Archive for the ‘Tel Aviv’ Category

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Tel Aviv (Hebrew: ) is a large city in Israel.

In December 2053, the city was destroyed by a terrorist nuclear weapon, irradiating the surrounding area, and possibly even the entire country.[1]

The manual for Fallout: Brotherhood of Steel states the bombing of Tel Aviv happened in 2035.[2]

The attacks on the city may be a reference to Nevil Shute’s 1957 post-apocalyptic novel On the Beach, in which Tel Aviv is bombed by unknown forces and becomes the second city to be destroyed during the nuclear war.

Tel Aviv is mentioned only in the Fallout Bible and Fallout: Brotherhood of Steel Manual.

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July 26, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel Aviv

From the science lab to the beach, biology students share their perspective on life at NYU Tel Aviv.

At NYU Tel Aviv, students experience life in one of the world’s most intriguing and multidimensional cities. A vibrant coastal metropolis on the Mediterranean, Tel Aviv is the cultural, financial, and technological center of Israel. Students explore this truly global city and acquire a sophisticated understanding of Israel, the Middle East and the interrelationships between cultures, political movements, and religious traditions. Students benefit from high caliber local professors who teach students in areas such as journalism, politics, Hebrew and Arabic. Students connect with local culture through experiential learning/internships, partnerships with a local university and excursions to surrounding areas in Israel.

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July 25, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel Aviv Pride – Wikipedia

Tel Aviv Pride (Hebrew: , Arabic: ) is an annual, week-long series of events in Tel Aviv that celebrate Israel’s LGBT community life, scheduled during the second week of June, as part of the international observance of Gay Pride Month. The most-attended event is Pride Parade.[citation needed]

The first event that many consider to be the first ‘Pride’ event to take place in Israel was a protest in 1979 at Rabin Square. The event more closely associated with Tel Aviv Pride as it is known today was the Tel Aviv Love Parade in 1997.

The parade assembles and begins at Meir Park, then travels along Bugrashov Street, Ben Yehuda Street and Ben Gurion Boulevard, and culminates in a party in Charles Clore Park on the seafront. There were 200,000 participants reported in 2016, making it one of the largest in the world.[2] The parade is the biggest pride celebration in continental Asia, drawing more than 200,000 people in 2017, approximately 30,000 of them tourists.[3] Tel Aviv was the first location in Israel where “gay” events were organised and also the first city in Israel to host a gay pride parade.

In the early years of the Pride Parade, the majority of participants were politically motivated. Later on, as the Parade grew, people who took part came with the notion that the Parade should focus on LGBT rights, equality and equal representation, and should not be used as a stage for radical politics, which are not accepted by most of the Parade’s participants. Gradually, the Parade came to be less political due to the scale and diversity of participation. In recent years, the Parade’s reputation for inclusiveness, along with Tel Aviv’s world-class status as a gay-friendly destination and a top party city,[4] has attracted more than 100,000 participants, many of them from around the world.

By 2000, the Parade had evolved from being a political demonstration and became more of a social-entertainment event and street celebration.

The eleventh Tel Aviv Pride Parade, which took place in 2008, was accompanied by the opening of the LGBT Centre in Tel Aviv. This is the first municipal gay centre in Israel, whose purpose is to provide services specifically for members of the city’s LGBT community – such as health care, cultural events, meetings of different LGBT groups, a coffee shop, and many others.

During the 2009 Pride Parade, which coincided with the centennial celebration of Tel Aviv’s historic establishment as a city, five same-sex couples got married in what was called “the wedding of the century” by the Israeli celebrity Gal Uchovsky.

The parade on 10 June 2011 grew to an estimated 100,000 participants and included official representatives of LGBT groups from global companies such as Google and Microsoft. (Tel Aviv boasts one of the largest concentrations of hi-tech companies of any city in the world.)[5]

In 2012, the parade attracted crowds exceeding 100,000, making it again the largest gay pride event in the Middle East and Asia. The event is advertised all around the world by the Israeli Tourism Ministry, marking the city of Tel Aviv as “the” premiere LGBT tourism destination.[6]

For 2014, with an anticipated parade attendance of 150,000, a decision was made to move the after-parade beach party to Charles Clore Park (from Gordon Beach) for its much-larger space (the previous location could no longer accommodate the increasingly overwhelming crowds). The event was hosted by Israeli actress/supermodel Moran Attias, with performances by Israel’s transgender superstar Dana International, the Israeli representative for 2014’s Eurovision Song Contest Mei Feingold, and the Israeli actress/pop-rock star Ninet.

In 2017, parade route was briefly blocked by protesters against Israeli occupation of Palestinian Territories. They built a mock separation wall with inscription – Theres no pride in occupation” and did not allow the parade from proceeding for several minutes. They were immediately dispersed by police who were present.[7]

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March 30, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

TEL AVIV | ISRAEL – A TRAVEL TOUR – HD 1080P – YouTube

A walking tour around the city of Tel Aviv, Israel.

Official website and blog: http://globetrotteralpha.com/

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The film chronologically progresses from morning to the small hours of the night, showcasing daily life around Tel Aviv.

For those planning on visiting, those whod like to visit but cannot or those who might be nostalgic and want to re-live their past visits / life there, hopefully this film shall satisfy, time and time again.

Filmed in December 2010.

For more information on Tel Aviv:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Aviv

Google Maps:https://www.google.com/maps/place/Tel…

Filming Equipment:

Cameras:

– Sony HDR AX2000 – Sony Nex VG10

Camera Accessories:

– Glidecam HD-2000 hand-held camera stabilization- Glidecam HD-4000 hand-held camera stabilization – Glidecam ‘Smooth Shooter’ body mounted camera stabilization system.- Sennheiser K6 module + ME66 shotgun microphone capsule.

Editing Software:Sony Vegas Pro

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January 28, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Cheap Flights to Tel Aviv from USA and Canada | WOW air

Tel Aviv is an icon of liberal, progressive Israel, where the LGBT community is welcomed and celebrated. The city also boasts 300 days of sunshine a year, great bars, exciting nightclubs, world-class restaurants and lively flea markets.

Walking and biking is the preferred method of transportation in Tel Aviv, and with a three-mile-long beachside boardwalk, where you can cruise to your hearts desire, there is plenty of opportunities to enjoy the view. We recommend exploring the Neve Tzedek area or taking a stroll down Rothschild Boulevard, Tel Avivs main street. Both offer fascinating architecture, great restaurants, and a vibrant nightlife. Furthermore, a visit to the Sarona market is not to be missed.

The once busy Old Tel Aviv Port has gone through major revitalization since being closed in the 1960s and has turned into one of the most popular entertainment districts of the city. Cozy cafs, trendy boutiques, delectable restaurants and seaside bars now rest on the wooden docks. This is the perfect place to spend a fun and relaxed evening.

For sunbathers, the Gordon-Frishman Beach comes highly recommended. Located besideTel Avivs most popular hotel areas the beach has powdery sands and great views of the Mediterranean.

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January 17, 2018   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel Aviv & Jaffa – Jewish Virtual Library

Put simply, Tel Aviv is where the action is in Israel.

The beaches are clean and fulll of white sand, the sea enticing, the nightclubs hopping, the shopping plentiful and the restaurants appetizing. During the day, stroll down the boardwalk-style promenade or on the beach itself. At dusk, catch the nightlife scene along Dizengoff Street. Meet up at the sculpture fountain created by the acclaimed Israeli artist Yaacov Agam and go to a club, or just hang out and people-watch from an outdoor cafe. Tel Aviv is also a good base for exploring the northern and southern Mediterranean coasts.

Tel Aviv is the first all-Jewish city in modern times. Originally named Ahuzat Bayit, it was founded by 60 families in 1909 as a Jewish neighborhood near Jaffa. In 1910, the name was changed to Tel Aviv, meaning “hill of spring.” The name was taken from Ezekiel 3:15, “…and I came to the exiles at Tel Aviv,” and from a reference in Herzl’s novel Altneuland, in which he foresaw the future Jewish state as a socialist utopia.

Most Jews were expelled from Jaffa and Tel Aviv by the Turks during World War I, but returned after the war when Britain received the mandate for Palestine.

The population of Tel Aviv gradually swelled, particularly as Jews were stimulated to leave predominantly Arab Jaffa by unrest in the 1920s. Arab forces in Jaffa shelled Tel Aviv in 1948 prior to the beginning of the actual war. Jewish forces responded by capturing the city two days before declaring independence. The declaration was made in the home of the city’s mayor Meir Dizengoff.

Because Jerusalem was occupied by Jordan after Israel became an independent state in 1948, the temporary capital and home of the government offices was in Tel Aviv. Several government offices remain there and Tel Aviv is still home to foreign diplomats from countries (including the U.S.) that don’t recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

Today, Tel Aviv is Israel’s second largest city (after Jerusalem), with a population of 380,000, and among the big city problems it shares is traffic congestion. Things are more spread out in Tel Aviv than the smaller cities, but it’s still often easier — and faster — to travel by foot. Walk along the Orange Routes, for example, to get acquainted with the city. Though much of the city is a drab gray, many buildings, especially along Rothschild Boulevard, actually have an interesting architectural pedigree that can be traced to the Bauhaus architecture of pre-Nazi Germany. There are more than 5,000 Bauhaus buildings, the largest number in any one city in the world. In fact, the city’s outstanding universal value led UNESCO to recognize it as a World Heritage Site.” Tel Aviv is also known as, “The white city”, named so in account of the the bright colors of the building style: white, off-white, light yellow. There are over 1,500 buildings marked for historic conservation in Tel Aviv.

Israel Fact

Fifty percent of the polished diamonds in the world come from Israel.

Tel Aviv is the country’s business and cultural center. The Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, founded in 1953, and the Diamond Exchange, are two of major economic institutions in the city. For the arts, the Habima National Theater is excellent and the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra is world-class. The city also boasts several impressive museums and a top-flight university.

Though no Sears Tower or Empire State Building, the Azrieli Tower is the citys tallest building, at 614 feet (the tallest in the country is Migdal Shaar Ayir in nearby Ramat Gan at 801 feet). Before the Observation Floor was opened to the public, Israels highest observation deck was the 433-foot-high rooftop of the Shalom Meir Tower, which had been Israels tallest building for 34 years. Due to terrorism threats, the Azrieli Towers mall, one of the busiest in Israel, is probably the worlds most secure shopping center.

In addition to Dizengoff, other streets filled with shops, galleries and restaurants worth strolling are Allenby and Ben Yehuda streets. Off Rehov HaCarmel, for example, you’ll find an open-air market. If you walk north from Jaffa down the seashore for about an hour, you’ll reach the Tel Aviv port (Namal), a hip area of restaurants and clubs around the intersection of Dizengoff and Yirmiyahu streets.

The Tel Aviv Museum on Sderot Shaul Hamelekh is home to magnificent works of art, particularly sculpture and paintings by local artists. Another popular museum is the home of Israel’s national poet Hayyim Nahman Bialik. A small, less visited museum is devoted to Nahum Gutman, one of Israel’s most well-known artists.

David Ben-Gurion’s home in the center of Tel Aviv has also been turned into a museum. The modest digs are impressive because they show the simple way the country’s most powerful politician lived. Besides a collection of awards and gifts assembled in the house, his awesome library of 20,000 volumes remains intact, filling much of the upper floor of the house and testifying to the man’s thirst for knowledge.

A less well known museum is the Haganah Museum on Sderot Rothschild. It was set up in the apartment of the founder of the Haganah, Eliyahu Golomb. Despite being one of the most wanted men in Palestine, the British never found Golomb’s home. Additions to the building now house collections of weapons and exhibits on the struggle for independence.

One can’t miss attraction is Beth Hatefutsoth, the Museum of the Diaspora, on the campus of Tel Aviv University. It contains exhibits on the history of the Jewish people covering more than 2,500 years. The University itself is also a nice place to visit and a popular destination for foreign students spending time studying in Israel.

Tel Aviv University is in the suburb of Ramat Aviv. Another academic institution, Bar Ilan University is in the suburb of Ramat Gan. Some of the other well-known neighborhoods in Tel Aviv include the Orthodox enclave of B’nei Brak, the “Beverly Hills” of Israel, Savyon, and one Israel’s earliest modern settlements, Petah Tikvah, which was founded in 1878.

Another can’t miss museum, perhaps the most moving in Israel, is the Palmach Museum. You need a reservation, but it’s well worth it. Instead of walking through halls of exhibits, you follow a group of Palmachniks as they tell the story of their experiences during the fight for independence.

The beautiful area of Neve tzedek (Oasis of Justice) was actually the first neighborhood of Tel Aviv. It was established in 1887 on land that belonged to a political activist named Aaron Shlush. You can still see his house as well as other old buildings representative of the architecture of the early days of settlement in Israel. Don’t miss the Suzanne Dellal Center for dance and theater, the home of the world famous BatSheva Dance Company. Neve Tzedek is the home of many artists whose works are displayed throughout the area. Pull up a chair at a sidewalk cafe and relax before continuing your tour.

A few minutes walk from Neve Tzeded is the IDF museum. This is a collection of building that have exhibits on various IDF units, commanders and weapons. If you’re interested in firearms, this is the place for you. Next door is The Station, another place to shop and eat built the site of the first train station ever built in the Middle East in 1892. Replacing camels, the train took people and freight on the 35 mile journey from Jaffa to Jerusalem in just six hours. The station was no used after 1948 and was left in disrepair until opening as a museum and entertainment complex in 2010.

Jaffa has been a fortified port city overlooking the Mediterranean Sea for more than 4,000 years. It is one of the world’s most ancient towns. It has been the target of conquerors throughout the ages because of its strategic locations between Asia, Africa and Europe.

Israel Fact

According to the Bible, Jonah left from Jaffa on his fateful voyage before encountering the whale. Christians learn hat St. Peter miraculously restored life to Tabitha in Jaffa.

Up until the early 20th century, when visitors came to Palestine, they usually arrived in Jaffa. The coast there is too rocky for ships to land, so they usually had to anchor offshore and send their passengers to the port in longboats and dinghies.

Today, Jaffa is a popular tourist destination because of its beautifully restored old quarter filled with galleries, shops and restaurants. One of the few religious sites is the house of Simon the Tanner, where, according to the New Testament, Peter first realized the gospel message had to be extended beyond the confines of Judaism.

You can walk from Tel Aviv, but it’s a good 40 minutes, and once you get past the strip of hotels not as well-trafficked, especially at night. The easiest spot to locate is Hagana Square where the clock tower stands. It was built in 1906 by the Turkish Sultan, Abdul Hamid II, to commemorate his 30th anniversary as ruler.

If you head toward the minaret towering over the Mahmoudiya Mosque, you’ll find yourself in a Middle Eastern buffet, with cafes and kiosks selling all of the region’s delicacies.

The Visitors’ Center in Kedumim Square has exhibits of archaeological remains and the history of Jaffa. The square is a good place to sit and have a picnic and people watch. At night, bands often play here. The streets off the square are lined with shops, nightclubs and cafes.

The ancient port is now a modern sailing facility and a tourist attraction with restaurants and entertainment.

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January 15, 2018   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Lorde Cancels Tel Aviv Concert, Caves to Critics of Israel

Grammy winner Lorde has formally canceled her upcoming concert scheduled for Tel Aviv on June 5 after caving to anti-Israel activists and fans.

We regret to announce the cancelation of the Lorde concert in Israel planned for June, the shows organizers told Israeli media outlet YNET (viaNew Zealand Media and Entertainment). The tickets already bought will be reimbursed within 14 business days. As to the circumstances that led to the cancellation of the show, Lorde is expected to publish a statement via Twitter soon.

The singer released the following statement:

hey guys, so about this israel show ive received an overwhelming number of messages & letters and have had a lot of discussions with people holding many views, and i think the right decision at this time is to cancel the show. i pride myself on being an informed young citizen, and i had done a lot of reading and sought a lot of opinions before deciding to book a show in tel aviv, but Im not too proud to admit i didnt make the right call on this one. tel aviv, its been a dream of mine to visit this beautiful part of the world for many years, and im truly sorry to reverse my commitment to come play for you. i hope one day we can all dance. L x

Also Read: Lorde Predicted Fall of Powerful Men in Hollywood Almost a Year Ago: ‘This Came True I Guess’

IsraeliCulture Minister Miri Regev hoped Lorde would reverse her decision. Lorde, Im hoping you can be a pure heroine, like the title of your first album, be a heroine of pure culture, free from any foreign and ridiculous political considerations, she said.

Lordeannounced her 2018 Melodrama world tourback in June. A performance was scheduled for the Tel Aviv Convention Centre on June 5, 2018 at 7 p.m. ActivistsNadia Abu-Shanab (Palestinian) and Justine Sachs (Jewish)wrote a joint letter to Lordethat called for her to cancel her Israel concert stop in protest of the countrys treatment of Palestinians.

The 60th Grammy Awards nominations were a triumph for hip-hop — but beyond that, they embraced a few dark horses and ignored several favorites. Here’s the scorecard.

SURPRISE: Jay-Z, the guy with the most nominations this year, eight, was recognized in major categories (Album of the Year, Song of the Year, Record of the Year) where he was not expected to be a big contender.

SNUB: For the first time in three years, country music was shut out in the top categories, leaving the likes of Miranda Lambert and her The Weight of These Wings album out in the cold.

SURPRISE: Julia Michaels, the only white artist in the Best New Artist category also made a surprise appearance in the Song of the Year category with Issues.

SNUB: The pioneering rockers Metallica were thought to have a chance to crash the Album of the Year category with Hardwired To Self Destruct, but they ended up with a single nod in the Best Rock Song category.

SNUB: James Arthur, Logic and Cardi B. were considered likelier Best New Artist nominees, but rapper Lil Uzi Vert grabbed the final slot.

SNUB: Everybody thought Ed Sheerand be a lock for the top categories, but everybody was wrong — his album and song Shape of You shockingly landed a paltry two nominations in the pop categories.

SURPRISE: Its not a surprise that the deep-voiced bard was nominated for his final album, but its delicious to find Leonard Cohen competing against Chris Cornell and Foo Fighters in the Best Rock Performance category, and against Alabama Shakes and Blind Boys of Alabama for Best American Roots Performance.

SNUB: Lady Gaga was thought to be a Song of the Year contender for Million Reasons and an Album of the Year contender for Joanne, but couldnt get noms outside the pop categories.

SURPRISE: Senator Bernie Sanders lost in the primaries but is now nominated for Best Spoken Word Album for Our Revolution: A Future to Believe In. This time, hes competing against Bruce Springsteen and Carrie Fisher.

SNUB: Kesha did get two pop nominations for her album Rainbow and song Praying, but she had Song of the Year and Record of the Year aspirations.

SURPRISE: Childish Gambino, the name used by actor Donald Glover in his musical career, wasnt expected to contend in the Album of the Year and Record of the Year categories, but his album Awaken My Love and song Redbone were both nominees.

SNUB: We wont really know if Grammy voters have cooled on Taylor Swift until next year, when her album Reputation is eligible. But the singles Look What You Made Me Do was eligible, and it was shut out.

Voters loved Julia Michaels, Childish Gambino and Bernie Sanders (!), but didnt embrace Tayor Swift, Lady Gaga or country music

The 60th Grammy Awards nominations were a triumph for hip-hop — but beyond that, they embraced a few dark horses and ignored several favorites. Here’s the scorecard.

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December 23, 2017   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Thousands protest against Netanyahu in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem …

Interested in Israel?Add Israel as an interest to stay up to date on the latest Israel news, video, and analysis from ABC News.

Thousands of Israelis are rallying in the streets of Tel Aviv calling on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to resign over alleged corruption for the fourth consecutive week, while hundreds more gathered in Jerusalem for the first time in an anti-corruption demonstration.

Israeli Police said several thousand people massed in central Tel Aviv on Saturday in the latest protest against the premier. Several hundred more attended a right-wing anti-corruption rally in Jerusalem, with speeches headlined by former defense minister Moshe Yaalon. Protesters in Jerusalem held signs reading “not right, not left, just straight.”

Police have questioned Netanyahu at least seven times, investigating two corruption allegations surrounding the four-term Israeli leader.

They have said they suspect him of being involved in bribery, fraud and breach of trust. Netanyahu has denied any wrongdoing.

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December 23, 2017   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel AvivYafo | Israel | Britannica.com

Tel AvivYafo, Yafo also spelled Jaffa or Joppa, Arabic Yfa, major city and economic centre in Israel, situated on the Mediterranean coast some 40 miles (60 km) northwest of Jerusalem. Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 as a Jewish garden suburb of the ancient Mediterranean port of Jaffa (now Yafo), with which it was joined in 1950. By the beginning of the 21st century, the modern city of Tel Aviv had developed into a major economic and cultural centre. Tel Aviv is headquarters for a number of government ministries, including the Ministry of Defense, as well as other public organizations such as the Histadrut (General Federation of Labour); most of the foreign embassies in Israel are also located in the city. In addition, most of Israels large corporations are headquartered in Tel Aviv.

Tel Avivs rapid growth and emergence as a prominent centre was largely due to its advantageous location. Proximity to the old city of Jaffa (whose port served as the gateway to Jerusalem, farther inland) and a Jewish rural-agricultural hinterland were important in Tel Avivs early stages, as was its status as the first modern Jewish city in Palestine. In the mid-1930s Tel Aviv surpassed Jerusalem as the largest city in Palestine (after 1948, the State of Israel). In the mid-1970s, however, Jerusalem exceeded Tel Aviv, which continues to be the countrys second largest city. Tel Aviv forms the core of Israels largest metropolitan area, representing more than two-fifths of Israels population. Despite some decrease in its share of Israels population, the economic and cultural prominence of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area continue to grow. Area city, 20 square miles (52 square km); metropolitan area, 586 square miles (1,518 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) city, 384,400; metropolitan area, 3,098,400.

Tel Avivs character is frequently contrasted to that of Jerusalem. Tel Aviv is depicted as the city that never stops, a thriving, vibrant, modern, dynamic, and multicultural city, one generally characterized as tolerant, secular, and liberal, while also materialistic and hedonistica city of the present, lacking deep historical roots. Jerusalem, by contrast, is seen as eternal and holy, conservative, and an arena for major conflicts within Israeli society, including that between Israelis and Palestinians. It has been said by some that while Jerusalem prays, Tel Aviv plays.

In the past Tel Aviv was negatively portrayed as a city that lacked character and was unpleasantly humid, ugly, and prematurely aging, with decaying buildings covered in peeling stucco and small business blocks of stained concrete. However, these representations lost much ground during the last quarter of the 20th century, partly the result of substantial beautification effortsthe most significant of which included a new orientation toward the beach, an area that had decayed for decades. Whereas past perceptions marked Tel Aviv as the stronghold of the non-pioneering segment of Israeli society, later views have come to acknowledge Tel Avivs importance as the engine of the Israeli economy, and its rich cultural and entertainment amenities have been increasingly appreciated. Emerging civic pride has been based on the quality of life offered in the city and its metropolitan area.

Tel Aviv is located on Israels central coastal plain along about 9 miles (15 km) of shoreline. The old city of Jaffa is situated on a promontory bounded by the Mediterranean coastline to the west and north; its small bay was the location of a port in ancient times. Sand dunes and marshy areas made access difficult from the south and southeast. Lying northeast of Yafo, Tel Aviv is built over three low ridges of soft sandstone hills that run almost parallel to the coastline. A narrow belt of small sand dunes covering the westernmost of these ridges expands inland where gaps in the relief occur. More sandstone ridges lie to the east, and the suburban, built-up area now spreads beyond them into the rich agricultural land of the coastal plain. The Yarqon (Yarkon) River bounds the central part of Tel Aviv to the north. The river was severely polluted by sewage and other waste during the latter half of the 20th century, and cleanup efforts since the 1990s have worked to rehabilitate the Yarqon and draw recreation back to its banks. Ayalon Streamdry for much of the year, though it has caused floods in the pastflows northward to the Yarqon; it delimits central Tel Aviv to the east and forms a canal in the median of the Netivei Ayalon, a freeway that cuts through Tel Aviv from south to north. A portion of the Tel AvivYafo municipality extends east of the Ayalon, and a larger part extends north of the Yarqon River.

Tel Aviv has a typical Mediterranean climate with distinct summer and winter seasons and less distinct intermediate seasons. The weather is mild, with no major natural hazards. The long summers are warm and humid and are without rain. Temperatures in August, the warmest month, reach an average maximum of 86 F (30 C) and an average minimum of 75 F (24 C); temperatures exceeding 95 F (35 C) are rare owing to the moderating effect of the sea. Winters are cool and pleasant, with temperatures in January, the coolest month, averaging a maximum of 64 F (18 C) and a minimum of 50 F (10 C), with temperatures seldom falling below 41 F (5 C). Precipitation is largely confined to winter months (primarily November to March), with the mean annual precipitation averaging about 21 inches (530 mm). Snow is an unusual occurrence in Tel Aviv, which experienced only one significant snowfall in the 20th century.

Tel Aviv lacks remarkable natural features and historically was not renowned for its architecture. Typical buildings in neighbourhoods throughout the metropolitan area have been three- and four-story flat-roofed apartment houses of concrete and cement brick, covered in stucco and standing on narrow pillars with a small green space or parking lot. However, Tel Avivs architectural heritage has been increasingly acknowledged since the late 20th century, and its aesthetics and architectural variety have attracted greater appreciation. Some of Tel Avivs most significant architectural heritage consists of buildings from the 1930s and 40s, designed in the International Style, which was influenced by the Bauhaus school; Tel Aviv is considered to have the greatest concentration of such buildings worldwide. The White City, as about 4,000 such buildings are collectively known, was constructed in Tel Aviv by European-trained architects between the early 1930s and the late 40s and was based on the urban plan of Scottish sociologist Sir Patrick Geddes. The White Citys simple, functional style has become renowned for its consideration of the culture, climate, and needs of its inhabitants. The White City was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2003.

High-rise construction largely commenced during the 1960s. Tel Avivs first skyscraper, Shalom Meir Tower, which contains more than 30 floors and stands 466 feet (142 metres) tall, was built in 1965 on the site of the demolished Herzliya High School at the heart of Tel Avivs original core neighbourhood. Commercial and residential high-rises have been built in subsequent decades throughout the central part of the city. A concentration of skyscrapers evolved in the Diamond Exchange area in Ramat Gan, across the municipal boundary to the east. The Azrieli Centres group of three towersone circular, one triangular, and one squarestand along the Netivei Ayalon freeway in Tel Aviv and have become landmarks of the citys skyline.

Over time, Tel Avivs central business district has progressed steadily northward from the historical nucleus of Herzl Street. The district first moved to Allenby Street, which was eventually regarded as the old central business district after its decline in the second half of the 20th century, though it remained the location of the headquarters of Israels major banks. Upscale fashion shops, restaurants, and entertainment venues, however, moved farther north to Dizengoff Street, whose prominent feature was Dizengoff Square, a circular plaza and Tel Aviv focal point after its establishment in the 1930s. Dizengoff Street has gradually declined since the 1970s; some upscale shops moved to locations such as Hamedina Square (Kikar Ha-Medinah) farther north, but the main reason for the transformation has been linked to the rise of shopping malls. The first mall, Dizengoff Centre, opened in the late 1970s within the central business district, but initially it experienced difficulties. Kanyon Ayalon, the areas first shopping mall to follow the North American model, opened in the inner suburb of Ramat Gan in the mid-1980s; a significant success, it was followed by the establishment of numerous suburban shopping malls, big-box retailers (such as warehouse clubs), and power centres (a variation on the strip mall involving a collection of retailers on a single property). Two large shopping malls, the Azrieli Mall and the Ramat Aviv, were established within the city of Tel Aviv.

From the 1970s the proportion of people employed within the city centre began a trend of steady decrease as many businesses began favouring the citys outer rings. Like the shops, office concentrations also largely shifted out of the central business district, many of these at first moving to the upscale residential inner north. The municipality building was also built in that area, adjacent to Yitzhak Rabin Square, a centre of public demonstrations and diverse cultural events and the site of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabins assassination in 1995. Attempts to expand office development near the coast north of Yafo were largely unsuccessful because of the regions proximity to low-status areas as well as its inferior accessibility. Instead, the area adjacent to the Netivei Ayalon freeway proved to be a successful magnet for office development, in part because of the freeway, which passes along the edge of central Tel Aviv and provides superior accessibility. Tel Aviv was late to acknowledge this potential; as a result, much of this development took place in nearby Ramat Gan. Suburbanization of office space has been slower than that of retail space, with no real edge cities evolving until the beginning of the 21st century.

A manufacturing belt first evolved in the low-lying areas northeast of Yafo and near the Ayalon Stream. Manufacturing decentralized early and extensively. High-technology enterprises later developed in northern Tel Aviv, with major concentrations of high-technology industries developing in suburbs such as Herzliyya and Nes Ziyyona.

A run-down, deteriorating neighbourhood until the 1960s, old Yafo and its harbour have since been developed into a tourist enclave. In the early 1980s, following years of neglect, the promenade along the Tel Aviv beach was rebuilt, and a line of high-rise hotels was constructed along the coast; these waterfront features have become landmarks and the hub of the citys tourist activity. Parks, public gardens, and groves dot Tel Avivs municipal area; they vary in size and accessibility across the city, as parts of the north generally have more open public space per resident than do the city centre and the south. The main park areas are located near the Yarqon River, including Ha-Yarqon (Hayarkon) Park; the Israel Trade Fairs and Convention Center at the Exhibition Groundsone of Israels largest exhibition centresstands adjacent to this park. Other large parks, including Wolfson Park and Begin Park, are located in the south. Some of the suburbs are better endowed with green space, including the Raananna Park as well as the National Park in Ramat Gan. Adjacent to the National Park is the Safari, Israels largest zoo, which at the beginning of the 21st century housed one of the Middle Easts largest animal collections.

At the beginning of the 20th century about 40,000 inhabitants, roughly four-fifths Arab, resided in Jaffa. Tel Avivs population, by contrast, numbered approximately 1,500 in 1914 and was almost wholly Jewish. It enjoyed substantial growth after World War I, tripling over a period of six years during the 1930s to 150,000 inhabitants. Jaffas population grew more slowly but reached about 100,000 in 1947, with Jews representing roughly one-third of the population. Since the cities amalgamation in 1950, the population of Tel AvivYafo has fluctuated; it reached a peak in the 1960s and then declined gradually until the 1980s. The population expanded again in the early 1990s because of the influx of immigrants from the former Soviet Union and stabilized in the mid-1990s at about 350,000 inhabitants, though it is thought that non-Jewish foreign workers may be undercounted. During the intifah (Arabic: shaking off) and subsequent terror attacks in the 1990s, the number of both legal and illegal foreign workers in Tel Aviv grew markedly as the Arab workforce from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip became more scarce, in part because of border closures and bans on Palestinian employment.

Jews represent the vast majority of Tel Avivs population. Tel Avivs Jewish populace is considered to be largely secular, although a significant minority is religious. Arabsmainly Muslims, as well as a number of Christiansaccount for a very small fraction of the population. The citys population is substantially more affluent than the national average, and the size of its average household is typically smaller. The city has a rather high proportion of both elderly residents and single-parent families compared with the Israeli and metropolitan averages. Low natural increase and negative migration balance account for the modest population growth in the city proper. Nevertheless, the larger metropolitan area has grown rapidly and continuously, both in area and in population. It is predominantly Jewish, with Arabs representing less than 5 percent of the population.

Tel Avivs social geography is characterized by its north-south divide. The wealthiest neighbourhoods are situated north of the Yarqon River, but the old north (south of the Yarqon; previously the northern edge of the city, before it expanded beyond the river) is also upscale. The poorest neighbourhoods are largely located in the south, although some areas have gentrified. The Ha-Tiqwa (Hatikva) neighbourhood and Kefar Shalem, the former Arab village of Salamah, are among the more impoverished neighbourhoods, largely inhabited by Jews originating from Arabic-speaking countries. Parts of the inner south have developed into enclaves of mostly poor foreign workers. The poor Arab community is concentrated in parts of Yafo. Population densities in Tel Aviv, though high on the whole, are lower than those in many European cities, in part because the citys buildings do not form continuous rows along the streets.

The north-south divide is also evident in the suburbs, which, although largely middle class, are still heterogeneous; these range from the small, wealthy suburb of Savyon to the poorer cities of Lod and Ramla, from the highly religious Jewish city of Bene Beraq to Arab centres, as well as areas populated largely by immigrants from the former Soviet Union. To the east and south, Tel Aviv blends into a continuous built-up area, including the cities of Ramat Gan, Givatayim, Bene Beraq, Bat Yam, and Holon. Major outer suburbs include Herzliyya and Netanya to the north, Peta Tiqwa and Modiin to the east, and Rishon Leiyyon and Ashdod to the south. Rural settlements in the vicinity of Tel Aviv, including cooperative agricultural settlements such as kibbutzim and moshavim, are also becoming increasingly suburbanized, and the expanding Tel Aviv metropolis continues to approach the fringe areas of the Jerusalem and Haifa metropolitan areas.

Tel Aviv forms the core of Israels postindustrial, globally oriented economy. Its dominance in Israels economic life is made clearly evident by the fact that, although only a small fraction of Israels population resides in Tel Aviv, almost one-sixth of all jobs in Israel are located in the city. Furthermore, some two-fifths of all the countrys jobs in banking, insurance, and financethe citys leading sectorsare located in Tel Aviv. Nearly all banks and insurance companies operating in the country are headquartered in the city, and Israels only stock exchange is located there as well.

Greater Tel Aviv is a leading centre of retail and wholesale trade, and, though tourism is a significant sector, Tel Aviv is not Israels prime tourist destination. The manufacturing sector has declined because of suburbanization and dispersal to peripheral regions; however, Greater Tel Aviv has retained a role as a thriving, innovative, high-technology industrial centre of substantial global significance.

As Israels major transportation hub, Tel Aviv largely depends on motor vehicle transportation, including an extensive bus system. Commuters are increasingly served by a system of suburban trains, and plans for a light-rail system have progressed. Israels main international airport is located in Tel Avivs southeastern vicinity, and the important port of Ashdod is located on the southern edge of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area.

Attempts to promote the dispersal of population and industry toward peripheral regions and to curb the expansion of the Tel Aviv metropolis have had only limited effects. Some movement has occurred, but much of it has been little more than the spread of suburbanization into new rings of the expanding metropolitan area; the metropolitan region on the whole continues to be a magnet for leading economic activities, innovation, and entrepreneurship.

The Tel Aviv metropolitan area includes about 70 local authorities, each of which is governed by a mayor and council elected for a five-year term. The metropolitan area lacks formal coordination among its local authorities, although limited collaboration exists, particularly the organization that oversees sewage disposal. Some of Israels most renowned hospitals are located in Greater Tel Aviv. The area is also home to several universities. Located in the northern part of the city is Tel Aviv University (founded 1953). Two other leading institutes of higher education in Greater Tel Aviv are Bar-Ilan University (founded 1953), a religious university in Ramat Gan, and the Weizmann Institute of Science (founded 1949) in Rehovot. A large number of new colleges, many of them private, have been established in Greater Tel Aviv since the 1980s.

As Israels most prominent centre of culture and entertainment, Tel Aviv is home to most of the countrys theatres, including the Habima National Theatre, as well as the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, the New Israeli Opera (housed in the Tel Aviv Performing Arts Centre), and most of Israels dance companies. More than one-third of all performances and exhibitions in Israel are held in Tel Aviv, and the city hosts three of Israels eight largest museums: the Eretz Israel (Land of Israel) Museum, with its diverse collections in archaeology, Judaica, ethnography, and material culture; the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, exhibiting Israeli as well as American and European works; and the Diaspora Museum, devoted to the history of the Jewish people in the Diaspora. Tel Aviv is also an important communications hub: the majority of Israels newspapersincluding Haaretz (The Land), Maariv (Evening Prayer), and Yedioth Aharonoth (Yediot Aaronot, Latest News)and periodicals are published in the city, and it is also the location of most publishing houses, the armed forces broadcasting facilities, and radio and television studios.

Tel Aviv has several sporting arenas. Israels principal athletic stadium, the National Stadium, with a capacity of more than 40,000, is located in nearby Ramat Gan; the largest football (soccer) stadium in Tel Aviv is Bloomfield Stadium, which has a seating capacity of about 16,500. The countrys largest basketball arena is also in Tel Aviv and is host to Maccabi Tel Aviv, the dominant Israeli basketball team and winner of many national championships and a number of European titles. The citys major football teams, Hapoel Tel Aviv and Maccabi Tel Aviv, as well as several other teams, usually play in Israels premier league.

An old Canaanite city, Jaffa was taken by Thuti, general of Thutmose III of Egypt, in the 15th century bce and became a provincial capital during the Egyptian New Kingdom. The Israelite kings David and Solomon occupied it, the latter using it as the port for landing Lebanon timber that floated down the coast from Tyre. Later Jaffa was ruled by the Persians, but by about 350 bce it is recorded as independent. After Alexander the Greats conquest, the Ptolemies held it. In 68 ce the Roman emperor Vespasian captured it on his way to Jerusalem; by that time the superior artificial harbour and port city of Caesarea to the north was already bringing decline to Jaffa, which, by comparison, was an inadequate port. The Crusaders captured the city in 1126 but lost it to Saladin in 1187. In 1191 it was recaptured by Richard I of England, but by 1197 it had been retaken by Saladins brother, al-Malik al-dil (honorific: Sayf al-Dn, Sword of the Faith). Jaffa was razed by the Mamlks of Egypt in 1345 because of a threatened new Crusade, but, toward the end of the 17th century, it began to develop again as a seaport.

During the course of the 19th century, Jaffa grew from a tiny town into the regions most important port and, after Jerusalem, the second most important city. Surrounded by productive agricultural hinterland, Jaffa was enhanced by its location on the junction of the coastal road and the road to Jerusalem, allowing it to serve as both an important hub for the export of citrus fruit and the gateway for pilgrims to Jerusalem and to the larger Holy Land. With the start of Jewish-Zionist immigration, Jaffa became the cultural and educational centre of the immigrant population and included two Jewish neighbourhoods, Newe edeq and Newe Shalom, which were established in northern Jaffa in the late 19th century.

Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 as a Jewish suburb of the mainly Arab Jaffa. It was named for Theodor Herzls novel Altneuland (1902), translated into Hebrew as Tel Aviv (Spring Hill), in which Herzl, the founder of the political form of Zionism, put forth his ideas for a new Jewish state. The name also has a biblical association, having been mentioned in the Book of Ezekiel as a settlement of exiled Jews in Babylonia (see Babylonian Exile). Tel Avivs founders were mainly middle-class immigrants who set out to build a European-style suburb with straight, wide streets, parks, and modern urban infrastructure and services. The new suburb was to be run by an elected autonomous local council, although nominally it was part of Jaffa. In 1917 the entire population of Tel Aviv and the Jewish population of nearby Jaffa were expelled northward by the Turkish military authorities, who suspected their sympathies were with the advancing British army. The citys residents returned home in late 1917, after Jaffa and Tel Aviv were taken by the British.

Growth during the period of the British mandate in Palestine was largely influenced by waves of Jewish immigration into Palestine and by rounds of violence between Arabs and Jews. Substantial levels of Jewish immigration led to rapid population growth and construction booms; middle-class immigrants from Poland and Germany arriving with capital were particularly prominent in these waves. Violent exchanges between Arabs and Jews in 1921, 1929, and 193639 led to an increasing separation between the two populations. The anti-Jewish riots of 1921, in which Arabs attacked the Jewish population of Jaffa, led thousands of Jews to leave the city for Tel Aviv, prompting most Jewish businesses to move there as well. Separation between Arabs and Jews was virtually completed in 193639 when a general strike in the port of Jaffa led to the establishment of a separate port in Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv was granted township status in 1921 and full municipal (city) status in 1934, with Meir Dizengoff serving as the citys first mayor.

Tel Avivs status as the first urban territory in Palestine managed by Jews contributed to its appeal to Jewish immigrants in the 1920s and 30s. It was in this period that Tel Aviv emerged as the economic, cultural, political, and military centre of the Jewish population in Palestine. Theatres were established, many important writers took up residence in the city, and the first trade fair took place in the early 1930s. The historical nucleus of Tel Aviv developed into a thriving business centre. By 1933 the population of Tel Aviv surpassed that of Jaffa, then an Arab economic core and one of the largest Arab communities in Palestine, to become Palestines largest and most important city.

According to the United Nations 1947 resolution on the partition of Palestine, Jaffa was meant to remain an Arab enclave within the Jewish state. However, in May of 1948, days prior to Israels declaration of independence and the beginning of the Arab-Israeli wars, the Jewish military forces of the Haganah and Irgun Zvai Leumi took control of Jaffa, and the Arab-majority population of about 65,000 fled. Jewish immigrants soon settled in the largely deserted city. Jaffa was amalgamated with Tel Aviv in 1950, and the united municipality became officially known as Tel AvivYafo. Tel Avivs municipal boundaries were further expanded to encompass several Arab villages and a number of Jewish neighbourhoods; additional land north of the Yarqon River was annexed in the 1950s. The citys growth dwindled when no more land could be annexed and public construction projects for the absorption of immigrants were moved to locations outside the city, where land prices were cheaper. Port operations in Yafo and Tel Aviv harbours ceased upon the inauguration of the modern port in nearby Ashdod in 1965. Shlomo Lahat, the prominent Tel Aviv mayor who governed the city between 1974 and 1993, initiated large-scale development projects at great expense in order to boost the image of Tel Aviv and the quality of life in the city.

In the turbulent 1990s, Tel Aviv experienced renewed growth and economic restructuring, as well as security problems associated with the Israeli-Arab conflict and peace process. During these years, absorption of immigrants from the former Soviet Union, an influx of foreign workers, and the gentrification of older parts of central Tel Aviv led to a modest growth in population. Greater Tel Aviv benefitted substantially from the renewed and rapid growth of the Israeli economy. The city acted as the hub for foreign investors entering the Israeli economy in that decade and served as the crux of the real estate boom and of the proliferation of high-technology start-ups. However, Tel Aviv suffered a number of violent attacks; among them were Iraqi missile assaults during the Persian Gulf War (in 1991; causing more panic than damage) as well as several terrorist attacks (including those in 1996, 2001, 2003, and 2006) that accompanied the collapse of the peace process associated with the Oslo Accords. The renewed conflict contributed in part to a significant economic downturn in the early 21st century that was further exacerbated by a global crisis in high-technology industries. However, Tel Avivs economy soon recovered, and the city witnessed a real estate boom. Tel Aviv and its metropolitan area have continued to draw talent and economic and cultural focus from other parts of Israel, leading to raised concerns of an unprecedented level of polarization.

Link:
Tel AvivYafo | Israel | Britannica.com

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December 16, 2017   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel Aviv | Fallout Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia

Mentioned-only settlement Tel Aviv (Hebrew: ) is a large city in Israel. In December 2053, the city was destroyed by a terrorist nuclear weapon, irradiating the surrounding area, and possibly even the entire country.[1] The manual for Fallout: Brotherhood of Steel states the bombing of Tel Aviv happened in 2035.[2] The attacks on the city may be a reference to Nevil Shute’s 1957 post-apocalyptic novel On the Beach, in which Tel Aviv is bombed by unknown forces and becomes the second city to be destroyed during the nuclear war. Tel Aviv is mentioned only in the Fallout Bible and Fallout: Brotherhood of Steel Manual.

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July 26, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel Aviv

From the science lab to the beach, biology students share their perspective on life at NYU Tel Aviv. At NYU Tel Aviv, students experience life in one of the world’s most intriguing and multidimensional cities. A vibrant coastal metropolis on the Mediterranean, Tel Aviv is the cultural, financial, and technological center of Israel. Students explore this truly global city and acquire a sophisticated understanding of Israel, the Middle East and the interrelationships between cultures, political movements, and religious traditions. Students benefit from high caliber local professors who teach students in areas such as journalism, politics, Hebrew and Arabic. Students connect with local culture through experiential learning/internships, partnerships with a local university and excursions to surrounding areas in Israel.

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July 25, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel Aviv Pride – Wikipedia

Tel Aviv Pride (Hebrew: , Arabic: ) is an annual, week-long series of events in Tel Aviv that celebrate Israel’s LGBT community life, scheduled during the second week of June, as part of the international observance of Gay Pride Month. The most-attended event is Pride Parade.[citation needed] The first event that many consider to be the first ‘Pride’ event to take place in Israel was a protest in 1979 at Rabin Square. The event more closely associated with Tel Aviv Pride as it is known today was the Tel Aviv Love Parade in 1997. The parade assembles and begins at Meir Park, then travels along Bugrashov Street, Ben Yehuda Street and Ben Gurion Boulevard, and culminates in a party in Charles Clore Park on the seafront. There were 200,000 participants reported in 2016, making it one of the largest in the world.[2] The parade is the biggest pride celebration in continental Asia, drawing more than 200,000 people in 2017, approximately 30,000 of them tourists.[3] Tel Aviv was the first location in Israel where “gay” events were organised and also the first city in Israel to host a gay pride parade. In the early years of the Pride Parade, the majority of participants were politically motivated. Later on, as the Parade grew, people who took part came with the notion that the Parade should focus on LGBT rights, equality and equal representation, and should not be used as a stage for radical politics, which are not accepted by most of the Parade’s participants. Gradually, the Parade came to be less political due to the scale and diversity of participation. In recent years, the Parade’s reputation for inclusiveness, along with Tel Aviv’s world-class status as a gay-friendly destination and a top party city,[4] has attracted more than 100,000 participants, many of them from around the world. By 2000, the Parade had evolved from being a political demonstration and became more of a social-entertainment event and street celebration. The eleventh Tel Aviv Pride Parade, which took place in 2008, was accompanied by the opening of the LGBT Centre in Tel Aviv. This is the first municipal gay centre in Israel, whose purpose is to provide services specifically for members of the city’s LGBT community – such as health care, cultural events, meetings of different LGBT groups, a coffee shop, and many others. During the 2009 Pride Parade, which coincided with the centennial celebration of Tel Aviv’s historic establishment as a city, five same-sex couples got married in what was called “the wedding of the century” by the Israeli celebrity Gal Uchovsky. The parade on 10 June 2011 grew to an estimated 100,000 participants and included official representatives of LGBT groups from global companies such as Google and Microsoft. (Tel Aviv boasts one of the largest concentrations of hi-tech companies of any city in the world.)[5] In 2012, the parade attracted crowds exceeding 100,000, making it again the largest gay pride event in the Middle East and Asia. The event is advertised all around the world by the Israeli Tourism Ministry, marking the city of Tel Aviv as “the” premiere LGBT tourism destination.[6] For 2014, with an anticipated parade attendance of 150,000, a decision was made to move the after-parade beach party to Charles Clore Park (from Gordon Beach) for its much-larger space (the previous location could no longer accommodate the increasingly overwhelming crowds). The event was hosted by Israeli actress/supermodel Moran Attias, with performances by Israel’s transgender superstar Dana International, the Israeli representative for 2014’s Eurovision Song Contest Mei Feingold, and the Israeli actress/pop-rock star Ninet. In 2017, parade route was briefly blocked by protesters against Israeli occupation of Palestinian Territories. They built a mock separation wall with inscription – Theres no pride in occupation” and did not allow the parade from proceeding for several minutes. They were immediately dispersed by police who were present.[7] Template:Commons category inlne

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March 30, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

TEL AVIV | ISRAEL – A TRAVEL TOUR – HD 1080P – YouTube

A walking tour around the city of Tel Aviv, Israel. Official website and blog: http://globetrotteralpha.com/ Join us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/GlobeTrotter… Check us out on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/globetrotte… Help me create the next travel videos by showing your support: https://www.patreon.com/globetrottera… The film chronologically progresses from morning to the small hours of the night, showcasing daily life around Tel Aviv. For those planning on visiting, those whod like to visit but cannot or those who might be nostalgic and want to re-live their past visits / life there, hopefully this film shall satisfy, time and time again. Filmed in December 2010. For more information on Tel Aviv:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Aviv Google Maps:https://www.google.com/maps/place/Tel… Filming Equipment: Cameras: – Sony HDR AX2000 – Sony Nex VG10 Camera Accessories: – Glidecam HD-2000 hand-held camera stabilization- Glidecam HD-4000 hand-held camera stabilization – Glidecam ‘Smooth Shooter’ body mounted camera stabilization system.- Sennheiser K6 module + ME66 shotgun microphone capsule. Editing Software:Sony Vegas Pro

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January 28, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Cheap Flights to Tel Aviv from USA and Canada | WOW air

Tel Aviv is an icon of liberal, progressive Israel, where the LGBT community is welcomed and celebrated. The city also boasts 300 days of sunshine a year, great bars, exciting nightclubs, world-class restaurants and lively flea markets. Walking and biking is the preferred method of transportation in Tel Aviv, and with a three-mile-long beachside boardwalk, where you can cruise to your hearts desire, there is plenty of opportunities to enjoy the view. We recommend exploring the Neve Tzedek area or taking a stroll down Rothschild Boulevard, Tel Avivs main street. Both offer fascinating architecture, great restaurants, and a vibrant nightlife. Furthermore, a visit to the Sarona market is not to be missed. The once busy Old Tel Aviv Port has gone through major revitalization since being closed in the 1960s and has turned into one of the most popular entertainment districts of the city. Cozy cafs, trendy boutiques, delectable restaurants and seaside bars now rest on the wooden docks. This is the perfect place to spend a fun and relaxed evening. For sunbathers, the Gordon-Frishman Beach comes highly recommended. Located besideTel Avivs most popular hotel areas the beach has powdery sands and great views of the Mediterranean.

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January 17, 2018   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel Aviv & Jaffa – Jewish Virtual Library

Put simply, Tel Aviv is where the action is in Israel. The beaches are clean and fulll of white sand, the sea enticing, the nightclubs hopping, the shopping plentiful and the restaurants appetizing. During the day, stroll down the boardwalk-style promenade or on the beach itself. At dusk, catch the nightlife scene along Dizengoff Street. Meet up at the sculpture fountain created by the acclaimed Israeli artist Yaacov Agam and go to a club, or just hang out and people-watch from an outdoor cafe. Tel Aviv is also a good base for exploring the northern and southern Mediterranean coasts. Tel Aviv is the first all-Jewish city in modern times. Originally named Ahuzat Bayit, it was founded by 60 families in 1909 as a Jewish neighborhood near Jaffa. In 1910, the name was changed to Tel Aviv, meaning “hill of spring.” The name was taken from Ezekiel 3:15, “…and I came to the exiles at Tel Aviv,” and from a reference in Herzl’s novel Altneuland, in which he foresaw the future Jewish state as a socialist utopia. Most Jews were expelled from Jaffa and Tel Aviv by the Turks during World War I, but returned after the war when Britain received the mandate for Palestine. The population of Tel Aviv gradually swelled, particularly as Jews were stimulated to leave predominantly Arab Jaffa by unrest in the 1920s. Arab forces in Jaffa shelled Tel Aviv in 1948 prior to the beginning of the actual war. Jewish forces responded by capturing the city two days before declaring independence. The declaration was made in the home of the city’s mayor Meir Dizengoff. Because Jerusalem was occupied by Jordan after Israel became an independent state in 1948, the temporary capital and home of the government offices was in Tel Aviv. Several government offices remain there and Tel Aviv is still home to foreign diplomats from countries (including the U.S.) that don’t recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Today, Tel Aviv is Israel’s second largest city (after Jerusalem), with a population of 380,000, and among the big city problems it shares is traffic congestion. Things are more spread out in Tel Aviv than the smaller cities, but it’s still often easier — and faster — to travel by foot. Walk along the Orange Routes, for example, to get acquainted with the city. Though much of the city is a drab gray, many buildings, especially along Rothschild Boulevard, actually have an interesting architectural pedigree that can be traced to the Bauhaus architecture of pre-Nazi Germany. There are more than 5,000 Bauhaus buildings, the largest number in any one city in the world. In fact, the city’s outstanding universal value led UNESCO to recognize it as a World Heritage Site.” Tel Aviv is also known as, “The white city”, named so in account of the the bright colors of the building style: white, off-white, light yellow. There are over 1,500 buildings marked for historic conservation in Tel Aviv. Israel Fact Fifty percent of the polished diamonds in the world come from Israel. Tel Aviv is the country’s business and cultural center. The Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, founded in 1953, and the Diamond Exchange, are two of major economic institutions in the city. For the arts, the Habima National Theater is excellent and the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra is world-class. The city also boasts several impressive museums and a top-flight university. Though no Sears Tower or Empire State Building, the Azrieli Tower is the citys tallest building, at 614 feet (the tallest in the country is Migdal Shaar Ayir in nearby Ramat Gan at 801 feet). Before the Observation Floor was opened to the public, Israels highest observation deck was the 433-foot-high rooftop of the Shalom Meir Tower, which had been Israels tallest building for 34 years. Due to terrorism threats, the Azrieli Towers mall, one of the busiest in Israel, is probably the worlds most secure shopping center. In addition to Dizengoff, other streets filled with shops, galleries and restaurants worth strolling are Allenby and Ben Yehuda streets. Off Rehov HaCarmel, for example, you’ll find an open-air market. If you walk north from Jaffa down the seashore for about an hour, you’ll reach the Tel Aviv port (Namal), a hip area of restaurants and clubs around the intersection of Dizengoff and Yirmiyahu streets. The Tel Aviv Museum on Sderot Shaul Hamelekh is home to magnificent works of art, particularly sculpture and paintings by local artists. Another popular museum is the home of Israel’s national poet Hayyim Nahman Bialik. A small, less visited museum is devoted to Nahum Gutman, one of Israel’s most well-known artists. David Ben-Gurion’s home in the center of Tel Aviv has also been turned into a museum. The modest digs are impressive because they show the simple way the country’s most powerful politician lived. Besides a collection of awards and gifts assembled in the house, his awesome library of 20,000 volumes remains intact, filling much of the upper floor of the house and testifying to the man’s thirst for knowledge. A less well known museum is the Haganah Museum on Sderot Rothschild. It was set up in the apartment of the founder of the Haganah, Eliyahu Golomb. Despite being one of the most wanted men in Palestine, the British never found Golomb’s home. Additions to the building now house collections of weapons and exhibits on the struggle for independence. One can’t miss attraction is Beth Hatefutsoth, the Museum of the Diaspora, on the campus of Tel Aviv University. It contains exhibits on the history of the Jewish people covering more than 2,500 years. The University itself is also a nice place to visit and a popular destination for foreign students spending time studying in Israel. Tel Aviv University is in the suburb of Ramat Aviv. Another academic institution, Bar Ilan University is in the suburb of Ramat Gan. Some of the other well-known neighborhoods in Tel Aviv include the Orthodox enclave of B’nei Brak, the “Beverly Hills” of Israel, Savyon, and one Israel’s earliest modern settlements, Petah Tikvah, which was founded in 1878. Another can’t miss museum, perhaps the most moving in Israel, is the Palmach Museum. You need a reservation, but it’s well worth it. Instead of walking through halls of exhibits, you follow a group of Palmachniks as they tell the story of their experiences during the fight for independence. The beautiful area of Neve tzedek (Oasis of Justice) was actually the first neighborhood of Tel Aviv. It was established in 1887 on land that belonged to a political activist named Aaron Shlush. You can still see his house as well as other old buildings representative of the architecture of the early days of settlement in Israel. Don’t miss the Suzanne Dellal Center for dance and theater, the home of the world famous BatSheva Dance Company. Neve Tzedek is the home of many artists whose works are displayed throughout the area. Pull up a chair at a sidewalk cafe and relax before continuing your tour. A few minutes walk from Neve Tzeded is the IDF museum. This is a collection of building that have exhibits on various IDF units, commanders and weapons. If you’re interested in firearms, this is the place for you. Next door is The Station, another place to shop and eat built the site of the first train station ever built in the Middle East in 1892. Replacing camels, the train took people and freight on the 35 mile journey from Jaffa to Jerusalem in just six hours. The station was no used after 1948 and was left in disrepair until opening as a museum and entertainment complex in 2010. Jaffa has been a fortified port city overlooking the Mediterranean Sea for more than 4,000 years. It is one of the world’s most ancient towns. It has been the target of conquerors throughout the ages because of its strategic locations between Asia, Africa and Europe. Israel Fact According to the Bible, Jonah left from Jaffa on his fateful voyage before encountering the whale. Christians learn hat St. Peter miraculously restored life to Tabitha in Jaffa. Up until the early 20th century, when visitors came to Palestine, they usually arrived in Jaffa. The coast there is too rocky for ships to land, so they usually had to anchor offshore and send their passengers to the port in longboats and dinghies. Today, Jaffa is a popular tourist destination because of its beautifully restored old quarter filled with galleries, shops and restaurants. One of the few religious sites is the house of Simon the Tanner, where, according to the New Testament, Peter first realized the gospel message had to be extended beyond the confines of Judaism. You can walk from Tel Aviv, but it’s a good 40 minutes, and once you get past the strip of hotels not as well-trafficked, especially at night. The easiest spot to locate is Hagana Square where the clock tower stands. It was built in 1906 by the Turkish Sultan, Abdul Hamid II, to commemorate his 30th anniversary as ruler. If you head toward the minaret towering over the Mahmoudiya Mosque, you’ll find yourself in a Middle Eastern buffet, with cafes and kiosks selling all of the region’s delicacies. The Visitors’ Center in Kedumim Square has exhibits of archaeological remains and the history of Jaffa. The square is a good place to sit and have a picnic and people watch. At night, bands often play here. The streets off the square are lined with shops, nightclubs and cafes. The ancient port is now a modern sailing facility and a tourist attraction with restaurants and entertainment.

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January 15, 2018   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Lorde Cancels Tel Aviv Concert, Caves to Critics of Israel

Grammy winner Lorde has formally canceled her upcoming concert scheduled for Tel Aviv on June 5 after caving to anti-Israel activists and fans. We regret to announce the cancelation of the Lorde concert in Israel planned for June, the shows organizers told Israeli media outlet YNET (viaNew Zealand Media and Entertainment). The tickets already bought will be reimbursed within 14 business days. As to the circumstances that led to the cancellation of the show, Lorde is expected to publish a statement via Twitter soon. The singer released the following statement: hey guys, so about this israel show ive received an overwhelming number of messages & letters and have had a lot of discussions with people holding many views, and i think the right decision at this time is to cancel the show. i pride myself on being an informed young citizen, and i had done a lot of reading and sought a lot of opinions before deciding to book a show in tel aviv, but Im not too proud to admit i didnt make the right call on this one. tel aviv, its been a dream of mine to visit this beautiful part of the world for many years, and im truly sorry to reverse my commitment to come play for you. i hope one day we can all dance. L x Also Read: Lorde Predicted Fall of Powerful Men in Hollywood Almost a Year Ago: ‘This Came True I Guess’ IsraeliCulture Minister Miri Regev hoped Lorde would reverse her decision. Lorde, Im hoping you can be a pure heroine, like the title of your first album, be a heroine of pure culture, free from any foreign and ridiculous political considerations, she said. Lordeannounced her 2018 Melodrama world tourback in June. A performance was scheduled for the Tel Aviv Convention Centre on June 5, 2018 at 7 p.m. ActivistsNadia Abu-Shanab (Palestinian) and Justine Sachs (Jewish)wrote a joint letter to Lordethat called for her to cancel her Israel concert stop in protest of the countrys treatment of Palestinians. The 60th Grammy Awards nominations were a triumph for hip-hop — but beyond that, they embraced a few dark horses and ignored several favorites. Here’s the scorecard. SURPRISE: Jay-Z, the guy with the most nominations this year, eight, was recognized in major categories (Album of the Year, Song of the Year, Record of the Year) where he was not expected to be a big contender. SNUB: For the first time in three years, country music was shut out in the top categories, leaving the likes of Miranda Lambert and her The Weight of These Wings album out in the cold. SURPRISE: Julia Michaels, the only white artist in the Best New Artist category also made a surprise appearance in the Song of the Year category with Issues. SNUB: The pioneering rockers Metallica were thought to have a chance to crash the Album of the Year category with Hardwired To Self Destruct, but they ended up with a single nod in the Best Rock Song category. SNUB: James Arthur, Logic and Cardi B. were considered likelier Best New Artist nominees, but rapper Lil Uzi Vert grabbed the final slot. SNUB: Everybody thought Ed Sheerand be a lock for the top categories, but everybody was wrong — his album and song Shape of You shockingly landed a paltry two nominations in the pop categories. SURPRISE: Its not a surprise that the deep-voiced bard was nominated for his final album, but its delicious to find Leonard Cohen competing against Chris Cornell and Foo Fighters in the Best Rock Performance category, and against Alabama Shakes and Blind Boys of Alabama for Best American Roots Performance. SNUB: Lady Gaga was thought to be a Song of the Year contender for Million Reasons and an Album of the Year contender for Joanne, but couldnt get noms outside the pop categories. SURPRISE: Senator Bernie Sanders lost in the primaries but is now nominated for Best Spoken Word Album for Our Revolution: A Future to Believe In. This time, hes competing against Bruce Springsteen and Carrie Fisher. SNUB: Kesha did get two pop nominations for her album Rainbow and song Praying, but she had Song of the Year and Record of the Year aspirations. SURPRISE: Childish Gambino, the name used by actor Donald Glover in his musical career, wasnt expected to contend in the Album of the Year and Record of the Year categories, but his album Awaken My Love and song Redbone were both nominees. SNUB: We wont really know if Grammy voters have cooled on Taylor Swift until next year, when her album Reputation is eligible. But the singles Look What You Made Me Do was eligible, and it was shut out. Voters loved Julia Michaels, Childish Gambino and Bernie Sanders (!), but didnt embrace Tayor Swift, Lady Gaga or country music The 60th Grammy Awards nominations were a triumph for hip-hop — but beyond that, they embraced a few dark horses and ignored several favorites. Here’s the scorecard.

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December 23, 2017   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Thousands protest against Netanyahu in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem …

Interested in Israel?Add Israel as an interest to stay up to date on the latest Israel news, video, and analysis from ABC News. Thousands of Israelis are rallying in the streets of Tel Aviv calling on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to resign over alleged corruption for the fourth consecutive week, while hundreds more gathered in Jerusalem for the first time in an anti-corruption demonstration. Israeli Police said several thousand people massed in central Tel Aviv on Saturday in the latest protest against the premier. Several hundred more attended a right-wing anti-corruption rally in Jerusalem, with speeches headlined by former defense minister Moshe Yaalon. Protesters in Jerusalem held signs reading “not right, not left, just straight.” Police have questioned Netanyahu at least seven times, investigating two corruption allegations surrounding the four-term Israeli leader. They have said they suspect him of being involved in bribery, fraud and breach of trust. Netanyahu has denied any wrongdoing.

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December 23, 2017   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed

Tel AvivYafo | Israel | Britannica.com

Tel AvivYafo, Yafo also spelled Jaffa or Joppa, Arabic Yfa, major city and economic centre in Israel, situated on the Mediterranean coast some 40 miles (60 km) northwest of Jerusalem. Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 as a Jewish garden suburb of the ancient Mediterranean port of Jaffa (now Yafo), with which it was joined in 1950. By the beginning of the 21st century, the modern city of Tel Aviv had developed into a major economic and cultural centre. Tel Aviv is headquarters for a number of government ministries, including the Ministry of Defense, as well as other public organizations such as the Histadrut (General Federation of Labour); most of the foreign embassies in Israel are also located in the city. In addition, most of Israels large corporations are headquartered in Tel Aviv. Tel Avivs rapid growth and emergence as a prominent centre was largely due to its advantageous location. Proximity to the old city of Jaffa (whose port served as the gateway to Jerusalem, farther inland) and a Jewish rural-agricultural hinterland were important in Tel Avivs early stages, as was its status as the first modern Jewish city in Palestine. In the mid-1930s Tel Aviv surpassed Jerusalem as the largest city in Palestine (after 1948, the State of Israel). In the mid-1970s, however, Jerusalem exceeded Tel Aviv, which continues to be the countrys second largest city. Tel Aviv forms the core of Israels largest metropolitan area, representing more than two-fifths of Israels population. Despite some decrease in its share of Israels population, the economic and cultural prominence of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area continue to grow. Area city, 20 square miles (52 square km); metropolitan area, 586 square miles (1,518 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) city, 384,400; metropolitan area, 3,098,400. Tel Avivs character is frequently contrasted to that of Jerusalem. Tel Aviv is depicted as the city that never stops, a thriving, vibrant, modern, dynamic, and multicultural city, one generally characterized as tolerant, secular, and liberal, while also materialistic and hedonistica city of the present, lacking deep historical roots. Jerusalem, by contrast, is seen as eternal and holy, conservative, and an arena for major conflicts within Israeli society, including that between Israelis and Palestinians. It has been said by some that while Jerusalem prays, Tel Aviv plays. In the past Tel Aviv was negatively portrayed as a city that lacked character and was unpleasantly humid, ugly, and prematurely aging, with decaying buildings covered in peeling stucco and small business blocks of stained concrete. However, these representations lost much ground during the last quarter of the 20th century, partly the result of substantial beautification effortsthe most significant of which included a new orientation toward the beach, an area that had decayed for decades. Whereas past perceptions marked Tel Aviv as the stronghold of the non-pioneering segment of Israeli society, later views have come to acknowledge Tel Avivs importance as the engine of the Israeli economy, and its rich cultural and entertainment amenities have been increasingly appreciated. Emerging civic pride has been based on the quality of life offered in the city and its metropolitan area. Tel Aviv is located on Israels central coastal plain along about 9 miles (15 km) of shoreline. The old city of Jaffa is situated on a promontory bounded by the Mediterranean coastline to the west and north; its small bay was the location of a port in ancient times. Sand dunes and marshy areas made access difficult from the south and southeast. Lying northeast of Yafo, Tel Aviv is built over three low ridges of soft sandstone hills that run almost parallel to the coastline. A narrow belt of small sand dunes covering the westernmost of these ridges expands inland where gaps in the relief occur. More sandstone ridges lie to the east, and the suburban, built-up area now spreads beyond them into the rich agricultural land of the coastal plain. The Yarqon (Yarkon) River bounds the central part of Tel Aviv to the north. The river was severely polluted by sewage and other waste during the latter half of the 20th century, and cleanup efforts since the 1990s have worked to rehabilitate the Yarqon and draw recreation back to its banks. Ayalon Streamdry for much of the year, though it has caused floods in the pastflows northward to the Yarqon; it delimits central Tel Aviv to the east and forms a canal in the median of the Netivei Ayalon, a freeway that cuts through Tel Aviv from south to north. A portion of the Tel AvivYafo municipality extends east of the Ayalon, and a larger part extends north of the Yarqon River. Tel Aviv has a typical Mediterranean climate with distinct summer and winter seasons and less distinct intermediate seasons. The weather is mild, with no major natural hazards. The long summers are warm and humid and are without rain. Temperatures in August, the warmest month, reach an average maximum of 86 F (30 C) and an average minimum of 75 F (24 C); temperatures exceeding 95 F (35 C) are rare owing to the moderating effect of the sea. Winters are cool and pleasant, with temperatures in January, the coolest month, averaging a maximum of 64 F (18 C) and a minimum of 50 F (10 C), with temperatures seldom falling below 41 F (5 C). Precipitation is largely confined to winter months (primarily November to March), with the mean annual precipitation averaging about 21 inches (530 mm). Snow is an unusual occurrence in Tel Aviv, which experienced only one significant snowfall in the 20th century. Tel Aviv lacks remarkable natural features and historically was not renowned for its architecture. Typical buildings in neighbourhoods throughout the metropolitan area have been three- and four-story flat-roofed apartment houses of concrete and cement brick, covered in stucco and standing on narrow pillars with a small green space or parking lot. However, Tel Avivs architectural heritage has been increasingly acknowledged since the late 20th century, and its aesthetics and architectural variety have attracted greater appreciation. Some of Tel Avivs most significant architectural heritage consists of buildings from the 1930s and 40s, designed in the International Style, which was influenced by the Bauhaus school; Tel Aviv is considered to have the greatest concentration of such buildings worldwide. The White City, as about 4,000 such buildings are collectively known, was constructed in Tel Aviv by European-trained architects between the early 1930s and the late 40s and was based on the urban plan of Scottish sociologist Sir Patrick Geddes. The White Citys simple, functional style has become renowned for its consideration of the culture, climate, and needs of its inhabitants. The White City was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2003. High-rise construction largely commenced during the 1960s. Tel Avivs first skyscraper, Shalom Meir Tower, which contains more than 30 floors and stands 466 feet (142 metres) tall, was built in 1965 on the site of the demolished Herzliya High School at the heart of Tel Avivs original core neighbourhood. Commercial and residential high-rises have been built in subsequent decades throughout the central part of the city. A concentration of skyscrapers evolved in the Diamond Exchange area in Ramat Gan, across the municipal boundary to the east. The Azrieli Centres group of three towersone circular, one triangular, and one squarestand along the Netivei Ayalon freeway in Tel Aviv and have become landmarks of the citys skyline. Over time, Tel Avivs central business district has progressed steadily northward from the historical nucleus of Herzl Street. The district first moved to Allenby Street, which was eventually regarded as the old central business district after its decline in the second half of the 20th century, though it remained the location of the headquarters of Israels major banks. Upscale fashion shops, restaurants, and entertainment venues, however, moved farther north to Dizengoff Street, whose prominent feature was Dizengoff Square, a circular plaza and Tel Aviv focal point after its establishment in the 1930s. Dizengoff Street has gradually declined since the 1970s; some upscale shops moved to locations such as Hamedina Square (Kikar Ha-Medinah) farther north, but the main reason for the transformation has been linked to the rise of shopping malls. The first mall, Dizengoff Centre, opened in the late 1970s within the central business district, but initially it experienced difficulties. Kanyon Ayalon, the areas first shopping mall to follow the North American model, opened in the inner suburb of Ramat Gan in the mid-1980s; a significant success, it was followed by the establishment of numerous suburban shopping malls, big-box retailers (such as warehouse clubs), and power centres (a variation on the strip mall involving a collection of retailers on a single property). Two large shopping malls, the Azrieli Mall and the Ramat Aviv, were established within the city of Tel Aviv. From the 1970s the proportion of people employed within the city centre began a trend of steady decrease as many businesses began favouring the citys outer rings. Like the shops, office concentrations also largely shifted out of the central business district, many of these at first moving to the upscale residential inner north. The municipality building was also built in that area, adjacent to Yitzhak Rabin Square, a centre of public demonstrations and diverse cultural events and the site of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabins assassination in 1995. Attempts to expand office development near the coast north of Yafo were largely unsuccessful because of the regions proximity to low-status areas as well as its inferior accessibility. Instead, the area adjacent to the Netivei Ayalon freeway proved to be a successful magnet for office development, in part because of the freeway, which passes along the edge of central Tel Aviv and provides superior accessibility. Tel Aviv was late to acknowledge this potential; as a result, much of this development took place in nearby Ramat Gan. Suburbanization of office space has been slower than that of retail space, with no real edge cities evolving until the beginning of the 21st century. A manufacturing belt first evolved in the low-lying areas northeast of Yafo and near the Ayalon Stream. Manufacturing decentralized early and extensively. High-technology enterprises later developed in northern Tel Aviv, with major concentrations of high-technology industries developing in suburbs such as Herzliyya and Nes Ziyyona. A run-down, deteriorating neighbourhood until the 1960s, old Yafo and its harbour have since been developed into a tourist enclave. In the early 1980s, following years of neglect, the promenade along the Tel Aviv beach was rebuilt, and a line of high-rise hotels was constructed along the coast; these waterfront features have become landmarks and the hub of the citys tourist activity. Parks, public gardens, and groves dot Tel Avivs municipal area; they vary in size and accessibility across the city, as parts of the north generally have more open public space per resident than do the city centre and the south. The main park areas are located near the Yarqon River, including Ha-Yarqon (Hayarkon) Park; the Israel Trade Fairs and Convention Center at the Exhibition Groundsone of Israels largest exhibition centresstands adjacent to this park. Other large parks, including Wolfson Park and Begin Park, are located in the south. Some of the suburbs are better endowed with green space, including the Raananna Park as well as the National Park in Ramat Gan. Adjacent to the National Park is the Safari, Israels largest zoo, which at the beginning of the 21st century housed one of the Middle Easts largest animal collections. At the beginning of the 20th century about 40,000 inhabitants, roughly four-fifths Arab, resided in Jaffa. Tel Avivs population, by contrast, numbered approximately 1,500 in 1914 and was almost wholly Jewish. It enjoyed substantial growth after World War I, tripling over a period of six years during the 1930s to 150,000 inhabitants. Jaffas population grew more slowly but reached about 100,000 in 1947, with Jews representing roughly one-third of the population. Since the cities amalgamation in 1950, the population of Tel AvivYafo has fluctuated; it reached a peak in the 1960s and then declined gradually until the 1980s. The population expanded again in the early 1990s because of the influx of immigrants from the former Soviet Union and stabilized in the mid-1990s at about 350,000 inhabitants, though it is thought that non-Jewish foreign workers may be undercounted. During the intifah (Arabic: shaking off) and subsequent terror attacks in the 1990s, the number of both legal and illegal foreign workers in Tel Aviv grew markedly as the Arab workforce from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip became more scarce, in part because of border closures and bans on Palestinian employment. Jews represent the vast majority of Tel Avivs population. Tel Avivs Jewish populace is considered to be largely secular, although a significant minority is religious. Arabsmainly Muslims, as well as a number of Christiansaccount for a very small fraction of the population. The citys population is substantially more affluent than the national average, and the size of its average household is typically smaller. The city has a rather high proportion of both elderly residents and single-parent families compared with the Israeli and metropolitan averages. Low natural increase and negative migration balance account for the modest population growth in the city proper. Nevertheless, the larger metropolitan area has grown rapidly and continuously, both in area and in population. It is predominantly Jewish, with Arabs representing less than 5 percent of the population. Tel Avivs social geography is characterized by its north-south divide. The wealthiest neighbourhoods are situated north of the Yarqon River, but the old north (south of the Yarqon; previously the northern edge of the city, before it expanded beyond the river) is also upscale. The poorest neighbourhoods are largely located in the south, although some areas have gentrified. The Ha-Tiqwa (Hatikva) neighbourhood and Kefar Shalem, the former Arab village of Salamah, are among the more impoverished neighbourhoods, largely inhabited by Jews originating from Arabic-speaking countries. Parts of the inner south have developed into enclaves of mostly poor foreign workers. The poor Arab community is concentrated in parts of Yafo. Population densities in Tel Aviv, though high on the whole, are lower than those in many European cities, in part because the citys buildings do not form continuous rows along the streets. The north-south divide is also evident in the suburbs, which, although largely middle class, are still heterogeneous; these range from the small, wealthy suburb of Savyon to the poorer cities of Lod and Ramla, from the highly religious Jewish city of Bene Beraq to Arab centres, as well as areas populated largely by immigrants from the former Soviet Union. To the east and south, Tel Aviv blends into a continuous built-up area, including the cities of Ramat Gan, Givatayim, Bene Beraq, Bat Yam, and Holon. Major outer suburbs include Herzliyya and Netanya to the north, Peta Tiqwa and Modiin to the east, and Rishon Leiyyon and Ashdod to the south. Rural settlements in the vicinity of Tel Aviv, including cooperative agricultural settlements such as kibbutzim and moshavim, are also becoming increasingly suburbanized, and the expanding Tel Aviv metropolis continues to approach the fringe areas of the Jerusalem and Haifa metropolitan areas. Tel Aviv forms the core of Israels postindustrial, globally oriented economy. Its dominance in Israels economic life is made clearly evident by the fact that, although only a small fraction of Israels population resides in Tel Aviv, almost one-sixth of all jobs in Israel are located in the city. Furthermore, some two-fifths of all the countrys jobs in banking, insurance, and financethe citys leading sectorsare located in Tel Aviv. Nearly all banks and insurance companies operating in the country are headquartered in the city, and Israels only stock exchange is located there as well. Greater Tel Aviv is a leading centre of retail and wholesale trade, and, though tourism is a significant sector, Tel Aviv is not Israels prime tourist destination. The manufacturing sector has declined because of suburbanization and dispersal to peripheral regions; however, Greater Tel Aviv has retained a role as a thriving, innovative, high-technology industrial centre of substantial global significance. As Israels major transportation hub, Tel Aviv largely depends on motor vehicle transportation, including an extensive bus system. Commuters are increasingly served by a system of suburban trains, and plans for a light-rail system have progressed. Israels main international airport is located in Tel Avivs southeastern vicinity, and the important port of Ashdod is located on the southern edge of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area. Attempts to promote the dispersal of population and industry toward peripheral regions and to curb the expansion of the Tel Aviv metropolis have had only limited effects. Some movement has occurred, but much of it has been little more than the spread of suburbanization into new rings of the expanding metropolitan area; the metropolitan region on the whole continues to be a magnet for leading economic activities, innovation, and entrepreneurship. The Tel Aviv metropolitan area includes about 70 local authorities, each of which is governed by a mayor and council elected for a five-year term. The metropolitan area lacks formal coordination among its local authorities, although limited collaboration exists, particularly the organization that oversees sewage disposal. Some of Israels most renowned hospitals are located in Greater Tel Aviv. The area is also home to several universities. Located in the northern part of the city is Tel Aviv University (founded 1953). Two other leading institutes of higher education in Greater Tel Aviv are Bar-Ilan University (founded 1953), a religious university in Ramat Gan, and the Weizmann Institute of Science (founded 1949) in Rehovot. A large number of new colleges, many of them private, have been established in Greater Tel Aviv since the 1980s. As Israels most prominent centre of culture and entertainment, Tel Aviv is home to most of the countrys theatres, including the Habima National Theatre, as well as the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, the New Israeli Opera (housed in the Tel Aviv Performing Arts Centre), and most of Israels dance companies. More than one-third of all performances and exhibitions in Israel are held in Tel Aviv, and the city hosts three of Israels eight largest museums: the Eretz Israel (Land of Israel) Museum, with its diverse collections in archaeology, Judaica, ethnography, and material culture; the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, exhibiting Israeli as well as American and European works; and the Diaspora Museum, devoted to the history of the Jewish people in the Diaspora. Tel Aviv is also an important communications hub: the majority of Israels newspapersincluding Haaretz (The Land), Maariv (Evening Prayer), and Yedioth Aharonoth (Yediot Aaronot, Latest News)and periodicals are published in the city, and it is also the location of most publishing houses, the armed forces broadcasting facilities, and radio and television studios. Tel Aviv has several sporting arenas. Israels principal athletic stadium, the National Stadium, with a capacity of more than 40,000, is located in nearby Ramat Gan; the largest football (soccer) stadium in Tel Aviv is Bloomfield Stadium, which has a seating capacity of about 16,500. The countrys largest basketball arena is also in Tel Aviv and is host to Maccabi Tel Aviv, the dominant Israeli basketball team and winner of many national championships and a number of European titles. The citys major football teams, Hapoel Tel Aviv and Maccabi Tel Aviv, as well as several other teams, usually play in Israels premier league. An old Canaanite city, Jaffa was taken by Thuti, general of Thutmose III of Egypt, in the 15th century bce and became a provincial capital during the Egyptian New Kingdom. The Israelite kings David and Solomon occupied it, the latter using it as the port for landing Lebanon timber that floated down the coast from Tyre. Later Jaffa was ruled by the Persians, but by about 350 bce it is recorded as independent. After Alexander the Greats conquest, the Ptolemies held it. In 68 ce the Roman emperor Vespasian captured it on his way to Jerusalem; by that time the superior artificial harbour and port city of Caesarea to the north was already bringing decline to Jaffa, which, by comparison, was an inadequate port. The Crusaders captured the city in 1126 but lost it to Saladin in 1187. In 1191 it was recaptured by Richard I of England, but by 1197 it had been retaken by Saladins brother, al-Malik al-dil (honorific: Sayf al-Dn, Sword of the Faith). Jaffa was razed by the Mamlks of Egypt in 1345 because of a threatened new Crusade, but, toward the end of the 17th century, it began to develop again as a seaport. During the course of the 19th century, Jaffa grew from a tiny town into the regions most important port and, after Jerusalem, the second most important city. Surrounded by productive agricultural hinterland, Jaffa was enhanced by its location on the junction of the coastal road and the road to Jerusalem, allowing it to serve as both an important hub for the export of citrus fruit and the gateway for pilgrims to Jerusalem and to the larger Holy Land. With the start of Jewish-Zionist immigration, Jaffa became the cultural and educational centre of the immigrant population and included two Jewish neighbourhoods, Newe edeq and Newe Shalom, which were established in northern Jaffa in the late 19th century. Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 as a Jewish suburb of the mainly Arab Jaffa. It was named for Theodor Herzls novel Altneuland (1902), translated into Hebrew as Tel Aviv (Spring Hill), in which Herzl, the founder of the political form of Zionism, put forth his ideas for a new Jewish state. The name also has a biblical association, having been mentioned in the Book of Ezekiel as a settlement of exiled Jews in Babylonia (see Babylonian Exile). Tel Avivs founders were mainly middle-class immigrants who set out to build a European-style suburb with straight, wide streets, parks, and modern urban infrastructure and services. The new suburb was to be run by an elected autonomous local council, although nominally it was part of Jaffa. In 1917 the entire population of Tel Aviv and the Jewish population of nearby Jaffa were expelled northward by the Turkish military authorities, who suspected their sympathies were with the advancing British army. The citys residents returned home in late 1917, after Jaffa and Tel Aviv were taken by the British. Growth during the period of the British mandate in Palestine was largely influenced by waves of Jewish immigration into Palestine and by rounds of violence between Arabs and Jews. Substantial levels of Jewish immigration led to rapid population growth and construction booms; middle-class immigrants from Poland and Germany arriving with capital were particularly prominent in these waves. Violent exchanges between Arabs and Jews in 1921, 1929, and 193639 led to an increasing separation between the two populations. The anti-Jewish riots of 1921, in which Arabs attacked the Jewish population of Jaffa, led thousands of Jews to leave the city for Tel Aviv, prompting most Jewish businesses to move there as well. Separation between Arabs and Jews was virtually completed in 193639 when a general strike in the port of Jaffa led to the establishment of a separate port in Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv was granted township status in 1921 and full municipal (city) status in 1934, with Meir Dizengoff serving as the citys first mayor. Tel Avivs status as the first urban territory in Palestine managed by Jews contributed to its appeal to Jewish immigrants in the 1920s and 30s. It was in this period that Tel Aviv emerged as the economic, cultural, political, and military centre of the Jewish population in Palestine. Theatres were established, many important writers took up residence in the city, and the first trade fair took place in the early 1930s. The historical nucleus of Tel Aviv developed into a thriving business centre. By 1933 the population of Tel Aviv surpassed that of Jaffa, then an Arab economic core and one of the largest Arab communities in Palestine, to become Palestines largest and most important city. According to the United Nations 1947 resolution on the partition of Palestine, Jaffa was meant to remain an Arab enclave within the Jewish state. However, in May of 1948, days prior to Israels declaration of independence and the beginning of the Arab-Israeli wars, the Jewish military forces of the Haganah and Irgun Zvai Leumi took control of Jaffa, and the Arab-majority population of about 65,000 fled. Jewish immigrants soon settled in the largely deserted city. Jaffa was amalgamated with Tel Aviv in 1950, and the united municipality became officially known as Tel AvivYafo. Tel Avivs municipal boundaries were further expanded to encompass several Arab villages and a number of Jewish neighbourhoods; additional land north of the Yarqon River was annexed in the 1950s. The citys growth dwindled when no more land could be annexed and public construction projects for the absorption of immigrants were moved to locations outside the city, where land prices were cheaper. Port operations in Yafo and Tel Aviv harbours ceased upon the inauguration of the modern port in nearby Ashdod in 1965. Shlomo Lahat, the prominent Tel Aviv mayor who governed the city between 1974 and 1993, initiated large-scale development projects at great expense in order to boost the image of Tel Aviv and the quality of life in the city. In the turbulent 1990s, Tel Aviv experienced renewed growth and economic restructuring, as well as security problems associated with the Israeli-Arab conflict and peace process. During these years, absorption of immigrants from the former Soviet Union, an influx of foreign workers, and the gentrification of older parts of central Tel Aviv led to a modest growth in population. Greater Tel Aviv benefitted substantially from the renewed and rapid growth of the Israeli economy. The city acted as the hub for foreign investors entering the Israeli economy in that decade and served as the crux of the real estate boom and of the proliferation of high-technology start-ups. However, Tel Aviv suffered a number of violent attacks; among them were Iraqi missile assaults during the Persian Gulf War (in 1991; causing more panic than damage) as well as several terrorist attacks (including those in 1996, 2001, 2003, and 2006) that accompanied the collapse of the peace process associated with the Oslo Accords. The renewed conflict contributed in part to a significant economic downturn in the early 21st century that was further exacerbated by a global crisis in high-technology industries. However, Tel Avivs economy soon recovered, and the city witnessed a real estate boom. Tel Aviv and its metropolitan area have continued to draw talent and economic and cultural focus from other parts of Israel, leading to raised concerns of an unprecedented level of polarization.

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December 16, 2017   Posted in: Tel Aviv  Comments Closed


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