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Morris Dees – Civil Rights Activist, Journalist, Lawyer …

Civil rights lawyer Morris Dees co-founded the Southern Poverty Law Center, which addresses cases of racial discrimination and combats the power of hate groups.

Attorney Morris Dees was born on December 16, 1936, in Shorter, Alabama. In 1971, Dees co-founded the Southern Poverty Law Center. The SPLC gained attention for its innovative tactics against hate groups, such as filing civil suits claiming damages for the violence incited by these groups. After the 1981 lynching of Michael Donald, the SPLC helped his mother receive a $7 million judgment.

Civil rights lawyer Morris Dees was born Morris Seligman Dees Jr. on December 16, 1936, in Shorter, Alabama. He was the oldest of five children. Dees’s parents were tenant farmers who also operated a cotton gin.

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Dees was a resourceful child. At a young age, he started earning money by buying, rearing and selling pigs. As a teen, he sold scraps from his parents’ cotton gin as mulch. Dees managed to accumulate approximately $5,000 in savings by the time he graduated from high school in 1955.

At his parents’ urging, Dees enrolled at the University of Alabama, where he would earn both his undergraduate and law degrees. In 1956, while he was an undergraduate, Dees witnessedcrowds of white peopleincluding members of the Ku Klux Klanverbally and physically harassAutherine Lucy, a classmate who was the first African-Americanto attend the University of Alabama. The scene revolted Dees and would resonate with him in the years to come.

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While he was still in school, Dees teamed up with a friend, Millard Fuller, to start a direct-mail business. When Dees graduated from law school in 1960, he and Fuller formed their own law practice in Montgomery, Alabama. They also grew their business, Fuller and Dees Marketing, to include a multimillion-dollar publishing venture. Dees bought out Fuller’s share of the business in 1965.

Stuck at an airport one night, Dees happened to read Clarence Darrow’s autobiography, a book that would change the direction of his career. In his own autobiography, A Season for Justice (1991), Dees explained: “I had made up my mind. I would sell the company as soon as possible and specialize in civil rights law. All the things in my life that had brought me to this point, all the pulls and tugs of my conscience, found a singular peace.”

After deciding to refocus his career, Dees handled cases such as filing a suit to integrate Montgomery’s YMCA. In 1969, he sold his company for several million dollars, which gave him more time to defend others’ civil rights.

In 1971, Dees worked with fellow attorney Joseph J. Levin Jr. and civil rights activist Julian Bond to found the Southern Poverty Law Center. Based in Montgomery, the not-for-profit agency was formed to “combat hate, intolerance and discrimination through education and litigation.”

While at the SPLC, Dees worked on a strategy of filing civil suits against hate groups, claiming damages for the violence incited by these groups. One high-profile case where he applied this strategy was the 1981 lynching of Michael Donald, a crime committed by three Klan members. With the assistance of Dees and the SPLC, Donald’s mother was awarded a $7 million settlement from the United Klans of America, bankrupting the group.

Over the years, the kinds of cases Dees handled led to his receiving death threats, but that has not kept him from continuing to investigate hate activity throughout the United States. In a 2009 letter to Congress, Dees requested that measures be taken to prevent members of extremist groups from serving in the military. In 2012, Dees was awarded the American Bar Association’s ABA Medal for his dedication to the pursuit of tolerance, justice and equality.

Dees’s autobiography was reissued by the ABA in 2001, retitled as A Lawyer’s Journey: The Morris Dees Story. In addition to his autobiography, Dees has written Hate on Trial: The Case Against America’s Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi (1993) and Gathering Storm: America’s Militia Threat (1996). He was also the subject of a made-for-television movie, Line of Fire: The Morris Dees Story (1991).

During his senior year of high school, Dees married Beverly Crum. The couple had two sons together before divorcing in the late 1960s. Dees next married Maureene Buck, a former employee. Dees and Buck had one daughter together. After they divorced, Dees married his third wife, Mary Farmer, the director of an abortion clinic. Following the end of his marriage to Farmer, he wed Elizabeth Breen. Dees’s fifth wife is Susan Star.

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Hate on Trial: Morris Dees: 9780517117606: Amazon.com: Books

Hate on Trial [Morris Dees] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A crusading civil-rights attorney describes how he took on the overlord of the White Aryan Resistance in a courtroom showdown that turned outrage into justice after an Ethiopian college student was bashed to death by neo-Nazis in Portland

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A Lawyer’s Journey: The Morris Dees Story (ABA Biography …

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KJV New Defenders Study Bible: Henry Morris … – amazon.com

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Low Country Cremation & Burial | Reidsville GA and …

Ms. Minnie Steinman

Dublin, GA.Minnie Francis Steinmann, age 84, passed away Monday, July 30, 2018 at Serenity Place following a brief illness.Minnie was born March 14, 1934 in Hazlehurst, GA. She was the daughter of the late Emory and Ada Francis. Minnie was a loving mother and Granny. She enjoyed her flower garden, bird watching, (especially hummingbirds), and her cat, Tiger.In addition to her parents, Minnie was preceded in death by: -Sons: Jerry Steinmann and…

Dublin, GA.Minnie Francis Steinmann, age 84, passed away Monday, July 30, 2018 at Serenity Place following a brief illness.Minnie was born March 14, 1934 in Hazlehurst, GA. She was…

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Dr. Morris Dees III, MD – Jacksonville Beach, FL …

0 Malpractice ClaimsWhat is medical malpractice?

No malpractice history found for Florida.

No sanctions history found for the years that Healthgrades collects data.

No board actions found for the years that Healthgrades collects data.

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Morris Dees | American civil rights lawyer | Britannica.com

Alternative Titles:Morris Seligman Dees, Jr.

Morris Dees, in full Morris Seligman Dees, Jr., (born December 16, 1936, Shorter, Alabama, U.S.), American lawyer and civil rights activist who is known for founding the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) with American attorney Joseph Levin in 1971 in Montgomery, Alabama. Under Deess leadership, the SPLC won several unprecedented lawsuits against hate organizations and their leaders.

Dees was the son of Morris Seligman Dees, a tenant cotton farmer, and Annie Ruth Dees. Although he was brought up in segregationist Alabama, his parents imparted strong Christian values, and he experienced warm interactions with African American families.

Dees received an undergraduate degree and a law degree (1960) from the University of Alabama. He then became a successful entrepreneur in the direct-mail publishing business with American lawyer and entrepreneur Millard Fuller, the founder of Habitat for Humanity. Dees bought Fuller out of the business in 1965. He sold the company to the Times Mirror Company in 1967 after reading Clarence Darrows The Story of My Life (1932), which provoked him into committing his full attention to a law practice devoted to civil rights legislation. The law firm, which he shared with Levin, evolved into the SPLC in 1971.

Deess legal career was marked by a number of landmark cases and decisions. His efforts helped to integrate the Montgomery, Alabama, Young Mens Christian Association (YMCA) in 1969 . The SPLC introduced lawsuits that held white supremacist organizations financially and criminally responsible for murders and other unlawful actions against immigrants and persons of colour. Substantial monetary awards against groups such as the United Klans of America and Aryan Nations in 1991, in fact, forced some such organizations to disband. Despite the critical advances against hate organizations, Deess decision to make such lawsuits an SPLC priority prompted some of its personnel who disagreed with the new legal focus to leave the organization. Additionally, critics outside the SPLC accused Dees of drawing few distinctions between white supremacists and groups that support limits to immigration, controls on population growth, or the right to bear arms.

During the 1970s and 1980s, Dees was also a prominent Democratic fund-raiser for presidential candidate George McGovern, Pres. Jimmy Carter, and Sen. Ted Kennedy. His books include Hate on Trial: The Case Against Americas Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi (1993) and Gathering Storm: Americas Militia Threat (1996). In addition, Dees received numerous awards, including the ABA Medal (2012), the highest honour bestowed by the American Bar Association.

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Keith AppenzellerSusan E. BenjaminEleanor R. BrelandPatricia BurkeMichelle DetweilerTeresa R. DioquinoDana C. FordDonald H. GageJames A. GibsonCraig A. GilmanPeter F. GozzaSue A. JohnsonS. Jane MalagonElizabeth T. ManosNorman W. MillerMichael A. PusateraPeter RamsbergerMary RogeroKen RollinsKaren Young SchmeiserJudith Ann SiracusaMary Ann SmithSteven B. StantonDavid W. TomlinsonCharles S. Warrington, Jr.Debbie WhiteThomas C. Williams

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James D. Jim AppeltStephen H. BilsJanice L. BirchJohn E. BurciagaPam CorbinoJudith M. CottrellScott L. DanielsPaige J. Fisher-SimpsonJanet Nelson HendersonLynne M. JenningsThomas F. KennedyPamela Leousis-DinsmoreMary Ellen LewisJ. William LockhartRichard A. LuceH. Mary McKeownHubert L. Pascoe, Jr.Patricia Perzel-GellerSue PorterKathy RiceChristina K. RoddeyJack E. Russell, IIITimothy C. SchulerPolly A. Jester StannardElla J. SmithJoan M. VecchioliEric D. WilliamsLinda S. WilliamsM. Elizabeth Williams

W. Reed AdcockEllen BabbDiane BaileyLinda BurrLinda ChambersJohn P. ConnellyDouglas F. DahlhauserPamela M. DubovKathy DuncanJames P. EgnewGilbert V. GottGreg HackleyCatherine M. HarlanLinda N. HildebrandCraig HuegelJohn C. LandonLauren C. LaughlinMichael Thomas LopsJan MarinoKay MedwickClaude P. MorrisRichard E. MurdockMike NevilleValarie NussbaumNancy PaikoffAnnette M. PattersonGregory F. Wilder

Linda A. AdkinsAlex T. AyscueThomas H. Beatty, IIINancy BomsteinStephen J. BonczekBernadette K. CraigKevin J. DonoghueJonna DouglassNancy FrockJanis KaramCathy L. KeithLisa LanzaMartha R. LendermanR. S. Rick McCollumS. Craig MillerJudy A. MitchellBruce MurphyGuy D. PearsonJeannette G. RenfrowJack St. ArnoldMary Julianne ScalesJohn A. SchaeferKaren Williams SeelSteve V. SellersJohn G. TappHal Ziecheck

Mary Alice BlevinsMark W. BrandtJames R. CasePhyllis Barwick CoatsPatricia GarrahanPatricia GerardRonnie J. GoodsteinBrett W. GowRebecca A. GrahamKate HowzeJiffy JohnsonNelly Nagui KhouzamJean H. KwallDaniel T. MannKathleen MonahanWilliam PullerKathy Short RabonR. Thomas RiggsNancy J. RitzMorris SilbermanR. Stephen TarverDeborah Vincent *Cathy A. WagnerThomas C. WedekindMichael WrightJudy Yates

Bruce M. BaldwinFloyd L. CrawfordLynn M. FuhlerThomas W. HaleMolly C. HancockCathy E. HollandDonna Koutney HooverAnthony M. JonesRichard H. KatzeffPaul N. KingGary M. KleinDeborah Pointer KynesKenneth C. MillmanCynthia PearseCynthia I. RiceDonald R. SchmidtGregory G. SmyserGerry J. StephensonPatricia A. P.A. TyrerB. Clifford Williams, IIIRoni S. Dordick WrightD. Wayne Wyatt

Joan M. BrockJames C. Brock, Jr.Sandra J. CampbellCharles N. CastagnaEdward A. EagerLoretta M. EnglishLaree L. EwersJohn D. FlockJames Edward GoodloeMarian J. GoodmanPaulette Szabo GrossSarah Walker GuthrieC. Guy HancockD. F. Buz Heuchan, Jr.Margena HinelySara Sally IrvingDarlene J. KaladaCarol L. Swyers KentN. David KoronesPamela Griener LeavyDaniel F. MillerGregory SchletterH. Browning Spence, Jr. *Karen H. Mounts WilderElise K. Winters

John C. AppelDouglas R. BirchNancy L. BrownRobert C. Dickinson, IIIAaron R. FodimanRaymond O. GrossH. Sandra HuggSandra C. JamiesonSheila W. JaquishRobert J. KruegerTheresa S. Lintz *Randolph A. MabryAndrew J. McAdamsRonald M. McElrathElizabeth E. McMahonRichard L. Pearse, Jr.Lili Sikorski SmithMary Frances TaymansWilliam T. TrautweinHelen B. UmbergKaren K. WalkerCharles W. WhetstoneRichard C. Young

Steve CarlisleJames M. CourtneyRonnie G. CriderMary CrosbyElizabeth DeptulaCrockett FarnellMartha C. GrayDonna HarperPaula HarveyHarry B. JamiesonRandall C. JohnsonHerbert E. Langford, Jr.Peggy McLeodSandra G. MillspaughBrenda Harris NixonMary OReillyDilman K. ThomasMaria Nieves EdmondsBarbara WerderPeter Woodham

Carol AllmanVance ArnettLana BracewellAlan Braswell, Jr.Margaret Word BurnsideThomas W. CareySue E. Pringle ClearyAleta CozartRichard Buzz DavidHeather FoderinghamJean JohnstonJohn C. LockeCarolyn Crochet MatherLinda MielkeDavid R. Moores *W. Bruce PageJoel ParkerCyril E. Bud PoguePaul Probst, Jr.William D. Repper, Jr.James SowerbrowerEllen StoutamireTerrence ThomasPamela W. WallaceBarbara Jean Whiteman

Parwez AlamRobert W. ByrdTony DattiloSandra F. DiamondHolly H. DuncanMyra K. ElliottDaniel K. FlatleyRobert L. GravesNancy S. KaylorS. M. Sally KiserRonald D. LancasterThomas C. LokeySusan L. OrneckMargot PequignotCynthia J. PetellePatricia PlumleeJames W. RasmussenCharles F. RobinsonPatricia A. RosserCozee Lynn Smith

Mindy BaconMichael D. BollenbackRobert K. ClarkJean CookKaren C. CrownMartha H. FolwellDora H. HarrisonDavid P. HealeyWilliams M. HollowayJean Ann HughesThomas U. KnappRoberta S. KoronesJohn LawrenceThomas J. McQueenLinda K. ParkerJames W. PfisterSara Sue Sopkin PrughWalter L. Schafer, Jr.Eric S. SekeresJames S. WatrousCynthia Nash Weller

Alan C. BomsteinRobert B. BoothR. William Bramberg, Jr.Thomas C. BrownMaria P. CantonisElizabeth J. DanielsJohn P. FrazerTim J. GelvinGay LancasterMichael E. LewisEdward Maur, Jr.Sallie A. ParksJudith B. Powers-JonesR. Grable Stoutamire *Stephen G. Watts

Paul P. BurroughsBrandt C. Downey, IIIJulie W. FeatherstoneMichael R. GorsageCharles E. HartPaul J. Kaslander *Matthew A. KludingKy M. KochSharon S. LarsonJean F. Ruff MageeMark McCutcheonPaul A. MeissnerCarolyn F. PhillipsDavid J. RosserJ. Ellis RueDyne SappN. John Simmons, Jr.Darrell W. StephensCary StiffJoel R. TewKenneth N. Waters*Bob Watson*

Patricia BauerSusan J. BrownLorin W. BryanJanice B. CaseMichael CroseJeff S. DavisJ. Jey Deifell, Jr.Paul R. EspositoRichard E. GehringBarry M. GlennRuth Heineman GoodwinKenneth G. HamiltonMatile G. HendryAida Y. JuradoPatrick W. KerrJerry R. ParkerFred L. RobbinsGyneth S. StanleyRobert Stiff, Jr.Mary Lou Miller Wagstaff

Joyce M. BarnettScott A. BraueerKenneth R. BurnsideAmelia Davis CareySondra G. GoldenfarbTom L. HorneDale L. PadenThomas E. Penick, Jr.Jim PittsJane M. Pope-ArnettJ. Paul RaymondPriscilla RogersR.Z. Sandy SafleyGlenn T. WarrenLeon Jeff Whitehurst

H. Emerson Atkinson, Jr.Georgia BarnesburgRobert BurnsideDavid Burton, Jr.Sam CasellaM. Therese ChamberlinMary CummingsJoseph ElliotTheodosios G. FrantzisTimothy JohnsonNicholas G. KarayDonald L. LeonardAndrew W. MacGillPat McFrederickMike McWeeneyJames E. PhillipsJohn S. Jay Rhoades, IIIRonald M. RicardoDon SkinnerRobert M. Tharin, Jr.Donald TurnerMike WnchickJohn WyllysKurt Youngstrom

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History of Vancleave | Ocean Springs Archives

A HISTORY OF VANCLEAVE, MISSISSIPPI

Abstract

Vancleave, located in west-central Jackson County, Mississippi, is a small community which developed in the early to mid-19thCentury, on Bluff Creek, a small tributary of the Pascagoula River, several miles north of the Mexican Gulf. It was known originally as Bluff Creek, until the postmaster in 1870, named itVancleavein honor of a former merchant,Robert A.Van Cleave(1840-1908). Ocean Springs family historian, Vertalee Bradford Van Cleave (1916-1999), related that the progenitor of the Van Cleave family in America was Jan Van Cleef, a 1653 Dutchmigrto New York. It is interesting to note that there is a town called Kleve in extreme western Germany less than twenty miles from its present border with Holland. Could the first American Van Cleave been Jan van Kleve, i.e. John from Kleve? (The History of Jackson County, Mississippi, 1989, p. 376 and National Geographic Atlas Of The World, 1981, p. 152)

The first European settlement in the Vancleave area occurred in 1721, when French colonists settled the short-lived Chaumont Concession. With the creation of the Mississippi Territory in 1798, and the West Florida Rebellion of 1810, the United States rested Spanish West Florida from its Iberian masters. Jackson County was created and united with the Territory of Orleans in 1812, and joined the Union in 1817, with the State of Mississippi.

Even before Mississippis statehood, restless Americans in the Carolinas and Georgia began settling the southwestern frontier, which included the Vancleave region. They were subsistence farmers and hunter-gatherers who brought their Protestant religion to this predominantly Roman Catholic coastal section.

Charcoal wagon en route to the L&N Railroad at Fontainebleau?

By 1850, the virgin forests, predominantly pine, of the region along the tributaries of the lower Pascagoula River, began to be exploited for timber, charcoal, and naval stores. These activities created a commerce, which resulted in small trading posts being built on Johns Bayou and lower Bluff Creek. Shallow draft schooners loaded with charcoal, agricultural products, and naval stores sailed the “lake” waters of the Mississippi Sound to New Orleans and returned with tools, food staples, and mercantile goods to these riverine outposts.Black slaves, primarily from North Carolina, were brought to work the turpentine orchards. After the Civil War, they were emancipated and remained in the region to provide the primary labor force for the naval stores industry. Black families owned the high land northwest of Moungers Creek, which became the primary Vancleave settlement, after they sold out to white families and merchants in the late 19thCentury. Black communities developed further north and west at Greenhead Creek.

Another group of people, locally called “Creoles”, but probably indigenous, descendants of Muskogean speaking, Native Americans inhabit the Vancleave region. They made their livelihoods primarily as subsistence farmers and charcoal burners. When public education in the region commenced in the late 19thCentury, Creole and Blacks were educated together, but by 1917, they were segregated and a separate school created, called Live Oak Pond, north of Vancleave. This aberration was unique in that it created three separate schools for White, Black and Creole children. The Creole people have slowly been assimilated into the local community through interracial marriages.

The early settlers brought sheep to the pine savannas and allowed them to forage on the open range. Soon Vancleave, with Woolmarket in Harrison County, became important exporters of wool. World War I enhanced the demand for wool and prices and production rose dramatically during the conflict.

At the turn of the 20thCentury, the Dantzler Lumber Company began to exploit virgin timber stands away from the rivers. They utilized tram railways to penetrate deep into the woods to reach virgin timber passed over because of its remoteness from water borne transportation routes. This venture brought a population increase, which encouraged the erection of new schools, churches, a hotel, boarding houses, and dwellings. The timber boom and sheep-wool activities subsided dramatically by the1930s. The virgin timber was depleting rapidly and stock laws, which curtailed open range foraging, and foreign competition had a deleterious effect on commercial wool production.

Pecan orchards, tung nut trees, and some citrus were grown in the Vancleave vicinity before the Great Depression of the 1930s. Orchard men from the Midwest developed nut crops initially south of Vancleave on the Ocean Springs Road and to the southwest and west along Seaman and Jim Ramsay Roads.

The Great Depression furthered exacerbated the economic situation at Vancleave. The people of the area responded to this dour situation by erecting a canning plant for fruit and vegetables, a sewing factory, and a shuttle mill. Naval stores and a dying charcoal industry continued weakly, until WW II revived the national economy. Shipbuilding at Pascagoula and Mobile created many wartime employment opportunities. Pulp wood for paper manufacturing became important after the war.

In the mid-1950s, the Bluff Creek Canning Company was organized. It produced a fish-based cat food and was sold to the John Morrell & Company of Chicago. A short-lived attempt to can yellow fin tuna caught in the Gulf of Mexico was also commenced at a Bluff Creek site south of Vancleave in the 1950s. The continued growth of the chemical and petrochemical industries along Bayou Cassotte near Pascagoula, has provided stable, regional, employment opportunities through several decades. Pulp wood harvesting for the Moss Point paper mill has continued in the area.

The population and status quo in the Vancleave region remained fairly constant until the late 1980s and early 1990s. At this time, a steady and continuous migration of people from the lower coastal urban areas, seeking cheaper land, relief from high taxes, crime and industrial pollution, began to move into the Vancleave area. The expansion of the US Naval presence, conversion of deep-water oil and gas exploration drilling rigs, and continued shipbuilding at Pascagoula and environs, with the exponential growth of dock side casino gaming in nearby Harrison County, has continued to fuel the migration into Vancleave.

Currently, new commercial ventures and subdivisions blossom each day. A new elementary school and medical center are now under construction. Are incorporation and local government awaiting Vancleave in the New Millennium??

A Vancleave History

Vancleave, originally calledBluff Creek, as late as 1869, when Andrew W. Ramsay (1830-1916) was postmaster of this small village, is the geographic name of a community, which has existed in T6S-R7W of Jackson County, Mississippi for well over a century. The name Vancleave comes from the merchant, Robert Adrian Van Cleave (1840-1908), who established a trading post on Paige Bayou in the 1870s. In June 1870, when the US Post Office established a station in the SE/4 of Section 27, T6S-R7W, it was called Vancleaves. R.A.Van Cleave, a Civil War veteran from Hinds County, later settled at Ocean Springs where he was a successful merchant, post master, and first provisional mayor of that town. (The Mississippi Press, July 18, 1988)

In June 1880, when a weekly mail route was established between Ocean Springs and Vancleave, Robert Adrian Van Cleave (1840-1908) was postmaster at Ocean Springs who was described as, “clever and good-humored”. William Seymour carried the mail to the store of George W. Davis at Vancleave. The post office was named after R.A. Van Cleave. (The Pascagoula Democrat-Star, June 18, 1880, p. 3)

Today, Vancleave is the general geographic term used for that region of west central Jackson County within T6S-R7W and T5S-R7W. This is an area of approximately seventy-two square miles. Specifically, Vancleave is a rapidly developing unincorporated village in Sections 9 and 16 of T6S-R7W, flanked by Highway 57. Historically within the “Vancleave area”, there have been many smaller settlements around public schools and churches, such as: Mount Pleasant, Greenhead, Ebenezer, Evergreen, Live Oak Pond, Dead Lake, and Fort Bayou.

18thCentury

Colonial Days 1699-1811

The Amerinds

Assuredly, Native Americans hunted the forests and fished the streams in the Vancleave region, centuries before the first Europeans arrived. Their past presence is indicated on the Pascagoula River by several French cartographic sketches and charts of the period. The closest village to present day Vancleave was that of the Capinians, probably also called Moctobi. Its location appears to be about one mile south of the Wade Bridge. (Carte de la Louisiane by DAnville-1732)

Jay Higginbotham, noted French Colonial historian and Archivist for the City of Mobile, relates that he has seen several “curios mounds” north and south of the Wade Bridge. He was unable to determine if they were constructed by the Amerinds. (Higginbotham, 1967, p. 15)

Jean-Baptiste Baudrau-First permanent settler in western Jackson County

Jean-Baptiste Baudrau (1671- ca 1762), dit Graveline, was born at Montreal in New France (Canada). In 1700, he landed with Pierre Le Moyne, dIberville (1761-1706) at Fort Maurepas in present day Ocean Springs. Iberville was a military commander sent by King Louis XIV (1638-1715) of France to establish and protect La Louisiane, the 1682 French claim of Rene Robert Cavalier de La Salle (1643-1687). French Louisiana was defined by La Salle as the watershed of the Mississippi River and its tributaries.

In 1702, Jean-Baptiste Baudreau abandoned Biloxy, the region around Fort Maurepas. With his French cohorts, led by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, de Bienville (1684-1778), Baudrau relocated to Old Mobile. Circa 1718, Baudreau left Dauphin Island to return permanently to what is now Jackson County, Mississippi. He and his family resided on the west side of the Pascagoula River. (Adkinson, et al, 1991, pp. 95-98)

Initially Graveline managed a farm in the present day Martins Bluff section. He raised livestock, primarily horned cattle. Graveline utilized Negro and Indian slave labor to work the plantation and tend livestock. (Conrad, 1970, p. 2 and p. 50)

Baudrau descendants

The descendant of Jean-Baptise Baudrau are numbered in the tens of thousands. From this French Canadian adventurer, some of the first families of the Mississippi Coast, which still exist today, Ladner, Bosarge, Fayard, Moran, Grelot (Gollott), Fournier, Ryan, Bang, and Seymour, can trace some of their lineage.

Jean Baptiste Baudrau dit Graveline had married an Indian woman who brought forth two children, Magdeleine Baudrau and Jean-Baptiste Baudrau II (d. 1757). Magdelaine married Pierre Paquet Jr. Circa 1758, their daughter, Marie Anne Pacquet (b. 1742) wedded Nicholas Ladner (b. ca 1736-1799) dit Christian. Of further interest in this line, Marie Angelique Baudreau (1776-1853), the daughter of Jean-Batiste Baudrau III (b. ca 1735) and Marie Louise Fayard (b. 1746), married Nicholas Ladner II (1759-ca 1793), son of Nicholas Ladner dit Christian and Marie Anne Pacquet. She married Jacob Bingle (Bang) after the demise of Nicholas Ladner II. (Cassibry II, 1988, pp. 700-704)

The brother of Nicholas Ladner II, Pierre Ladner (1764-1809+), settled on the Pascagoula River in 1809, on Claim No. 133, which was one of actual settlers who had no claim from either the French, British, or Spanish Governments. Pierre Ladners homestead was in Section 39, T6S-R6W about 1.5 miles east of the Evergreen community.(The American State Papers, 1994, p. 38)

Jean-Baptise Baudreau II (d. 1757) married Marie Catherine Vinconnau. Their daughter Catherine Louise Baudreau (1742-1806) married Joseph Bosarge (1733-1794) of Poitiers, France in June 1762. They are the progenitors of the large Bosarge family of coastal Alabama and Mississippi. (Atkinson, 1991, p. 23)

Another daughter of Baudrau II, Genevieve Baudrau, married Charles Leblanc in 1783. Their son, Joseph, born in 1788, became known as St. Cyr Seymour (1788-1845). His issue with Marie-Joseph Ryan (1786-1876) commenced the large Seymour family of our region. (Lepre, 1995 , pp. 54-61 )

The Seymour family has its roots on the north shore of Graveline Lake in Section 5, T8S-R7W. Here the children of St. Cyr and Marie-Joseph made their livelihoods as subsistence farmers and stockmen in the same manner as their great great grandfather, Jean-Baptiste Baudrau dit Graveline. They left their family homestead to settle at Biloxi Latimer, Fort Bayou, Ocean Springs, and North Biloxi. (The Ocean Springs Record, January 15, 1998)

The Chaumont Plantation

With the French beachhead at Fort Maurepas in 1699, and the subsequent founding of military posts at Mobile (1709), Nachitoches (1714), Natchez (1716), New Orleans (1718), and Nouveau Biloxy (1720) colonists of French and German origins began the settlement of French Louisiana. In late 1719, a 16,000-acre concession on the Pascagoula River, located about 40 miles up stream from the Gulf of Mexico, was granted by John Law s Company of the West to a wealthy Parisian, Antoine Chaumont, honorary secretary to King Louis XV, and his wife, Marie-Catherine Barre, Madame de Chaumont.

Chaumont Plantation Locator Map

In 1721, French settlers with slave labor established the Chaumont Plantation, the first European settlement in the Vancleave region. It was probably located on the west side of the Pascagoula River, about one mile seaward of the Wade Bridge, probably in Section 19, T5S-R6W. Monsieur Revillion, the plantation manager, was able to produce one good wheat crop before departing the Pascagoula River farm for Paris in 1722. He had received no money or supplies from the Chaumonts and went to France to bring litigation against them. By 1732, the Chaumont Plantation had been entirely abandoned. (Higginbotham, 1974, pp. 353-362)

The French Mills and the Lewis Claim

In 1811, Edwin Lewis (1782-1830), a Virginia born lawyer, married Margaret Baudreau (1791-1865), the great granddaughter of Jean-Baptiste Baudrau dit Graveline. Her parents were J.B. Baudrau III (b. ca 1735) and Marie Louise Fayard (b. 1746). He immediately began to assert the claim that Gravelines heirs were the rightful owners of the 40,000-acre Chaumont concession granted by the Company of the West. The land commissioner denied his request, but affirmed the Baudrau heirs claim of 1280 acres at Belle Fontaine. In a letter dated October 20, 1829, Edwin Lewis wrote:

..the original claim filed by me for the heirs of Jean Bte. Baudreau de Graveline for 40,000 acres on the west side of the Pascagoula River at and including the old French mills, the former home of our ancestorsour claim is for 40,000 acres granted by the French Government to the Count Chaumont and the long residence of our ancestors never abandoned by the family but was evacuated only from the trouble of Indians against whom the Spanish Government afforded no protection and which land was never re-granted by the English or Spanish government or permits given to settle on itI married the daughter of J.B. Baudreau directly after the Baton Rouge convention in 1811. The next day after which her father who was heir to half the land informed me that he gave my wife his half and that I might take possession of it when I pleased. I visited the place. I found two pretty extensive mill dams and part of the frame remaining. I found the place vacant but a log house was standing at a small distance from the mills and where our ancestors had resided before they were obliged to leave it by ? of Indians. I inquired who built the house. My father-in-law informed me one Durand, a Spaniard, from Pensacola who had a permit to settle on vacant land had built the log cabin to stay until he could select a place and that he had offered to purchase the land from him but he would not sell it as he had children to give it toI moved my family between this cabin and the mills and had nearly finished building one of the mills when (Jonathan) Sulcer came there who had also made several offers to Baudro for the lands and brought a forcible entry and detainer against me which was dropped before Old Judge Toulmin who turned me and my family out of doors(from the files of the Mobile Genealogical Library-Mobile, Alabama)

The location of the French mills from the above missive of Edwin Lewis is on the west side of the Pascagoula River in Section 24, T5S-R7W, east of the Magnolia Baptist Church on River Road. It known with a high degree of certitude that Jonathan Sulcer was here in December 1808, and that the original settler of this tract was Alexander Durant. This land is referred to, as Claim No. 170, in the list of actual settlers in the district east of the Pearl River, who have no claims derived from the French, British, or Spanish Governments. (The American State Papers, 1994, p. 38)

Interestingly and corroborating the above information, the description of French mills tract by Edwin Lewis is west of the indicated position of the 1721 Chaumont Plantation in Section 19, T5S-R6W. It appears that wheat grown on the plantation was ground into flour by the water-powered grist mills. The topographic nature of the high bluff on the west side of the Pascagoula River in Section 24, T5S-R7W is conducive for the construction of mill dams as there are several streams dissecting the bluff creating small but deep canyons here. (USGS Topographic Map, “Vancleave”, 1982)

Alfred E. Lewis (1812-1885), the son of Edwin Lewis, settled on former Baudrau lands situated on the Mississippi Sound west of the Pascagoula River mouth. Here in 1845, he erected Lewis-Sha, a plantation home, which is extant at Gautier today and is known as Oldfields. (The History of Jackson County, Mississippi, 1989, pp. 46-47)

19thCentury

Enter the Americans 1811-1861

The early years of the 19thCentury were tumultuous for the old American Southwest, which included the Vancleave area. After the Mississippi Territory was created in 1798, American settlers, chiefly white, Anglo-Saxon Protestants, began a steady migration from the Carolinas and Georgia into the new frontier. Soon, these pioneers began crossing south of the 31stparallel into the longleaf pine belt of coastal Mississippi. As there were still Indian and Spanish claims in this region, these Americans were sensed as trespassers by the Spanish who possessed the area, including what would later become Vancleave, as a part of Spanish West Florida.

Before 1810, trails and primitive roads were penetrating the primeval forest of the longleaf pine belt in the Bluff Creek region. The pioneers who came here made their livelihoods by herding cattle and swine, hunting-gathering, and subsistence farming. They were independent, freedom loving and had a dislike for the Indians and the Spanish. At this time it was reported that there were eighteen families on the lower Pascagoula River and more upstream.

The 1810 West Florida Rebellion and the 1811 annexation of the of that portion of Spanish West Florida from the Mississippi River to the Perdido River into the Orleans Territory by Governor William Charles Cole Claiborne (1775-1817), brought the American settlers of this region into the United States. Jackson County of the Mississippi Territory was created in 1812, and it entered the Union with the State of Mississippi on March 1, 1817. (The History of Jackson County, Mississippi, 1989, p. 1)

On January 13, 1811, Dr. Flood of New Orleans, the representative of Governor W.C.C. Claiborne, landed at Pascagoula and raised the American flag. He appointed Captain George Farragut (1755-1817) as Justice of the Peace for Pascagoula Parish of the Territory of Orleans. Dr. Flood wrote the following to Claiborne on January 25, 1811:

Finding no one able to read or write in the Pascagoula settlement, and the inhabitants expressing great confidence in and attachment for Capt. George Farragut, sailing master in the Navy, on this station, I prevailed on him to accept the commission for the parish. Benjamin Goodin, the other magistrate, resides on the river twenty miles up..The population of the Pascagoula Parish is about three hundred and fifty. (Claiborne, 1978, p. 307)

It is interesting to note that George Farragut, a native of Minorca, one of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, was the father of Union Admiral David Farragut (1801-1870). During the Civil War, Admiral Farraguts fleet captured New Orleans (1862) and won the Battle of Mobile Bay (1864). He commissioned two local immigrant seaman, Martin Freeman (1814-1894) of Pascagoula and Antoine V. Bellande (1829-1918) of Back Bay, now DIberville, Mississippi as acting ensigns and pilots in the Union Navy. At Mobile Bay in August 1864, Freeman piloted the USS Hartford, Farraguts flagship, while Bellande was aboard theUSS Monongahela, which rammed theCSA Tennessee.

Land Offices and the Jackson County Courthouse

Soon after Spanish West Florida became a part of the United States, two districts to process and ascertain land claims was established. The Vancleave region was placed in the land district East of the Pearl River, which was managed from St. Stephens on the Tombigbee River in present day Alabama. In 1819, a land office for Jackson County was created at “Jackson Courthouse” which was probably at the residence of Surveyor, Thomas Bilbo. In 1822, the Jackson County land office was move to Augusta in Perry County. (Cain, 1983, Vol. I, pp.168-169)

The first courthouse at Jackson County was located in present day George County, near Benndale. By 1823, the seat of county government had relocated to Brewers Bluff, northeast of Vancleave, and then in 1826 to Americus, on the east side of the Pascagoula River, where it would remain until 1871, when what appears to be the permanent government base, was founded at Scranton (Pascagoula). The location of the county seat in the northern portion of Jackson County until 1871, reflects that this was indeed the focus of early American settlement. (The History of Jackson County, Mississippi 1989, pp. 10-12)

As previously noted, the coastline was the focus of early European settlement. These early colonists brought the French language and Roman Catholic faith. After nearly three hundred years, some cultural differences still exist between the descendants of the early Americans and those of European heritage.

Vancleave Region Pioneers

A study of the land claims, which existed in the District East of the Pearl River in the early 19thCentury, reveals that the earliest settlers in the Vancleave region, homesteaded northeast and east of the future village. These pioneers chose the high bluff on the west side of the Pascagoula River as their place of settlement. Among the first of these homesteaders and their lands were:

Settler Date Settlement Original Settler

John Havens*1802? Poticaw Bayou areaJames Ware 1803 Section 12, T7S-R7W J.B. Baudrau

Benjamin Lanier 1807 Sec. 41, T5S-R7W and Sec. 22, T5S-R6W

Pierre Ladner 1809 Section 39, T6S-R6W John Haven

Laird Graham 1809 Section 38, T5S-R7WJoseph Graham 1810 Section 37, T5S-R7WAlexis Nicholas (Ladner) 1810 Section 38, T6S-R7WJonathan Selser 1810 Sec. 24, T5R7W Alexander Durant

George Farragutt 1811 Section 37, T7S-R7WJohn Brewer 1812 Section 1, T5S-R7WJohn Brewer Jr. 1812? Section 2, T5S-R7WWilliam Cates 1812 Sec. 38, T6S-R6W, Sec. 42,T5S-7W, Sec. 37, T6S-R7W

Joshua Cates 1812 Section 42, T5S-R7Wand Section 40, T5S-R6W

John Haven 1812 Section 11, T5S-R7W James Haven

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Morris Dees – Civil Rights Activist, Journalist, Lawyer …

Civil rights lawyer Morris Dees co-founded the Southern Poverty Law Center, which addresses cases of racial discrimination and combats the power of hate groups. Attorney Morris Dees was born on December 16, 1936, in Shorter, Alabama. In 1971, Dees co-founded the Southern Poverty Law Center. The SPLC gained attention for its innovative tactics against hate groups, such as filing civil suits claiming damages for the violence incited by these groups. After the 1981 lynching of Michael Donald, the SPLC helped his mother receive a $7 million judgment. Civil rights lawyer Morris Dees was born Morris Seligman Dees Jr. on December 16, 1936, in Shorter, Alabama. He was the oldest of five children. Dees’s parents were tenant farmers who also operated a cotton gin. Thanks for watching!Visit Website Dees was a resourceful child. At a young age, he started earning money by buying, rearing and selling pigs. As a teen, he sold scraps from his parents’ cotton gin as mulch. Dees managed to accumulate approximately $5,000 in savings by the time he graduated from high school in 1955. At his parents’ urging, Dees enrolled at the University of Alabama, where he would earn both his undergraduate and law degrees. In 1956, while he was an undergraduate, Dees witnessedcrowds of white peopleincluding members of the Ku Klux Klanverbally and physically harassAutherine Lucy, a classmate who was the first African-Americanto attend the University of Alabama. The scene revolted Dees and would resonate with him in the years to come. Thanks for watching!Visit Website Thanks for watching!Visit Website While he was still in school, Dees teamed up with a friend, Millard Fuller, to start a direct-mail business. When Dees graduated from law school in 1960, he and Fuller formed their own law practice in Montgomery, Alabama. They also grew their business, Fuller and Dees Marketing, to include a multimillion-dollar publishing venture. Dees bought out Fuller’s share of the business in 1965. Stuck at an airport one night, Dees happened to read Clarence Darrow’s autobiography, a book that would change the direction of his career. In his own autobiography, A Season for Justice (1991), Dees explained: “I had made up my mind. I would sell the company as soon as possible and specialize in civil rights law. All the things in my life that had brought me to this point, all the pulls and tugs of my conscience, found a singular peace.” After deciding to refocus his career, Dees handled cases such as filing a suit to integrate Montgomery’s YMCA. In 1969, he sold his company for several million dollars, which gave him more time to defend others’ civil rights. In 1971, Dees worked with fellow attorney Joseph J. Levin Jr. and civil rights activist Julian Bond to found the Southern Poverty Law Center. Based in Montgomery, the not-for-profit agency was formed to “combat hate, intolerance and discrimination through education and litigation.” While at the SPLC, Dees worked on a strategy of filing civil suits against hate groups, claiming damages for the violence incited by these groups. One high-profile case where he applied this strategy was the 1981 lynching of Michael Donald, a crime committed by three Klan members. With the assistance of Dees and the SPLC, Donald’s mother was awarded a $7 million settlement from the United Klans of America, bankrupting the group. Over the years, the kinds of cases Dees handled led to his receiving death threats, but that has not kept him from continuing to investigate hate activity throughout the United States. In a 2009 letter to Congress, Dees requested that measures be taken to prevent members of extremist groups from serving in the military. In 2012, Dees was awarded the American Bar Association’s ABA Medal for his dedication to the pursuit of tolerance, justice and equality. Dees’s autobiography was reissued by the ABA in 2001, retitled as A Lawyer’s Journey: The Morris Dees Story. In addition to his autobiography, Dees has written Hate on Trial: The Case Against America’s Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi (1993) and Gathering Storm: America’s Militia Threat (1996). He was also the subject of a made-for-television movie, Line of Fire: The Morris Dees Story (1991). During his senior year of high school, Dees married Beverly Crum. The couple had two sons together before divorcing in the late 1960s. Dees next married Maureene Buck, a former employee. Dees and Buck had one daughter together. After they divorced, Dees married his third wife, Mary Farmer, the director of an abortion clinic. Following the end of his marriage to Farmer, he wed Elizabeth Breen. Dees’s fifth wife is Susan Star.

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November 11, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Morris Dees  Comments Closed

Hate on Trial: Morris Dees: 9780517117606: Amazon.com: Books

Hate on Trial [Morris Dees] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A crusading civil-rights attorney describes how he took on the overlord of the White Aryan Resistance in a courtroom showdown that turned outrage into justice after an Ethiopian college student was bashed to death by neo-Nazis in Portland

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November 1, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Morris Dees  Comments Closed

A Lawyer’s Journey: The Morris Dees Story (ABA Biography …

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September 20, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Morris Dees  Comments Closed

KJV New Defenders Study Bible: Henry Morris … – amazon.com

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August 13, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Morris Dees  Comments Closed

Low Country Cremation & Burial | Reidsville GA and …

Ms. Minnie Steinman Dublin, GA.Minnie Francis Steinmann, age 84, passed away Monday, July 30, 2018 at Serenity Place following a brief illness.Minnie was born March 14, 1934 in Hazlehurst, GA. She was the daughter of the late Emory and Ada Francis. Minnie was a loving mother and Granny. She enjoyed her flower garden, bird watching, (especially hummingbirds), and her cat, Tiger.In addition to her parents, Minnie was preceded in death by: -Sons: Jerry Steinmann and… Dublin, GA.Minnie Francis Steinmann, age 84, passed away Monday, July 30, 2018 at Serenity Place following a brief illness.Minnie was born March 14, 1934 in Hazlehurst, GA. She was…

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August 13, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Morris Dees  Comments Closed

Dr. Morris Dees III, MD – Jacksonville Beach, FL …

0 Malpractice ClaimsWhat is medical malpractice? No malpractice history found for Florida. No sanctions history found for the years that Healthgrades collects data. No board actions found for the years that Healthgrades collects data.

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June 5, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Morris Dees  Comments Closed

Morris Dees | American civil rights lawyer | Britannica.com

Alternative Titles:Morris Seligman Dees, Jr. Morris Dees, in full Morris Seligman Dees, Jr., (born December 16, 1936, Shorter, Alabama, U.S.), American lawyer and civil rights activist who is known for founding the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) with American attorney Joseph Levin in 1971 in Montgomery, Alabama. Under Deess leadership, the SPLC won several unprecedented lawsuits against hate organizations and their leaders. Dees was the son of Morris Seligman Dees, a tenant cotton farmer, and Annie Ruth Dees. Although he was brought up in segregationist Alabama, his parents imparted strong Christian values, and he experienced warm interactions with African American families. Dees received an undergraduate degree and a law degree (1960) from the University of Alabama. He then became a successful entrepreneur in the direct-mail publishing business with American lawyer and entrepreneur Millard Fuller, the founder of Habitat for Humanity. Dees bought Fuller out of the business in 1965. He sold the company to the Times Mirror Company in 1967 after reading Clarence Darrows The Story of My Life (1932), which provoked him into committing his full attention to a law practice devoted to civil rights legislation. The law firm, which he shared with Levin, evolved into the SPLC in 1971. Deess legal career was marked by a number of landmark cases and decisions. His efforts helped to integrate the Montgomery, Alabama, Young Mens Christian Association (YMCA) in 1969 . The SPLC introduced lawsuits that held white supremacist organizations financially and criminally responsible for murders and other unlawful actions against immigrants and persons of colour. Substantial monetary awards against groups such as the United Klans of America and Aryan Nations in 1991, in fact, forced some such organizations to disband. Despite the critical advances against hate organizations, Deess decision to make such lawsuits an SPLC priority prompted some of its personnel who disagreed with the new legal focus to leave the organization. Additionally, critics outside the SPLC accused Dees of drawing few distinctions between white supremacists and groups that support limits to immigration, controls on population growth, or the right to bear arms. During the 1970s and 1980s, Dees was also a prominent Democratic fund-raiser for presidential candidate George McGovern, Pres. Jimmy Carter, and Sen. Ted Kennedy. His books include Hate on Trial: The Case Against Americas Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi (1993) and Gathering Storm: Americas Militia Threat (1996). In addition, Dees received numerous awards, including the ABA Medal (2012), the highest honour bestowed by the American Bar Association.

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May 25, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Morris Dees  Comments Closed

Alumni Leadership Pinellas

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BorregoJames F. CoatsJewel White ColeCorene CollinsKristie C. CottierMichael I. FaehnerSteven M. FishmanDianne Wheatley GiliottiJanet Harper GoldenG. Scott GoyerRowland HeraldWilliam HerveyAnthony HollowaySr. Mary Dion HorriganAmy E HudockMarita LynchCarla J MatternDavid McDonaldAnneNeil PicconeDonna RasmussenLisa RillingPeter A RivelliniAnya C SebastienLibby StoneMicki ThompsonLeslie D ViensWindy O WickmanTed WilliamsonMarlene YorkAndrea Zahn Melissa AllenKaren AltieriChristopher S. ArbutineRebecca CarlsonSharon CoilKatie Elliott ColeChester G. (Bud) Elias Jr.Ellen Smith FisherMartha GallowayJanet D. GammonsJames L. GearyWhitney GrayKrista Jane HinrichsWilliam B. Horne IIPatricia L. JohnstonAnn H. KelleyBrad McMurtreyWayne C. MineoC. Scott NallMarianne PashaThomas M. RamsbergerCarmen RowlandScott Eric SchiltzGregory K. ShowersDiane E. SmithMichael Van ButselJonathan WadeMichael J. WallaceDewey M. WilliamsLeesther Williams Michele BermanBeverly BillirisGarry BrumbackKimberly A. BriggsJ. Patrick CallanSherwood Flip ColemanCynthia Davis-GryceJeffrey DiamondKelly C. EdgarJeffrey D. FriedmanBufus E. GammonsFrank HibbardJanice B. HillRobert C. IronsmithBruce V. LivingstonAmy MartinRichard P. McClearyPamela J. MontanariRosalie MurrayDonna NettestadRobb ReslerArthur C. ShandJean R. ShapiroWendy SpencerJerry SpilatroChuck A. SullivanJohn F. SzaboDavid WhiteVonda K. WhiteJudy WoodStephanie Zaragoza David AbelsonRick BaconNina BandoniLula Lu BanksDavid J. Becker, MDRobert Burwell, JrGloria CampbellJeff ColemanHarriet Coren *Connie DavisDebbie DiroffPat DonnellyCynthia FoxKaren FranceClarence HulseSherri JohnsonWilliam Bill JonsonW. Garrison JusticeJohn MangineElizabeth MannionJennifer Klinge McGrailSandra McKennaDiane NelsonCarol ParksJacqueline RiveraCharlie Robinson, Jr.Debra RothbergThomas Tom SewellOla SeifertGail SimpsonJanis SmithThomas Tom TarulliJeff TomeoKaren Vann *Amanda WagnerKeith Zayac * Beverly AlandDavid O. 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SiracusaBonnie Skaggs*Cristina SnyderMack Vines Donna Adkins-WrightRichard J. BaierJudith L. CannadyAlan D. DarnellBonnie S. DavisJeff P. DavisDee Anna FarnellGerald A. FigurskiJim FogartyPatricia FooteCynthia E. GoudeauTony GriffithIsay M. GulleyKathryn M. HelmuthSandra Ann HoSusan HumphreysPatricia G. JonesPatricia KorpanJeff KronschnablJoseph J. KubickiGail LeBlancJames Lewin, Sr.Nancy Moate LeyD. Judith LutzEdmund OCarrollSusan L. OldsAlison PainterCarol E. RasorDiane RoffeyRobert J. SnyderLarry M. StarnesSusan M. SudnikJan H. TracyBruce R. Young Keith AppenzellerSusan E. BenjaminEleanor R. BrelandPatricia BurkeMichelle DetweilerTeresa R. DioquinoDana C. FordDonald H. GageJames A. GibsonCraig A. GilmanPeter F. GozzaSue A. JohnsonS. Jane MalagonElizabeth T. ManosNorman W. MillerMichael A. PusateraPeter RamsbergerMary RogeroKen RollinsKaren Young SchmeiserJudith Ann SiracusaMary Ann SmithSteven B. StantonDavid W. TomlinsonCharles S. Warrington, Jr.Debbie WhiteThomas C. Williams Karen L. BailCarrie BeemSue BerfieldRay BouchardKimberly R. BowmanRussel A. Bowman, IIFredric BuchholtzSusan Horsey DeesD. A. Skip DvornikSally H. FooteCandace GardnerGary S. GrayArlita HallamFrank J. Hancock*Mark JornsDebbie Kerin-TrujilloOdalys LaraThomas W. LattoEileen McAllisterRoberta E. McIntoshDavid PetersonElizabeth PhillipsMarvin L. PinkardDavid Charles SmithRay Gene Ulmer, Jr.Yvonne UlmerEduardo Tito Vargas James D. Jim AppeltStephen H. BilsJanice L. BirchJohn E. BurciagaPam CorbinoJudith M. CottrellScott L. DanielsPaige J. Fisher-SimpsonJanet Nelson HendersonLynne M. JenningsThomas F. KennedyPamela Leousis-DinsmoreMary Ellen LewisJ. William LockhartRichard A. LuceH. Mary McKeownHubert L. Pascoe, Jr.Patricia Perzel-GellerSue PorterKathy RiceChristina K. RoddeyJack E. Russell, IIITimothy C. SchulerPolly A. Jester StannardElla J. SmithJoan M. VecchioliEric D. WilliamsLinda S. WilliamsM. Elizabeth Williams W. Reed AdcockEllen BabbDiane BaileyLinda BurrLinda ChambersJohn P. ConnellyDouglas F. DahlhauserPamela M. DubovKathy DuncanJames P. EgnewGilbert V. GottGreg HackleyCatherine M. HarlanLinda N. HildebrandCraig HuegelJohn C. LandonLauren C. LaughlinMichael Thomas LopsJan MarinoKay MedwickClaude P. MorrisRichard E. MurdockMike NevilleValarie NussbaumNancy PaikoffAnnette M. PattersonGregory F. Wilder Linda A. AdkinsAlex T. AyscueThomas H. Beatty, IIINancy BomsteinStephen J. BonczekBernadette K. CraigKevin J. DonoghueJonna DouglassNancy FrockJanis KaramCathy L. KeithLisa LanzaMartha R. LendermanR. S. Rick McCollumS. Craig MillerJudy A. MitchellBruce MurphyGuy D. PearsonJeannette G. RenfrowJack St. ArnoldMary Julianne ScalesJohn A. SchaeferKaren Williams SeelSteve V. SellersJohn G. TappHal Ziecheck Mary Alice BlevinsMark W. BrandtJames R. CasePhyllis Barwick CoatsPatricia GarrahanPatricia GerardRonnie J. GoodsteinBrett W. GowRebecca A. GrahamKate HowzeJiffy JohnsonNelly Nagui KhouzamJean H. KwallDaniel T. MannKathleen MonahanWilliam PullerKathy Short RabonR. Thomas RiggsNancy J. RitzMorris SilbermanR. Stephen TarverDeborah Vincent *Cathy A. WagnerThomas C. WedekindMichael WrightJudy Yates Bruce M. BaldwinFloyd L. CrawfordLynn M. FuhlerThomas W. HaleMolly C. HancockCathy E. HollandDonna Koutney HooverAnthony M. JonesRichard H. KatzeffPaul N. KingGary M. KleinDeborah Pointer KynesKenneth C. MillmanCynthia PearseCynthia I. RiceDonald R. SchmidtGregory G. SmyserGerry J. StephensonPatricia A. P.A. TyrerB. Clifford Williams, IIIRoni S. Dordick WrightD. Wayne Wyatt Joan M. BrockJames C. Brock, Jr.Sandra J. CampbellCharles N. CastagnaEdward A. EagerLoretta M. EnglishLaree L. EwersJohn D. FlockJames Edward GoodloeMarian J. GoodmanPaulette Szabo GrossSarah Walker GuthrieC. Guy HancockD. F. Buz Heuchan, Jr.Margena HinelySara Sally IrvingDarlene J. KaladaCarol L. Swyers KentN. David KoronesPamela Griener LeavyDaniel F. MillerGregory SchletterH. Browning Spence, Jr. *Karen H. Mounts WilderElise K. Winters John C. AppelDouglas R. BirchNancy L. BrownRobert C. Dickinson, IIIAaron R. FodimanRaymond O. GrossH. Sandra HuggSandra C. JamiesonSheila W. JaquishRobert J. KruegerTheresa S. Lintz *Randolph A. MabryAndrew J. McAdamsRonald M. McElrathElizabeth E. McMahonRichard L. Pearse, Jr.Lili Sikorski SmithMary Frances TaymansWilliam T. TrautweinHelen B. UmbergKaren K. WalkerCharles W. WhetstoneRichard C. Young Steve CarlisleJames M. CourtneyRonnie G. CriderMary CrosbyElizabeth DeptulaCrockett FarnellMartha C. GrayDonna HarperPaula HarveyHarry B. JamiesonRandall C. JohnsonHerbert E. Langford, Jr.Peggy McLeodSandra G. MillspaughBrenda Harris NixonMary OReillyDilman K. ThomasMaria Nieves EdmondsBarbara WerderPeter Woodham Carol AllmanVance ArnettLana BracewellAlan Braswell, Jr.Margaret Word BurnsideThomas W. CareySue E. Pringle ClearyAleta CozartRichard Buzz DavidHeather FoderinghamJean JohnstonJohn C. LockeCarolyn Crochet MatherLinda MielkeDavid R. Moores *W. Bruce PageJoel ParkerCyril E. Bud PoguePaul Probst, Jr.William D. Repper, Jr.James SowerbrowerEllen StoutamireTerrence ThomasPamela W. WallaceBarbara Jean Whiteman Parwez AlamRobert W. ByrdTony DattiloSandra F. DiamondHolly H. DuncanMyra K. ElliottDaniel K. FlatleyRobert L. GravesNancy S. KaylorS. M. Sally KiserRonald D. LancasterThomas C. LokeySusan L. OrneckMargot PequignotCynthia J. PetellePatricia PlumleeJames W. RasmussenCharles F. RobinsonPatricia A. RosserCozee Lynn Smith Mindy BaconMichael D. BollenbackRobert K. ClarkJean CookKaren C. CrownMartha H. FolwellDora H. HarrisonDavid P. HealeyWilliams M. HollowayJean Ann HughesThomas U. KnappRoberta S. KoronesJohn LawrenceThomas J. McQueenLinda K. ParkerJames W. PfisterSara Sue Sopkin PrughWalter L. Schafer, Jr.Eric S. SekeresJames S. WatrousCynthia Nash Weller Alan C. BomsteinRobert B. BoothR. William Bramberg, Jr.Thomas C. BrownMaria P. CantonisElizabeth J. DanielsJohn P. FrazerTim J. GelvinGay LancasterMichael E. LewisEdward Maur, Jr.Sallie A. ParksJudith B. Powers-JonesR. Grable Stoutamire *Stephen G. Watts Paul P. BurroughsBrandt C. Downey, IIIJulie W. FeatherstoneMichael R. GorsageCharles E. HartPaul J. Kaslander *Matthew A. KludingKy M. KochSharon S. LarsonJean F. Ruff MageeMark McCutcheonPaul A. MeissnerCarolyn F. PhillipsDavid J. RosserJ. Ellis RueDyne SappN. John Simmons, Jr.Darrell W. StephensCary StiffJoel R. TewKenneth N. Waters*Bob Watson* Patricia BauerSusan J. BrownLorin W. BryanJanice B. CaseMichael CroseJeff S. DavisJ. Jey Deifell, Jr.Paul R. EspositoRichard E. GehringBarry M. GlennRuth Heineman GoodwinKenneth G. HamiltonMatile G. HendryAida Y. JuradoPatrick W. KerrJerry R. ParkerFred L. RobbinsGyneth S. StanleyRobert Stiff, Jr.Mary Lou Miller Wagstaff Joyce M. BarnettScott A. BraueerKenneth R. BurnsideAmelia Davis CareySondra G. GoldenfarbTom L. HorneDale L. PadenThomas E. Penick, Jr.Jim PittsJane M. Pope-ArnettJ. Paul RaymondPriscilla RogersR.Z. Sandy SafleyGlenn T. WarrenLeon Jeff Whitehurst H. Emerson Atkinson, Jr.Georgia BarnesburgRobert BurnsideDavid Burton, Jr.Sam CasellaM. Therese ChamberlinMary CummingsJoseph ElliotTheodosios G. FrantzisTimothy JohnsonNicholas G. KarayDonald L. LeonardAndrew W. MacGillPat McFrederickMike McWeeneyJames E. PhillipsJohn S. Jay Rhoades, IIIRonald M. RicardoDon SkinnerRobert M. Tharin, Jr.Donald TurnerMike WnchickJohn WyllysKurt Youngstrom

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History of Vancleave | Ocean Springs Archives

A HISTORY OF VANCLEAVE, MISSISSIPPI Abstract Vancleave, located in west-central Jackson County, Mississippi, is a small community which developed in the early to mid-19thCentury, on Bluff Creek, a small tributary of the Pascagoula River, several miles north of the Mexican Gulf. It was known originally as Bluff Creek, until the postmaster in 1870, named itVancleavein honor of a former merchant,Robert A.Van Cleave(1840-1908). Ocean Springs family historian, Vertalee Bradford Van Cleave (1916-1999), related that the progenitor of the Van Cleave family in America was Jan Van Cleef, a 1653 Dutchmigrto New York. It is interesting to note that there is a town called Kleve in extreme western Germany less than twenty miles from its present border with Holland. Could the first American Van Cleave been Jan van Kleve, i.e. John from Kleve? (The History of Jackson County, Mississippi, 1989, p. 376 and National Geographic Atlas Of The World, 1981, p. 152) The first European settlement in the Vancleave area occurred in 1721, when French colonists settled the short-lived Chaumont Concession. With the creation of the Mississippi Territory in 1798, and the West Florida Rebellion of 1810, the United States rested Spanish West Florida from its Iberian masters. Jackson County was created and united with the Territory of Orleans in 1812, and joined the Union in 1817, with the State of Mississippi. Even before Mississippis statehood, restless Americans in the Carolinas and Georgia began settling the southwestern frontier, which included the Vancleave region. They were subsistence farmers and hunter-gatherers who brought their Protestant religion to this predominantly Roman Catholic coastal section. Charcoal wagon en route to the L&N Railroad at Fontainebleau? By 1850, the virgin forests, predominantly pine, of the region along the tributaries of the lower Pascagoula River, began to be exploited for timber, charcoal, and naval stores. These activities created a commerce, which resulted in small trading posts being built on Johns Bayou and lower Bluff Creek. Shallow draft schooners loaded with charcoal, agricultural products, and naval stores sailed the “lake” waters of the Mississippi Sound to New Orleans and returned with tools, food staples, and mercantile goods to these riverine outposts.Black slaves, primarily from North Carolina, were brought to work the turpentine orchards. After the Civil War, they were emancipated and remained in the region to provide the primary labor force for the naval stores industry. Black families owned the high land northwest of Moungers Creek, which became the primary Vancleave settlement, after they sold out to white families and merchants in the late 19thCentury. Black communities developed further north and west at Greenhead Creek. Another group of people, locally called “Creoles”, but probably indigenous, descendants of Muskogean speaking, Native Americans inhabit the Vancleave region. They made their livelihoods primarily as subsistence farmers and charcoal burners. When public education in the region commenced in the late 19thCentury, Creole and Blacks were educated together, but by 1917, they were segregated and a separate school created, called Live Oak Pond, north of Vancleave. This aberration was unique in that it created three separate schools for White, Black and Creole children. The Creole people have slowly been assimilated into the local community through interracial marriages. The early settlers brought sheep to the pine savannas and allowed them to forage on the open range. Soon Vancleave, with Woolmarket in Harrison County, became important exporters of wool. World War I enhanced the demand for wool and prices and production rose dramatically during the conflict. At the turn of the 20thCentury, the Dantzler Lumber Company began to exploit virgin timber stands away from the rivers. They utilized tram railways to penetrate deep into the woods to reach virgin timber passed over because of its remoteness from water borne transportation routes. This venture brought a population increase, which encouraged the erection of new schools, churches, a hotel, boarding houses, and dwellings. The timber boom and sheep-wool activities subsided dramatically by the1930s. The virgin timber was depleting rapidly and stock laws, which curtailed open range foraging, and foreign competition had a deleterious effect on commercial wool production. Pecan orchards, tung nut trees, and some citrus were grown in the Vancleave vicinity before the Great Depression of the 1930s. Orchard men from the Midwest developed nut crops initially south of Vancleave on the Ocean Springs Road and to the southwest and west along Seaman and Jim Ramsay Roads. The Great Depression furthered exacerbated the economic situation at Vancleave. The people of the area responded to this dour situation by erecting a canning plant for fruit and vegetables, a sewing factory, and a shuttle mill. Naval stores and a dying charcoal industry continued weakly, until WW II revived the national economy. Shipbuilding at Pascagoula and Mobile created many wartime employment opportunities. Pulp wood for paper manufacturing became important after the war. In the mid-1950s, the Bluff Creek Canning Company was organized. It produced a fish-based cat food and was sold to the John Morrell & Company of Chicago. A short-lived attempt to can yellow fin tuna caught in the Gulf of Mexico was also commenced at a Bluff Creek site south of Vancleave in the 1950s. The continued growth of the chemical and petrochemical industries along Bayou Cassotte near Pascagoula, has provided stable, regional, employment opportunities through several decades. Pulp wood harvesting for the Moss Point paper mill has continued in the area. The population and status quo in the Vancleave region remained fairly constant until the late 1980s and early 1990s. At this time, a steady and continuous migration of people from the lower coastal urban areas, seeking cheaper land, relief from high taxes, crime and industrial pollution, began to move into the Vancleave area. The expansion of the US Naval presence, conversion of deep-water oil and gas exploration drilling rigs, and continued shipbuilding at Pascagoula and environs, with the exponential growth of dock side casino gaming in nearby Harrison County, has continued to fuel the migration into Vancleave. Currently, new commercial ventures and subdivisions blossom each day. A new elementary school and medical center are now under construction. Are incorporation and local government awaiting Vancleave in the New Millennium?? A Vancleave History Vancleave, originally calledBluff Creek, as late as 1869, when Andrew W. Ramsay (1830-1916) was postmaster of this small village, is the geographic name of a community, which has existed in T6S-R7W of Jackson County, Mississippi for well over a century. The name Vancleave comes from the merchant, Robert Adrian Van Cleave (1840-1908), who established a trading post on Paige Bayou in the 1870s. In June 1870, when the US Post Office established a station in the SE/4 of Section 27, T6S-R7W, it was called Vancleaves. R.A.Van Cleave, a Civil War veteran from Hinds County, later settled at Ocean Springs where he was a successful merchant, post master, and first provisional mayor of that town. (The Mississippi Press, July 18, 1988) In June 1880, when a weekly mail route was established between Ocean Springs and Vancleave, Robert Adrian Van Cleave (1840-1908) was postmaster at Ocean Springs who was described as, “clever and good-humored”. William Seymour carried the mail to the store of George W. Davis at Vancleave. The post office was named after R.A. Van Cleave. (The Pascagoula Democrat-Star, June 18, 1880, p. 3) Today, Vancleave is the general geographic term used for that region of west central Jackson County within T6S-R7W and T5S-R7W. This is an area of approximately seventy-two square miles. Specifically, Vancleave is a rapidly developing unincorporated village in Sections 9 and 16 of T6S-R7W, flanked by Highway 57. Historically within the “Vancleave area”, there have been many smaller settlements around public schools and churches, such as: Mount Pleasant, Greenhead, Ebenezer, Evergreen, Live Oak Pond, Dead Lake, and Fort Bayou. 18thCentury Colonial Days 1699-1811 The Amerinds Assuredly, Native Americans hunted the forests and fished the streams in the Vancleave region, centuries before the first Europeans arrived. Their past presence is indicated on the Pascagoula River by several French cartographic sketches and charts of the period. The closest village to present day Vancleave was that of the Capinians, probably also called Moctobi. Its location appears to be about one mile south of the Wade Bridge. (Carte de la Louisiane by DAnville-1732) Jay Higginbotham, noted French Colonial historian and Archivist for the City of Mobile, relates that he has seen several “curios mounds” north and south of the Wade Bridge. He was unable to determine if they were constructed by the Amerinds. (Higginbotham, 1967, p. 15) Jean-Baptiste Baudrau-First permanent settler in western Jackson County Jean-Baptiste Baudrau (1671- ca 1762), dit Graveline, was born at Montreal in New France (Canada). In 1700, he landed with Pierre Le Moyne, dIberville (1761-1706) at Fort Maurepas in present day Ocean Springs. Iberville was a military commander sent by King Louis XIV (1638-1715) of France to establish and protect La Louisiane, the 1682 French claim of Rene Robert Cavalier de La Salle (1643-1687). French Louisiana was defined by La Salle as the watershed of the Mississippi River and its tributaries. In 1702, Jean-Baptiste Baudreau abandoned Biloxy, the region around Fort Maurepas. With his French cohorts, led by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, de Bienville (1684-1778), Baudrau relocated to Old Mobile. Circa 1718, Baudreau left Dauphin Island to return permanently to what is now Jackson County, Mississippi. He and his family resided on the west side of the Pascagoula River. (Adkinson, et al, 1991, pp. 95-98) Initially Graveline managed a farm in the present day Martins Bluff section. He raised livestock, primarily horned cattle. Graveline utilized Negro and Indian slave labor to work the plantation and tend livestock. (Conrad, 1970, p. 2 and p. 50) Baudrau descendants The descendant of Jean-Baptise Baudrau are numbered in the tens of thousands. From this French Canadian adventurer, some of the first families of the Mississippi Coast, which still exist today, Ladner, Bosarge, Fayard, Moran, Grelot (Gollott), Fournier, Ryan, Bang, and Seymour, can trace some of their lineage. Jean Baptiste Baudrau dit Graveline had married an Indian woman who brought forth two children, Magdeleine Baudrau and Jean-Baptiste Baudrau II (d. 1757). Magdelaine married Pierre Paquet Jr. Circa 1758, their daughter, Marie Anne Pacquet (b. 1742) wedded Nicholas Ladner (b. ca 1736-1799) dit Christian. Of further interest in this line, Marie Angelique Baudreau (1776-1853), the daughter of Jean-Batiste Baudrau III (b. ca 1735) and Marie Louise Fayard (b. 1746), married Nicholas Ladner II (1759-ca 1793), son of Nicholas Ladner dit Christian and Marie Anne Pacquet. She married Jacob Bingle (Bang) after the demise of Nicholas Ladner II. (Cassibry II, 1988, pp. 700-704) The brother of Nicholas Ladner II, Pierre Ladner (1764-1809+), settled on the Pascagoula River in 1809, on Claim No. 133, which was one of actual settlers who had no claim from either the French, British, or Spanish Governments. Pierre Ladners homestead was in Section 39, T6S-R6W about 1.5 miles east of the Evergreen community.(The American State Papers, 1994, p. 38) Jean-Baptise Baudreau II (d. 1757) married Marie Catherine Vinconnau. Their daughter Catherine Louise Baudreau (1742-1806) married Joseph Bosarge (1733-1794) of Poitiers, France in June 1762. They are the progenitors of the large Bosarge family of coastal Alabama and Mississippi. (Atkinson, 1991, p. 23) Another daughter of Baudrau II, Genevieve Baudrau, married Charles Leblanc in 1783. Their son, Joseph, born in 1788, became known as St. Cyr Seymour (1788-1845). His issue with Marie-Joseph Ryan (1786-1876) commenced the large Seymour family of our region. (Lepre, 1995 , pp. 54-61 ) The Seymour family has its roots on the north shore of Graveline Lake in Section 5, T8S-R7W. Here the children of St. Cyr and Marie-Joseph made their livelihoods as subsistence farmers and stockmen in the same manner as their great great grandfather, Jean-Baptiste Baudrau dit Graveline. They left their family homestead to settle at Biloxi Latimer, Fort Bayou, Ocean Springs, and North Biloxi. (The Ocean Springs Record, January 15, 1998) The Chaumont Plantation With the French beachhead at Fort Maurepas in 1699, and the subsequent founding of military posts at Mobile (1709), Nachitoches (1714), Natchez (1716), New Orleans (1718), and Nouveau Biloxy (1720) colonists of French and German origins began the settlement of French Louisiana. In late 1719, a 16,000-acre concession on the Pascagoula River, located about 40 miles up stream from the Gulf of Mexico, was granted by John Law s Company of the West to a wealthy Parisian, Antoine Chaumont, honorary secretary to King Louis XV, and his wife, Marie-Catherine Barre, Madame de Chaumont. Chaumont Plantation Locator Map In 1721, French settlers with slave labor established the Chaumont Plantation, the first European settlement in the Vancleave region. It was probably located on the west side of the Pascagoula River, about one mile seaward of the Wade Bridge, probably in Section 19, T5S-R6W. Monsieur Revillion, the plantation manager, was able to produce one good wheat crop before departing the Pascagoula River farm for Paris in 1722. He had received no money or supplies from the Chaumonts and went to France to bring litigation against them. By 1732, the Chaumont Plantation had been entirely abandoned. (Higginbotham, 1974, pp. 353-362) The French Mills and the Lewis Claim In 1811, Edwin Lewis (1782-1830), a Virginia born lawyer, married Margaret Baudreau (1791-1865), the great granddaughter of Jean-Baptiste Baudrau dit Graveline. Her parents were J.B. Baudrau III (b. ca 1735) and Marie Louise Fayard (b. 1746). He immediately began to assert the claim that Gravelines heirs were the rightful owners of the 40,000-acre Chaumont concession granted by the Company of the West. The land commissioner denied his request, but affirmed the Baudrau heirs claim of 1280 acres at Belle Fontaine. In a letter dated October 20, 1829, Edwin Lewis wrote: ..the original claim filed by me for the heirs of Jean Bte. Baudreau de Graveline for 40,000 acres on the west side of the Pascagoula River at and including the old French mills, the former home of our ancestorsour claim is for 40,000 acres granted by the French Government to the Count Chaumont and the long residence of our ancestors never abandoned by the family but was evacuated only from the trouble of Indians against whom the Spanish Government afforded no protection and which land was never re-granted by the English or Spanish government or permits given to settle on itI married the daughter of J.B. Baudreau directly after the Baton Rouge convention in 1811. The next day after which her father who was heir to half the land informed me that he gave my wife his half and that I might take possession of it when I pleased. I visited the place. I found two pretty extensive mill dams and part of the frame remaining. I found the place vacant but a log house was standing at a small distance from the mills and where our ancestors had resided before they were obliged to leave it by ? of Indians. I inquired who built the house. My father-in-law informed me one Durand, a Spaniard, from Pensacola who had a permit to settle on vacant land had built the log cabin to stay until he could select a place and that he had offered to purchase the land from him but he would not sell it as he had children to give it toI moved my family between this cabin and the mills and had nearly finished building one of the mills when (Jonathan) Sulcer came there who had also made several offers to Baudro for the lands and brought a forcible entry and detainer against me which was dropped before Old Judge Toulmin who turned me and my family out of doors(from the files of the Mobile Genealogical Library-Mobile, Alabama) The location of the French mills from the above missive of Edwin Lewis is on the west side of the Pascagoula River in Section 24, T5S-R7W, east of the Magnolia Baptist Church on River Road. It known with a high degree of certitude that Jonathan Sulcer was here in December 1808, and that the original settler of this tract was Alexander Durant. This land is referred to, as Claim No. 170, in the list of actual settlers in the district east of the Pearl River, who have no claims derived from the French, British, or Spanish Governments. (The American State Papers, 1994, p. 38) Interestingly and corroborating the above information, the description of French mills tract by Edwin Lewis is west of the indicated position of the 1721 Chaumont Plantation in Section 19, T5S-R6W. It appears that wheat grown on the plantation was ground into flour by the water-powered grist mills. The topographic nature of the high bluff on the west side of the Pascagoula River in Section 24, T5S-R7W is conducive for the construction of mill dams as there are several streams dissecting the bluff creating small but deep canyons here. (USGS Topographic Map, “Vancleave”, 1982) Alfred E. Lewis (1812-1885), the son of Edwin Lewis, settled on former Baudrau lands situated on the Mississippi Sound west of the Pascagoula River mouth. Here in 1845, he erected Lewis-Sha, a plantation home, which is extant at Gautier today and is known as Oldfields. (The History of Jackson County, Mississippi, 1989, pp. 46-47) 19thCentury Enter the Americans 1811-1861 The early years of the 19thCentury were tumultuous for the old American Southwest, which included the Vancleave area. After the Mississippi Territory was created in 1798, American settlers, chiefly white, Anglo-Saxon Protestants, began a steady migration from the Carolinas and Georgia into the new frontier. Soon, these pioneers began crossing south of the 31stparallel into the longleaf pine belt of coastal Mississippi. As there were still Indian and Spanish claims in this region, these Americans were sensed as trespassers by the Spanish who possessed the area, including what would later become Vancleave, as a part of Spanish West Florida. Before 1810, trails and primitive roads were penetrating the primeval forest of the longleaf pine belt in the Bluff Creek region. The pioneers who came here made their livelihoods by herding cattle and swine, hunting-gathering, and subsistence farming. They were independent, freedom loving and had a dislike for the Indians and the Spanish. At this time it was reported that there were eighteen families on the lower Pascagoula River and more upstream. The 1810 West Florida Rebellion and the 1811 annexation of the of that portion of Spanish West Florida from the Mississippi River to the Perdido River into the Orleans Territory by Governor William Charles Cole Claiborne (1775-1817), brought the American settlers of this region into the United States. Jackson County of the Mississippi Territory was created in 1812, and it entered the Union with the State of Mississippi on March 1, 1817. (The History of Jackson County, Mississippi, 1989, p. 1) On January 13, 1811, Dr. Flood of New Orleans, the representative of Governor W.C.C. Claiborne, landed at Pascagoula and raised the American flag. He appointed Captain George Farragut (1755-1817) as Justice of the Peace for Pascagoula Parish of the Territory of Orleans. Dr. Flood wrote the following to Claiborne on January 25, 1811: Finding no one able to read or write in the Pascagoula settlement, and the inhabitants expressing great confidence in and attachment for Capt. George Farragut, sailing master in the Navy, on this station, I prevailed on him to accept the commission for the parish. Benjamin Goodin, the other magistrate, resides on the river twenty miles up..The population of the Pascagoula Parish is about three hundred and fifty. (Claiborne, 1978, p. 307) It is interesting to note that George Farragut, a native of Minorca, one of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, was the father of Union Admiral David Farragut (1801-1870). During the Civil War, Admiral Farraguts fleet captured New Orleans (1862) and won the Battle of Mobile Bay (1864). He commissioned two local immigrant seaman, Martin Freeman (1814-1894) of Pascagoula and Antoine V. Bellande (1829-1918) of Back Bay, now DIberville, Mississippi as acting ensigns and pilots in the Union Navy. At Mobile Bay in August 1864, Freeman piloted the USS Hartford, Farraguts flagship, while Bellande was aboard theUSS Monongahela, which rammed theCSA Tennessee. Land Offices and the Jackson County Courthouse Soon after Spanish West Florida became a part of the United States, two districts to process and ascertain land claims was established. The Vancleave region was placed in the land district East of the Pearl River, which was managed from St. Stephens on the Tombigbee River in present day Alabama. In 1819, a land office for Jackson County was created at “Jackson Courthouse” which was probably at the residence of Surveyor, Thomas Bilbo. In 1822, the Jackson County land office was move to Augusta in Perry County. (Cain, 1983, Vol. I, pp.168-169) The first courthouse at Jackson County was located in present day George County, near Benndale. By 1823, the seat of county government had relocated to Brewers Bluff, northeast of Vancleave, and then in 1826 to Americus, on the east side of the Pascagoula River, where it would remain until 1871, when what appears to be the permanent government base, was founded at Scranton (Pascagoula). The location of the county seat in the northern portion of Jackson County until 1871, reflects that this was indeed the focus of early American settlement. (The History of Jackson County, Mississippi 1989, pp. 10-12) As previously noted, the coastline was the focus of early European settlement. These early colonists brought the French language and Roman Catholic faith. After nearly three hundred years, some cultural differences still exist between the descendants of the early Americans and those of European heritage. Vancleave Region Pioneers A study of the land claims, which existed in the District East of the Pearl River in the early 19thCentury, reveals that the earliest settlers in the Vancleave region, homesteaded northeast and east of the future village. These pioneers chose the high bluff on the west side of the Pascagoula River as their place of settlement. Among the first of these homesteaders and their lands were: Settler Date Settlement Original Settler John Havens*1802? Poticaw Bayou areaJames Ware 1803 Section 12, T7S-R7W J.B. Baudrau Benjamin Lanier 1807 Sec. 41, T5S-R7W and Sec. 22, T5S-R6W Pierre Ladner 1809 Section 39, T6S-R6W John Haven Laird Graham 1809 Section 38, T5S-R7WJoseph Graham 1810 Section 37, T5S-R7WAlexis Nicholas (Ladner) 1810 Section 38, T6S-R7WJonathan Selser 1810 Sec. 24, T5R7W Alexander Durant George Farragutt 1811 Section 37, T7S-R7WJohn Brewer 1812 Section 1, T5S-R7WJohn Brewer Jr. 1812? Section 2, T5S-R7WWilliam Cates 1812 Sec. 38, T6S-R6W, Sec. 42,T5S-7W, Sec. 37, T6S-R7W Joshua Cates 1812 Section 42, T5S-R7Wand Section 40, T5S-R6W John Haven 1812 Section 11, T5S-R7W James Haven

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April 24, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Morris Dees  Comments Closed


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