Argentinas Jews had key role in Eichmanns capture, Mossad …

Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann standing in a protective glass booth flanked by Israeli police during his trial in Jerusalem, June 22, 1961. (GPO via Getty Images)

(JTA) Argentinas Jewish community gave Israels spy agency all the cars and some of the safe houses used to abduct the Nazi murderer Adolf Eichmann, a Mossad agent revealed.

Career Mossad agentAvner Avraham revealed this earlier this month, ending decades of official secrecy around the exact role of the Jewish Community of Argentina in the operation Finale, in which Mossad agents flew Eichmann from Buenos Aires to Israel in 1960 to be tried for his role in murdering hundreds of thousands of Jews during the Holocaust, for which he hanged in 1962.

The Jewish community helped. Its not something we publish but the Jewish community certainly helped the Mossad with vehicles and also with safe houses, Avraham said during a lecture he delivered earlier this month at the Mahar conference on Balkan Jews, which the Jewish community of Montenegro organized with help from the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress in the coastal city of Budva.

Efraim Zuroff, a leading hunter of Nazis for the Simon Wiesenthal Center, told JTA that, to his knowledge, the extent of the Jewish communitys involvement in Eichmanns capture an episode which led to the Israeli ambassadors expulsion from Buenos Aires and a rupture in bilateral relations had previously not been widely known.

It was know that there was some involvement, but not exactly what, he said.

Avraham in 2011 curated with permission from Mossad an exhibition on Eichmanns capture a watershed moment in Israel that many scholars identify as the episode that prompted open debate about the genocide in Israel, where it had been something of a taboo for its traumatic effects.

The exhibition, OperationFinale: The Capture &Trial of Adolf Eichmann, features a photograph of the car that was used to transport Eichmann to a safe house from the site of his abduction. The Mossad had three cars there that night.

Whereas a small number of Argentine Jews willingly helped Mossad (although they were not told exactly what the cars and safe houses were needed for, according to Avraham) as least one,LubaVolk, was used by the spy agency without her knowledge, the agent said.

The wife of an engineer who worked in an Argentine factory, Volk, who passed away, she was offered shortly before the abduction to head a regional office for Israels national airline, El Al, which was set up solely to handle the Nazis transportation to Israel. A stay-at-home mother of a three year old son, she happily accepted the offer from an El Al employee who also didnt know the real purpose of the new regional office.

She came under surveillance by local authorities after the abduction and there were fears that Nazis in Argentina might try to hurt her, so the Israeli foreign ministry advised her to leave with her husband, Aryeh Volk, who was fired following the Eichmann abduction, and their son for Uruguay.

Unfortunately, and Im very sorry to say this, the Mossad didnt really take care of her, Avraham said.

Read more:

Argentinas Jews had key role in Eichmanns capture, Mossad …

Related Post

November 28, 2017   Posted in: Mossad |

Fair Use Disclaimer

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."

Under the 'fair use' rule of copyright law, an author may make limited use of another author's work without asking permission. Fair use is based on the belief that the public is entitled to freely use portions of copyrighted materials for purposes of commentary and criticism. The fair use privilege is perhaps the most significant limitation on a copyright owner's exclusive rights.

Fair use as described at 17 U.S.C. Section 107:

"Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phono-records or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include:

  • (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for or nonprofit educational purposes,
  • (2) the nature of the copyrighted work,
  • (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole, and
  • (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work."