Iraq – definition of Iraq by The Free Dictionary

Iraq – a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as IraqAnsar al Islam, Ansar al-Islam, Supporters of Islam – a radical Islamic group of terrorists in the Iraqi part of Kurdistan who oppose an independent secular nation as advocated by the United States; some members fought with the Taliban and al-Qaeda forces in Afghanistan; said to receive financial support from Saddam HusseinArab League – an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperationRepublican Guard – formerly Iraq’s elite military unit whose primary role was to protect the government in BaghdadAkhbari – a religious movement by Arab Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iraq that is opposed to the Usuli; “Akhbari Shiism has never promoted political control”Middle East, Mideast, Near East – the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; “the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization”Gulf States – the countries in southwestern Asia that border the Persian GulfBagdad, Baghdad, capital of Iraq – capital and largest city of Iraq; located on the Tigris River; “Baghdad is one of the great cities of the Muslim world”Basia, Basra – the second largest city in Iraq; an oil port in southern IraqKarbala, Kerbala, Kerbela – a city of central Iraq to the south of Baghdad; a holy city for Shiite Muslims because it is the site of the tomb of Mohammed’s grandson who was killed there in 680Kirkuk – a city in northeastern Iraq; the center of a rich oilfield with pipelines to the MediterraneanMosul – a city in northern Iraq on the Tigris across from the ruins of NinevehMesopotamia – the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as IraqBabylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea – an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)Chaldaea, Chaldea – an ancient region of Mesopotamia lying between the Euphrates delta and the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Desert; settled in 1000 BC and destroyed by the Persians in 539 BC; reached the height of its power under Nebuchadnezzar IISumer – an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BCAssyria – an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia which is in present-day IraqAssur, Asur, Ashur – an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris and traditional capital of Assyria; just to the south of the modern city of Mosul in IraqNineveh – an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris across from the modern city of Mosul in the northern part of what is now known as IraqKurdistan – an extensive geographical region in the Middle East to the south of the CaucasusSyrian Desert – a desert of northern Arabia occupying western Iraq, southern Syria, eastern Jordan, and northern Saudi ArabiaAsia – the largest continent with 60% of the earth’s population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world’s earliest civilizationsEuphrates, Euphrates River – a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient MesopotamiaIraki, Iraqi – a native or inhabitant of Iraq; “the majority of Iraqi are Arab Shiite Muslims although Sunni Muslims control the government”

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Iraq – definition of Iraq by The Free Dictionary

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November 9, 2018  Tags:   Posted in: Iraq |

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