Archive for the ‘Judaism’ Category

Judaism | World | The Guardian

Letters:Dr David Alderson and 42 others want the University of Manchester to apologise to the students whose campaign it has maligned, and to the censored speaker whom it has defamed. MeanwhileProf Avi Shlaim and six other signatories object to Moshe Machovers expulsion from the Labour party

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Judaism | World | The Guardian

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Judaism | Definition of Judaism by Merriam-Webster

1 : a religion developed among the ancient Hebrews and characterized by belief in one transcendent God who has revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions

2 : the cultural, social, and religious beliefs and practices of the Jews

3 : conformity to Jewish rites, ceremonies, and practices

4 : the whole body of Jews : the Jewish people

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Judaism – definition of Judaism by The Free Dictionary

an attitude or policy of hatred and hostility toward Jewish people. anti-Semite, n.

Hasidism, def. 2.

1. the principles or doctrines of the cabala, a system of theosophy, theurgy, and mystical Scriptural interpretive methods originated by rabbis about the 8th century and affecting later Christian thinkers.2. an interpretation made according to these doctrines.3. an extreme traditionalism in theological concepts or Biblical interpretation.4. obscurantism, especially that resulting from the use of obscure vocabulary. cabalist, n. cabalistic, adj.

the scattering of the Jews after the period of Babylonian exile.

a student of or expert on the Gemara, or second book of the Talmud. Gemaric, adj.

the state or quality of being non-Jewish. gentile, n., adj.

1. the explanatory matter in rabbinic and Talmudic literature, interpreting or illustrating the Scriptures.2. a book in which is printed the liturgy for the Seder service. haggadic, haggadical, adj.

1. a student of the Haggada.2. a writer of the Haggada.

the entire body of Jewish law, comprising Biblical laws, oral laws transcribed in the Talmud, and subsequent codes altering traditional teachings. Halakist, Halachist, n. Halakic, adj.

1. the beliefs and practices of a mystical Jewish sect, founded in Poland about 1750, characterized by an emphasis on prayer, religious zeal, and joy.2. the beliefs and practices of a pious sect founded in the 3rd century B.C. to resist Hellenizing tendencies and to promote strict observance of Jewish laws and rituals. Also Assideanism. Hasidic, adj. Hasidim, n. pi.

the thought, spirit, and practice characteristic of the Hebrews. Hebraist, n. Hebraistic, Hebraistical, adj.

1. the Jewish people collectively.2. an area inhabited solely or mostly by Jews.

1. the Jewish religion, rites, customs, etc.2. adherence to the Jewish religion, rites, etc. Judaist, n. Judaic, Judaistic, adj.

a hatred of Jews and of Jewish culture. Also called Judaeophobia.

a Jewish theology based on literal interpretation of the Old Testament and rejection of rabbinical commentary. Karaite, n.

the custom under the Mosaic code (Deut. xxv: 5-10) that required a widow to marry her dead husbands brother if she had no sons. levirate, leviratical, adj.

any of the Jewish scribes of the 10th century who compiled the Masora. Masoretic, Masoretical, adj.

1. a belief in a Messiah coming to deliver the Jews, restore Israel, and rule righteously, first mentioned by the Prophet Isaiah.2. the Christian belief that Jesus Christ was the Messiah prophesied.3. the vocation of a Messiah. Messianic, adj.

the condition of being rooted in Mosaic tradition.

1. the system of laws and rituals established by Moses.2. devotion to the Mosaic laws. Mosaist, n. Mosaic, adj.

1. the beliefs and practices of an ancient Jewish sect, especially strictness of religious observance, close adherence to oral laws and traditions, and belief in an afterlife and a coming Messiah. Cf. Sadducecism.2. (l.c.) the behavior of a sanctimonious and self-righteous person. Pharisee, pharisee n. Pharisaic, pharisaic, adj.

the philosophy of Philo Judaeus, lst-century B.C. Alexandrian, combining Judaism and Platonism and acting as a precursor of Neoplatonism. Philonian, adj. Philonic, adj.

the beliefs, practices, and precepts of the rabbis of the Talmudic period. rabbinic, rabbinical, adj.

the beliefs and principles underlying a strict observance of the Sabbath. Sabbatarian, n., adj.

the beliefs and practices of an ancient Jewish sect made up largely of the priestly aristocracy and opposing the Pharisees in both political and doctrinal matters, especially literal and less legalistic interpretation of the Jewish law, rejection of the rabbinical and prophetic traditions, and denying immortality, retribution in a future life, and the existence of angels. Cf. Phariseeism. Sadducee, n. Sadducean, adj.

the beliefs and actions of Jewish scribes during the life of Christ.

the study of Semitic languages and culture. Semitist, Semiticist, n.

1. the state or quality of being Jewish.2. anything typical or characteristic of Judaism, as customs, beliefs, influence, etc.

Torah, def. 2.

1. the teachings of the collection of Jewish law and tradition called the Talmud.2. the observance of and adherence to these teachings. Talmudist, n. Talmudic, adj.

1. the first flve books of the Old Testament; the Pentateuch.2. a scroll of these scriptures in Hebrew used for liturgical purposes. Also called Sepher Torah.3. the entire body of Jewish law and tradition as found in the Old Testament and the Talmud.

a writer of tosaphoth.

the explanatory and critical glosses made usually in the margins of Talmudic literature.

1. the worship of Yahweh (Jehovah).2. the act or custom of naming Jehovah Yahweh.

the beliefs, activities, and spirit of an ancient radical group in Judea that advocated overthrowing Roman rule.

a worldwide Jewish movement for the establishment in Palestine of a national homeland for Jews. Zionist, Zionite, n. Zionist, Zionistic, adj.

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Judaism – definition of Judaism by The Free Dictionary

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Judaism: Basic Beliefs | URI

Judaism began about 4000 years ago with the Hebrew people in the Middle East. Abraham, a Hebrew man, is considered the father of the Jewish faith because he promoted the central idea of the Jewish faith: that there is one God. At the time many people in the Middle East worshipped many gods. It is said that Abraham and his wife Sarah, who were old and childless, were told by God that their children would be as plentiful as the stars in the sky and that they would live in a land of their own — the Promised Land. This gradually came true.

Abraham’s son, Isaac had a son, Jacob, also called Israel. In this way the descendants of Abraham came to be known as the Israelites. God promised the Israelites he would care for them as long as they obeyed God’s laws. While still traveling, the Hebrews lived in Egypt where they were enslaved. Moses, a Hebrew, was chosen by God to lead the Hebrew people out of Egypt. Moses led the Hebrew people out of the Sinai Desert toward the promised land. At Mt. Sinai, God gave Moses the Law which would guide the Israelites to today. The laws were called the Ten Commandments and form the basis of the Torah, the book of Jewish law.

It took many years for the Israelites to finally get to what they thought was the Promised Land – Canaan. After some fighting the Jews established the Israelite kingdom. After many years, Canaan was conquered by the Assyrians, the Babylonians and then eventually the Romans. The Israelites once again found themselves enslaved, this time by Babylonians. The Israelites were then taken over by Romans who destroyed much of what had been built in Jerusalem by the Israelites. Most of the Jews were scattered all over the region and eventually moved from place to place to avoid persecution which continues to this day. The dispersion of the Jews is called the Diaspora.

The worst persecution of the Jews was during World War II by the Nazis who murdered more than six million Jews or a third of the world’s Jewish population. This was called the Holocaust. Beginning in the 1880’s Jews began returning to their homeland in growing numbers, this time to avoid persecution where they lived. After World War II, many Jews believed that for the Jewish people and culture to survive, Jews needed to live in their own country where all Jews from anywhere in the world would have the right to live and be citizens. In 1948, Palestine was divided up and a Jewish state of Israel was formed in the land that was once called Canaan, surrounded by countries with predominantly Muslim populations. Since Muslims also claimed rights to the land where the Jews were living, there was conflict, which continues to this day in the Middle East.

Today nearly fourteen million Jewish people live all over the world. Approximately half of them live in the United States, one quarter live in Israel, and a quarter are still scattered around the world in countries in Europe, Russia, South America, Africa, Asia and other North American and Middle Eastern countries. Anyone born to a Jewish mother is considered a Jew.

Jewish people believe in the Torah, which was the whole of the laws given to the Israelities at Sinai. They believe they must follow God’s laws which govern daily life. Later legal books, written by rabbis, determine the law as it applies to life in each new place and time.

Orthodox Jews believe that all of the practices in the Torah which it is practical to obey must be obeyed without question.

Conservative and Reform Jews believe that the ancient laws and practices have to be interpreted for modern life with inclusion of contemporary sources and with more concern with community practices than with ritual practices.

Reform Jews also allow everyone to sit together, men and women, and both Hebrew and the local language are spoken in services.

The Tenakh is the ancient collection of writings that are sacred to the Jews. They were written over almost a thousand years from 1000 to 100 BCE. The word Tenakh comes from the three first letters of the three books included in this text: the Torah, plus the Nev’im (prophets) and the Ki’tuvim (writings, which include histories, prophecies, poems, hymns and sayings).

The Torah is written on scrolls and kept in a special cabinet called the aron hakodish, the holy ark, in synagogues. The Torah is read with a pointer called a yad (hand) to keep it from being spoiled. Each week, one section is read until the entire Torah is completed and the reading begins again.

The Talmud is also an important collection of Jewish writings. Written about 2000 years ago, it is a recording of the rabbis discussion of the way to follow the Torah at that time. Later texts, the Mishnah Torah and the Shulhan Aruch, are recordings of rabbinic discussions from later periods.

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Text of White House Statement on Immigration Priorities

immigration
Here is the full statement on immigration priorities issued by the White House late October 8.

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Text of White House Statement on Immigration Priorities

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Government Research Reveals Pakistani Women in Britain Are ‘Shockingly Badly Integrated’

Pakistani
The Government is set to publish a ‘disparity audit’ which reveals that Pakistani women in Britain are “shockingly badly integrated” and “living in an entirely different society”.

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Government Research Reveals Pakistani Women in Britain Are ‘Shockingly Badly Integrated’

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Kremlin Warns U.S.: ‘Negative Consequences’ if Trump Quits Iran Deal

Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin
MOSCOW – Moscow warned on Monday there would be “negative consequences” if US President Donald Trump fails to uphold the landmark Iran nuclear deal negotiated by his predecessor.

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Kremlin Warns U.S.: ‘Negative Consequences’ if Trump Quits Iran Deal

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Intentionally Infecting Others with HIV No Longer a Felony in California

The dangers of
In a controversial move, California Gov. Jerry Brown has signed a bill lowering the crime of deliberately exposing a sexual partner to HIV from a felony to a misdemeanor.

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Intentionally Infecting Others with HIV No Longer a Felony in California

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Social Democrat ‘Consultant’ Allegedly Set Up Fake Anti-Semitic Group To Discredit Populists


The Austrian Social Democrats (SPÖ) have been rocked by scandal after news emerged that one of its paid consultants created a Facebook page against Austrian People’s Party leader Sebastian Kurz filled with anti-Semitic content.

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Social Democrat ‘Consultant’ Allegedly Set Up Fake Anti-Semitic Group To Discredit Populists

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Judaism | World | The Guardian

Letters:Dr David Alderson and 42 others want the University of Manchester to apologise to the students whose campaign it has maligned, and to the censored speaker whom it has defamed. MeanwhileProf Avi Shlaim and six other signatories object to Moshe Machovers expulsion from the Labour party

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Judaism | Definition of Judaism by Merriam-Webster

1 : a religion developed among the ancient Hebrews and characterized by belief in one transcendent God who has revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions 2 : the cultural, social, and religious beliefs and practices of the Jews 3 : conformity to Jewish rites, ceremonies, and practices 4 : the whole body of Jews : the Jewish people

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Judaism – definition of Judaism by The Free Dictionary

an attitude or policy of hatred and hostility toward Jewish people. anti-Semite, n. Hasidism, def. 2. 1. the principles or doctrines of the cabala, a system of theosophy, theurgy, and mystical Scriptural interpretive methods originated by rabbis about the 8th century and affecting later Christian thinkers.2. an interpretation made according to these doctrines.3. an extreme traditionalism in theological concepts or Biblical interpretation.4. obscurantism, especially that resulting from the use of obscure vocabulary. cabalist, n. cabalistic, adj. the scattering of the Jews after the period of Babylonian exile. a student of or expert on the Gemara, or second book of the Talmud. Gemaric, adj. the state or quality of being non-Jewish. gentile, n., adj. 1. the explanatory matter in rabbinic and Talmudic literature, interpreting or illustrating the Scriptures.2. a book in which is printed the liturgy for the Seder service. haggadic, haggadical, adj. 1. a student of the Haggada.2. a writer of the Haggada. the entire body of Jewish law, comprising Biblical laws, oral laws transcribed in the Talmud, and subsequent codes altering traditional teachings. Halakist, Halachist, n. Halakic, adj. 1. the beliefs and practices of a mystical Jewish sect, founded in Poland about 1750, characterized by an emphasis on prayer, religious zeal, and joy.2. the beliefs and practices of a pious sect founded in the 3rd century B.C. to resist Hellenizing tendencies and to promote strict observance of Jewish laws and rituals. Also Assideanism. Hasidic, adj. Hasidim, n. pi. the thought, spirit, and practice characteristic of the Hebrews. Hebraist, n. Hebraistic, Hebraistical, adj. 1. the Jewish people collectively.2. an area inhabited solely or mostly by Jews. 1. the Jewish religion, rites, customs, etc.2. adherence to the Jewish religion, rites, etc. Judaist, n. Judaic, Judaistic, adj. a hatred of Jews and of Jewish culture. Also called Judaeophobia. a Jewish theology based on literal interpretation of the Old Testament and rejection of rabbinical commentary. Karaite, n. the custom under the Mosaic code (Deut. xxv: 5-10) that required a widow to marry her dead husbands brother if she had no sons. levirate, leviratical, adj. any of the Jewish scribes of the 10th century who compiled the Masora. Masoretic, Masoretical, adj. 1. a belief in a Messiah coming to deliver the Jews, restore Israel, and rule righteously, first mentioned by the Prophet Isaiah.2. the Christian belief that Jesus Christ was the Messiah prophesied.3. the vocation of a Messiah. Messianic, adj. the condition of being rooted in Mosaic tradition. 1. the system of laws and rituals established by Moses.2. devotion to the Mosaic laws. Mosaist, n. Mosaic, adj. 1. the beliefs and practices of an ancient Jewish sect, especially strictness of religious observance, close adherence to oral laws and traditions, and belief in an afterlife and a coming Messiah. Cf. Sadducecism.2. (l.c.) the behavior of a sanctimonious and self-righteous person. Pharisee, pharisee n. Pharisaic, pharisaic, adj. the philosophy of Philo Judaeus, lst-century B.C. Alexandrian, combining Judaism and Platonism and acting as a precursor of Neoplatonism. Philonian, adj. Philonic, adj. the beliefs, practices, and precepts of the rabbis of the Talmudic period. rabbinic, rabbinical, adj. the beliefs and principles underlying a strict observance of the Sabbath. Sabbatarian, n., adj. the beliefs and practices of an ancient Jewish sect made up largely of the priestly aristocracy and opposing the Pharisees in both political and doctrinal matters, especially literal and less legalistic interpretation of the Jewish law, rejection of the rabbinical and prophetic traditions, and denying immortality, retribution in a future life, and the existence of angels. Cf. Phariseeism. Sadducee, n. Sadducean, adj. the beliefs and actions of Jewish scribes during the life of Christ. the study of Semitic languages and culture. Semitist, Semiticist, n. 1. the state or quality of being Jewish.2. anything typical or characteristic of Judaism, as customs, beliefs, influence, etc. Torah, def. 2. 1. the teachings of the collection of Jewish law and tradition called the Talmud.2. the observance of and adherence to these teachings. Talmudist, n. Talmudic, adj. 1. the first flve books of the Old Testament; the Pentateuch.2. a scroll of these scriptures in Hebrew used for liturgical purposes. Also called Sepher Torah.3. the entire body of Jewish law and tradition as found in the Old Testament and the Talmud. a writer of tosaphoth. the explanatory and critical glosses made usually in the margins of Talmudic literature. 1. the worship of Yahweh (Jehovah).2. the act or custom of naming Jehovah Yahweh. the beliefs, activities, and spirit of an ancient radical group in Judea that advocated overthrowing Roman rule. a worldwide Jewish movement for the establishment in Palestine of a national homeland for Jews. Zionist, Zionite, n. Zionist, Zionistic, adj.

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Judaism: Basic Beliefs | URI

Judaism began about 4000 years ago with the Hebrew people in the Middle East. Abraham, a Hebrew man, is considered the father of the Jewish faith because he promoted the central idea of the Jewish faith: that there is one God. At the time many people in the Middle East worshipped many gods. It is said that Abraham and his wife Sarah, who were old and childless, were told by God that their children would be as plentiful as the stars in the sky and that they would live in a land of their own — the Promised Land. This gradually came true. Abraham’s son, Isaac had a son, Jacob, also called Israel. In this way the descendants of Abraham came to be known as the Israelites. God promised the Israelites he would care for them as long as they obeyed God’s laws. While still traveling, the Hebrews lived in Egypt where they were enslaved. Moses, a Hebrew, was chosen by God to lead the Hebrew people out of Egypt. Moses led the Hebrew people out of the Sinai Desert toward the promised land. At Mt. Sinai, God gave Moses the Law which would guide the Israelites to today. The laws were called the Ten Commandments and form the basis of the Torah, the book of Jewish law. It took many years for the Israelites to finally get to what they thought was the Promised Land – Canaan. After some fighting the Jews established the Israelite kingdom. After many years, Canaan was conquered by the Assyrians, the Babylonians and then eventually the Romans. The Israelites once again found themselves enslaved, this time by Babylonians. The Israelites were then taken over by Romans who destroyed much of what had been built in Jerusalem by the Israelites. Most of the Jews were scattered all over the region and eventually moved from place to place to avoid persecution which continues to this day. The dispersion of the Jews is called the Diaspora. The worst persecution of the Jews was during World War II by the Nazis who murdered more than six million Jews or a third of the world’s Jewish population. This was called the Holocaust. Beginning in the 1880’s Jews began returning to their homeland in growing numbers, this time to avoid persecution where they lived. After World War II, many Jews believed that for the Jewish people and culture to survive, Jews needed to live in their own country where all Jews from anywhere in the world would have the right to live and be citizens. In 1948, Palestine was divided up and a Jewish state of Israel was formed in the land that was once called Canaan, surrounded by countries with predominantly Muslim populations. Since Muslims also claimed rights to the land where the Jews were living, there was conflict, which continues to this day in the Middle East. Today nearly fourteen million Jewish people live all over the world. Approximately half of them live in the United States, one quarter live in Israel, and a quarter are still scattered around the world in countries in Europe, Russia, South America, Africa, Asia and other North American and Middle Eastern countries. Anyone born to a Jewish mother is considered a Jew. Jewish people believe in the Torah, which was the whole of the laws given to the Israelities at Sinai. They believe they must follow God’s laws which govern daily life. Later legal books, written by rabbis, determine the law as it applies to life in each new place and time. Orthodox Jews believe that all of the practices in the Torah which it is practical to obey must be obeyed without question. Conservative and Reform Jews believe that the ancient laws and practices have to be interpreted for modern life with inclusion of contemporary sources and with more concern with community practices than with ritual practices. Reform Jews also allow everyone to sit together, men and women, and both Hebrew and the local language are spoken in services. The Tenakh is the ancient collection of writings that are sacred to the Jews. They were written over almost a thousand years from 1000 to 100 BCE. The word Tenakh comes from the three first letters of the three books included in this text: the Torah, plus the Nev’im (prophets) and the Ki’tuvim (writings, which include histories, prophecies, poems, hymns and sayings). The Torah is written on scrolls and kept in a special cabinet called the aron hakodish, the holy ark, in synagogues. The Torah is read with a pointer called a yad (hand) to keep it from being spoiled. Each week, one section is read until the entire Torah is completed and the reading begins again. The Talmud is also an important collection of Jewish writings. Written about 2000 years ago, it is a recording of the rabbis discussion of the way to follow the Torah at that time. Later texts, the Mishnah Torah and the Shulhan Aruch, are recordings of rabbinic discussions from later periods.

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Text of White House Statement on Immigration Priorities

Here is the full statement on immigration priorities issued by the White House late October 8.

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Government Research Reveals Pakistani Women in Britain Are ‘Shockingly Badly Integrated’

The Government is set to publish a ‘disparity audit’ which reveals that Pakistani women in Britain are “shockingly badly integrated” and “living in an entirely different society”.

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Kremlin Warns U.S.: ‘Negative Consequences’ if Trump Quits Iran Deal

MOSCOW – Moscow warned on Monday there would be “negative consequences” if US President Donald Trump fails to uphold the landmark Iran nuclear deal negotiated by his predecessor.

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Intentionally Infecting Others with HIV No Longer a Felony in California

In a controversial move, California Gov. Jerry Brown has signed a bill lowering the crime of deliberately exposing a sexual partner to HIV from a felony to a misdemeanor.

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Social Democrat ‘Consultant’ Allegedly Set Up Fake Anti-Semitic Group To Discredit Populists

The Austrian Social Democrats (SPÖ) have been rocked by scandal after news emerged that one of its paid consultants created a Facebook page against Austrian People’s Party leader Sebastian Kurz filled with anti-Semitic content.

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