Archive for the ‘World War I’ Category

World War I Fast Facts – CNN

The Central Powers consisted of Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany and the Ottoman Empire (now Turkey).

The United States declared neutrality until German submarine warfare threatened American commercial shipping.

Timeline:June 28, 1914 – Gavrilo Princip, who has ties to the Serbian terrorist-type group the Black Hand, assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary.

July 28, 1914 – Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.

August 1, 1914 – Germany declares war on Russia.

August 4, 1914 – Germany invades Belgium. President Woodrow Wilson declares that the United States is neutral. Britain declares war on Germany.

August 10, 1914 – Austria-Hungary invades Russia, opening the fighting on the Eastern Front.

August 26-30, 1914 – Battle of Tannenberg, Prussia.

September 12, 1914 – First battle of the Aisne in France begins, marking the beginning of trench warfare.

November 3, 1914 – Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.

November 5, 1914 – Great Britain and France declare war on the Ottoman Empire.

April 22-May 25, 1915 – Second Battle of Ypres, marking the first wide-scale use of poison gas by Germany.

May 7, 1915 – A German U-20 submarine sinks the British passenger ship, the Lusitania; 1,198 are killed, including 128 Americans.

June 1915-November 1917 – Battles of the Isonzo, Italy.

1915 – Battle of Krithia, Gallipoli peninsula, Ottoman Empire.

February 21-July 1916 – Battle of Verdun, France, the war’s longest battle, with almost a million casualties.

May 31-June 1, 1916 – Battle of Jutland, North Sea near Denmark – a sea battle between British and German navies.

July 1, 1916-November 1916 – First Battle of the Somme River, France. The British introduce the tank.

June 26, 1917 – American troops begin landing in France.

November 20, 1917 – Battle of Cambrai, France.

December 3, 1917 – Russia signs an armistice with Germany.

March 3, 1918 – Russia signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ending hostilities with the Central Powers and withdrawing Russia from this war.

March 21-April 5, 1918 – Second Battle of the Somme River.

September 29, 1918 – Bulgaria signs an armistice.

October 30, 1918 – Ottoman Empire signs an armistice.

November 3, 1918 – Austria-Hungary signs an armistice.

November 11, 1918 – Germany accepts the armistice terms demanded by the Allies, ending the war.

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World War I Fast Facts – CNN

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World War I Centennial | National Archives

As the largest repository of American World War I records, the National Archives invites you to browse the wealth of records and information documenting the U.S. experience in this conflict, including photographs, documents, audiovisual recordings, educational resources, articles, blog posts, lectures, and events.

April 6, 2017, marks the 100th anniversary of Americas entrance into the Great War. After remaining neutral for three years, the United States reluctantly entered what was supposed to be “The War to End All Wars.” By declaring war, President Woodrow Wilson committed the nation to join the other Allied countries in their efforts to defeat the German-led Central Powers.

Explore more records, information, articles and resources at the National Archives organized by subject area.

Begin your research with these World War I overview guides and resources from the National Archives. The records highlighted here represent a small portion of the National Archives holdings, many of which have not yet been digitized. Contact the National Archives to plan a research visit.

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World War I Centennial | National Archives

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July 16, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Amazon Best Sellers: Best World War I History

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Amazon Best Sellers: Best World War I History

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The Fading Battlefields of World War I – The Atlantic

This year will mark the passing of a full century since the end of World War Ia hundred years since the War to End All Wars. In that time, much of the battle-ravaged landscape along the Western Front has been reclaimed by nature or returned to farmland, and the scars of the war are disappearing. Some zones remain toxic a century later, and others are still littered with unexploded ordnance, closed off to the public. But across France and Belgium, significant battlefields and ruins were preserved as monuments, and farm fields that became battlegrounds ended up as vast cemeteries. In these places, the visible physical damage to the landscape remains as evidence of the phenomenal violence and destruction that took so many lives so long ago.

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The Fading Battlefields of World War I – The Atlantic

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June 4, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

World War I – Forces and resources of the combatant …

When war broke out, the Allied powers possessed greater overall demographic, industrial, and military resources than the Central Powers and enjoyed easier access to the oceans for trade with neutral countries, particularly with the United States.

Table 1 shows the population, steel production, and armed strengths of the two rival coalitions in 1914.

All the initial belligerents in World War I were self-sufficient in food except Great Britain and Germany. Great Britains industrial establishment was slightly superior to Germanys (17 percent of world trade in 1913 as compared with 12 percent for Germany), but Germanys diversified chemical industry facilitated the production of ersatz, or substitute, materials, which compensated for the worst shortages ensuing from the British wartime blockade. The German chemist Fritz Haber was already developing a process for the fixation of nitrogen from air; this process made Germany self-sufficient in explosives and thus no longer dependent on imports of nitrates from Chile.

Of all the initial belligerent nations, only Great Britain had a volunteer army, and this was quite small at the start of the war. The other nations had much larger conscript armies that required three to four years of service from able-bodied males of military age, to be followed by several years in reserve formations. Military strength on land was counted in terms of divisions composed of 12,00020,000 officers and men. Two or more divisions made up an army corps, and two or more corps made up an army. An army could thus comprise anywhere from 50,000 to 250,000 men.

The land forces of the belligerent nations at the outbreak of war in August 1914 are shown in Table 2.

The higher state of discipline, training, leadership, and armament of the German army reduced the importance of the initial numerical inferiority of the armies of the Central Powers. Because of the comparative slowness of mobilization, poor higher leadership, and lower scale of armament of the Russian armies, there was an approximate balance of forces between the Central Powers and the Allies in August 1914 that prevented either side from gaining a quick victory.

Germany and Austria also enjoyed the advantage of interior lines of communication, which enabled them to send their forces to critical points on the battlefronts by the shortest route. According to one estimate, Germanys railway network made it possible to move eight divisions simultaneously from the Western Front to the Eastern Front in four and a half days.

Even greater in importance was the advantage that Germany derived from its strong military traditions and its cadre of highly efficient and disciplined regular officers. Skilled in directing a war of movement and quick to exploit the advantages of flank attacks, German senior officers were to prove generally more capable than their Allied counterparts at directing the operations of large troop formations.

Sea power was largely reckoned in terms of capital ships, or dreadnought battleships and battle cruisers having extremely large guns. Despite intensive competition from the Germans, the British had maintained their superiority in numbers, with the result that, in capital ships, the Allies had an almost two-to-one advantage over the Central Powers.

The strength of the two principal rivals at sea, Great Britain and Germany, is compared in Table 3.

The numerical superiority of the British navy, however, was offset by the technological lead of the German navy in many categories, such as range-finding equipment, magazine protection, searchlights, torpedoes, and mines. Great Britain relied on the Royal Navy not only to ensure necessary imports of food and other supplies in wartime but also to sever the Central Powers access to the markets of the world. With superior numbers of warships, Great Britain could impose a blockade that gradually weakened Germany by preventing imports from overseas.

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World War I – Forces and resources of the combatant …

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May 29, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Watch: Dem Rep Keith Ellison Sings Song in Wig Mocking Trump

Friday at “MinnRoast,” an annual song-and-skit political variety show, DNC deputy chairman Rep. Keith Ellison (D-MN) donned a blonde wig while playing guitar and singing a mocking parody version of “Guantanamera,” about President Donald Trump. The lyrics included references to adult film actress Stormy Daniels, special counsel Robert Mueller and the Charlottesville rally violence. Ellison sang, “I’m a nice honest man. I just want straight shooting. If I want to be called a stable genius, I just call my best friend, Vlad Putin.” (h/t WFB) Follow Pam Key on Twitter @pamkeyNEN

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Watch: Dem Rep Keith Ellison Sings Song in Wig Mocking Trump

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May 22, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Donald Trump Hails First Female CIA Director Gina Haspel: ‘She Will Never, Ever Back Down’

“Our enemies will take note: Gina is tough and strong, and when it comes to defending America, she will never, ever back down,” he said.

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Donald Trump Hails First Female CIA Director Gina Haspel: ‘She Will Never, Ever Back Down’

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May 22, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Delingpole: One Year on – Britain’s Worst Terror Atrocity Has Been Airbrushed from History

Today marks the first anniversary of the worst atrocity committed on British soil in living memory: the murder of 22 innocents, most of them young girls, and the wounding or maiming of dozens more by a Muslim suicide bomber at a pop concert in Manchester.

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Delingpole: One Year on – Britain’s Worst Terror Atrocity Has Been Airbrushed from History

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May 22, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Four Young Men Stabbed in Mayor Sadiq Khan’s London in Five Days

A man was stabbed to death in a daylight attack on Monday in London – the fourth fatality from knife crime in five days in the city.

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Four Young Men Stabbed in Mayor Sadiq Khan’s London in Five Days

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May 22, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

World War I Fast Facts – CNN

The Central Powers consisted of Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany and the Ottoman Empire (now Turkey). The United States declared neutrality until German submarine warfare threatened American commercial shipping. Timeline:June 28, 1914 – Gavrilo Princip, who has ties to the Serbian terrorist-type group the Black Hand, assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. July 28, 1914 – Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. August 1, 1914 – Germany declares war on Russia. August 4, 1914 – Germany invades Belgium. President Woodrow Wilson declares that the United States is neutral. Britain declares war on Germany. August 10, 1914 – Austria-Hungary invades Russia, opening the fighting on the Eastern Front. August 26-30, 1914 – Battle of Tannenberg, Prussia. September 12, 1914 – First battle of the Aisne in France begins, marking the beginning of trench warfare. November 3, 1914 – Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire. November 5, 1914 – Great Britain and France declare war on the Ottoman Empire. April 22-May 25, 1915 – Second Battle of Ypres, marking the first wide-scale use of poison gas by Germany. May 7, 1915 – A German U-20 submarine sinks the British passenger ship, the Lusitania; 1,198 are killed, including 128 Americans. June 1915-November 1917 – Battles of the Isonzo, Italy. 1915 – Battle of Krithia, Gallipoli peninsula, Ottoman Empire. February 21-July 1916 – Battle of Verdun, France, the war’s longest battle, with almost a million casualties. May 31-June 1, 1916 – Battle of Jutland, North Sea near Denmark – a sea battle between British and German navies. July 1, 1916-November 1916 – First Battle of the Somme River, France. The British introduce the tank. June 26, 1917 – American troops begin landing in France. November 20, 1917 – Battle of Cambrai, France. December 3, 1917 – Russia signs an armistice with Germany. March 3, 1918 – Russia signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ending hostilities with the Central Powers and withdrawing Russia from this war. March 21-April 5, 1918 – Second Battle of the Somme River. September 29, 1918 – Bulgaria signs an armistice. October 30, 1918 – Ottoman Empire signs an armistice. November 3, 1918 – Austria-Hungary signs an armistice. November 11, 1918 – Germany accepts the armistice terms demanded by the Allies, ending the war.

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August 5, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

World War I Centennial | National Archives

As the largest repository of American World War I records, the National Archives invites you to browse the wealth of records and information documenting the U.S. experience in this conflict, including photographs, documents, audiovisual recordings, educational resources, articles, blog posts, lectures, and events. April 6, 2017, marks the 100th anniversary of Americas entrance into the Great War. After remaining neutral for three years, the United States reluctantly entered what was supposed to be “The War to End All Wars.” By declaring war, President Woodrow Wilson committed the nation to join the other Allied countries in their efforts to defeat the German-led Central Powers. Explore more records, information, articles and resources at the National Archives organized by subject area. Begin your research with these World War I overview guides and resources from the National Archives. The records highlighted here represent a small portion of the National Archives holdings, many of which have not yet been digitized. Contact the National Archives to plan a research visit.

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July 16, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Amazon Best Sellers: Best World War I History

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The Fading Battlefields of World War I – The Atlantic

This year will mark the passing of a full century since the end of World War Ia hundred years since the War to End All Wars. In that time, much of the battle-ravaged landscape along the Western Front has been reclaimed by nature or returned to farmland, and the scars of the war are disappearing. Some zones remain toxic a century later, and others are still littered with unexploded ordnance, closed off to the public. But across France and Belgium, significant battlefields and ruins were preserved as monuments, and farm fields that became battlegrounds ended up as vast cemeteries. In these places, the visible physical damage to the landscape remains as evidence of the phenomenal violence and destruction that took so many lives so long ago.

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June 4, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

World War I – Forces and resources of the combatant …

When war broke out, the Allied powers possessed greater overall demographic, industrial, and military resources than the Central Powers and enjoyed easier access to the oceans for trade with neutral countries, particularly with the United States. Table 1 shows the population, steel production, and armed strengths of the two rival coalitions in 1914. All the initial belligerents in World War I were self-sufficient in food except Great Britain and Germany. Great Britains industrial establishment was slightly superior to Germanys (17 percent of world trade in 1913 as compared with 12 percent for Germany), but Germanys diversified chemical industry facilitated the production of ersatz, or substitute, materials, which compensated for the worst shortages ensuing from the British wartime blockade. The German chemist Fritz Haber was already developing a process for the fixation of nitrogen from air; this process made Germany self-sufficient in explosives and thus no longer dependent on imports of nitrates from Chile. Of all the initial belligerent nations, only Great Britain had a volunteer army, and this was quite small at the start of the war. The other nations had much larger conscript armies that required three to four years of service from able-bodied males of military age, to be followed by several years in reserve formations. Military strength on land was counted in terms of divisions composed of 12,00020,000 officers and men. Two or more divisions made up an army corps, and two or more corps made up an army. An army could thus comprise anywhere from 50,000 to 250,000 men. The land forces of the belligerent nations at the outbreak of war in August 1914 are shown in Table 2. The higher state of discipline, training, leadership, and armament of the German army reduced the importance of the initial numerical inferiority of the armies of the Central Powers. Because of the comparative slowness of mobilization, poor higher leadership, and lower scale of armament of the Russian armies, there was an approximate balance of forces between the Central Powers and the Allies in August 1914 that prevented either side from gaining a quick victory. Germany and Austria also enjoyed the advantage of interior lines of communication, which enabled them to send their forces to critical points on the battlefronts by the shortest route. According to one estimate, Germanys railway network made it possible to move eight divisions simultaneously from the Western Front to the Eastern Front in four and a half days. Even greater in importance was the advantage that Germany derived from its strong military traditions and its cadre of highly efficient and disciplined regular officers. Skilled in directing a war of movement and quick to exploit the advantages of flank attacks, German senior officers were to prove generally more capable than their Allied counterparts at directing the operations of large troop formations. Sea power was largely reckoned in terms of capital ships, or dreadnought battleships and battle cruisers having extremely large guns. Despite intensive competition from the Germans, the British had maintained their superiority in numbers, with the result that, in capital ships, the Allies had an almost two-to-one advantage over the Central Powers. The strength of the two principal rivals at sea, Great Britain and Germany, is compared in Table 3. The numerical superiority of the British navy, however, was offset by the technological lead of the German navy in many categories, such as range-finding equipment, magazine protection, searchlights, torpedoes, and mines. Great Britain relied on the Royal Navy not only to ensure necessary imports of food and other supplies in wartime but also to sever the Central Powers access to the markets of the world. With superior numbers of warships, Great Britain could impose a blockade that gradually weakened Germany by preventing imports from overseas.

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May 29, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Watch: Dem Rep Keith Ellison Sings Song in Wig Mocking Trump

Friday at “MinnRoast,” an annual song-and-skit political variety show, DNC deputy chairman Rep. Keith Ellison (D-MN) donned a blonde wig while playing guitar and singing a mocking parody version of “Guantanamera,” about President Donald Trump. The lyrics included references to adult film actress Stormy Daniels, special counsel Robert Mueller and the Charlottesville rally violence. Ellison sang, “I’m a nice honest man. I just want straight shooting. If I want to be called a stable genius, I just call my best friend, Vlad Putin.” (h/t WFB) Follow Pam Key on Twitter @pamkeyNEN

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May 22, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Donald Trump Hails First Female CIA Director Gina Haspel: ‘She Will Never, Ever Back Down’

“Our enemies will take note: Gina is tough and strong, and when it comes to defending America, she will never, ever back down,” he said.

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May 22, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Delingpole: One Year on – Britain’s Worst Terror Atrocity Has Been Airbrushed from History

Today marks the first anniversary of the worst atrocity committed on British soil in living memory: the murder of 22 innocents, most of them young girls, and the wounding or maiming of dozens more by a Muslim suicide bomber at a pop concert in Manchester.

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May 22, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed

Four Young Men Stabbed in Mayor Sadiq Khan’s London in Five Days

A man was stabbed to death in a daylight attack on Monday in London – the fourth fatality from knife crime in five days in the city.

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May 22, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: World War I  Comments Closed


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