development and its talented work force led to economic growth rates during the nation’s first two decades that frequently exceeded 10% annually. The years after the 1973 Yom Kippur War were a lost decade economically, as growth stalled and inflation reached triple-digit levels. The successful economic stabilization plan implemented in 1985 and the subsequent introduction of market-oriented structural reforms reinvigorated the economy and paved the way for rapid growth in the 1990s. A wave of Jewish immigration beginning in 1989, predominantly from the countries of the former U.S.S.R., brought nearly a million new citizens to Israel. These new immigrants, many of them highly educated, now constitute some 13% of Israel’s 6.7 million inhabitants. Their successful absorption into Israeli society and its labor force forms a remarkable chapter in Israeli history. The skills brought by the new immigrants and their added demand as consumers gave the Israeli economy a strong upward push and in the 1990s, they played a key role in the ongoing development of Israel’s high-tech sector. During the 1990s, progress in the Middle East peace process, beginning with the Madrid Conference of 1991, helped to reduce Israel’s economic isolation from its neighbors and opened up new markets to Israeli exporters farther afield. The peace process stimulated an unprecedented inflow of foreign investment in Israel, and provided a substantial boost to economic growth in the region over the last decade. The onset of the intifada beginning at the end of September 2000, the downturn in the high-tech sector and Nasdaq crisis, and the slowdown of the global economy have all significantly affected the Israeli economy. However, despite the recent conflicts in Gaza and Lebanon, the Israeli economy grew during 2006. Israeli companies, particularly in the high-tech area, have in the past enjoyed considerable success raising money on Wall Street and other world financial markets; Israel ranks second to Canada among foreign countries in the number of its companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges. Israel’s tech market is very developed, and in spite of the pause in the industry’s growth, the high-tech sector is likely to be the major driver of the Israeli economy. Almost half of Israel’s exports are high tech. Most leading players, including Intel, IBM, and Cisco have a presence in Israel. Growth was an exceptional 6.2% in 2000, due in part to a number of one-time high tech acquisitions and investments. This exceptional year was followed by two years of negative growth of -0.9% and -1%, respectively, in 2001 and 2002. As a result of the security situation and the associated downturn in the economy, there was a significant rise in unemployment and wage erosion. This led to a decline in private consumption in 2002, the first time that there had been negative private consumption since the early 1980s. However, following growth rates of 1.7% in 2003 and 4.4% in 2004, the Israeli economy entered into a period of stabilization and recovery after the deep recession of 2001 and 2002. Since then, the Israeli economy seems to have returned to a trend of consistent growth. The Israeli economy grew by 5.2% in 2005 and GDP per capita (U.S. $17,800) increased by 3.3%. The Israeli economy grew by an estimated 4.8% in 2006. Exports of goods and services in Israel grew by 7% in 2005. Service and agricultural exports each increased by more than 10% in 2005, whereas exports increased by 5.6% and imports rose to 4.4%. Israel Tourism revenues increased by 22.7% as a result of the dramatic increase following the intifada’s subsidence. Israel’s private consumption increased by 4% in 2005. The largest growth in private consumption was in the purchase of clothing, footwear, and personal effects, which increased by 10.2%, following an increase of 5.4% in 2004. Consumption of consumer durables grew much more slowly than in 2004, with an increase of only 3.4%, compared with 14.3% the previous year. In the Israeli business sector, business GDP grew by 6.6% in 2005. According to CBS statistics, the transportation, storage, and communications industries grew by 9.2%, following growth of 6.6% in 2004. The GDP of the wholesale, retail, restaurant, and hotel sector increased by 8.1%, up from 6.1% in 2004. The GDP of the finance and business services sector in 2005 increased by 6.4%, up from the previous year’s 6.1% growth rate. The general consensus among economists is that Israel’s economy is very strong and that its growth potential is in the 4% to 5% range. The United States is Israel’s largest trading partner. In 2005, two-way trade totaled some $26.6 billion, up 12% from 2004. The U.S. trade deficit with Israel was $7.1 billion in 2005, up 33% from 2004, due largely to rising Israeli exports to the U.S. U.S. exports to Israel rose 6.1% in 2005 to $9.7 billion, making Israel our 19th largest export market for goods. The principal goods exported from the U.S. include civilian aircraft parts, telecommunications equipment, semiconductors, civilian aircraft, electrical apparatus, and computer accessories. Israel’s chief exports to the U.S. include diamonds, pharmaceutical preparations, telecommunications equipment, medicinal equipment, electrical apparatus, and cotton apparel. The two countries signed a free trade agreement (FTA) in 1985 that progressively eliminated tariffs on most goods traded between the two countries over the following 10 years. An agricultural trade accord signed in November 1996 addressed the remaining goods not covered in the FTA but has not entirely erased barriers to trade in the agricultural sector. Israel also has trade and cooperation agreements in place with the European Union, Canada, Mexico, and other countries. Best prospect industry sectors in Israel for U.S. exporters are electricity and gas equipment, defense equipment, medical instruments and disposable products, industrial chemicals, telecommunication equipment, electronic components, building materials/construction industries (DIY and infrastructure), safety and security equipment and services, non-prescription drugs, travel and tourism services, and computer software. The name Israel refers to Jacob from the Bible, the father of the Jews who would eventually create the kingdom of Israel. (See the Book of Genesis in the Bible.) Jacob’s descendants were numerous, but were put under bondage in Egypt. The first attempt at forming a nation dates back to the migration or Exodus of Israel out of Egypt after being freed from their slavery. (See the Book of Exodus in the Bible). While the exact date is not known, the most likely scenario is in the 1400s B.C. After 40 years of wandering, the Hebrews attempted to settle in the land of Canaan, after first having to fight battles with the inhabitants. (See the Book of Joshua in the Bible). The Jewish people lived for hundreds of years under Judges (See the Book of Judges in the Bible) before forming a monarchy under their first King, Saul in 1050 B.C. Israel expanded under David from 1010 to 970 B.C. and then reached its height under Solomon from 970 to 930 B.C. With the death of Solomon the united kingdom of Israel split in two with the tribes of Judah and Benjamin forming their own nation, Judah. (See I Samuel, II Samuel, I Kings, I Chronicles in the Bible) The first King of Israel was Jeroboam I, who made his capital at Shechem until it was replaced by Samaria under Omri. Almost immediately the Israeli kings “did evil in the sight of the Lord” and turned away from the Lord God. Although they were larger and more powerful than Judah, they fell more quickly due to their apostacy. Israel continued being ruled by kings until its conquest by Assyria in 722 B.C. Judah had a number of kings who did what was right in God’s sight, but eventually they too were turning away. They continued as an independent nation until 586 B.C. when they fell to the Babylonians. Both of these conquests led to many Jews being deported from the land of Israel. While under Persian rule after the Babylonians had fallen to the Persians, the Jews were allowed to return and rebuild their temple (520 – 516 B.C.)[3] In the 400’s B.C. they began to return to God as well, showing a reverence for Him that was often lacking during the time they had their own kingdom. Still under Persian rule and with their blessing, Nehemiah came to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem, a position that was bitterly opposed by the other peoples living on the land. The Jews had to stand guard as they built. When Alexander the Great swept through Israel in 332 B.C., Persian rule had ended to be replaced by Greek. Upon Alexander’s death in 323 B.C. there was a fight for power among his generals and subordinates, which led to Israel coming under control of the Ptolemies, the Greek leaders of Egypt. The Jews were treated leniently until the Seleucids, the Greek leaders of Syria, pushed back the Ptolemies and took over Israel in 198 B.C. The Seleucids were not as lenient and under Antiochus IV (175 to 164 B.C.) conditions worsened considerably. In 168 B.C. Judaism was declared to be illegal and a pig was sacrified on the altar of the Jewish temple; the Jews revolted under the Maccabees and fought a prolonged guerrilla war until their eventual religious independence in 164 B.C. Complete acknowledgement of independence from the Seleucids didn’t come until 142 B.C. when Roman pressure helped them to make the decision to let Israel go. This independence would last until 63 B.C., when infighting caused the Jews to ask for Roman intervention. Rome stopped the fighting, but Israel came under Roman rule as the province of Palestine. The Jewish people would not have their independence again for over 2000 years. It was under this state of Roman control that Jesus was born around 4 B.C. Three revolts against Roman rule by the Jews, the first in 66 A.D., the next in 115 A.D., and the last in 132 A.D. took place, and failed. After the failure of the third, the Romans forced the Jews to leave Israel thus beginning the diaspora, the dispersal of the Jews from the land of Palestine. By the fifth century the inhabitants of the region were Christianized, under the Byzantine Empire, a situation which continued until the Arab invasions of the 7th and 8th centuries. The Arabs brought with them the Islamic faith which, due to its many similarities with Christianity and Judaism and the social advantages it brought, was gradually adopted by the population. However, Jewish and Christian citizens continued to live in the region, in relative peace, until the Crusades. The Crusades saw part of the Holy Lands reconquered from Islam in the name of Christianity. The Crusader states were temporary before being conquered by Islam again with the fall of the last Crusader state in 1290. First the Mamelukes controlled the area, then starting in the early 1500s, the Ottoman Turks conquered the region. World War I saw a British victory over the Ottoman’s and the region came under British mandate of Palestine in 1920. The British and late Ottoman authorities permitted the resettlement of Jews from Europe, many of them looking to establish a Jewish state in the region, part of a movement called Zionism. In the last years of British mandate the number and strength of the Jews in Palestine increased, with many adopting extremely radical tactics to achieve their goal of an independent Jewish state. Terrorist organizations such as Irgun and Lehi attacked British and Arab targets, killing civilians in the process. Britain’s occupation became too expensive and they handed control to the United Nations to sort out a solution. The recreation of the State of Israel in 1948 was preceded by more than 50 years of efforts to re-establish a sovereign state as a homeland for the Jewish nation. These efforts were initiated by Theodore Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement, and were given added impetus by the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which asserted the British Government’s support for the recreation of a Jewish homeland in roughly its original position, which was then known as Palestine. In the years following World War I, Palestine became a British Mandate and the number of Jews returning to their homeland steadily increased, as did violence between Palestine’s Jewish and Arab communities. Mounting British efforts to restrict this immigration were countered by international support for Jewish national aspirations following the near-extermination of European Jewry by the Nazis during World War II. This support led to the 1947 UN partition plan, which would have divided Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states, with Jerusalem under UN administration. In 1956, French, British, and Israeli forces engaged Egypt in response to its nationalization of the Suez Canal and blockade of the Straits of Tiran. Israeli forces withdrew in March 1957, after the United Nations established the UN Emergency Force (UNEF) in the Gaza Strip and Sinai. This war resulted in no territorial shifts and was followed by several years of terrorist incidents and retaliatory acts across Israel’s borders. In June 1967, Israeli forces in the Six-Day War struck targets in Egypt, Jordan, and Syria in response to Egyptian President Nasser’s ordered withdrawal of UN peace keepers from the Sinai Peninsula and the buildup of Arab armies along Israel’s borders. After 6 days, all parties agreed to a cease-fire, under which Israel retained control of the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the formerly Jordanian-controlled West Bank of the Jordan River, and East Jerusalem. On November 22, 1967, the Security Council adopted Resolution 242, the “land for peace” formula, which called for the establishment of a just and lasting peace based on Israeli withdrawal from territories occupied in 1967 in return for the end of all states of belligerency, respect for the sovereignty of all states in the area, and the right to live in peace within secure, recognized boundaries. The Six Day War had a momentous effect on American Jews, mobilizing new support for Israel. The following years were marked by continuing violence across the Suez Canal, punctuated by the 1969-70 War of Attrition between Israel and Egypt. On October 6, 1973Yom Kippur (the Jewish Day of Atonement), the armies of Syria and Egypt launched an attack against Israel. Although the Egyptians and Syrians initially made significant advances, Israel was able to push the invading armies back beyond the 1967 cease-fire lines by the time the United States and the Soviet Union helped bring an end to the fighting. In the UN Security Council, the United States supported Resolution 338, which reaffirmed Resolution 242 as the framework for peace and called for peace negotiations between the parties. In the years that followed, sporadic clashes continued along the cease-fire lines but guided by the U.S., Egypt, and Israel continued negotiations. In November 1977, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat made a historic visit to Jerusalem, which opened the door for the 1978 Israeli-Egyptian peace summit convened at Camp David by President Carter. These negotiations led to a 1979 peace treaty between Israel and Egypt, pursuant to which Israel withdrew from the Sinai in 1982, signed by President Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menahem Begin of Israel. In the years following the 1948 war, Israel’s border with Lebanon was quiet relative to its borders with other neighbors. After the expulsion of Palestinian fighters from Jordan in 1970 and their influx into southern Lebanon, however, hostilities along Israel’s northern border increased and Israeli forces crossed into Lebanon. After passage of Security Council Resolution 425, calling for Israeli withdrawal and the creation of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon peacekeeping force (UNIFIL), Israel withdrew its troops. In June 1982, following a series of cross-border terrorist attacks and the attempted assassination of the Israeli Ambassador to the U.K., Israel invaded Lebanon to fight the forces of Yasser Arafat’s Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The PLO withdrew its forces from Lebanon in August 1982. Israel, having failed to finalize an agreement with Lebanon, withdrew most of its troops in June 1985 save for a residual force which remained in southern Lebanon to act as a buffer against attacks on northern Israel. These remaining forces were completely withdrawn in May 2000 behind a UN-brokered delineation of the Israel-Lebanon border (the Blue Line). Hezbollah forces in Southern Lebanon continued to attack Israeli positions south of the Blue Line in the Sheba Farms/Har Dov area of the Golan Heights. The victory of the U.S.-led coalition in the Persian Gulf War of 1991 opened new possibilities for regional peace. In October 1991, the United States and the Soviet Union convened the Madrid Conference, in which Israeli, Lebanese, Jordanian, Syrian, and Palestinian leaders laid the foundations for ongoing negotiations designed to bring peace and economic development to the region. Within this framework, Israel and the PLO signed a Declaration of Principles on September 13, 1993, which established an ambitious set of objectives relating to a transfer of authority from Israel to an interim Palestinian authority. Israel and the PLO subsequently signed the Gaza-Jericho Agreement on May 4, 1994, and the Agreement on Preparatory Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities on August 29, 1994, which began the process of transferring authority from Israel to the Palestinians. On October 26, 1994, Israel and Jordan signed a historic peace treaty, witnessed by President Clinton. This was followed by Israeli Prime Minister Rabin and PLO Chairman Arafat’s signing of the historic Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on September 28, 1995. This accord, which incorporated and superseded previous agreements, broadened Palestinian self-government and provided for cooperation between Israel and the Palestinians in several areas. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated on November 4, 1995, by a right-wing Jewish radical, bringing the increasingly bitter national debate over the peace process to a climax. Subsequent Israeli governments continued to negotiate with the PLO resulting in additional agreements, including the Wye River and the Sharm el-Sheikh memoranda. However, a summit hosted by President Clinton at Camp David in July 2000 to address permanent status issuesincluding the status of Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees, Israeli settlements in the West Bank and Gaza, final security arrangements, borders, and relations and cooperation with neighboring statesfailed to produce an agreement. Following the failed talks, widespread violence broke out in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza in September 2000. In April 2001 the Sharm el-Sheikh Fact Finding Committee, commissioned by the October 2000 Middle East Peace Summit and chaired by former U.S. Senator George Mitchell, submitted its report, which recommended an immediate end to the violence followed by confidence-building measures and a resumption of security cooperation and peace negotiations. Building on the Mitchell report, In April 2003, the Quartet (the U.S., UN, European Union (EU), and the Russian Federation) announced the “roadmap,” a performance-based plan to bring about two states, Israel and a democratic, viable Palestine, living side by side in peace and security. Despite the promising developments of spring 2003, violence continued and in September 2003 the first Palestinian Prime Minister, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), resigned after failing to win true authority to restore law and order, fight terror, and reform Palestinian institutions. In response to the deadlock, in the winter of 2003-2004 Prime Minister Sharon put forward his Gaza disengagement initiative, proposing the withdrawal of Israeli settlements from Gaza as well as parts of the northern West Bank. President Bush endorsed this initiative in an exchange of letters with Prime Minister Sharon on April 14, 2004, viewing Gaza disengagement as an opportunity to move towards implementation of the two-state vision and begin the development of Palestinian institutions. In a meeting in May 2004 the Quartet endorsed the initiative, which was approved by the Knesset in October 2004. The run-up to disengagement saw a flurry of diplomatic activity, including the February 2005 announcement of Lieutenant General William Ward as U.S. Security Coordinator; the March 2005 Sharon-Abbas summit in Sharm el-Sheikh; the return of Egyptian and Jordanian ambassadors to Israel; and the May 2005 appointment of former World Bank president James D. Wolfensohn as Special Envoy for Gaza Disengagement to work for a revitalization of the Palestinian economy after disengagement. Wolfensohn’s direct involvement spurred Israeli-Palestinian agreement on the Gaza crossings” at Karni and Erez, on the demolition of settler homes, water, electricity, and communications infrastructure issues, as well as other issues related to the Palestinian economy. On August 15, 2005, Israel began implementing its disengagement from the Gaza Strip, and the Israeli Defense Forces completed their withdrawal, including the dismantling of 17 settlements, on September 12. After broad recognition for Prime Minister Sharon’s accomplishment at that fall’s UN General Assembly, international attention quickly turned to efforts to strengthen Palestinian governance and the economy in Gaza. The United States brokered a landmark Agreement on Movement and Access between the parties in November 2005 to facilitate further progress on Palestinian economic issues. However, the terrorist organization Hamasbuilding on popular support for its “resistance” to Israeli occupation and a commitment to clean up the notorious corruption of the Palestinian Authority (PA)–took a majority in the January 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) elections, with Hamas leader Ismail Haniya as Prime Minister. The Israeli leadership pledged not to work with a Palestinian government in which Hamas had a role. Shortly following Hamas’ PLC victory, the Quartetcomprised of the United States, European Union, United Nations. and Russiaoutlined three basic principles the Hamas-led PA must meet in order for the U.S. and the international community to reengage with the PA: renounce violence and terror, recognize Israel, and respect previous agreements, including the roadmap. The Hamas-led PA government rejected these principles, resulting in a Quartet statement of “grave concern” on March 30, 2006 and the suspension of U.S. assistance to the PA, complete prohibition on U.S. Government contacts with the PA, and prohibition of unlicensed transactions with the PA government. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) under the leadership of PLO Chairman and PA President Mahmud Abbas (Abu Mazen), by contrast, remained consistently committed to the Quartet principles. Despite several negotiated cease-fires between Hamas and Fatah, violent clashes in the Gaza Stripand to a lesser extent in the West Bankwere commonplace between December 2006 and February 2007 and resulted in dozens of deaths and injuries. In an attempt to end the intra-Palestinian violence, the King of Saudi Arabia invited Palestinian rivals to Mecca, and on February 9, 2007, Abbas and Hamas leader Haniya agreed to the formation of a Palestinian national unity government and a cessation of violence. Hamas’ rejectionist policies and violent behavior continued despite the formation of the national unity government. In June 2007, Hamas effectively orchestrated a violent coup in Gaza. Hamas also launched scores of Qassam rockets into southern Israel in an attempt to involve Israel in the Hamas-Fatah conflict. On June 14, Palestinian Authority President Mahoud Abbas exercised his lawful authority by declaring a state of emergency, dissolving the national unity government, and replacing it with a new government with Salam Fayyad as Prime Minister. The new Palestinian Authority government under President Abbas and Prime Minister Fayyad has no elements controlled by Hamas. The new government claims they are dedicated to peace and the Quartet principles and has been embraced politically and financially by the international community, including Israel, mainly because of the far worse alternative that Hamas represent. Source: [1]

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February 5, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

Two Israels, for now | Ian Vincent

I commented on FB: Ephesians 2:12 says we Gentile believers are citizens of Israel (the commonwealth of Israel) Romans 11:17 says we Gentile believers are grafted into the Olive Tree, Israel. 1 Cor. 10:18 speaks of Israel after the flesh, meaning, natural or fleshly Israel. So, if there are two Israels currently in existence, and one is called fleshly or natural (by natural birth) then we take it the other is spiritual, and not natural (by second birth). Then, at the Messiahs return to earth the two Israels become perfectly the one body of Christ, because natural Israel is converted, born again. In this way the church does not replace Israel, it is grafted into the Israel of God. Gentiles, therefore, should be longing for the glorious day when natural Israel will be saved and come into the body of Christ. Like Loading… Related This entry was posted on January 30, 2018 at 7:15 am and is filed under Uncategorized.You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed.You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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January 30, 2018   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed

Israel’s Jumping Parliament

Years ago, when I was a member of the Knesset, I decided to stage a demonstration in the plenum hall. I put on a T-shirt with the slogan Peace is greater than Greater Israel. In the middle of the debate I took my jacket off, displaying the slogan. After a few minutes, an usher approached me and said politely: The Speaker would like to see you in his office. The speaker was Yitzhak Shamir, a former commander of the Lehi terrorist underground. He received me with a broad smile, asked me to be seated and said: Uri, you have made your point. Now I ask you to take the t-shirt off and return to your seat! Of course I did so. I remembered this small incident this week, when something much more serious happened in the Knesset. The American vice president honored Israel with a visit and was received like a king. Why? Dont know. To my mind, the man is a good-looking and well-dressed fool. Wherever he stopped, he made speeches that should have made even ardent Zionists blush. He lauded Israel in terms of childish adulation, heaping shameless flattery upon fake history. Official Israel was ecstatic. No one reminded the public that the extreme Christian evangelism espoused by Pence has an unhappy end. It says that after all the Jews have gathered in the Holy Land, Christ will return to earth and all the Jews will convert to his religion. Those who dont will perish. The high point of the visit was Pences speech in the Knesset plenum. This in itself was curious. Such honors are reserved for foreign heads of state. Pence, as a mere vice, had no such right. But the Israeli government was set to flatter the man, who might one day become president himself. (Actually, the only reason I can imagine for not throwing Donald Trump out is the frightening idea that Pence will become president.) As a former Knesset member I was invited to be seated in the Plenum hall on this occasion, but of course I declined the honor. What followed was shameful. When the vice president started to utter his chain of flatteries, the members jumped up and gave him a wild standing ovation. This was repeated again and again, up and down, up and down, and looked both ridiculous and disgusting. Contrary to the US congress, the Knesset does not allow applause. In all my 10 years as a member, during which I attended every single session, I dont remember a single hand-clap, not to mention multiple standing ovations. After the guests speech, representatives of the parties had the right to respond. All the Jewish parties lauded the American politician wholeheartedly. No difference between coalition and opposition. Arab MPs protesting Pences speech. (U.S. Embassy Tel Aviv) But the really shameful scene came right at the beginning. When Pence started to speak, the members of the Arab United List stood up and waved placards protesting Trumps recent recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The Knesset Guard seems to have been forewarned. In a split second, they set upon the 13 members of the list and evicted them forcibly. It was an ugly sight, made even uglier by the stormy applause from most Jewish members. The United List is a combination of three Arab parties with widely divergent views Communist, Nationalist and Islamist. They were compelled to unite when the Jewish majority enacted a law raising the minimum clause with the obvious intent of getting rid of the Arab parties, none of which had a chance of passing the minimum on its own. So they put up a joint list and became the third largest Knesset faction. The entire ugly scene was quite superfluous. After a minute, the Speaker could have acted as Shamir did in my case ask the Arab members to be seated after having made their point. But the present Speaker is no Shamir. He was a Zionist activist in Soviet Russia, with quite a different mentality. For the two million Arab citizens of Israel and the tens of millions of Arabs in the neighboring countries, the scene conveyed a clear message: the Arabs dont really belong to the State of Israel. The visual impact was unequivocal: all the Jews in the Knesset applauded the eviction of all the Arabs. It was a clear national divide, showing that the Arabs are strangers in the Jewish state no matter how many centuries they have lived here. The division is not so absolutely clean: the Arab list contains one Jewish communist, while most Jewish factions have one Arab member each. Popular humor calls them Pet Arabs. This was not the end. On the very next day, the police announced that they were going to recommend that the three nationalist members of the United List be put on trial for breaking the party financing law. Since parties represented in the Knesset receive state subsidies, the law prescribes what other donations they are allowed to receive. Israeli citizens are allowed to donate up to a certain maximum donations from abroad are forbidden. Now the police announced that the Arab national Party, Balad, had received large cash donations from abroad, disguising them with false documentation. The investigation, it was disclosed, has taken two years, with 140 persons interrogated. Yeah? If so, why was the disclosure made exactly one day after the Knesset incident? Arab citizens and others are compelled to believe that the disclosure was a penalty for insulting the US Vice President. How vicious! How stupid! But Arabs are not the most unfortunate victims of this government. This role is reserved for the Africans. Black people fleeing from Sudan and Eritrea have reached us for years after a long and painful trek, crossing the border between Sinai and Israel. In the end Israel built a wall and stopped the flow. But before that happened, about 35 thousand black Africans had reached Tel Aviv, where they settled in the poorest sections and soon quarreled with the locals. The government built a special prison for them, but many had to be released. They were illegally employed washing dishes and such. Now the Israeli government has made a secret agreement with the governments of Ruanda and Uganda: for a payment per head, these countries will receive the immigrants. The victims themselves will receive a few dollars if they leave voluntarily. Otherwise they will be incarcerated indefinitely. The decision raised a storm. It was generally assumed that in these African countries the lives of the refugees would be in danger, that they would be robbed, raped and killed, that others would try to reach European shores and be killed on the way. The racist aspect was painfully obvious. Israel is full of foreign workers, from Ukrainians to Chinese. The Africans could easily displace them and do their jobs. But they are black. And they might God forbid! marry kosher Jewish girls. And suddenly something completely unexpected happened: a moral uprising. After a rising tide of protests and articles, citizens spoke with a new voice. Hundreds of pilots and other air crew called for airlines to refuse to transport the refugees from Israel to Africa. Many announced that they themselves would refuse to fly them. They swore not to be like the German locomotive drivers, who transported the Jews to their deaths in the extermination camps. An elderly woman, a survivor from such a camp, announced on TV that she would hide any refugee seeking her help. She called on all Israeli women to do the same and hide refugees in the attics of their homes. That was a clear allusion to Anne Frank, who was hidden with her family in an attic in Amsterdam during the Holocaust. This is going on now, a rising tide, an Israeli voice that has not been heard for a long time. A voice that has been mute for so many years, the voice of my Israel, the voice of yesterdays Israel and hopefully tomorrows. There was a time when I could be proud to be an Israeli. Perhaps this time is returning.

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January 30, 2018   Posted in: Israel  Comments Closed


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