Archive for the ‘Lavon Affair’ Category

Has SSPX Reconciled With Rome? – Church Militant

ROME (ChurchMilitant.com) – Does Rome’s recent announcement that priests from the Society of St. Pius X (SSPX) have been granted special faculties to validly witness marriages when diocesan priests aren’t available mean the SSPX is now reconciled with Rome?

The Vatican indicated in its announcement Tuesday that the SSPX isn’t reconciled with the Church. The letter from the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Deibegan,”As you are aware for some time, various meetings and other initiatives have been ongoing in order to bring the Society of St. Pius X into full communion.”

It ends the letter by saying that granting the faculty for SSPX priests to witness marriages in special circumstances will help facilitate “the process towards full institutional regularization.”

The larger problem is what Pope Benedict XVI laid outin 2009, after he lifted the excommunications of the four SSPX bishops ordained by Abp. Marcel Lefebvre, the founder of the community.

Pope Benedict writes:

The fact that the Society of Saint Pius X does not possess a canonical status in the Church is not, in the end, based on disciplinary but on doctrinal reasons. … In order to make this clear once again: Until the doctrinal questions are clarified, the Society has no canonical status in the Church, and its ministers even though they have been freed of the ecclesiastical penalty do not legitimately exercise any ministry in the Church. … In light of this situation, it is my intention henceforth to join the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei the body which has been competent since 1988 for those communities and persons who, coming from the Society of Saint Pius X or from similar groups, wish to return to full communion with the Pope to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. This will make it clear that the problems now to be addressed are essentially doctrinal in nature and concern primarily the acceptance of the Second Vatican Council and the post-conciliar magisterium of the Popes. … The Church’s teaching authority cannot be frozen in the year 1962 this must be quite clear to the Society. (emphasis added)

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April 10, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

List of Hart of Dixie episodes – Wikipedia

Hart of Dixie is an American television comedy-drama created by Leila Gerstein for The CW, with executive producers Gerstein, Josh Schwartz, Stephanie Savage, Jason Ensler, and Len Goldstein.[1] The series first airs Monday nights at 9:00p.m. as a lead-out to Gossip Girl.[1] The series stars Rachel Bilson as Dr. Zoe Hart, who aspires to be like her father and become a cardio-thoracic surgeon. After four years of residency at New York Hospital, Zoe does not get a fellowship and takes up an offer to move south to work in a small medical practice. On April 26, 2013, The CW renewed Hart of Dixie for a third season.[2]

During the first season of the series ‘&’ was formatted into the episode titles with a play on words or alliteration. The only episodes not to feature this were “Pilot”, “Hell’s Belles”, “Heart to Hart”, and “The Big Day”. Seasons 2 and 3 use country music songs as titles of the episodes, such as the season 3 episode 16 “Carrying Your Love with Me” by George Strait.

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April 3, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

Growing divisions, war threats loom over EU summit in Rome – World Socialist Web Site

By Alex Lantier 27 March 2017

On Saturday, European Union (EU) heads of state met in Rome, celebrating 60 years of the 1957 Treaty of Rome that founded the European Economic Community, in an exercise designed to highlight the continuing unity of continental Europe despite Britains vote to leave the EU last June.

In the event, the summit highlighted instead the growing international conflicts and class tensions that are tearing the EU apart. The 60th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome could very well be its last. Amid growing concerns that France could elect a neo-fascist president in May and then leave both the EU and the euro currency, leading European officials of all political stripes pointed to the rising danger of war and collapse of Europe. Nonetheless, none of the EU leaders can formulate a clear plan to avoid plunging into the abyss.

Thousands of Italian troops put central Rome on lock-down over the weekend amid official fears of mass protests against the EU, whose austerity policies have devastated Italy. Moreover, differences between EU, Polish, and Greek officials forced EU officials to water down the final communiqu, to avoid the humiliation of having it repudiated by EU member states.

Polands far-right Law and Justice (PiS) government opposed references to the formation of a two-speed Europe, split between wealthier countries and a periphery of southern or eastern states. The EU has threatened to suspend Polands EU voting rights over the PiS attempts to emasculate the judiciary, amid a bitter struggle for influence between Berlin, London and Washington in Poland. The PiS apparently feared calls for a two-speed EU would be used to marginalize it.

The Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza) government in Greece briefly demanded that the draft communiqu contain provisions on social rights and on handing back power to national parliaments. This was apparently a temporary tactic by Syriza, which faces strikes of port and public sector workers against it in Greece, as well as EU threats to withhold loans to Greece unless it accelerates its austerity measures against the population.

In the event, the communiqu that was adopted epitomized the EUs response to Brexit: the EU is trying to survive as a coalition of nationalist, anti-immigrant regimes held together by aspirations to become an aggressive military bloc rivaling the United States.

On military policy, it called for a stronger Europe, creating a more competitive and integrated defence industry and strengthening [the EUs] common security and defence. It also called for continuing EU anti-immigrant policieswhich have seen thousands drown in the Mediterranean, as millions flee imperialist wars in Africa and the Middle Eastso that EU external borders are secured, with an efficient, responsible and sustainable migration policy.

Perhaps most significantly, the EU signaled that it would move away from trying to secure unanimous agreement on policy among EU member states. While the formal endorsement of a two-speed Europe arrangement was eliminated at Polands insistence, it was replaced with a vague proposal to act together, at different paces and intensity where necessary, while moving in the same direction.

However euphemistically formulated, the adoption of a two-speed Europe policy marks a major step in the disintegration of the EU, with vast and unforeseeable implications.

The limited post-World War II integration of capitalist Europe was the European bourgeoisies response to fascism and two world wars that had claimed tens of millions of lives, leveled much of the continent, and discredited capitalism in Europe. Prosperity from increased trade within Europe was intended to fend off the political challenge posed in the working class by communism, exemplified in the continued existence of the USSR. At the same time, the bourgeoisie saw the pursuit of a united European policy, financed with US aid, as critical to avoiding new wars in Europe.

The preamble to the 1957 Treaty of Rome signed by Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg reflects this long-abandoned strategy. Calling for ever closer union among the peoples of Europe, it pledges to ensure the economic and social progress … by common action to eliminate the barriers which divide Europe and the constant improvement of the living and working conditions of European people.

Since the dissolution of the USSR in 1991 and the EUs establishment in 1992 in the Maastricht Treaty, the EU has repudiated these conceptions. The NATO wars in the Balkans in the 1990s and above all the latest war drive against Russia, after the announcement of German re-militarization in 2014, went hand with accelerating austerity measures targeting basic social rights won by the working class in previous decades of struggle.

These took the sharpest form in Western Europe with EU austerity measures imposed after the 2008 Wall Street crash that devastated Greece and led to threats to expel Greece from the euro zone.

Deep political shocks are exposing the underlying bankruptcy of the EU and the unviability of attempts to unify Europe on a capitalist basis. With Brexit and the coming to power in Washington of the Trump administration, which has denounced the EU as a tool of German domination, the crisis of the EU has reached a new level of intensity. Even those sections of the European still defending the EU now aim to divide Europe in order to sideline, or even expel from the EU, those European countries that they see as an obstacle to their plans for war and austerity.

Significantly, while figures from all sides are warning of war, no one is trying to articulate a policy to maintain European unity and halt the rapid drive towards war. Instead, the gloomiest predictions prevail. Last week, pro-EU French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron predicted an era of war and pledged to bring back the draft in France, before enthusiastically endorsing a two-speed Europe proposal and declaring his alignment on Berlin.

Several EU heads of state met prior to the summit with Pope Francis, who declared that Europe faces a vacuum of values. When a body loses its sense of direction and is no longer able to look ahead, it experiences a regression and, in the long run, risks dying.

Prior to the summit, EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker gave an interview to the Financial Times of London to denounce the Trump administration and warn of war in the Balkans. He called Trumps support for Brexit and Trumps calls for other countries to leave the EU in order to escape German domination annoying and surprising.

I told the [US] vice-president [Mike Pence], Do not say that, do not invite others to leave, because if the European Union collapses, you will have a new war in the western Balkans, Juncker said. He added that the prospect of EU membership was one of the few elements preventing a new war in the Balkans: If we leave them aloneBosnia Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Macedonia, Albania, all those countrieswe will have war again.

In the UK, leading pro-EU Conservative Michael Heseltine issued a denunciation of Brexit, warning that it would only pave the way for German domination of Europe.

Heseltine said, Our ability to speak for the Commonwealth within Europe has come to an end. The Americans will shift their focus of interest to Germany. And if I can put it to you, for someone like myself, it was in 1933, the year of my birth, that Hitler was democratically elected in Germany. He unleashed the most horrendous war. This country played a unique role in securing his defeat. So Germany lost the war. Weve just handed them the opportunity to win the peace. I find that quite unacceptable.

The UK Independence Party asked if Heseltine had lost his marbles and called his statements extraordinary. If I was German I would be deeply offended, a UKIP official said. I never realised the purpose of Britains membership of the EU was to stop German domination of Europe.

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April 1, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

London Terrorist Attack: Westminster’s Jihadis Come Home – Center for Research on Globalization

One year to the day after the Brussels terrorist attacks, a terrorist drove a car into Westminster parliament buildings killing four people and wounding several others. The British public are in shock.

Westminster is considered to be a monument to British democracy. The date 3/22 will be remembered among those who mourn over the skulls and bones of loved ones lost to terrorism.

Today, many of those mourners are in Syria. Just a few hours earlier, 50 destitute families staying at the al Badiya Dakhilya school in the village of Mansoura on the outskirts of Raqqa, were blown to pieces after an air strike by the international coalition. The Pentagon said it would investigate the atrocity.

The British Government and its Western partners were silent. Thirty-three people were murdered.

The United Nations the international arm of US imperialism- was mute. The Syrian government asked them why. No answer was given.

On the same day, Al Nusra terrorists entered the village of Majdal, Northwest of Hama. Several women and children were reportedly killed. There are not enough reporters in Syria to cover all the atrocities committed almost every day by psychopathic killers the Western media calls moderate rebels.

Britains jihad in Syria

In 2009, former French Foreign Minister, Roland Dumas attended a meeting in London with British government officials. They told him they were planning to send Jihadi terrorists into Syria to take over the country. It was part of Britains contribution to the Greater Israel project.

Israels quest for Middle East supremacy was outlined in a policy paper written by Israeli official Oded Yinon in 1982. The Yinon Plan involved fomenting civil war in Arab and Muslim countries in order to establish Israeli suzerainty over all its hostile neighbours. Like its partners in France and the United States, the British government is a whore of Israel.

Westminster was finalising a grand strategy for the Middle East which would combine people-power uprisings and covert snipers, followed by Takfiri terrorism. The US grand strategy for the Middle East was announced by former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in 2005 in her speech before the American Israeli Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), where she proudly proclaimed that President George W. Bush had a new policy for the Middle East and North Africa.

The US launched an unprecedented international venue for reform, by training activists in social media and regime change tactics. The Centre for Non-Violent Actions and Strategies (CANVAS), Albert Einstein Institute, National Endowment for Democracy, International Republican Institute, Freedom House, Facebook, and many other CIA-affiliated US agencies brought about what came to be known as the Arab Spring. The American/Israeli plan for a New Middle East was fully backed by mostsoi-disantanti-imperialists, who couldnt resist the romance and fantasy of revolution and Marxists waxed lyrical with the masses make history.

The consensus among the anti-war left that the Arab Spring was spontaneous and popular meant that NATO was able to carpet bomb Libya for 8 months, making the bombing look like a humanitarian intervention. Hundreds of thousands of civilians would perish. When Libya was destroyed, Syria was next on NATOs target list. For 6 years this month, the Syrian Arab Republic has been fighting a war of national liberation from the international horde of Takfiri terrorists that British government officials were training in 2009 for deployment to the country.

The attacks on Westminster come at a time when Britain is set to get tough on immigration. Though Brexit holds out the possibility of economic and democratic progress in Britain and immigration needs to be controlled and planned reactionary forces and news outlets are increasingly pointing the finger at Muslims and Islam as the root of Britains problems. A similar process is taking hold in the United States and throughout the European Union.

Zionist terrorism

Since the Zionist false flag bombing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem on the 22nd of July 1946, the Lavon Affair of 1954, the 911 attacks, the Brevik Massacre, and many others, Zionism has boldly carried out terrorist attacks and blamed them on Muslims or far right groups. The war on terror is a Zionist construct which is designed to goad the Western public into supporting foreign wars on behalf of Israeli interests, where recruits from Israels Gulf State partners are used as pawns and patsies in the infernal narrative of the clash of civilisations.

Today the terrorism or its simulacrum has struck Westminster. The script is typed on a well-worn palimpsest with exotic Arab names parroted in the non-stop media hysteria. Not until the public realises that the terrorists are, and always have been, inside the corridors of Westminster an edifice that attests to the dictatorship of a decadent oligarchy over the toiling masses will the reign of terror come to an end.

Gearid Colmin is an Irish journalist and political analyst based in Paris. His work focuses on globalisation, geopolitics and class struggle.

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March 28, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

The Lavon Affair – Commentary Magazine

Any professional intelligence officer would attest that the Bond movies were a highly distorted, cartoonish portrayal of the real world of espionage, with their high-speed car chases, exotic weaponry, casual executions, and impossibly sexy women. But the two worlds of espionagethe real one and the cinematic versionactually collided in the person of Joseph Katz, whose name appears nowhere in the Spy Museum.

Katz was one of the more elusive and obscure Americans who worked as a Soviet spy in the 1940sand he played a significant role in the production of several Bond movies. This is the story of Joseph Katzs two lives.

He had been a very busy man. In addition to Bentley, Katz had supervised Tom Black, who did industrial spying, and Harry Gold, who started out as an industrial spy and then became a courier for the Rosenberg spy ring and the atomic spy Klaus Fuchs. Katz had previously handled Robert Menaker and Floyd Miller, who had spied on American Trotskyists (themselves Communists, but enemies of the Stalinist regime in the USSR). It turned out that Katz had personally installed a listening device in the home of James Cannon, the leader of the Trotskyist Socialist Workers Party.1 In 1945 alone, Katz was meeting with Soviet sources Maurice Halperin, Duncan Lee, and Julius Joseph of the Office of Strategic Services (the predecessor to the CIA), Victor Perlo and Harry Magdoff of the War Production Board, and Joseph Gregg of the U.S. State Department. He also met with Charles Kramer, a congressional aide, to sort out complaints about how Perlo was supervising the espionage group he headed. In addition to this punishing schedule, Katz was the chief contact with Bentley and met periodically with Earl Browder and Bernard Schuster, top officials of the Communist Party of the USA. He was so valuable that in 1943 the KGB station chief recommended that he receive a Soviet medal, the Order of the Badge of Honor.

Decades later, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, deciphered KGB cables showed that Katz had at the time owned two companies, Meriden Dental Laboratories, and an import-export firm, Tempus Import Company, both financed by the KGB. He had also operated several parking lots in New York.

The Vassiliev Notebooks, copies of KGB files made by a one-time officer, further revealed that in May 1945, another report mentioned Katzs departure to a commercial fleet. Indeed, there is firm evidenceletters to his brotherindicating that Joseph served in the Merchant Marine during the last half of 1945. He was rejected by the Army for flat feet; volunteering for the Merchant Marine may have been motivated by a desire for some sort of war service or possibly by other personal reasons. He returned to the United States in the late fall of 1945, left the Merchant Marine and resumed his work for the KGB.

Around this time, the KGB had concluded that Bentley had become unreliable, and in late November 1945, the KGB station chief in the United States began to ponder how to assassinate her. His first candidate for the job was Katz, since Bentley trusted and would willingly meet with him. He could drop poison in her wine or present her with a poisoned ladies compact. A riskier option would be to use a duplicate key to enter her room and use a cold steel weapon or stage a suicide. That was dicey since Bentley was a very strong, tall, and healthy woman. In any event, Moscow Center vetoed the idea.

In the end, though, there was little in Bentleys statement to the FBI that was very helpful in identifying Jack. Most of the FBIs efforts were focused on the dozens of spies whose names she had provided. It took three years for the Bureau to come up with a suspect. In 1948, it showed Bentley a picture of Joseph Katz, and she made a positive identification. But while it now had a name and a face, the FBI had no idea where Katz was.

Katz had, in fact, moved to France after Bentleys defection. It was not until early 1950 that interviews with other defectors and witnesses, and the increasing success at decoding Soviet intelligence cables, provided the FBI with a better picture of just how important a KGB operative Katz had been.

To locate him, the Bureau set up a mail cover on his brother, a Yiddish poet living in New York named Menke Katz. Menke regularly received letters from Paris. French intelligence confirmed that Joseph was quietly living at that address, but all indications were that he was not involved in espionage. Under French law, he could not be extradited.

Katz soon vanished again. But the mail cover on his brother led to an address in Haifa, Israel. Robert Lamphere, who had for years directed the Bentley investigation, enlisted the aid of James Angleton, legendary chief of CIA counterintelligence, who had a close relationship with Israeli intelligence. Katz was identifiedagain with no apparent ties to Soviet intelligence. The FBI and CIA hatched a plan to lure him onto an American-registered boat under the guise of a fishing trip, sail into international waters, arrest him, and then transfer to an American vessel. On the trip back to the United States, Lamphere hoped to persuade Katz to cooperate. The plan was aborted after J. Edgar Hoover, angered by some CIA slight, cancelled the operation. Lamphere did manage to have Katz interviewed in Israel, but Katz denied ever having been a Soviet agent.

And there the trail ran cold. But Katz wasnt out of the woods. Decades later, in 1988, an FBI report surfaced from back in the day. The report noted that Aviva Flint, wife of an Israeli official, had been told by Katz that he had been associated with a woman who had gone to the FBI and ratted him out. Katz had also told Mrs. Flint that in 1950 he had been summoned from Paris to Rome, where he had been harshly interrogated by the KGB for three days. That interrogation precipitated his break with Soviet intelligence. This information was likely what led Lamphere to the audacious plan to stage a kidnapping from Israel.

Years after Lamphere left the FBI, he heard from an old friend in the Bureau that Katz was back in the United States visiting his brotheran indication that as late as the mid-1980s, Katz was still being watched and monitored. Lamphere telephoned and spoke to Katz; he was writing a book, he said, and Katz was in it. A surprised Katz had little to say to Lamphere, but did respond that perhaps he, Katz, should also write a book.

In fact, he did. Letters to My Brother, published in 1998 by a small press in upstate New York, consisted of dozens of letters Katz had written between 1943 and 1986 to his older brother, Menke. None makes any mention of espionage, and Joseph never explicitly mentions membership in the American Communist Party. He is described instead as an idealist who dreamed of eradicating social wrongs in the world. But all of the details of his life match what is known of the KGB agent Joseph Katz. And a website devoted to Menke Katz maintained by his son Dovid includes the latters admission that Yeiske (Joe) became a revolutionary and worked in one of the most clandestine branches of the American Communist movement.

Both Menke and Yeiske were born in Lithuania, the latter in 1913. Their father immigrated to America that same year. Their mother and the four surviving children followed in 1920, settling in Passaic, New Jersey. When his father was naturalized in 1925, Joseph became an American citizen, and he and the rest of the family legally changed their names in 1928 from Chait, which his father had used, to the ancestral Katz. Menke devoted his life to poetry. Their younger brother Edward (known as Meishke) began in a menial job and rose to the presidency of the Amalgamated Bank of New York. Joseph studied engineering at Cooper Union but dropped out after one year to become a professional revolutionary. He later worked in or directed a variety of technical and commercial enterprises both to support himself and as cover for his work as a KGB agent.

Menke Katz spent much of his adult life in the uneasy orbit of the Communist Party. He fell in with a group of young Yiddish Communist poets clustered around the Freiheit, the CPUSAs Yiddish-language daily newspaper. His first published poem, however, was denounced by the Partys leading Jewish figure, Mossaiye Olgin, for mysticism, and after his first book of poems appeared, he was expelled from Proletpen, the avatar of socialist realism, after it was denounced as an example of rottenness and degeneracy. But he was rehabilitated later when Olgin praised his newest work at a rally and called his brother Yeiske/Joseph up to the platform to share his brothers plaudits. Menkes up-and-down ride with Communist literary strictures got him into trouble again in the late 1930s, but he resolutely refused to transfer his allegiance to the Forward, the democratic Socialist Yiddish paper: You dont want to spit in the well you drank from all those years, Menke said.

Although Menke at first supported himself as a watchmaker, by the 1930s he was teaching Yiddish in the Communist-controlled cultural movement, an economic dependence that no doubt contributed to his willingness to remain in the partys orbit. Not until after the 1952 murder of prominent Soviet Yiddish writers by Stalin did Menke revolt, storming into the Freiheit office to yell at its editor and publishing a poem, not in the socialist Forward but in the religious and pro-Zionist Morn-zhurnal. His defiance cost him most of his close friends but aligned him politically with his brother, who by this time had also broken with the Communist movement.

Joseph had joined the CPUSA in 1932 while still in college. His route into the Party probably came through his girlfriend, Bessie Bogorad, also a young Communist activist who had grown up in Passaic. The couple got married in Los Angeles in 1936 and the following year Joseph was recruited by Soviet intelligence. Information about why he was in Los Angeles or what he did between 1932 and the late 1930s remains buried in American and Soviet intelligence files. (His FBI file has never been released.) One of his nephews, DavidMeishkes son, now a professor at Tel Aviv Universityheard Joseph tell stories of working among blacks in the American South for some of that period. He also told David that for years he was responsible for laundering money for Soviet intelligence, using the businesses they had set up for him. He had a knack for running things; his enterprises did well.

What is clear is that his abilities and skills led to his acquiring more and more responsibilities and being entrusted with more sensitive assignments over the years. By the time of Bentleys defection, Katz had become one of the KGBs most trusted and important agent-handlers in the United States. The chief of FBI counterintelligence later judged that Joseph Katzs importance as a Soviet agent in the U.S. cannot be overestimated.

As a security measure, the KGB suspended contact with him in late 1945, after Bentleys defection, but it soon decided that it was too risky to leave him in the United States. Unlike most of Bentleys government contacts, who were well known and could not easily disappear, Katz was known only to the FBI as Bentleys Jack. If he was ever caught, dozens of Soviet spies would be in peril. Consequently, by June 1946 the KGB had relocated Katz to Paris, where he continued his espionage work.

Between 1946 and 1949 Joseph wrote letters to Menke from Paris, Rome, Milan, Belgium, the Swiss Alps, and the Pyrenees. Nothing in them carries a hint of what he was doing. But a document in KGB files from December 1948 indicates that he was in Italy at that time, forming a company on our instructions to cover the illegal courier line between Europe and the USA.

Defectors from Communism have often spoken of a Kronstadt2 momentthe event that finally shatters illusions and precipitates a break with the cause to which they have devoted their lives. Stalinist paranoia had several times led to sweeping internal KGB purges. As Stalins anti-Semitic campaign gathered strength in the late 1940s and early 1950s, KGB officers with a Jewish background were shunted aside, demoted, or discharged, and foreign Jewish agents like Katz came under suspicion. As weve seen, Katz had told his Israeli contact Aviva Flint that suspicion about him in 1950 had ended his nearly two decades of revolutionary commitment. His letters that year are guarded but deeply revealing to anyone aware of his history.

One letter from 1950 hints at a recent traumatic eventprobably his interrogation by the KGB and his fear that he would be liquidated. I shall never forget the last few days, he wrote. The kind of things that happened would seem unreal in the worst pulp magazine story. I feel as though everything is unreal and out of focus. He told Menke that a few nights ago I was up all night preparing what I thought may be my last letter to his daughter, Paula.

In October, he lamented the choice he had made in a cautious but nonetheless clear reference to his work for Soviet intelligence: I know now the exact time and the exact chance happening to me that set me on a road from which there is no return. I think now that I had a feeling, a foreboding even then that I was starting on the wrong path, but once begun there was no turning back. I was never sure of what I was doing, but the element of adventure, the desire to impress and feel important overcame the doubts I had. He had, finally, come to the realization that my life up to now, all I believed and worked for, is a fraud and a lie.

He dropped hints that he feared for his life: When you ask me again and again where I will be, I cannot tell you. I am not sure about anything. When you ask such questions of me, it is clear that you do not understand my situation, and it isnt possible for me to make it any clearer. You must forgive my nervousness. Things are not good. He reported seeing himself on a deserted street in a strange city and [I] am a little afraid. Either to evade the KGB or, because he was spooked by the inquiries from French counterintelligence, he took a four-month vacation in the Basque country, writing that how I came here is a long story, but adding that there was a legend that Jews escaping the Inquisition found refuge in the Pyrenees.

Hiding from both the KGB and the FBI, Joseph disappeared again in 1951 before turning up in Israel by early November. He wrote Menke: Who was it that said, There is nothing sadder than a disillusioned revolutionary? He was filled with regret: I am sure that in our dreams of creating a better world we did wrong thingsand hurt those we lovedbut not because we were badwe hurt ourselves even more. He bitterly noted that we tried to spread beauty and truth, but it remained manure, and the flower does not grow.

David Katz later learned from his uncle that Israeli authorities had been suspicious of his bona fides when he arrived; during his first year he was questioned extensively about his Communist allegiance. He never discussed exactly what he told those in intelligence about his espionage activities, but managed to convince them that he had irreparably broken with his past. Exactly how forthcoming he was remains a secret in the archives of Israeli intelligence.

He may have abandoned Communism, but Joseph remained a committed socialist. He established close ties with Menachem Bader, an important figure in Mapam, the pro-Soviet Zionist political party that tried to blend Marxism and Jewish nationalism. In 1953, Mapam faced an existential crisis when one of its leaders, Mordechai Oren, was arrested on a trip to Czechoslovakia and forced to testify against 14 leaders of the Czech Communist Party. Under torture, he falsely confessed to being a British and Zionist spy and implicated the defendants, most of whom were Jewish, as his agents. Eleven of them were hanged, including Party leader Rudolf Slansky. Joseph wrote his brother that he was convinced the trial was a frame-up: In the end our dreams turned to nightmares. He became increasingly anti-Communist and more fervently Zionist. Better a Jewish state without socialism than socialism without a Jewish state, he wrote to Menke. He also remarked that Israeli forces should have conquered Cairo in the 1956 war to force the Egyptians to make peace, and he denounced the Russian fascists who had destroyed the Hungarian Revolution.

He worked with Kibbutz Artzi, a federation of left-wing Mapam settlements, helping individual collective farms with engineering projects. He began to do part-time work for the Ministry of Development and travelled to Europe to inspect equipment being considered for purchase. He spent a year or two in Africa with Solel Boneh, a government-owned construction firm, helping to build the Entebbe Airport in Uganda. (In 1976, the Israeli raid to free Jewish hostages was facilitated by the companys possession of the original blueprints, which helped the military plan the operation precisely.)

Joseph also remarried. He and his first wife, Bessie, had had a daughter, Paula, born in 1941. By 1945 they were estranged and Katz was living with a woman named Eva Getzoff. In March, Moscow reluctantly agreed to allow Getzoff to be used as a courier for Katz but worried that since he lived with her, there could be potential complications with his wife. Not long after this message, Katz signed up with the Merchant Marine; perhaps he was escaping a difficult love triangle.

When Joseph left for Europe in 1946, Eva Getzoff remained in the United States. Joseph must have had a reconciliation with Bessie, because in 1949 he informed Menke that Bessie and Paula had just departed from the home they shared with him in Paris for America. He and Bessie either divorced or he became a widower in the 1950s after she died of cancer, and Eva became his second wife. The shadow of their past never completely disappeared. In 1961, when the FBI arrested the spy Robert Soblen, it named Eva Getzoff as an unindicted co-conspirator. Neither Joseph nor Eva ever talked publicly about their pasts or cooperated with American intelligence.

In the 1960s, Joseph went to work for a film-equipment company and received patents in fiber optics, film lighting techniques, and the development and installation of double filament lighting and automated grid systems. His expertise in lighting and film techniques led to his employment by Berkey Photos, a British company, as its managing director. He moved to London in 1966. Berkey wanted to send him to the United States on company business, and Joseph, who had renounced his American citizenship shortly after arriving in Israel, feared he would be arrested. So he switched jobsand, improbably, helped make films that glamorized and fantasized the world of espionage that he had abandoned.

Despite his service as a technical adviser, Joseph was not listed in any of the credits of the Bond movies. David surmised that he was afraid of being too prominent, perhaps fearing the long arm of the KGB. While the KGB might have lost track of him, the FBI did not, as he knew. Fear of being arrested kept Katz out of the United States for decades. As the years went by, he began to take some risks. Around 1968, he came to America with an entourage that included Saltzman and Sean Connery and managed to avoid attention. Then, in September 1974, a grand family reunion was planned at Meishkes Great Neck home. David Katz was assigned to pick Joseph up at Kennedy Airport. He walked out of Customs and was immediately surrounded by FBI agents who took him into custody. He was eventually released, but Joseph was required to attend several meetings in a room at the Plaza Hotel where he was questioned. He refused to provide any information and, after the last interrogation, hired a car and left for Canada. His youngest brother, Meishke, later employed a law firm that succeeded in reinstating Josephs citizenship and his passport.

Menke and other family members knew the outlines of Josephs involvement in Soviet espionage. He had in fact occasionally spoken of it but mimimized the extent and significance of his activities. When Lampheres book The FBI-KGB War appeared in 1986, with its depiction of Joseph as an important Soviet spy, he told them that it was an exaggeration.

Although he always insisted to family members that he had never acted against American interests, but had primarily spied on Trotskyists and other Communist dissidents, he was more forthcoming to David just a few years before his death. David had shown Joseph a 1999 article in an obscure academic journal on intelligence. Written by Earl Hyde, a retired CIA agent, it was entitled Bernard Schuster and Joseph Katz: KGB Master Spies in the United States. The article praised Katzs versatility, which included skills such as safecracking, lock-picking, electronic bugging, and jujitsu, as well as being a crack shot, and it speculated that he was recruited as a young man and trained in the USSR. The article, Joseph told his nephew, was 100 percent accurate, except for the claim he had trained in the Soviet Union; he had learned his tradecraft in San Jose, California.

His business success had left Joseph a moderately wealthy man. He drove a Bentley. He lived in an expensive flat in London. In Israel he owned homes in Safed and an exclusive area of Tel Aviv. When he visited Lithuania after it became independent, staying for weeks in the most expensive hotel in Vilnius, he fell in love with a woman teaching at the university and wound up buying her an apartment. He was in his eighties; she was four decades younger than him. Eva suffered a fall, broke her hip, and died in 1993. Joseph hired a Ukrainian immigrant to take care of him and soon convinced himself that she was in love with him.

As his health declined he became more reliant on his Ukranian caregiver and on Danny Margalit, an Israeli contractor, whom he treated as a surrogate son. Margalit and his wife cooked meals for him, visited him often, and accompanied him on vacations. When Katz died in 2004 in Israel at the age of 92, he left his estate, worth about $3 million, to Margalit and the Ukrainian woman.

Joseph Katz devoted nearly 20 years of his long life to laboring in the clandestine world of Soviet intelligence. Abandoning both Communism and espionage before he was 40, he became a fervent Zionist and a successful businessman who collaborated in the portrayal of one of the iconic fictional figures of espionage. If he ever marveled at the disparity between the real life of a spy that he had once lived and the derring-do of James Bond, living a life of luxury, casually fending off super-villains with high-tech gadgets and bedding a series of glamorous women, he kept it to himself.

He looked nothing like the handsome leading men who played James Bond, but Katz was remarkably charismatic and remarkably manipulative. During his espionage career, he successfully directed dozens of American agents and sources and satisfied demanding Soviet superiors. He ran successful cover businesses that produced a steady stream of money to finance espionage operations. He was also cantankerous, moody, and volcanic, regularly picking quarrels with family members and breaking contact with them over perceived slights. He cheated on both his wives and left nothing in his will to his only daughter. Born in poverty, he died a wealthy man. Few members of his own family missed him, even though they were fascinated by him. David recalled lots of assholic qualities. Dovid found him unbearable.

In the Bond movie Octopussy, released in 1983, a villain sneers, You seem to have this nasty habit of surviving, to which Bond responds, You know what they say about the fittest. Joseph Katz navigated a remarkable journey. And even though he lived to tell the tale, he went to his grave without doing so.

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The Lavon Affair – Commentary Magazine

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Timeline of Modern Israel (1950-1959) – Jewish Virtual Library

As American Jews move to the suburbs, they build new synagogues. Joining a synagogue becomes the chief expression of Jewish identity. In 1930, a mere 20 percent of American Jewish families belong to a synagogue; by 1960, nearly 60 percent do.

January 16

January 23

April 4

April 24

April 28

May 25

June 17

July 5

November 14

May 19

April 12

May 18

July 20

July 30

September 1

September 13

September 28

October 7

November 21

December 24

January 1

January 7

January 9

May 13

July 23

July 28

August 11

August 12-13

August 18

September 10

November 9

December 8

February 12

May 13

June 7

June 9

June 11

July 20

August

August 19

September 2

October 15

October 20-28

December 7

January 1

January 22

March 17

March 20

April 17

Summer

September 28

October 6

January 2

February 17

February 21

February 24

February 28

March 24

One young woman killed and 18 wounded when terrorists threw hand grenades and opened fire on a crowded wedding celebration in Patish

April

May

June 22

July 26

July 27

September 27

October 11

October 18

October 20

November 2

December 6

December 26

January 18

January 25

March 12

April

UN Secretary General tours Middle East in an effort to reestablish armistice. Cease-fire achieved between Israel and Egypt on 19 April and with Jordan on 26 April

April 7

April 11

April 29

May 6

May 9

May 31

May-October

June 24

July 20

July 26

September 12

September 23

September 24

October 4

October 8

October 9

October 25

October 29

November 2

November 4-5

November 5

November 6

November 7

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Timeline of Modern Israel (1950-1959) – Jewish Virtual Library

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Barnes Barber Shop – Sand Mountain Reporter

There had been a barber shop at 381 Gunter Avenue in Guntersville for 16 years, when Colin Barnes first began cutting hair there in 1964. He purchased the building in 1967, and 50 years later is still going strong.

Now 72-years-old, Colin shares the shop with his son Daren Barnes, Levon Stone and Aaron Stone. Between the four men, they have more than 150 years of experience cutting hair.

And according to Daren, his dad can still cut circles around his younger counterparts.

He can still give a haircut quicker and better than any of us, Daren says respectfully of his father.

But each one of them has had scissors in their hand since they were teenagers.

For Colin, becoming a barber was a way off the roof at D.A.R. school where he was working as a laborer.

Id have done anything that would get me off that roof, Colin says.

And barbering is what came along.

It was 1962 and Colin was just 18-years-old when he began cutting hair in Huntsville.

You could train at a barber shop then go take your test back then, Colin adds, and thats what I did.

But within a couple of years, Colin found his way to what would soon become Barnes Barber shop. The hours were better and it put him closer to his home in Grant.

I still enjoy cutting hair and I can still cut hair good, Colin says. Its a job Ive never dreaded coming to.

And perhaps thats because Colin truly enjoys his customers and having the chance to visit regularly with so many of the friends hes made over the years.

Ive got customers who Ive cut their hair since I came here, Colin says.

But as much as he enjoys visiting with his customers, a real treat for Colin is working beside his son Daren.

Were more than father and son, Colin says. Were best friends.

And youre not likely to meet a man that speaks more highly of his father than Daren Barnes.

Darens career as a barber wasnt preordained. In fact, Colin never pushed Daren toward barbering at all.

I didnt hang out here a lot when I was a kid, Daren says. Daddy has a farm, hes always raised cattle, I was driving a tractor when I was 11-years-old.

But Colin did leave the option on the table for his son.

When you get ready to make a barber, Ill teach you how to cut hair, Daren recalls his father saying.

Daren had been giving free haircuts to friends and neighbors, when at 18, he decided to follow in Colins footsteps.

Colin suggested Daren enroll in the barbering course at Calhoun Community College in Decatur and thats what he did.

After about 6 months, Colin had seen enough and knew Daren had learned all he could from school. The rest of his education would come at his daddys side.

And that gave Daren tremendous confidence as a young man.

Youre going to mess some haircuts up when youre young, Daren says. Daddy could always help me, step in if needed.

And while barbering may seem like a family affair for the Barnes, Levon and Aaron Stone take the notion to a whole other level.

Levon, a second-generation barber has seen barbering spread throughout the limbs of his family tree.

My dad, some of my uncles and some of my cousins are barbers, Levon says. Nieces, nephews all them.

For Levon, cutting hair was all but a foregone conclusion.

When I was 10 or 11-years old I had to go with my daddy and shine shoes, Lavon says. Then when I was 15, he put up a sign in the barber shop that said ‘Free Haircuts’ and thats how I got started cutting hair.

Levon had his own little barber shop in Grant when Colin had a chair open up and approached him about coming to work with him in Guntersville. That was 32-years-ago.

Ill retire a barber, theres no doubt about that, he says. If I do anything after that I may get a job at Walmart ringing that bell. Levon ads with a chuckle and a smile.

And even though it was just two-years-ago when Colin added a fourth chair for Levons nephew Aaron, he was already a seasoned and well experienced barber himself. (As are three of Aarons five siblings.)

But he had known the rest of the Barnes Barber Shop fellas just about his whole life.

I met these guys when I was just a boy, Aaron says.

Following in his father and grandfathers footsteps, Aaron began cutting hair full time when he was about 16. He recalls his mother having to drop him off at his uncle Buddys barber shop for a short period until he got his drivers license.

It took him a good 7 months to teach me, Arron says. Then I went on to school to get my license.

And like the other men, Aaron cant imagine doing anything else.

Its an honest living is what it is, he adds. And I really like working with these guys.

And for these four men who all have barbering in the family, Aarons sentiment is a shared one.

Its just like one big family, Colin says of the men he shares his shop and days with.

And with as much as these four have in common, its no surprise they all had the same response when asked what they enjoyed the most about their chosen profession. Its the people.

Unanimously, getting the chance to visit and fellowship with friends and neighbors is their favorite part of the job.

Over 30 years Ive created some really good friendships, Daren says.

Showing no signs of slowing, Colin and the gang will continue cutting hair in the tradition of the southern barber shop, and if and when Colin decides to retire, Daren will continue carrying the torch.

I hope I can be here as long as hes been here, Daren says. I hope Im in as good a health and shape when Im his age.

It would be hard to imagine theres a man in Marshall County who hasnt had his hair cut at Barnes Barber Shop, but if you havent and youre feeling a little shaggy, stop in, step back in time, and get yourself a haircut.

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Barnes Barber Shop – Sand Mountain Reporter

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Elections 1965 – ISRAEL21c

The day after tomorrow, on March 17th, 2015, Israelis will go to the polls for the twentieth Knesset elections. The general sentiment is that the outcome of the race is uncertain, that critical issues are at stake and that the fate of the country hangs in the balance.

Except this isnt the first time that weve felt that way. 50 years ago, the 1965 elections for the 5th Knesset took place in an atmosphere of crisis. Leading up to the elections was a political scandal that put the Prime Minister in direct conflict with his party leadership; a political party was disqualified from running the first such disqualification in the States short history for the first time; and a charismatic peace activist entered the political arena.

In addition, the national mood was also overshadowed by fears for the countrys very existence when reports came out that German scientists and technicians former Nazis were developing long-range missiles in Egypt.

Unlike today, with peace treaties in place with Egypt and Jordan, Israel at that time was surrounded by enemies on all fronts. According to Wikipedia, Israel became increasingly concerned with [Egypts rocket] program after a disaffected Austrian scientist involved with it approached the Israeli secret service, and claimed the Egyptians were attempting to equip the missile with radioactive waste as well as to procure nuclear warheads. In mid-August, the Mossad managed to obtain a document [detailing] the number of rockets being built (900), and additional, weaker evidence that there were plans to develop chemical, biological and gas-filled warheads for these rockets.

According to the National Library, The Israeli public was terrified by reports of weapons of mass destruction in Egypt, especially given the German involvement.

The successful covert campaign, Operation Damocles, along with diplomatic pressure, drove the scientists out of Egypt by the end of 1963 but also caused a wave of resignations within the Mossad and ultimately had Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion quitting as well.

The National Library of Israel has put together an online collection of historical documents from Israeli elections throughout the years. The curators state that the issues which concern Israelis in every national election are manifest in the election propaganda presented in its online collection. We have elected to focus on four such issues: the Arab-Israeli conflict, including wars and peace agreements; economic policy, from Socialism to free enterprise; the internal tension inherent in Israels status as a Jewish state; and various social issues that have arisen at different times, including ethnic, nationalist and class-based conflicts.

The National Library summarizes the 1965 elections as the aftermath of a clash of titans over the 1954 Lavon Affair also known as the Unfortunate Business a failed covert operation by Israeli intelligence in Egypt that resulted in a commission of inquiry, government upheaval, and internal strife within the ruling Labor party that put Ben-Gurion in direct conflict with party leadership.

In the summer of 1963, David Ben Gurion resigned [from the government] once again. The principal reason was a struggle between the elderly leader and representatives of the middle generation Levi Eshkol, Golda Meir, Pinchas Sapir and Zalman Aran. Ben Gurion did his utmost to undermine Eshkols leadership. Eshkol, in turn, sought to fortify the party by establishing a new Maarach a merger of Mapai and Achdut Haavodah.

The [inquiry] Commission of Seven cleared Pinchas Lavons name in the unfortunate business. For Eshkol, that was the end of the affair. Ben Gurion however, continued to call for a legal commission of inquiry. Eshkol refused emphatically. In December 1964, Eshkol resigned. He was given another mandate by the president and established another government, identical to its predecessor.

In February 1965 the major conflict occurred at the Mapai convention. [Moshe] Sharett and Golda Meir made strong speeches against the Old Man and Eshkol rose to the occasion in a historical speech in which he demanded that the affair be put to rest and the Maarach established. Eshkol garnered support and Ben Gurion was pushed out. He established Rafi, his last political home.

1965 was also the year that the Al Ard party the Arab Socialist List was disqualified from running by the Central Elections Committee which declared it an illegal association, because its initiators negate the [territorial] integrity of the State of Israel and its existence. (The next time a party would be disqualified was in 1988 when Rabbi Meir Kahanes Kach party was removed on grounds of racism, and the Progressive List for Peace for identifying with activities with enemies of the State).

A direct effect of the parliamentary system was that Israel election campaigns tended to emphasize party platforms, rather than individual politicians, as in this Herut-Liberal party poster showing not party leader Menachem Begin but rather, a series of outstretched hands with the slogan Maarach will take your profits, your rights, your freedom.

Meanwhile, Maarach, now headed by the rather drab Eshkol, concerned itself with uniting the workers.

Providing a new, personality-driven twist to the 1965 elections was colorful man-about-town Abie Nathan who later founded the offshore radio station The Voice of Peace.

The National Library states, Born in Iran, raised in India and a veteran of the Royal Air Force, Abie Nathan volunteered as a pilot in the War of Independence. After serving in the air force and working as an El Al pilot, Nathan opened Caf California in Tel Aviv. He decided to run for election in the 1965 elections in order to advocate the importance of reaching peace agreements with the Arab countries. He ran on a one-man ticket called Nes and obtained 2,135 votes.

Abie Nathan continued to promote his agenda. In February 1966, he flew to Egypt in his private plane Shalom 1, landing in Port Said. A day later he was deported to Israel. Nathan garnered international renown and undertook a capital city tour to campaign for peace. In July 1967, he flew to Egypt again and was, once again, deported. In 1969 he flew to Egypt on a commercial flight and was deported for a third time. After that, Nathan established a radio station that broadcast from a ship in the Mediterranean, which he utilized to campaign for regional peace.

More Israeli election campaign ephemera posters, press, photos and more from 1949 onwards can be found at the National Library website which points out that The lively campaign that characterizes the weeks and months leading up to election day itself nurtures Israels democratic culture.

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Elections 1965 – ISRAEL21c

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Dresden Unveils Controversial Monument that Looks Like Radical Islamist Fortification – Breitbart News

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In the central square of Dresden, Syrian artistManaf Halbouni has erected three buses to recreate a famous photograph taken by a Reuters photo-journalist during the battle of Aleppo. The image, which shows three buses stood up, is said to be a fortification against snipers from the Syrian army of president Bashar al-Assad.

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The flag on the top of the image, according to anti-mass migration NGO Einprozent, belongs to a radical Islamist group who were allied with the al-Qaeda-backed al-Nusra Front.

The group,Ahrar al-Sham, who have since changed their official flag, are describedas a collection of radicalIslamists and Salafists who want to overthrow Bashar al-Assad and implement strict Sharia law in Syria. According to Amnesty International, the group have engaged in the torture of political opponents and religious minorities alongside other groups like al-Nusra Front (which changed its name to Jabhat Fateh al-Sham in 2016) and theNour al-Dine Zinki Movement.

Ahrar al-Sham is also accused of specifically persecuting and killing Christians. Reports say the organisation killed Christians after liberating the city ofIdlib in north-west Syria in March 2015.

Despite accusations of torture and targeting Christians, the Council on Foreign Relationspublished an article called, The Good and Bad of Ahrar al-Sham: An al QaedaLinked Group Worth Befriending. The think tank claimed the group may serve U.S. interests to counter more radical groups like Islamic State.

Members of the anti-Islamisation PEGIDA movement, also based in Dresden,protested the bus sculpture. PEGIDA supporters criticised the unveiling as it fell just before the anniversary of the World War Two Dresden bombings, with protesters booing Mayor Dirk Hilbert as he inaugurated the anti-war monument.

Artist Manaf Halbouni told thepress the monument symbolised peace, freedom and humanity. There is no other political message. Its a peace memorial, a modern Statue of Liberty.

While it is unknown if the artists knew the connection of the image to Ahrar al-Sham, Salafism is on the rise in Germany. Police in Germany have conducted raidssince the beginning of 2017 on known Salafist circles resulting in a large scale operation last week that involved over 1,000 police officers.

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Dresden Unveils Controversial Monument that Looks Like Radical Islamist Fortification – Breitbart News

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Has SSPX Reconciled With Rome? – Church Militant

ROME (ChurchMilitant.com) – Does Rome’s recent announcement that priests from the Society of St. Pius X (SSPX) have been granted special faculties to validly witness marriages when diocesan priests aren’t available mean the SSPX is now reconciled with Rome? The Vatican indicated in its announcement Tuesday that the SSPX isn’t reconciled with the Church. The letter from the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Deibegan,”As you are aware for some time, various meetings and other initiatives have been ongoing in order to bring the Society of St. Pius X into full communion.” It ends the letter by saying that granting the faculty for SSPX priests to witness marriages in special circumstances will help facilitate “the process towards full institutional regularization.” The larger problem is what Pope Benedict XVI laid outin 2009, after he lifted the excommunications of the four SSPX bishops ordained by Abp. Marcel Lefebvre, the founder of the community. Pope Benedict writes: The fact that the Society of Saint Pius X does not possess a canonical status in the Church is not, in the end, based on disciplinary but on doctrinal reasons. … In order to make this clear once again: Until the doctrinal questions are clarified, the Society has no canonical status in the Church, and its ministers even though they have been freed of the ecclesiastical penalty do not legitimately exercise any ministry in the Church. … In light of this situation, it is my intention henceforth to join the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei the body which has been competent since 1988 for those communities and persons who, coming from the Society of Saint Pius X or from similar groups, wish to return to full communion with the Pope to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. This will make it clear that the problems now to be addressed are essentially doctrinal in nature and concern primarily the acceptance of the Second Vatican Council and the post-conciliar magisterium of the Popes. … The Church’s teaching authority cannot be frozen in the year 1962 this must be quite clear to the Society. (emphasis added) Have a news tip? Submit news to our tip line. Like our work? Support us with a donation.

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List of Hart of Dixie episodes – Wikipedia

Hart of Dixie is an American television comedy-drama created by Leila Gerstein for The CW, with executive producers Gerstein, Josh Schwartz, Stephanie Savage, Jason Ensler, and Len Goldstein.[1] The series first airs Monday nights at 9:00p.m. as a lead-out to Gossip Girl.[1] The series stars Rachel Bilson as Dr. Zoe Hart, who aspires to be like her father and become a cardio-thoracic surgeon. After four years of residency at New York Hospital, Zoe does not get a fellowship and takes up an offer to move south to work in a small medical practice. On April 26, 2013, The CW renewed Hart of Dixie for a third season.[2] During the first season of the series ‘&’ was formatted into the episode titles with a play on words or alliteration. The only episodes not to feature this were “Pilot”, “Hell’s Belles”, “Heart to Hart”, and “The Big Day”. Seasons 2 and 3 use country music songs as titles of the episodes, such as the season 3 episode 16 “Carrying Your Love with Me” by George Strait.

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Growing divisions, war threats loom over EU summit in Rome – World Socialist Web Site

By Alex Lantier 27 March 2017 On Saturday, European Union (EU) heads of state met in Rome, celebrating 60 years of the 1957 Treaty of Rome that founded the European Economic Community, in an exercise designed to highlight the continuing unity of continental Europe despite Britains vote to leave the EU last June. In the event, the summit highlighted instead the growing international conflicts and class tensions that are tearing the EU apart. The 60th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome could very well be its last. Amid growing concerns that France could elect a neo-fascist president in May and then leave both the EU and the euro currency, leading European officials of all political stripes pointed to the rising danger of war and collapse of Europe. Nonetheless, none of the EU leaders can formulate a clear plan to avoid plunging into the abyss. Thousands of Italian troops put central Rome on lock-down over the weekend amid official fears of mass protests against the EU, whose austerity policies have devastated Italy. Moreover, differences between EU, Polish, and Greek officials forced EU officials to water down the final communiqu, to avoid the humiliation of having it repudiated by EU member states. Polands far-right Law and Justice (PiS) government opposed references to the formation of a two-speed Europe, split between wealthier countries and a periphery of southern or eastern states. The EU has threatened to suspend Polands EU voting rights over the PiS attempts to emasculate the judiciary, amid a bitter struggle for influence between Berlin, London and Washington in Poland. The PiS apparently feared calls for a two-speed EU would be used to marginalize it. The Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza) government in Greece briefly demanded that the draft communiqu contain provisions on social rights and on handing back power to national parliaments. This was apparently a temporary tactic by Syriza, which faces strikes of port and public sector workers against it in Greece, as well as EU threats to withhold loans to Greece unless it accelerates its austerity measures against the population. In the event, the communiqu that was adopted epitomized the EUs response to Brexit: the EU is trying to survive as a coalition of nationalist, anti-immigrant regimes held together by aspirations to become an aggressive military bloc rivaling the United States. On military policy, it called for a stronger Europe, creating a more competitive and integrated defence industry and strengthening [the EUs] common security and defence. It also called for continuing EU anti-immigrant policieswhich have seen thousands drown in the Mediterranean, as millions flee imperialist wars in Africa and the Middle Eastso that EU external borders are secured, with an efficient, responsible and sustainable migration policy. Perhaps most significantly, the EU signaled that it would move away from trying to secure unanimous agreement on policy among EU member states. While the formal endorsement of a two-speed Europe arrangement was eliminated at Polands insistence, it was replaced with a vague proposal to act together, at different paces and intensity where necessary, while moving in the same direction. However euphemistically formulated, the adoption of a two-speed Europe policy marks a major step in the disintegration of the EU, with vast and unforeseeable implications. The limited post-World War II integration of capitalist Europe was the European bourgeoisies response to fascism and two world wars that had claimed tens of millions of lives, leveled much of the continent, and discredited capitalism in Europe. Prosperity from increased trade within Europe was intended to fend off the political challenge posed in the working class by communism, exemplified in the continued existence of the USSR. At the same time, the bourgeoisie saw the pursuit of a united European policy, financed with US aid, as critical to avoiding new wars in Europe. The preamble to the 1957 Treaty of Rome signed by Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg reflects this long-abandoned strategy. Calling for ever closer union among the peoples of Europe, it pledges to ensure the economic and social progress … by common action to eliminate the barriers which divide Europe and the constant improvement of the living and working conditions of European people. Since the dissolution of the USSR in 1991 and the EUs establishment in 1992 in the Maastricht Treaty, the EU has repudiated these conceptions. The NATO wars in the Balkans in the 1990s and above all the latest war drive against Russia, after the announcement of German re-militarization in 2014, went hand with accelerating austerity measures targeting basic social rights won by the working class in previous decades of struggle. These took the sharpest form in Western Europe with EU austerity measures imposed after the 2008 Wall Street crash that devastated Greece and led to threats to expel Greece from the euro zone. Deep political shocks are exposing the underlying bankruptcy of the EU and the unviability of attempts to unify Europe on a capitalist basis. With Brexit and the coming to power in Washington of the Trump administration, which has denounced the EU as a tool of German domination, the crisis of the EU has reached a new level of intensity. Even those sections of the European still defending the EU now aim to divide Europe in order to sideline, or even expel from the EU, those European countries that they see as an obstacle to their plans for war and austerity. Significantly, while figures from all sides are warning of war, no one is trying to articulate a policy to maintain European unity and halt the rapid drive towards war. Instead, the gloomiest predictions prevail. Last week, pro-EU French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron predicted an era of war and pledged to bring back the draft in France, before enthusiastically endorsing a two-speed Europe proposal and declaring his alignment on Berlin. Several EU heads of state met prior to the summit with Pope Francis, who declared that Europe faces a vacuum of values. When a body loses its sense of direction and is no longer able to look ahead, it experiences a regression and, in the long run, risks dying. Prior to the summit, EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker gave an interview to the Financial Times of London to denounce the Trump administration and warn of war in the Balkans. He called Trumps support for Brexit and Trumps calls for other countries to leave the EU in order to escape German domination annoying and surprising. I told the [US] vice-president [Mike Pence], Do not say that, do not invite others to leave, because if the European Union collapses, you will have a new war in the western Balkans, Juncker said. He added that the prospect of EU membership was one of the few elements preventing a new war in the Balkans: If we leave them aloneBosnia Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Macedonia, Albania, all those countrieswe will have war again. In the UK, leading pro-EU Conservative Michael Heseltine issued a denunciation of Brexit, warning that it would only pave the way for German domination of Europe. Heseltine said, Our ability to speak for the Commonwealth within Europe has come to an end. The Americans will shift their focus of interest to Germany. And if I can put it to you, for someone like myself, it was in 1933, the year of my birth, that Hitler was democratically elected in Germany. He unleashed the most horrendous war. This country played a unique role in securing his defeat. So Germany lost the war. Weve just handed them the opportunity to win the peace. I find that quite unacceptable. The UK Independence Party asked if Heseltine had lost his marbles and called his statements extraordinary. If I was German I would be deeply offended, a UKIP official said. I never realised the purpose of Britains membership of the EU was to stop German domination of Europe.

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London Terrorist Attack: Westminster’s Jihadis Come Home – Center for Research on Globalization

One year to the day after the Brussels terrorist attacks, a terrorist drove a car into Westminster parliament buildings killing four people and wounding several others. The British public are in shock. Westminster is considered to be a monument to British democracy. The date 3/22 will be remembered among those who mourn over the skulls and bones of loved ones lost to terrorism. Today, many of those mourners are in Syria. Just a few hours earlier, 50 destitute families staying at the al Badiya Dakhilya school in the village of Mansoura on the outskirts of Raqqa, were blown to pieces after an air strike by the international coalition. The Pentagon said it would investigate the atrocity. The British Government and its Western partners were silent. Thirty-three people were murdered. The United Nations the international arm of US imperialism- was mute. The Syrian government asked them why. No answer was given. On the same day, Al Nusra terrorists entered the village of Majdal, Northwest of Hama. Several women and children were reportedly killed. There are not enough reporters in Syria to cover all the atrocities committed almost every day by psychopathic killers the Western media calls moderate rebels. Britains jihad in Syria In 2009, former French Foreign Minister, Roland Dumas attended a meeting in London with British government officials. They told him they were planning to send Jihadi terrorists into Syria to take over the country. It was part of Britains contribution to the Greater Israel project. Israels quest for Middle East supremacy was outlined in a policy paper written by Israeli official Oded Yinon in 1982. The Yinon Plan involved fomenting civil war in Arab and Muslim countries in order to establish Israeli suzerainty over all its hostile neighbours. Like its partners in France and the United States, the British government is a whore of Israel. Westminster was finalising a grand strategy for the Middle East which would combine people-power uprisings and covert snipers, followed by Takfiri terrorism. The US grand strategy for the Middle East was announced by former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in 2005 in her speech before the American Israeli Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), where she proudly proclaimed that President George W. Bush had a new policy for the Middle East and North Africa. The US launched an unprecedented international venue for reform, by training activists in social media and regime change tactics. The Centre for Non-Violent Actions and Strategies (CANVAS), Albert Einstein Institute, National Endowment for Democracy, International Republican Institute, Freedom House, Facebook, and many other CIA-affiliated US agencies brought about what came to be known as the Arab Spring. The American/Israeli plan for a New Middle East was fully backed by mostsoi-disantanti-imperialists, who couldnt resist the romance and fantasy of revolution and Marxists waxed lyrical with the masses make history. The consensus among the anti-war left that the Arab Spring was spontaneous and popular meant that NATO was able to carpet bomb Libya for 8 months, making the bombing look like a humanitarian intervention. Hundreds of thousands of civilians would perish. When Libya was destroyed, Syria was next on NATOs target list. For 6 years this month, the Syrian Arab Republic has been fighting a war of national liberation from the international horde of Takfiri terrorists that British government officials were training in 2009 for deployment to the country. The attacks on Westminster come at a time when Britain is set to get tough on immigration. Though Brexit holds out the possibility of economic and democratic progress in Britain and immigration needs to be controlled and planned reactionary forces and news outlets are increasingly pointing the finger at Muslims and Islam as the root of Britains problems. A similar process is taking hold in the United States and throughout the European Union. Zionist terrorism Since the Zionist false flag bombing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem on the 22nd of July 1946, the Lavon Affair of 1954, the 911 attacks, the Brevik Massacre, and many others, Zionism has boldly carried out terrorist attacks and blamed them on Muslims or far right groups. The war on terror is a Zionist construct which is designed to goad the Western public into supporting foreign wars on behalf of Israeli interests, where recruits from Israels Gulf State partners are used as pawns and patsies in the infernal narrative of the clash of civilisations. Today the terrorism or its simulacrum has struck Westminster. The script is typed on a well-worn palimpsest with exotic Arab names parroted in the non-stop media hysteria. Not until the public realises that the terrorists are, and always have been, inside the corridors of Westminster an edifice that attests to the dictatorship of a decadent oligarchy over the toiling masses will the reign of terror come to an end. Gearid Colmin is an Irish journalist and political analyst based in Paris. His work focuses on globalisation, geopolitics and class struggle.

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March 28, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

The Lavon Affair – Commentary Magazine

Any professional intelligence officer would attest that the Bond movies were a highly distorted, cartoonish portrayal of the real world of espionage, with their high-speed car chases, exotic weaponry, casual executions, and impossibly sexy women. But the two worlds of espionagethe real one and the cinematic versionactually collided in the person of Joseph Katz, whose name appears nowhere in the Spy Museum. Katz was one of the more elusive and obscure Americans who worked as a Soviet spy in the 1940sand he played a significant role in the production of several Bond movies. This is the story of Joseph Katzs two lives. He had been a very busy man. In addition to Bentley, Katz had supervised Tom Black, who did industrial spying, and Harry Gold, who started out as an industrial spy and then became a courier for the Rosenberg spy ring and the atomic spy Klaus Fuchs. Katz had previously handled Robert Menaker and Floyd Miller, who had spied on American Trotskyists (themselves Communists, but enemies of the Stalinist regime in the USSR). It turned out that Katz had personally installed a listening device in the home of James Cannon, the leader of the Trotskyist Socialist Workers Party.1 In 1945 alone, Katz was meeting with Soviet sources Maurice Halperin, Duncan Lee, and Julius Joseph of the Office of Strategic Services (the predecessor to the CIA), Victor Perlo and Harry Magdoff of the War Production Board, and Joseph Gregg of the U.S. State Department. He also met with Charles Kramer, a congressional aide, to sort out complaints about how Perlo was supervising the espionage group he headed. In addition to this punishing schedule, Katz was the chief contact with Bentley and met periodically with Earl Browder and Bernard Schuster, top officials of the Communist Party of the USA. He was so valuable that in 1943 the KGB station chief recommended that he receive a Soviet medal, the Order of the Badge of Honor. Decades later, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, deciphered KGB cables showed that Katz had at the time owned two companies, Meriden Dental Laboratories, and an import-export firm, Tempus Import Company, both financed by the KGB. He had also operated several parking lots in New York. The Vassiliev Notebooks, copies of KGB files made by a one-time officer, further revealed that in May 1945, another report mentioned Katzs departure to a commercial fleet. Indeed, there is firm evidenceletters to his brotherindicating that Joseph served in the Merchant Marine during the last half of 1945. He was rejected by the Army for flat feet; volunteering for the Merchant Marine may have been motivated by a desire for some sort of war service or possibly by other personal reasons. He returned to the United States in the late fall of 1945, left the Merchant Marine and resumed his work for the KGB. Around this time, the KGB had concluded that Bentley had become unreliable, and in late November 1945, the KGB station chief in the United States began to ponder how to assassinate her. His first candidate for the job was Katz, since Bentley trusted and would willingly meet with him. He could drop poison in her wine or present her with a poisoned ladies compact. A riskier option would be to use a duplicate key to enter her room and use a cold steel weapon or stage a suicide. That was dicey since Bentley was a very strong, tall, and healthy woman. In any event, Moscow Center vetoed the idea. In the end, though, there was little in Bentleys statement to the FBI that was very helpful in identifying Jack. Most of the FBIs efforts were focused on the dozens of spies whose names she had provided. It took three years for the Bureau to come up with a suspect. In 1948, it showed Bentley a picture of Joseph Katz, and she made a positive identification. But while it now had a name and a face, the FBI had no idea where Katz was. Katz had, in fact, moved to France after Bentleys defection. It was not until early 1950 that interviews with other defectors and witnesses, and the increasing success at decoding Soviet intelligence cables, provided the FBI with a better picture of just how important a KGB operative Katz had been. To locate him, the Bureau set up a mail cover on his brother, a Yiddish poet living in New York named Menke Katz. Menke regularly received letters from Paris. French intelligence confirmed that Joseph was quietly living at that address, but all indications were that he was not involved in espionage. Under French law, he could not be extradited. Katz soon vanished again. But the mail cover on his brother led to an address in Haifa, Israel. Robert Lamphere, who had for years directed the Bentley investigation, enlisted the aid of James Angleton, legendary chief of CIA counterintelligence, who had a close relationship with Israeli intelligence. Katz was identifiedagain with no apparent ties to Soviet intelligence. The FBI and CIA hatched a plan to lure him onto an American-registered boat under the guise of a fishing trip, sail into international waters, arrest him, and then transfer to an American vessel. On the trip back to the United States, Lamphere hoped to persuade Katz to cooperate. The plan was aborted after J. Edgar Hoover, angered by some CIA slight, cancelled the operation. Lamphere did manage to have Katz interviewed in Israel, but Katz denied ever having been a Soviet agent. And there the trail ran cold. But Katz wasnt out of the woods. Decades later, in 1988, an FBI report surfaced from back in the day. The report noted that Aviva Flint, wife of an Israeli official, had been told by Katz that he had been associated with a woman who had gone to the FBI and ratted him out. Katz had also told Mrs. Flint that in 1950 he had been summoned from Paris to Rome, where he had been harshly interrogated by the KGB for three days. That interrogation precipitated his break with Soviet intelligence. This information was likely what led Lamphere to the audacious plan to stage a kidnapping from Israel. Years after Lamphere left the FBI, he heard from an old friend in the Bureau that Katz was back in the United States visiting his brotheran indication that as late as the mid-1980s, Katz was still being watched and monitored. Lamphere telephoned and spoke to Katz; he was writing a book, he said, and Katz was in it. A surprised Katz had little to say to Lamphere, but did respond that perhaps he, Katz, should also write a book. In fact, he did. Letters to My Brother, published in 1998 by a small press in upstate New York, consisted of dozens of letters Katz had written between 1943 and 1986 to his older brother, Menke. None makes any mention of espionage, and Joseph never explicitly mentions membership in the American Communist Party. He is described instead as an idealist who dreamed of eradicating social wrongs in the world. But all of the details of his life match what is known of the KGB agent Joseph Katz. And a website devoted to Menke Katz maintained by his son Dovid includes the latters admission that Yeiske (Joe) became a revolutionary and worked in one of the most clandestine branches of the American Communist movement. Both Menke and Yeiske were born in Lithuania, the latter in 1913. Their father immigrated to America that same year. Their mother and the four surviving children followed in 1920, settling in Passaic, New Jersey. When his father was naturalized in 1925, Joseph became an American citizen, and he and the rest of the family legally changed their names in 1928 from Chait, which his father had used, to the ancestral Katz. Menke devoted his life to poetry. Their younger brother Edward (known as Meishke) began in a menial job and rose to the presidency of the Amalgamated Bank of New York. Joseph studied engineering at Cooper Union but dropped out after one year to become a professional revolutionary. He later worked in or directed a variety of technical and commercial enterprises both to support himself and as cover for his work as a KGB agent. Menke Katz spent much of his adult life in the uneasy orbit of the Communist Party. He fell in with a group of young Yiddish Communist poets clustered around the Freiheit, the CPUSAs Yiddish-language daily newspaper. His first published poem, however, was denounced by the Partys leading Jewish figure, Mossaiye Olgin, for mysticism, and after his first book of poems appeared, he was expelled from Proletpen, the avatar of socialist realism, after it was denounced as an example of rottenness and degeneracy. But he was rehabilitated later when Olgin praised his newest work at a rally and called his brother Yeiske/Joseph up to the platform to share his brothers plaudits. Menkes up-and-down ride with Communist literary strictures got him into trouble again in the late 1930s, but he resolutely refused to transfer his allegiance to the Forward, the democratic Socialist Yiddish paper: You dont want to spit in the well you drank from all those years, Menke said. Although Menke at first supported himself as a watchmaker, by the 1930s he was teaching Yiddish in the Communist-controlled cultural movement, an economic dependence that no doubt contributed to his willingness to remain in the partys orbit. Not until after the 1952 murder of prominent Soviet Yiddish writers by Stalin did Menke revolt, storming into the Freiheit office to yell at its editor and publishing a poem, not in the socialist Forward but in the religious and pro-Zionist Morn-zhurnal. His defiance cost him most of his close friends but aligned him politically with his brother, who by this time had also broken with the Communist movement. Joseph had joined the CPUSA in 1932 while still in college. His route into the Party probably came through his girlfriend, Bessie Bogorad, also a young Communist activist who had grown up in Passaic. The couple got married in Los Angeles in 1936 and the following year Joseph was recruited by Soviet intelligence. Information about why he was in Los Angeles or what he did between 1932 and the late 1930s remains buried in American and Soviet intelligence files. (His FBI file has never been released.) One of his nephews, DavidMeishkes son, now a professor at Tel Aviv Universityheard Joseph tell stories of working among blacks in the American South for some of that period. He also told David that for years he was responsible for laundering money for Soviet intelligence, using the businesses they had set up for him. He had a knack for running things; his enterprises did well. What is clear is that his abilities and skills led to his acquiring more and more responsibilities and being entrusted with more sensitive assignments over the years. By the time of Bentleys defection, Katz had become one of the KGBs most trusted and important agent-handlers in the United States. The chief of FBI counterintelligence later judged that Joseph Katzs importance as a Soviet agent in the U.S. cannot be overestimated. As a security measure, the KGB suspended contact with him in late 1945, after Bentleys defection, but it soon decided that it was too risky to leave him in the United States. Unlike most of Bentleys government contacts, who were well known and could not easily disappear, Katz was known only to the FBI as Bentleys Jack. If he was ever caught, dozens of Soviet spies would be in peril. Consequently, by June 1946 the KGB had relocated Katz to Paris, where he continued his espionage work. Between 1946 and 1949 Joseph wrote letters to Menke from Paris, Rome, Milan, Belgium, the Swiss Alps, and the Pyrenees. Nothing in them carries a hint of what he was doing. But a document in KGB files from December 1948 indicates that he was in Italy at that time, forming a company on our instructions to cover the illegal courier line between Europe and the USA. Defectors from Communism have often spoken of a Kronstadt2 momentthe event that finally shatters illusions and precipitates a break with the cause to which they have devoted their lives. Stalinist paranoia had several times led to sweeping internal KGB purges. As Stalins anti-Semitic campaign gathered strength in the late 1940s and early 1950s, KGB officers with a Jewish background were shunted aside, demoted, or discharged, and foreign Jewish agents like Katz came under suspicion. As weve seen, Katz had told his Israeli contact Aviva Flint that suspicion about him in 1950 had ended his nearly two decades of revolutionary commitment. His letters that year are guarded but deeply revealing to anyone aware of his history. One letter from 1950 hints at a recent traumatic eventprobably his interrogation by the KGB and his fear that he would be liquidated. I shall never forget the last few days, he wrote. The kind of things that happened would seem unreal in the worst pulp magazine story. I feel as though everything is unreal and out of focus. He told Menke that a few nights ago I was up all night preparing what I thought may be my last letter to his daughter, Paula. In October, he lamented the choice he had made in a cautious but nonetheless clear reference to his work for Soviet intelligence: I know now the exact time and the exact chance happening to me that set me on a road from which there is no return. I think now that I had a feeling, a foreboding even then that I was starting on the wrong path, but once begun there was no turning back. I was never sure of what I was doing, but the element of adventure, the desire to impress and feel important overcame the doubts I had. He had, finally, come to the realization that my life up to now, all I believed and worked for, is a fraud and a lie. He dropped hints that he feared for his life: When you ask me again and again where I will be, I cannot tell you. I am not sure about anything. When you ask such questions of me, it is clear that you do not understand my situation, and it isnt possible for me to make it any clearer. You must forgive my nervousness. Things are not good. He reported seeing himself on a deserted street in a strange city and [I] am a little afraid. Either to evade the KGB or, because he was spooked by the inquiries from French counterintelligence, he took a four-month vacation in the Basque country, writing that how I came here is a long story, but adding that there was a legend that Jews escaping the Inquisition found refuge in the Pyrenees. Hiding from both the KGB and the FBI, Joseph disappeared again in 1951 before turning up in Israel by early November. He wrote Menke: Who was it that said, There is nothing sadder than a disillusioned revolutionary? He was filled with regret: I am sure that in our dreams of creating a better world we did wrong thingsand hurt those we lovedbut not because we were badwe hurt ourselves even more. He bitterly noted that we tried to spread beauty and truth, but it remained manure, and the flower does not grow. David Katz later learned from his uncle that Israeli authorities had been suspicious of his bona fides when he arrived; during his first year he was questioned extensively about his Communist allegiance. He never discussed exactly what he told those in intelligence about his espionage activities, but managed to convince them that he had irreparably broken with his past. Exactly how forthcoming he was remains a secret in the archives of Israeli intelligence. He may have abandoned Communism, but Joseph remained a committed socialist. He established close ties with Menachem Bader, an important figure in Mapam, the pro-Soviet Zionist political party that tried to blend Marxism and Jewish nationalism. In 1953, Mapam faced an existential crisis when one of its leaders, Mordechai Oren, was arrested on a trip to Czechoslovakia and forced to testify against 14 leaders of the Czech Communist Party. Under torture, he falsely confessed to being a British and Zionist spy and implicated the defendants, most of whom were Jewish, as his agents. Eleven of them were hanged, including Party leader Rudolf Slansky. Joseph wrote his brother that he was convinced the trial was a frame-up: In the end our dreams turned to nightmares. He became increasingly anti-Communist and more fervently Zionist. Better a Jewish state without socialism than socialism without a Jewish state, he wrote to Menke. He also remarked that Israeli forces should have conquered Cairo in the 1956 war to force the Egyptians to make peace, and he denounced the Russian fascists who had destroyed the Hungarian Revolution. He worked with Kibbutz Artzi, a federation of left-wing Mapam settlements, helping individual collective farms with engineering projects. He began to do part-time work for the Ministry of Development and travelled to Europe to inspect equipment being considered for purchase. He spent a year or two in Africa with Solel Boneh, a government-owned construction firm, helping to build the Entebbe Airport in Uganda. (In 1976, the Israeli raid to free Jewish hostages was facilitated by the companys possession of the original blueprints, which helped the military plan the operation precisely.) Joseph also remarried. He and his first wife, Bessie, had had a daughter, Paula, born in 1941. By 1945 they were estranged and Katz was living with a woman named Eva Getzoff. In March, Moscow reluctantly agreed to allow Getzoff to be used as a courier for Katz but worried that since he lived with her, there could be potential complications with his wife. Not long after this message, Katz signed up with the Merchant Marine; perhaps he was escaping a difficult love triangle. When Joseph left for Europe in 1946, Eva Getzoff remained in the United States. Joseph must have had a reconciliation with Bessie, because in 1949 he informed Menke that Bessie and Paula had just departed from the home they shared with him in Paris for America. He and Bessie either divorced or he became a widower in the 1950s after she died of cancer, and Eva became his second wife. The shadow of their past never completely disappeared. In 1961, when the FBI arrested the spy Robert Soblen, it named Eva Getzoff as an unindicted co-conspirator. Neither Joseph nor Eva ever talked publicly about their pasts or cooperated with American intelligence. In the 1960s, Joseph went to work for a film-equipment company and received patents in fiber optics, film lighting techniques, and the development and installation of double filament lighting and automated grid systems. His expertise in lighting and film techniques led to his employment by Berkey Photos, a British company, as its managing director. He moved to London in 1966. Berkey wanted to send him to the United States on company business, and Joseph, who had renounced his American citizenship shortly after arriving in Israel, feared he would be arrested. So he switched jobsand, improbably, helped make films that glamorized and fantasized the world of espionage that he had abandoned. Despite his service as a technical adviser, Joseph was not listed in any of the credits of the Bond movies. David surmised that he was afraid of being too prominent, perhaps fearing the long arm of the KGB. While the KGB might have lost track of him, the FBI did not, as he knew. Fear of being arrested kept Katz out of the United States for decades. As the years went by, he began to take some risks. Around 1968, he came to America with an entourage that included Saltzman and Sean Connery and managed to avoid attention. Then, in September 1974, a grand family reunion was planned at Meishkes Great Neck home. David Katz was assigned to pick Joseph up at Kennedy Airport. He walked out of Customs and was immediately surrounded by FBI agents who took him into custody. He was eventually released, but Joseph was required to attend several meetings in a room at the Plaza Hotel where he was questioned. He refused to provide any information and, after the last interrogation, hired a car and left for Canada. His youngest brother, Meishke, later employed a law firm that succeeded in reinstating Josephs citizenship and his passport. Menke and other family members knew the outlines of Josephs involvement in Soviet espionage. He had in fact occasionally spoken of it but mimimized the extent and significance of his activities. When Lampheres book The FBI-KGB War appeared in 1986, with its depiction of Joseph as an important Soviet spy, he told them that it was an exaggeration. Although he always insisted to family members that he had never acted against American interests, but had primarily spied on Trotskyists and other Communist dissidents, he was more forthcoming to David just a few years before his death. David had shown Joseph a 1999 article in an obscure academic journal on intelligence. Written by Earl Hyde, a retired CIA agent, it was entitled Bernard Schuster and Joseph Katz: KGB Master Spies in the United States. The article praised Katzs versatility, which included skills such as safecracking, lock-picking, electronic bugging, and jujitsu, as well as being a crack shot, and it speculated that he was recruited as a young man and trained in the USSR. The article, Joseph told his nephew, was 100 percent accurate, except for the claim he had trained in the Soviet Union; he had learned his tradecraft in San Jose, California. His business success had left Joseph a moderately wealthy man. He drove a Bentley. He lived in an expensive flat in London. In Israel he owned homes in Safed and an exclusive area of Tel Aviv. When he visited Lithuania after it became independent, staying for weeks in the most expensive hotel in Vilnius, he fell in love with a woman teaching at the university and wound up buying her an apartment. He was in his eighties; she was four decades younger than him. Eva suffered a fall, broke her hip, and died in 1993. Joseph hired a Ukrainian immigrant to take care of him and soon convinced himself that she was in love with him. As his health declined he became more reliant on his Ukranian caregiver and on Danny Margalit, an Israeli contractor, whom he treated as a surrogate son. Margalit and his wife cooked meals for him, visited him often, and accompanied him on vacations. When Katz died in 2004 in Israel at the age of 92, he left his estate, worth about $3 million, to Margalit and the Ukrainian woman. Joseph Katz devoted nearly 20 years of his long life to laboring in the clandestine world of Soviet intelligence. Abandoning both Communism and espionage before he was 40, he became a fervent Zionist and a successful businessman who collaborated in the portrayal of one of the iconic fictional figures of espionage. If he ever marveled at the disparity between the real life of a spy that he had once lived and the derring-do of James Bond, living a life of luxury, casually fending off super-villains with high-tech gadgets and bedding a series of glamorous women, he kept it to himself. He looked nothing like the handsome leading men who played James Bond, but Katz was remarkably charismatic and remarkably manipulative. During his espionage career, he successfully directed dozens of American agents and sources and satisfied demanding Soviet superiors. He ran successful cover businesses that produced a steady stream of money to finance espionage operations. He was also cantankerous, moody, and volcanic, regularly picking quarrels with family members and breaking contact with them over perceived slights. He cheated on both his wives and left nothing in his will to his only daughter. Born in poverty, he died a wealthy man. Few members of his own family missed him, even though they were fascinated by him. David recalled lots of assholic qualities. Dovid found him unbearable. In the Bond movie Octopussy, released in 1983, a villain sneers, You seem to have this nasty habit of surviving, to which Bond responds, You know what they say about the fittest. Joseph Katz navigated a remarkable journey. And even though he lived to tell the tale, he went to his grave without doing so.

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March 12, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

Timeline of Modern Israel (1950-1959) – Jewish Virtual Library

As American Jews move to the suburbs, they build new synagogues. Joining a synagogue becomes the chief expression of Jewish identity. In 1930, a mere 20 percent of American Jewish families belong to a synagogue; by 1960, nearly 60 percent do. January 16 January 23 April 4 April 24 April 28 May 25 June 17 July 5 November 14 May 19 April 12 May 18 July 20 July 30 September 1 September 13 September 28 October 7 November 21 December 24 January 1 January 7 January 9 May 13 July 23 July 28 August 11 August 12-13 August 18 September 10 November 9 December 8 February 12 May 13 June 7 June 9 June 11 July 20 August August 19 September 2 October 15 October 20-28 December 7 January 1 January 22 March 17 March 20 April 17 Summer September 28 October 6 January 2 February 17 February 21 February 24 February 28 March 24 One young woman killed and 18 wounded when terrorists threw hand grenades and opened fire on a crowded wedding celebration in Patish April May June 22 July 26 July 27 September 27 October 11 October 18 October 20 November 2 December 6 December 26 January 18 January 25 March 12 April UN Secretary General tours Middle East in an effort to reestablish armistice. Cease-fire achieved between Israel and Egypt on 19 April and with Jordan on 26 April April 7 April 11 April 29 May 6 May 9 May 31 May-October June 24 July 20 July 26 September 12 September 23 September 24 October 4 October 8 October 9 October 25 October 29 November 2 November 4-5 November 5 November 6 November 7

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March 5, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

Barnes Barber Shop – Sand Mountain Reporter

There had been a barber shop at 381 Gunter Avenue in Guntersville for 16 years, when Colin Barnes first began cutting hair there in 1964. He purchased the building in 1967, and 50 years later is still going strong. Now 72-years-old, Colin shares the shop with his son Daren Barnes, Levon Stone and Aaron Stone. Between the four men, they have more than 150 years of experience cutting hair. And according to Daren, his dad can still cut circles around his younger counterparts. He can still give a haircut quicker and better than any of us, Daren says respectfully of his father. But each one of them has had scissors in their hand since they were teenagers. For Colin, becoming a barber was a way off the roof at D.A.R. school where he was working as a laborer. Id have done anything that would get me off that roof, Colin says. And barbering is what came along. It was 1962 and Colin was just 18-years-old when he began cutting hair in Huntsville. You could train at a barber shop then go take your test back then, Colin adds, and thats what I did. But within a couple of years, Colin found his way to what would soon become Barnes Barber shop. The hours were better and it put him closer to his home in Grant. I still enjoy cutting hair and I can still cut hair good, Colin says. Its a job Ive never dreaded coming to. And perhaps thats because Colin truly enjoys his customers and having the chance to visit regularly with so many of the friends hes made over the years. Ive got customers who Ive cut their hair since I came here, Colin says. But as much as he enjoys visiting with his customers, a real treat for Colin is working beside his son Daren. Were more than father and son, Colin says. Were best friends. And youre not likely to meet a man that speaks more highly of his father than Daren Barnes. Darens career as a barber wasnt preordained. In fact, Colin never pushed Daren toward barbering at all. I didnt hang out here a lot when I was a kid, Daren says. Daddy has a farm, hes always raised cattle, I was driving a tractor when I was 11-years-old. But Colin did leave the option on the table for his son. When you get ready to make a barber, Ill teach you how to cut hair, Daren recalls his father saying. Daren had been giving free haircuts to friends and neighbors, when at 18, he decided to follow in Colins footsteps. Colin suggested Daren enroll in the barbering course at Calhoun Community College in Decatur and thats what he did. After about 6 months, Colin had seen enough and knew Daren had learned all he could from school. The rest of his education would come at his daddys side. And that gave Daren tremendous confidence as a young man. Youre going to mess some haircuts up when youre young, Daren says. Daddy could always help me, step in if needed. And while barbering may seem like a family affair for the Barnes, Levon and Aaron Stone take the notion to a whole other level. Levon, a second-generation barber has seen barbering spread throughout the limbs of his family tree. My dad, some of my uncles and some of my cousins are barbers, Levon says. Nieces, nephews all them. For Levon, cutting hair was all but a foregone conclusion. When I was 10 or 11-years old I had to go with my daddy and shine shoes, Lavon says. Then when I was 15, he put up a sign in the barber shop that said ‘Free Haircuts’ and thats how I got started cutting hair. Levon had his own little barber shop in Grant when Colin had a chair open up and approached him about coming to work with him in Guntersville. That was 32-years-ago. Ill retire a barber, theres no doubt about that, he says. If I do anything after that I may get a job at Walmart ringing that bell. Levon ads with a chuckle and a smile. And even though it was just two-years-ago when Colin added a fourth chair for Levons nephew Aaron, he was already a seasoned and well experienced barber himself. (As are three of Aarons five siblings.) But he had known the rest of the Barnes Barber Shop fellas just about his whole life. I met these guys when I was just a boy, Aaron says. Following in his father and grandfathers footsteps, Aaron began cutting hair full time when he was about 16. He recalls his mother having to drop him off at his uncle Buddys barber shop for a short period until he got his drivers license. It took him a good 7 months to teach me, Arron says. Then I went on to school to get my license. And like the other men, Aaron cant imagine doing anything else. Its an honest living is what it is, he adds. And I really like working with these guys. And for these four men who all have barbering in the family, Aarons sentiment is a shared one. Its just like one big family, Colin says of the men he shares his shop and days with. And with as much as these four have in common, its no surprise they all had the same response when asked what they enjoyed the most about their chosen profession. Its the people. Unanimously, getting the chance to visit and fellowship with friends and neighbors is their favorite part of the job. Over 30 years Ive created some really good friendships, Daren says. Showing no signs of slowing, Colin and the gang will continue cutting hair in the tradition of the southern barber shop, and if and when Colin decides to retire, Daren will continue carrying the torch. I hope I can be here as long as hes been here, Daren says. I hope Im in as good a health and shape when Im his age. It would be hard to imagine theres a man in Marshall County who hasnt had his hair cut at Barnes Barber Shop, but if you havent and youre feeling a little shaggy, stop in, step back in time, and get yourself a haircut.

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March 5, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

Elections 1965 – ISRAEL21c

The day after tomorrow, on March 17th, 2015, Israelis will go to the polls for the twentieth Knesset elections. The general sentiment is that the outcome of the race is uncertain, that critical issues are at stake and that the fate of the country hangs in the balance. Except this isnt the first time that weve felt that way. 50 years ago, the 1965 elections for the 5th Knesset took place in an atmosphere of crisis. Leading up to the elections was a political scandal that put the Prime Minister in direct conflict with his party leadership; a political party was disqualified from running the first such disqualification in the States short history for the first time; and a charismatic peace activist entered the political arena. In addition, the national mood was also overshadowed by fears for the countrys very existence when reports came out that German scientists and technicians former Nazis were developing long-range missiles in Egypt. Unlike today, with peace treaties in place with Egypt and Jordan, Israel at that time was surrounded by enemies on all fronts. According to Wikipedia, Israel became increasingly concerned with [Egypts rocket] program after a disaffected Austrian scientist involved with it approached the Israeli secret service, and claimed the Egyptians were attempting to equip the missile with radioactive waste as well as to procure nuclear warheads. In mid-August, the Mossad managed to obtain a document [detailing] the number of rockets being built (900), and additional, weaker evidence that there were plans to develop chemical, biological and gas-filled warheads for these rockets. According to the National Library, The Israeli public was terrified by reports of weapons of mass destruction in Egypt, especially given the German involvement. The successful covert campaign, Operation Damocles, along with diplomatic pressure, drove the scientists out of Egypt by the end of 1963 but also caused a wave of resignations within the Mossad and ultimately had Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion quitting as well. The National Library of Israel has put together an online collection of historical documents from Israeli elections throughout the years. The curators state that the issues which concern Israelis in every national election are manifest in the election propaganda presented in its online collection. We have elected to focus on four such issues: the Arab-Israeli conflict, including wars and peace agreements; economic policy, from Socialism to free enterprise; the internal tension inherent in Israels status as a Jewish state; and various social issues that have arisen at different times, including ethnic, nationalist and class-based conflicts. The National Library summarizes the 1965 elections as the aftermath of a clash of titans over the 1954 Lavon Affair also known as the Unfortunate Business a failed covert operation by Israeli intelligence in Egypt that resulted in a commission of inquiry, government upheaval, and internal strife within the ruling Labor party that put Ben-Gurion in direct conflict with party leadership. In the summer of 1963, David Ben Gurion resigned [from the government] once again. The principal reason was a struggle between the elderly leader and representatives of the middle generation Levi Eshkol, Golda Meir, Pinchas Sapir and Zalman Aran. Ben Gurion did his utmost to undermine Eshkols leadership. Eshkol, in turn, sought to fortify the party by establishing a new Maarach a merger of Mapai and Achdut Haavodah. The [inquiry] Commission of Seven cleared Pinchas Lavons name in the unfortunate business. For Eshkol, that was the end of the affair. Ben Gurion however, continued to call for a legal commission of inquiry. Eshkol refused emphatically. In December 1964, Eshkol resigned. He was given another mandate by the president and established another government, identical to its predecessor. In February 1965 the major conflict occurred at the Mapai convention. [Moshe] Sharett and Golda Meir made strong speeches against the Old Man and Eshkol rose to the occasion in a historical speech in which he demanded that the affair be put to rest and the Maarach established. Eshkol garnered support and Ben Gurion was pushed out. He established Rafi, his last political home. 1965 was also the year that the Al Ard party the Arab Socialist List was disqualified from running by the Central Elections Committee which declared it an illegal association, because its initiators negate the [territorial] integrity of the State of Israel and its existence. (The next time a party would be disqualified was in 1988 when Rabbi Meir Kahanes Kach party was removed on grounds of racism, and the Progressive List for Peace for identifying with activities with enemies of the State). A direct effect of the parliamentary system was that Israel election campaigns tended to emphasize party platforms, rather than individual politicians, as in this Herut-Liberal party poster showing not party leader Menachem Begin but rather, a series of outstretched hands with the slogan Maarach will take your profits, your rights, your freedom. Meanwhile, Maarach, now headed by the rather drab Eshkol, concerned itself with uniting the workers. Providing a new, personality-driven twist to the 1965 elections was colorful man-about-town Abie Nathan who later founded the offshore radio station The Voice of Peace. The National Library states, Born in Iran, raised in India and a veteran of the Royal Air Force, Abie Nathan volunteered as a pilot in the War of Independence. After serving in the air force and working as an El Al pilot, Nathan opened Caf California in Tel Aviv. He decided to run for election in the 1965 elections in order to advocate the importance of reaching peace agreements with the Arab countries. He ran on a one-man ticket called Nes and obtained 2,135 votes. Abie Nathan continued to promote his agenda. In February 1966, he flew to Egypt in his private plane Shalom 1, landing in Port Said. A day later he was deported to Israel. Nathan garnered international renown and undertook a capital city tour to campaign for peace. In July 1967, he flew to Egypt again and was, once again, deported. In 1969 he flew to Egypt on a commercial flight and was deported for a third time. After that, Nathan established a radio station that broadcast from a ship in the Mediterranean, which he utilized to campaign for regional peace. More Israeli election campaign ephemera posters, press, photos and more from 1949 onwards can be found at the National Library website which points out that The lively campaign that characterizes the weeks and months leading up to election day itself nurtures Israels democratic culture.

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February 25, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed

Dresden Unveils Controversial Monument that Looks Like Radical Islamist Fortification – Breitbart News

SIGN UP FOR OUR NEWSLETTER In the central square of Dresden, Syrian artistManaf Halbouni has erected three buses to recreate a famous photograph taken by a Reuters photo-journalist during the battle of Aleppo. The image, which shows three buses stood up, is said to be a fortification against snipers from the Syrian army of president Bashar al-Assad. SIGN UP FOR OUR NEWSLETTER The flag on the top of the image, according to anti-mass migration NGO Einprozent, belongs to a radical Islamist group who were allied with the al-Qaeda-backed al-Nusra Front. The group,Ahrar al-Sham, who have since changed their official flag, are describedas a collection of radicalIslamists and Salafists who want to overthrow Bashar al-Assad and implement strict Sharia law in Syria. According to Amnesty International, the group have engaged in the torture of political opponents and religious minorities alongside other groups like al-Nusra Front (which changed its name to Jabhat Fateh al-Sham in 2016) and theNour al-Dine Zinki Movement. Ahrar al-Sham is also accused of specifically persecuting and killing Christians. Reports say the organisation killed Christians after liberating the city ofIdlib in north-west Syria in March 2015. Despite accusations of torture and targeting Christians, the Council on Foreign Relationspublished an article called, The Good and Bad of Ahrar al-Sham: An al QaedaLinked Group Worth Befriending. The think tank claimed the group may serve U.S. interests to counter more radical groups like Islamic State. Members of the anti-Islamisation PEGIDA movement, also based in Dresden,protested the bus sculpture. PEGIDA supporters criticised the unveiling as it fell just before the anniversary of the World War Two Dresden bombings, with protesters booing Mayor Dirk Hilbert as he inaugurated the anti-war monument. Artist Manaf Halbouni told thepress the monument symbolised peace, freedom and humanity. There is no other political message. Its a peace memorial, a modern Statue of Liberty. While it is unknown if the artists knew the connection of the image to Ahrar al-Sham, Salafism is on the rise in Germany. Police in Germany have conducted raidssince the beginning of 2017 on known Salafist circles resulting in a large scale operation last week that involved over 1,000 police officers.

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February 13, 2017   Posted in: Lavon Affair  Comments Closed


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