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Hate Radio: Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion turned into Audiobook

Something dangerous is happening, the hate is percolating like coffee, anti-Semites are turning all the anti-Semitic books from history into audiobooks.

This is a very dangerous development.

Please report this audiobook to The Internet Archive, ask them to delete it, before people download it and upload it to other video sharing web sites.

Please take action immediately, before the audio file gets a chance to propagate across the Internet.

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January 1, 2017   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Israel, Israel Apartheid, Jewish American Heritage Month, Jewish Defense League, Jewish Extremism, Jewish Heritage, Jewish History, Jewish Lobby, Jewish Racism, Jewish Supremacism, Jews, Judaism, Mark Potok, Morris Dees, Neo Nazi, Shoah, SPLC, White Nationalism, White Power, White Privilege, White Racism, White Supremacism, Zionism  Comments Closed

Bridget Loves Bernie – Wikipedia

Bridget Loves Bernie is an American television comedy program created by Bernard Slade, the creator of the 197074 ABC sitcom The Partridge Family and the 1967-70 sitcom The Flying Nun. Depicting an interfaith marriage between a Catholic woman and a Jewish man, Bridget Loves Bernie was based loosely on the premise of the 1920s Broadway play and 1940s radio show Abie’s Irish Rose. It stars Meredith Baxter and David Birney as the title characters. It was cancelled by CBS after only one season, despite high ratings.

Baxter and Birney married in real life after the program went off the air.

The series depicted an interfaith marriage between a wealthy Irish Catholic teacher (Bridget) and a Jewish cab driver (Bernie), whom she had met at a bus stop. With a primetime slot between All in the Family and The Mary Tyler Moore Show on Saturday nights, the situation comedy was #5 in the ratings among all shows for that television season and obtained a 24.2 rating, tying with The NBC Sunday Mystery Movie. However CBS executives canceled the show in response to negative reactions to the characters’ marriage, making it the highest-rated television program to be canceled after only one season.[1]

Supporting cast members included Audra Lindley, David Doyle, Harold J. Stone, Ned Glass, and Bibi Osterwald. Lindley and Doyle played Bridget’s wealthy parents, Walter and Amy Fitzgerald, and Stone and Osterwald played Bernie’s more down-to-earth parents, Sam and Sophie Steinberg. The Steinbergs owned a delicatessen above which Bridget and Bernie lived. Glass played Bernie’s uncle, Moe Plotnik. Actor Robert Sampson played Father Michael Fitzgerald, a Catholic priest, who was Bridget’s brother, and was more sympathetic to his sister’s marriage. Bill Elliott played Otis, Bernie’s best friend and fellow cab driver. Nora Marlowe was cast as Aunt Agnes in the 1972 episode “The Little White Lie That Grew and Grew”.

The series was controversial due to the differing faiths of the married characters. Some Jewish groups charged that the series “mocked the teachings of Judaism.”[2][3] Rabbi Wolfe Kelman, executive vice-president of the Rabbinical Assembly of America, called the show an insult to some of the most sacred values of both the Jewish and Catholic religions.”[4]Rabbi Meir Kahane dedicated full columns to the episode.[5]Orthodox rabbis met with CBS officials several times. A conservative rabbi organized a boycott by advertisers, and reform rabbis met with CBS staff in secret to have the show cancelled. Rabbi Abraham Gross, president of the Rabbinical Alliance of Orthodox Rabbis and Educators, described the show as a “flagrant insult” to Jews, protesting that intermarriage was strictly forbidden under Jewish law. Threats followed. Meredith Baxter said, “We had bomb threats on the show. Some guys from the Jewish Defense League came to my house to say they wanted to talk with me about changing the show.” Threatening phone calls made to the home of producer Ralph Riskin resulted in the arrest of Robert S. Manning,[6] described as a member of the Jewish Defense League.[7] Manning was later indicted on murder charges, and fought extradition to the U.S. from Israel, where he had moved.[8]

On December 4, 2012, Sony Pictures Home Entertainment released the complete series on DVD in Region 1.[9] This is a Manufacture-on-Demand (MOD) release, available exclusively through Amazon.com & WBShop.com and only in the US.

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Bridget Loves Bernie – Wikipedia

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December 20, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

English Defence League – Wikipedia

The English Defence League (EDL) is a far-right[6][7][8][9][10]street protest movement which focuses on opposition to what it considers to be a spread of Islamism and Sharia in the United Kingdom.[11][12][13][14][15][16] The EDL has been described as Islamophobic,[8][17] and was until 2013 “the most significant counter-jihad movement in Europe” and considered by some academics to be “one of the more intriguing developments on the far right”.[18] The group has faced confrontations with various groups, including Unite Against Fascism (UAF).[19] In October 2013 the group’s co-founders, Tommy Robinson and Kevin Carroll, left the group, with Robinson citing concerns over the “dangers of far-right extremism”.[20] He was replaced as leader by Tim Ablitt.[21]

The EDL originated from a group known as the “United Peoples of Luton” (UPL). The UPL had been formed in response to a demonstration organised by the extremist Islamist organisation, Al-Muhajiroun, against the war in Afghanistan, held in March 2009 as the Royal Anglian Regiment marched through Luton after a tour of duty in the Helmand province campaign.[22] When the Luton counter-demonstration led to arrests, local football supporters, according to a BBC News report, “decided something should be done” and “found common cause with other ‘soccer casuals’ and ‘firms’ associated with major clubs. The chatter concluded that [Islamic extremism] was a national problem and they had to put aside club rivalries.”[23] EDL’s original leader, Stephen Yaxley-Lennon, known as ‘Tommy Robinson’ (taking his assumed name from the author of two books about the Luton Town MIGs football hooligan firm[24]), recalled that he had been prompted to found the organisation after he had read in a newspaper about a group of local Islamists attempting to recruit men outside a local bakery in Luton to fight for the Taliban in Afghanistan: “I was like, they can’t do that! In working class communities, we all know somebody in the armed forces. I’ve got a mate who lost his legs. And these lot were sending people to kill our boys.”[25]

Although Robinson repeatedly insisted from the early days of the organisation that the EDL was “against the rise of radical Islam” and that its members “aren’t against Islam”, its rank-and-file were noted for including football hooligans and members who described themselves as anti-Muslim.[23][24] Robinson reportedly considered forming the EDL into a political party.[26] In November 2011, the EDL formed an alliance with an offshoot of the British National Party (BNP), known as the British Freedom Party (BFP), under which EDL members would be invited to join and stand as candidates in elections.[27] Another senior member is Alan Lake, who has been described as the EDL’s chief financier, which Lake denies.[28] In January 2012, Tommy Robinson expressed a wish to expand the definition of the EDL to a wider European Defence League.[29]

The EDL evolved from the football casual subculture and is loosely organised around figures in hooligan firms.[12] There is no formal membership, and EDL membership figures are not clear. The think tank Demos estimated that there were between 25,000 and 35,000 active members in 2011.[30][31]

The internet hacktivist group Anonymous has published personal details of EDL members as part of a campaign against the group.[32] History professor Nigel Copsey notes that “There is no official membership card, or fees/subs as such”. This, he suggests, allows the advantage of not having a membership list to leak.[33] In October 2009, the EDL claimed to have thousands of members in scores of branches,[34] and the organisation’s spokesman Trevor Kelway explained that about 300 active supporters attended demonstrations with support from Cardiff, Swansea, Luton and Portsmouth.[35][36] At the time “an analyst” claimed the group had between 300 and 500 active supporters that it could mobilise at any given time.[11][35] Researchers have suggested that the EDL is unusual among far-right groups, because it seeks to attract non-white support, but its discourse is seen as “one that reflects that of the BNP and others albeit tailored to be more inclusive and by consequence, more relevant to contemporary Britain’s inherent diversity”.[7][37] Some scholarly fieldwork into the group noted the anti-racist statements and efforts of EDL organisers but suggested that racism and Islamophobia “may well be more commonplace among the EDL’s ‘rank and file’ than the group’s leaders would publicly admit,” and one of their marches was heavily promoted on the fascist and white supremacist website “Stormfront.”[8]

Tommy Robinson has previously issued an anti-Nazi statement and taken part in the burning of a Nazi flag in a warehouse in Luton, at a 2009 press conference.[38] The EDL expressed support for the monarchy by vowing to rally in support of the wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, but later cancelled the event.[39]

The Guardian has reported conflict in the EDL between a primarily northern-based group called The Infidels, who hold more traditional far-right views, and members in the Midlands and South. The article suggested that the EDL and the British National Party cannot simultaneously survive for long but that right-wing populism will continue.[40]

In April 2013, the EDL leadership requested that members used tactical voting to benefit the UK Independence Party (UKIP). UKIP responded by distancing themselves from the EDL and its views.[41]

Since its foundation the principal activity of the EDL has been street demonstrations. In the main these have involved counter demonstrations, violence and frequent arrests.[42] The group makes vigorous attempts to influence public debate and opinion, but Tommy Robinson, who was also deputy leader of the British Freedom Party,[43] asserts that the EDL does not aspire to be a political party: “We know who our masters are. We just want them to do their job.”[42]

The deputy leader of the EDL, Kevin Carroll, stood for the BFP in the 2012 Police and Crime Commissioner elections for Bedfordshire Police and polled 8,675 first round votes (10.6%) coming in fourth place[44] with a saved deposit. In January 2013, Carroll replaced Paul Weston as chairman of the BFP.[45]

Clint Bristow, who worked as a local organiser for the EDL in Doncaster, stood as an independent in the 2012 parliamentary by-election in Rotherham. He came last with 29 votes (0.1%).[46]

The group says that its aim is to demonstrate peacefully in English, as well as Welsh, towns and cities,[34] but conflicts with Unite Against Fascism (UAF), local opposition and other opponents have led to street violence, anti-social behaviour and arrests. A proposed march in Luton in September 2009 was banned by the police, citing a threat to public safety.[48] There is normally heavy policing of these demonstrations, due to the likelihood of violence. The cost of policing these demonstrations has ranged from 300,000[49] to 1 million.[50] Journalists that have covered EDL marches have received death threats,[51] for instance journalist Jason N. Parkinson from The Guardian wrote about receiving a death threat by email from someone he described as an EDL organiser, as well as death threats sent to Marc Valle, a fellow journalist.[52]

Four specialist national police units involved in policing hooliganism, extreme violence, and terrorism are investigating the EDL.[23] After their second demonstration in Birmingham Assistant Chief Constable Sharon Rowe of West Midlands Police: “Really, there was no intent to protest. I think they knew that the community was very much against them coming to the city, which… potentially would generate violence”.[53] Before their Manchester demonstration of October 2009, the EDL held a press conference, during which they burned a Nazi flag and asserted that “There is no militant undertone. We will peacefully protest but we will not be scared into silence”.[54] During the Manchester city centre demonstration Mat Trewern, from BBC Radio Manchester reported that “At one point, earlier on, when it became extremely tense, members of the UAF tried to break the police line between the two groups”. Greater Manchester Police confirmed a man, believed to be heading to the protest, had earlier been arrested in Birmingham on suspicion of distributing racially aggravated material.[55] One week later, at a Welsh Defence League demonstration, supporters burnt an anti-Nazi flag and made Nazi salutes.[56]

In January 2010 in Stoke-on-Trent, EDL members broke through police lines; four police officers were injured and police vehicles were damaged.[57] In March 2010 in Bolton, 74 people were arrested in the demonstrations; at least 55 of the arrested were from the UAF and nine from the EDL.[58] Weyman Bennett, joint secretary of Unite Against Fascism, was arrested and charged with conspiracy to organise violent disorder,[59]Martin Smith, of Love Music Hate Racism, and Dr Moran, joint secretary of Greater Manchester UAF, were among those arrested on conspiracy charges.[60] Assistant Chief Constable Garry Shewan, from Greater Manchester Police (GMP), said that UAF protesters were responsible for most of the trouble and that they had turned up intending to cause trouble: “It is clear to me that a large number have attended with the sole intention of committing disorder and their actions have been wholly unacceptable.”[59]

At the EDL’s second Dudley protest, on 17 July 2010, there was widespread damage to local property. The local council estimated the bill to be over 500,000.[61] On 11 September 2010, police in Oldham received an advance call from the EDL. Around mid-day approximately 120 supporters had arrived in the town. A separate group of around 50 members attacked a police car with bottles. There were 8 arrests for public order offences.[62]

On 9 October 2010, a police officer and several civilians were injured during protests by the English Defence League and Unite Against Fascism in Leicester. A Sky News van was attacked by members of the English Defence League[63] who had earlier thrown fireworks, smokebombs and bricks at police[64] and smashed windows of the city’s International Arts Centre.[65] There were also clashes between EDL supporters and local black and Asian youths as a group broke out of the EDL protest site at Humberstone Gate East and engaged with the locals. One man from Tyne and Wear was later convicted of causing criminal damage to the value of 1500 to a restaurant in this area of the city.[47] Riot police fought to maintain control over the sporadic fighting that ensued.[66] Thirteen people were arrested, one on suspicion of assaulting a police officer,[67] only one was from the city of Leicester[68] and the cost of policing the demonstration was put at 850,000.[69]

In February 2011, prior to an EDL march in Luton, national British newspapers ran headlines with expectations of violence.[70] The march, which was held on 5 February 2011, was concluded without major incident.[71]

On 10 August, during the 2011 England riots Acting Metropolitan Police Commissioner Tim Godwin expressed concern that the EDL and the BNP were seeking to exploit the situation after ninety EDL members joined vigilantes in Enfield claiming that their physical presence would discourage troublemakers.[72][73] The EDL also gathered in Eltham for the same purpose.[74] EDL officials claimed they were safeguarding local businesses, but it was reported that the EDL attacked a bus carrying black youths.[75]

On July 2011, the EDL “visited” Muslim MEP Sajjad Karim at his home with a gang of EDL members, which Karim said was an attempt at intimidation and threatening behaviour.[76] The EDL has been accused of spray-painting and attacking mosques.[77][78] Extremist members of the EDL have been involved in physical assaults against Muslims.[79][80]

EDL members have been reported attacking an anti-fascist concert in Yorkshire.[81] EDL members have been jailed for attacking staff at office buildings which had hosted anti-EDL meetings.[82] EDL members have also attacked a bookstall in Sandwell.[83]

Some news reports have shown pictures which depicted EDL members posing wearing paramilitary outfits, with guns and crossbows.[84][85]

On 7 December 2011, EDL activist Simon Beech was one of two men jailed for ten years for an arson attack on a mosque. Sentencing the men, Judge Mark Eades stated: “It seems to me your purpose was not to get at extremists, but to get at Muslims in general and your purpose can only have been to destabilise community relationships.” Chief Superintendent Bernie O’Reilly, who heads Stoke-on-Trent policing division, said, “This was a planned attack to try to blow a mosque up in a residential area.”[86]

In 2013, six Islamists pleaded guilty to plotting a bomb and gun attack on an EDL march in Dewsbury.[87] The EDL march and UAF/TUC counter demonstration had passed “peacefully, safely and without serious incident.”[88]

The British press describes the EDL as far-right[89] or right-wing.[90]

Nick Lowles, a former editor of the anti-fascist Searchlight magazine and now director of the civil rights organisation HOPE not hate, has stated that the EDL poses two risks. One is the formation of a street army prepared to travel around the country to fight and provide organisational support. The other is the group’s tactics of carrying placards and chanting in places that are potential flashpoints. Searchlight has said that not every leader of the EDL is a fascist or hardcore racist.[23] Meanwhile, on the BBC’s Sunday morning Andrew Marr show on 13 December 2010, Liberty director Shami Chakrabarti described the EDL as “modern day blackshirts”.[91] Other analysts have described the EDL as an anti-immigration group.[75]

Jon Cruddas MP, writing in The Guardian, described the EDL as “a dangerous cocktail of football hooligans, far-right activists and pub racists… a bigger threat than the BNP… providing a new white nationalist identity through which they can understand an increasingly complex and alienating world. In a similar way to how football hooligans once coalesced around support for Ulster loyalism and hatred of the IRA, the followers of the EDL genuinely believe they are “defending” their Britain against the threat of Islam. What makes the EDL much more dangerous is how it reflects a wider political and cultural war.”[92]

The EDL’s leaders say they are opposed to racism and that the EDL is a “multi-ethnic, multi-religious movement and we are proud of that”.[93] Trevor Kelway, a spokesman for the EDL, has denied that the group is racist. He said he had taken over as spokesman because the previous spokesman was Islamophobic. “We would march alongside Muslims and Jews who are against militant Islam,” he said. “There were none on Saturday and an all-white group doesn’t look good. But they can join the EDL as long as they accept an English way of life. It is the people who threaten with bombs and violence and threaten and bomb our troops they don’t belong here.”[35][94]

In October 2013, the EDL founder Tommy Robinson announced that he was leaving the organisation because it had become too extreme.[95][96]

British Prime Minister David Cameron stated in the 2010 election campaign, “The EDL are terrible people, we would always keep these groups under review and if we needed to ban them, we would ban them or any groups which incite hatred.”[97] Former Home Office minister Phil Woolas stated of the organisation’s tactics, “This is a deliberate attempt by the EDL at division and provocation, to try and push young Muslims into the hands of extremists, in order to perpetuate the divide. It is dangerous.”[98]John Denham, the then UK Communities Secretary, has condemned the EDL, saying its tactics are similar to those of the British Union of Fascists in the 1930s, although he stressed that they did not present anything like the same “potency, organisation or threat”. He was commenting after clashes between different groups at a new London mosque, during a demo by the group Stop Islamisation of Europe. He singled out the EDL in particular: “If you look at the types of demonstrations they have organised, the language used and the targets chosen, it looks pretty clear that it’s a tactic designed to provoke, to get a response and create violence”.[99][100]

The leader of Dudley Council, Anne Milward, stated after the second EDL demonstration in her town, “We are extremely saddened that Dudley has again been targeted by the English Defence League. Yet again this group of outside extremists have shown they are incapable of demonstrating peacefully and have brought public disorder and violence to our town.”[101]

The response from British police has been negative. Det Supt John Larkin of West Midland’s Counter Terrorism Unit has previously expressed concerns that the EDL’s Islamophobia fuels extremism and undermines counter-radicalisation efforts.[102][103] Dr. Robert Lambert, co-director of the European Muslim Research Centre (EMRC) at the University of Exeter and previously head of the Muslim Contact Unit (MCU) in the Metropolitan Police, has written that the EDL has undermined efforts by British Muslims to tackle terrorism and extremism.[104] Adrian Tudway, National Co-ordinator for Domestic Extremism, has written that “In terms of the position with EDL, the original stance stands, they are not extreme right wing as a group, indeed if you look at their published material on their web-site, they are actively moving away from the right and violence with their mission statement etc”,[105] also writing they were a threat to community cohesion.[106]

A Tory party councillor was suspended after attending an EDL rally in Southend. During the Southend gathering, Tommy Robinson expressed links with the local Tory councillor, Blaine Robin, stating, “I am proud that the first politician I have ever met who actually represents his constituents is a man outside, a black man, who is a local politician in Southend”.[107]

In 2013, some members of Parliament wrote to the London police calling for the EDL’s march to Tower Hamlets, which has a large Muslim population, to be banned, fearing that violence could break out.[108]

Matthew Goodwin, an academic who specialises in the study of far-right extremism, has argued that the press are more sympathetic to the Islamophobia of the EDL than they were to the anti-Semitism of the National Front in the 1970s:

The reason why the EDL’s adoption of Islamophobia is particularly significant is that unlike the 1970s, when the National Front was embracing antisemitism, there are now sections of the media and the British establishment that are relatively sympathetic towards Islamophobia. It is not difficult to look through the media and find quite hostile views towards Islam and Muslims. That is fundamentally different to the 1970s, when very few newspapers or politicians were endorsing the NF’s antisemitic message.

Garland & Treadwell (2010) argue that while the group differs from other British far-right groups such as the British National Party or the National Front by publicly promoting an image of multi-ethnicity, inclusion, and liberal values of tolerance, its affinities with other right-wing groups, its Islamophobia, and the outspoken racism of its membership tend to belie this image.[8]

Paul Jackson in his study[110] describes the EDL as part of the new far right of European politics. While “genuinely” anti-Nazi it nevertheless remains in conflict with liberal democratic principles. He argues that the EDL uses the essential English principles of tolerance, liberalism, democracy, and enlightenment as cultural markers of identity to brand as alien opposing principles of Islam. The latter is described as a backward 7th century intolerant totalitarian creed. Rather than expulsion, favoured by the old far right, the new far right seeks assimilation to liberal English culture. But by considering the culture of Britains Muslims as monolithic, the EDL exploits the language of liberalism for inherently antiliberal agendas.

Public opinion of the EDL is generally negative. In a 2012 study, 74% of those polled stated they believed the EDL was racist. 85% also stated they would never join the group.[111][112] 69% of people also stated they do not agree with the EDL’s values or methods. A 2013 poll in the aftermath of the murder of Lee Rigby found 61% believed the EDL makes terrorist attacks more likely; just 14% disagreed.[113]

The EDL has separate Jewish,[114] youth,[115] women’s (EDL Angels),[116][117] and LGBT divisions,[9][118] and claims to also have a Pakistani Christian division.[9]

In 2010, the EDL’s LGBT division had 115 members.[118] On 23 July 2011, the division planned to pass leaflets on Canal Street, in the gay village of Manchester, in support of the Norwegian Defence League, but the event was called off when the division realised opposition to its presence would be too great.[119] On 5 June 2012, it issued a statement saying “Gay people in Britain have far more to fear from Islam than they do from the EDL,” and citing opinion polls “that reported that British Muslims have zero tolerance for homosexuality.”[120]

The creation of the EDL’s tiny “Jewish division” in June 2010 was condemned by all the main organisations of the UK Jewish community.[121][122][123] Roberta Moore, leader of the Jewish division of the EDL, resigned over the presence of alleged “Nazi elements” within the EDL although she said the EDL was “doing a fantastic job” and she hoped its leaders would have the “strength to squash the Nazis within”.[124] In September 2011, a new leadership of the division was selected and the EDL reiterated its support for Israel “in the larger struggle against radical Islam.”[114]

A sub-group of the European Defence League, the Scottish Defence League (SDL) is an offshoot division of the English Defence League. In 2009, the Sunday Herald revealed links between the SDL and the BNP though both groups have publicly tried to distance themselves from each other, with the BNP claiming it would expel members found to be active in the SDL and its English counterpart, the EDL.[125] The Welsh offshoot of the EDL, the Welsh Defence League, is reportedly defunct.[126][127][128][129]

The English Volunteer Force is a small right-wing street protest movement[130] based in the United Kingdom, which Joe Mulhall considers to be an English Defence League splinter group.[131] Created by John Sheridan and Jason Lock in July 2012, the group calls for the halting of all Muslim immigration, prohibitions on the building of mosques and the sale of halal meat, the rejection of multiculturalism, and a rejection of what they term the ‘Islamification’ of Great Britain. The group plans to “Unite the Right”. The group held its first demonstration in Birmingham in January 2013 which passed peacefully.[130] On 9 March 2013 the EVF held a demonstration in Stanmore, London, against the radical preacher Abu Qatada’s continued presence in Great Britain. The group also conducted an online interview with a blog called “Terrorscope”.[132]

On 8 October 2013 it was announced that Tommy Robinson and Kevin Carroll, who had had meetings with the think tank Quilliam, were to leave the EDL. Robinson said that street protests were no longer effective and acknowledged the dangers of far-right extremism. He stated his intention to continue to combat extremism by forming a new party. Both Robinson and Carroll had been taking lessons in Islam from a Quilliam member, Usama Hasan, and intend to train in lobbying institutions.[95][96][133]

American talk radio host Michael Savage became the first popular media figure to publicly announce support for the EDL, stating, “How does England take the Islamofascists spitting on their war dead, without letting the English Defence League wade into them with pipes and beer bottles, I’ll never understand”.[134] Erick Stakelbeck, a commentator for Pat Robertson’s Christian Broadcasting Network, also expressed support for the EDL and compared its members to the members of the American Tea Party movement.[135]

In 2010 the EDL was reported to be developing links with right-wing elements within America.[136]

Gainesville, Florida pastor Terry Jones, whose calls to burn the Qur’an provoked violence that resulted in numerous deaths, was invited to a rally in Luton in February 2011 “to share his views on Islamic extremism.” The Home Secretary had Jones banned from entering the UK.[137][138]

In October 2010, American Tea Party activist Rabbi Nachum Shifren, travelled to England to speak at a rally.[122][136][139][140][141] In his speech, he called Muslims “dogs” and told the EDL that “history will be recorded that on this day, read by our children for eternity, one group lit the spark to liberate us from the oppressors of our two governments and the leftist, fifth column, quisling press, and that it was the EDL which started the liberation of England from evil.”[142]

The Canadian Jewish Defense League has held a demonstration in support of the EDL,[143] saying that the two groups will “take a stand against the forces of political Islam”. The Canadian Jewish Congress has opposed the alliance.[144]

The EDL has established links to the Danish Defence League. The latter has established 10 chapters within its first year of operation.[145] However recent attempts to establish a presence in Denmark and the Netherlands have failed to attract support and were respectively described as “a humiliation” and as “a damp squib”.[146]

The Norwegian Defence League (NDL) is a sister organisation of the EDL. There are strong connections between the two organisations, and the leadership of the EDL is also actively involved in the leadership of NDL.[147] Members of the NDL have on several occasions travelled to England to participate in EDL protests.[148][149]

According to The Daily Telegraph, Norwegian Anders Behring Breivik, perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks has claimed to have hundreds of EDL members as Facebook friends. The newspaper also quoted an anonymous senior EDL member that Breivik had extensive links with senior members of the EDL.[150] Also according to The Telegraph, Breivik wrote online about how he attended an EDL Bradford demonstration.[151] In his April 2012 trial testimony, however, Breivik denied having had any contact with the EDL, although he admitted having used EDL-linked forums and having messaged an EDL member in one of them. He also contrasted the EDL with the Knights Templar organisation which he claimed he was part of, saying “The EDL is an anti-violent organisation supporting democracy and [opposing] Sharia and Islamisation and they have nothing to do with KT at all. You cannot even compare them.”[152] Some EDL members have subsequently been associated with praise for Breivik following his conviction in the Norwegian courts.[153]

On 31 July 2011, Interpol requested Maltese police to investigate Paul Ray, former member and co-founder[154] of the English Defence League, who blogs under the name “Lionheart”. Ray conceded that he may have been the inspiration for the Norwegian mass murderer, but deplored his actions.[155][156] On 26 July 2011, the EDL leader Tommy Robinson denied any official links with Breivik and said that acts of terrorism are unacceptable.[157] Lauren Collins quotes Breivik: The EDL, although having noble intentions are in fact dangerously nave. … we are miles apart ideologically AND organisationally … She nevertheless maintains that the EDL created an inflammatory environment in which people like Breivik can find “reinforcement”.[158]

The former EDL leader, Stephen Yaxley-Lennon (a.k.a. Tommy Robinson) is banned from entering the US, due to his criminal record for assault, drugs and public order offences. In September 2011, travelling to meet American EDL supporters in New York, he was stopped at John F. Kennedy International Airport when officials noticed he was attempting to use someone else’s passport. Asked to attend a second interview, he left the airport, entering the US illegally, and flew back to Britain the next day. In January 2013, he pleaded guilty at Southwark Crown Court to possession of a false identity document with improper intention, contrary to the Identity Documents Act 2010, and was jailed for 10 months.[25][159]

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November 22, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

Jewish Defense League Chapters – Wikipedia

Jewish Defense League Chapters is an article listing official Jewish Defense League chapters as well as national and regional offices of the organization.

In October 2000, after an absence of more than 20 years, the Jewish Defense League once again had an Arizona chapter. Its first event coincided with a solidarity rally for Israel at Temple Chai of Phoenix, held on October 29, 2000, hosted by the Arizona Jewish community. At that time, there were 27 members; 20 in Phoenix, five in Tucson, and two at the University of Northern Arizona in Flagstaff. Irv Rubin, then national JDL chairman, worked closely with Arizona chairman, Ian Rakow, to establish the chapter. Rakow stated, that one of the main goals of the chapter, “is to educate,” and said that, “depending upon their level of comfort,” members can attend meetings, protests, and rallies, or write articles for the website.[1]

Following a string of anti-Semitic incidents, including vandalism using anti-Semitic graffiti in Prescott, Arizona, JDL of Arizona offered a one-thousand dollar reward for “information leading to the arrest and conviction of those responsible for spray-painting threatening, anti-Semitic graffiti on the headquarters of Prescotts Safe Schools, Safe Students,”[2][3] as well as a free Carrying Concealed Weapons class held in February, 2001 in Prescott, Arizona, in order to obtain Concealed Weapons Permits, “with the goal of empowering the law-abiding citizens against future victimization and escalation of these terrorist acts.” [4][5] The chapter disbanded in January 2002.[6]

The Jewish Defense League of Arizona re-established itself in October 2009 under the leadership of its chairman, Michael Iceman Tuber.[7][8][9] It maintains a Facebook group. On December 13, 2009, JDL Arizona held a counter-protest of the picketing of a Jewish Community Center in Scottsdale, Arizona by the Westboro Baptist Church. About ten JDL AZ members attended out of about 40 counter-protesters.

The Jewish Defense League of Los Angeles is also the site of the JDL International Headquarters. They can be contacted at P.O. Box 480370, Los Angeles, CA 90048.[10] The Chairman and National Chairman and CEO is Shelley Rubin, and the Vice-Chairman and National Vice-President is Ari Rubin.[11]

The Jewish Defense League of Chicago[10] is under the leadership of Sholom Ben-David. In 2002, the Chicago JDL had a car as part of its Mobile Response Unit in which they patrolled synagogues.[12][13]

The Florida chapter of the Jewish Defense League was re-established on February 10, 2011 and is run by Chairman David Bar-Lev. Bar-Lev was formerly the Chairman of the now-defunct Jewish Defense League of Tampa Bay from September 1999 to October 2004.[14] The Jewish Defense League of Florida maintains a Twitter page and is currently recruiting new members to join its ranks.[15]

The Jewish Defense League of Louisiana was formed on July 27 of 2008.[7] JDL Louisiana created a now defunct website,[16] www.louisianajdl.org, on July 20 of 2008.[17][18][19][20] It currently operates a new website,Twitter that “tweets” about events and blog posts by the JDL, as well as Jewish and Israeli news, and a Facebook group. Their motto is, “Your Jewish Neighborhood Watch.”[21]

The Jewish Defense League of Michigan was formed in 2009.[10]

The Jewish Defense League of Texas was formed on August 14, 2006[10] under the leadership of Ben Johnson in Waco, Texas. Their expressed goal is, “…to bring unity with those who wish to confront those extremist groups whose sole aim is the destruction of the Jewish People.”[22]

The Jewish Defense League of Canada is under the leadership of Meir Weinstein. JDL Canada resumed activities in 2006 after a long absence.[23] Since their reactivation, they have counter-protested against pro-Palestinian activists, picketed a conference on “Israeli apartheid” at the University of Toronto,[24] protested the Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation for considering support of a boycott of Israel,[25] and protested the construction of a mosque led by an alleged “Islamist.”[26] In April 2007, JDL Canada organized a picket outside of Paul Fromm’s disciplinary hearing at the Ontario College of Teachers. This led to two arrests after JDL activists were accused of assaulting the controversial far-right figure.[27] On October 23, JDL Canada sponsored Israeli right winger Moshe Feiglin to come and address the Toronto Jewish community at a local synagogue.[28]

In March 2009, JDL Canada wrote an open letter to the Canadian government asking them to ban British politician George Galloway from entering Canada, which the government did. Galloway was scheduled to speak in Toronto at an event called “Resisting War from Gaza to Kandahar”.[29] In 2010, a Federal Court judge imposed a ruling, calling the ban “a flawed and overreaching interpretation of the standards under Canadian law…”. Galloway was now allowed to visit the country.[30]

The Jewish Defense league of London, Ontario was established in November 2009. The chairman is Pesach Ovadyah. The chapters Facebook group has an active Discussions Board. As of September 30, 2016, this Facebook group no longer appears to be active.

The Jewish Defense League of Germany (German: Jdische Verteidigungsliga) was formed during September 2009. The chairman is Steven Weigang.[31][32] In the German Chapter is the Switzerland and Austrian Chapter include.

The Jewish Defense League of Sweden was formed in 2008. The chairman is Adi. He was appointed by then JDL Europe National Director, Ariel Nahal.

The French JDL chapter was formed in October 2000.

The chapter has garnered some interest by the media after some alleged violent acts by some of its members, and a condemnation in 2003. Some prominent political parties and movements in France have publicly supported a petition to ban the French JDL. The chapter has forged ties with Marine Le Pen, a fellow opponent of the new anti-semitism in France.[33]

JDL Lyon was founded on May 31, 2009.[34]

JDL Holland was founded by 8 Jews during Hanukkah, 2010.

The JDL Hungary was founded by about ten Jews from Hungary in October 2010.[35][36]

The Jewish Defense League of the United Kingdom was reformed during September 2009. The returning[37] chairman is Jacob Pres.[31][32]

The Jewish Defense League of South Africa was re-formed [32] during May 2009. The chairman is Mordechai.[38]

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Jewish Defense League Chapters – Wikipedia

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Meir Kahane – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Meir David Kahane (Hebrew: ) (; August 1, 1932 November 5, 1990) was an American-Israeli Orthodox rabbi, ultra-Nationalist political figure, teacher and writer, whose work became either the direct or indirect foundation of most modern Jewish militant and far right-wing political groups.[1] He was an ordained Orthodox rabbi, and later served as a member of the Israeli Knesset.[2]

Kahane spent years reaching out to Jews through published works, weekly articles, speeches and debates on college campuses and in synagogues throughout the United States, and appearances on various televised programs and radio shows. He gained recognition as an extreme advocate for Jewish causes, such as organizing defense squads and patrols in Jewish neighborhoods and demanding the Soviet Union release its oppressed Jews.[3] He later became known in the United States and Israel for supporting violence against enemies of the Jewish people, calls for emergency Jewish mass migration to Israel due to a potential “second Holocaust” in the United States, proposing that Israel’s democracy be reserved for its Jewish citizens, and, hopefully, eventually adopt Jewish religious law,[4] and endorsing the annexation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.[5]

Kahane proposed enforcing Jewish law, as codified by Maimonides,[6] under which non-Jews wishing to dwell in Israel would have three options: remain as “resident strangers” with all rights but national ones,[7] leave Israel and receive compensation for their property, or for those who refused either option, be forcibly removed without compensation.[8] While serving in Israel’s Knesset in the mid-1980s, Kahane proposed numerous laws, none of which passed, to emphasize Judaism in public schools, to do away with Israel’s bureaucracy, to forbid sexual relations between non-Jews and Jews, and to end cultural meetings between Jewish and Arab students.[9]

Kahane founded the Jewish Defense League (JDL) in the USA, as well as the Israeli political party Kach (“Thus”). In 1971, he was convicted for conspiracy to manufacture explosives.[10] In 1984, he became a member of the Knesset, when Kach gained one seat in parliamentary elections. In 1988, after polls showed Kach gaining popularity, the Israeli government banned Kach for being “racist” and “anti-democratic” under the terms of an ad hoc law.[9]

Kahane was assassinated in a Manhattan hotel by an Arab gunman in November 1990.

Martin David Kahane[11] was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1932 to an Orthodox Jewish family. His father, Rabbi Yechezkel (Charles) Kahane, author of the “Torah Yesharah”, studied at Polish and Czech yeshiva religious schools, was involved in the Revisionist Zionism movement, and was a close friend of Ze’ev Jabotinsky.[12]

As a teenager, Kahane became an ardent admirer of Ze’ev Jabotinsky and Peter Bergson, who were frequent guests in his parents’ home, and joined the Betar (Brit Trumpeldor) youth wing of Revisionist Zionism. He was active in protests against Ernest Bevin, the British Foreign Secretary who maintained restrictions on immigration of Jews (including Nazi death camp survivors) to Palestine after the end of the Second World War. In 1947, Kahane was arrested for throwing eggs and tomatoes at Bevin, as the latter disembarked at Pier 84 on a visit to New York. A photo of the arrest appeared in the New York Daily News.[13] In 1954, he became the mazkir (director) of Greater New York Citys sixteen Bnei Akiva chapters.

Kahanes formal education included elementary school at the Yeshiva of Flatbush, and high school at both Abraham Lincoln H.S. and at the Brooklyn Talmudical Academy. Kahane received his rabbinical ordination from the Mir Yeshiva in Brooklyn, where he was especially admired by the head, Rabbi Abraham Kalmanowitz,[14] and began going by his Hebrew name, Meir.[11] He was fully conversant with the Tanakh (Jewish Bible), Talmud, Midrash, and Jewish law. Subsequently, Kahane earned a B.A. in Political Science from Brooklyn College, a Bachelor of Law LL.B. from New York Law School and an M.A. in International Relations from New York University.[15]

In 1956, Kahane married Libby Blum, with whom he had four children:[16] Tzipporah, Tova, Baruch and Binyamin.[17][18] In 1958, he became the rabbi of the Howard Beach Jewish Center in Queens, New York City. Although the synagogue was originally Conservative rather than strictly Orthodox, the board of directors agreed to Kahane’s conditions, which included resigning from the Conservative movement’s United Synagogue of America, installing a partition separating men and women during prayer, instituting traditional prayers, and maintaining a kosher kitchen.[19] At the Jewish Center, Kahane influenced many of the synagogues youngsters to adopt a more observant lifestyle, which often troubled parents.[20][21] He trained Arlo Guthrie for his bar mitzvah.[22] When his contract was not renewed, he soon published an article entitled “End of the Miracle of Howard Beach.” This was Kahanes first article in the Jewish Press, American-Jewish weekly, for which he continued to write until his assassination in 1990.[23] Kahane also used the pen name David Sinai and the pseudonyms Michael King, David Borac and Martin Keene.[24]

In the late 1950s to early 1960s, Kahane’s life of secrecy and strong anti-communist views landed him a position as a consultant with the FBI. According to his wife, Libby, his assignment was to infiltrate the anti-communist John Birch Society and report his findings back to the FBI.[16] Later, Michael T. Kaufman published an article claiming that at this point, Kahane confided in him that he had been in a relationship with Gloria Jean D’Argenio.[25]

At some time in the late 1950s, Kahane took on the persona of a non-religious individual, along with the pseudonym Michael King.[26] At this point, Kahane began openly expressing anti-Communist positions. He and Joseph Churba created the July Fourth Movement, which was formed to counteract widespread opposition toward U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.[27] Subsequently, they co-authored the text, The Jewish Stake in Vietnam together, which was an attempt to convince American Jews of the “evil of Communism.”[28] The book’s introduction states that “all Americans have a stake in this grim war against Communism…. it is vital that Jews realize the threat to their very survival [should Communism succeed].” Churba had a major falling out with Kahane over the use of para-militarism[citation needed], and they permanently parted ways. Churba went on to pursue his own career, joining the US Air Force, writing many books on the Middle East, and later becoming one of Ronald Reagan’s consultants. Kahane chose to fight for Jewish rights and was willing to use extreme measures. He even attempted to acquire and grow biological weapons to use on a Soviet military installation,[29] but failed. He began using the phrase ‘Never Again'[30] and conceived the Jewish Star and fist insignia, a symbol resembling that of the Black Panther Party, though Kahane himself opposed the Black Panther party due to anti-Jewish riots they had supported in Massachusetts and leftist leanings, as he saw it.

The Jewish Defense League (JDL) was originally founded by Kahane in New York City in 1968. JDL’s self-described purpose was to protect Jews from local manifestations of antisemitism.[31] The JDL was committed to five fundamental principles:

The JDL favored civil rights for blacks, while opposing black anti-Semites[32] and racism of any form.[33] In 1971, the JDL formed an alliance with a black rights group in what Kahane termed “a turning point in Black-Jewish relations.”[34] Despite the JDL’s anti-racist positions and inclusion of individuals of all colors and faiths,[35] the Anti-Defamation League claimed that Kahane “preached a radical form of Jewish nationalism which reflected racism, violence and political extremism”[31] which were replicated by Irv Rubin, the JDL successor to Kahane.[36]

A number of the JDL members and leaders, including Kahane, were convicted in relation to acts of domestic terrorism in the United States.[37] In 1971, Kahane was sentenced to 5 years in prison, suspended, for conspiring to manufacture explosives.[10] In 1975, Kahane was arrested for leading the attack on the Soviet United Nations mission and injuring two officers, but was released after being given summonses for disorderly conduct. Later that same year, Kahane was accused of conspiring to kidnap a Soviet diplomat, bomb the Iraqi embassy in Washington, and ship arms abroad from Israel. He was convicted of violating his probation for the 1971 bomb conviction and sentenced to one year in prison.[38] However he served most of it in a hotel, with frequently unsupervised absences, due to a concession over the provision of kosher food.[39] In a 1984 interview with Washington Post correspondent Carla Hall, Kahane admitted that the JDL “bombed the Russian [Soviet] mission in New York, the Russian cultural mission here [Washington] in 1971, the Soviet trade offices.”[40][41]

In 1971, Kahane emigrated to Israel. When he moved to Israel, Kahane declared that he would focus on Jewish education.[42] He later began gathering lists of Arab residents willing to emigrate for compensation and, eventually, initiating protests advocating the expulsion of Arabs from Israel and the occupied territories. In 1972, Jewish Defense League leaflets were distributed in Hebron, calling for the mayor to stand trial for the 1929 Hebron massacre.[43] Kahane was arrested dozens of times.[44] In 1971, he founded the Kach party. In 1973, the party ran for the Knesset (Israeli parliament) during the general elections under the name “The League List”. The party won 12,811 votes (0.82%), just 2,857 (0.18%) short of the electoral threshold at the time (1%) for winning a Knesset seat. The party was even less successful in the 1977 elections, winning 4,836 votes.

In 1980, Kahane was arrested for the 62nd time since his emigration and jailed for six months following a detention order based on allegations of planning armed attacks against Palestinians in response to the killings of Jewish settlers.[45] Kahane was held in prison in Ramla, where he wrote the book They Must Go. Kahane was banned from entering the United Kingdom in 1981.[46]

In 1981, Kahane’s Kach party again ran for the Knesset during the 1981 elections, but did not win a seat, receiving only 5,128 votes. In 1984, the Central Elections Committee banned him from being a candidate on the grounds that Kach was a racist party, but the Supreme Court of Israel overturned the ban on grounds that the committee was not authorized to ban Kahane’s candidacy.[47] The Supreme Court suggested that the Knesset pass a law that would authorize the exclusion of racist parties from future elections, and the Anti-Racist Law of 1988 was later passed. In the 1984 legislative elections, Kahane’s Kach party received 25,907 votes, enough to give the party one seat in the Knesset, which was taken by Kahane. Kahane refused to take the standard oath of office and insisted on adding a Biblical verse from Psalms, to indicate that when national laws and the Torah conflict, Torah (Biblical) law should have supremacy over the laws of the Knesset. Kahane’s legislative proposals focused on Jewish education, an open economy, transferring the Arab population out from the Land of Israel, revoking Israeli citizenship from non-Jews, and banning Jewish-Gentile marriages and sexual relations, based on the Code of Jewish Law compiled by Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah.

As his political career progressed and popularity in the streets began growing, Kahane became increasingly isolated in the Knesset. His speeches, boycotted by nearly all Knesset members, were made to an empty parliament, except for the duty chairman and the transcriptionist. Kahane’s legislative proposals and motions of no-confidence against the government were ignored or rejected by fellow Knesset members. Kahane often pejoratively called other Knesset members “Hellenists” (a reference to Jews who assimilated into Greek culture after Judea’s occupation by Alexander the Great). In 1987, Kahane opened a yeshiva (“HaRaayon HaYehudi”) with funding from US supporters, to teach “the Authentic Jewish Idea”. Despite the boycott, Kahane’s popularity grew among the Israeli public, especially among working-class Sephardi Jews.[48] Polls showed that Kach would have likely received anywhere from four to twelve seats in the coming November 1988 elections.[49][50]

In 1985, the Knesset passed an amendment to Israel’s Basic Law, barring “racist” candidates from election. The Central Elections Committee banned Kahane a second time, and he appealed to the Israeli Supreme Court. This time, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the committee, disqualifying Kach from running in the 1988 elections. Kahane was thus the first candidate in Israel to be barred from election for racism. The move was severely criticized as being anti-democratic by many, including Harvard Law Professor Alan M. Dershowitz, who frequently decried attacks on Kahane’s rights.[51]

In November 1990, Kahane gave a speech to an audience of mostly Orthodox Jews from Brooklyn,[52] warning American Jews to emigrate to Israel before it was “too late”.[52][53] As a crowd gathered around Kahane in the second-floor lecture hall in midtown Manhattan’s Marriott East Side Hotel, Kahane was assassinated[54][55][56] by El Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian-born American citizen who was initially charged and acquitted of the murder.[57] Nosair was later convicted of the murder in United States district court incident to the trial for his involvement in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Prosecutors were able to retry Nosair for the murder because the federal indictment includes the killing as part of the alleged terrorist conspiracy.[58] He was sentenced to life imprisonment, and later made a confession to federal agents.[59]

Some researchers, such as Peter Lance, consider Kahane one of the first, if not the very first, American victims of the then-nascent Al Qaeda, as his killer is believed to have links to Osama bin Laden’s network.[60] The cell that Kahane’s assassin belonged to had been training in the New York metro since the middle of 1989.[61] Kahane was buried on Har HaMenuchot in Jerusalem. Kahane’s funeral was one of the largest in Israel’s history, where approximately 150,000 participated. He was eulogized by a number of prominent supporters in both the US and Israel, including Rabbi Moshe Tendler and the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu, who spoke of how little the people understood of Kahane’s “true value”.[62]

Kahane argued that there was a glory in Jewish destiny, which came through the observance of the Torah. He also noted that, “Democracy and Judaism are not the same thing.”[63] Kahane also stressed that a Jewish state and Western democracy were incompatible, since Western democracy is religion-blind, and a Jewish state is religion-oriented by its very name. He also warned of the danger of non-Jewish citizens becoming a majority and voting against the Jewish character of the state: “The question is as follows: if the Arabs settle among us and make enough children to become a majority, will Israel continue to be a Jewish state? Do we have to accept that the Arab majority will decide?”[64] “Western democracy has to be ruled out. For me that’s cut and dried: there’s no question of setting up democracy in Israel, because democracy means equal rights for all, irrespective of racial or religious origins.”

Kahane proposed an “exchange of populations” that would continue the Jewish exodus from Arab lands: “A total of some 750,000 Jews fled Arab lands since 1948. Surely it is time for Jews, worried over the huge growth of Arabs in Israel, to consider finishing the exchange of populations that began 35 (50) years ago.” Kahane proposed a $40,000 compensation plan for Arabs who would leave voluntarily, forcible expulsion for those who “don’t want to leave”,[64] and encouraged retaliatory violence against Arabs who attacked Jews: “I approve of anybody who commits such acts of violence. Really, I don’t think that we can sit back and watch Arabs throwing rocks at buses whenever they feel like it. They must understand that a bomb thrown at a Jewish bus is going to mean a bomb thrown at an Arab bus.”[64]

Kahane argued that Israel should never start a war for territory, but if a war were launched against Israel, then Biblical territory should be annexed. He defined Biblical territory as follows: “the southern boundary goes up to El Arish, which takes in all of northern Sinai, including Yamit. To the east, the frontier runs along the western part of the East Bank of the Jordan River, hence part of what is now Jordan. Eretz Yisrael also includes part of Lebanon and certain parts of Syria, and part of Iraq, all the way to the Tigris River.[64] When critics suggested that following Kahane’s plans would mean perpetual war between Jews and Arabs, Kahane responded, “There will be a perpetual war. With or without Kahane.”

While Kahane used to quip that many supported him privately while dissenting with him publicly, there were numerous renowned figures that publicly supported and admired his positions.

Following Kahane’s death, no scholarly and charismatic leader emerged to replace him in the movement, although the idea of transferring populations, mainly attributed to Kahane, was subsequently incorporated into the political platform of various political parties in Israel, such as Moledet (applying to Arab non-citizen residents of the West Bank) and Yisrael Beiteinu (in the form of population exchange). Two small Kahanist factions later emerged; one under the name of Kach, and the other under the name of Kahane chai (Hebrew: , literally “Kahane lives [on]”), the second one led by his younger son, Binyamin Ze’ev Kahane. Neither one was permitted to participate in the Knesset elections by the Central Elections Committee, however.

In 1994, following the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre of Palestinian Muslim worshippers in Hebron by Kach supporter Dr. Baruch Goldstein, in which 29 Palestinian Muslim worshippers were killed, the Israeli government declared both parties to be terrorist organizations.[84][85] The U.S. State Department also added Kach and Kahane Chai to its list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.

On December 31, 2000, Binyamin Ze’ev Kahane and his wife Talya were shot to death by Palestinian gunmen while on their way to the Israeli settlement of Kfar Tapuach, where they lived. Five of their six children were wounded in the attack. Palestinian gunmen fired more than 60 machine gun rounds into their van.[86]

In the 2003 Knesset elections, Herut, which split off from the National Union list, ran with Michael Kleiner, and former Kach activist Baruch Marzel taking the top two spots on the list. The joint effort narrowly missed the 1.5% barrier. In the following 2006 elections Jewish National Front led by Baruch Marzel, fared better, but also failed to pass the minimum threshold. A self-declared follower of Kahane who was involved with Kach for many years, Michael Ben-Ari, was elected to the Knesset in the 2009 elections on renewed National Union list. He stood again in the 2013 elections as the second candidate on the list of Otzma LeYisrael, but the party failed to pass the minimum threshold.

In 2007, the FBI released over a thousand documents relating to their daily surveillance of Kahane since the early 1960s.[87]

In 2015, Kahane’s grandson, Meir Ettinger, was detained by Israeli law enforcement. He is the alleged leader of the radical Jewish group “The Revolt”.[88] In an on-line “manifesto” echoing some of the teachings of his grandfather, Ettinger promotes the “dispossession of gentiles” who live in Israel, and the establishment of a new “kingdom of Israel”, a theocracy ruled by halacha, the rules of the Torah. Ettinger has been writing to condemn Israels government, rabbis, and the IDF, as well as denouncing Christian churches as “idolatry”.[89]

In 2016, Kahane’s widow claimed that modern Jewish extremists in Israel are not following the ideology of her late husband, claiming he had a more mature approach which did not encourage illegal activities.[90]

Kahane’s name has come up as precedent in many court cases. Two examples are the 1993 World Trade Center bombing case, where the defense tried unsuccessfully to argue that informants Emad Saleem and Ali Mohamed had entrapped the conspirators, as had been done by the FBI to Kahane.[29] In another case brought up at the Supreme Court of Israel, the banning of Kahane’s political party first, and then upheld in appeal, within the framework of the Israeli democracy, can be used to ban other parties deemed racist, or which espouse racist views.[95][96] The prosecution argued that Arab MK Haneen Zoabi should be banned for denying the Jewish People’s existence, and was banned by the Central Elections Committee, using the Kahane precedent. A week later, this was unanimously overturned by the Supreme Court. Attempts at banning of Strong Israel and Balad political parties using the Kahane precedent unsuccessfully were overturned as well.[97][98]

Also author of Numbers 23:9: “…lo, it is a people that shall dwell alone and shall not be reckoned among the nations,” I. Block, 1970s. Contributorsometimes under pseudonym Michael Kingto periodicals, including The New York Times. Editor of Jewish Press, 1968.

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Meir Kahane – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Jewish Defense League – Metapedia

From Metapedia

The Jewish Defense League (JDL) is a militant Jewish organization whose stated goal is to protect Jews from Jew-adversaries. Founded by Rabbi Meir Kahane in New York City in 1968, its self-described purpose was to protect Hasidic Jews from harassment in Brooklyn, and to protest against local manifestations of Jew-feud. When it was founded, hundreds of Orthodox Jews, from Brooklyn signed up almost immediately for the vigilante organization, and by 1972, the organization had over 15,000 members. The group organized demonstrations outside of Arab embassies and protested against the treatment of Jews in the Soviet Union.

In its report Terrorism 2000/2001, the FBI referred to the organization as a violent extremist Jewish organization. The Terrorism Knowledge Base states that during the JDLs first two decades of activity, it was an active terrorist organization. More mainstream Jewish groups have been hostile to the group, and the 1984 National Survey of American Jews survey showed that 24% of respondents viewed the JDL generally favorably, compared to 44% who viewed them generally unfavorably. A poll taken by the American Jewish Committee in 1986 showed that 14% of American Jews professed strong sympathy towards Kahane.

In recent years, leaders of the Jewish Defense League have attempted to form an alliance with white nationalist groups against Arab immigration but have largely been rebuffed because they cant be trusted.

In 1995, the JDL attempted to assassinate Ernst Zundel by firebombing his house. In 2007, the JDL attacked Canadian patriot Paul Fromm in an elevator.

On March 16, 1978 Irv Rubin said about the planned American Nazi Party march in Skokie, Illinois: “We are offering $500, that I have in my hand, to any member of the community… who kills, maims or seriously injures a member of the American Nazi party.” Rubin was charged with solicitation of murder but acquitted in 1981.[1]

JDL members had often been suspected of involvement in attacks against national socialists and other Holocaust realists and so-called “anti-Semites”. In 1995, when the Toronto residence of Ernst Zndel was the target of an arson attack, a group calling itself the “Jewish Armed Resistance Movement” claimed responsibility; according to the Toronto Sun, the group had ties to the Jewish Defense League and to Kahane Chai.[2] The leader of the Toronto wing of the Jewish Defense League, Meir Halevi, denied involvement in the attack, although, just five days later, Halevi was caught trying to break into the Zndel property, where he was apprehended by police.[2][3] Later the same month Zndel was the recipient of a parcel bomb that was detonated by the Toronto Police Service’s bomb squad.[4]

Alex Odeh was an Arab-American who was killed on October 11, 1985 in a bombing at his office in Santa Ana, California. Odeh was regional director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee. Shortly before his killing, Odeh had appeared on the television show Nightline, where he engaged in a tense dialogue with a representative from the Jewish Defense League.[5]

Irv Rubin, chairman of the JDL, immediately made several controversial public statements in reaction to the incident: “I have no tears for Mr. Odeh,” Rubin said. “He got exactly what he deserved.” He also said: “My tears were used up crying for Leon Klinghoffer.” The Anti-Defamation League and the American Jewish Committee both condemned the murder.

Four weeks after Odeh’s death, FBI spokesperson Lane Bonner stated the FBI attributed the bombing and two others to the JDL. In February 1986, the FBI classified the bombing that killed Alex Odeh as a terrorist act. Rubin denied JDL involvement: “What the FBI is doing is simple… Some character calls up a news agency or whatever and uses the phrase Never Again… and on that assumption they can go and slander a whole group. That’s tragic.”

In 1987 Floyd Clarke, then assistant director of the FBI, wrote in an internal memo that key suspects had fled to Israel and were living in the West Bank town of Kiryat Arba. In 1988, the FBI arrested Rochelle Manning as a suspect in a mail bombing, and also charged her husband, Robert Manning, whom they considered a prime suspect in the Odeh bombing. Both were members of the JDL. Rochelle’s jury deadlocked, and after the mistrial, she left for Israel to join her husband.

Robert Manning was extradited from Israel to the U.S. in 1993. He was subsequently found guilty of involvement in the killing of Patricia Wilkerson in another, unrelated bomb blast.[6][7] William Ross, another JDL member, was also found guilty for his participation in the bombing that killed Wilkerson.[6] Rochelle Manning was re-indicted for her alleged involvement, and was detained in Israel, pending extradition, when she died of a heart attack in 1994.[6]

On December 12, 2001, JDL leader Irv Rubin and JDL member Earl Krugel were charged with planning a terror attack against the office of Arab-American Congressman Darrell Issa, in the wake of the September 11 attacks.[8] The two also planned attacks on the King Fahd Mosque in Culver City, California.

Rubin claimed that he was innocent. On November 4, 2002, at the federal Metropolitan Detention Center in Los Angeles, California, Rubin slit his throat with a safety razor and jumped out of a third story window. Rubin’s suicide would be contested by his widow and the JDL, particularly after his co-defendant pleaded guilty to the charges and implicated Rubin in the plot. On February 4, 2003, Earl Krugel pleaded guilty to conspiracy and weapons charges stemming from the terrorist plot, and was expected to serve up to 20 years in prison. The core of the evidence against Krugel and Rubin was in a number of conversations taped by an informant, Jewish pride activist Danny Gillis, who was hired by the men to plant the bombs but who turned to the FBI instead. According to one tape, Krugel thought the attacks would serve as “a wakeup call” to Arabs.

Krugel was subsequently killed in prison by another inmate, on November 4, 2005.

In 2004 congressional testimony, John S. Pistole, Executive Assistant Director for Counterterrorism and Counterintelligence for the Federal Bureau of Investigation described the JDL as “a known violent extremist Jewish Organization.”[9] FBI statistics show that, from 1980 through 1985, there were 18 terrorist attacks in the U.S. committed by Jews; 15 of those by members of the JDL. Mary Doran, an FBI agent, described the JDL in a 2004 Congressional testimony as “a proscribed terrorist group”.[10] According to the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,

The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism’s database of identified terrorist organizations, which is compiled by official contractors and consultants to the United States government and is officially a project supported by the Department of Homeland Security, identifies the JDL as a former terrorist organization.[12]

While the JDL’s website explicitly rejects terrorism, it has often expressed support for acts of vengeance in reprisal to Arab terrorist attacks on Jews.[13] On October 26, 1981, after two firebombs damaged the Egyptian Tourist Office at Rockefeller Center, JDL Chairman Meir Kahane said at a press conference: “I’m not going to say that the JDL bombed that office. There are laws against that in this country. But I’m not going to say I mourn for it either.” The next day, an anonymous caller claimed responsibility on behalf of the JDL. A JDL spokesman later denied his group’s involvement, but said “We support the act.”

On 25 February 1994, Baruch Goldstein, a “charter member” of the JDL, opened fire on Palestinian Muslims kneeling in prayer at mosque in the West Bank city of Hebron, killing 29. On its website, the JDL writes “we are not ashamed to say that Goldstein was a charter member of the Jewish Defense League.” [14] It is also important to note that the JDL defends its stance by saying that “we feel that Goldstein took a preventative measure against yet another Arab attack on Jews. We understand his motivation, his grief and his actions. We do not consider his assault to qualify under the label of terrorism because Dr. Goldstein was a soldier in a war zone who was faced by an imminent terrorist threat.” [15]

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Jewish Defense League – Metapedia

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August 28, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

The Zionist Terror Network (book)

Introduction

This booklet documents the background and criminal activities of Jewish Zionist terrorist groups, and especially the Jewish Defense League. Particular emphasis is given here to terror — including murder — against “thought criminals” who question the Holocaust story that six million Jews were systematically killed during the Second World War.

Zionist terrorists openly proclaim an arrogant Jewish-supremacist ideology and acknowledge their readiness to use violence against those who disagree with them. With a well-documented record of bigotry and crime, they pose a serious danger to our society, and to men and women everywhere who treasure freedom.

The most zealous non-governmental Zionist terrorist organization has been the Jewish Defense League. Its activists have been involved in a wide range of crimes, and the US Federal Bureau of Investigation has repeatedly cited it as a criminal terrorist group.

The Jewish Defense League was founded in 1968 by Rabbi Meir Kahane. Born Martin David Kahane in 1932 in Brooklyn, New York, he was the first-born son of an orthodox rabbi who was active in the “revisionist” movement of Zionist hard-liner Ze’ev Jabotinsky. Jabotinsky and other leaders of his movement were guests at the Kahane household while Martin (Meir) was a boy. As a youth, Kahane became an active member of the Jewish-supremacist Betar movement, which Jabotinsky had founded in 1925. Kahane’s first arrest came in 1947, when he was fifteen, for leading a group of Betar youth in an attack against visiting British foreign minister Ernest Bevin. (note 1)

Two of Jabotinsky’s most fervent followers went on to gain notoriety as leaders of Zionist terror groups, and, later, as prime ministers of Israel: Menachem Begin, who once headed the Irgun group, and Yitzhak Shamir, who headed the Lehi group (Stern gang). Shamir, for example, played a crucial role in the Lehi murder in November 1944 of British Middle East envoy Lord Moyne, and in the September 1948 assassination of Swedish United Nations peace mediator Count Folke-Bernadotte. (note 2)

For a time in the 1960s, Kahane led a double life. He lived and worked under the name of Michael King, keeping this identity secret even from his wife. During this period, he later related, he worked for the Central Intelligence Agency and for the Federal Bureau of Investigation. For the FBI he spied on the right-wing John Birch Society as well as on various left-wing student groups. (note 3)

Posing as the non-Jewish Michael King, he had affairs with a number of young women he picked up in New York bars. One of them was Gloria Jean D’Argenio, a (non-Jewish) 22-year-old model who worked under the name of Estelle Evans. After their meeting in 1966, they promptly began an affair. Never revealing his true identity, he even proposed marriage. After Kahane/King broke off the relationship a few weeks later, she attempted suicide by hurling herself into the East River, dying two days later (on Kahane’s 34th birthday). (note 4)

Kahane’s life changed dramatically in 1968, when he and several colleagues founded the Jewish Defense League. Brandishing guns and provocative slogans (“Every Jew a .22,” “Never Again”), Kahane’s JDL quickly attracted considerable media attention. Kahane pointedly exploited rising anti-black sentiment among Jews in the New York area. (note 5)

Kahane and his new organization received important and probably crucial support from two powerful allies: Israel’s right-wing Herut political party and the New York Mafia.

Between December 1969 and August 1972, Kahane’s JDL — with important support and guidance from Menachem Begin’s Herut party in Israel, top officers of Israel’s Mossad secret service, and several wealthy American Jewish businessmen — carried out a campaign of criminal attacks against Soviet Russian diplomats and other Soviet targets in the USA. The goal was to focus attention on and generate sympathy for Soviet Jewry, and to damage relations between the United States and Soviet Russia. (note 6)

On May 12, 1971, Kahane and a dozen other JDL members were arrested by federal agents for conspiracy to manufacture explosives. One day later, Kahane announced an alliance with a group founded by Mafia boss Joseph Colombo, Jr., a one-time killer who had risen to head the Colombo crime syndicate. “Kahane received substantial aid from the New York Mafia,” writes Israeli journalist Yair Kotler in his biography of the JDL founder. Until Colombo’s murder in 1971, relations between Kahane and the New York City mob boss were very close, and the two criminal chiefs worked closely together. (note 7)

Kahane claimed to have spent a total of three years in American prisons as a result of his militant activities. (note 8) During the early 1970s, Kahane abandoned the JDL and moved to Israel — returning on occasional visits to raise money. Building on the international notoriety he had gained as JDL leader, in 1976 he launched his radical Kach party. In 1984 he was elected to the Israeli Knesset (parliament) as his party’s only deputy. Meanwhile, the JDL’s New York chapter collapsed, and splinter groups emerged with names such as the “Jewish Direct Action,” the “United Jewish Underground,” “Save Our Israel Land,” and the “Jewish Defenders.” (note 9)

Kahane was assassinated on November 5, 1990, while addressing a meeting of supporters at a hotel in midtown Manhattan, New York City. (note 10)

In numerous speeches and essays, and in several books, Meir Kahane preached an arrogant and even genocidal message of Jewish supremacy and ruthless Zionism. For the JDL leader and his many fervent followers, any and all measures to further Jewish survival and welfare — including terror, dispossession and murder — are entirely justified. (note 11)

Typical of his passionate and outspoken prose style is a representative essay by Kahane that appeared in 1980 in a leading Jewish community paper. He wrote: (note 12)

…Vengeance is a fundamental Jewish concept that is a precept, injunction, commandment for the Jew…Vengeance becomes, thanks to the gentilized and perplexed era in which we live, a maligned thing…Let the government of Israel, which is responsible for the lives of its citizens, make the streets, buses, shops and homes of the Ishmaelites [Palestinians] perpetual places of terror and stark insecurity…Wipe away the bitter degradation of God’s name that is symbolized by Arab refusal to bow to Jewish sovereignty. A truly Jewish government is one that understands the need to…burn out the desecration by removing, burning out, the evil that is the Arab nation in our midst.

In another essay, this one published in 1973, Ka-hane emphasized Jewish invincibility. The day will come, he promised, when all non-Jews would acknowledge the superiority of the Chosen people: (note 13)

The Jewish people cannot ever be destroyed, but rather they and their G-d of History will emerge in days to come triumphant over the evils and foolishness of all other nations. Zion will and must emerge as the mount to which all peoples will turn and the Jewish L-rd will be the One before Whom all knees bend…

In an essay published in 1982, Kahane stressed the pitiless, either-or, us-or-them, nature of the struggle between Jews and their “enemies”: (note 14)

Let us look at events through Jewish eyes…Lebanon:…A war was begun [by Israel] against a “Palestinian” enemy — an entire people — which seeks to wipe out the Jewish state and the vast majority of its Jews. It was…a war unto the death, the utter destruction of the enemy, the instilling of total fear, terror, until he capitulates and acknowledges the L-rd.

Jewish and liberal democratic values are incompatible, Kahane often insisted: “I have said it a million times. Western democracy as we know it is incompatible with Zionism…The idea of a democratic Jewish state is nonsense.” (note 15) On another occasion he stated: “Democracy is for people who don’t have the truth. No earthly, temporal government has any relevance to the actions of the Jew when its orders and regulations are contrary to [Jewish] Torah law…Judaism has never been a democratic form of society.” (note 16)

A virtual obsession for Kahane was the brutal wartime treatment of Europe’s Jews. “Never Again,” the JDL slogan, pointedly referred to the Holocaust experience. In Kahane’s view, every non-Jew is a potential Nazi murderer. “As long as one gentile lives opposite one Jew, the possibility of a Holocaust remains,” he wrote. (note 17) The moral measure of every action, Kahane stressed, must be “is it good for the Jews?” Failure to act in accordance with this principle, he emphasized, will lead to “a new Auschwitz.” (note 18)

In his biography of Kahane, author Robert Friedman relates some of the quirkiness of the militant rabbi’s personality. Recalling his first meeting with him at his “Museum of the Potential Holocaust” in Jerusalem, Friedman wrote: “It struck me on that first encounter that Kahane was a man obsessed with sex and violence. He chattered incessantly about Arab men sleeping with Jewish women.” (note 19)

Kahane publicly called Arabs “dogs,” (note 20) and on at least one occasion promised to eliminate Arabs from Israel “like bug spray on these cockroaches.” (note 21) In numerous speeches, and in a 1980 book entitled They Must Go, Kahane outlined his plan for the forcible mass expulsion (or “transfer”) of Palestinian Arabs from the “Land of Israel” — that is, “greater Israel” (including the West Bank territory seized by Israel in 1967).

Kahane’s worldview was summed up in the “statement of principles” of the Kach movement, which he founded and headed. It begins with an arrogant description of “the Jewish People” as “special, chosen, holy and supreme.” (note 22) A primary Kach goal is

the transfer of the Arabs from all parts of Eretz Israel [the enlarged “Land of Israel”]. The Arabs’ presence in Israel ensures hatred, disturbances, and bloodshed. It is a time bomb, threatening the existence of the Zionist enterprise. The Arabs living in Eretz Israel must therefore be transferred to the Arab countries.

Kahane and his supporters agitated for an Israeli law that would criminalize sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews. (At it is, Jews were already forbidden from marrying non-Jews in Israel.) The proposed law would also outlaw a broad range of social contacts between Jews and non-Jews, including mixed schools, community centers, beaches, and even neighborhoods. (note 23)

Kahane and his sympathizers have never been particularly bothered by the parallels between his proposed law and Hitler’s “Nuremberg Laws” of 1935, which similarly banned sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews. (note 24)

As Kahane and other hardline Zionists have persistently pointed out, Jewish religious law clearly forbids Jews to marry non-Jews. (note 25) Similarly, Ka-hane never tired of citing Jewish religious scripture in support of his ruthless, uncompromising message. As American Jewish author Lenni Brenner has acknowledged, Kahane and his supporters are (note 26)

absolutely correct in insisting that Judaism was a tribal religion, replete with hereditary priests performing animal sacrifices. It was genocidal to the Amalekites, and tried to do so toward the Canaanites. There was much else that was fanatic and racist.

Few prominent Israeli or American Jewish community leaders were ever willing publicly to support Kahane, and major American Jewish organizations — such as the American Jewish Committee, the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith, and the American Jewish Congress — took care to disavow Kahane and the JDL. At the same time, though — and in spite of his well-documented criminal record and his message of undisguised bigotry and arrogance — Kahane and the JDL enjoyed sympathy and considerable support from a surprisingly broad cross-section of American Jewry. Over the years, American Jewish businessmen gave millions of dollars to Kahane. (note 27)

At the conclusion of an address given in 1971 at a prosperous synagogue in Potomac, Maryland, during which the JDL leader praised the fire-bombing of a car, the well-to-do congregation gave Kahane a standing ovation. (note 28) Jackie Mason, a prominent American comedian, publicly supported Kahane and performed at a fund-raising benefit for the JDL in early 1972. “Democratic principles shouldn’t apply to Israel like they do to America,” explained Mason (like Kahane, an ordained Rabbi). (note 29) At a single fundraiser dinner in Boston in 1986, more than $20,000 was reportedly collected for Kahane. (note 30)

An indication of Kahane’s acceptance by even major American political figures came in 1972, when the JDL leader was invited by US Senator Henry “Scoop” Jackson to stand together with him on a New York City stage. This was during the powerful politician’s campaign for the Democratic party’s presidential nomination. (note 31) Another prominent JDL supporter was US Congressman Mario Biaggi, who represented the Bronx in Washington. (note 32)

A leading Jewish community paper, the sensational Brooklyn-based weekly Jewish Press (with a circulation of 130,000 to 160,000), took on Kahane as an editor and columnist, giving him an influential forum for his strident and often deliberately mendacious writing. (note 33)

America’s most influential daily paper, the (Jewish-owned) New York Times, gave Kahane a measure of respectability and legitimacy by publishing essays by him on its widely read “op ed” opinion page. (note 34) Kahane’s book, They Must Go, which calls for the genocidal mass expulsion of Palestinian Arabs from their ancient homeland, was published in 1980 by the “mainstream” New York publishing firm of Grosset & Dunlap.

American television, newspapers and magazines never subjected Kahane to even a fraction of the criticism and contempt they so readily directed against non-Jewish militants in groups such as the Ku Klux Klan, the “Aryan Nations” or “The Order,” which preached comparable messages and goals.

In Israel, Kahane won support and even a measure of fanatical devotion from many “ordinary” Jews, particularly “Sephardic” Jews from the Arab world (who now make up a majority of Israel’s Jewish population). Describing a visit by Kahane to the Israeli city of Afula in July 1985, during a period of Jewish-Arab tension there, journalist Yair Kotler wrote: (note 35)

His appearance was enough to heat up the atmosphere and incite the curly-haired young people on the street corners, who see each Arab as a potential threat to their social standing.

Those on the street corners shouted “Kahane the savior!”‘ They attacked Arabs, both from within Israel [proper] and the [occupied] territories who came to Afula to work. They threw stones at Arab cars …

They looted shops. The mob continued to shout “Kahane, Kahane! Death to the Arabs,” sweeping before it everyone it encountered …

His [Kahane’s] distorted face was seen by millions of viewers in Israel and throughout the world as he shouted, “The only answer is to throw the Arabs out. I want the Arabs out, out, out!”

The city was a volcano. Kahane had set the tone from afar, and fear and hatred were rampant. Passions ran high. The Arab was the enemy…Meir Kahane, the racist who had come to Israel from the United States, had lit a fire.

Kahane is dead, but the flames of bigotry and fanaticism he worked so hard to fan still burn. Indeed, recent surveys show that ever more Israeli Jews support, or are at least willing to seriously consider, the most brutal measures against the Arabs living under their control, including genocidal forced mass expulsion from the land of “greater Israel.”

Over the years, Zionist militants have carried out hundreds of illegal actions against real or imagined “enemies,” including many acts of vandalism and harassment, and countless threatening phone calls. What follows here, though, are details about some particularly spectacular criminal operations. While JDL responsibility for many of them has been conclusively established, in some cases precise responsibility could not be established.

Perhaps the most widely-publicized crime in which the JDL has been implicated is the murder on October 11, 1985, of Alex Odeh, West Coast regional director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee. Odeh was killed in a bomb blast when he entered his group’s office in Santa Ana, southern California. (note 46)

Alex Odeh

An FBI official announced in 1985 that the Jewish Defense League was believed responsible for the murder of Odeh and at least two other terrorist incidents on the East Coast. “We are attributing the three bombings to the JDL,” said FBI official Lane Bonner. (note 47) Similarly, an FBI report released in July 1986 cited “elements” of the Jewish Defense League as responsible for the murder of Odeh. (note 48)

Three JDL members were identified by US federal investigators in 1988 as the perpetrators of the bombing that took Odeh’s life. The accused assassins, who were born in the USA but fled to Israel to avoid punishment, are Keith Fuchs, Andy Green and Robert Manning. (note 49) Law enforcement officials in Los Angeles and New York have named Robert Manning — an important Jewish Defense League activist — as a suspect in at least four political bombings in 1985, including the one that killed Odeh. Manning, authorities said, had a two-decade history of violent activities that also included threats against producers of a television show. (note 50)

Robert Manning

After joining the southern California chapter of the Jewish Defense League as a charter member in 1971, Manning quickly earned a reputation as a particularly tough street fighter. JDL chief Irv Rubin praised him as a “pretty strong boy. I’ve seen him fight. We tangled with Nazis in the streets, Arabs in the streets. He was a real active guy.” (note 51) In a 1988 court document, a federal prosecutor wrote: “It became known that [Manning], while purporting to act on behalf of the Jewish cause, on several occasions placed or threw explosive devices at locations of Arab antagonists.” (note 52)

The Israeli government sought to obstruct the FBI’s investigation of the Odeh slaying, the federal agency charged in November 1987. (note 53) Manning himself tried to evade extradition by claiming heart trouble, by taking 20 sleeping pills, and by charging that he was being wrongfully persecuted simply because he is a pious, orthodox Jew. In spite of all this, Manning was finally extradited to the United States in July 1993. (note 54)

The US Justice Department’s Federal Bureau of Investigation has repeatedly characterized the JDL as a terrorist and criminal organization. A report issued in 1985 by the FBI’s Terrorist Research and Analytical Center confirmed: (note 55)

In FBI terrorism analyses published since 1981, responsibility for 18 terrorist incidents has been attributed to groups seeking to publicize past and present injustices suffered by the Jewish people. While claims for some of these acts have been made in the names of the “Jewish Defenders,’ “United Jewish Underground,” and “Jewish Direct Action,” 15 of the incidents were attributed to the Jewish Defense League (JDL), by far the most well known of these groups.

Also in 1985, the FBI named the Jewish Defense League as the second most active terrorist group in the United States. (Only Puerto Rican terrorists were more active during this period.) The FBI linked the JDL to 37 terrorist attacks carried out from 1977 to 1984. (note 56) Two years later, the FBI announced that Jewish extremist groups had carried out 24 terrorist acts from 1981 through 1986, 17 of which were the work of the Jewish Defense League. (note 57)

The Jewish Defense League was named in 1985 as a major terrorist group by the USFederal Bureau of Investigation, as a major California newspaper reports here.

Another US federal government agency, the Department of Energy, similarly characterized the JDL in a report issued in 1986: (note 58)

For more than a decade, the Jewish Defense League (JDL) has been one of the most active terrorist groups in the United States. Although the JDL maintains that it is a political action group concerned with dramatizing the plight of Soviet Jewry and, in more general terms, protecting Jews and Jewish interests worldwide, the FBI has long classified it as a terrorist organization.

…The underlying purpose of the JDL is to reverse the mythical image of the Jews as victims. This militancy also fuels the anti-Soviet campaign designed to create and foment new sources of tension in Soviet-American relations …

The JDL, however, has also attacked Arab, Iranian, Iraqi, Egyptian, Palestinian, Lebanese, French, and German targets in the United States … In 1978 [for example], Egyptian diplomats were targeted…Attacks have also been staged by League chapters in France, Britain, Italy and Israel.

David Willcox (left) at a demonstration in Washington, DC, April 22, 1993, to protest the new USHolocaust Memorial Museum. Ashort time after this picture was taken, Zionist hoodlums attacked and seriously injured him. (Photo by Fred Burkhart)

In more recent years, the official report went on,

The JDL has pursued a dual-track strategy of acts of civil disobedience and generally peaceful protest, along with acts of outright terrorism…Bombing is the JDL’s favorite tactic, accounting for 78 percent of all JDL incidents. Shootings are next, accounting for 16 percent, followed by arson, vandalism, and kidnaping, accounting for one percent each …

Since 1968, JDL operations have killed seven persons and wounded at least 22…Sixty-two percent of all JDL attacks are directed against property; 30 percent against businesses; four percent against academics and academic institutions; and two percent against religious targets.

Typically, an anonymous caller will claim responsibility for a specific terrorist act for either the JDL or one of its alleged subgroups, only to have an official spokesman for the JDL deny the group’s involvement the following day.

In the past, although the JDL was among the most active terrorist organizations in the United States, the threat it posed appeared to be primarily symbolic…Recent events, however, suggest that this view requires revision. The increase of militant Jewish terrorism represents not only an escalation of violence, but a significant change in targeting patterns, as well as a dramatic shift in tactics.

…The group appears to be concentrating its efforts on persons and institutions it considers to be enemies of Judaism and Israel. The targets now [1986] include alleged former Nazis and war criminals; Palestinian and Arab individuals and institutions; and persons and so-called research centers promoting views about the Holocaust that minimize the dimensions of Jewish suffering.

Perhaps the most far-reaching change, however, is the increasing use of assassination, both to draw attention to the terrorists’ causes and to eliminate perceived enemies of the Jewish people and Israel.

Besides Kahane, two of the most prominent JDL activists have been Irv Rubin and Mordechai Levy. Each has been repeatedly arrested for criminal activities.

Until 1982 or 1983, Mordechai (Mark) Levy was one of the most active of Jewish Defense League activists. (note 59) Among his numerous arrests was one in 1981 as a suspect in a car bombing. (note 60) On one occasion he dressed up in a full regalia Nazi uniform to apply for a parade permit to march at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, apparently in an effort to alert the local Jewish community to the “dangers of neo-Nazism.” (note 61)

Irv Rubin with JDLfollowers at a 1981 gathering. Holding a baseball bat is Mordechai Levy. Rubin and Levy later became deadly rivals.

After leaving the JDL (supposedly because it was not “militant enough”) he founded the Jewish Defense Organization. He claimed that his group, based in New York City, had more than 3,000 members. (The real figure was probably no more than a few dozen.) In the years that followed, Levy and rival Zionist militant Irv Rubin engaged in increasingly bitter feuding.

In August 1989, Levy was arrested following a dramatic night-time confrontation with Rubin and other JDL members. Fearing that Rubin was trying to kill him, Levy went to the roof of the building where he lived and began spraying the lower Manhattan street with semiautomatic rifle fire, wounding an air-conditioning repairman as he sat in his parked van. (note 62) Levy was later sentenced to four and a half years imprisonment for injuring the 69-year-old repairman. (note 63)

On April 22, 1993, Jewish Defense Organization members attacked demonstrators who had gathered in Washington, DC, to protest the US Holocaust Memorial Museum. At least one person was seriously injured. A JDO spokesman told reporters that several members of his group had attacked and beat “four or five” of the 150 or so persons who had rallied to express their opposition to the Museum. (note 64)

One of the victims was David Willcox, a 52-year-old employee of the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission. He was standing on a street corner when three men wearing black “paramilitary” uniforms and skull caps with the Star of David attacked, beating him on the head and legs with metal pipes. Willcox required hospitalization and 12 stitches in his head.

Two JDO members later confirmed the attack against Willcox. JDO spokesman Michael Schneider told a reporter that his group would continue to do “whatever is necessary ” to “defend” Jews, including attacking “enemies” in the street. The FBI said that it is investigating the attack against Willcox as a possible act of “domestic terrorism,” while city police announced that they were looking into the incident as a possible “hate crime.” (As we go to press, though, no arrests have been made.)

Since the early 1970s, Irv Rubin has been perhaps the most prominent Jewish Defense League activist and spokesman. After a time as leader of the group’s JDL’s West coast operations, he emerged as “national chairman” of the post-Kahane JDL. By 1979, Rubin had managed to get arrested 39 times in connection with JDL activities. (note 65)

Irv Rubin

In March 1992, Irv Rubin was arrested on suspicion of conspiring to commit murder. He was released a few days later after the Los Angeles district attorney’s office determined that police lacked sufficient evidence to hold him. (note 66)

In August 1992, Rubin’s JDL succeeded in forcing a Los Angeles restaurant and nightclub, the Largo, to cancel a concert on behalf of the Palestine Aid Society, to raise money for humanitarian assistance. Rubin warned Largo proprietor Mark Flanagan that he could “expect trouble” and an “angry protest” unless he cancelled the event. Soon after, Flanagan discovered that his business’ door locks had been destroyed by still-dripping fast-acting molecular glue. Then, just hours before the event was to begin, Flanagan canceled the concert out of fear that patrons might be victims of a possible JDL attack. (note 67)

Among the most persistent targets of Jewish terrorists in recent years have been those who reject the generally accepted Holocaust story that six million Jews were systematically murdered in Europe during the Second World War.

In recent decades, a growing number of scholars have been citing an impressive body of evidence that raises serious doubts about many supposedly well-documented aspects of the Holocaust story. These “Holocaust revisionists” include acclaimed best-selling British historian David Irving, French professor Dr. Robert Faurisson and Dr. Arthur Butz of Northwestern University. (For more about Holocaust revisionism and the arguments of revisionist historians, write for a catalog of books, tapes and other material from the Institute for Historical Review.)

Incidents of violence against revisionist “thought criminals” have included:

Mordechai Levy, leader of the militant Jewish Defense Organization, is taken into custody by police following an August 1989 shooting incident in which he wounded a bystander.

Since its founding in 1978, the Institute for Historical Review has been the leading American publisher of books and other materials questioning the Holocaust extermination story. For this reason, its office in southern California, as well as individual IHR employees, soon became targets of a systematic campaign that included a drive-by shooting, three firebombings, vandalization of IHR employee-owned automobiles, slashings of 22 tires of employee automobiles, JDL-organized demonstrations outside the IHR office, and numerous telephone threats during office hours and at night to IHR employees at home. So intense did the harassment become that the family of one IHR employee was forced to move. (note 77)

Jewish Defense League activists, one carrying an Israeli flag, shout slogans while marching outside the office of the Institute for Historical Review in Torrance, California, April 5, 1981.

During the course of a JDL demonstration in front of the IHR office on March 19, 1981, Mordechai Levy and other JDL protesters attacked the car of the landlord’s agent, who had arrived to ensure security. While shouting threats, Levy smashed the right front passenger window of the man’s car as he drove off. (note 78)

A few weeks later, on April 5, 1981, JDL hoodlums staged another violent demonstration outside the IHR office, during which an IHR employee was thrown to the ground and beaten.

In the early morning hours of June 25, 1981, came the first firebombing attack against the IHR office. Fortunately, the arson device — similar to a “Molotov cocktail” — caused only minor damage. A man claiming to represent the “Jewish Defenders” announced responsibility for the attack in phone calls to news agencies. (note 79)

The second arson attack against the IHR office came on April 25, 1982, in which a copy machine, a few pieces of furniture and some records were damaged. In a telephone message to a local news agency, a group calling itself “the Jewish Defenders” claimed responsibility. (note 80)

In an attack on September 5, 1982, the IHR office was riddled with gunfire, demolishing two windows and damaging the front door. Additionally, a small arson device caused some slight damage to the front of the office. Later that day, as throughout the week, came a barrage of murder-threatening telephone calls. Although the caller’s voice was identified as that of Mordechai Levy, typically, no one was arrested in the case. (note 81)

This terror campaign culminated in a devastating arson attack on the Institute’s offices and warehouse in Torrance on July 4, 1984 — the 209th anniversary of American independence. Damage in the attack, carried out in the early morning hours of the 4th, was estimated at $400,000. (note 82)

In a special edition of the IHR Newsletter (August 1984), IHR Director J. Marcellus summed up:

As a physical entity, the Institute for Historical Review has virtually ceased to exist. Ninety percent of our book and tape inventory — the largest collection of revisionist historical literature to be found anywhere — has been wiped out. Every last piece of office equipment and machinery — including desks, chairs, files and shelves — lay in charred heaps of useless, twisted scrap. Manuscripts, documents, artwork, galleys and film negatives — products of more than six long years of a tough, dedicated effort to bring suppressed historical data to people the world over — no longer exist. Tens of thousands of books…estimated at over $300,000 in value, are gone…More than 2,500 square feet of space that was once the world’s most controversial publisher lies blackened in chaos and total ruin.

Two days later, JDL leader Irv Rubin showed up at the site of the gutted IHR offices to publicly praise the arson attack. The JDL, he declared, “wholeheartedly applauds the recent devastation of the offices of the Institute for Historical Review.” Denying any personal responsibility himself, Rubin said that the criminal attack had been carried out by a former JDL activist named Larry Winston (Joel Cohen). “I believe, with all my heart, that he [Winston/Cohen] had something to do with this” arson, Rubin declared. (note 83)

Some attendees of the 1989 IHRConference demonstrate outside the Red Lion Inn Costa Mesa,California, to protest the hotel’s capitulation to threat and intimidation by the Jewish Defense League.

Although no one was ever arrested in connection with the 1984 firebombing, the sophisticated nature of the attack suggests that it could have been the work of trained operatives of a foreign governmental agency.

Apart from local news coverage, American newspapers and television reported almost nothing about this act of criminal “book burning.” This skewed media treatment moved noted journalist Alexander Cockburn to observe (in the pages of the liberal weekly The Nation): (note 84)

The outfit in the United States that does publish material belittling generally accepted accounts of the Nazi extermination of the Jews is called the Institute for Historical Review. I don’t recall much fuss when its offices in Torrance, California, were firebombed in July 1984. Perhaps this is what Mailer meant by “sophistication” in handling such heterodox opinion.

At the same time, though, a few prominent voices courageously spoke out against the attack. American historian John Toland — who received the Pulitzer prize for general non-fiction in 1971 for his book The Rising Sun — wrote to the IHR: (note 85)

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The Zionist Terror Network (book)

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Jewish Defense League | Southern Poverty Law Center

The JDL’s position with regard to Israel is denial of any Palestinian claims to land and the calling for the removal of all Arabs from the “Jewish-inherited soil.” The group has orchestrated countless terrorist attacks in the U.S. and abroad, and has engaged in intense harassment of foreign diplomats, Muslims, Jewish scholars and community leaders, and officials.

In Its Own Words

“To turn the other cheek is not a Jewish concept. Do not listen to the soothing anesthesia of the establishment. They walk in the paths of those whose timidity helped bury our brothers and sisters less than thirty years ago.”Rabbi Meir Kahane, Jewish Defense League founder

“[I]n the end with few exceptions the Jew can look to no one but another Jew for help and the true solution to the Jewish problem is the liquidation of the Exile and the return of all Jews to Eretz Yisroel the land of Israel.” Jewish Defense League’s “Five Principles”

“It was the lack of discipline and Jewish unity that led continually to the destruction of the Jewish people. It is Jewish unity and self-discipline that will lead to the triumph of the Jewish people.” Jewish Defense League’s “Five Principles”

Background

The Jewish Defense League was founded in 1968 by Rabbi Meir Kahane (born Martin Kahane). Its inception was part of the white backlash surrounding the New York City teachers’ union strikes of 1968. The strikes brought to the surface racial tension between the predominantly Jewish teachers union, and black residents who were seeking greater control over their neighborhood schools. This, coupled with black demands for more civil service jobs, stirred the already hostile racial climate in Manhattan’s neighborhoods and led working-class Jews in the outer boroughs to join the JDL. Kahane, who then wrote for The Jewish Weekly, an Orthodox periodical, flooded the tabloids with stories of blacks and Puerto Ricans terrorizing Jews in Manhattan. He dispatched JDL units to “patrol” predominantly Jewish areas, which ultimately led to an ethnic polarization of neighborhoods.

By 1970, however, the JDL had changed its primary cause to the plight of Soviet Jews. From that point on, the main objective of the JDL was to terrorize Soviet establishments in the U.S. to influence the communist nation to change its anti-Semitic policies specifically, its ban on emigration to Israel. The terrorism become so severe that President Richard Nixon feared JDL activity would threaten the Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty (SALT) II negotiations with the Soviet Union. In 1970 alone, the JDL committed five acts of terrorism, taking over the East Park Synagogue in Manhattan twice, in May and in November, to protest the Soviet U.N. Mission across the street. Throughout the 1970s and ’80s, JDL members did everything from pouring blood over the head of a Soviet diplomat at a reception in Washington, D.C., to planting a smoke bomb in a Carnegie Hall performance of a Soviet orchestra. With each incident, the JDL claimed responsibility by phoning in its official slogan, in reference to the Holocaust, “Never again!”

Members of the Jewish community in Moscow, however, made clear that they did not appreciate the JDL’s efforts in the U.S., which were made allegedly on their behalf. In a New York Times article headlined “Anti-Soviet Violence Here Upsets Jews in Moscow,” Soviet Jews publicly made their case against the JDL. “A number of Jewish activists refused permission to emigrate feel that [anti-Soviet] harassment in New York hurts their cause and may give Soviet authorities an excuse to become even more intransigent,” the newspaper reported.

Though Soviets were their main victims, the JDL has targeted anyone it considers a threat to the survival of radical Jewish nationalism. This includes U.S. and foreign diplomats, domestic radical-right organizations, Arab and Muslim activists, journalists and scholars, and Jewish community members who are simply not “Jewish enough.” In 1975, six JDL members forced their way into the office of the executive vice president of the San Francisco Jewish Welfare Foundation and assaulted four staff members, including one who had been crippled from time spent in a concentration camp. The break-in was to protest the “slow response” of the federation to community needs of Jews in San Francisco.

The following year, JDL members began targeting diplomats of all nations who had voted for a U.N. resolution equating Zionism with racism. Three members were charged with invading and vandalizing the Mexican consulate in Philadelphia, and were later convicted of obstructing foreign officials and their duties, damaging property of a foreign government, and conspiracy.

The JDL also pitted its radical agenda against that of Nazis. In 1981, 20 members of the JDL took over the offices of the American Civil Liberties Union in Atlanta to protest its representation of neo-Nazis in court. Later that year, eight members attacked National Socialist Party of America leader Harold Covington with steel pipes as he approached NBC studios in New York, which led Covington to state, later that evening on the “Tomorrow” show, that “all Jews should be gassed.” Earlier that year, the JDL had terrorized Boleslavs Maikovskis, an accused Nazi war criminal. A representative from the JDL took responsibility for throwing four gasoline firebombs into the Latvian ex-Nazi’s home in Mineola, N.Y.

The JDL has experienced waves of internal strife throughout its years of operation, first of all with Kahane’s emigration to Israel in 1971. Kahane’s successor, David Fisch, was a Columbia University student who could not maintain unity in the early years. Kahane returned to the U.S. in 1974 to name Russel Kelner international chairman. Kelner was a former U.S. Army lieutenant, trained in guerilla warfare and ready to direct the JDL’s paramilitary camp. In 1990, an Egyptian-born Islamic extremist, El Sayyid Nosair, assassinated Kahane during a Zionist conference in New York City, again throwing the group into disarray.

The JDL got some unwelcome international attention in 1994, when Baruch Goldstein, a JDL member, massacred 29 Palestinian Muslims kneeling in prayer at a mosque in the West Bank city of Hebron. The JDL’s website justifies Goldstein’s mass murder by saying “Goldstein took a preventative measure against yet another Arab attack on Jews.”

In 2002, then-JDL Chairman Irv Rubin was jailed while awaiting trial on charges of conspiracy in planning bomb attacks against the King Fahd Mosque in Culver City, Calif., and on the office of Arab-American Congressman Darrell Issa. Rubin slit his throat with a prison-issued safety razor, and fell or jumped off a balcony, sustaining injuries that led to his death several days later. Rubin’s co-defendant in the case, Earl Krugel, met a similar fate in 2005 in a Phoenix prison when another inmate, reportedly, swung a bag containing a cinderblock into the back of Krugel’s head, killing him. Krugel was murdered less than two months after being sentenced as part of a plea bargain.

In 2003, the Rubin family filed a wrongful death suit, citing allegedly suspicious circumstances. Upon the death of Rubin, Shelley Rubin, Irv’s widow, named Bill Maniaci temporary leader of the JDL. In 2004, Rubin called for Maniaci to resign. When he refused, he was stripped of his title and membership, taking a large portion of the organization with him. After a lengthy legal battle over the JDL’s intellectual property and website, Shelley Rubin won the title of permanent chairman and CEO of the JDL.

In 2009, never-before-seen FBI documents concerning Rubin’s alleged confession and details about his death were published by the online news site TheEnterpriseReport.com.

The FBI deemed the league a right-wing terrorist group in their report “Terrorism 2000/2001,” but its domestic influence has waned in the years since, and today the JDL has no active chapters in the U.S. The JDL continues to wield steady membership through its website and blog, which distort news stories in order to vilify politicians, academics, and community leaders as “anti-Semitic.” One such attack was entitled “Carter the Jew Hater,” and attacked the former president’s book, Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid. The JDL today has chapters in Eastern Europe, Canada, Australia, South Africa, Russia, and the United Kingdom.

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Jewish Defence League UK (JDL): FAQ’s

Q. Do I have to be Orthodox to join JDL? Are Conservative and Reform Jews welcome to join JDL? Do I even have to be Jewish? (Recently Updated) A. The Jewish Defense League does not believe in “hypenated Jews”: A Jew is a Jew to us. Our membership reflects this philosophy, running the gamut from the completely secular to the Talmid Chacham (Torah scholar). While our ideology promotes the Torah approach to Judaism and is most well aligned with “Orthodox” Judaism, Reform, Conservative and religiously-unaffiliated Jews are well represented within JDL ranks. JDL membership is open to anyone – including the non-Jew – who believes in our cause and is willing to defend Jews and Judaism, which includes Jewish rights, honor, property and institutions. Q. How do you write “Jewish Defense League” in Hebrew? A. The name of the Jewish Defense League in Hebrew is (transliterated, HaLiga L’Hagana Yehudit). Q. Why has JDL received so much criticism in the past? A. We get criticized all the time, but are much too busy helping the Jewish People to waste time on trivial personalities and trivial matters. When you walk down the street and a dog barks at you, you don’t bark back at it. We do appreciate criticism, however, coming from the “Jewish Establishment,” which did absolutely nothing to save Six Million European Jews. (We strongly encourage those who don’t know the history of the Establishment during the Holocaust to read the book While Six Million Died by Arthur Morse.) This same establishment did nothing about Soviet Jews, Ethiopian Jews or any other beleaguered Jews in our time; only when it became fashionable did Federation Jews get involved. It was JDL that brought the issue of Soviet Jews to the front page of the Anglo press. Until then, nobody knew about the 2.5 million Jews dying a spiritual death there; after JDL was done with its campaign the gates were opened for Soviet Jewry to emigrate. Many people disliked the views and tactics taught by Rabbi Kahane, but his ideology is being vindicated with every passing day. An increasing number of formerly crticial people are to starting to concede that JDL’s positions are sensible and difficult to argue against. Of course, it is true that there have been some controversies in the past in which certain members got into trouble, and there have also been some dangerous baseless acusations made against the League in the past (including the malicious prosecution and subsequent wrongful death of our late chairman Irv Rubin, ), but JDL has a strict no tolerance policy on even the mere suggestion of felonious activity that it enforces to protect everyone involved. Q. What good things does JDL do that nobody ever hears about? A. Lots of what we do never gets reported. Nobody likes good news, do they? Walking elderly Jews to synagogue, collecting money and food for poor Jews, settling neighborhood problems, Jewish educational programs and so on and so on — no one ever hears about these JDL activities unless we publicize them ourselves, which we don’t always do. That’s okay; we do them anyway. Often, disputes between individuals or moronic policies by corporations have been settled by JDL with single phone calls. In some situations the people JDL assists don’t want to publicize their stories, and we respect those requests. Over the last year (2010-2011), a JDL leader has generously extended his time and personal resources to help a downtrodden, psychologically impaired Jewish woman who has been on the receiving end of an onslaught from corrupt animal rights officials. Smaller tasks that JDL performs every day aren’t necessarily news-worthy, but they make the difference to those who are helped. Q. Does JDL hold racist views toward any group? Absolutely, unequivocally, noJDL is not a racist or bigoted organization in any way. Although we sometimes are required to speak in unambiguous terms about racial, ethnic and religious conflicts various groups are engaged in with Jews, JDL judges the conduct of people individually and without regard to any category they may fall under.And while JDL’s primary mission is to defend Am Yisrael, we extend support to non-Jews as well; JDL helps decent people in distress of all races, ethnicities and religions. Q. How does JDL feel about Yigal Amir, the alleged assassin of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin? A. We feel that Yigal Amir wasted his precious life. However, we have now included the “alleged” qualifier with this answer because since our original answer was published substantial additional evidence came to light indicating the assassination may have been a conspiracy and Amir the Israeli government’s patsy. But assuming Amir was legitimately guilty of the assasination, taking the life of Rabin was not worth Amir spending the rest of his life in an Israeli prison. The Israeli people would have taken Rabin out of office. While we were and remain ideologically opposed to Rabin and the false peace process he foisted on Israel, we believe ballots, not bullets, would have been the only correct way to deal with him. And even though Rabin was responsible for the murder of 18 precious Jewish souls aboard the Irgun ship the Altalena, his assassination was nonetheless wrong and counter-productive. Rabin’s murder gave leftist Jews in Israel (as well as leftists in general) a martyr, a hero, and a weapon to use in furthering Rabin’s political agenda (the false peace process) against Israel’s best interests, all of which they do not deserve. Today even many right-wing Israelis treat Rabin with great reverence, treatment he would not have received if he had served out his term and died years later from natural causes. That would have allowed him to witness the horrific effects of his woefully misguided attempt at peace and would have given Israelis the chance to view his record more objectively. Q. How does JDL feel about Dr. Boruch Goldstein? A. Dr. Goldstein was a brilliant surgeon, a mild-mannered Yeshiva-educated man who was promoted to the rank of major in the IDF. He was warned by his superiors in the military to prepare an open field hospital in anticipation of another murderous attack by the hostile Arab population of Hevron during the Jewish festival of Purim. Many of these Arabs were standing outside Goldstein’s synagogue in the Cave of the Patriarchs and yelling “Slaughter the Jew.” Goldstein had lost 30 close friends in the last few years; they were murdered by Arabs in the Hevron-Kiryat Arba area. One of those was the son of his best friend, Mordechai Lapid; as Goldstein rushed to give the young man medical aid, he was held back by the Arabs on the scene and the young man died. Additionally, as there is proof that the Arabs were hoarding food and supplies in response to a Muslim call for a massacre on the Jewish holiday of Purim, we feel that Goldstein took a preventative measure against yet another Arab attack on Jews. We understand his motivation, his grief and his actions. We do not consider his assault to qualify under the label of terrorism because Dr. Goldstein was a soldier in a war zone who was faced by an imminent terrorist threat. We teach that violence is never a good solution but is unfortunately sometimes necessary as a last resort when innocent lives are threatened; we therefore view Dr. Goldstein as a martyr in Judaism’s protracted struggle against Arab terrorism. And we will never be ashamed to say that Goldstein was a charter member of the Jewish Defense League. Q. How has JDL viewed offers from notorious Jew-haters like Louis Farrakhan to discuss their differences with Jewish leaders? A. As far as JDL is concerned, there is no common ground for discussion with those individuals. Years ago, Louis Farrakhan extended an invitation to Jewish leaders to have a discussion with him. As one would expect, those establishment Jewish leaders accepted the invitation and found themselves dismayed with the outcome. Even Edgar Bronfman, famed Canadian Jewish liberal, said he regretted his meeting with Farrakhan. High-profile Jew-haters will most likely not be changed one iota by attempts at dialog with them. Some ignorant Jew-haters can be convinced to change their opinions if they are shown overwhelming evidence against their positions, but the worst among them are too deeply invested in hatred to change their ways so easily. Q. Why didn’t the JDL condemn the 1985 murder of Alex Odeh, director of the American Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee? Did JDL have anything to do with the bombing that killed him? A. It is true that JDL International Chairman Irv Rubin, HY”D, publicly stated that Odeh “got what he deserved” in the bombing of the ADC offices in Santa Ana, California. He also said, “I’m not crying over the death of Alex Odeh. My tear ducts are dry. My tears were used up crying for Leon Klinghoffer.” Rubin made these passionate statements after observing Odeh on television less than 24 hours before his death on the local ABC news whitewashing the PLO’s involvement in the death of the wheelchair-bound Klinghoffer on the hijacked cruise ship Achille Lauro. Odeh praised the PLO and called Arafat a man of peace. JDL believesand there is no information to the contrarythat Odeh was murdered by his own people, probably Hamas, who believed Odeh to be too moderate. Q. Why did the murderer of Rabbi Meir Kahane – El Sayyid Nosair- get off? A. Although Nosair was acquitted by a “Third World” New York State Court Jury – every Jew who was a possible juror was summarily disqualified by the defense attorneys – he was found guilty of murder by a federal court jury years later. Nosair was sentenced to life in prison along with Sheik Rahman, the architect of the first World Trade Center bombing. It is now well known that if federal authorities had paid attention to Rabbi Kahane’s assassination, they would have had a better chance of preventing the first attack, which, of course, was the major inspiration for the second and final World Trade Center attack on 9/11/2001. Q. Is JDL anti-homosexual? A. JDL seeks to encourage belief in the morality of our Creator as set down in His eternal Torah, and the Torah forcefully denounces male homosexual activity. We believe that the recent judicial trend in the United States to denigrate the institution of marriage by redefining the term to include homosexual couples is an especially inappropriate extension of judicial power, but even legislatures in democracies are not free to arbitarily redefine the meanings cultural institutions like marriage because of political correctness. We don’t ask our members or supporters about their sexual activities, but we do not condone homosexual behavior as we feel it is detrimental to the perpetuation of Jewish life. However, it is not up to us to judge or condemn homosexuals. G-d judges all of his creation but is also merciful to humanity, knowing that we are souls placed in fallible flesh. The 5 JDL UK Principles: Ahavat Yisrael- Love of Jewry:The Jewish Defense League came into being to educate the Jewish people to the concept of Ahavat Yisrael meaningone Jewish people, indivisible and united, from which flows the love for and the feeling of pain of all Jews. It sees the need for a movement that is dedicated specifically to Jewish problems and that allocates its time, resources, energies and funds to Jews. It realizes that in the end, with few exceptions, thatthe Jew can look to no one but another Jew for help and that the true solution to the Jewish problem is the peaceful liquidation of the Exile (may it come speedily, and in our days, as prophesied) and the return of all Jews to Eretz Yisrael, the land of Israel. It sees an immediate need to place Judaism over any other “ism” and ideology and calls for the use of the yardstick: “Is it good for Jews?” Hadar – Dignity and Pride: JDL teaches the concept of Hadar, pride in and knowledge of Jewish tradition, faith, culture, land, history, strength, pain and peoplehood. Hadar is the need to have pride in Judaism and not allow it to be disgraced and defiled by beating and desecration of Jewish honor. This is the concept that the great Jewish leader Zev Jabotinsky attempted to instill in the oppressed and degraded masses of Eastern Europe 70 years ago. The anti-Semite’s hatred and contempt of the Jew is an attempt to degrade us. It is an attempt to instill within the Jew a feeling of inferiority. It is an attempt that, all too often, succeeds in promoting Jewish self-hatred and shame in an attempt to escape one’s Jewishness. Hadar is pride. Hadar is self-respect. Hadar is dignity in being a Jew. Barzel – Iron: JDL upholds the principle of Barzel, iron, the need to both move to help Jews everywhere and to change the Jewish image through sacrifice and all necessary means, strength, force and even violence as a last resort. The Galut image of the Jew as a weakling, as one who is easily stepped upon and who does not fight back is an image that must be changed. Not only does that image cause immediate harm to Jews but it is a self-perpetuating thing. Because a Jew runs away or because a Jew allows himself to be stepped upon, he guarantees that another Jew in the future will be attacked because of the image that he has perpetuated. JDL wants to create a physically strong, fearless and courageous Jew who fights back. We are changing an image, an image born of 2,000+ years in the Galut, an image that must be buried because it has buried us. We train ourselves for the defense of Jewish lives and Jewish rights. We learn how to fight physically, for it is better to know how and not have to, than have to and not know how. Mishmaat – Discipline and Unity: Mishmaat: discipline and dedication creates within a Jew the knowledge that he or she can and will do whatever must be done, and the unity and strength of willpower to bring this into reality. It was the lack of discipline and Jewish unity that led continually to the destruction of the Jewish people. It is Jewish unity and self-discipline that will lead to the triumph of the Jewish people.

Bitachon – Faith in The Indestructibility of The Jewish People:

Faith in the greatness and indestructibility of the Jewish people, our religion and our Land of Israel is Bitachon. It is a faith that is built by our belief in HaShem Tzvaot, the one and only Jewish G-d of Hosts and the incredible saga of Jewish history that has seen us overcome the flood of enemies that have arisen to wipe us out in every generation. It is this faith in the permanence and survival of the Jewish people that, in turn, gives faith in the ultimate success of the Jewish Defense League. No matter how difficult, no matter how impossible the task may seem, if it is a good task, if it is a holy task, it will succeed, because it must.

The sources for the philosophy and actions of the Jewish Defense League are Jewish sources. They stem from the wellsprings of Jewish tradition and have their roots in Jewish teachings. In the Hebrew Scriptures, in the Talmud, in the teachings of Chazal, our blessed rabbis throughout the ages, in Jewish practice throughout history, the concepts of Ahavat Yisrael and Hadar Yisrael and the practices of Barzel Yisrael, Mishmaat Yisrael and Bitachon Yisrael are hallowed. At the same time, an eternal debt is owed to Jews of our age who also recognized that these concepts are indeed Jewish and who fought an assimilated Jewish tide to put them into practice. We refer to the great Zev Jabotinsky, his followers and his movement of which we consider ourselves a spiritual part. And sitting in Heaven righteously alongside Jabotinsky is the founder and forever spiritual leader of the Jewish Defense League, Rabbi Meir Kahane. May the Almighty grant us the understanding to recognize and act on our problems forthrightly and the courage to go out to battle against our enemies in the face of all obstacles, from within and without.

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Jewish Defence League UK (JDL): FAQ’s

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July 28, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

Hate Radio: Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion turned into Audiobook

Something dangerous is happening, the hate is percolating like coffee, anti-Semites are turning all the anti-Semitic books from history into audiobooks.This is a very dangerous development.Please report this audiobook to The Internet Archive, ask them to delete it, before people download it and upload it to other video sharing web sites.Please take action immediately, before […]

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January 1, 2017   Posted in: Anti-Defamation League, Israel, Israel Apartheid, Jewish American Heritage Month, Jewish Defense League, Jewish Extremism, Jewish Heritage, Jewish History, Jewish Lobby, Jewish Racism, Jewish Supremacism, Jews, Judaism, Mark Potok, Morris Dees, Neo Nazi, Shoah, SPLC, White Nationalism, White Power, White Privilege, White Racism, White Supremacism, Zionism  Comments Closed

Bridget Loves Bernie – Wikipedia

Bridget Loves Bernie is an American television comedy program created by Bernard Slade, the creator of the 197074 ABC sitcom The Partridge Family and the 1967-70 sitcom The Flying Nun. Depicting an interfaith marriage between a Catholic woman and a Jewish man, Bridget Loves Bernie was based loosely on the premise of the 1920s Broadway play and 1940s radio show Abie’s Irish Rose. It stars Meredith Baxter and David Birney as the title characters. It was cancelled by CBS after only one season, despite high ratings. Baxter and Birney married in real life after the program went off the air. The series depicted an interfaith marriage between a wealthy Irish Catholic teacher (Bridget) and a Jewish cab driver (Bernie), whom she had met at a bus stop. With a primetime slot between All in the Family and The Mary Tyler Moore Show on Saturday nights, the situation comedy was #5 in the ratings among all shows for that television season and obtained a 24.2 rating, tying with The NBC Sunday Mystery Movie. However CBS executives canceled the show in response to negative reactions to the characters’ marriage, making it the highest-rated television program to be canceled after only one season.[1] Supporting cast members included Audra Lindley, David Doyle, Harold J. Stone, Ned Glass, and Bibi Osterwald. Lindley and Doyle played Bridget’s wealthy parents, Walter and Amy Fitzgerald, and Stone and Osterwald played Bernie’s more down-to-earth parents, Sam and Sophie Steinberg. The Steinbergs owned a delicatessen above which Bridget and Bernie lived. Glass played Bernie’s uncle, Moe Plotnik. Actor Robert Sampson played Father Michael Fitzgerald, a Catholic priest, who was Bridget’s brother, and was more sympathetic to his sister’s marriage. Bill Elliott played Otis, Bernie’s best friend and fellow cab driver. Nora Marlowe was cast as Aunt Agnes in the 1972 episode “The Little White Lie That Grew and Grew”. The series was controversial due to the differing faiths of the married characters. Some Jewish groups charged that the series “mocked the teachings of Judaism.”[2][3] Rabbi Wolfe Kelman, executive vice-president of the Rabbinical Assembly of America, called the show an insult to some of the most sacred values of both the Jewish and Catholic religions.”[4]Rabbi Meir Kahane dedicated full columns to the episode.[5]Orthodox rabbis met with CBS officials several times. A conservative rabbi organized a boycott by advertisers, and reform rabbis met with CBS staff in secret to have the show cancelled. Rabbi Abraham Gross, president of the Rabbinical Alliance of Orthodox Rabbis and Educators, described the show as a “flagrant insult” to Jews, protesting that intermarriage was strictly forbidden under Jewish law. Threats followed. Meredith Baxter said, “We had bomb threats on the show. Some guys from the Jewish Defense League came to my house to say they wanted to talk with me about changing the show.” Threatening phone calls made to the home of producer Ralph Riskin resulted in the arrest of Robert S. Manning,[6] described as a member of the Jewish Defense League.[7] Manning was later indicted on murder charges, and fought extradition to the U.S. from Israel, where he had moved.[8] On December 4, 2012, Sony Pictures Home Entertainment released the complete series on DVD in Region 1.[9] This is a Manufacture-on-Demand (MOD) release, available exclusively through Amazon.com & WBShop.com and only in the US.

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December 20, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

English Defence League – Wikipedia

The English Defence League (EDL) is a far-right[6][7][8][9][10]street protest movement which focuses on opposition to what it considers to be a spread of Islamism and Sharia in the United Kingdom.[11][12][13][14][15][16] The EDL has been described as Islamophobic,[8][17] and was until 2013 “the most significant counter-jihad movement in Europe” and considered by some academics to be “one of the more intriguing developments on the far right”.[18] The group has faced confrontations with various groups, including Unite Against Fascism (UAF).[19] In October 2013 the group’s co-founders, Tommy Robinson and Kevin Carroll, left the group, with Robinson citing concerns over the “dangers of far-right extremism”.[20] He was replaced as leader by Tim Ablitt.[21] The EDL originated from a group known as the “United Peoples of Luton” (UPL). The UPL had been formed in response to a demonstration organised by the extremist Islamist organisation, Al-Muhajiroun, against the war in Afghanistan, held in March 2009 as the Royal Anglian Regiment marched through Luton after a tour of duty in the Helmand province campaign.[22] When the Luton counter-demonstration led to arrests, local football supporters, according to a BBC News report, “decided something should be done” and “found common cause with other ‘soccer casuals’ and ‘firms’ associated with major clubs. The chatter concluded that [Islamic extremism] was a national problem and they had to put aside club rivalries.”[23] EDL’s original leader, Stephen Yaxley-Lennon, known as ‘Tommy Robinson’ (taking his assumed name from the author of two books about the Luton Town MIGs football hooligan firm[24]), recalled that he had been prompted to found the organisation after he had read in a newspaper about a group of local Islamists attempting to recruit men outside a local bakery in Luton to fight for the Taliban in Afghanistan: “I was like, they can’t do that! In working class communities, we all know somebody in the armed forces. I’ve got a mate who lost his legs. And these lot were sending people to kill our boys.”[25] Although Robinson repeatedly insisted from the early days of the organisation that the EDL was “against the rise of radical Islam” and that its members “aren’t against Islam”, its rank-and-file were noted for including football hooligans and members who described themselves as anti-Muslim.[23][24] Robinson reportedly considered forming the EDL into a political party.[26] In November 2011, the EDL formed an alliance with an offshoot of the British National Party (BNP), known as the British Freedom Party (BFP), under which EDL members would be invited to join and stand as candidates in elections.[27] Another senior member is Alan Lake, who has been described as the EDL’s chief financier, which Lake denies.[28] In January 2012, Tommy Robinson expressed a wish to expand the definition of the EDL to a wider European Defence League.[29] The EDL evolved from the football casual subculture and is loosely organised around figures in hooligan firms.[12] There is no formal membership, and EDL membership figures are not clear. The think tank Demos estimated that there were between 25,000 and 35,000 active members in 2011.[30][31] The internet hacktivist group Anonymous has published personal details of EDL members as part of a campaign against the group.[32] History professor Nigel Copsey notes that “There is no official membership card, or fees/subs as such”. This, he suggests, allows the advantage of not having a membership list to leak.[33] In October 2009, the EDL claimed to have thousands of members in scores of branches,[34] and the organisation’s spokesman Trevor Kelway explained that about 300 active supporters attended demonstrations with support from Cardiff, Swansea, Luton and Portsmouth.[35][36] At the time “an analyst” claimed the group had between 300 and 500 active supporters that it could mobilise at any given time.[11][35] Researchers have suggested that the EDL is unusual among far-right groups, because it seeks to attract non-white support, but its discourse is seen as “one that reflects that of the BNP and others albeit tailored to be more inclusive and by consequence, more relevant to contemporary Britain’s inherent diversity”.[7][37] Some scholarly fieldwork into the group noted the anti-racist statements and efforts of EDL organisers but suggested that racism and Islamophobia “may well be more commonplace among the EDL’s ‘rank and file’ than the group’s leaders would publicly admit,” and one of their marches was heavily promoted on the fascist and white supremacist website “Stormfront.”[8] Tommy Robinson has previously issued an anti-Nazi statement and taken part in the burning of a Nazi flag in a warehouse in Luton, at a 2009 press conference.[38] The EDL expressed support for the monarchy by vowing to rally in support of the wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, but later cancelled the event.[39] The Guardian has reported conflict in the EDL between a primarily northern-based group called The Infidels, who hold more traditional far-right views, and members in the Midlands and South. The article suggested that the EDL and the British National Party cannot simultaneously survive for long but that right-wing populism will continue.[40] In April 2013, the EDL leadership requested that members used tactical voting to benefit the UK Independence Party (UKIP). UKIP responded by distancing themselves from the EDL and its views.[41] Since its foundation the principal activity of the EDL has been street demonstrations. In the main these have involved counter demonstrations, violence and frequent arrests.[42] The group makes vigorous attempts to influence public debate and opinion, but Tommy Robinson, who was also deputy leader of the British Freedom Party,[43] asserts that the EDL does not aspire to be a political party: “We know who our masters are. We just want them to do their job.”[42] The deputy leader of the EDL, Kevin Carroll, stood for the BFP in the 2012 Police and Crime Commissioner elections for Bedfordshire Police and polled 8,675 first round votes (10.6%) coming in fourth place[44] with a saved deposit. In January 2013, Carroll replaced Paul Weston as chairman of the BFP.[45] Clint Bristow, who worked as a local organiser for the EDL in Doncaster, stood as an independent in the 2012 parliamentary by-election in Rotherham. He came last with 29 votes (0.1%).[46] The group says that its aim is to demonstrate peacefully in English, as well as Welsh, towns and cities,[34] but conflicts with Unite Against Fascism (UAF), local opposition and other opponents have led to street violence, anti-social behaviour and arrests. A proposed march in Luton in September 2009 was banned by the police, citing a threat to public safety.[48] There is normally heavy policing of these demonstrations, due to the likelihood of violence. The cost of policing these demonstrations has ranged from 300,000[49] to 1 million.[50] Journalists that have covered EDL marches have received death threats,[51] for instance journalist Jason N. Parkinson from The Guardian wrote about receiving a death threat by email from someone he described as an EDL organiser, as well as death threats sent to Marc Valle, a fellow journalist.[52] Four specialist national police units involved in policing hooliganism, extreme violence, and terrorism are investigating the EDL.[23] After their second demonstration in Birmingham Assistant Chief Constable Sharon Rowe of West Midlands Police: “Really, there was no intent to protest. I think they knew that the community was very much against them coming to the city, which… potentially would generate violence”.[53] Before their Manchester demonstration of October 2009, the EDL held a press conference, during which they burned a Nazi flag and asserted that “There is no militant undertone. We will peacefully protest but we will not be scared into silence”.[54] During the Manchester city centre demonstration Mat Trewern, from BBC Radio Manchester reported that “At one point, earlier on, when it became extremely tense, members of the UAF tried to break the police line between the two groups”. Greater Manchester Police confirmed a man, believed to be heading to the protest, had earlier been arrested in Birmingham on suspicion of distributing racially aggravated material.[55] One week later, at a Welsh Defence League demonstration, supporters burnt an anti-Nazi flag and made Nazi salutes.[56] In January 2010 in Stoke-on-Trent, EDL members broke through police lines; four police officers were injured and police vehicles were damaged.[57] In March 2010 in Bolton, 74 people were arrested in the demonstrations; at least 55 of the arrested were from the UAF and nine from the EDL.[58] Weyman Bennett, joint secretary of Unite Against Fascism, was arrested and charged with conspiracy to organise violent disorder,[59]Martin Smith, of Love Music Hate Racism, and Dr Moran, joint secretary of Greater Manchester UAF, were among those arrested on conspiracy charges.[60] Assistant Chief Constable Garry Shewan, from Greater Manchester Police (GMP), said that UAF protesters were responsible for most of the trouble and that they had turned up intending to cause trouble: “It is clear to me that a large number have attended with the sole intention of committing disorder and their actions have been wholly unacceptable.”[59] At the EDL’s second Dudley protest, on 17 July 2010, there was widespread damage to local property. The local council estimated the bill to be over 500,000.[61] On 11 September 2010, police in Oldham received an advance call from the EDL. Around mid-day approximately 120 supporters had arrived in the town. A separate group of around 50 members attacked a police car with bottles. There were 8 arrests for public order offences.[62] On 9 October 2010, a police officer and several civilians were injured during protests by the English Defence League and Unite Against Fascism in Leicester. A Sky News van was attacked by members of the English Defence League[63] who had earlier thrown fireworks, smokebombs and bricks at police[64] and smashed windows of the city’s International Arts Centre.[65] There were also clashes between EDL supporters and local black and Asian youths as a group broke out of the EDL protest site at Humberstone Gate East and engaged with the locals. One man from Tyne and Wear was later convicted of causing criminal damage to the value of 1500 to a restaurant in this area of the city.[47] Riot police fought to maintain control over the sporadic fighting that ensued.[66] Thirteen people were arrested, one on suspicion of assaulting a police officer,[67] only one was from the city of Leicester[68] and the cost of policing the demonstration was put at 850,000.[69] In February 2011, prior to an EDL march in Luton, national British newspapers ran headlines with expectations of violence.[70] The march, which was held on 5 February 2011, was concluded without major incident.[71] On 10 August, during the 2011 England riots Acting Metropolitan Police Commissioner Tim Godwin expressed concern that the EDL and the BNP were seeking to exploit the situation after ninety EDL members joined vigilantes in Enfield claiming that their physical presence would discourage troublemakers.[72][73] The EDL also gathered in Eltham for the same purpose.[74] EDL officials claimed they were safeguarding local businesses, but it was reported that the EDL attacked a bus carrying black youths.[75] On July 2011, the EDL “visited” Muslim MEP Sajjad Karim at his home with a gang of EDL members, which Karim said was an attempt at intimidation and threatening behaviour.[76] The EDL has been accused of spray-painting and attacking mosques.[77][78] Extremist members of the EDL have been involved in physical assaults against Muslims.[79][80] EDL members have been reported attacking an anti-fascist concert in Yorkshire.[81] EDL members have been jailed for attacking staff at office buildings which had hosted anti-EDL meetings.[82] EDL members have also attacked a bookstall in Sandwell.[83] Some news reports have shown pictures which depicted EDL members posing wearing paramilitary outfits, with guns and crossbows.[84][85] On 7 December 2011, EDL activist Simon Beech was one of two men jailed for ten years for an arson attack on a mosque. Sentencing the men, Judge Mark Eades stated: “It seems to me your purpose was not to get at extremists, but to get at Muslims in general and your purpose can only have been to destabilise community relationships.” Chief Superintendent Bernie O’Reilly, who heads Stoke-on-Trent policing division, said, “This was a planned attack to try to blow a mosque up in a residential area.”[86] In 2013, six Islamists pleaded guilty to plotting a bomb and gun attack on an EDL march in Dewsbury.[87] The EDL march and UAF/TUC counter demonstration had passed “peacefully, safely and without serious incident.”[88] The British press describes the EDL as far-right[89] or right-wing.[90] Nick Lowles, a former editor of the anti-fascist Searchlight magazine and now director of the civil rights organisation HOPE not hate, has stated that the EDL poses two risks. One is the formation of a street army prepared to travel around the country to fight and provide organisational support. The other is the group’s tactics of carrying placards and chanting in places that are potential flashpoints. Searchlight has said that not every leader of the EDL is a fascist or hardcore racist.[23] Meanwhile, on the BBC’s Sunday morning Andrew Marr show on 13 December 2010, Liberty director Shami Chakrabarti described the EDL as “modern day blackshirts”.[91] Other analysts have described the EDL as an anti-immigration group.[75] Jon Cruddas MP, writing in The Guardian, described the EDL as “a dangerous cocktail of football hooligans, far-right activists and pub racists… a bigger threat than the BNP… providing a new white nationalist identity through which they can understand an increasingly complex and alienating world. In a similar way to how football hooligans once coalesced around support for Ulster loyalism and hatred of the IRA, the followers of the EDL genuinely believe they are “defending” their Britain against the threat of Islam. What makes the EDL much more dangerous is how it reflects a wider political and cultural war.”[92] The EDL’s leaders say they are opposed to racism and that the EDL is a “multi-ethnic, multi-religious movement and we are proud of that”.[93] Trevor Kelway, a spokesman for the EDL, has denied that the group is racist. He said he had taken over as spokesman because the previous spokesman was Islamophobic. “We would march alongside Muslims and Jews who are against militant Islam,” he said. “There were none on Saturday and an all-white group doesn’t look good. But they can join the EDL as long as they accept an English way of life. It is the people who threaten with bombs and violence and threaten and bomb our troops they don’t belong here.”[35][94] In October 2013, the EDL founder Tommy Robinson announced that he was leaving the organisation because it had become too extreme.[95][96] British Prime Minister David Cameron stated in the 2010 election campaign, “The EDL are terrible people, we would always keep these groups under review and if we needed to ban them, we would ban them or any groups which incite hatred.”[97] Former Home Office minister Phil Woolas stated of the organisation’s tactics, “This is a deliberate attempt by the EDL at division and provocation, to try and push young Muslims into the hands of extremists, in order to perpetuate the divide. It is dangerous.”[98]John Denham, the then UK Communities Secretary, has condemned the EDL, saying its tactics are similar to those of the British Union of Fascists in the 1930s, although he stressed that they did not present anything like the same “potency, organisation or threat”. He was commenting after clashes between different groups at a new London mosque, during a demo by the group Stop Islamisation of Europe. He singled out the EDL in particular: “If you look at the types of demonstrations they have organised, the language used and the targets chosen, it looks pretty clear that it’s a tactic designed to provoke, to get a response and create violence”.[99][100] The leader of Dudley Council, Anne Milward, stated after the second EDL demonstration in her town, “We are extremely saddened that Dudley has again been targeted by the English Defence League. Yet again this group of outside extremists have shown they are incapable of demonstrating peacefully and have brought public disorder and violence to our town.”[101] The response from British police has been negative. Det Supt John Larkin of West Midland’s Counter Terrorism Unit has previously expressed concerns that the EDL’s Islamophobia fuels extremism and undermines counter-radicalisation efforts.[102][103] Dr. Robert Lambert, co-director of the European Muslim Research Centre (EMRC) at the University of Exeter and previously head of the Muslim Contact Unit (MCU) in the Metropolitan Police, has written that the EDL has undermined efforts by British Muslims to tackle terrorism and extremism.[104] Adrian Tudway, National Co-ordinator for Domestic Extremism, has written that “In terms of the position with EDL, the original stance stands, they are not extreme right wing as a group, indeed if you look at their published material on their web-site, they are actively moving away from the right and violence with their mission statement etc”,[105] also writing they were a threat to community cohesion.[106] A Tory party councillor was suspended after attending an EDL rally in Southend. During the Southend gathering, Tommy Robinson expressed links with the local Tory councillor, Blaine Robin, stating, “I am proud that the first politician I have ever met who actually represents his constituents is a man outside, a black man, who is a local politician in Southend”.[107] In 2013, some members of Parliament wrote to the London police calling for the EDL’s march to Tower Hamlets, which has a large Muslim population, to be banned, fearing that violence could break out.[108] Matthew Goodwin, an academic who specialises in the study of far-right extremism, has argued that the press are more sympathetic to the Islamophobia of the EDL than they were to the anti-Semitism of the National Front in the 1970s: The reason why the EDL’s adoption of Islamophobia is particularly significant is that unlike the 1970s, when the National Front was embracing antisemitism, there are now sections of the media and the British establishment that are relatively sympathetic towards Islamophobia. It is not difficult to look through the media and find quite hostile views towards Islam and Muslims. That is fundamentally different to the 1970s, when very few newspapers or politicians were endorsing the NF’s antisemitic message. Garland & Treadwell (2010) argue that while the group differs from other British far-right groups such as the British National Party or the National Front by publicly promoting an image of multi-ethnicity, inclusion, and liberal values of tolerance, its affinities with other right-wing groups, its Islamophobia, and the outspoken racism of its membership tend to belie this image.[8] Paul Jackson in his study[110] describes the EDL as part of the new far right of European politics. While “genuinely” anti-Nazi it nevertheless remains in conflict with liberal democratic principles. He argues that the EDL uses the essential English principles of tolerance, liberalism, democracy, and enlightenment as cultural markers of identity to brand as alien opposing principles of Islam. The latter is described as a backward 7th century intolerant totalitarian creed. Rather than expulsion, favoured by the old far right, the new far right seeks assimilation to liberal English culture. But by considering the culture of Britains Muslims as monolithic, the EDL exploits the language of liberalism for inherently antiliberal agendas. Public opinion of the EDL is generally negative. In a 2012 study, 74% of those polled stated they believed the EDL was racist. 85% also stated they would never join the group.[111][112] 69% of people also stated they do not agree with the EDL’s values or methods. A 2013 poll in the aftermath of the murder of Lee Rigby found 61% believed the EDL makes terrorist attacks more likely; just 14% disagreed.[113] The EDL has separate Jewish,[114] youth,[115] women’s (EDL Angels),[116][117] and LGBT divisions,[9][118] and claims to also have a Pakistani Christian division.[9] In 2010, the EDL’s LGBT division had 115 members.[118] On 23 July 2011, the division planned to pass leaflets on Canal Street, in the gay village of Manchester, in support of the Norwegian Defence League, but the event was called off when the division realised opposition to its presence would be too great.[119] On 5 June 2012, it issued a statement saying “Gay people in Britain have far more to fear from Islam than they do from the EDL,” and citing opinion polls “that reported that British Muslims have zero tolerance for homosexuality.”[120] The creation of the EDL’s tiny “Jewish division” in June 2010 was condemned by all the main organisations of the UK Jewish community.[121][122][123] Roberta Moore, leader of the Jewish division of the EDL, resigned over the presence of alleged “Nazi elements” within the EDL although she said the EDL was “doing a fantastic job” and she hoped its leaders would have the “strength to squash the Nazis within”.[124] In September 2011, a new leadership of the division was selected and the EDL reiterated its support for Israel “in the larger struggle against radical Islam.”[114] A sub-group of the European Defence League, the Scottish Defence League (SDL) is an offshoot division of the English Defence League. In 2009, the Sunday Herald revealed links between the SDL and the BNP though both groups have publicly tried to distance themselves from each other, with the BNP claiming it would expel members found to be active in the SDL and its English counterpart, the EDL.[125] The Welsh offshoot of the EDL, the Welsh Defence League, is reportedly defunct.[126][127][128][129] The English Volunteer Force is a small right-wing street protest movement[130] based in the United Kingdom, which Joe Mulhall considers to be an English Defence League splinter group.[131] Created by John Sheridan and Jason Lock in July 2012, the group calls for the halting of all Muslim immigration, prohibitions on the building of mosques and the sale of halal meat, the rejection of multiculturalism, and a rejection of what they term the ‘Islamification’ of Great Britain. The group plans to “Unite the Right”. The group held its first demonstration in Birmingham in January 2013 which passed peacefully.[130] On 9 March 2013 the EVF held a demonstration in Stanmore, London, against the radical preacher Abu Qatada’s continued presence in Great Britain. The group also conducted an online interview with a blog called “Terrorscope”.[132] On 8 October 2013 it was announced that Tommy Robinson and Kevin Carroll, who had had meetings with the think tank Quilliam, were to leave the EDL. Robinson said that street protests were no longer effective and acknowledged the dangers of far-right extremism. He stated his intention to continue to combat extremism by forming a new party. Both Robinson and Carroll had been taking lessons in Islam from a Quilliam member, Usama Hasan, and intend to train in lobbying institutions.[95][96][133] American talk radio host Michael Savage became the first popular media figure to publicly announce support for the EDL, stating, “How does England take the Islamofascists spitting on their war dead, without letting the English Defence League wade into them with pipes and beer bottles, I’ll never understand”.[134] Erick Stakelbeck, a commentator for Pat Robertson’s Christian Broadcasting Network, also expressed support for the EDL and compared its members to the members of the American Tea Party movement.[135] In 2010 the EDL was reported to be developing links with right-wing elements within America.[136] Gainesville, Florida pastor Terry Jones, whose calls to burn the Qur’an provoked violence that resulted in numerous deaths, was invited to a rally in Luton in February 2011 “to share his views on Islamic extremism.” The Home Secretary had Jones banned from entering the UK.[137][138] In October 2010, American Tea Party activist Rabbi Nachum Shifren, travelled to England to speak at a rally.[122][136][139][140][141] In his speech, he called Muslims “dogs” and told the EDL that “history will be recorded that on this day, read by our children for eternity, one group lit the spark to liberate us from the oppressors of our two governments and the leftist, fifth column, quisling press, and that it was the EDL which started the liberation of England from evil.”[142] The Canadian Jewish Defense League has held a demonstration in support of the EDL,[143] saying that the two groups will “take a stand against the forces of political Islam”. The Canadian Jewish Congress has opposed the alliance.[144] The EDL has established links to the Danish Defence League. The latter has established 10 chapters within its first year of operation.[145] However recent attempts to establish a presence in Denmark and the Netherlands have failed to attract support and were respectively described as “a humiliation” and as “a damp squib”.[146] The Norwegian Defence League (NDL) is a sister organisation of the EDL. There are strong connections between the two organisations, and the leadership of the EDL is also actively involved in the leadership of NDL.[147] Members of the NDL have on several occasions travelled to England to participate in EDL protests.[148][149] According to The Daily Telegraph, Norwegian Anders Behring Breivik, perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks has claimed to have hundreds of EDL members as Facebook friends. The newspaper also quoted an anonymous senior EDL member that Breivik had extensive links with senior members of the EDL.[150] Also according to The Telegraph, Breivik wrote online about how he attended an EDL Bradford demonstration.[151] In his April 2012 trial testimony, however, Breivik denied having had any contact with the EDL, although he admitted having used EDL-linked forums and having messaged an EDL member in one of them. He also contrasted the EDL with the Knights Templar organisation which he claimed he was part of, saying “The EDL is an anti-violent organisation supporting democracy and [opposing] Sharia and Islamisation and they have nothing to do with KT at all. You cannot even compare them.”[152] Some EDL members have subsequently been associated with praise for Breivik following his conviction in the Norwegian courts.[153] On 31 July 2011, Interpol requested Maltese police to investigate Paul Ray, former member and co-founder[154] of the English Defence League, who blogs under the name “Lionheart”. Ray conceded that he may have been the inspiration for the Norwegian mass murderer, but deplored his actions.[155][156] On 26 July 2011, the EDL leader Tommy Robinson denied any official links with Breivik and said that acts of terrorism are unacceptable.[157] Lauren Collins quotes Breivik: The EDL, although having noble intentions are in fact dangerously nave. … we are miles apart ideologically AND organisationally … She nevertheless maintains that the EDL created an inflammatory environment in which people like Breivik can find “reinforcement”.[158] The former EDL leader, Stephen Yaxley-Lennon (a.k.a. Tommy Robinson) is banned from entering the US, due to his criminal record for assault, drugs and public order offences. In September 2011, travelling to meet American EDL supporters in New York, he was stopped at John F. Kennedy International Airport when officials noticed he was attempting to use someone else’s passport. Asked to attend a second interview, he left the airport, entering the US illegally, and flew back to Britain the next day. In January 2013, he pleaded guilty at Southwark Crown Court to possession of a false identity document with improper intention, contrary to the Identity Documents Act 2010, and was jailed for 10 months.[25][159]

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November 22, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

Jewish Defense League Chapters – Wikipedia

Jewish Defense League Chapters is an article listing official Jewish Defense League chapters as well as national and regional offices of the organization. In October 2000, after an absence of more than 20 years, the Jewish Defense League once again had an Arizona chapter. Its first event coincided with a solidarity rally for Israel at Temple Chai of Phoenix, held on October 29, 2000, hosted by the Arizona Jewish community. At that time, there were 27 members; 20 in Phoenix, five in Tucson, and two at the University of Northern Arizona in Flagstaff. Irv Rubin, then national JDL chairman, worked closely with Arizona chairman, Ian Rakow, to establish the chapter. Rakow stated, that one of the main goals of the chapter, “is to educate,” and said that, “depending upon their level of comfort,” members can attend meetings, protests, and rallies, or write articles for the website.[1] Following a string of anti-Semitic incidents, including vandalism using anti-Semitic graffiti in Prescott, Arizona, JDL of Arizona offered a one-thousand dollar reward for “information leading to the arrest and conviction of those responsible for spray-painting threatening, anti-Semitic graffiti on the headquarters of Prescotts Safe Schools, Safe Students,”[2][3] as well as a free Carrying Concealed Weapons class held in February, 2001 in Prescott, Arizona, in order to obtain Concealed Weapons Permits, “with the goal of empowering the law-abiding citizens against future victimization and escalation of these terrorist acts.” [4][5] The chapter disbanded in January 2002.[6] The Jewish Defense League of Arizona re-established itself in October 2009 under the leadership of its chairman, Michael Iceman Tuber.[7][8][9] It maintains a Facebook group. On December 13, 2009, JDL Arizona held a counter-protest of the picketing of a Jewish Community Center in Scottsdale, Arizona by the Westboro Baptist Church. About ten JDL AZ members attended out of about 40 counter-protesters. The Jewish Defense League of Los Angeles is also the site of the JDL International Headquarters. They can be contacted at P.O. Box 480370, Los Angeles, CA 90048.[10] The Chairman and National Chairman and CEO is Shelley Rubin, and the Vice-Chairman and National Vice-President is Ari Rubin.[11] The Jewish Defense League of Chicago[10] is under the leadership of Sholom Ben-David. In 2002, the Chicago JDL had a car as part of its Mobile Response Unit in which they patrolled synagogues.[12][13] The Florida chapter of the Jewish Defense League was re-established on February 10, 2011 and is run by Chairman David Bar-Lev. Bar-Lev was formerly the Chairman of the now-defunct Jewish Defense League of Tampa Bay from September 1999 to October 2004.[14] The Jewish Defense League of Florida maintains a Twitter page and is currently recruiting new members to join its ranks.[15] The Jewish Defense League of Louisiana was formed on July 27 of 2008.[7] JDL Louisiana created a now defunct website,[16] www.louisianajdl.org, on July 20 of 2008.[17][18][19][20] It currently operates a new website,Twitter that “tweets” about events and blog posts by the JDL, as well as Jewish and Israeli news, and a Facebook group. Their motto is, “Your Jewish Neighborhood Watch.”[21] The Jewish Defense League of Michigan was formed in 2009.[10] The Jewish Defense League of Texas was formed on August 14, 2006[10] under the leadership of Ben Johnson in Waco, Texas. Their expressed goal is, “…to bring unity with those who wish to confront those extremist groups whose sole aim is the destruction of the Jewish People.”[22] The Jewish Defense League of Canada is under the leadership of Meir Weinstein. JDL Canada resumed activities in 2006 after a long absence.[23] Since their reactivation, they have counter-protested against pro-Palestinian activists, picketed a conference on “Israeli apartheid” at the University of Toronto,[24] protested the Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation for considering support of a boycott of Israel,[25] and protested the construction of a mosque led by an alleged “Islamist.”[26] In April 2007, JDL Canada organized a picket outside of Paul Fromm’s disciplinary hearing at the Ontario College of Teachers. This led to two arrests after JDL activists were accused of assaulting the controversial far-right figure.[27] On October 23, JDL Canada sponsored Israeli right winger Moshe Feiglin to come and address the Toronto Jewish community at a local synagogue.[28] In March 2009, JDL Canada wrote an open letter to the Canadian government asking them to ban British politician George Galloway from entering Canada, which the government did. Galloway was scheduled to speak in Toronto at an event called “Resisting War from Gaza to Kandahar”.[29] In 2010, a Federal Court judge imposed a ruling, calling the ban “a flawed and overreaching interpretation of the standards under Canadian law…”. Galloway was now allowed to visit the country.[30] The Jewish Defense league of London, Ontario was established in November 2009. The chairman is Pesach Ovadyah. The chapters Facebook group has an active Discussions Board. As of September 30, 2016, this Facebook group no longer appears to be active. The Jewish Defense League of Germany (German: Jdische Verteidigungsliga) was formed during September 2009. The chairman is Steven Weigang.[31][32] In the German Chapter is the Switzerland and Austrian Chapter include. The Jewish Defense League of Sweden was formed in 2008. The chairman is Adi. He was appointed by then JDL Europe National Director, Ariel Nahal. The French JDL chapter was formed in October 2000. The chapter has garnered some interest by the media after some alleged violent acts by some of its members, and a condemnation in 2003. Some prominent political parties and movements in France have publicly supported a petition to ban the French JDL. The chapter has forged ties with Marine Le Pen, a fellow opponent of the new anti-semitism in France.[33] JDL Lyon was founded on May 31, 2009.[34] JDL Holland was founded by 8 Jews during Hanukkah, 2010. The JDL Hungary was founded by about ten Jews from Hungary in October 2010.[35][36] The Jewish Defense League of the United Kingdom was reformed during September 2009. The returning[37] chairman is Jacob Pres.[31][32] The Jewish Defense League of South Africa was re-formed [32] during May 2009. The chairman is Mordechai.[38]

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November 13, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

Meir Kahane – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Meir David Kahane (Hebrew: ) (; August 1, 1932 November 5, 1990) was an American-Israeli Orthodox rabbi, ultra-Nationalist political figure, teacher and writer, whose work became either the direct or indirect foundation of most modern Jewish militant and far right-wing political groups.[1] He was an ordained Orthodox rabbi, and later served as a member of the Israeli Knesset.[2] Kahane spent years reaching out to Jews through published works, weekly articles, speeches and debates on college campuses and in synagogues throughout the United States, and appearances on various televised programs and radio shows. He gained recognition as an extreme advocate for Jewish causes, such as organizing defense squads and patrols in Jewish neighborhoods and demanding the Soviet Union release its oppressed Jews.[3] He later became known in the United States and Israel for supporting violence against enemies of the Jewish people, calls for emergency Jewish mass migration to Israel due to a potential “second Holocaust” in the United States, proposing that Israel’s democracy be reserved for its Jewish citizens, and, hopefully, eventually adopt Jewish religious law,[4] and endorsing the annexation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.[5] Kahane proposed enforcing Jewish law, as codified by Maimonides,[6] under which non-Jews wishing to dwell in Israel would have three options: remain as “resident strangers” with all rights but national ones,[7] leave Israel and receive compensation for their property, or for those who refused either option, be forcibly removed without compensation.[8] While serving in Israel’s Knesset in the mid-1980s, Kahane proposed numerous laws, none of which passed, to emphasize Judaism in public schools, to do away with Israel’s bureaucracy, to forbid sexual relations between non-Jews and Jews, and to end cultural meetings between Jewish and Arab students.[9] Kahane founded the Jewish Defense League (JDL) in the USA, as well as the Israeli political party Kach (“Thus”). In 1971, he was convicted for conspiracy to manufacture explosives.[10] In 1984, he became a member of the Knesset, when Kach gained one seat in parliamentary elections. In 1988, after polls showed Kach gaining popularity, the Israeli government banned Kach for being “racist” and “anti-democratic” under the terms of an ad hoc law.[9] Kahane was assassinated in a Manhattan hotel by an Arab gunman in November 1990. Martin David Kahane[11] was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1932 to an Orthodox Jewish family. His father, Rabbi Yechezkel (Charles) Kahane, author of the “Torah Yesharah”, studied at Polish and Czech yeshiva religious schools, was involved in the Revisionist Zionism movement, and was a close friend of Ze’ev Jabotinsky.[12] As a teenager, Kahane became an ardent admirer of Ze’ev Jabotinsky and Peter Bergson, who were frequent guests in his parents’ home, and joined the Betar (Brit Trumpeldor) youth wing of Revisionist Zionism. He was active in protests against Ernest Bevin, the British Foreign Secretary who maintained restrictions on immigration of Jews (including Nazi death camp survivors) to Palestine after the end of the Second World War. In 1947, Kahane was arrested for throwing eggs and tomatoes at Bevin, as the latter disembarked at Pier 84 on a visit to New York. A photo of the arrest appeared in the New York Daily News.[13] In 1954, he became the mazkir (director) of Greater New York Citys sixteen Bnei Akiva chapters. Kahanes formal education included elementary school at the Yeshiva of Flatbush, and high school at both Abraham Lincoln H.S. and at the Brooklyn Talmudical Academy. Kahane received his rabbinical ordination from the Mir Yeshiva in Brooklyn, where he was especially admired by the head, Rabbi Abraham Kalmanowitz,[14] and began going by his Hebrew name, Meir.[11] He was fully conversant with the Tanakh (Jewish Bible), Talmud, Midrash, and Jewish law. Subsequently, Kahane earned a B.A. in Political Science from Brooklyn College, a Bachelor of Law LL.B. from New York Law School and an M.A. in International Relations from New York University.[15] In 1956, Kahane married Libby Blum, with whom he had four children:[16] Tzipporah, Tova, Baruch and Binyamin.[17][18] In 1958, he became the rabbi of the Howard Beach Jewish Center in Queens, New York City. Although the synagogue was originally Conservative rather than strictly Orthodox, the board of directors agreed to Kahane’s conditions, which included resigning from the Conservative movement’s United Synagogue of America, installing a partition separating men and women during prayer, instituting traditional prayers, and maintaining a kosher kitchen.[19] At the Jewish Center, Kahane influenced many of the synagogues youngsters to adopt a more observant lifestyle, which often troubled parents.[20][21] He trained Arlo Guthrie for his bar mitzvah.[22] When his contract was not renewed, he soon published an article entitled “End of the Miracle of Howard Beach.” This was Kahanes first article in the Jewish Press, American-Jewish weekly, for which he continued to write until his assassination in 1990.[23] Kahane also used the pen name David Sinai and the pseudonyms Michael King, David Borac and Martin Keene.[24] In the late 1950s to early 1960s, Kahane’s life of secrecy and strong anti-communist views landed him a position as a consultant with the FBI. According to his wife, Libby, his assignment was to infiltrate the anti-communist John Birch Society and report his findings back to the FBI.[16] Later, Michael T. Kaufman published an article claiming that at this point, Kahane confided in him that he had been in a relationship with Gloria Jean D’Argenio.[25] At some time in the late 1950s, Kahane took on the persona of a non-religious individual, along with the pseudonym Michael King.[26] At this point, Kahane began openly expressing anti-Communist positions. He and Joseph Churba created the July Fourth Movement, which was formed to counteract widespread opposition toward U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.[27] Subsequently, they co-authored the text, The Jewish Stake in Vietnam together, which was an attempt to convince American Jews of the “evil of Communism.”[28] The book’s introduction states that “all Americans have a stake in this grim war against Communism…. it is vital that Jews realize the threat to their very survival [should Communism succeed].” Churba had a major falling out with Kahane over the use of para-militarism[citation needed], and they permanently parted ways. Churba went on to pursue his own career, joining the US Air Force, writing many books on the Middle East, and later becoming one of Ronald Reagan’s consultants. Kahane chose to fight for Jewish rights and was willing to use extreme measures. He even attempted to acquire and grow biological weapons to use on a Soviet military installation,[29] but failed. He began using the phrase ‘Never Again'[30] and conceived the Jewish Star and fist insignia, a symbol resembling that of the Black Panther Party, though Kahane himself opposed the Black Panther party due to anti-Jewish riots they had supported in Massachusetts and leftist leanings, as he saw it. The Jewish Defense League (JDL) was originally founded by Kahane in New York City in 1968. JDL’s self-described purpose was to protect Jews from local manifestations of antisemitism.[31] The JDL was committed to five fundamental principles: The JDL favored civil rights for blacks, while opposing black anti-Semites[32] and racism of any form.[33] In 1971, the JDL formed an alliance with a black rights group in what Kahane termed “a turning point in Black-Jewish relations.”[34] Despite the JDL’s anti-racist positions and inclusion of individuals of all colors and faiths,[35] the Anti-Defamation League claimed that Kahane “preached a radical form of Jewish nationalism which reflected racism, violence and political extremism”[31] which were replicated by Irv Rubin, the JDL successor to Kahane.[36] A number of the JDL members and leaders, including Kahane, were convicted in relation to acts of domestic terrorism in the United States.[37] In 1971, Kahane was sentenced to 5 years in prison, suspended, for conspiring to manufacture explosives.[10] In 1975, Kahane was arrested for leading the attack on the Soviet United Nations mission and injuring two officers, but was released after being given summonses for disorderly conduct. Later that same year, Kahane was accused of conspiring to kidnap a Soviet diplomat, bomb the Iraqi embassy in Washington, and ship arms abroad from Israel. He was convicted of violating his probation for the 1971 bomb conviction and sentenced to one year in prison.[38] However he served most of it in a hotel, with frequently unsupervised absences, due to a concession over the provision of kosher food.[39] In a 1984 interview with Washington Post correspondent Carla Hall, Kahane admitted that the JDL “bombed the Russian [Soviet] mission in New York, the Russian cultural mission here [Washington] in 1971, the Soviet trade offices.”[40][41] In 1971, Kahane emigrated to Israel. When he moved to Israel, Kahane declared that he would focus on Jewish education.[42] He later began gathering lists of Arab residents willing to emigrate for compensation and, eventually, initiating protests advocating the expulsion of Arabs from Israel and the occupied territories. In 1972, Jewish Defense League leaflets were distributed in Hebron, calling for the mayor to stand trial for the 1929 Hebron massacre.[43] Kahane was arrested dozens of times.[44] In 1971, he founded the Kach party. In 1973, the party ran for the Knesset (Israeli parliament) during the general elections under the name “The League List”. The party won 12,811 votes (0.82%), just 2,857 (0.18%) short of the electoral threshold at the time (1%) for winning a Knesset seat. The party was even less successful in the 1977 elections, winning 4,836 votes. In 1980, Kahane was arrested for the 62nd time since his emigration and jailed for six months following a detention order based on allegations of planning armed attacks against Palestinians in response to the killings of Jewish settlers.[45] Kahane was held in prison in Ramla, where he wrote the book They Must Go. Kahane was banned from entering the United Kingdom in 1981.[46] In 1981, Kahane’s Kach party again ran for the Knesset during the 1981 elections, but did not win a seat, receiving only 5,128 votes. In 1984, the Central Elections Committee banned him from being a candidate on the grounds that Kach was a racist party, but the Supreme Court of Israel overturned the ban on grounds that the committee was not authorized to ban Kahane’s candidacy.[47] The Supreme Court suggested that the Knesset pass a law that would authorize the exclusion of racist parties from future elections, and the Anti-Racist Law of 1988 was later passed. In the 1984 legislative elections, Kahane’s Kach party received 25,907 votes, enough to give the party one seat in the Knesset, which was taken by Kahane. Kahane refused to take the standard oath of office and insisted on adding a Biblical verse from Psalms, to indicate that when national laws and the Torah conflict, Torah (Biblical) law should have supremacy over the laws of the Knesset. Kahane’s legislative proposals focused on Jewish education, an open economy, transferring the Arab population out from the Land of Israel, revoking Israeli citizenship from non-Jews, and banning Jewish-Gentile marriages and sexual relations, based on the Code of Jewish Law compiled by Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah. As his political career progressed and popularity in the streets began growing, Kahane became increasingly isolated in the Knesset. His speeches, boycotted by nearly all Knesset members, were made to an empty parliament, except for the duty chairman and the transcriptionist. Kahane’s legislative proposals and motions of no-confidence against the government were ignored or rejected by fellow Knesset members. Kahane often pejoratively called other Knesset members “Hellenists” (a reference to Jews who assimilated into Greek culture after Judea’s occupation by Alexander the Great). In 1987, Kahane opened a yeshiva (“HaRaayon HaYehudi”) with funding from US supporters, to teach “the Authentic Jewish Idea”. Despite the boycott, Kahane’s popularity grew among the Israeli public, especially among working-class Sephardi Jews.[48] Polls showed that Kach would have likely received anywhere from four to twelve seats in the coming November 1988 elections.[49][50] In 1985, the Knesset passed an amendment to Israel’s Basic Law, barring “racist” candidates from election. The Central Elections Committee banned Kahane a second time, and he appealed to the Israeli Supreme Court. This time, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the committee, disqualifying Kach from running in the 1988 elections. Kahane was thus the first candidate in Israel to be barred from election for racism. The move was severely criticized as being anti-democratic by many, including Harvard Law Professor Alan M. Dershowitz, who frequently decried attacks on Kahane’s rights.[51] In November 1990, Kahane gave a speech to an audience of mostly Orthodox Jews from Brooklyn,[52] warning American Jews to emigrate to Israel before it was “too late”.[52][53] As a crowd gathered around Kahane in the second-floor lecture hall in midtown Manhattan’s Marriott East Side Hotel, Kahane was assassinated[54][55][56] by El Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian-born American citizen who was initially charged and acquitted of the murder.[57] Nosair was later convicted of the murder in United States district court incident to the trial for his involvement in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Prosecutors were able to retry Nosair for the murder because the federal indictment includes the killing as part of the alleged terrorist conspiracy.[58] He was sentenced to life imprisonment, and later made a confession to federal agents.[59] Some researchers, such as Peter Lance, consider Kahane one of the first, if not the very first, American victims of the then-nascent Al Qaeda, as his killer is believed to have links to Osama bin Laden’s network.[60] The cell that Kahane’s assassin belonged to had been training in the New York metro since the middle of 1989.[61] Kahane was buried on Har HaMenuchot in Jerusalem. Kahane’s funeral was one of the largest in Israel’s history, where approximately 150,000 participated. He was eulogized by a number of prominent supporters in both the US and Israel, including Rabbi Moshe Tendler and the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu, who spoke of how little the people understood of Kahane’s “true value”.[62] Kahane argued that there was a glory in Jewish destiny, which came through the observance of the Torah. He also noted that, “Democracy and Judaism are not the same thing.”[63] Kahane also stressed that a Jewish state and Western democracy were incompatible, since Western democracy is religion-blind, and a Jewish state is religion-oriented by its very name. He also warned of the danger of non-Jewish citizens becoming a majority and voting against the Jewish character of the state: “The question is as follows: if the Arabs settle among us and make enough children to become a majority, will Israel continue to be a Jewish state? Do we have to accept that the Arab majority will decide?”[64] “Western democracy has to be ruled out. For me that’s cut and dried: there’s no question of setting up democracy in Israel, because democracy means equal rights for all, irrespective of racial or religious origins.” Kahane proposed an “exchange of populations” that would continue the Jewish exodus from Arab lands: “A total of some 750,000 Jews fled Arab lands since 1948. Surely it is time for Jews, worried over the huge growth of Arabs in Israel, to consider finishing the exchange of populations that began 35 (50) years ago.” Kahane proposed a $40,000 compensation plan for Arabs who would leave voluntarily, forcible expulsion for those who “don’t want to leave”,[64] and encouraged retaliatory violence against Arabs who attacked Jews: “I approve of anybody who commits such acts of violence. Really, I don’t think that we can sit back and watch Arabs throwing rocks at buses whenever they feel like it. They must understand that a bomb thrown at a Jewish bus is going to mean a bomb thrown at an Arab bus.”[64] Kahane argued that Israel should never start a war for territory, but if a war were launched against Israel, then Biblical territory should be annexed. He defined Biblical territory as follows: “the southern boundary goes up to El Arish, which takes in all of northern Sinai, including Yamit. To the east, the frontier runs along the western part of the East Bank of the Jordan River, hence part of what is now Jordan. Eretz Yisrael also includes part of Lebanon and certain parts of Syria, and part of Iraq, all the way to the Tigris River.[64] When critics suggested that following Kahane’s plans would mean perpetual war between Jews and Arabs, Kahane responded, “There will be a perpetual war. With or without Kahane.” While Kahane used to quip that many supported him privately while dissenting with him publicly, there were numerous renowned figures that publicly supported and admired his positions. Following Kahane’s death, no scholarly and charismatic leader emerged to replace him in the movement, although the idea of transferring populations, mainly attributed to Kahane, was subsequently incorporated into the political platform of various political parties in Israel, such as Moledet (applying to Arab non-citizen residents of the West Bank) and Yisrael Beiteinu (in the form of population exchange). Two small Kahanist factions later emerged; one under the name of Kach, and the other under the name of Kahane chai (Hebrew: , literally “Kahane lives [on]”), the second one led by his younger son, Binyamin Ze’ev Kahane. Neither one was permitted to participate in the Knesset elections by the Central Elections Committee, however. In 1994, following the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre of Palestinian Muslim worshippers in Hebron by Kach supporter Dr. Baruch Goldstein, in which 29 Palestinian Muslim worshippers were killed, the Israeli government declared both parties to be terrorist organizations.[84][85] The U.S. State Department also added Kach and Kahane Chai to its list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations. On December 31, 2000, Binyamin Ze’ev Kahane and his wife Talya were shot to death by Palestinian gunmen while on their way to the Israeli settlement of Kfar Tapuach, where they lived. Five of their six children were wounded in the attack. Palestinian gunmen fired more than 60 machine gun rounds into their van.[86] In the 2003 Knesset elections, Herut, which split off from the National Union list, ran with Michael Kleiner, and former Kach activist Baruch Marzel taking the top two spots on the list. The joint effort narrowly missed the 1.5% barrier. In the following 2006 elections Jewish National Front led by Baruch Marzel, fared better, but also failed to pass the minimum threshold. A self-declared follower of Kahane who was involved with Kach for many years, Michael Ben-Ari, was elected to the Knesset in the 2009 elections on renewed National Union list. He stood again in the 2013 elections as the second candidate on the list of Otzma LeYisrael, but the party failed to pass the minimum threshold. In 2007, the FBI released over a thousand documents relating to their daily surveillance of Kahane since the early 1960s.[87] In 2015, Kahane’s grandson, Meir Ettinger, was detained by Israeli law enforcement. He is the alleged leader of the radical Jewish group “The Revolt”.[88] In an on-line “manifesto” echoing some of the teachings of his grandfather, Ettinger promotes the “dispossession of gentiles” who live in Israel, and the establishment of a new “kingdom of Israel”, a theocracy ruled by halacha, the rules of the Torah. Ettinger has been writing to condemn Israels government, rabbis, and the IDF, as well as denouncing Christian churches as “idolatry”.[89] In 2016, Kahane’s widow claimed that modern Jewish extremists in Israel are not following the ideology of her late husband, claiming he had a more mature approach which did not encourage illegal activities.[90] Kahane’s name has come up as precedent in many court cases. Two examples are the 1993 World Trade Center bombing case, where the defense tried unsuccessfully to argue that informants Emad Saleem and Ali Mohamed had entrapped the conspirators, as had been done by the FBI to Kahane.[29] In another case brought up at the Supreme Court of Israel, the banning of Kahane’s political party first, and then upheld in appeal, within the framework of the Israeli democracy, can be used to ban other parties deemed racist, or which espouse racist views.[95][96] The prosecution argued that Arab MK Haneen Zoabi should be banned for denying the Jewish People’s existence, and was banned by the Central Elections Committee, using the Kahane precedent. A week later, this was unanimously overturned by the Supreme Court. Attempts at banning of Strong Israel and Balad political parties using the Kahane precedent unsuccessfully were overturned as well.[97][98] Also author of Numbers 23:9: “…lo, it is a people that shall dwell alone and shall not be reckoned among the nations,” I. Block, 1970s. Contributorsometimes under pseudonym Michael Kingto periodicals, including The New York Times. Editor of Jewish Press, 1968.

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September 1, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

Jewish Defense League – Metapedia

From Metapedia The Jewish Defense League (JDL) is a militant Jewish organization whose stated goal is to protect Jews from Jew-adversaries. Founded by Rabbi Meir Kahane in New York City in 1968, its self-described purpose was to protect Hasidic Jews from harassment in Brooklyn, and to protest against local manifestations of Jew-feud. When it was founded, hundreds of Orthodox Jews, from Brooklyn signed up almost immediately for the vigilante organization, and by 1972, the organization had over 15,000 members. The group organized demonstrations outside of Arab embassies and protested against the treatment of Jews in the Soviet Union. In its report Terrorism 2000/2001, the FBI referred to the organization as a violent extremist Jewish organization. The Terrorism Knowledge Base states that during the JDLs first two decades of activity, it was an active terrorist organization. More mainstream Jewish groups have been hostile to the group, and the 1984 National Survey of American Jews survey showed that 24% of respondents viewed the JDL generally favorably, compared to 44% who viewed them generally unfavorably. A poll taken by the American Jewish Committee in 1986 showed that 14% of American Jews professed strong sympathy towards Kahane. In recent years, leaders of the Jewish Defense League have attempted to form an alliance with white nationalist groups against Arab immigration but have largely been rebuffed because they cant be trusted. In 1995, the JDL attempted to assassinate Ernst Zundel by firebombing his house. In 2007, the JDL attacked Canadian patriot Paul Fromm in an elevator. On March 16, 1978 Irv Rubin said about the planned American Nazi Party march in Skokie, Illinois: “We are offering $500, that I have in my hand, to any member of the community… who kills, maims or seriously injures a member of the American Nazi party.” Rubin was charged with solicitation of murder but acquitted in 1981.[1] JDL members had often been suspected of involvement in attacks against national socialists and other Holocaust realists and so-called “anti-Semites”. In 1995, when the Toronto residence of Ernst Zndel was the target of an arson attack, a group calling itself the “Jewish Armed Resistance Movement” claimed responsibility; according to the Toronto Sun, the group had ties to the Jewish Defense League and to Kahane Chai.[2] The leader of the Toronto wing of the Jewish Defense League, Meir Halevi, denied involvement in the attack, although, just five days later, Halevi was caught trying to break into the Zndel property, where he was apprehended by police.[2][3] Later the same month Zndel was the recipient of a parcel bomb that was detonated by the Toronto Police Service’s bomb squad.[4] Alex Odeh was an Arab-American who was killed on October 11, 1985 in a bombing at his office in Santa Ana, California. Odeh was regional director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee. Shortly before his killing, Odeh had appeared on the television show Nightline, where he engaged in a tense dialogue with a representative from the Jewish Defense League.[5] Irv Rubin, chairman of the JDL, immediately made several controversial public statements in reaction to the incident: “I have no tears for Mr. Odeh,” Rubin said. “He got exactly what he deserved.” He also said: “My tears were used up crying for Leon Klinghoffer.” The Anti-Defamation League and the American Jewish Committee both condemned the murder. Four weeks after Odeh’s death, FBI spokesperson Lane Bonner stated the FBI attributed the bombing and two others to the JDL. In February 1986, the FBI classified the bombing that killed Alex Odeh as a terrorist act. Rubin denied JDL involvement: “What the FBI is doing is simple… Some character calls up a news agency or whatever and uses the phrase Never Again… and on that assumption they can go and slander a whole group. That’s tragic.” In 1987 Floyd Clarke, then assistant director of the FBI, wrote in an internal memo that key suspects had fled to Israel and were living in the West Bank town of Kiryat Arba. In 1988, the FBI arrested Rochelle Manning as a suspect in a mail bombing, and also charged her husband, Robert Manning, whom they considered a prime suspect in the Odeh bombing. Both were members of the JDL. Rochelle’s jury deadlocked, and after the mistrial, she left for Israel to join her husband. Robert Manning was extradited from Israel to the U.S. in 1993. He was subsequently found guilty of involvement in the killing of Patricia Wilkerson in another, unrelated bomb blast.[6][7] William Ross, another JDL member, was also found guilty for his participation in the bombing that killed Wilkerson.[6] Rochelle Manning was re-indicted for her alleged involvement, and was detained in Israel, pending extradition, when she died of a heart attack in 1994.[6] On December 12, 2001, JDL leader Irv Rubin and JDL member Earl Krugel were charged with planning a terror attack against the office of Arab-American Congressman Darrell Issa, in the wake of the September 11 attacks.[8] The two also planned attacks on the King Fahd Mosque in Culver City, California. Rubin claimed that he was innocent. On November 4, 2002, at the federal Metropolitan Detention Center in Los Angeles, California, Rubin slit his throat with a safety razor and jumped out of a third story window. Rubin’s suicide would be contested by his widow and the JDL, particularly after his co-defendant pleaded guilty to the charges and implicated Rubin in the plot. On February 4, 2003, Earl Krugel pleaded guilty to conspiracy and weapons charges stemming from the terrorist plot, and was expected to serve up to 20 years in prison. The core of the evidence against Krugel and Rubin was in a number of conversations taped by an informant, Jewish pride activist Danny Gillis, who was hired by the men to plant the bombs but who turned to the FBI instead. According to one tape, Krugel thought the attacks would serve as “a wakeup call” to Arabs. Krugel was subsequently killed in prison by another inmate, on November 4, 2005. In 2004 congressional testimony, John S. Pistole, Executive Assistant Director for Counterterrorism and Counterintelligence for the Federal Bureau of Investigation described the JDL as “a known violent extremist Jewish Organization.”[9] FBI statistics show that, from 1980 through 1985, there were 18 terrorist attacks in the U.S. committed by Jews; 15 of those by members of the JDL. Mary Doran, an FBI agent, described the JDL in a 2004 Congressional testimony as “a proscribed terrorist group”.[10] According to the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism’s database of identified terrorist organizations, which is compiled by official contractors and consultants to the United States government and is officially a project supported by the Department of Homeland Security, identifies the JDL as a former terrorist organization.[12] While the JDL’s website explicitly rejects terrorism, it has often expressed support for acts of vengeance in reprisal to Arab terrorist attacks on Jews.[13] On October 26, 1981, after two firebombs damaged the Egyptian Tourist Office at Rockefeller Center, JDL Chairman Meir Kahane said at a press conference: “I’m not going to say that the JDL bombed that office. There are laws against that in this country. But I’m not going to say I mourn for it either.” The next day, an anonymous caller claimed responsibility on behalf of the JDL. A JDL spokesman later denied his group’s involvement, but said “We support the act.” On 25 February 1994, Baruch Goldstein, a “charter member” of the JDL, opened fire on Palestinian Muslims kneeling in prayer at mosque in the West Bank city of Hebron, killing 29. On its website, the JDL writes “we are not ashamed to say that Goldstein was a charter member of the Jewish Defense League.” [14] It is also important to note that the JDL defends its stance by saying that “we feel that Goldstein took a preventative measure against yet another Arab attack on Jews. We understand his motivation, his grief and his actions. We do not consider his assault to qualify under the label of terrorism because Dr. Goldstein was a soldier in a war zone who was faced by an imminent terrorist threat.” [15]

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August 28, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

The Zionist Terror Network (book)

Introduction This booklet documents the background and criminal activities of Jewish Zionist terrorist groups, and especially the Jewish Defense League. Particular emphasis is given here to terror — including murder — against “thought criminals” who question the Holocaust story that six million Jews were systematically killed during the Second World War. Zionist terrorists openly proclaim an arrogant Jewish-supremacist ideology and acknowledge their readiness to use violence against those who disagree with them. With a well-documented record of bigotry and crime, they pose a serious danger to our society, and to men and women everywhere who treasure freedom. The most zealous non-governmental Zionist terrorist organization has been the Jewish Defense League. Its activists have been involved in a wide range of crimes, and the US Federal Bureau of Investigation has repeatedly cited it as a criminal terrorist group. The Jewish Defense League was founded in 1968 by Rabbi Meir Kahane. Born Martin David Kahane in 1932 in Brooklyn, New York, he was the first-born son of an orthodox rabbi who was active in the “revisionist” movement of Zionist hard-liner Ze’ev Jabotinsky. Jabotinsky and other leaders of his movement were guests at the Kahane household while Martin (Meir) was a boy. As a youth, Kahane became an active member of the Jewish-supremacist Betar movement, which Jabotinsky had founded in 1925. Kahane’s first arrest came in 1947, when he was fifteen, for leading a group of Betar youth in an attack against visiting British foreign minister Ernest Bevin. (note 1) Two of Jabotinsky’s most fervent followers went on to gain notoriety as leaders of Zionist terror groups, and, later, as prime ministers of Israel: Menachem Begin, who once headed the Irgun group, and Yitzhak Shamir, who headed the Lehi group (Stern gang). Shamir, for example, played a crucial role in the Lehi murder in November 1944 of British Middle East envoy Lord Moyne, and in the September 1948 assassination of Swedish United Nations peace mediator Count Folke-Bernadotte. (note 2) For a time in the 1960s, Kahane led a double life. He lived and worked under the name of Michael King, keeping this identity secret even from his wife. During this period, he later related, he worked for the Central Intelligence Agency and for the Federal Bureau of Investigation. For the FBI he spied on the right-wing John Birch Society as well as on various left-wing student groups. (note 3) Posing as the non-Jewish Michael King, he had affairs with a number of young women he picked up in New York bars. One of them was Gloria Jean D’Argenio, a (non-Jewish) 22-year-old model who worked under the name of Estelle Evans. After their meeting in 1966, they promptly began an affair. Never revealing his true identity, he even proposed marriage. After Kahane/King broke off the relationship a few weeks later, she attempted suicide by hurling herself into the East River, dying two days later (on Kahane’s 34th birthday). (note 4) Kahane’s life changed dramatically in 1968, when he and several colleagues founded the Jewish Defense League. Brandishing guns and provocative slogans (“Every Jew a .22,” “Never Again”), Kahane’s JDL quickly attracted considerable media attention. Kahane pointedly exploited rising anti-black sentiment among Jews in the New York area. (note 5) Kahane and his new organization received important and probably crucial support from two powerful allies: Israel’s right-wing Herut political party and the New York Mafia. Between December 1969 and August 1972, Kahane’s JDL — with important support and guidance from Menachem Begin’s Herut party in Israel, top officers of Israel’s Mossad secret service, and several wealthy American Jewish businessmen — carried out a campaign of criminal attacks against Soviet Russian diplomats and other Soviet targets in the USA. The goal was to focus attention on and generate sympathy for Soviet Jewry, and to damage relations between the United States and Soviet Russia. (note 6) On May 12, 1971, Kahane and a dozen other JDL members were arrested by federal agents for conspiracy to manufacture explosives. One day later, Kahane announced an alliance with a group founded by Mafia boss Joseph Colombo, Jr., a one-time killer who had risen to head the Colombo crime syndicate. “Kahane received substantial aid from the New York Mafia,” writes Israeli journalist Yair Kotler in his biography of the JDL founder. Until Colombo’s murder in 1971, relations between Kahane and the New York City mob boss were very close, and the two criminal chiefs worked closely together. (note 7) Kahane claimed to have spent a total of three years in American prisons as a result of his militant activities. (note 8) During the early 1970s, Kahane abandoned the JDL and moved to Israel — returning on occasional visits to raise money. Building on the international notoriety he had gained as JDL leader, in 1976 he launched his radical Kach party. In 1984 he was elected to the Israeli Knesset (parliament) as his party’s only deputy. Meanwhile, the JDL’s New York chapter collapsed, and splinter groups emerged with names such as the “Jewish Direct Action,” the “United Jewish Underground,” “Save Our Israel Land,” and the “Jewish Defenders.” (note 9) Kahane was assassinated on November 5, 1990, while addressing a meeting of supporters at a hotel in midtown Manhattan, New York City. (note 10) In numerous speeches and essays, and in several books, Meir Kahane preached an arrogant and even genocidal message of Jewish supremacy and ruthless Zionism. For the JDL leader and his many fervent followers, any and all measures to further Jewish survival and welfare — including terror, dispossession and murder — are entirely justified. (note 11) Typical of his passionate and outspoken prose style is a representative essay by Kahane that appeared in 1980 in a leading Jewish community paper. He wrote: (note 12) …Vengeance is a fundamental Jewish concept that is a precept, injunction, commandment for the Jew…Vengeance becomes, thanks to the gentilized and perplexed era in which we live, a maligned thing…Let the government of Israel, which is responsible for the lives of its citizens, make the streets, buses, shops and homes of the Ishmaelites [Palestinians] perpetual places of terror and stark insecurity…Wipe away the bitter degradation of God’s name that is symbolized by Arab refusal to bow to Jewish sovereignty. A truly Jewish government is one that understands the need to…burn out the desecration by removing, burning out, the evil that is the Arab nation in our midst. In another essay, this one published in 1973, Ka-hane emphasized Jewish invincibility. The day will come, he promised, when all non-Jews would acknowledge the superiority of the Chosen people: (note 13) The Jewish people cannot ever be destroyed, but rather they and their G-d of History will emerge in days to come triumphant over the evils and foolishness of all other nations. Zion will and must emerge as the mount to which all peoples will turn and the Jewish L-rd will be the One before Whom all knees bend… In an essay published in 1982, Kahane stressed the pitiless, either-or, us-or-them, nature of the struggle between Jews and their “enemies”: (note 14) Let us look at events through Jewish eyes…Lebanon:…A war was begun [by Israel] against a “Palestinian” enemy — an entire people — which seeks to wipe out the Jewish state and the vast majority of its Jews. It was…a war unto the death, the utter destruction of the enemy, the instilling of total fear, terror, until he capitulates and acknowledges the L-rd. Jewish and liberal democratic values are incompatible, Kahane often insisted: “I have said it a million times. Western democracy as we know it is incompatible with Zionism…The idea of a democratic Jewish state is nonsense.” (note 15) On another occasion he stated: “Democracy is for people who don’t have the truth. No earthly, temporal government has any relevance to the actions of the Jew when its orders and regulations are contrary to [Jewish] Torah law…Judaism has never been a democratic form of society.” (note 16) A virtual obsession for Kahane was the brutal wartime treatment of Europe’s Jews. “Never Again,” the JDL slogan, pointedly referred to the Holocaust experience. In Kahane’s view, every non-Jew is a potential Nazi murderer. “As long as one gentile lives opposite one Jew, the possibility of a Holocaust remains,” he wrote. (note 17) The moral measure of every action, Kahane stressed, must be “is it good for the Jews?” Failure to act in accordance with this principle, he emphasized, will lead to “a new Auschwitz.” (note 18) In his biography of Kahane, author Robert Friedman relates some of the quirkiness of the militant rabbi’s personality. Recalling his first meeting with him at his “Museum of the Potential Holocaust” in Jerusalem, Friedman wrote: “It struck me on that first encounter that Kahane was a man obsessed with sex and violence. He chattered incessantly about Arab men sleeping with Jewish women.” (note 19) Kahane publicly called Arabs “dogs,” (note 20) and on at least one occasion promised to eliminate Arabs from Israel “like bug spray on these cockroaches.” (note 21) In numerous speeches, and in a 1980 book entitled They Must Go, Kahane outlined his plan for the forcible mass expulsion (or “transfer”) of Palestinian Arabs from the “Land of Israel” — that is, “greater Israel” (including the West Bank territory seized by Israel in 1967). Kahane’s worldview was summed up in the “statement of principles” of the Kach movement, which he founded and headed. It begins with an arrogant description of “the Jewish People” as “special, chosen, holy and supreme.” (note 22) A primary Kach goal is the transfer of the Arabs from all parts of Eretz Israel [the enlarged “Land of Israel”]. The Arabs’ presence in Israel ensures hatred, disturbances, and bloodshed. It is a time bomb, threatening the existence of the Zionist enterprise. The Arabs living in Eretz Israel must therefore be transferred to the Arab countries. Kahane and his supporters agitated for an Israeli law that would criminalize sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews. (At it is, Jews were already forbidden from marrying non-Jews in Israel.) The proposed law would also outlaw a broad range of social contacts between Jews and non-Jews, including mixed schools, community centers, beaches, and even neighborhoods. (note 23) Kahane and his sympathizers have never been particularly bothered by the parallels between his proposed law and Hitler’s “Nuremberg Laws” of 1935, which similarly banned sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews. (note 24) As Kahane and other hardline Zionists have persistently pointed out, Jewish religious law clearly forbids Jews to marry non-Jews. (note 25) Similarly, Ka-hane never tired of citing Jewish religious scripture in support of his ruthless, uncompromising message. As American Jewish author Lenni Brenner has acknowledged, Kahane and his supporters are (note 26) absolutely correct in insisting that Judaism was a tribal religion, replete with hereditary priests performing animal sacrifices. It was genocidal to the Amalekites, and tried to do so toward the Canaanites. There was much else that was fanatic and racist. Few prominent Israeli or American Jewish community leaders were ever willing publicly to support Kahane, and major American Jewish organizations — such as the American Jewish Committee, the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith, and the American Jewish Congress — took care to disavow Kahane and the JDL. At the same time, though — and in spite of his well-documented criminal record and his message of undisguised bigotry and arrogance — Kahane and the JDL enjoyed sympathy and considerable support from a surprisingly broad cross-section of American Jewry. Over the years, American Jewish businessmen gave millions of dollars to Kahane. (note 27) At the conclusion of an address given in 1971 at a prosperous synagogue in Potomac, Maryland, during which the JDL leader praised the fire-bombing of a car, the well-to-do congregation gave Kahane a standing ovation. (note 28) Jackie Mason, a prominent American comedian, publicly supported Kahane and performed at a fund-raising benefit for the JDL in early 1972. “Democratic principles shouldn’t apply to Israel like they do to America,” explained Mason (like Kahane, an ordained Rabbi). (note 29) At a single fundraiser dinner in Boston in 1986, more than $20,000 was reportedly collected for Kahane. (note 30) An indication of Kahane’s acceptance by even major American political figures came in 1972, when the JDL leader was invited by US Senator Henry “Scoop” Jackson to stand together with him on a New York City stage. This was during the powerful politician’s campaign for the Democratic party’s presidential nomination. (note 31) Another prominent JDL supporter was US Congressman Mario Biaggi, who represented the Bronx in Washington. (note 32) A leading Jewish community paper, the sensational Brooklyn-based weekly Jewish Press (with a circulation of 130,000 to 160,000), took on Kahane as an editor and columnist, giving him an influential forum for his strident and often deliberately mendacious writing. (note 33) America’s most influential daily paper, the (Jewish-owned) New York Times, gave Kahane a measure of respectability and legitimacy by publishing essays by him on its widely read “op ed” opinion page. (note 34) Kahane’s book, They Must Go, which calls for the genocidal mass expulsion of Palestinian Arabs from their ancient homeland, was published in 1980 by the “mainstream” New York publishing firm of Grosset & Dunlap. American television, newspapers and magazines never subjected Kahane to even a fraction of the criticism and contempt they so readily directed against non-Jewish militants in groups such as the Ku Klux Klan, the “Aryan Nations” or “The Order,” which preached comparable messages and goals. In Israel, Kahane won support and even a measure of fanatical devotion from many “ordinary” Jews, particularly “Sephardic” Jews from the Arab world (who now make up a majority of Israel’s Jewish population). Describing a visit by Kahane to the Israeli city of Afula in July 1985, during a period of Jewish-Arab tension there, journalist Yair Kotler wrote: (note 35) His appearance was enough to heat up the atmosphere and incite the curly-haired young people on the street corners, who see each Arab as a potential threat to their social standing. Those on the street corners shouted “Kahane the savior!”‘ They attacked Arabs, both from within Israel [proper] and the [occupied] territories who came to Afula to work. They threw stones at Arab cars … They looted shops. The mob continued to shout “Kahane, Kahane! Death to the Arabs,” sweeping before it everyone it encountered … His [Kahane’s] distorted face was seen by millions of viewers in Israel and throughout the world as he shouted, “The only answer is to throw the Arabs out. I want the Arabs out, out, out!” The city was a volcano. Kahane had set the tone from afar, and fear and hatred were rampant. Passions ran high. The Arab was the enemy…Meir Kahane, the racist who had come to Israel from the United States, had lit a fire. Kahane is dead, but the flames of bigotry and fanaticism he worked so hard to fan still burn. Indeed, recent surveys show that ever more Israeli Jews support, or are at least willing to seriously consider, the most brutal measures against the Arabs living under their control, including genocidal forced mass expulsion from the land of “greater Israel.” Over the years, Zionist militants have carried out hundreds of illegal actions against real or imagined “enemies,” including many acts of vandalism and harassment, and countless threatening phone calls. What follows here, though, are details about some particularly spectacular criminal operations. While JDL responsibility for many of them has been conclusively established, in some cases precise responsibility could not be established. Perhaps the most widely-publicized crime in which the JDL has been implicated is the murder on October 11, 1985, of Alex Odeh, West Coast regional director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee. Odeh was killed in a bomb blast when he entered his group’s office in Santa Ana, southern California. (note 46) Alex Odeh An FBI official announced in 1985 that the Jewish Defense League was believed responsible for the murder of Odeh and at least two other terrorist incidents on the East Coast. “We are attributing the three bombings to the JDL,” said FBI official Lane Bonner. (note 47) Similarly, an FBI report released in July 1986 cited “elements” of the Jewish Defense League as responsible for the murder of Odeh. (note 48) Three JDL members were identified by US federal investigators in 1988 as the perpetrators of the bombing that took Odeh’s life. The accused assassins, who were born in the USA but fled to Israel to avoid punishment, are Keith Fuchs, Andy Green and Robert Manning. (note 49) Law enforcement officials in Los Angeles and New York have named Robert Manning — an important Jewish Defense League activist — as a suspect in at least four political bombings in 1985, including the one that killed Odeh. Manning, authorities said, had a two-decade history of violent activities that also included threats against producers of a television show. (note 50) Robert Manning After joining the southern California chapter of the Jewish Defense League as a charter member in 1971, Manning quickly earned a reputation as a particularly tough street fighter. JDL chief Irv Rubin praised him as a “pretty strong boy. I’ve seen him fight. We tangled with Nazis in the streets, Arabs in the streets. He was a real active guy.” (note 51) In a 1988 court document, a federal prosecutor wrote: “It became known that [Manning], while purporting to act on behalf of the Jewish cause, on several occasions placed or threw explosive devices at locations of Arab antagonists.” (note 52) The Israeli government sought to obstruct the FBI’s investigation of the Odeh slaying, the federal agency charged in November 1987. (note 53) Manning himself tried to evade extradition by claiming heart trouble, by taking 20 sleeping pills, and by charging that he was being wrongfully persecuted simply because he is a pious, orthodox Jew. In spite of all this, Manning was finally extradited to the United States in July 1993. (note 54) The US Justice Department’s Federal Bureau of Investigation has repeatedly characterized the JDL as a terrorist and criminal organization. A report issued in 1985 by the FBI’s Terrorist Research and Analytical Center confirmed: (note 55) In FBI terrorism analyses published since 1981, responsibility for 18 terrorist incidents has been attributed to groups seeking to publicize past and present injustices suffered by the Jewish people. While claims for some of these acts have been made in the names of the “Jewish Defenders,’ “United Jewish Underground,” and “Jewish Direct Action,” 15 of the incidents were attributed to the Jewish Defense League (JDL), by far the most well known of these groups. Also in 1985, the FBI named the Jewish Defense League as the second most active terrorist group in the United States. (Only Puerto Rican terrorists were more active during this period.) The FBI linked the JDL to 37 terrorist attacks carried out from 1977 to 1984. (note 56) Two years later, the FBI announced that Jewish extremist groups had carried out 24 terrorist acts from 1981 through 1986, 17 of which were the work of the Jewish Defense League. (note 57) The Jewish Defense League was named in 1985 as a major terrorist group by the USFederal Bureau of Investigation, as a major California newspaper reports here. Another US federal government agency, the Department of Energy, similarly characterized the JDL in a report issued in 1986: (note 58) For more than a decade, the Jewish Defense League (JDL) has been one of the most active terrorist groups in the United States. Although the JDL maintains that it is a political action group concerned with dramatizing the plight of Soviet Jewry and, in more general terms, protecting Jews and Jewish interests worldwide, the FBI has long classified it as a terrorist organization. …The underlying purpose of the JDL is to reverse the mythical image of the Jews as victims. This militancy also fuels the anti-Soviet campaign designed to create and foment new sources of tension in Soviet-American relations … The JDL, however, has also attacked Arab, Iranian, Iraqi, Egyptian, Palestinian, Lebanese, French, and German targets in the United States … In 1978 [for example], Egyptian diplomats were targeted…Attacks have also been staged by League chapters in France, Britain, Italy and Israel. David Willcox (left) at a demonstration in Washington, DC, April 22, 1993, to protest the new USHolocaust Memorial Museum. Ashort time after this picture was taken, Zionist hoodlums attacked and seriously injured him. (Photo by Fred Burkhart) In more recent years, the official report went on, The JDL has pursued a dual-track strategy of acts of civil disobedience and generally peaceful protest, along with acts of outright terrorism…Bombing is the JDL’s favorite tactic, accounting for 78 percent of all JDL incidents. Shootings are next, accounting for 16 percent, followed by arson, vandalism, and kidnaping, accounting for one percent each … Since 1968, JDL operations have killed seven persons and wounded at least 22…Sixty-two percent of all JDL attacks are directed against property; 30 percent against businesses; four percent against academics and academic institutions; and two percent against religious targets. Typically, an anonymous caller will claim responsibility for a specific terrorist act for either the JDL or one of its alleged subgroups, only to have an official spokesman for the JDL deny the group’s involvement the following day. In the past, although the JDL was among the most active terrorist organizations in the United States, the threat it posed appeared to be primarily symbolic…Recent events, however, suggest that this view requires revision. The increase of militant Jewish terrorism represents not only an escalation of violence, but a significant change in targeting patterns, as well as a dramatic shift in tactics. …The group appears to be concentrating its efforts on persons and institutions it considers to be enemies of Judaism and Israel. The targets now [1986] include alleged former Nazis and war criminals; Palestinian and Arab individuals and institutions; and persons and so-called research centers promoting views about the Holocaust that minimize the dimensions of Jewish suffering. Perhaps the most far-reaching change, however, is the increasing use of assassination, both to draw attention to the terrorists’ causes and to eliminate perceived enemies of the Jewish people and Israel. Besides Kahane, two of the most prominent JDL activists have been Irv Rubin and Mordechai Levy. Each has been repeatedly arrested for criminal activities. Until 1982 or 1983, Mordechai (Mark) Levy was one of the most active of Jewish Defense League activists. (note 59) Among his numerous arrests was one in 1981 as a suspect in a car bombing. (note 60) On one occasion he dressed up in a full regalia Nazi uniform to apply for a parade permit to march at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, apparently in an effort to alert the local Jewish community to the “dangers of neo-Nazism.” (note 61) Irv Rubin with JDLfollowers at a 1981 gathering. Holding a baseball bat is Mordechai Levy. Rubin and Levy later became deadly rivals. After leaving the JDL (supposedly because it was not “militant enough”) he founded the Jewish Defense Organization. He claimed that his group, based in New York City, had more than 3,000 members. (The real figure was probably no more than a few dozen.) In the years that followed, Levy and rival Zionist militant Irv Rubin engaged in increasingly bitter feuding. In August 1989, Levy was arrested following a dramatic night-time confrontation with Rubin and other JDL members. Fearing that Rubin was trying to kill him, Levy went to the roof of the building where he lived and began spraying the lower Manhattan street with semiautomatic rifle fire, wounding an air-conditioning repairman as he sat in his parked van. (note 62) Levy was later sentenced to four and a half years imprisonment for injuring the 69-year-old repairman. (note 63) On April 22, 1993, Jewish Defense Organization members attacked demonstrators who had gathered in Washington, DC, to protest the US Holocaust Memorial Museum. At least one person was seriously injured. A JDO spokesman told reporters that several members of his group had attacked and beat “four or five” of the 150 or so persons who had rallied to express their opposition to the Museum. (note 64) One of the victims was David Willcox, a 52-year-old employee of the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission. He was standing on a street corner when three men wearing black “paramilitary” uniforms and skull caps with the Star of David attacked, beating him on the head and legs with metal pipes. Willcox required hospitalization and 12 stitches in his head. Two JDO members later confirmed the attack against Willcox. JDO spokesman Michael Schneider told a reporter that his group would continue to do “whatever is necessary ” to “defend” Jews, including attacking “enemies” in the street. The FBI said that it is investigating the attack against Willcox as a possible act of “domestic terrorism,” while city police announced that they were looking into the incident as a possible “hate crime.” (As we go to press, though, no arrests have been made.) Since the early 1970s, Irv Rubin has been perhaps the most prominent Jewish Defense League activist and spokesman. After a time as leader of the group’s JDL’s West coast operations, he emerged as “national chairman” of the post-Kahane JDL. By 1979, Rubin had managed to get arrested 39 times in connection with JDL activities. (note 65) Irv Rubin In March 1992, Irv Rubin was arrested on suspicion of conspiring to commit murder. He was released a few days later after the Los Angeles district attorney’s office determined that police lacked sufficient evidence to hold him. (note 66) In August 1992, Rubin’s JDL succeeded in forcing a Los Angeles restaurant and nightclub, the Largo, to cancel a concert on behalf of the Palestine Aid Society, to raise money for humanitarian assistance. Rubin warned Largo proprietor Mark Flanagan that he could “expect trouble” and an “angry protest” unless he cancelled the event. Soon after, Flanagan discovered that his business’ door locks had been destroyed by still-dripping fast-acting molecular glue. Then, just hours before the event was to begin, Flanagan canceled the concert out of fear that patrons might be victims of a possible JDL attack. (note 67) Among the most persistent targets of Jewish terrorists in recent years have been those who reject the generally accepted Holocaust story that six million Jews were systematically murdered in Europe during the Second World War. In recent decades, a growing number of scholars have been citing an impressive body of evidence that raises serious doubts about many supposedly well-documented aspects of the Holocaust story. These “Holocaust revisionists” include acclaimed best-selling British historian David Irving, French professor Dr. Robert Faurisson and Dr. Arthur Butz of Northwestern University. (For more about Holocaust revisionism and the arguments of revisionist historians, write for a catalog of books, tapes and other material from the Institute for Historical Review.) Incidents of violence against revisionist “thought criminals” have included: Mordechai Levy, leader of the militant Jewish Defense Organization, is taken into custody by police following an August 1989 shooting incident in which he wounded a bystander. Since its founding in 1978, the Institute for Historical Review has been the leading American publisher of books and other materials questioning the Holocaust extermination story. For this reason, its office in southern California, as well as individual IHR employees, soon became targets of a systematic campaign that included a drive-by shooting, three firebombings, vandalization of IHR employee-owned automobiles, slashings of 22 tires of employee automobiles, JDL-organized demonstrations outside the IHR office, and numerous telephone threats during office hours and at night to IHR employees at home. So intense did the harassment become that the family of one IHR employee was forced to move. (note 77) Jewish Defense League activists, one carrying an Israeli flag, shout slogans while marching outside the office of the Institute for Historical Review in Torrance, California, April 5, 1981. During the course of a JDL demonstration in front of the IHR office on March 19, 1981, Mordechai Levy and other JDL protesters attacked the car of the landlord’s agent, who had arrived to ensure security. While shouting threats, Levy smashed the right front passenger window of the man’s car as he drove off. (note 78) A few weeks later, on April 5, 1981, JDL hoodlums staged another violent demonstration outside the IHR office, during which an IHR employee was thrown to the ground and beaten. In the early morning hours of June 25, 1981, came the first firebombing attack against the IHR office. Fortunately, the arson device — similar to a “Molotov cocktail” — caused only minor damage. A man claiming to represent the “Jewish Defenders” announced responsibility for the attack in phone calls to news agencies. (note 79) The second arson attack against the IHR office came on April 25, 1982, in which a copy machine, a few pieces of furniture and some records were damaged. In a telephone message to a local news agency, a group calling itself “the Jewish Defenders” claimed responsibility. (note 80) In an attack on September 5, 1982, the IHR office was riddled with gunfire, demolishing two windows and damaging the front door. Additionally, a small arson device caused some slight damage to the front of the office. Later that day, as throughout the week, came a barrage of murder-threatening telephone calls. Although the caller’s voice was identified as that of Mordechai Levy, typically, no one was arrested in the case. (note 81) This terror campaign culminated in a devastating arson attack on the Institute’s offices and warehouse in Torrance on July 4, 1984 — the 209th anniversary of American independence. Damage in the attack, carried out in the early morning hours of the 4th, was estimated at $400,000. (note 82) In a special edition of the IHR Newsletter (August 1984), IHR Director J. Marcellus summed up: As a physical entity, the Institute for Historical Review has virtually ceased to exist. Ninety percent of our book and tape inventory — the largest collection of revisionist historical literature to be found anywhere — has been wiped out. Every last piece of office equipment and machinery — including desks, chairs, files and shelves — lay in charred heaps of useless, twisted scrap. Manuscripts, documents, artwork, galleys and film negatives — products of more than six long years of a tough, dedicated effort to bring suppressed historical data to people the world over — no longer exist. Tens of thousands of books…estimated at over $300,000 in value, are gone…More than 2,500 square feet of space that was once the world’s most controversial publisher lies blackened in chaos and total ruin. Two days later, JDL leader Irv Rubin showed up at the site of the gutted IHR offices to publicly praise the arson attack. The JDL, he declared, “wholeheartedly applauds the recent devastation of the offices of the Institute for Historical Review.” Denying any personal responsibility himself, Rubin said that the criminal attack had been carried out by a former JDL activist named Larry Winston (Joel Cohen). “I believe, with all my heart, that he [Winston/Cohen] had something to do with this” arson, Rubin declared. (note 83) Some attendees of the 1989 IHRConference demonstrate outside the Red Lion Inn Costa Mesa,California, to protest the hotel’s capitulation to threat and intimidation by the Jewish Defense League. Although no one was ever arrested in connection with the 1984 firebombing, the sophisticated nature of the attack suggests that it could have been the work of trained operatives of a foreign governmental agency. Apart from local news coverage, American newspapers and television reported almost nothing about this act of criminal “book burning.” This skewed media treatment moved noted journalist Alexander Cockburn to observe (in the pages of the liberal weekly The Nation): (note 84) The outfit in the United States that does publish material belittling generally accepted accounts of the Nazi extermination of the Jews is called the Institute for Historical Review. I don’t recall much fuss when its offices in Torrance, California, were firebombed in July 1984. Perhaps this is what Mailer meant by “sophistication” in handling such heterodox opinion. At the same time, though, a few prominent voices courageously spoke out against the attack. American historian John Toland — who received the Pulitzer prize for general non-fiction in 1971 for his book The Rising Sun — wrote to the IHR: (note 85)

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August 25, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

Jewish Defense League | Southern Poverty Law Center

The JDL’s position with regard to Israel is denial of any Palestinian claims to land and the calling for the removal of all Arabs from the “Jewish-inherited soil.” The group has orchestrated countless terrorist attacks in the U.S. and abroad, and has engaged in intense harassment of foreign diplomats, Muslims, Jewish scholars and community leaders, and officials. In Its Own Words “To turn the other cheek is not a Jewish concept. Do not listen to the soothing anesthesia of the establishment. They walk in the paths of those whose timidity helped bury our brothers and sisters less than thirty years ago.”Rabbi Meir Kahane, Jewish Defense League founder “[I]n the end with few exceptions the Jew can look to no one but another Jew for help and the true solution to the Jewish problem is the liquidation of the Exile and the return of all Jews to Eretz Yisroel the land of Israel.” Jewish Defense League’s “Five Principles” “It was the lack of discipline and Jewish unity that led continually to the destruction of the Jewish people. It is Jewish unity and self-discipline that will lead to the triumph of the Jewish people.” Jewish Defense League’s “Five Principles” Background The Jewish Defense League was founded in 1968 by Rabbi Meir Kahane (born Martin Kahane). Its inception was part of the white backlash surrounding the New York City teachers’ union strikes of 1968. The strikes brought to the surface racial tension between the predominantly Jewish teachers union, and black residents who were seeking greater control over their neighborhood schools. This, coupled with black demands for more civil service jobs, stirred the already hostile racial climate in Manhattan’s neighborhoods and led working-class Jews in the outer boroughs to join the JDL. Kahane, who then wrote for The Jewish Weekly, an Orthodox periodical, flooded the tabloids with stories of blacks and Puerto Ricans terrorizing Jews in Manhattan. He dispatched JDL units to “patrol” predominantly Jewish areas, which ultimately led to an ethnic polarization of neighborhoods. By 1970, however, the JDL had changed its primary cause to the plight of Soviet Jews. From that point on, the main objective of the JDL was to terrorize Soviet establishments in the U.S. to influence the communist nation to change its anti-Semitic policies specifically, its ban on emigration to Israel. The terrorism become so severe that President Richard Nixon feared JDL activity would threaten the Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty (SALT) II negotiations with the Soviet Union. In 1970 alone, the JDL committed five acts of terrorism, taking over the East Park Synagogue in Manhattan twice, in May and in November, to protest the Soviet U.N. Mission across the street. Throughout the 1970s and ’80s, JDL members did everything from pouring blood over the head of a Soviet diplomat at a reception in Washington, D.C., to planting a smoke bomb in a Carnegie Hall performance of a Soviet orchestra. With each incident, the JDL claimed responsibility by phoning in its official slogan, in reference to the Holocaust, “Never again!” Members of the Jewish community in Moscow, however, made clear that they did not appreciate the JDL’s efforts in the U.S., which were made allegedly on their behalf. In a New York Times article headlined “Anti-Soviet Violence Here Upsets Jews in Moscow,” Soviet Jews publicly made their case against the JDL. “A number of Jewish activists refused permission to emigrate feel that [anti-Soviet] harassment in New York hurts their cause and may give Soviet authorities an excuse to become even more intransigent,” the newspaper reported. Though Soviets were their main victims, the JDL has targeted anyone it considers a threat to the survival of radical Jewish nationalism. This includes U.S. and foreign diplomats, domestic radical-right organizations, Arab and Muslim activists, journalists and scholars, and Jewish community members who are simply not “Jewish enough.” In 1975, six JDL members forced their way into the office of the executive vice president of the San Francisco Jewish Welfare Foundation and assaulted four staff members, including one who had been crippled from time spent in a concentration camp. The break-in was to protest the “slow response” of the federation to community needs of Jews in San Francisco. The following year, JDL members began targeting diplomats of all nations who had voted for a U.N. resolution equating Zionism with racism. Three members were charged with invading and vandalizing the Mexican consulate in Philadelphia, and were later convicted of obstructing foreign officials and their duties, damaging property of a foreign government, and conspiracy. The JDL also pitted its radical agenda against that of Nazis. In 1981, 20 members of the JDL took over the offices of the American Civil Liberties Union in Atlanta to protest its representation of neo-Nazis in court. Later that year, eight members attacked National Socialist Party of America leader Harold Covington with steel pipes as he approached NBC studios in New York, which led Covington to state, later that evening on the “Tomorrow” show, that “all Jews should be gassed.” Earlier that year, the JDL had terrorized Boleslavs Maikovskis, an accused Nazi war criminal. A representative from the JDL took responsibility for throwing four gasoline firebombs into the Latvian ex-Nazi’s home in Mineola, N.Y. The JDL has experienced waves of internal strife throughout its years of operation, first of all with Kahane’s emigration to Israel in 1971. Kahane’s successor, David Fisch, was a Columbia University student who could not maintain unity in the early years. Kahane returned to the U.S. in 1974 to name Russel Kelner international chairman. Kelner was a former U.S. Army lieutenant, trained in guerilla warfare and ready to direct the JDL’s paramilitary camp. In 1990, an Egyptian-born Islamic extremist, El Sayyid Nosair, assassinated Kahane during a Zionist conference in New York City, again throwing the group into disarray. The JDL got some unwelcome international attention in 1994, when Baruch Goldstein, a JDL member, massacred 29 Palestinian Muslims kneeling in prayer at a mosque in the West Bank city of Hebron. The JDL’s website justifies Goldstein’s mass murder by saying “Goldstein took a preventative measure against yet another Arab attack on Jews.” In 2002, then-JDL Chairman Irv Rubin was jailed while awaiting trial on charges of conspiracy in planning bomb attacks against the King Fahd Mosque in Culver City, Calif., and on the office of Arab-American Congressman Darrell Issa. Rubin slit his throat with a prison-issued safety razor, and fell or jumped off a balcony, sustaining injuries that led to his death several days later. Rubin’s co-defendant in the case, Earl Krugel, met a similar fate in 2005 in a Phoenix prison when another inmate, reportedly, swung a bag containing a cinderblock into the back of Krugel’s head, killing him. Krugel was murdered less than two months after being sentenced as part of a plea bargain. In 2003, the Rubin family filed a wrongful death suit, citing allegedly suspicious circumstances. Upon the death of Rubin, Shelley Rubin, Irv’s widow, named Bill Maniaci temporary leader of the JDL. In 2004, Rubin called for Maniaci to resign. When he refused, he was stripped of his title and membership, taking a large portion of the organization with him. After a lengthy legal battle over the JDL’s intellectual property and website, Shelley Rubin won the title of permanent chairman and CEO of the JDL. In 2009, never-before-seen FBI documents concerning Rubin’s alleged confession and details about his death were published by the online news site TheEnterpriseReport.com. The FBI deemed the league a right-wing terrorist group in their report “Terrorism 2000/2001,” but its domestic influence has waned in the years since, and today the JDL has no active chapters in the U.S. The JDL continues to wield steady membership through its website and blog, which distort news stories in order to vilify politicians, academics, and community leaders as “anti-Semitic.” One such attack was entitled “Carter the Jew Hater,” and attacked the former president’s book, Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid. The JDL today has chapters in Eastern Europe, Canada, Australia, South Africa, Russia, and the United Kingdom.

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August 12, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed

Jewish Defence League UK (JDL): FAQ’s

Q. Do I have to be Orthodox to join JDL? Are Conservative and Reform Jews welcome to join JDL? Do I even have to be Jewish? (Recently Updated) A. The Jewish Defense League does not believe in “hypenated Jews”: A Jew is a Jew to us. Our membership reflects this philosophy, running the gamut from the completely secular to the Talmid Chacham (Torah scholar). While our ideology promotes the Torah approach to Judaism and is most well aligned with “Orthodox” Judaism, Reform, Conservative and religiously-unaffiliated Jews are well represented within JDL ranks. JDL membership is open to anyone – including the non-Jew – who believes in our cause and is willing to defend Jews and Judaism, which includes Jewish rights, honor, property and institutions. Q. How do you write “Jewish Defense League” in Hebrew? A. The name of the Jewish Defense League in Hebrew is (transliterated, HaLiga L’Hagana Yehudit). Q. Why has JDL received so much criticism in the past? A. We get criticized all the time, but are much too busy helping the Jewish People to waste time on trivial personalities and trivial matters. When you walk down the street and a dog barks at you, you don’t bark back at it. We do appreciate criticism, however, coming from the “Jewish Establishment,” which did absolutely nothing to save Six Million European Jews. (We strongly encourage those who don’t know the history of the Establishment during the Holocaust to read the book While Six Million Died by Arthur Morse.) This same establishment did nothing about Soviet Jews, Ethiopian Jews or any other beleaguered Jews in our time; only when it became fashionable did Federation Jews get involved. It was JDL that brought the issue of Soviet Jews to the front page of the Anglo press. Until then, nobody knew about the 2.5 million Jews dying a spiritual death there; after JDL was done with its campaign the gates were opened for Soviet Jewry to emigrate. Many people disliked the views and tactics taught by Rabbi Kahane, but his ideology is being vindicated with every passing day. An increasing number of formerly crticial people are to starting to concede that JDL’s positions are sensible and difficult to argue against. Of course, it is true that there have been some controversies in the past in which certain members got into trouble, and there have also been some dangerous baseless acusations made against the League in the past (including the malicious prosecution and subsequent wrongful death of our late chairman Irv Rubin, ), but JDL has a strict no tolerance policy on even the mere suggestion of felonious activity that it enforces to protect everyone involved. Q. What good things does JDL do that nobody ever hears about? A. Lots of what we do never gets reported. Nobody likes good news, do they? Walking elderly Jews to synagogue, collecting money and food for poor Jews, settling neighborhood problems, Jewish educational programs and so on and so on — no one ever hears about these JDL activities unless we publicize them ourselves, which we don’t always do. That’s okay; we do them anyway. Often, disputes between individuals or moronic policies by corporations have been settled by JDL with single phone calls. In some situations the people JDL assists don’t want to publicize their stories, and we respect those requests. Over the last year (2010-2011), a JDL leader has generously extended his time and personal resources to help a downtrodden, psychologically impaired Jewish woman who has been on the receiving end of an onslaught from corrupt animal rights officials. Smaller tasks that JDL performs every day aren’t necessarily news-worthy, but they make the difference to those who are helped. Q. Does JDL hold racist views toward any group? Absolutely, unequivocally, noJDL is not a racist or bigoted organization in any way. Although we sometimes are required to speak in unambiguous terms about racial, ethnic and religious conflicts various groups are engaged in with Jews, JDL judges the conduct of people individually and without regard to any category they may fall under.And while JDL’s primary mission is to defend Am Yisrael, we extend support to non-Jews as well; JDL helps decent people in distress of all races, ethnicities and religions. Q. How does JDL feel about Yigal Amir, the alleged assassin of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin? A. We feel that Yigal Amir wasted his precious life. However, we have now included the “alleged” qualifier with this answer because since our original answer was published substantial additional evidence came to light indicating the assassination may have been a conspiracy and Amir the Israeli government’s patsy. But assuming Amir was legitimately guilty of the assasination, taking the life of Rabin was not worth Amir spending the rest of his life in an Israeli prison. The Israeli people would have taken Rabin out of office. While we were and remain ideologically opposed to Rabin and the false peace process he foisted on Israel, we believe ballots, not bullets, would have been the only correct way to deal with him. And even though Rabin was responsible for the murder of 18 precious Jewish souls aboard the Irgun ship the Altalena, his assassination was nonetheless wrong and counter-productive. Rabin’s murder gave leftist Jews in Israel (as well as leftists in general) a martyr, a hero, and a weapon to use in furthering Rabin’s political agenda (the false peace process) against Israel’s best interests, all of which they do not deserve. Today even many right-wing Israelis treat Rabin with great reverence, treatment he would not have received if he had served out his term and died years later from natural causes. That would have allowed him to witness the horrific effects of his woefully misguided attempt at peace and would have given Israelis the chance to view his record more objectively. Q. How does JDL feel about Dr. Boruch Goldstein? A. Dr. Goldstein was a brilliant surgeon, a mild-mannered Yeshiva-educated man who was promoted to the rank of major in the IDF. He was warned by his superiors in the military to prepare an open field hospital in anticipation of another murderous attack by the hostile Arab population of Hevron during the Jewish festival of Purim. Many of these Arabs were standing outside Goldstein’s synagogue in the Cave of the Patriarchs and yelling “Slaughter the Jew.” Goldstein had lost 30 close friends in the last few years; they were murdered by Arabs in the Hevron-Kiryat Arba area. One of those was the son of his best friend, Mordechai Lapid; as Goldstein rushed to give the young man medical aid, he was held back by the Arabs on the scene and the young man died. Additionally, as there is proof that the Arabs were hoarding food and supplies in response to a Muslim call for a massacre on the Jewish holiday of Purim, we feel that Goldstein took a preventative measure against yet another Arab attack on Jews. We understand his motivation, his grief and his actions. We do not consider his assault to qualify under the label of terrorism because Dr. Goldstein was a soldier in a war zone who was faced by an imminent terrorist threat. We teach that violence is never a good solution but is unfortunately sometimes necessary as a last resort when innocent lives are threatened; we therefore view Dr. Goldstein as a martyr in Judaism’s protracted struggle against Arab terrorism. And we will never be ashamed to say that Goldstein was a charter member of the Jewish Defense League. Q. How has JDL viewed offers from notorious Jew-haters like Louis Farrakhan to discuss their differences with Jewish leaders? A. As far as JDL is concerned, there is no common ground for discussion with those individuals. Years ago, Louis Farrakhan extended an invitation to Jewish leaders to have a discussion with him. As one would expect, those establishment Jewish leaders accepted the invitation and found themselves dismayed with the outcome. Even Edgar Bronfman, famed Canadian Jewish liberal, said he regretted his meeting with Farrakhan. High-profile Jew-haters will most likely not be changed one iota by attempts at dialog with them. Some ignorant Jew-haters can be convinced to change their opinions if they are shown overwhelming evidence against their positions, but the worst among them are too deeply invested in hatred to change their ways so easily. Q. Why didn’t the JDL condemn the 1985 murder of Alex Odeh, director of the American Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee? Did JDL have anything to do with the bombing that killed him? A. It is true that JDL International Chairman Irv Rubin, HY”D, publicly stated that Odeh “got what he deserved” in the bombing of the ADC offices in Santa Ana, California. He also said, “I’m not crying over the death of Alex Odeh. My tear ducts are dry. My tears were used up crying for Leon Klinghoffer.” Rubin made these passionate statements after observing Odeh on television less than 24 hours before his death on the local ABC news whitewashing the PLO’s involvement in the death of the wheelchair-bound Klinghoffer on the hijacked cruise ship Achille Lauro. Odeh praised the PLO and called Arafat a man of peace. JDL believesand there is no information to the contrarythat Odeh was murdered by his own people, probably Hamas, who believed Odeh to be too moderate. Q. Why did the murderer of Rabbi Meir Kahane – El Sayyid Nosair- get off? A. Although Nosair was acquitted by a “Third World” New York State Court Jury – every Jew who was a possible juror was summarily disqualified by the defense attorneys – he was found guilty of murder by a federal court jury years later. Nosair was sentenced to life in prison along with Sheik Rahman, the architect of the first World Trade Center bombing. It is now well known that if federal authorities had paid attention to Rabbi Kahane’s assassination, they would have had a better chance of preventing the first attack, which, of course, was the major inspiration for the second and final World Trade Center attack on 9/11/2001. Q. Is JDL anti-homosexual? A. JDL seeks to encourage belief in the morality of our Creator as set down in His eternal Torah, and the Torah forcefully denounces male homosexual activity. We believe that the recent judicial trend in the United States to denigrate the institution of marriage by redefining the term to include homosexual couples is an especially inappropriate extension of judicial power, but even legislatures in democracies are not free to arbitarily redefine the meanings cultural institutions like marriage because of political correctness. We don’t ask our members or supporters about their sexual activities, but we do not condone homosexual behavior as we feel it is detrimental to the perpetuation of Jewish life. However, it is not up to us to judge or condemn homosexuals. G-d judges all of his creation but is also merciful to humanity, knowing that we are souls placed in fallible flesh. The 5 JDL UK Principles: Ahavat Yisrael- Love of Jewry:The Jewish Defense League came into being to educate the Jewish people to the concept of Ahavat Yisrael meaningone Jewish people, indivisible and united, from which flows the love for and the feeling of pain of all Jews. It sees the need for a movement that is dedicated specifically to Jewish problems and that allocates its time, resources, energies and funds to Jews. It realizes that in the end, with few exceptions, thatthe Jew can look to no one but another Jew for help and that the true solution to the Jewish problem is the peaceful liquidation of the Exile (may it come speedily, and in our days, as prophesied) and the return of all Jews to Eretz Yisrael, the land of Israel. It sees an immediate need to place Judaism over any other “ism” and ideology and calls for the use of the yardstick: “Is it good for Jews?” Hadar – Dignity and Pride: JDL teaches the concept of Hadar, pride in and knowledge of Jewish tradition, faith, culture, land, history, strength, pain and peoplehood. Hadar is the need to have pride in Judaism and not allow it to be disgraced and defiled by beating and desecration of Jewish honor. This is the concept that the great Jewish leader Zev Jabotinsky attempted to instill in the oppressed and degraded masses of Eastern Europe 70 years ago. The anti-Semite’s hatred and contempt of the Jew is an attempt to degrade us. It is an attempt to instill within the Jew a feeling of inferiority. It is an attempt that, all too often, succeeds in promoting Jewish self-hatred and shame in an attempt to escape one’s Jewishness. Hadar is pride. Hadar is self-respect. Hadar is dignity in being a Jew. Barzel – Iron: JDL upholds the principle of Barzel, iron, the need to both move to help Jews everywhere and to change the Jewish image through sacrifice and all necessary means, strength, force and even violence as a last resort. The Galut image of the Jew as a weakling, as one who is easily stepped upon and who does not fight back is an image that must be changed. Not only does that image cause immediate harm to Jews but it is a self-perpetuating thing. Because a Jew runs away or because a Jew allows himself to be stepped upon, he guarantees that another Jew in the future will be attacked because of the image that he has perpetuated. JDL wants to create a physically strong, fearless and courageous Jew who fights back. We are changing an image, an image born of 2,000+ years in the Galut, an image that must be buried because it has buried us. We train ourselves for the defense of Jewish lives and Jewish rights. We learn how to fight physically, for it is better to know how and not have to, than have to and not know how. Mishmaat – Discipline and Unity: Mishmaat: discipline and dedication creates within a Jew the knowledge that he or she can and will do whatever must be done, and the unity and strength of willpower to bring this into reality. It was the lack of discipline and Jewish unity that led continually to the destruction of the Jewish people. It is Jewish unity and self-discipline that will lead to the triumph of the Jewish people. Bitachon – Faith in The Indestructibility of The Jewish People: Faith in the greatness and indestructibility of the Jewish people, our religion and our Land of Israel is Bitachon. It is a faith that is built by our belief in HaShem Tzvaot, the one and only Jewish G-d of Hosts and the incredible saga of Jewish history that has seen us overcome the flood of enemies that have arisen to wipe us out in every generation. It is this faith in the permanence and survival of the Jewish people that, in turn, gives faith in the ultimate success of the Jewish Defense League. No matter how difficult, no matter how impossible the task may seem, if it is a good task, if it is a holy task, it will succeed, because it must. The sources for the philosophy and actions of the Jewish Defense League are Jewish sources. They stem from the wellsprings of Jewish tradition and have their roots in Jewish teachings. In the Hebrew Scriptures, in the Talmud, in the teachings of Chazal, our blessed rabbis throughout the ages, in Jewish practice throughout history, the concepts of Ahavat Yisrael and Hadar Yisrael and the practices of Barzel Yisrael, Mishmaat Yisrael and Bitachon Yisrael are hallowed. At the same time, an eternal debt is owed to Jews of our age who also recognized that these concepts are indeed Jewish and who fought an assimilated Jewish tide to put them into practice. We refer to the great Zev Jabotinsky, his followers and his movement of which we consider ourselves a spiritual part. And sitting in Heaven righteously alongside Jabotinsky is the founder and forever spiritual leader of the Jewish Defense League, Rabbi Meir Kahane. May the Almighty grant us the understanding to recognize and act on our problems forthrightly and the courage to go out to battle against our enemies in the face of all obstacles, from within and without.

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July 28, 2016   Posted in: Jewish Defense League  Comments Closed


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