Archive for the ‘Lavon Affair’ Category

The Lavon Affair: How a false-flag operation led to war …

Abstract

The Lavon Affair, a failed Israeli covert operation directed against Egypt in 1954, triggered a chain of events that have had profound consequences for power relationships in the Middle East; the affairs effects still reverberate today. Those events included a public trial and conviction of eight Egyptian Jews who carried out the covert operation, two of whom were subsequently executed; a retaliatory military incursion by Israel into Gaza that killed 39 Egyptians; a subsequent EgyptianSoviet arms deal that angered American and British leaders, who then withdrew previously pledged support for the building of the Aswan Dam; the announced nationalization of the Suez Canal by Nasser in retaliation for the withdrawn support; and the subsequent failed invasion of Egypt by Israel, France, and Britain in an attempt to topple Nasser. In the wake of that failed invasion, France expanded and accelerated its ongoing nuclear cooperation with Israel, which eventually enabled the Jewish state to build nuclear weapons.

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The Lavon Affair: How a false-flag operation led to war …

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The Lessons of the 'Lavon Affair'

The Way Peace Was Torpedoed Sixty Years Ago

Getty Images

Almost Partner: Gamel Abdel Nasser in 1957.

Published May 16, 2014.

Sitting around the Shabbat table, mourning once again a peace process gone bad, I casually mentioned, This is not the first time this has happened. Sixty years ago, almost to the day, a peace process was torpedoed by the Lavon Affair.

The Lavon Affair? Whats that?

Few remember the Lavon Affair, the cause clbre in Israel in the 1950s. Fewer even will remember that, in the early 1950s, there was real hope for peace with Egypt.

The Affair itself, named after then-Defense Minister Pinchas Lavon, was a failed Israeli covert operation, whose failure became a scandal, indeed a nightmare, for the government. Known in Israel as Haesek Habish the Bad Business the Lavon Affair triggered a chain of events that resulted in the collapse of one Israeli government in 1955, and of the long-term decline of the regnant Mapai Party, which had dominated the Yishuv in Mandatory Palestine, thence the State of Israel, for decades. More important, the Affair had profound consequences for power relationships in the Middle East.

The background to Lavon had to do with international and domestic Israeli politics both. In the early years of his regime, Egyptian Prime Minister Gamal Abdel Nasser (who had seized power from a doddering Egyptian monarchy in 1952), viewed Israel with ambivalence. Nasser had his problems at home, and he knew that he could not defeat Israel militarily. In 1953 he sanctioned secret contacts between his representatives and Israeli officials. The Egyptian demands were not earth-shattering: The Egyptians asked for some minor territorial adjustments along the Sinai-Gaza-Israeli border. They asked for compensation for not repatriation of Palestinian refugees. (Nasser later did waffle on the repatriation issue.) They said that they needed a land-link through the southern Negev to Jordan.

The Israelis said, in effect, We can talk about these points if the Arab boycott were to be lifted. Nasser: Lets talk.

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The Lessons of the 'Lavon Affair'

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Lavon Affair | The survival encyclopedia

“Name” Mossad “was tainted shame operations, poorly conceived, poorly equipped and poorly implemented.” It’s sad all the recognition we read the same book, Dennis Eisenberg, Uri Dan, and Eli Landau, and it applies to one of the most scandalous failure of Israeli intelligence services in the Middle East namely, in Egypt.

The literature on these services, the scandal in question is called “fraud Lavon” named Pinhas Lavon, the former defense minister of Israel from 1952 to 1954 and one of the leaders of the ruling Mapai. However, it can be assumed that the pin-Khas Lavon was elected rulers of the Zionist state to be the “scapegoat” after Egypt failed big espionage and terrorist group established there by Israeli intelligence services, which led to the biggest scandal in Israel itself, so and in the international arena.

The thing is. that in the early years of Israel’s existence its rulers have decided to establish in Egypt, which they then regarded as their main enemy, the powerful spy organization, based on Egyptian Jews, and especially their paramilitary “self-defense”. This was combined with the organization of a mass exodus from Egypt, about 300,000 Jews an operation code-named “Goshen” (as Egypt was known at the time of the Biblical Moses).

A Sami Azzaro, studied less student, created the money “Jewish donators” travel agency “Grunberg”, whose headquarters is in Cairo, and a branch in Alexandria. Azzaro and his associates did not stint on cost, organizing departure from Egypt Jews wishing (or coerced Azzaro agents) to go “on a journey”, which is usually complete in Israel. Available Azzaro was a lot of English, French, Italian and other passports for the needs of “travelers”, and these passports, and not fake. Their “left” Azzaro “sympathetic” citizens of Western European countries, the tourists who came to Egypt, and apparently “lost” their papers there. However, it can be assumed that the forms of such passports sent from the countries of Israeli intelligence agents penetrated the administrative and intelligence agencies of Western European countries. One way or another travel agency was a front for the Israeli agents and used it most broadly.

Once in July 1952 in Egypt overthrew King Farouk and power eventually came young officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser, the rulers of Israel decided to further strengthen its agency on Egyptian soil by sending “highly trained professionals.” However, in 1951, in Alexandria, there was a certain John Darling, an Englishman with features Yemenis.

In fact, it was a career employee of the Israeli Military Intelligence Abraham Dar, whose task was to create a network in Egypt’s military agents. The then chief of AMAN Colonel Benjamin Givli sent him to help Emile Vitbeynu, German, supplying leg prostheses for disabled Egyptian army and conquer the location, some high-ranking Egyptian military. Under the name of

Emile Vitbeyna hiding a Captain Max Bennett, who was considered one of the best agents “Mossad.” Born in Poland, Max Bennett emigrated in his time in Mandatory Palestine and as a teenager joined the squads “Haganah.” Then he served in the British Army, and finally was sent to England for special training for the role, “the Englishman.” It is possible that Max Bennett this Israeli spy was there, present, however his name was deliberately somewhere “lost.” In any case, he acquired British citizenship and married an Englishwoman.

Max Bennett served as the most important missions “Mossad” in Iran and Iraq, and, after the failed and miraculously fell into the hands of the Iraqi Intelligence Service, fled to Germany, where he became Emil Vitbeynom. John Darling and Emil Vitbeyn recruited in Egypt a group of agents, which are then transferred to Israel for a three-month training. After the return of these agents worked so “successful” for a year, he repeatedly received from their bosses in Israel congratulations and encouragement. They are something, and it was decided to use in the operation, which is known in the press as the “Lavon scam.”

The rulers of Tel Aviv were concerned at the time because, as they thought, London and Washington to start its Middle Eastern plans focus more on Cairo than in Tel Aviv. It looked like a mortal danger to the growth of Israel’s existence. It was then that came to light sentence incite the British and the Americans in Egypt. This proposal was put forward by the Minister of Defense Pin hasom Lavon and developed Moshe Dann, who was then Chief of Staff “IDF” (“IDF”) and Colonel Benjamin Givli, chief of AMAN.

The group’s task Bennett Darling Azzaro was simple: to make several spectacular sabotage operations against (as they say) the English and Americans * Rican “interests”, that is, explosions, fires, strikes and riots, so much so that in all this suspicion would have fallen the Egyptians. London and Washington would be forced to defend its citizens and to “restore order” in Egypt, and the British troops would leave the Suez Canal zone, from which they were preparing to evacuate * and would remain on Egyptian territory.

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Lavon Affair | The survival encyclopedia

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Israel – Lavon Affair – Muskingum University

The so-called Lavon Affair had its roots in an Israeli operation, codenamed SHOSHANA, which began in 1951. The Israelis established a network inside Egypt with the capability of attacking civil and military installations. In 1954, as pressure mounted for the British and French to turn over the Suez Canal to the Egyptians, the network — under the leadership of Avri El-Ad — launched a series of attacks designed to discredit the Egyptian government. Targets included the USIS libraries in Cairo and Alexandria. A failed attack in Alexandria led to the rolling up of the network. The question quickly became one of, “Who authorized the attacks on U.S. installations?” Despite denying that the order was his, Defense Minister Pinchas Lavon was forced to resign. For a brief review of this episode, see Richelson, A Century of Spies (1995), pp. 250-251.

Bar-Joseph, Uri. Intelligence Intervention in the Politics of Democratic States: The United States, Israel, and Britain. University Park, PA: Penn State Press, 1995.

Clark comment: Bar-Joseph analyzes four case studies of what he designates “intelligence intervention” in politics: the 1961 Bay of Pigs episode; the 1954 Israeli “Unfortunate Business” or “Lavon Affair”; and the 1920 “Henry Wilson” and 1924 “Zinoviev Letter” affairs in Britain. The author’s comparative approach may prove to be heavy going for the casual reader, but the politicization issue is certainly one that deserves serious study. However, as Brody, PSQ 111.3, observes, the intervention in the Lavon and Wilson affairs was at least arguably “as much by the military as by intelligence.”

According to Wirtz, APSR 90.1, the “tension created by th[e] effort to offer timely estimates while overcoming incentives to pander to policymakers … serves as a point of departure for Uri Bar-Joseph’s comparative study.” He “is especially interested in situations in which intelligence agencies spiral out of control and undertake unauthorized activities that overstep policy bounds.” The book’s “potential contribution … to developing a theory of civil-intelligence relations, however, is limited by several shortcomings in execution and conception.” Nevertheless, this “ambitious book … does a fine job in identifying several factors which affect the willingness and ability of intelligence officials to place their preferences into the policy arena.”

Warren, Surveillant 4.3, declares that “this book is mandatory reading” for serious students of intelligence: “Bar-Joseph sets the stage historically and then fits his argument onto the stage with logic and even wit.” Writing in the CIRA Newsletter, Fall 1996, Warren adds that this is “an important contribution to the continuing dialogue on the politicization of intelligence and intelligence organizations.” Stafford, I&NS 11.2, judges the book to be “impressively researched and written.” The work “is most likely to provoke discussion through its argument that at the root of the abuses [the author] describes lies insufficient separation between intelligence and politics.”

For Clutterbuck, Political Studies 44.4, Bar-Joseph “gives an excellent analysis of how these abuses of power occurred and argues that a high degree of professionalism in the intelligence services is as important as effective political control in preventing them.” Friedman, Parameters, Summer 1997, finds that “Intelligence Intervention is presented in a detailed but often humorous manner that makes for an entertaining as well as an educational experience.”

El-Ad, Avri, with James Creech, III. Decline of Honor. Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1976.

Pforzheimer notes that “the failure and exposure of the [Lavon] operation created government crises in Israel for some years.” According to Constantinides, El-Ad certainly “has [the] credentials to speak on the case,” but his “partisan and emotional involvement” make deferral of judgment wise.

Golan, Aviezer. Operation SUSANNAH: As Told by Marcelle Ninio, Victor Levy, Robert Dassa and Philip Nathanson. New York: Harper & Row, 1978.

Constantinides notes that “[m]ost of this book is devoted to the prison experiences of the net’s members,” but there are about 100 pages of discussion of the operation. He finds that “[m]any things about this version … are unsatisfactory.” The author gives little attention to the issue of who ordered the operation.

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Israel – Lavon Affair – Muskingum University

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The Lavon Affair | Israeli False Flag Attacks Against USA & Others – Video



The Lavon Affair | Israeli False Flag Attacks Against USA Others
9/11 Was Just Another Treacherous Attack In An Ongoing Series of False Flags Against Americans Carried Out by the Israelis . .

By: His Weapons O War

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The Lavon Affair | Israeli False Flag Attacks Against USA & Others – Video

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Holocaust History Project YouTube2 – Video



Holocaust History Project YouTube2
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Debating the Holocaust YouTube – Video



Debating the Holocaust YouTube
Ukraine Poland 1939 Eustace Mullins Anthony Lawson Faurisson Ernst Zundel Crimea Putin Pussy Riot Ezra Pound shrunken heads, nuremberg trial, Albert Einstein…

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The Lavon Affair Jewish Terror – Video



The Lavon Affair Jewish Terror
The Lavon Affair Jewish Terror.

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PROPHECY ALERT Archaeologists Find King David s Palace – Video



PROPHECY ALERT Archaeologists Find King David s Palace
More at : https://www.youtube.com/user/WayToWor… Bolshevism, Gaza, Genocide, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jew World Order, Jews, Libya, Max Igan, middle east, Neocons, Palestine, Syria, USA, War,…

By: Ray Davies

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The Lavon Affair: How a false-flag operation led to war …

Abstract The Lavon Affair, a failed Israeli covert operation directed against Egypt in 1954, triggered a chain of events that have had profound consequences for power relationships in the Middle East; the affairs effects still reverberate today. Those events included a public trial and conviction of eight Egyptian Jews who carried out the covert operation, two of whom were subsequently executed; a retaliatory military incursion by Israel into Gaza that killed 39 Egyptians; a subsequent EgyptianSoviet arms deal that angered American and British leaders, who then withdrew previously pledged support for the building of the Aswan Dam; the announced nationalization of the Suez Canal by Nasser in retaliation for the withdrawn support; and the subsequent failed invasion of Egypt by Israel, France, and Britain in an attempt to topple Nasser. In the wake of that failed invasion, France expanded and accelerated its ongoing nuclear cooperation with Israel, which eventually enabled the Jewish state to build nuclear weapons.

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The Lessons of the 'Lavon Affair'

The Way Peace Was Torpedoed Sixty Years Ago Getty Images Almost Partner: Gamel Abdel Nasser in 1957. Published May 16, 2014. Sitting around the Shabbat table, mourning once again a peace process gone bad, I casually mentioned, This is not the first time this has happened. Sixty years ago, almost to the day, a peace process was torpedoed by the Lavon Affair. The Lavon Affair? Whats that? Few remember the Lavon Affair, the cause clbre in Israel in the 1950s. Fewer even will remember that, in the early 1950s, there was real hope for peace with Egypt. The Affair itself, named after then-Defense Minister Pinchas Lavon, was a failed Israeli covert operation, whose failure became a scandal, indeed a nightmare, for the government. Known in Israel as Haesek Habish the Bad Business the Lavon Affair triggered a chain of events that resulted in the collapse of one Israeli government in 1955, and of the long-term decline of the regnant Mapai Party, which had dominated the Yishuv in Mandatory Palestine, thence the State of Israel, for decades. More important, the Affair had profound consequences for power relationships in the Middle East. The background to Lavon had to do with international and domestic Israeli politics both. In the early years of his regime, Egyptian Prime Minister Gamal Abdel Nasser (who had seized power from a doddering Egyptian monarchy in 1952), viewed Israel with ambivalence. Nasser had his problems at home, and he knew that he could not defeat Israel militarily. In 1953 he sanctioned secret contacts between his representatives and Israeli officials. The Egyptian demands were not earth-shattering: The Egyptians asked for some minor territorial adjustments along the Sinai-Gaza-Israeli border. They asked for compensation for not repatriation of Palestinian refugees. (Nasser later did waffle on the repatriation issue.) They said that they needed a land-link through the southern Negev to Jordan. The Israelis said, in effect, We can talk about these points if the Arab boycott were to be lifted. Nasser: Lets talk.

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May 17, 2014   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

Lavon Affair | The survival encyclopedia

“Name” Mossad “was tainted shame operations, poorly conceived, poorly equipped and poorly implemented.” It’s sad all the recognition we read the same book, Dennis Eisenberg, Uri Dan, and Eli Landau, and it applies to one of the most scandalous failure of Israeli intelligence services in the Middle East namely, in Egypt. The literature on these services, the scandal in question is called “fraud Lavon” named Pinhas Lavon, the former defense minister of Israel from 1952 to 1954 and one of the leaders of the ruling Mapai. However, it can be assumed that the pin-Khas Lavon was elected rulers of the Zionist state to be the “scapegoat” after Egypt failed big espionage and terrorist group established there by Israeli intelligence services, which led to the biggest scandal in Israel itself, so and in the international arena. The thing is. that in the early years of Israel’s existence its rulers have decided to establish in Egypt, which they then regarded as their main enemy, the powerful spy organization, based on Egyptian Jews, and especially their paramilitary “self-defense”. This was combined with the organization of a mass exodus from Egypt, about 300,000 Jews an operation code-named “Goshen” (as Egypt was known at the time of the Biblical Moses). A Sami Azzaro, studied less student, created the money “Jewish donators” travel agency “Grunberg”, whose headquarters is in Cairo, and a branch in Alexandria. Azzaro and his associates did not stint on cost, organizing departure from Egypt Jews wishing (or coerced Azzaro agents) to go “on a journey”, which is usually complete in Israel. Available Azzaro was a lot of English, French, Italian and other passports for the needs of “travelers”, and these passports, and not fake. Their “left” Azzaro “sympathetic” citizens of Western European countries, the tourists who came to Egypt, and apparently “lost” their papers there. However, it can be assumed that the forms of such passports sent from the countries of Israeli intelligence agents penetrated the administrative and intelligence agencies of Western European countries. One way or another travel agency was a front for the Israeli agents and used it most broadly. Once in July 1952 in Egypt overthrew King Farouk and power eventually came young officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser, the rulers of Israel decided to further strengthen its agency on Egyptian soil by sending “highly trained professionals.” However, in 1951, in Alexandria, there was a certain John Darling, an Englishman with features Yemenis. In fact, it was a career employee of the Israeli Military Intelligence Abraham Dar, whose task was to create a network in Egypt’s military agents. The then chief of AMAN Colonel Benjamin Givli sent him to help Emile Vitbeynu, German, supplying leg prostheses for disabled Egyptian army and conquer the location, some high-ranking Egyptian military. Under the name of Emile Vitbeyna hiding a Captain Max Bennett, who was considered one of the best agents “Mossad.” Born in Poland, Max Bennett emigrated in his time in Mandatory Palestine and as a teenager joined the squads “Haganah.” Then he served in the British Army, and finally was sent to England for special training for the role, “the Englishman.” It is possible that Max Bennett this Israeli spy was there, present, however his name was deliberately somewhere “lost.” In any case, he acquired British citizenship and married an Englishwoman. Max Bennett served as the most important missions “Mossad” in Iran and Iraq, and, after the failed and miraculously fell into the hands of the Iraqi Intelligence Service, fled to Germany, where he became Emil Vitbeynom. John Darling and Emil Vitbeyn recruited in Egypt a group of agents, which are then transferred to Israel for a three-month training. After the return of these agents worked so “successful” for a year, he repeatedly received from their bosses in Israel congratulations and encouragement. They are something, and it was decided to use in the operation, which is known in the press as the “Lavon scam.” The rulers of Tel Aviv were concerned at the time because, as they thought, London and Washington to start its Middle Eastern plans focus more on Cairo than in Tel Aviv. It looked like a mortal danger to the growth of Israel’s existence. It was then that came to light sentence incite the British and the Americans in Egypt. This proposal was put forward by the Minister of Defense Pin hasom Lavon and developed Moshe Dann, who was then Chief of Staff “IDF” (“IDF”) and Colonel Benjamin Givli, chief of AMAN. The group’s task Bennett Darling Azzaro was simple: to make several spectacular sabotage operations against (as they say) the English and Americans * Rican “interests”, that is, explosions, fires, strikes and riots, so much so that in all this suspicion would have fallen the Egyptians. London and Washington would be forced to defend its citizens and to “restore order” in Egypt, and the British troops would leave the Suez Canal zone, from which they were preparing to evacuate * and would remain on Egyptian territory.

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Israel – Lavon Affair – Muskingum University

The so-called Lavon Affair had its roots in an Israeli operation, codenamed SHOSHANA, which began in 1951. The Israelis established a network inside Egypt with the capability of attacking civil and military installations. In 1954, as pressure mounted for the British and French to turn over the Suez Canal to the Egyptians, the network — under the leadership of Avri El-Ad — launched a series of attacks designed to discredit the Egyptian government. Targets included the USIS libraries in Cairo and Alexandria. A failed attack in Alexandria led to the rolling up of the network. The question quickly became one of, “Who authorized the attacks on U.S. installations?” Despite denying that the order was his, Defense Minister Pinchas Lavon was forced to resign. For a brief review of this episode, see Richelson, A Century of Spies (1995), pp. 250-251. Bar-Joseph, Uri. Intelligence Intervention in the Politics of Democratic States: The United States, Israel, and Britain. University Park, PA: Penn State Press, 1995. Clark comment: Bar-Joseph analyzes four case studies of what he designates “intelligence intervention” in politics: the 1961 Bay of Pigs episode; the 1954 Israeli “Unfortunate Business” or “Lavon Affair”; and the 1920 “Henry Wilson” and 1924 “Zinoviev Letter” affairs in Britain. The author’s comparative approach may prove to be heavy going for the casual reader, but the politicization issue is certainly one that deserves serious study. However, as Brody, PSQ 111.3, observes, the intervention in the Lavon and Wilson affairs was at least arguably “as much by the military as by intelligence.” According to Wirtz, APSR 90.1, the “tension created by th[e] effort to offer timely estimates while overcoming incentives to pander to policymakers … serves as a point of departure for Uri Bar-Joseph’s comparative study.” He “is especially interested in situations in which intelligence agencies spiral out of control and undertake unauthorized activities that overstep policy bounds.” The book’s “potential contribution … to developing a theory of civil-intelligence relations, however, is limited by several shortcomings in execution and conception.” Nevertheless, this “ambitious book … does a fine job in identifying several factors which affect the willingness and ability of intelligence officials to place their preferences into the policy arena.” Warren, Surveillant 4.3, declares that “this book is mandatory reading” for serious students of intelligence: “Bar-Joseph sets the stage historically and then fits his argument onto the stage with logic and even wit.” Writing in the CIRA Newsletter, Fall 1996, Warren adds that this is “an important contribution to the continuing dialogue on the politicization of intelligence and intelligence organizations.” Stafford, I&NS 11.2, judges the book to be “impressively researched and written.” The work “is most likely to provoke discussion through its argument that at the root of the abuses [the author] describes lies insufficient separation between intelligence and politics.” For Clutterbuck, Political Studies 44.4, Bar-Joseph “gives an excellent analysis of how these abuses of power occurred and argues that a high degree of professionalism in the intelligence services is as important as effective political control in preventing them.” Friedman, Parameters, Summer 1997, finds that “Intelligence Intervention is presented in a detailed but often humorous manner that makes for an entertaining as well as an educational experience.” El-Ad, Avri, with James Creech, III. Decline of Honor. Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1976. Pforzheimer notes that “the failure and exposure of the [Lavon] operation created government crises in Israel for some years.” According to Constantinides, El-Ad certainly “has [the] credentials to speak on the case,” but his “partisan and emotional involvement” make deferral of judgment wise. Golan, Aviezer. Operation SUSANNAH: As Told by Marcelle Ninio, Victor Levy, Robert Dassa and Philip Nathanson. New York: Harper & Row, 1978. Constantinides notes that “[m]ost of this book is devoted to the prison experiences of the net’s members,” but there are about 100 pages of discussion of the operation. He finds that “[m]any things about this version … are unsatisfactory.” The author gives little attention to the issue of who ordered the operation.

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The Lavon Affair | Israeli False Flag Attacks Against USA & Others – Video




The Lavon Affair | Israeli False Flag Attacks Against USA Others 9/11 Was Just Another Treacherous Attack In An Ongoing Series of False Flags Against Americans Carried Out by the Israelis . . By: His Weapons O War

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Holocaust History Project YouTube2 – Video




Holocaust History Project YouTube2 Jim Rizoli Ukraine Poland 1939 Eustace Mullins Anthony Lawson Faurisson Ernst Zundel Crimea Putin Pussy Riot Ezra Pound shrunken heads, nuremberg trial, Albe… By: outlandishweathermus

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Debating the Holocaust YouTube – Video




Debating the Holocaust YouTube Ukraine Poland 1939 Eustace Mullins Anthony Lawson Faurisson Ernst Zundel Crimea Putin Pussy Riot Ezra Pound shrunken heads, nuremberg trial, Albert Einstein… By: outlandishweathermus

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The Lavon Affair Jewish Terror – Video




The Lavon Affair Jewish Terror The Lavon Affair Jewish Terror. By: JohnDoe Backup

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PROPHECY ALERT Archaeologists Find King David s Palace – Video




PROPHECY ALERT Archaeologists Find King David s Palace More at : https://www.youtube.com/user/WayToWor… Bolshevism, Gaza, Genocide, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jew World Order, Jews, Libya, Max Igan, middle east, Neocons, Palestine, Syria, USA, War,… By: Ray Davies

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