John J. Mearsheimer, The False Promise of International …

Summary:

In this article, Mearsheimer first describes the foundational assumptions of realism, the behaviours of states according to realists, and introducedthe institutionalist claim about the effects of institutions. He argued thatinstitutions have minima influence on state behavior, and thus hold little promise for promoting stability in the post-Cold War world. He does so by providing a criticism to 3 main institutionalist schools of thought: Liberal institutionalism, Collective Security, and Critical theory. Finally he concluded by commenting on the American perspective of realism.

Institutions have minimal influence on state behavior, and thus hold little promise for promoting stability in the post-Cold War world.

Institutions can overcome cheating (by constraining states)

Norms that prevent war

Genuine peace possible

The individual plays a critical role

States have mixed interest

Not sure if to cooperate or not

Power can be managed

Ideas and discourse shape the world social reality is made up of intersubjective consciousness

Long term collective interest can stop the dilemma

Institutions protect states from being cheated and punishes cheaters

Rules can change contractual environment:

Tit-for-tat strategy

Need to convince states to behave according to 3 anti-realist norms: 1) renounce use of force to change status quo 2) align interest to that of the international community and avoid self-interest in conflict. 3) States must trust each other

Institutions can alter constructive and regulative norms, and are key to enabling states to renounce use of military force

Create expectation for peace and peaceful means

Assumes that security and political economy are separate realms

Powell and Snidal: 1)Failure to account for importance of relativegains in economic and security. 2) liberalism relies on realist assumptions 3) National markets are concerned with relative gains.

Lack empirical support

Demanding requirements

Does not say what mechanisms lead to changes in ideas/what account for differences in marketplace discources

Shifting nature of intersubjective perception

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John J. Mearsheimer, The False Promise of International …

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March 1, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: John Mearsheimer |

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